The lattre examinacyon
of Anne Aſkewe, latelye martyred
in Smythfelde, by the wycked
Synagoge of Antichriſt,
with the Elucydacyon of
I wyll poure out my ſprete upōon all fleſh (ſayth God) your ſonnes and your doughters ſhall prophecye. And who ſo ever call on the name of the lorde/ſhall be ſaved.Johel.ii.
Johan Bale to the
In the prymatyve churche, as the horryble perſecucy ōons increaſed, manye dylygēent wryters collected the godlye anſwers and tryumphaūunt ſufferynges of the martyrs, as neceſſarye examples of Chriſten conſtancye to be folowed of other. Of thys nōombre was Lucas, whych wrote the Apoſtles actes So were after hym Linus, Marcellus, Writers. Egeſippus, Meliton Aſianus, Abdias Babylonius, Ioſephus Antiochenus, Clemens Alexandrinus, Antherus, Phileas, Euſebius, Nicephorus, & a great ſort more. Fabianus, not a chayre Byſhopp, but a pulpet Byſhopp of Rome, ordayned in hys tyme for that onlye offyce vii. deacōons & ſo manye notayres, aboute the yeare of our lorde. 0236CC.XXXVI. that they ſhuld faythfullye regeſtre ther notaireys martyrdomes, to holde thēem in contynuall remembraunce, as witneſſeth Platina Polydorus, Maſſeus, & ſoch other chronyclers.Aij nyclers. 003 Aiiv nyclers. No leſſe neceſſarye is that offyce now, though fewe mēen attempt it, nor no leſſe profytable to the chriſtēen cōommōonwelth than it was in thoſe terryble dayes. For now are perſecucyōons all Chriſtendome martyrs over, ſo wele as were than. Now are the true Chriſtyanes vexed of the ſyttynge Byſhoppes for their Chriſten beleve, ſo wele as than. Now are they revyled, ponnyſhed, impryſoned, & have all evyll ſpoken agaynſt them for Chriſtes verytees ſake. Math.5. ſo wele as than.
And what can be more confortable to the ſufferers, than to knowe the erneſt ſufferers. conſtancye of their troubled companyons in that kyngedome of pacyēence? Apo. 1. or to marke in them the ſtronge workynge of faythe, & beholde the myghtye mageſte of God in their agonyes? what though they were afore, ſynners of the worlde. Saynt Bernarde ſayth in hys homelyes Bernardus. upon Salomons cantycles, that the godlye ſufferaunce of martyrs hath geven as good erudycyon to the chriſten churche, as ever ded the doctryne of the ſayntes. Than is it mete that ſome be ſterynge, and not that all men in theſe dayes be ydell/concernynge that godlye offyce. 004 Aiijr 3 offyce. Manye have ſuffered in thys realme Barnes. and other of late years, by the bolde callynge on of Antichriſtes furyouſe advocates, whoſe lattre confeſſyons, cauſes, and anſwers, are a great deale more notable ; godlye, if they be ryghtlye wayed, than ever were the confeſſyons, cauſes and anſwers of the olde canonyſed martyrs, whych in the popes Englyſh churche have had ſo manye ſolempnytees, ſervyces, and ſenſynges. Manye have alſo moſt Recāanters deſperatlye recanted through their moſt wycked perſuaſyons and threttenynges, in whoſe vayne recantacyons are both to be ſeane, their blaſphemyes agaynſt God, and manyfeſt treaſons agaynſt their kynge.
Now in conferrynge theſe martyrs, the olde with the newe / and the popes with Chriſtes. I ſeclude firſt of all the Brytayne churche, or the prymatyve churche of thys realme, whych never had autoryte Brytayne churche. of the Romyſh pope. Her martyrs in dede were agreable to that Chriſt ſpake afore in the Goſpell concernynge hys martyrs, wherby we ſhuld knowe thēem, as we evydentlye fynde in the lyves of Emerita kynge Lucyes ſyſter, AmphibalusAiij balus, 005 Aiiiv balus, Albanus, Aaron, Julius, Dionothus, & ſoch other. I ſende yow forth (ſayth he) as ſhepe amonge wolves. Mēen Chriſt. ſhall delyver ye up in their counſels and ſynagoges. Ye ſhall be brought before rulers and kynges, and be hated of all men in a maner for my names ſake, Mathei 10. Caſt not afore in your myndes what anſwere to make. For I in that houre ſhall geve ye both utteