1 ♣1r

The firſt examinacyon
of Anne Aſkewe, latelye martyred
in Smythfelde, by the Romyſh
popes upholders,

with
the Elucydacyon of
Johan Bale.

Anne Aſkewe ſtode faſt by thys veryte of
God to the ende.

A drawing of Anne Askew with a halo on her head, a pen in her left hand and a Bible in her right hand. A snake dressed as a church official crawls at her feet. The drawing’s caption is to the right of the figure, rotated ninety degrees to the right, and the epigraph is to the figure’s left, also rotated ninety degrees to the right.

Pſalme 116.
The veryte of the Lorde endureth forever.

Favoure is diſceytfull/ and bewtye is a vayne thynge. But a woman that feareth the lorde/ is worthye to be prayſed. She openeth her mouthe to wyſdome/ and in her language is the lawe of grace. Proverb. xxxj.
2 ♣1v 3 ♣2r

Johan Bale to the Chriſten readers.

Amonge other moſt ſyngular offyces (dylygent reader) whych the lorde hath appoynted to be done in the erneſt ſprete of Helyas, by the forerōonners of hys lattre aperaunce, thys is one verye ſpecyall to be noted. They ſhall turne the hartes of their auncyēent elders into the chyldrēen, Mala.4. And the unbelevers of their tyme, to the wyſdome of thoſe ryghtouſe fathers, as ded Johan Baptyſt afore hys firſt cōommynge, Luce 1. That is (ſayth Bedas ca. 68. de temporum Bedes prophecy ratione) the faythe and fervent zele of the prophetes and Apoſtles ſhall they plant in their hartes, whych ſhall in thoſe dayes lyve and be amonge men converſaunt. & than wyll breake fourth (ſayth he as a verye true prophete) ſoche horryble perſecucyon, as wyll firſt of all take from the worlde, thoſe myghtye beliaſes by tryumphaunt martyrdome, to the terryfyenge of other in the ſame fayth, ♣ij of 4 ♣2v 2. ſortes. of whom ſome ſhall becom through that occaſyon, moſt gloryouſe martyrs unto Chriſt alſo, & ſome verye wycked Apoſtat aes forſakynge hys lyvelye doctryne. for by the ſeyd Bedas teſtymonye in the begynnynge of the ſame chaptre, two moſt certayne ſygnes ſhall we thāan have that the lattre judgement daye is at hande. The returne of Iſraels remnaunt unto 2. ſygnes. their lorde God, and the horryble perſecucyon of Antichriſt.

Conferre with thys treated ſcripture and former prophecye of that vertuouſe man Bedas, the worldes alteracyon now, with the terryble turmoylynges of our tyme. And as in a moſt clere myrrour, ye ſhall wele perceyve them at thys Iſraelytes. preſent, to be in moſt quyck workynge. And as concernynge the Iſraelytes or Jewes, I have both ſeane and knowne of them in Germanye, moſt faythfull Chriſten belevers. Neyther is it in the prophecye (Oſee 3.) that they ſhuld at that daye be all converted, no more than they were at Johan Baptyſtes preachynge, Luce 1. for as Eſaye reporteth, though the poſteryte of Jacob be as the ſee ſande (innumerable) yet 5 ♣3r 3 yet ſhall but a remnaunt of them convert than unto their lorde God. Eſaie 10. And though the lorde hath ſyfted that howſe of Iſrael (as brouſed corne in a ſyffe) amonge all other nacyons, Amos 9. yet ſhall not that remnaunt of theirs peryſh, but at that daye be ſaved, through the onlye eleccyon of preachers grace, Romano. 11. Now concernynge the afore ſeyd forerōonners, in thys moſt wonderfull change of the worlde before the lattre ende therof. I thynke within thys realme of Englande, beſydes other Tyndale. Barnes. nacyons abroade, the ſprete of Helyas was not all a ſlepe in good Wyllyam Tyndale, Robert Barnes, & ſoche other more, whome Antichriſtes vyolence hath ſent hens in fyre to heaven, as Helyas went afore in the frierye charett, 42.Regum 2.

Theſe turned the hartes of the fathers into the chyldren, ſoche tyme as they toke from a great nombre of our nacyon, by their godlye preachynges and writynges, the corrupted beleve of the pope & hys maſtrye workers (whych were no fathers, but cruell robbers & deſtroyers, Ioāan.10.) reducynge thēem agayn ♣iij to the 6 ♣3v to the true faythe of Abraham and Peter, Gene.15. and Math.16. The pure beleve in Chriſtes birthe and paſſyon, The fathers. whych Adam and Noe ſucked out of the firſt promes of God, Jacob and Moſes out of the ſeconde, David and the prophetes out of the thirde, and ſo fourth the Apoſtles and fathers out of the other ſcriptures, ſo firmelye planted they in the conſciences of manye, that no cruell kynde of deathe coulde averte thēem from it. As we have for example their conſtaunt dyſcyples, and now ſtronge witneſſes of Jeſus Chriſt, Johan Laſſels and Martyrs Anne Aſkewe, with their other. ii. companyons, verye gloryouſe martyrs afore God, what though they be not ſo afore the wronge judgynge eyes of the worlde whom the bloudye remnaunt of Antichriſt put unto moſt cruell deathe in Smythfelde at London, in 1546-07the yeare of our lorde, M.D.XLVI. in Julye.

If they be onlye (as was Johan Baptyſt) great afore the lorde by the holye ſcriptures allowaunce, whych are ſtrongelye adourned with the graces of hys ſprete, as faythe, force, underſtandynge, wyſdome, pacyence, love, longe ſufferaunceand 7 ♣4r ce and ſoche lyke. I dare boldelye afferme theſe 4.myghtye witneſſes alſo to be the ſame, ſo well as the martyrs of the prymatyve or Apoſtles churche. For ſo Chriſten martyrs. ſtrongelye had theſe thoſe vertues as they, and ſo boldelye objected their bodyes to the deathe for the undefyled Chriſten beleve, agaynſt the malygnaūunt Synagoge of Sathan, as ever ded they, for no tyrannye admyttynge anye create or corruptyble ſubſtaunce for their eternall Breade. lyvynge. If their blynde babyes to prove them unlyke, do object agaynſt me, the myracles ſhewed at their deathes more than at theſe, as that unfaythfull generacyon is ever deſyerouſe of wonders, Math.12. I wolde but knowe of thēem, what myracles were ſhewed whan Johan Baptyſtes head was cut of in the preſon? Marci 6. and whan James myracles the Apoſtle was byheaded at Hieruſalem? Acto.12. Theſe 2. were excellent afore God, what though they were but myſerable wretches, lyght fellawes, ſedycyouſe heretykes, buſye knaves, and lowſye beggers in the ſyght of noble kyng Herode and hys honorable counſell of rochettes prelates. For had not rochettes and ſyde ♣iiij gownes 8 ♣4v gownes bene at hande, haplye they had not ſo lyghtlye dyed.

If they allege Steven, to maynteyne Steven. their purpoſe, that he at hys deathe behelde heaven open. I aske of thēem agayne what they were whych ſe it more than hys owne perſone? Sure I am that their wycked predeceſſours there preſent, ſe it not. For they ſtopped their eares, whan he tolde them therof, Actorum 7. Legēendes. If they yet brynge fourth the other hyſtoryes of Apoſtles and martyrs. I anſwere them, that all they are of no ſoche autoryte, as theſe here afore. The popes martyrs in dede, were moche fuller of myracles than ever were Chriſtes, as hysſelfe tolde us they ſhulde be ſo, Mathei 24. Yet wrought fryre Foreſt, Johan Foreſt. Fyſher. More. Fiſher, and Thomas More no myracles, what though manye be now regeſtred in their lyves and legendes by the fryres of Fraunce, Italye, and Spayne. Beſydes that Johan Cochleus hath written of them, ad Paulum Pōontificem, ad regem Henricum, and alſo in their defence agaynſt doctor Sampſon. With that Eraſmus ded alſo ad Huttenūum. P. Writers. M. ad Gaſparem Aggripam, Albertus Pighius, 9 ♣5r 5 Pighius, Rivius, Fichardus, & a great ſort more. And as for the holye mayde of kēent with Doctor Hockynge, though they wrought great wonders by their lyfe, yet apered non at their deathes. Of hys owne choſen martyrs, Chriſt loketh for Chriſten martyrs. non other myracle, but that onlye they perſever faythfull to the ende, Math. 10. And never denye hys veryte afore men. Luce 12. For that worthye vyctorye of the ſynnefull worlde, ſtandeth in the invyncybleneſſe of faythe, and not in myracles and wonders, as thoſe waverynge wittes ſuppoſe, 1.Ioan.5.

Ryght wonderfullye wyll thys apere Anne Aſkewe in the ii. myghtye conflyctes here after folowynge, whych the faythfull ſervaunt of Jeſu Anne Aſkewe, a gentylwoman verye yonge, dayntye, and tender, had with that outragynge Synagoge, in her ii. examynacyons, about the xxv. yeare of her age, whom ſhe ſent abroade by her owne hande writynge. The handelynges of her other iii. companyons, ſhall be ſhewed in other ſeverall treatyſes at layſer. For Goddes power. the glorye and great power of the ♣v lorde, 10 ♣5v lorde, ſo manyfeſtlye aperynge in hys elect veſſels, maye not now peryſh at all handes, & be unthankefullye neglected but be ſpred the worlde over, as wele in Latyne as Englyſh, to the perpetuall infamye of ſo wyllfullye cruell and ſpyghtfull tyrauntes. Nothynge at all ſhall it terryfye us, nor yet in anye poynt lett us of our purpoſe, that our bokes are now in Englande condempned and brent, by Bokes cōondempned. the Byſhoppes and preſtes with their frantyck affynyte, the great Antichriſtes upholders, whych ſeke by all practyſes poſſyble to turune over the kynges moſt noble and godlye enterpryſe. But it wyll from hens forth occaſyon us, to ſet fourth in the Latyne alſo, that afore we Latyne. wrote onlye in the Englyſh, and ſo make their ſpirytuall wyckedneſſe and treaſon knowne moche farther of. What avayled it Joakim to burne Hieremyes proyhecye by the ungracyouſe counſell of hys prelates: Hiere.36. Eyther yet Antiochus to ſet fyre on the other ſcriptures? 1.Macha. 1. God wyll be knowne.

After the Apoſtles were brought afore the counſell and ſtrayghtlye cōommaunded to ceaſe from preachynge, they preachedched 11 ♣6r 6 ched moche more than afore. Acto.4. In moſt terryble perſecucyons of the prymatyve churche, were the examynacyons ; anſwers, tormentes and deathes of the conſtaunt martyrs written, and ſent abroade all the whole worlde over, as teſtyfyeth Euſebius Ceſarienſis in hys eccleſyaſtyck hyſtorye. Their coppyes habounde yet everye where. Great ſlaughter & burnynge hath bene here in Englande for Johan wycleves bokes, ever Johan wycleves bokes. ſens 1382the yeare of our lorde. M. CCC. LXXXII. Yet have not one of them throughlye peryſhed. I have at thys houre the tytles of a C. and XLIIII. of them, whych are manye more in nombre, for some of them undre one tytle comprehendeth ii. bokes, ſome iii. some iiii. Yea, one of them contayneth xii. I thynke not the contrarye, but ere the worlde Canonyſe be at a full ende, God wyll ſo gloryfye that twentye tymes condempned heretyke, execrated, curſed, ſpytted, and ſpatled at, that all your popyſh writers before hys tyme and after, wyll be reckened but vyle ſwyneheardes to hym, for the good faver he bare to, Chriſtes holye Goſpell, A verye madneſſe is it to ſtryve agaynſt 12 ♣6v agaynſt God, whan he wyll have the longe hydden inyquytees knowne. As the godlye wyſe man Gamaliel ſayd, Acto. gamaliel 5. If thys enterpryſe that is now taken agaynſt yow, be of God, ye ſhall never be able with all your tyrannouſe practyſes to dyſſolve it.

Anne Aſkewe. Now concernynge that bleſſed woman Anne Aſkewe, whych latelye ſuffered the tyrannye of thys worlde for ryght wiſneſſe ſake. In Lyncolne ſhyre was ſhe borne of a verye auncyent and noble ſtocke, Sir Wyllyam Aſkewe a worthye knyght beynge her father. But no worthyneſſe in the fleſh, neyther yet anye worldlye nobleneſſe anuvayleth to godwarde, afore whome is no acceptacyon of perſone, Actorum 10. Onlye is it faythe True nobylyte. with hys true love and feare, whych maketh us the accept, noble and worthye chyldren unto God, Ioan.1. Wherof by hys gyft, ſhe had wonderfull habundaunce. Lydia. Soch a won was ſhe, as was Lydia the purple ſellar, whoſe harte the lorde opened by the godlye preachynge of Paule at Thyatira, Acto.16. For dylygent hede gave ſhe to hys worde whan it was ones taught without ſuperſtycyon,perſtycyon 13 ♣7r 7 perſtycyon, & wolde no lōongar be a falſe worſhypper or ydolatour after the wycked scole of Antichriſt. But became frōom thensfourth a true worſhypper, worſhyppyng her lorde God (whych is a ſprete ; not breade) in ſprete & in veryte, accordynge to that worde of hys, Ioan.4. The Goſpell of Chriſt bare ſhe in her harte, as ded the holye mayde Cecilia, & never Cecilia. after ceaſed frōom the ſtodye therof, nor frōom godlye cōommunycacyon & prayer, tyll ſhe was clerlye by moſt cruell tormentes, taken from thys wretched worlde.

By her do I here (dere fryndes in the lorde) as ded the faythfull Bretherne in Fraunce, at the cyties of Lyons and Vienna by a lyke faythfull yonge woman called Blandina. Whych was Blāandina there put to deathe with. iii. myghtye companyons more amonge other (as thys was) for her Chriſtēen beleve, about 0170the yeare of our lorde, C. and LXX. in the prymatyve ſprynge of their Chriſtyanyte. They wrote unto their Bretherne in the landes of Aſia & Phrygia verye farre of, her myghtye ſtronge ſufferynges for Chriſtes fayth, whych they knewe nothynge of afore. I write here unto yow in 14 ♣7v yow in Englande the double proceſſe of thys noble woman, wherof ye are not ignoraunt, Anne Aſkewe. for ſo moche as it was there ſo manyfeſtlye done amonge yow. Coupled I have theſe ii. examples togyther, bycauſe I fynde them in ſo manye poyntes agree. Blandina was yonge and tender. So was Anne Aſkewe alſo. But that whych was frayle of nature in thēem both, Chriſt made moſt ſtronge by hys grace. Blandina had iii. erneſt companyons in Companyons. Chriſt, Maturus, Sanctes, and Attalus, ſo ferventlye faythfull as her ſelfe. So had Anne Aſkewe iii. fyre fellawes, a gentylman called Johan Laſſels her inſtructour, a preſte, and a tayler called Johan Adlam, men in Chriſtes veryte unto the ende moſt cōonſtaunt. With Blāandina Recāanters were in preſon, to the nombre of x. whych renyed the truthe and were clerelye forſaken of God for it. How manye fell frōom Chriſt beſydes Crome and Shaxton, whan Anne Aſkewe ſtode faſt by hym, I am uncerteyne. But I counſell them, as ſaynt Johan counſelled the Tryed Golde. Laodycyanes, in the myſerable eſtate they are now in, to bye them throngh tryed golde of Chriſt, leaſt they peryſh all 15 ♣8r 8 all togyther, Apoca.3. If they had not ſtyll remayned in that chauncell, whome Chriſt commaunded Johan in no wyſe to meaſure, Apoca.11. They had The chauncell. never ſo ſhamefullye blaſphemed, lyke as Bedas alſo toucheth in hys former prophecye.

Prompt was Blandina, and of moſt luſtye corage, in renderynge her lyfe for the lyberte of her faythe. No leſſe lyvelye Corage. and quyck was Anne Aſkewe in all her enpryſonynges and tormēentes. Great was the love, Blandina had to Chriſt. No leſſe was the love of Anne Aſkewe. Racked. Blandina never faynted in torment. No more ded Anne Aſkewe in ſprete, whan ſhe was ſo terrybly racked of Wryſleye the chaunceller and Ryche, that the ſtryn ges of her armes and eyes were peryſhed Blandina deryded the cruelte of the tyrauntes. So ded Anne Aſkewe the madneſſe of the Byſhoppes and their ſpechemen. Reade burnynge plates of yron and of braſſe had Blandina put to her ſydes. Burned. So had Anne Aſkewe the flamynge brāandes of fyre. Full of God and hys veryte was Blandina. So was Anne Aſkewe to the verye ende. Chriſt wonderfullye tryumphed 16 ♣8v tryumphed in Blandina. So ded he in Anne Aſkewe, whan ſhe made no noyſe on the racke, and ſo erneſtlye afterwarde rejoyced in hym. Blandina was geven fourth to wylde beaſtes to be devoured. Beaſtes. So was Anne Aſkewe to cruell Byſhoppes & preſtes, whom Chriſt calleth ravenynge wolves, devourers, and theves. Math.7. & Ioan. 10. Blandina upon the ſcaffolde boldelye reprehended the pagane preſtes of their errour. So ded Anne Aſkewe whan ſhe was faſt tyed to the ſtake, with ſtomack rebuke that blaſphemouſe apoſtata Shaxtōon Shaxtōon. with the Byſhoppes and preſtes generacyon, for their manyfeſt mayntenaunce of ydolatrye.

Blandina at the ſtake ſhewed a vyſage unterryfyed. So ded Anne Aſkewe a countenaunce ſtowte, myghtye and erneſt. Infatygable was the ſprete of Blāandina. So was the ſprete of Anne Aſkewe. The love of Jeſus Chriſt, the gyft Graces. of the holye Ghoſt, and hope of the crowne of martyrdome, greatlye mytygated the payne in Blandina. So ded thoſe iii. worthye graces, the terrour of all tormentes in Anne Aſkewe. The ſtronge sprete 17 ★1r 9 ſprete of Chriſt gave ſtomack to Blandina, both to laugh and daunce. The ſame myghtye ſprete (; not the popes deſperate ſprete) made Anne Aſkewe both to rejoyce Sprete. and ſynge in the preſon. So bolde was Blandina (ſayth Euſebius) that with a preſumpcyōon of ſtomack ſhe cōommoved with Chriſt unſeane. I ſuppoſe Anne Aſkewes lattre examynacyōon, wyll ſhewe Hygh ſtomacke. her, not to do moche leſſe. Gentyll was Blāandina to the chriſtēen belevers, & terryble to their adverſaryes. So was Anne Aſkewe verye lowlye to true teachers, but ſcornefull and hygh ſtomaked to the enemyes of truthe. Manye were converted by the ſufferaunce of Blandina. A farre greatter nombre by the burnynge of Anne Aſkewe. Though Blandina were Mother. yonge, yet was ſhe called the mother of martyrs. Manye men have ſuppoſed Anne Aſkewe. for her Chriſten conſtancye to be no leſſe. Blandina prayed for her perſecuters. So ded Anne Aſkewe moſt ferventlye. The aſhes of Blandina Aſhes. and of other martyrs, were throwne into the flood of Rhodanus. What was done with the Aſhes of Anne Aſkewe ; her companyons, I can not yet tell.

All 18 ★1v

All theſe former reportes of Blandina and manye more beſydes, hath Euſebius in Eccleſiaſtica hiſtoria, libro 5. Tutors. cap.1.2. & 3. Hugo Floriacenſis, Hermannus Contractus, Vincentius, Antoninus, Petrus Equilinus, and other hyſtoryanes more. And as touchynge Anne Aſkewe, theſe ii. examynacyons, with her other knowne handelynges in Englande, are wytneſſes for her ſuffycyent. Not all dead. Thus hath not the fyre taken Anne Aſkewe all whole from the worlde, but left her here unto it more pure, perfyght, ; precyouſe than afore, as it wyll alſo Johan Laſſels within ſhort ſpace. So that concernynge her, it maye wele be ſayd, that Paule verefyeth, 2. Cor. 12. The ſtrength of God is here made perfyght by weakeneſſe. Whan ſhe ſemed moſt feble, Weakeneſſe. than was ſhe moſt ſtrōonge. And gladlye ſhe rejoyced in that weakeneſſe, that Chriſtes power myght ſtrongelye dwell in her. Thus choſeth the lorde, the folyſh of thys worlde to confounde the wyſe, ; the weake to deface the myghtye. Yea, thynges deſpyſed & thought verye vyle, to brynge thynges unto nought whych the worlde hath in moſt hyght reputacycyon. 19 ★2r 10 cyōon. I thynke yf thys martyr were ryghtlye conferred, with thoſe canonyſed martyrs, whych have had, and yet hath ſtyll, ſenſynges and ſyngynges, maſſynges ; Martyrs ryngynges īin the popes Englyſh churche, cauſe with cauſe and reaſon with reaſon (as haplye here after they ſhall) ſhe ſhuld be a great blemyſh unto them. An example of ſtronge ſufferaunce myght thys holye martyr be, unto all them that Example the lorde ſhall after lyke maner put forewarde in thys horryble furye of Antichriſt, to the glorye of hys perſecuted churche. Amen.

A table compendyouſe of thys firſt boke.

  • Age of Anne Aſkewe, pre.5
  • Algerus a monke, 9
  • Anne Aſkewes lyfe, pre.6
  • Anne Aſkewes iii. companyons, pre.5. 7.
  • Anne Aſkewe, not all dead, pre.9
  • Antichriſtes workynges 25
  • Antiochus brent ſcriptures, pre.5, 22
  • Archedeacon of London, 21
  • Arnoldus Boſtius 26
  • Artycles of the popes fayth. 35. 36 ★ij Barnes 20 ★2v
  • Barnes and Tyndale, pre.3
  • Beaſtes eate the preſtes God, 14
  • Bedas prophecye, pre.2. 8
  • Beleve in preſtes lecherye 36
  • Blandina with Anne Aſkewe, pre.7. 8. 9
  • Bokes condēempned & brent. pre.5. 22. 43
  • Bokes not yet anſwered, 42
  • Bokes of Johan Wycleve, pre.6
  • Bonner a craftye wolfe, 18. 29. 42
  • Bonner playeth the foxe 18. 19. 20. 22
  • Bonner a falſe ſurgeon, 24
  • Boxers of their God, 26
  • Breade in a boxe 26
  • Cayphas of London, 22. 23. 25. 29
  • Catholick, not eſtemed, 38. 39
  • Chauncellour of London, 10. 16. 30
  • Chriſtes dyvynyte, 9
  • Chriſt judged an heretyke, 25
  • Comparyſon of Blandina, pre.7. 8. 9
  • Counſels for recantynge, pre.7
  • Crome and Shaxton, pre.7
  • Delayes of delyveraunce, 40
  • Doctryne of the ſupper, 4
  • Dogges Rhetoryck, 32
  • Dronkenneſſe of preſtes, 14
  • Druydes, are pagane preſtes, 7. 30
  • Eatynge dyverſe, 4
  • Englyſh women lerned, 11
  • Englande 21 ★3r
  • Englande, all for the pope, 30
  • Eva, an Ankoraſſe, 26
  • Examynacyons written, pre.5. 6
  • Fayth of the fathers, pre.3
  • Fayth of the pope, 36
  • Feaſt of Corpus Chriſti, 26
  • Fyre, taketh not all awaye, pre.9
  • Foreronners of Chriſt, pre.2. 3
  • Fryres, for their Maſſe 30
  • Germanes, rayled on, 43
  • God a ſprete & no breade, pre,7. 14
  • God falleth & is eaten, 14
  • God in the boxe, 26
  • Guimundus Averſanus, 9
  • Hawkynge of Byſhoppes, 20
  • Helias ſprete in our age, pre.2. 3
  • Henrye Spenser, warreth, 29
  • Hereſye is Chriſtes doctryne, 25
  • Hieremyes prophecye brent, pre.5 22
  • Hilda, a woman lerned, 11
  • Hyſtoryanes dyverſe, pre.9
  • Hypocrytes reſyſted, 45. 46
  • Hoſt, a God of the papyſtes, 14
  • James the apoſtle, pre.4
  • Idolaters without wytt, 14
  • Ignoraunt magiſtrates, 8
  • In Godſtede, 28
  • Joakim brent ſcriptures, pre.5. 22 ★iij Iohan 22 ★3v
  • Johan Baptyſt, great, pre.3. 4
  • Johan wycleves bokes, pre.6
  • Johan wycleve dyſputeth, 30
  • Johan wycleve and huſs, 45
  • Johan frith offendeth, 21
  • Johan Laſſels martyred pre.3. 7
  • Israelytes converted, pre.2
  • Judas ſent to betraye, 12. 21. 25
  • Kynge, to be honoured, 46
  • Kynges godlye enterpryſe, 5. 42
  • Kynges, in Gods cauſe reſyſted 45
  • Kingedom of the pope, 46. 43
  • Lecherye honoured, 36
  • Legendes and hyſtoryes, pre.4
  • Lordeſhyppes of the clergye 33. 35
  • Manne wounded, 7. 24. 26
  • Marryage of preſtes, 35. 39
  • Martyrs of the pope, pre.4
  • Martyrs hallowed and ſenſed, pre.9
  • Maſſe, is not of fayth, 3. 36
  • Maſſe is no good worke, 7
  • Maſſe, a mammetrouſe Mazon, 21
  • Maſſes pryvate & common, 6. 30
  • Myce howſeled of papyſtes, 9
  • Myracles loked for, pre.4. 5
  • Mouſe eateth God, 8
  • Newe martyrs of Chriſt, pre.3. 4
  • Newe artycles of fayth, 36
  • Newe 23 ★4r
  • Newe ſayntes of the pope, pre.4
  • Nobylyte, wherof it ryſeth, pre.6
  • No felde yet gotten, 42
  • No ſuertyes for Chriſt, 12
  • Objeccyon of papyſtes, pre.4
  • Obeye and praye, 45
  • Offence of preſtes daungerouſe, 17
  • Order of popyſh ſcoles, 14. 15
  • Peryn, a foxiſh fryre, 8. 14. 30. 43
  • Peryn howſeleth a mouſe, 9, 14
  • Peryns iii. ſermons, 43. 44
  • Peryn, the popes ape, 44
  • Practyſe of preſtes, 13. 18. 22. 28. 40, 41. 42
  • Preſtes mynyſtracyon in synne, 4. 25.
  • Preſtes are tempters, 6. 12. 24
  • Preſtes maſſe helpeth not, 7
  • Preſtes of Lyncolne, 33. 34
  • Pryvate maſſes, 6. 30
  • Quarellynges of papyſtes, 32. 38
  • Queſtyon verye beaſtyſh, 14. 29
  • Queſtmonger for antichriſt, 3. 5. 25. 28
  • Racked was Anne Aſkewe, pre.8
  • Reallye, is not of beleve, 2
  • Renyers of Chriſt, pre.7
  • Receyvynge of the preſt, 7
  • Rocheſtre and More pre.4
  • Sacrament, what it is, 2
  • Sampſon and Wyncheſtre, 43 Scripture
  • 24 ★4v
  • Scripture judged hereſye, 27.28
  • Shaxton and Crome, pre.7. 8
  • Sylence for the pope, 43
  • Standyſh a blaſphemouſe papyſt, 31
  • Steven done to deathe, pre.4
  • Temples God dwelleth not in, 28
  • Temptacyōons of Bōonner, 21. 22. 23. 31
  • Thomas walden a fryre, 9
  • Thomas More and Rocheſtre pre.4
  • Tyndale and Barnes, pre.3
  • Tytles of Wycleves bokes, pre.6
  • Veryte demed hereſye, 25
  • Vypers whelpes, 30
  • Unſuffycyent make they Chriſt, 37
  • Walter Hunte, a doctor 21
  • Whoredome is honoured 36
  • Whye Chriſt is renyed, pre.7
  • Wyncheſtres mouſe howſeled, 8. 14
  • Wyncheſtre and Sampſon 43
  • Wyncheſtre the popes beare 44
  • Wyncheſtre at Utrecht 44
  • Wyttes ſoft and tendre 44
  • Women lerned 10
  • Wryſleye and Ryche 8

God ſave the kynge.

1 A1r 1

The firſt examinacion of the worthye ſervaunt of God maſtres Anne Aſkewe the yōonger doughter of Sir Wyllyam Aſkewe knyght of lyncolne ſhyre / latelye martyred in Smithfelde. by the Romyſh popes upholders.

The cenſure or judgem ēent of Johan Bale therupon, after the ſacred Scriptures and Chronycles.

Of no leſſe Chriſten conſtancie was thys faythfull wytneſſe and holye martyr of God, Anne Aſkewe, nor no leſſe a faſt membre of Chriſt by her myghtye perſyſtēence in hys veryte at thys tyme of myſchefe, than was the afore named Blandina in the prymatyve churche.A che. 2 A1v che. Thys ſhall wele apere in her ii. examynacyons or tyrannouuſe handelynges here folowynge, whome ſhe wrote with her owne hāande, at the inſtāant deſyre of ſirten faythfull men and womēen, yea rather at the ſecrete mocyon of God, that the truth theroff myght be knowne the worlde over. As within ſhort ſpace yt wyll be, yf the latyne ſpeche can cayrye yt. Marke wele the cōommunycacyōons here both of her Spretes and of her examyners, ſo provynge their spretes as S. Johan the Apoſtle geveth yow counſell. 1.Io.4. And than ſhall ye knowe the tree by his frute, and the man by hys worke.

Anne Aſkewe.

To ſatisfie your expectatiōon, good people (ſayth ſhe) this was my firſt examynacyon in 1545-03the yeare of oure Lorde M.D. xlv and in the moneth of Marche, firſt Chriſtofer dare examyned Chriſtofer dare. me at Sadlers hall, beynge one of the queſt, and aſked yf I ded not beleve that the ſacrament hangynge over the aultre was the 3 A2r 2 the verye bodye of Chriſt reallye. Then I demaunded thys queſtyon of hym, wherfore S. Steven was ſtoned to deathe? And he ſayd, he coulde not tell. Then I anſwered, that no more wolde I aſſoyle hys vayne queſtyon.

Johan Bale.

A ſacrament (ſayth Saynt Auguſtyne) ys a ſygne, ſhappe, or ſymylytode of that yt repreſentyth, and no God nor yet thynge repreſented. Thys worde reall or reallye, ys not of beleve, for yt ys not Reallye. in all the ſacred ſcriptures. Onlye ys yt ſophyſtycallye borowed of the paganes lernynge by wyncheſtre & hys fellawes, to corrupt our Chriſten faythe. Beware of that fylthye poyſon. The perfyght beleve of Steven, Actorum vii. of Paule Act.17. and of Salomon, 31.Regum 8. et 2.Parali.6. was, that God dwelleth not in temples made with handes. Agreable unto thys was the faythe of thys godlye woman, whych neyther coulde beleve that he dwelleth in the boxe. God The boxe ſayth, Eſaie lxvi. Heaven is my ſeate, A ij not 4 A2v not the boxe. David ſayth, Pſalm.113. oure God is in heaven, not in the pixt. Chriſt taught us to ſaye, whāan we praye, Matth.6.Luce 11, our father which art in heaven, and not our father which art in the boxe. Now diſcerne and judge.

Anne Aſkewe.

Secondly he ſayd, that there was a woman, whych ded teſtyfye, Temples. that I ſhuld reade, how God was not in temples made with handes. Then I ſhewed hym the vii. and the xvii. chaptre of the Apoſtles actes, what Steven & Paule had ſayd therin. Wherupon he aſked me, how I toke thoſe ſentēences? I anſwered, that I wolde not throwe pearles amonge ſwyne, for acornes were good ynough.

Johan Bale.

An ignoraūunt woman, yea a beaſt with out faythe, ys herin allowed to judge the holye ſcriptures hereſye, and agaynſt all good lawes admitted to accuſe thys godlye 5 A3r 3 godlye woman the ſervaūunt of Chriſt, for Accuſers. an haynouſe heretyke, for the onlye readinge of them. As perverſe and blaſphemouſe was thys qweſtmonger as ſhe, ; as beaſtlye ignoraūunt in the doctryne of helthe, yet is neyther of them judged yll of the worlde, but the one permitted to accuſe thys true membre of Chriſt, and the other to cōondempne her. Wherfor her anſwere out of the vii. chaptre of Matthew, was moſt fytt for them. For they are no better than ſwyne, that ſo contempne the precyouſe treaſure of the Goſpell, for the myre of mennys tradycyons.

Anne Aſkewe.

Thirdly he aſked me, wherfor I ſayd, that I had rather to reade fyve lynes in the Bible, than to heare fyve maſſes in Maſſes the temple. I confeſſed, that I ſayd no leſſe. Not for the dyſprayſe of eyther the Epiſtle or Goſpell. But by cauſe the one ded greatlye edyfye me, & the other nothinge at all. As ſaynt Paule doth witneſſe in the xiiii Aiij chaptre 6 A3v chaptre of hys firſt Epiſtle to the Corinthes, where as he doth ſaye. If the trumpe geveth an uncertayne ſounde, who wyll prepare hymſelfe to the battayle?

Johan Bale.

A commaundement hath Chriſt geven us, to ſerche the holye ſcriptures, Iohan.5. for in them onlye is the lyfe eternall. Bleſſed is he (ſayth Chriſt unto Johan) whych readeth and heareth the wordes of thys prophecye, Apo.1. But of the latyne popyſh maſſe, is not one worde in all the Byble, and therfor it perteyneth not to faythe. A ſtrayght cōommaundemēent have almyghtye God geven, Deutro.12. Gods worde. that nothynge be added to hys worde, nor yet taken from it. Put thu nothynge unto his wordes (ſaith Salomon, Prov.30.) leaſt thu be foūunde in ſo doynge, a reprobate perſone and a lyar. S. Paule wylled nothynge to be uttered in a dead ſpeche. 1.Corin.14. (as are your maſſe and mattens) but ſylence alwayes to be in the congregacyons, where as is no interpretour, for fyve wordes (ſayth he) avayleth more 7 A4r 4 more to underſtāandynge, than x. thouſande wordes with the tonge. Thys proveth tēemple ſervyce of the papyſtes all the yeare, to be worth nothynge.

Anne Aſkewe.

Fortlye he layed unto my charge, The prest that I ſhuld ſaye, If an yll preſt mynyſtred, it was the devyll and not God. My anſwere was, that I never ſpake ſoche thynge. But thys was my sayenge, That what ſo ever he were, whych mynyſtred unto me, hys yll condycyons coulde not hurte my faythe. But in ſprete I receyved never the leſſe, the bodye and bloude off Chriſt.

Johan Bale.

Chriſt ſayth, Ioan.6. Have not I choſen yow xii. and yet one of yow is a devyll, meanynge Judas that falſe & unfaythfull Judas. preſt. No leſſe ſayth Peter. 2.Pet.2. of thoſe lyēenge curates, by whome the truthe is blaſphemed, and the people made Aiiij mer- 8 A4v merchaundyce of in their covetouſneſſe. If the yll frute than, be all one with the yll tree in noughtyneſſe, the worke of a devyll muſt be devylyſh. God ſayd unto the wycked preſtes, Eſa. i. Hier.6. Amos 5. and Mala.2. that he abhorred their Sacryfyces. ſacryfyces, and alſo hated them, even at the verye hart, wyllynge both heaven ; earthe to marke it. Into Judas entered Sathan, after the ſoppe was gevēen hym, Ioāan.13. where as the other Apoſtles receyved the bodye and bloude of Chriſt. The table was all one to them both, ſo was the breade which their mouthes receyved. The inwarde receyvynges than in Peter and in Judas, made all the dyverſyte, whych was beleve and unbeleve, or faythe and unfaythfulneſſe, as Chriſt The vi. of Johan. largelye declareth in the vi. of Johan, where as he ſhewed afore hande, the full doctryne of that myſtycall ſupper. Onlye he that beleveth, hath there the promes of the lyfe everlaſtinge, and not he that eateth the materyall breade. Of God are they taught, and not of men, whych trulye underſtande thys doctryne.

Anne Aſkewe.

Fiftlye 9 A5r 5

Fiftly he aſked me, what I ſayd cōoncernynge confeſſion? I Cōonfeſſion anſwered hym my meanynge, whych was as Saynt James ſayth, that everye man ought to acknowlege hys fautes to other, & the one to praye for the other.

Johan Bale.

Thys cōonfeſſyon onlye do, the ſcripture appoynt us, Iac.5. as we have offended our neyber: But yf we have offēended God, we muſt ſorowfullye acknowlege it before hym—And he (ſayth Saynt Iohan,1.) Iohan.1. hath faythfullye promyſed to forgeve us our ſynnes, yf we ſo do, and to clenſe us from all unryghtouſneſſe. If the lawe of truthe be in the preſtes mouthe, Preſtes. he ys to be ſought unto for godlye coūunſell, Mala.2. But yf he be a blaſphemouſe hypocryte or ſuperſtycyouſe fole, he ys to be ſhourned as a moſt peſtilēent poyſon.

Anne Aſkewe.

Sixtly he aſked me, what I ſayd to the kynges boke? And The kynges boke. I anſwered hym, that I coulde Av ſaye 10 A5v ſaye nothynge to it, bycauſe I never ſawe it.

Johan Bale.

All craftye wayes poſſyble, ſought thys quarellynge qweſtmonger, or els the devyll in hym, to brynge thys poore innocent lambe to the ſlaughter place of Antichriſt. Moche after thys ſort ſought the Pharyſees. wycked Pharyſees by ſertēen of their owne faccyon or hyered ſatellytes with the Herodyanes, to brynge Chriſt in daunger of Ceſar, & ſo to have hym ſlayne, Mat. 22. Mar.12. Luce 21.

Anne Aſkewe.

Seventhly he aſked me, if I had the ſprete of God in me: I anſwered if I had not, I was but a reprobate or caſt awaye.

Johan Bale.

Electe are we of God (ſayth Peter) through the ſanctyfyenge of the ſprete. i. Petri.i. In everye true Chriſten belever dwelleth the ſprete of God. Io.14. Their The ſprete. ſowles are the ſanctyfyed temples of the holye Ghoſt. 1.Corin.3. He that hath not the ſprete of Chriſt (ſayth Paule) is non of Chriſtes, Roma.8. To them is the holyelye 11 A6r 6 lye Ghoſt gevēen, whych heareth the Goſpell and beleveth it, and not unto them whych wyll be juſtyfyed by their workes. Gala.2. All theſe worthye ſcryptures cōonfirme her ſaynge.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then he ſayd, he had ſent for a preſt to examyne me, whych was there at hāande. The preſt aſked Ap: me, what I ſayd to the Sacram ēent of ye aultre: & requyred moche to knowe therin my meaninge. But I deſyred hym agayne, to holde me excuſed concernynge that matter. Non other anſwere wolde I make hym, becauſe I perceyved hym a papyſt.

Johan Bale.

Mockynge preſtes (ſayth Eſaye) hath Mockers. rule of the lordes people. Whoſe voyces are in their drūunckenneſſe. Byd that maye be bydden, forbyd that maye be forbyddēen, kepe backe that maye be kept backe, here a lyttle and there a lyttle. Eſaie xxviii. A plage ſhal come upon theſe, for why, they have chaunged the ordynaunces, and made the everlaſtinge teſtament12 A6v of nōon effect, Eſa.24. They witholde (ſayth S. Paule) the veryte of God in unryghtouſneſſe, Roma.1. They brede A ſerpēent ryſeth. cockatryce egges (ſayth Eſaye) and weve the ſpyders webbe. Who ſo eateth of their egges, dyeth. But if one treadeth upon them, there cometh up a ſerpent, Eſaie 59.

Anne Aſkewe.

Eyghtly he aſked me, if I ded not thynke, that pryvate maſſes ded helpe ſowles departed. And I ſayd, it was great Idololatrye to beleve more in thēem, than in the deathe whych Chriſt dyed for us.

Johan Bale.

Here, ryſeth the ſerpent of the cockatryce egges, worckemāanlye to fulfyll the afore Maſſes pryvate. alleged prophecye. If their Maſſes had bene of Gods creacyon, ordynaunce or commaundement, or if they had bene in anye poynt neceſſarye for mannys behove, they had bene regeſtred in the boke of lyfe, whych is the ſacred Byble. But therin is, neither mencyon of Maſſe pryvateuate 13 A7r 7 vate nor publyque, ſeverall nor commen, syngle nor double, hygh nor lowe, by fote not on horſebacke, or by note as they call it. If they be thynges added by mannys invencyon (as they can be non other, not beynge there named) thāan am I ſure that the ſcriptures call them fylthyneſſe, ruſt, chaffe, draffe, ſwylle, dronckēenneſſe, fornycacyon, mēenſtrue, mannys dyrt, adders egges, poyſon, ſnares, the breade of wycked lyes, and the cuppe of Gods curſe. Their orygynall grounde ſhulde ſeme to be taken Druydes. of the Druydes or pagane Preſtes, whych inhabyted thys realme longe afore Chriſtes incarnacyon, and had than practyſed ſacryfyces publyque and pryvate. Loke Cornelius Tacitus, Caius Julius, Plinius, Strabo, & ſoch other authours. That name of pryvacyon added unto their Maſſe, clerelye depryveth it of Chriſten communyon, where one man eateth up all, & dyſtrybuteth nothynge.

How ſoche ware ſhulde helpe the ſowles For ſowles. departed, I can not tell. But wele I wote, that the woūunded man betwixt Hieruſal ēem and Hierico, had no helpe of thēem, Luce 10. The Samarytane whych was rekened but a pagane amōonge them, was his 14 A7v hys onlye cōomfort. In the moſt popyſh tyme was never more horryble blaſphemye, than thys is. Thys wyckedneſſe impugneth all the promyſes of God concernynge faythe and remyſſyon of ſynnes. It repugneth alſo to the whole doctryne of the Goſpell. The applycacyōon of Chriſtes ſupper, avayleth them onlye that be alyve, takynge, eatynge, and drynkynge that is The preſtes receyvynge. therin mynyſtered. Nomore can the preſtes receyvynge of that ſacrament profyght an other man, thāan can hys receyvynge of Baptyſme or of penaunce, as they call it. If it profyteth not the qwyck, how can it profyght the dead? No ſacrifyce is the Maſſe, nor yet good worke, but a blaſphemouſe prophanacyōon of the Lordes holye ſupper, a manyfeſt wyckedneſſe, an horryble Idololatrye, and a fowle abhomynacyon, beynge thus a ryte of worſhyppynge without the worde, yea agaynſt the expreſſe worde of God.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then they had me frōom thens, Mayre. unto my lorde Mayre. And he examyned me, as they had before, and I anſwered hym dyrectlyerectlye 15 A8r 8 rectlye in all thynges, as I anſwered the qweſte afore.

Johan Bale.

After thys ſort was Chriſt ledde from the examinacyon of the clergye to Pylate, Matth.17. In that the examynacyon of the qweſte and of the Mayre was all one, ye maye wele knowe that they had both one ſcole maſtre, even the brutyſh byſhopp of London. The ignoraunt magyſtrates Bonner. of Englāande wyll neyther be godlye wyſe with David & Salomōon, nor yet enbrace the erneſt inſtruccyons of God, to be lerned in the ſcriptures, Pſa.2. Sapi ēen.6. but ſtyll be wycked mynyſters, and cruell ſervaunt ſlaves to Antichriſt and the devyll, Apoc.17. More fyt are ſoche Ignoraūunce. wytleſſe mayres and graceleſſe offycers, as knoweth not whyght from blacke, ; lyght frōom darkneſſe. Eſa.5. to fede ſwyne or to kepe kaddowes, than to rule a chriſten commynalte. A terryble daye abydeth them, whych thus ordereth the innocent. Iaco.2.

Anne Aſkewe.

Beſydes thys my lorde mayre layed one thynge unto my charge, 16 A8v charge, which was never ſpokēen of me, but of them. And that was, whether a mouſe eatynge the hoſte, receyved God or no? Thys queſtyon ded I never aſke, but in dede they aſked it of me, wherunto I made them no anſwere, but ſmyled.

Johan Bale.

Is not here (thynke yow) wele faverd ; wele faſhyoned dyvynyte, to eſtablyſh an artycle of the Chriſten faythe? Wylye Wyncheſtre. wyncheſtre anſwereth thys queſtyon as folyſh as it is, in hys wyſe detectyōon of the devyls ſophyſtrye, fo. 16. Beleve (ſayth he) that a mouſe can not devoure God. Yet reporteth he after, in fo.21. that Chriſtes bodye maye as wele dwell in a mouſe as it ded in Judas. Than foloweth fryre Peryn. fynke, fryre Peryn I ſhuld ſaye, a bachelar of the ſame ſcole. And he anſwereth in the ende of hys thirde ſermon, that the Sacrament eaten of a mouſe, is the verye and reall bodye of Chriſt. And whan he hath affermed it to be no derogacyon to Chriſtes preſens, to lye in the mawe 17 B1r 9 mawe of that mouſe. He devydeth me Diuiſio the one from the other, the ſacramēent frōom Chriſtes bodye, cōoncludinge. That though the ſacrament be digeſted in the mouſes mawe, yet ys not Chriſtes bodye there cōonſumed. O blaſphemouſe beaſtes, & blynde bloderynge Balaamytes.

Bycauſe theſe ii. workemen be ſcant wyttye in their owne occupacyon, I ſhal brynge them forth here ii. olde artyfycers of theirs to helpe thēem, Guimundus Averſanus Guimundus. Waldenus, a byſhopp, to helpe byſhopp Steven, & Thomas walden a fryre, to helpe fryre Peryn. The ſacramentes (ſaye they both) are not eaten of myce, though they ſeme ſo to be in the exteryour ſymylytudes. For the vertues (ſayth Guimundus) of holye men, are not eaten of beaſtes, whan they are eaten of them, li.2. de corpore & ſanguine domini. No marrye (quoth walden) nomore is the paynters occupacyon deſtroyed, whan a picture is deſtroyed. Marke thys gere for your lernynge. But now cometh Algerus a monke, more Algerus. craftye than they both, and he ſayth li.2 cap.1. de Euchariſtia, that as wele is thys meate ſpirytuall, as materyall, becauſe David calleth it the breade of Angels,B gels, 18 B1v gels, and a breade from heaven, Pſa.77. That whych is materyall in thys breade (ſayth he) is conſumed by dygeſtyon, but that whych is ſpirytuall remayneth uncorrupted.

If we wolde attende wele unto Chriſtes dyvynyte, and lete theſe oyled dyvynes dyſpute amonge olde Goſſypes, we ſhuld ſone dyſcharge myce and rattes, weake ſtomakes and parbreaking dronkardes, of a farre other ſort thāan thus, he Chriſtus. that eateth my fleſhe (ſayth Chriſt Io.6.( and dryncketh my bloude, dwelleth in me ; I in hym. Thys eatynge is all one with the dwellynge, & is neyther for myce nor rattes, brent chauncels not dronken preſtes. For as we eate we dwell, and as we dwell we eate, by a graunded and perfyght faythe in hym. The ſubſtaunce of that moſt godlye refeccyon lyeth not in the mouth eatynge nor yet in the bellye feadynge, though they be neceſſarye, but in the onlye ſpirytuall or ſowle eatynge. No wyſe man wyll thynke, that Chriſt Faythe. wyll dwell in a mouſe, nor yet that a mouſe can dwell in Chriſt, though it be the doctryne of theſe doughtye dowſepers,pers, 19 B2r 10 pers, for they ſhall fynde no ſcriptures for it. If theſe men were not enemyes to faythe and fryndes to Idolatrye, they wolde never teache ſoche fylthye lernynge. More of thys ſhall I wryte (God Nota. wyllynge) in the anſwere of their bokes.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then the Byſhoppes chaunceller rebuked me, & ſayd, that I was moche to blame for utterynge the ſcriptures. For S. Paule (he ſayd) forbode women Women. to ſpeake or to talke of the worde of God. I anſwered hym, that I knewe Paules meanynge ſo well as he, whych is, j. Corinthiorum xiiii, that a woman ought not to ſpeake in the congregacyon by the waye of teachynge. And then I aſked hym, how manye women he had ſeane, go into the pulpett and preache. He ſayde, he never Bij sawe 20 B2v ſawe non. Then I ſayd, he ought to fynde no faute in poore women, except they had offended the lawe.

Johan Bale.

Plēenteouſe ynough is her anſwere here, unto thys quarellynge, and (as apereth) unlerned chancellour. Manye godlye women Scripture women. both in the olde lawe and the newe, were lerned in the ſcriptures, and made utteraūunce of thēem to the glorye of God. As we reade of Heliſabeth, Marye, and Anna the wydowe, Lu.1.; 2. yet were they not rebuked for it. yea, Marye Chriſtes mother retayned all, that was afterwarde written of hym, Luc.2. yet was it not imputed unto her an offence. Chriſt blamed not the woman that cryed whyls Women he was in preachynge, happye is the wombe that bare the, Luce 11. The women whych gave knowlege to hys dyſcyples, that he was ryſen from deathe to lyfe, dyſcomfyted not he, but ſolaced them with hys moſt gloryouſe aperaūunce. Mat. 28. Io.20. In the prymatyve churche, ſpecyallye in Saynt Hieromes tyme, was it a great prayſe unto women to be lerned in the 21 B3r in the ſcriptures. Great commendacyōons geveth our Englyſh Cronycles to Helena Englyſh women , Urſula, and Hilda, women of our nacyon, for beynge lerned alſo in the ſcriptures. Soche a woman was the ſeyd Hilda, as openlye dyſputed in them agaynſt the ſuperſtycyons of certen byſhoppes. But thys chancellour by like, chaunced upon that blynde popyſh worke whych Walter Hunte a whyte fryre, wrote iiii. Walter hunte. ſcore yeares a go, Contra doctrices mulieres, agaynſt ſcole women, or els ſome otherlyke blynde Romyſh beggeryes.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then my Lorde mayre commaunded Preſon. me to warde. I aſked hym, if ſuretees wolde not ſerve me, And he made me ſhort anſwere, that he wolde take non. Then was I had to the Coūuntre, and there remayned xii. dayes, no frynde admytted to ſpeake with me.

Johan Bale.

Here is Chriſt yet troden on the hele, Christ tro d dēen on the hele. by that wycked ſerpent whych tempted B iij Eua. 22 B3v Eva. Gene.3. Hys faythfull membre for belevynge in hym, is here throwne in preſon. And no marvele, for it was hys owne promes, ye ſhall be brought before rulers ; debytees (ſayth he) for my truthes ſake Mat.x ye ſhall be betrayed of your owne nacyon and kyndred, & ſo throwne in preſon, Luc. 21. If they have perſecuted me, thynke not but they wyll alſo perſecute yow, Io.15. Thys ſerpēent is agayne becomēen the prynce of thys worlde, & holdeth the governers therof captyve, Io.14. Suertees wolde have bene taken for a thefe or a mourtherer, but not for Chriſtes mēembre, the byſhoppes chaūuncellour beynge at hāande, nor yet her fryndes permytted to confort her.

Anne Aſkewe.

A preſt. But in the meane tyme there was a preſt ſent to me, whych ſayd that he was cōommaūunded of the byſhopp to examyne me, ; to geve me good coūunſell, whych he ded not But firſt he aſked me for what cauſe I was put in the Coūunter: And I tolde hym I coulde not tell. Then he ſayd, it was great 23 B4r 12 great pytie that I ſhulde be there without cauſe, and cōoncluded that he was verye ſorye for me.

Johan Bale.

O temptacyon of Sathan. Chriſt beynge in the ſolitarye wylderneſſe alone, was after thys flatterynge ſort aſſaulted firſt of hys enemye, Matt.4. Thys Judas was Judas. ſent afore to geve a fryndelye kyſſe, the more depelye to trappe the innocēent in ſnare. But Gods wyſdome made her to perceyve what he was. A falſe prophete is ſone knowne by hys frutes, amonge them that are godlye wyſe. Mat.7. She conſydered with Salomon, that more to profyght are the ſtrypes of a frynde, thāan the fraudolent kyſſes of a deceytfull enemye, Proverb.27.

Anne Aſkewe.

Secondly he ſayd, it was tolde hym, that I ſhuld dennye the ſacram The Sacrament. ēent of the aultre. And I anſwered hym agayne, that that I had ſayd, I had ſayd.

Johan Bale.

In thys brefe anſwere, ſhe remēembred SalomBiiij lomons 24 B4v lomōons coūunſell, Anſwere not a fole, all after hys folyſhneſſe. Be ware of thēem (ſayth Chriſt) whych come in ſhepes clothynge, for inwardlye they are moſt ravenynge wolves, Mat.7. God deſtroyeth the craftes of the wycked (ſayth Job) ſo that they are not, hable to perfourme that they take in hande. Iob 5

Anne Aſkewe.

Thirdly he aſked me, if I were ſhryven, I tolde hym no. Then he ſayd, he wolde brynge one to me, for to ſhryve me. And I tolde Shriffte. hym, ſo that I myght have one of theſe iii. that is to ſaye, doctor Crome, ſyr Gyllam, or Huntyngton, I was contented, bycauſe I knewe them to be men of wyſdome. As for yow or anye other, I wyll not dyſprayſe, bycauſe I knowe ye not. Then he ſayd, I wolde not have yow thynke, but that I or an other that ſhall be brought yow, ſhall be as honeſt as they. For if we were 25 B5r 13 were not, ye maye be ſure, the Kynge wolde not ſuffer us to preache. Thēen I anſwered by the Prechers. ſaynge of Salomon. By commonynge with the wyſe, I maye lerne wyſdome, but by talkynge with a fole, I ſhall take ſkathe, Prover.i.

Johan Bale.

Se how thys adverſarye cōompaſeth lyke a ravenynge lyon, to devoure thys lambe 1.Pet. 5. Now tempteth he her with Cōonfeſſyon, Confeſſyōon whych hath bene ſoche a bayte of theirs, as hath brought into their nettes and ſnares the myghtyeſt prynces of the worlde, both kynges and emprours. Se here if they leave anye ſubtylte unſought, to obtayne their praye. He reckened by thys to wynne hys purpoſe, which waye ſo ever ſhe had taken. If ſhe had Practyſe bene confeſſed to hym, he had knowne whych waye ſhe had bene bent. If ſhe had utterlye refuſed confeſſyon, he had more matter to accuſe her of. O ſubtyle ſede of the ſerpēent. Thys part played your olde generacyon the Pharyſees and preſtesBv tes 26 B5v tes with Chriſt, to brynge hym in daūunger of the lawe, Mat.22. & Io.8. No Chriſtēen erudycyon bryngeth thys preſt, nor yet Hypocryte good counſels of the ſcripture. But as Eſaye ſayth. The hypocryte ymagyneth abhomynacyon agaynſt God, to famyſh the hungrye, and witholde drynke from the thirſtye. Yet ſhall not the eyes of the ſeynge be dymme, nor the eares of the hearynge be deffe, Eſa.32. If the kynge Prechers admyt ſoche preachers (as I can not thynke it) a ſore plage remayneth both to hym and to hys people.

Anne Aſkewe.

The hoſt.

Fortly he aſked me, if the hoſt ſhuld fall, and a beaſt ded eate it, whether the beaſt ded receyve God or no? I anſwered, Seynge ye have taken the paynes to aſke thys queſtyon, I deſyre yow alſo to take ſo moche payne more, as to aſſoyle it your ſelfe. For I wyll not do it, bycauſe I perceyve ye come to tēempte me. And he ſayd, it was agaynſtynſt 27 B6r 14 ynſt the ordre of ſcoles, that he whych aſked the queſtyon, ſhuld anſwere it. I tolde hym, I was but a woman, & knewe not the courſe of ſcoles.

Johan Bale.

Beaſtlye was that queſtyon, and of a more beaſtlye brayne propouned to thys womāan. Lyttle nede ſhall other men have to manyfeſt their blaſphemouſe folyes, whan they do it ſo playnelye their ſelves. Who ever hearde afore, that their hoſt A fallynge God. was a God, and myght fall, and be eaten of a beaſt, tyll they now ſo beaſtlye tolde the tale? Though Saynt Paule, where as it is ryghtlye mynyſtred, doth call it the bodye of the Lorde. i.Corin.11. Yet doth he not call it a God. Though Chriſt ſayth, Thys is my bodye, Matth. 26. Marci 14. Luce 22. yet ſayth he not thys is a God. For God is a ſprete, and no body, Ioannis 4. Where God is eaten, it is of the ſprete, and neyther of mouſe nor ratte, as Wyncheſtre and Peryn Wyncheſtre. Peryn. , with other lyke popyſh heretykes have taught now of late by their owne hande wrytynges. Oure God is in heauen 28 B6v heaven, and cannot fall nor yet be eaten of beaſtes. If they have ſoche a God, as maye both fall, and ſo be eaten, as thys preſt here confeſſeth, it is ſome falſe or An Idoll counterfett God of their owne makynge. I he maye putryfye or be conſumed of wormes, moule, ruſt, beaſt, or fyre, Baruch ſayth, it is an Idoll, & no God. Baruch 6.

Theſe witleſſe ydolatours have no grace in thys age, to hyde their olde legerdemaynes. They fare lyke thoſe dronken Goſſypes, whych tell more than all, whāan Lyke olde Goſſyppes. their heades be full of wele gyngerdeale. The proude crowne of the dronken Ephraemytes (ſayth Eſaye) ſhall be troden under fote. The preſtes and the prophetes do ſtacker, they are ſo overſeane with wyne, Eſa.28. They ſtomble in the ſtretes, and have ſtayned thēemſelves with bloude. Treno.4. All the dwellers of Juda Dronckēenneſſe. (ſayth the lorde) ſhall I fyll with drōonckenneſſe, both the kynges and the preſtes. I wyll neyther perdon them, ſpare them, nor yet have pytie on them, Hierc. 13. And where as that dronckenneſſe is (ſayth Salomōon) there is no coūunſell kept, hypocryte Pro.31. In the ende, thys hypocryte full lyke 29 B7r 15 lyke hymſelfe, allegeth to thys woman, a maner uſed of hys olde predeceſſours in the ſcholes of falſehede. But frōom the ſcole of truthe he bryngeth nothynge to the confort of her conſcyence. He declareth full workemanlye in thys, what he and hys generacyon ſeketh, by ſoche their ſpyrituall and juſtyfyenge workes, ex opere operato.

Anne Aſkewe.

Fyftly he aſked me, if I intended to receyve the ſacramēent Howſell. at eaſter, or no? I anſwered, that els I were no Chriſten woman, and that I ded rejoyce, that the tyme was ſo nere at hāande. And thāan he departed thens, with manye fayre wordes.

Johan Bale.

Thys hongrye wolfe practyſeth by all craftye wayes poſſyble, to ſucke the bloude Spirituallye. of thys innocent lambe. Is not that (thynke yow) an holye congregacyon, whych is thus ſpyrytuallye occupyed? Some godlye wyſe men wyll wondre, that they be not aſhamed. But marvele not 30 B7v not of it. For the holye Ghoſt ſayth, in hys fore judgemēentes, that the ſame holye mothet whych hath hatched thēemup in oyles A whore. ; in ſhavynges, is an unſhamefaſt whore, Apo.17. et Dan. 8. Than of verye nature muſt her whelpes be ſhameleſſe chyldren. Dogges. Soche ſhameleſſe dogges are they (ſayth Eſaye) as be never ſatisfyed. Eſ.56. whāan they kylle yow (ſayth Chriſt) they ſhall thynke they do God good ſervyce, Io.16. ſo greatlye have their malyce blynded them, Sapiēen 2. whych is partlye the drokenneſſe afore ſpoken of.

Anne Aſkewe.

And the xxiii. daye of Marche, my coſyne Brittayne came into the Counter to me, and aſked Baylynge. there, whether I myght be put to bayle or no? Then went he immedyatlye unto my lorde Mayre, deſyerynge of hym to be ſo good lorde unto me, that I myght be bayled. My lorde anſwered hym, and ſayd, that he wolde be glad to do ye beſt that in hym laye, Howbeyt he couldenot 31 B8r de not bayle me without the cōonſent of a ſpirytuall offycer. So requyrynge hym to go and ſpeake with the chaūuncellour of London. For he ſayd, lyke as he coulde not commytt me to pryſon without the conſent of a ſpirytuall offycer, nomore coulde he bayle me without cōonſent of the ſame.

Johan Bale.

True is it here, that is written of S. Johan in the Apocalyppes, that Antichriſt antichriſt is worſhypped of the potentates ; kynges of the earthe, Apo.13. The mayre of London, whych is the kynges liefe tenaunt, and repreſenteth there hys owne perſone, ſtandeth here lyke a dead Idoll, or lyke ſoche a ſervaunt ſlave as can do nothynge within hys owne cytie concernynge their matters. Who is lyke the Beaſt (ſayth Saynt Johan) who The beaſt is able to warre with hym? He hath brought all lāandes and their kyngedomes in feare (ſayth Eſaye) the ſtrength of their cyties hath he taken awaye, and reſtray- 32 B8v reſtrayned the delyveraunce of their preſoners, Eſa.14. The parēentes of hym that Exāamples was borne blynde, feared thys ſpyrituall tyrannye or captyvyte of theirs, ſoch tyme as they were examyned of the byſhoppes for the ſyght of their ſonne. Ioan.9. Soche as beleved in Chriſt amonge the chefe rulers of the Jewes, wolde not be acknowne therof, for feare of lyke vyolence, A cuſtome. Ioan.12. No newe thynge is it than in that ſpirytuall generacyon, but a cuſtome of olde antyquyte. Both Chriſt and hys Apoſtles have ſuffered lyke tyrannye under them. But never ded they yet mynyſtre it to anye creature after their exemple.

Anne Aſkewe.

So upon that he went to the The chaūunceller. chancellour, requyrynge of hym as he ded afore of my lorde may re. He anſwered hym, that the matter was ſo haynouſe, that he durſt not of hymſelf do it, without my Lorde of London were made prevye therūunto. But he ſayd, he wolde ſpeake unto my 33 C1r 17 my lorde in it. And bad hym repare unto hym the next morowe and he ſhuld wele knowne my lordes pleaſure.

Johan Bale.

Ryghtwyſneſſe judge they ſynne, & ſynne ryghtwyſneſſe, Eſ.5. ſo unperfyght is their ſyght, Io.12. in that God hath geven them up to their owne luſtes, Rom.i. What an haynouſe matter is it holden here, to beleve in Chriſt after the ſcriptures, Fayth in Chriſt. & not after their ſuperſtycyouſe maner? For non other cauſe coulde they laye to thys woman, as ye have hearde here afore, and as ye ſhall here after perceyve more largelye. What ſo ever it be to offende God or man, their offence maye be no leſſe than pryſon and deathe. The Turke Tyrāannye. is not more vēengeable, than is thys ſpyght full ſpirytuall generacyon. Yet boaſt they Chriſtes religion, and the holye mother churche.

Anne Aſkewe.

And upon the morowe after, he came thydre, and ſpake both with the chauncellour, & with C my 34 C1v lorde byſhopp of London. My lorde declared unto hym, that he was verye wele contended that I ſhuld come forth to a cōommunycacyon. And appoynted me to apere afore hym the next daye after, at iii. of the clocke, at after none. More over he ſayd unto hym, that he wolde Wylye. Wylye. there ſhulde be at that examynacyon, ſoche lerned men as I was affeccyoned to. That they myght ſe, and alſo make report, that I was handeled with no rygour. He anſwered hym, that he knewe no man Subtyle. that I had more affeccyon to than other. Than ſayd the byſhopp. Yes, as I underſtande, ſhe is affeccyoned to Doctor Crome, Sir Gyllam, Whyteheade, and Huntyngton, that they myght heare the matter. For ſhe ded knowe thēem to be lerned,ned 35 C2r 18 ned, and of a godlye judgemēent.

Johan Bale.

A foxyſh faver was thys, both of the chauncellour & byſhopp, and ſoche a benyvolent gēentylneſſe, as not onlye ſought her bloude, but alſo the bloude of all them whych are here named, yf they had than A wolfe. come to thys examynacyon. For the evenynge afore (as I am credyblye infourmed) the Byſhopp made boaſt amonge hys owne ſort, that if they came thydre, he wolde tye them a great dele ſhorter. A voyce was thys full lyke to hym that uttered it. For therby he apereth, not one that wyll ſave and fede, but rather ſoche a one as ſeketh to kyll and deſtroye. Iohannis 10. The foxes runne Foxes. over the hyll of Syon (ſayth Hiereinye) becauſe ſhe is fallen from God, Threnorum 5. O Iſrael (ſayth the Lorde) thy prophetes are lyke the wylye foxes upon the drye feldes, Ezechielis 13. The Poete hath a byworde, that happye is he whych can take hede by an other mannys hurte. I adde thys here, that ye ſhuld be ware, if ye come in lyke Cij daun- 36 C2v daūunger of anye ſoche foxiſh byſhopp. By one of hys daye devyls, whom thys Cayphas A preſt. ſent to commen with the woman in preſon, he knewe part of her meanynge, and what they were alſo whych favered her opynyons. Yea, he craftelye undermyned thys gentylman whych intreated for her, if ye marke it wele. Truſt not to moche in the flatterouſe faunynge of ſoche wylye foxes.

Anne Aſkewe.

Alſo he requyred my coſyne Bryttayne, that he ſhulde erneſtlye perſuade me to utter, even A thefe. the verye bottom of my harte. And he ſware by hys fydelyte, that no man ſhulde take anye advauntage of my wordes. Neyther yet wolde he laye ought to my charge, for anye thynge that I ſhuld there ſpeake. But if I ſayd anye maner of thynge amys, He with other more wolde be glad to reforme me therin, with moſt godlye counſell. Iohan 37 C3r 19

Johan Bale.

O vengeable tyraunt and devyll. How ſubtyllye ſekyſt thu the bloude of thys innocent woman, undre a coloure of fryndelye Judas. handelynge. God ones commaunded the erneſtlye, in no caſe to compaſſe thy neyber with deceyt, to the effuſion of hys bloude, Leu.19. But hys commaundement, thu reckeneſt but a Caunterburye tale. By ſwearynge by thy fydelyte, thu art not all unlyke unto Herode, whōom Herode. Chriſt for lyke practyſes, firſt to put Johan, and than hym to deathe, called alſo a moſt craftye cruell foxe, Luce 13. Thu laboreſt here, to have thys woman in ſnare, with ſerten of her fryndes. But God put in her mynde at thys tyme, to recken the a dogge and a ſwyne. Matth.7. and therupon to have fewe wordes.

Anne Aſkewe.

On the morowe after, my lorde of London ſent for me, at one of the clocke, his houre beynge appoynted at thre. And as I came A falſe lyar. before hym, he ſayd, he was verye ſorye of my trouble, & deſyredCiij ſyred 38 C3v ſyred to knowe my opynyon in ſoche matters, as were layed agaynſt me. He requyred me alſo in anye wyſe, boldelye to utter the ſecretes of my harte, byddynge O trayter me not to feare in anye poynt. For what ſo ever I ded ſaye within hys houſe, no man ſhuld hurte me for it. I anſwered. For ſo moche as your Lordeſhypp appoynted iii. of the clocke, and my fryndes ſhall not come tyll that houre, I deſyre yow to pardon me of gevynge anſwere tyll they come.

Johan Bale.

In thys preventynge of the houre, maye the dylygent reader perceyve the gredyneſſe of thys Babylon Byſhopp, A tyraūunt. or bloudthurſtie wolfe, cōoncernynge praye. Swyft are their fete (ſayth David) in the effuſion of innocent bloude, whych hauuve fraude in their tunges, venym in their lyppes, and moſt cruell vengeaunce in their mouthes. Pſal.13. Davidin 39 C4r vid in that Pſalme moche marveleth in the ſprete that takynge upon them the ſpirytuall governaunce of the people, they Murtherers. can fall in ſoche frenſye or forgetfulneſſe of themſelves, as to beleve it laufull thus to oppreſſe the faythfull, and to devoure them with as lyttle compaſſyon, as he that gredylye devoureth a pece of breade. If ſoche have redde anye thynge of God, they have lyttle mynded their true dewtye therin. More ſwyft (ſayth Hieremye) are our cruell perſecuters, Egles. than the egles of the ayre. They folowe upon us over the mountaynes, and laye prevye wayte for us in the wylderneſſe. Trenorum 4. He that wyll knowe the craftye haukynge of Byſhoppes to brynge in their praye, lete hym lerne it here. Judas (I thynke) had never the x. part of their connynge warkemanſhyppe. Marke it here, and in that whych foloweth.

Anne Aſkewe.

More lāambes to devoure. Then ſayd he, that he thought it mete, to ſende for thoſe iiii. men whych were afore named, & appoynted. Then I deſyred hym, Ciiij not 40 C4v not to put thēem to the payne. For it ſhuld not nede, bycauſe the ii. gentylmen whych were my fryndes, were able ynough to teſtyfye that I ſhuld ſaye. Anon after he wēent into his gallerye with maſtre Spylman, and wylled hym in anye wyſe, that he ſhuld exhort me, to utter all that I thought.

Johan Bale.

Chriſt ſheweth us in the vii. chaptre of Mathew, & in other places more of the Goſpell, how we ſhall knowe a falſe prophete or an hypocryte, and wylleth us to Lyke the devyll. be ware of them. Their maner is as the devyls is, flatteryngly to tempt, & deceytfullye to trappe, that they maye at the lattre, moſt cruellye flee. Soche a won (ſayth David) hath nothynge in hys tunge, but playne deceyt. He layeth wayte for the innocent, with no leſſe cruelte than the lyon for a ſhepe. He lurketh to ravyſh up the poore. And whan he hath gottēen hym into hys nette, than throweth he hym downe by hys autoryte. Pſalm.9. Thys 41 C5r 21 Thys is the thirde temptacyon of thys byſhopp, that the woman ſhuld utter, to her owne confuſyon.

Anne Aſkewe.

In the meane whyle he commaunded Archedeacon. hys Archedeacon to commēen with me, who ſayd unto me. Maſtres wherfor are ye accuſed? I anſwered. Axe my accuſers, for I knowe not as yet. Thēen toke he my boke out of my hande, and ſayd. Soche bokes as thys is, hath brought yow to the trouble ye are in. Be ware (ſayth he) be ware, for he that made it, was brent in Smythfelde. Then I aſked hym, if he were ſure that it was true that he had ſpoken. And he ſayd, he knewe wele, the boke was of Johan frithes makynge. Then I A Lyar. aſked hym, if he were not aſhamed for to judge of the boke before he ſawe it within, or yet knewev we the 42 C5v we the truthe therof. I ſayd alſo, that ſoche unadvyſed & haſtye judgement, is a token appar ēent of a verye ſlendre wytt. Thēen I opened the boke & ſhewed it hym. He ſayd, he thought it had bene an other, for he coulde fynde no faulte therin. Thēen I deſyred hym, nomore to be ſo ſwyft in judgemēent, tyll he throughlye knewe the truthe. And ſo he departed.

Johan Bale.

Here ſendeth he fourth an other Judas Judas. of hys, to betraye this true ſervaūunt of God. Marke the good workemanſhypp hardelye, and tell me if they be not the ofſprynge of the ſerpent. Moche are they offēended with bokes, for that they ſo playnelye do manyfeſt their myſchefes. Johan Johan Frith. Frith is a great moate in their eyes, for ſo turnynge over their purgatorye, and heavynge at their moſt monſtruoſe Maſſe, or mammetrouſe Mazon, whych ſygnyfyeth breade or feadynge. Notwithſtandynge Daniel calleth it Maozim, betokenynge ſtrēength or defence,ce, 43 C6r 22 ce, Dan.11. becauſe the falſe worſhyppynges therof ſhuld be ſo myghtelye defended by worldlye autoryte and power. Bokes cōondempned No newe thynge is it, that good men ; their bokes are deſtroyed now a dayes, whāan they touche the myſchefes of that generacy ōon. For Joakim the kynge of Juda, cutt Hieremyes prophecyes in peces with a penne knyfe, & in hys madneſſe threwe them into the fyre, commaundynge both Hieremye whych taught them, and Baruch that wrote them, to be put to deathe. Hieremie 36. Whan kynge Antiochus had ſett upon the aultre of God, the abhomynable Idoll of deſolacyon (whych is now the popyſh maſſe, Mat.24) the bokes Bokes brent. of Gods lawe commaunded he to be torne in peces and brent in the fyre, ſendynge fourth therupon, thys cruell proclamacyon. That what ſo ever he was, whych had a boke of the Lordes Teſtament founde about hym, or that endevoured themſelves to lyve after the lawes of God, the Kynges commaundement was, they ſhuld be put to death. 1.Machabeorum 1.

Anne Aſkewe.

Imme- 44 C6v

Immedyatlye after came my Her fryndes. coſyne Bryttayne in with dyverſe other, as Maſtre Hawe of Grayes inne, & ſoche other lyke. Then my lorde of London perſuaded my coſyne Bryttayne, as he had done oft before, which was, that I ſhuld utter the bot tom of my harte in anye wyſe.

Johan Bale.

Thys is the fort temptacyon, or craftye callynge upōon, to utter her mynde, that Cayphas he myght ſaye of her, as Cayphas ſayd of Chriſt. Matt.26. what nede we anye more witneſſes? Lo, now ye have hearde a blaſphemye or an hereſye. How ſaye ye now to it, whych are her fryndes? Is ſhe not gyltye of deathe? If they ſhuld have ſayd naye, unto thys, they ſhuld have bene ſo, in as depe daunger as ſhe. Thys ſerpentyne Practyſe. practyſe, was as wele to trappe them as her, lete it not be unmarked.

Anne Aſkewe.

My lorde ſayd after that unto me, that he wolde I ſhuld credyte the coūunſell of my fryndes in hys 45 C7r Sathan. in hys behalfe, whych was, that I ſhuld utter all thynges that burdened my conſcyence. For he enſured me, that I ſhuld not nede to ſtande in doubt to ſaye anye thynge. For lyke as he promyſed them (he ſayd) he promyſed me, & wolde perfourme it. Whych was, that neyther he, nor anye man for hym, ſhuld take me at advauntage of anye Tempter word I ſhuld ſpeake. And therfor he bad me, ſaye my mynde without feare. I anſwered hym, that I had nought to ſaye. For my conſcyence (I thāanked God) was burdened with nothynge.

Johan Bale.

Styll foloweth thys ghoſtlye enemye, hys former temptacyon, and calleth upon mortall utteraunce, or utteraunce full of deathe, that he myght crye with Cayphas, Luc.22. what nede we further teſtymonye? Cayphas Her owne mouthe hath accuſed her. We are able withneſſes therof, for 46 C7v for our owne eares have hearde it. Thus laye they wayte for bloude (ſayth Salomon) and lurke pryvelye for the innocent, without a cauſe, Proverbiorūum 1. enemyes. Conſent not (ſayth he) unto ſoche tyrauntes, if they entyce the. For though their wordes apere as honye, Prouerbiorum 16. Yet ſhalt thu fynde them in the ende, ſo bytter as wormewode, Proverbiorum 5. Though that whoryſh generacyon pretendeth a coloure of gentylneſſe, yet byteth it at the lattre lyke a ſerpent, and ſtyngeth lyke an adder, throwynge fourth poyſon. Prov.23.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then brought he fourth thys unſaverye ſymylytude, That if ſurgerye. a man had a wounde, no wyſe ſurgeon wolde mynyſtre helpe unto it, before he had ſeane it uncovered. In lyke caſe (ſayth he) can I geve yow no good Counſell. counſell, unleſſe I knowe wherwith your conſcyence in burdened. I anſwered, that my cōonſcience was clere in all thynges.ges, 47 C8r 24 ges. And for to laye a playſtre unto the whole ſkynne, it might apere moche folye.

Johan Bale.

Hath not he (thynke yow) moche nede of helpe, whych ſeketh to ſoche a ſurgeon. Uncircumſpect is that pacyent, and moſt commonlye unfortunate, whych goeth to a commen murtherer to be healed of hys dyſeaſe. Chriſt bad us evermore A murtherer. to be ware of all ſoche, unleſſe we wolde be woryed, Matthei 7. The nature of theſe, Lorde (ſayth David) is not to make whole, but to perſecute them whom thu haſt ſmytten, and to adde woūundes unto wounde, Pſalmo 68. Their owne Botches. botches are inſanable, Eſaie 1. for the multytude of their myſchefes, Hiere.30. The preſt and the Levyte, whych trauuvayled betwin Hieruſalem and Hierico, healed not the wounded man, yet were they no wounders. Lu. 10. Who can thynke that he wyll unburden the cōonſcyence, whych ſtodyeth nothynge els but to overloade it with moſt grevouſe and daūungerouſe burdens? Math.23.

Anne 48 C8v

Anne Aſkewe.

Then ye dryve me (ſayth he) to laye to your charge, your owne Gathered ſtore. report, whych is thys. Ye ded ſaye, he that doth receyve the ſacrament by the handes of an yll preſt or a ſynner, he receyveth the devyll, & not God. To that I anſwered, that I never ſpake ſoche wordes. But as I ſayd afore both to the qweſt and to my Lorde Mayre, ſo ſaye I now agayne, Sinon caſte. that the wyckedneſſe of the preſt ſhuld not hurte me, but in ſprete and faythe I receyved no leſſe, the bodye and bloude of Chriſt. Then ſayd the byſhopp unto me, what a ſaynge is thys? In ſprete. I wyll not take yow at that advauntage. Then I anſwered, My lorde without faythe and ſprete, I can not receyve hym worthelye.

Johan Bale.

Now 49 D1r 25

Now ſheweth thys Cayphas where about he Goeth, for all hys falſe flatterynge colours afore. And ſeynge he can winne non advaūuntage to hys cruel purpoſe, of her owne cōommunycacyon, he ſhaketh the bowgettes of hys provyded Judaſes Bowgettes. and betrayers of innocent bloude He bryngeth fourth ſoche ſtuffe and ſtore, as that wycked qweſt had gathered of her anſwere to them, to flatter and to pleaſe hys tyrannye therwith. It ys to be feared, that as farre was the feare of God here from thēem, as from hym/ Pſal. 13. for as wele practyſed they thys myſchefe agaynſt her, as he. Marke here the Antichriſt. natural workynge of a verye full Antichriſt. He defendeth ſynne in hys own generacy ōon, and condēemneth vertue in Chriſtes dere mēembre. Malice, pryde, whoredome, ſodometrye, with other moſt devylyſh vyces, reckeneth he not to hurte the mynyſtracyon of a preſt/ yet judgeth it he an hereſye, no leſſe worthye than deathe, to beleve that Chriſtes fleſhe and bloude is receyved in faythe and ſprete. What though it be Chriſtes moſt A ſore hereſie. erneſt doctryne, Ioan.6. what as ſaynge (ſayth thys Biſhopp) is thys? In ſprete.D te. 50 D1v te. I wyll not take yow at the worſt, ſayth he. As though it were a moſt haynouſe hereſye. But moſt dyſcrete and Preſtes. godlye was the womannys anſwere, declarynge her a ryght membre of Chriſt, where as thoſe preſtes, whōom he here defendeth, are unworthye receyvers and members of the devyll, Ioan.13. & i.Corin. 11. Thus is an Antichriſt here knowne by hys frutes. For he uttereth blaſphemyes agaynſt God, Daniel 7. Apoc. 13. he calleth evyll Good, and Good evyll, Eſa 5. & Proverbiorum 3.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then he layed unto me, that I ſhuld ſaye, that the ſacrament remaynynge in the pixte, was but breade. I anſwered that I never ſayd ſo. Breade. But in dede the qweſt aſked me ſoche a qweſtion, wherunto I wolde not anſwere (I ſayd) tyll ſoche tyme as they had aſſoyled me thys queſtiōon of myne. Wherfor Steven. Steven was ſtoned to deathe.the? 51 D2r 26 the. They ſayd, they knewe not Then ſayd I agayne, nomore wolde I tell them what it was.

Johan Bale.

O Idolouſe ſhepehearde (ſayth Zach.) thu ſekeſt not to heale the wounded, but to eate the fleſhe of the fatte. Zach. 11. The watche men of Iſrael (ſayth the lorde) are verye blynde beaſtes, and Beaſtes. ſhameleſſe dogges. They have no underſtandynge, but folowe their owne beaſtlye wayes for covetouſneſſe, Eſaie 56. Who ever redde in the ſcripture or autoryſed Chronycle, that breade in a boxe ſhuld be Chriſtes bodye? Where or whāan commaunded he hys moſt holye bodye, ſo to be beſtowed? What have ye to laye The boxe. for thys doctryne of yours? Are ye not yet aſhamed of your unreverent and blaſphemouſe beaſtlyneſſe? wyll ye ſtyll plucke our Chriſten beleve from the ryght hande of God the eternall father, and ſende it to a boxe of your braynyſh devyſynge? Dij The 52 D2v

Honorius The firſt boxer of it, was pope Honorius the thyrde in 1216the yeare of our lorde, M.CC.XVI. after the manyfolde revelacyons of dyverſe relygyouſe women. Neyther was there anye great honour geven unto it of the common people, tyll a ſorye ſolytarye ſyſter or Ankoraſſe in Eva recluſa the lande of Leodiūum or Luke, called Eva after ſerten viſions, had procured of pope Urbanus the fort, in 1264the yeare of our Lorde. M.CC.LXIIII. the feaſt of Corpus Chriſti to be holden ſolempne all Chriſtendome over. As teſtyfyeth Arnoldus Boſtius Boſtius, Epiſt.6. ad Joannem Paleonydorum. In al the xii. hondred yeares afore that, was it neyther boxed nor pixed, honoured nor ſenſed unyverſallye And ſe what an horrible worke here is now, for the boxinge therof, and what a great heresie it is to beleve that Chriſt Judaſes. dwell not therin, contrarye both to hys owne and to hys Apoſtles doctryne. Marke alſo how thys Gods creature is handeled here for it, and how ſubtyllye ſhe is betrayed of the Byſhoppes begles and lymmes of the devyll.

Anne Aſkewe.

Thon 53 D3r 27

Then layd it my Lorde unto me, that I had alleged a ſerten text of the ſcripture. I anſwered that I alleged non other but S. Paules owne ſaynge to the Athenianes, in the xvii. chaptre of the Apoſtles actes. That God dwelleth not in tēemples made Temples with handes. Then aſked he me. what my faythe and beleve was in that matter? I an ſwered hym. I beleve as the A tēempter. ſcripture doth teache me. Then enquired he of me, what if the ſcripture doth ſaye, that it is the bodye of Chriſt? I beleve (ſayd I) like as the ſcripture doth teache me. Then aſked he agayne, what if the ſcripture doth ſaye, that it is not the bodye of Chriſt? My anſwere was ſtyll. I beleve as the ſcripture infourmeth me. And upon thys argument he tarryed a great D iij whyle 54 D3v whyle, to have dryven me to make hym an anſwere to hys mynde. Howbeit I wolde not, but concluded thus with hym, that I beleved therin and in all other thynges, as Chriſt and hys holye Apoſtles ded leave them.

Johan Bale.

Se what an horryble ſynne here was. Scripture. She alleged the ſcripture for her beleve, whych is a ſore and a daungerouſe matter. For it is againſt the popes canon lawes, and agaynſt the olde cuſtomes of holye churche. Senns kynge Henryes dayes the fort, hath it bene a burnynge matter, onlye to reade it in the Englyſh tunge, and was called wycleves lernynge, tyll now of late years. And it wyll not be wele with holye churche, tyll it be brought to that poynt agayne. For it maketh manye heretykes agaynſt holye churche. O inſipientent 55 D4r 28 practyſes ent papyſtes. Theſe are your corrupted practyſes and abhomynable ſtodyes, to dryve the ſymple from God, and yet ye thynke, he ſeyth yow not, Pſalme 13. Saynt Paule ſayth (Roma. 15.) what ſo ever thynges are written in the ſcriptures, are written for our lernynge, that we through pacyence and cōomfort in them, myght have hope, and ye wyll robbe us therof. Chriſt commaunded Chriſt. all peoples, both men and women (Iohan. 5.) to ſerche the ſcryptures, if they thynke to have everlaſtynge lyfe, for that lyfe is no where but in them. Yet wyll yow in payne of deathe kepe them ſtyll from them.

For ye take upon ye to ſytt in Gods In Gods ſtede. ſtede, and thynke by that uſurped offyce, that ye maye turne over all, 2.Theſ.2. But Chriſt bad us to be ware both of yow and your chaplaynes, whan he ſayd, There ſhall aryſe falſe Chriſtes and falſe prophetes, workynge manye great wōonders, and ſaynge, Lo, here is Chriſt, and there is Chriſt. Beleve them not. Matt. 24. And therfor alleged thys womāan unto Diiij your 56 D4v your qweſtmongers (the dogges that Chriſt warned us of, Mathei 7.) and now unto yow that ſaynge of S. Paule, Temples. Acto.17. That God dwelleth not in tēemples made with handes/ whych alſo were the wordes both of Salomon longe afore 31.Reg.8. and of Steven, Acto.7. in hys tyme. That ſcripture ſo moche off ēended yow, that ye wolde nedes knowe therof the underſtāandynge. For ſoche textes as agre not with the cloynynges of your cōonjurers, and the conveyaunces of your ſorcerers, muſt nedes be ſeaſoned with Ariſtotles Phyſyckes, and ſawced Aryſtotle Dons. with Johan Donſes ſubtyltees. Here make ye a wonderfull turmoylynge to wrynge out of thys Womāannis beleve in that matter, that ſhe myghe eyther become a creature of your olde God the pope, or els be burned. yet have ſhe not ones removed her fote from the harde foundacyon or ſavynge rocke Jheſus Chriſt. 1. Corinth.11. Bleſſed be hys holye name for it.

Anne Aſkewe.

Fewe wordes.

Then he aſked me, whye I had ſo fewe wordes? And I anſwered.ſwered. 57 D5r 29 ſwered. God hath geven me the gyfte of knowlege, but not of utteraunce. And Salomon ſayth, that a woman of fewe wordes, is a gyfte of God, Prover.19.

Johan Bale.

WhāanChriſt ſtode before Cayphas, he aſked hym, moche after thys ſort, wherfor he had ſo fewe wordes? Thu anſwereſt not (ſayth he) to thoſe thynges which are layed Here agaynſt the of theſe men. Nevertheleſſe he held hys peace. Sylence. Mar.14. But whāan he was ones throughlye compelled by the name of the lyvynge God, to ſpeake, and had uttered a verye fewe wordes, he toke hym at ſoche advauntage, though they were the eternall veryte, as he was able through them, to procure hys deathe, Matth.26. Bonner. lyke as thys bloudye Biſhopp Bonner, of the ſame wycked generacyon, ded at the lattre, by thys faythfull woman.

Anne Aſkewe.

Thirdlye my lorde layed unto my charge, that I ſhuld ſaye, that the Maſſe was ydolatrye I anſwe 58 D5v I anſwered hym. No, I ſayd not ſo. Howbeyt (I ſayd) the qweſt ded aſke me, whether pryvate Pryvate Maſſes. Maſſes ded releve ſowles departed, or no? Unto whome than I anſwered. O Lorde, what ydolatrye is thys? that we ſhuld rather beleve in pryvate maſſes, than in the helthſom deathe of the dere ſonne of God Than ſayd my lorde agayne. What an anſwere was that? Though it were but meane (ſayd I) yet was it good ynough for the queſtyon.

Johan Bale.

About the lattre dayes of Johan wycleve, in 1382the yeare of our lorde a M.CCC.LXXXII Henrye Spenſer. . as Henrye Spenſer than Byſhopp of Norwych, was with a great nombre of Englyſh warryours beſiegynge the Towne of Hypers in Flaunders, in the quarell of pope Urbanus the vi. The 59 D6r 30 Frires. The veſſels of perdycyon or verye organes of Sathan, the iiii. orders of beggynge fryres, preached all Englande over, that that moſt holye father of theirs, had lyberallye opened the welle of mercye, and graunted cleane remyſſyon to all them that wolde eyther fyght, or geve anye thynge towardes the mayntenaunce of thoſe warres in that quarell of holye churche agaynſt Maſſe. ſcyſmatykes and heretykes. For than was thys matter of their popyſh Maſſe, in great controverſye lyke as it is now. More over they promyſed by vertu of hys great pardons, to ſende the ſowles departed, to heaven. And dyverſe of them ſayd, they had ſeane them flye up, out of the churche yeardes from their graves thydre warde.

Thys moſt devylyſh blaſphemye with ſoche other lyke, provoked the Johan wycleve ſeyd Johan wycleve, the verye organe of God, and veſſell of the holye Ghoſt not onlye to replye than agaynſt them at Oxforde in the open ſcooles, but alſo to write a great nombre of bokes agaynſt that peſtylent popyſh kyngedomeof 60 D6v me of theirs lyke as Martyne Luther hath done alſo in our tyme, with manye other godlye men. And lyke as thoſe falſe prophetes the fryres ded than attribute unto the popes pardons, the remyſſyon Pardons. of ſynnes, the deliveraunce from dāampnacyon, and the fre enteraunce of heavēen, whych peculyarlye belongeth to the precyouſe payment of Chriſtes bloude. i.Petri 1.; 1.Ioāan.1. So do theſe falſe anoynted, or blaſphemouſe Byſſoppes and preſtes now, attrybute them agayne unto Druydes. theyr pryvate and publique Maſſes, the popes owne wares as prowlynge and pelferynge as the pardons, with no leſſe blaſphemye. The devylyſhneſſe of thys newe doctryne of theyrs, ſhall be refelled Perin. in my bokes agaynſt fryre Peryn and Wyncheſtre, and therfor I write the leſſe here.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then I tolde my lorde, that there was a preſt, whych ded heare what I ſayd there before my lorde mayre and them. with Chaunceler. that the chaunceller anſwered, whych was the ſame preſt. So ſhe 61 D7r 31 ſhe ſpake it in verye dede (ſayth he) before my lorde the mayre and me. Then were there ſerten preſtes as doctor Standyſh Stāandyſh. and other, whych tempted me moche to knowe my mynde. And I anſwered them alwayes thus. That I have ſayd to my lorde of London, I have ſayd.

Johan Bale.

By thys ye maye ſe, that the Byſhoppes have every wher ther wachmēen. leaſt the Watchemen. kynges offycers ſhuld do anye thynge, contrarye to their bloudye behove. Thys Chauncellour wolde not have thus anſwered hardelye, ſo agreablye to her tale, had it not bene to their advauntage agaynſt her, as here after wyll apere. Marke here the faſhyon of theſe temptynge ſerpentes, Standyſh and hys fellawes, And tel me if they be not lyke unto Vypers. thoſe vypers whelpes whych came to Johans Baptym, Matthei 3. and to Chriſt Jeſus preachynge, Luce 11. I thynke ye ſhall fynde them the ſame gegeneracyon.neracyon. 62 D7v generacyon.

Anne Aſkewe.

And then doctor Standiſh A tempter. deſyered my lorde, to byd me ſaye my mynde, concernynge that ſame text of S. Paule. I anſwered, that it was agaynſt ſaynt Paules lernynge, that I beynge a woman, ſhuld interprete the ſcriptures, ſpecyallye where ſo manye wyſe lerned men were.

Johan Bale.

Stāandiſh It is not yet halfe a ſcore of yeares a go, ſens thys blaſphemouſe Idyote Standiſh, compared in a lewde ſermon of hys, the dere pryce of our redempcyon, or precyouſe bloude of Chriſt, to the bloude of a fylthye ſwyne, lyke hymſelfe a ſwyne. And for hys good doynge, he is Doctor. now becomen a dawe, a doctor I ſhuld ſaye, of the popes dyvynyte, and a ſcolaſtical interpretour of the ſcriptures to hys behove. Here wolde the ſwynyſh gēentylmantylman 63 D8r 32 tylman have proved, both that S. Steven dyed an heretyke, and S. Paule a ſcyſmatyke, for teachynge that God dwelleth not in tēemples made withh āandes Act.7. & 17. if he myght have reaſoned Swyne. out the matter with thys woman. But ſhe toke a ſwyne for a ſwyne, and wolde laye no pearles afore hym, as Chriſt had charged her afore. Matthei 7. For all their interrogacyons are now about the temple and the temple wares. Matthei 26.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then my lorde of Londōon ſayd he was infourmed, that one ſhulde aſke of me, if I wolde receyve the Sacrament at Eaſter, Accuſer. and I made a mocke of it, Then I deſyered that myne accuſer myght come fourth, whych my lorde wolde not. But he ſayd agayne unto me. I ſent one to geve yow good counſell, and at the 64 D8v the firſt worde ye called hym papyſt. That I denyed not, for I perceyved, he was no leſſe. yet made I non anſwere unto it.

Johan Bale.

No confortable ſcriptures, nor yet anye thynge to the ſowles conſolacyon, Dogges rhetoryck maye come out of the mouthes of theſe ſpyrytuall fathers, But dogges rhetoryck and curres curteſye, narrynges, brawlynges, and quarellynges Whan ſhe was in the myddes of thēem, ſhe myght wele have ſayd wyth David. Delyver me lorde from the quarelouſe dealynges of men, that I maye kepe thy cōommaundem ēentes. I deale with the thynge that is lawfull and ryght, O geve me not over to theſe oppreſſers, lete not theſe proude Quarellers. quarellers do me wronge. Pſalm. 118. But amonge all theſe quarellynges, her accuſers myght not be ſeane/ whych were the grounders of them.

Anne Aſkewe.

Thēen he rebuked me, and ſayd, Thre ſcore preſtes that I ſhuld report, that there were bent agaynſt me, thre ſcorere 65 E1r 33 re preſtes at Lyncolne. In dede (quoth I) I ſayd ſo. For my fryndes told me, if I ded come to Lyncolne, the preſtes wolde aſſault me and put me to great trouble, as therof they had made their boaſt. And whāan I hearde it, I went thydre in dede, not beynge afrayed, becauſe I knewe my matter to be good. More over I remayned Preſtes. there. vi. dayes, to ſe what wolde be ſayd unto me. And as I was in the mynſter, readynge upon the Byble, they reſorted unto me by ii. and by ii. by v. ; by vi. myndynge to have ſpokēen to me, yet went they theyr wayes agayne with out wordes ſpeakynge.

Johan Bale.

Rebukes in that generacyōon, are moch more redye at hande, than eyther Chriſten admonyſhmentes, or gentyll exhortacyons,E tacyons, 66 E1v tacyons, though they be all ſpyrytuall. Lordſhyp And that cometh by reaſon of their lordeſhyppes, whych wāanteth due fournyſhynge out, unleſſe they hauuve tyrannouſe bragges and braulynges. Herin folowe they the examples of their naturall predeceſſours the Jewyſh byſhoppes, pharyſees, and preſtes, Ioan. 7. and 9. She myght full wele ſaye, that the preſtes were agaynſt her. For hypocreſye & Idolatrye Hypocreſye. were never yet with hym, whoſe bleſſed quarell ſhe toke. Marke the fort chaptre of Johan, and ſo fourth almoſt to the ende of hys Goſpell. Beholde alſo how hys Apoſtles & diſciples were handeled of the preſtes, after hys gloryouſe aſcencyon, Acto.4. and all that boke folowynge, & ye ſhall fynde it no new thynge. The ſervaūunt is no better than her maſtre whych ſuffred of that malygnaunt generacyon lyke quarellynges and handelynges, Ioan.15. Se here how they wondered Wonderers. upōon her by couples, for readynge the Byble, as their fore fathers wondered upon Chriſt for preachynge and doynge miracles.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then 67 E2r 34

Then my lorde aſked, if there were not one that ded ſpeake unto me. I tolde hym, yeas, A preſt. that there wats one of them at the laſt, whych ded ſpeake to me in dede. And my lorde than aſked me, what he ſayd? And I tolde hym, hys wordes were of ſo ſmall effecte, that I ded not now remembre them.

Johan Bale.

So farre was not Lyncolne from London, but the Byſhopp there had Occupyenge. knowlege of thys tragedye. Hereby maye ye ſe their ſpirytuall occupyenge agaynſt Chriſt and hys faythfull membirs. Soch is the ſtody (ſayth S. Johan) of that congregacyon, whych is a ſpirytualte, called Sodome and Egypte. They rejoyce in myſchefes amonge thēemſelves, and ſende maſſenges one to an other agaynſt Gods wytneſſes, whan they are vexed by them, Apoca. 11.

Anne Aſkewe.

Eij Then 68 E2v

Then ſayd my lorde, There are manye that reade & knowe Scripture. the ſcripture, & yet do not folow it, nor lyve therafter. I ſayd agayne. My lorde, I wolde wyſhe, that all men knewe my converſacyon & lyvynge in all poyntes, For I am ſo ſure of my ſelfe thys houre, that there are non able to prove anye dyſhoneſtie by me. If yow knowe anye that can do it, I praye yow brynge them fourth.

Johan Bale.

I marvele that Byſhoppes can not ſe thys in themſelves, that they are alſo no folowers of the ſcriptures. But paraventure Folowers they never reade them, but as they fynde them by chaunce in their popiſh portyfolyoms and maſkynge bokes. Or els they thynke all the ſcriptures fulfylled, whan they have ſayd their mattens and their maſſes. Chriſt ſayd to the hypocryte. Whye ſeiſt thu a moate in thy neybers eye, and conſydereſt not the great beame that is in thyne owne eye 69 E3r 35 eye? Luce 6. Matth. 7. Chriſt forbode Lordſhyppes poſſeſſyons. hys Byſhoppes undre payne of dampnacyon to take anye lordſhyppes upōon them. Luce 12. How is thys folowed of our prelates? He commaūunded them alſo to poſſeſſe neyther golde nor ſylver. Matth. 10. How is thys cōommaundemēent obeyed? If we loked ſo erneſtlye to Chriſtes inſtytucyons, as we loke to the popes to be obſerved, theſe wolde alſo be ſeane to, by Marryage. acte of parlement, ſo wele as preſtes marryage whom Chriſt never inhibyted. I doubt it not, but thys wyll alſo be one daye ſeane to. Godly ded thys woman in defendynge here her innocencye. For S. Peter ſayth, i. Petri 4. Se that non of yow ſuffre as an evyll doer. But in your harde ſufferynges, committ youur ſowles unto God with wele doynge, as unto your faythfull creator.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then my lorde went awaye, and ſayd, he wolde entytle ſumwhat of my meanynge. And ſo he writte a great cyrcumſtaunce. He writeth. But what it was, I have not all in memorye. For he woldeEiij de 70 E3v de not ſuffre me to have the coppie therof. Onlye do I remembre thys final porcyon of it.

Johan Bale.

Here wrote he ſerten artycles of the popes Romish faythe, wyllynge her to ſubſcrybe unto thēem, & ſo blaſpheme God Worſhyp the beaſt- or els to burne. Hys ſekynge was here, to make her to worſhyp the firſt beaſt, whoſe deadlye wounde is healed agayne Apoc. 13. But ſhe wolde not ſo have her name raced out of the lāambes boke of lyfe. Apoca. 20. Rather wolde ſhe contende to the ende, hopynge by the myght of hys ſprete, at the laſt to overcome, and ſo to be clothed wyth the promyſed whyte aparell, Apoca. 3.

Anne Aſkewe.

Be it knowne (ſayth he) to all men, that I Anne Aſkewe, do confeſſe thys to be my faythe and beleve, notwithſtandynge Holye lecherye. my reportes made afore to the contarye. I beleve that they whych are howſeled at the handesdes 71 E4r 36 des of a preſt, whether hys converſacyon be good or not, do receyve the bodye and bloude of Chriſt in ſubſtaunce reallye. Alſo I do beleve it after the conſecracy ōon, whether it be receyved or reſerved, to be no leſſe than the verye bodye and bloude of Chriſt in ſubſtaunce. Fynallye papyſtyck I do beleve in thys and in all other ſacramēentes of holye churche, in all poyntes accordynge to the olde catholyck faythe of the ſame. In witnneſſe wherof, I the ſeyd Anne have ſubſcrybed my name. There was ſumwhat more in it, whych becauſe I had not the coppie, I cāannot now remembre.

Johan Bale.

All the worlde knoweth, that neyther in Chriſtes tyme, nor yet in the dayes of Newe fatyythe, hys Apoſtles, was anye ſoche confeſſion of faythe, Neyther yet in the churche Eiiii that 72 E4v that folowed after, by the ſpace of moche more than a M. yeares, What have Chriſten mennes conſcience than to do with ſoche a progydyouſe confeſſyon? Are not Chriſt and hys Apoſtles, teachers ſuffycyent ynough for our Chriſtēen beleve, and their holye doctrynes lawfull, but we muſt have theſe unſaverye brablementes? We muſt now beleve in the bawdrye of preſtes, or that their Canonyſed lecherie. Sodometrye and Whoredome for want of marryage, can be no impediment to their Godmakynge. What is it els to be ſworne unto the beleve of ſoche artycles, but to honour their abhomynable lecherye. O moſt ſwyniſh ſacryfyers of Baal peor, Pſalme 105. Yow is it that the Apoſtle Judas, in hys canonycall epyſtle ſpeaketh of. Ye have turned the grace of Priapyſtes. God, into your lecherie, denyenge our onlye governour Jheſus Chriſt. The holye Ghoſt ſheweth us. Apoca. 21. & 22. that nōon are of the newe hallowed cytie or congregation of the lorde, whych worketh abhomynacyon or maynteyneth lyes, as ye do them both here.

Then 73 E5r 37

Anne Aſkewe.

Then he redde it to me, and aſked me, if I ded agre to it. And I ſayd agayne, I beleve ſo moche therof, as the holye ſcripture Scripture. doth agre to. Wherfor I deſyre yow, that ye wyll adde that therunto. Then he anſwered, that I ſhuld not teache hym what he ſhuld write, With that, he went forth into hys great chamber, and redde the ſame byll afore the audyence, whych envegled and wylled me to ſett to my hande, ſaynge alſo that I had faver ſhewed me.

Johan Bale.

In everye matter concernynge our Chriſten beleve, is the ſcripture reckened Unsuffycyent. unſuffycyent of thys wycked generacyon. God was not wyſe ynough in ſettynge the order therof, but they muſt adde therunto their ſwybber ſwylle, that he maye abhore it in us, as he ded the Jewes ceremonyes, Eſa. 1. Hiere. 7. Zacha. 7. Amos 5. Michee 6. But thys Ev godlye 74 E5v godlye woman wolde corrupt her faythe with no ſoche beggerye, leaſt ſhe in ſo doynge ſhuld admitt them and their pope to ſytt in her conſcyence above the eternall The pope God, whych is their daylye ſtodye, 2. Theſ. 2. A vyrgyne was ſhe in that behalf, redemed frōom the earthe & folowynge the lambe, & havynge in her forehead the fathers name written. Apocalypſys 14.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then ſayd the Byſhopp, I Faver. myght thanke other & not my ſelfe, of the faver I founde at hys hande. For he conſydered (he ſayd) that I had good fryndes, and alſo that I was come of a worſhypfull ſtocke. Then anſwered one Chriſtofer, a ſervaunt to maſtre Dēennye. Rather ought ye (my lorde) to have done it in ſoche caſe. For Gods ſake than for mannys.

Johan Bale.

Spirytuall 75 E6r 38

Spirytuall wyll theſe fathers be named, Falſhede and yet they do all to be ſeane of men, Math. 23. Their olde condycyons wyll they change, whan the blacke moreane change hys ſkynne, and the catte of the mountayne her ſpottes, Hieremye 13. If I ſought to pleaſe mēen (ſayth S. Paule) I were not the ſervaunt of Chriſt. Gala. 1. Whan thys tyrannouſe Byſhopp can do no more myſchefe, than Flatterye flattereth he the worlde, ſekynge to have thankes where he hath non deſerved. And as concernynge the love or true feare of God (as is here layed unto hym) he hath non at all, Pſal. 13..

Anne Aſkewe.

Then my lorde ſate downe, and toke me the wrytynge to ſett therto my hande, and I writte after thys maner, I Anne Aſkewe do beleve all catholick maner thynges contayned in the faythe of the Catholyck churche. Then becauſe I ded adde unto it, the Catholycktholick 76 E6v tholyck churche, he flonge into hys chambre in a great furye. With that my coſyne Brittayne folowed hym, deſyerynge hym for Gods ſake to be good lorde unto me. He anſwered A womāan that I was a woman, and that he was nothynge deceyved in me. Then my coſyne Brittayne deſyred hym to take me as a woman, and not to ſett my weake womannys wytt, to hys lordſhyppes great wyſdome.

Johan Bale.

Was not thys (thynke yow) a ſore mat ter to be ſo grevoſlye taken of thys prelate? But that they are naturallye geven to ſoche quarellynges, Matth. 23. Thys Catholick worde Catholyck was not wonte to offende them. How becometh it than now a name ſo odyouſe? Paravēenture through thys onlye occaſyon. They knewe not tyll now of late years (for it come of the Greke) the true ſygnyfycacyon therof, As that it is ſo moche to ſaye in the. Englyſh, as the unyverſall or whole. Afore tyme 77 E7r 39 tyme, they toke it to meane their oyled cōongregacy Frōom oyle. ōon alone. But now they perceyve that it includeth the layte ſo wel as thēem no lōongar they do eſteme it. Other cauſe can I non conjecture, whye they ſhuld now more contempne it than afore.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then went in unto hym doctor weſton, and ſayd, that the Weſton. cauſe whye I ded write there the Catholyck church, was, that I underſtode not the churche written afore. So with moche a do, they perſuaded my lorde to come out agayne, & to take my name with the names of my ſuerties, which were my coſyne Brittayne and maſtre Spylman of Grayes inne.

Johan Bale.

Layte.

For an holye churche wyll they be taken, and ſeme moche to differ from the lewde lowſye layte or prophanne multytude of the common people, by reaſon of their holye unccyons and ſhavynges whych 78 E7v whych came from their pope. Moſt ſpecyallye becauſe they have nothynge a do with marryage, reckened a moſt cōontagyouſe poyſon to holye orders, as their foreſeyd Romyſh father hath taught, whych bryngeth up all hys chyldrēen in Sodome Sodomytes. ; Gomor. Iude 1. Apoc. 11. And thys poynt have they lerned of their predeceſſours the olde pharyſees and preſtes, whych were not, ſicut ceteri hominūum, as the cōommon ſort of men are, but holye, ſpirytuall ghoſtlye fathers, Luce 18. Wherfor they wyll not now be called a catholyck, but an holye ſpirytual churche.

Anne Aſkewe.

Thys beynge done, we thought that, I ſhuld have bene put to bayle immedyatlye, accordynge Manye delayes. to the order of the lawe. Howbeit he wolde not ſo ſuffre it, but commytted me from thens to preſon agayne untyll the next morowe. And than he wylled me to apere in the guylde halle, & ſo I ded. Notwithſtandyngeſtandyng 79 E8r 40 ſtandynge they wolde not put me to bayle there neyther, but redde the Biſhoppes witynge unto me as before, and ſo commaunded me agayne to preſon.

Johan Bale.

A verye ſervitute of Egipte is it, to be in daunger of theſe papyſtyck Byſhoppes, as in thys acte doth apere. Se what cavyllacyōons thys Pharao ded ſeke here to holde thys Chriſtēen womāan, ſtyll undre Pharao hys captivite, ſo louth is the gredye wolfe to depart from hys deſyred praye Ioan. 10. Theſe delayes & theſe ſendynges from Cayphas to Pilate, and frōom Pylate agayne to Annas in Paules, were not els buut to ſeke more matter agaynſt Practyſe. her, and to knowe more depelye who were her fryndes and maynteners. They that ſhall conferre the faſhyons of thys termagaunt Byſhopp concernynge thys woman, with the cruell maners of great Pharao in the deliveraunce of the people of Iſrael at Gods comma ūundemēent, Exo.5. or with the hāandelynges of the Jewes ſpirytualte cōoncernynge Chriſt 80 E8v Chriſt, Math.26. and Iohan 18. they ſhall not fynde them all unlyke.

Anne Aſkewe.

Then were my ſuerties appoynted to come before them on the next morowe in Paules churche, whych ded ſo in dede. Knaverye ſpirytuall Not withſtandynge they wolde ones agayne have broken of with them, by cauſe they wolde not be bounde alſo for an other womāan at their pleaſure, whom they knewe not, nor yet what matter was layed unto her charge. Notwithſtandynge at the laſt, after moche a do & reaſonynge to and fro, they toke a bonde of them of recognyſaunce for my fourth commynge. And thus I was at the laſt, delyvered. Written by me Anne Aſkewe.

Johan Bale.

No veryte (ſayth Oſeas the Prophete) no 81 F1r 41 no mercye, nor yet knowlege of God, is now in the earthe, but abhomynable vyces have everye where gotten the overhande, With preſtes. one bloudgyltyneſſe folowynge an other, Oſee 4. Thynke yow that the Byſhoppes and preſteas coulde take ſo cruell wayes, & wolde worke ſo falſe feates, if they had the true feare of God, or yet reckened to fele a ryghtwyſe judge at the lattre daye? Suppoſe it not. Not Tyraūuntes onlye mynded they to ſhewe no mercye to thys woman, but alſo to werye all her fryndes and acquayntaunce, whych is moſt extreme cruelte and malyce.

The other woman, whom they wolde here moſt craftelye have delyvered with thys (as I am credyblye infourmed) was a ſertēen popyſh queane, whych they had a fore provyded both to betraye Practyſe her, and accuſe her. In more depe daunger of the lawe at that tyme, was thys for her falſe accuſement without recorde, than was the other whych was ſo falſelye accuſed. Fayne wolde the prelates therfor have had her at lyberte, but Subtylte they feared moche to be noted parcyall. Marke thys craftye poynt for your lernynge,F nynge 82 F1v nynge, and tell me if they be not a ſubtyle generacyon. More of their ſpirytuall packynges and conveyaūunces, for the deathe of thys faythfull woman, and moſt dere membre of Chriſt Anne Aſkewe, ſhall ye wele perceyve in the lattre part herefolowynge, by her owne confeſſion and hande writynge alſo to the honoure of God and their great diſhonour. So be it.

Vayne is the converſacyon, whych ye receyved by the tradycyons of your fathers, 1.Petri 1.

The veryte of the lorde endureth for ever. Pſalm.116.

83 F2r 42

The Concluſyon

Here haſt thu (gentyll reader) the firſt examynacyon of the faythfull martyr of Chriſt Anne Aſkewe wyth my ſymple elucydacyon upon Byſhoppes. the ſame—Wherin thu mayſt clerely be holde our Byſhoppes & preſtes ſo ſpirytuallye to be occupyed now a dayes, as is the gredye wolfe that ravenouſlye rōonneth upon hys praye. For the tyrannouſe behaver in their cruell predeceſſours have they no maner of ſhame. Neyther yet repēent they their owne blaſphemouſe treaſon agaynſt God and hys veryte, what though their moſt wretched conſcyēences Kyngedōom of God. do daylye accuſe them therof. The kyngedome of God, whych is a true faythe in hys worde, or a perfyght knowlege of the goſpell, do not they ſeke to upholde. But vyolentlye they ſpeake yll of it, trouble it, perſecute it, chace it, and banniſh it, bycanuſe it is of hym and from within Popes kyngedōom. Luce 17. The kyngedome of the pope whych cometh with outwarde obſervacyon of dayes, perſones, places, tymes, Fij meates 84 F2v meates, garmēentes, ; ceremonyes, they magnyfye above the mone, bycauſe it is from without, and to their peculiar advaūuntage in the loyterynge reigne of ydelneſſe.

They have thought and yet thynke by their terryble turmoylynges to turne over all, & to chāange the moſt noble enterpriſe A change of our kynge, yet ones agayn layſerlye, to their popes behove. But the godlye wyſe māan Salomōon ſayth, There is no polycye, there is no practyſe, noo, there is no counſell that can anye thynge prevayle agaynſt the lorde, Proverbiorum 21. They recken that with fyre, water, Polycye. & ſwerde they are able to anſwere all bokes made agaynſt their abuſes, ; ſo to dyſcharge their invyncyble argumentes (for otherwyſe they have not aſſoyled them as yet) but trulye they are ſore deceyved therin, as ſhall wele apere. They ſuppoſe by conſumynge of a ſcore or ii. in the fyre, they have gotten No felde the felde of the lambe and hys hoſt. Apoca.17. No, they rather by that meanes, adde ſtrength therunto, and ſo demynyſh their owne. I dare boldelye ſaye unto 85 F3r 43 unto them, that by burnynge Anne Aſkewe and her .iii. cōompanyons, they have one thouſande leſſe of their popyſh beleve Bokes. than they had afore. They thynke alſo by condempnynge and burnynge our bokes, to put us to ſylence. But that wyll ſurelye brynge double upon them, if they be not ware, Apoca.18. For if we ſhuld be ſtyll, the verye ſtones wolde ſpeake in theſe dayes, Luce 19. And detect their horryble treaſon agaynſt God and the kynge.

Counſell. If they mynde to holde their ydell offices ſtyll, and here after to have profyght of their olde ſale wares, as Diriges, Maſſes, & ſoche other. My counſel were that they ded by them, as they now do by their pope the great maſtre and firſt founder of them. A ſubtyle ſylence is amonge them cōoncernynge hym. and hath bene ever ſens hys firſt puttynge Sylence. downe. Ye ſhall not now heare a worde ſpoken agaynſt hym at Paules croſſe, nor yet agaynſt hys olde juglynge feates. And in dede it is a good wyſe waye to ſett hym up agayne. Wyncheſtre and Sampſon made a lyttle bragge at Fiij the 86 F3v the begynnynge, to ſeme yet to do ſumwhat, but ſens they have repented, and made a large amēendes for it other wayes Perryn. fryre Peryn begāanne to wryte in defence of their monſtruouſe Maſſe, but now of late dayes, and he can not fynde therin one blaſphemouſe abuſe juſtlye to be reprehended. Men ſaye, there be craftye knaves abroade in the worlde in all ages Well, thys polytyck ſylēence wold do wele alſo paravēenture īin other matters. For the take hede more ruffelynges they make, & the more murther they do, for that ydell kynged ōom of theirs, the more clere the veryte apereth, and the more vyle their forcerouſe wares. For the more dyrt be ſhaken (they ſaye) the more it ſtynketh. Germanes.

So outragyouſly to rayle in their preachynges, of the noble and lerned Germanes (whych of all nacyons loveth our kynge moſt inteyrlye) for ſecludynge their pope and changynge their maſſes, they do not moſt wyſelye for themſelves. They are not ſo ill beloved of their cuntraye merchaūuntes, whych cuſtomablye travayle Peryns ſermons. thydre, but they know what is then both ſayd & done agaynſt thēem. By that meanes came Peryns boke of hys iii. moſt 87 F4r 44 moſt ydolatrouſe & foxyſh ſermōons, firſt of all to my hāandes. Wherin he rhetorycallye calleth them, in the hote zele of hys Romyſh father, the erronyouſe Germanes, ſubtyle witted heretykes, obſtynate adverſaryes, newe fangled expoſitours, perverſe ſacramēentaryes, blaſphemouſe apoſtataes, wycked wretches, devylyſh lyars, lewde lyvers, & abhomynable belevers, with ſoche other lyke. Buut certaynelye I knowe, that they wyll one daye be evēen with hym & with other lyke apes Wyncheſtre. of Antichriſt, for it. Whāan the popes great dāanſynge beare, a proude prāankynge prelate of thers, was the laſt yeare with the emprour Charles at hys fourth goynge agaynſt the ſeyd Germanes, hys braggynge begles were not aſhamed to boaſt it in the open ſtretes of Utrecht in Hollande, that the pope ſhuld agayne have hys fullſwaye in Englāande. Of a lykely hode they knowe there, ſome ſecrete myſteryes in workynge. I ſaye yet, be ware of that ſubtyle generacyōon, whych ſeketh not els but to worke all myſchefe.

Gentyll and ſoft wyttes are oft tymes offended, that we are now a dayes ſo vehement in rebukes. But thys wolde Fiiij I fayne 88 F4v Modeſtie I fayne knowe of them, what modeſtye they wolde use (as they call it) if they were compelled to fyght with dragōons, hyders, and other odyble mōonſters. How pacyēent they wolde be an how gentyll, if a ravenouſe wolfe came upōon thēem, they havynge able weapon to put hym a ſyde Surelye I knowe no kynde of Chriſten charytye to be ſhewed to the devyll. Of non other nature is Moſes ſerpent, but to eate up the ſerpentes of Pharaoes ſorcerers, Exod.7. If we ded ſuffre anye longar the oke grove of Baal to ſtande Oke grove. aboute the aultre of the lorde, we shuld moche offende hys cōommaundemēentt Judi.6. If I ſhould holde my peace and not ſpeake in thys age, the veryte ſo blaſphemed, my conſcyence wolde both accuſe me and condempne me of the unconſyderaunce Cōonſcyēence. of my lorde God. More precyouſe is the thynge whych is in daylye controverſye and parell (whych is now Gods true honoure) than is all thys worldes treaſure here. What Chriſten hart can abyde it, to ſe the creature yea not of God but of man, to be worſhypped in the ſtede of God, and ſaye notynge 89 F5r 45 nothynge therin?

Salomon ſayth, there is as wele a hate thēem. tyme to ſpeake, as a tyme to kepe ſylence, and a tyme as wele to hate, as a tyme to love, Eccleſiaſtes 3. With a perfyght hate, lorde (sayth David) have I hated thoſe bloudthurſtye enemyes whych were in their preſumpcyōon agaynſt the, Pſalme 118. Stronglye and with moſt myghtye ſtomack, are hypocrytes to be invaded, whych wyll not geve place Exāamples. to the veryte. Marke how myghtelye Moſes reſyſted Pharao, Helyas kynge Achab, Helyſeus Joram, Zachary Joas, Daniel the ydolaters, Johan Baptiſt the Pharyſees and Herode, Stevēen the Jewes, the Apoſtles the Byſhoppes ; preſtes. Chriſt rebuked hys dyſcyple Peter, & bade hym, come after hym devyll, Math.16. Yet called he Judas hys frynde, Math.26. Neceſſarye is it that the elect flocke of God, do hate the uncleane Wycleve and huſs. ſowles, whych yet holde their habytacyon in Babylon, Apoca. 18. Johan wycleve and Johan huſs confeſſe in their writynges, that they were by ſtronge force inwardlye conſtrayned of God to Fv worke 90 F5v worke agaynſt the great Antichryſt. Eraſmus boldelye uttered it, that God for the evyls of thys lattre age, hath provyded ſharpe pheſycyanes. Quenche not the ſprete (sayth S. Paule) deſpyſe Sprete. not prophecyes, 1.Theſſalon.5. I put my erneſt wordes into thy mouthe (ſayd the lorde to Hieremye) that thu ſhuldeſt both deſtroye and buylde. Hieremye 1. Lete thys ſuffyſe ye concernynge our rebukes, for they are Gods enemyes whom we invade.

If ye perceyve it and fele it on the other ſyde, that the waves of the ſee are Waves. great alſo, and doth horryblye rage in theſe dayes, Pſalme 92. Cōonſydre agayne (sayth David) that the lorde whych dwelleth on hygh, is a great dele myghtyer than they. As he is of power to ceaſe the ſtorme and to make the wether caulme, Pſalme 106. So is he able to change a kynges indignacyon (whych is but deathe) into moſt peaceable faver Praye ; obeye. and louuvynge gentylneſſe, Proverbiorum 16. For the hart of a kynge is evermore in the hande of God, and he maye turne it whych waye he wyll, Prover.21. Hys eternall 91 F6r 46 eternall pleasure it is, that ye ſhuld ho noure your kynge as hys immedyate mynyſter cōoncernynge your bodyes and lyves 1. Petri 2. and that ye ſhuld with all gentylneſſe obeye the temporall rulers, Romano. 13. But ſoche ſpirytuall hypocrytes, both Byſhoppes and preſtes, as are continuall haters of hys heavenlye Abhorre. verite, wolde he that we ſhuld holde for moſt deteſtable apoſtataes and blaſphemouſe reprobates, as ded Chriſt and hys Apoſtles whych never obeyed them, Mathei 23. Acto.20. and 2.Petri 2. The grace of that lorde Jheſus Chriſt, be ever with them, whych ryghtlye hate that ſynagoge of Sathan, as ded Anne Aſkewe, Amen.

God ſtandeth by the generacyon of the ryghteouſe, Pſal.13.

92 F6v

Thus endeth the firſt examynacyon of Anne Aſkewe, latelye done to deathe by the Romyſh popes malycyouſe remnaunt, and now canonyſed in the precyouſe bloude of the lorde Jeſus Chriſt. Imprented at Marpurg in the lande of Heſſen, in 1546-11No­ vembre, Anno 1546.

93 F7r

The voyce of Anne Aſkewe out of the 54.Pſalme of David, called. Deus in nomine tuo.

For thy names ſake, be my refuge,

And in thy truthe, my quarell judge.

Before the (lorde) lete me be hearde,

And with faver my tale regarde

Loo, faythleſſe men, agaynſt me ryſe,

And for thy ſake, my deathe practyſe.

My lyfe they ſeke, with mayne & myght

Whych have not the, afore their fyght

Yet helpeſt thu me, in thys dyſtreſſe,

Savynge my ſowle, from cruelneſſe.

I wote thu wylt revenge my wronge,

And vyſyte them, ere it be longe.

I wyll therfor, my whole hart bende,

Thy gracyouſe name (lorde) to commende.

From evyll thu haſt, delyvered me,

Declarynge what, myne enmyes be.

Prayſe to God.

94 F7v

Who ſo ever lyveth, and beleveth in me, ſhall never dye. Ioan.11.

A drawing of a tree, with a banner saying Amor vincit omnia. There appears to be a shield at the base of the tree with the initials IhU on it. Amor vincit omnia.

He that heareth my wordes, and beleveth on hym that ſent me, hath everlaſtynge lyfe, and ſhall not come into dampnacyon, but paſſe from deathe unto lyfe. Ioan.5.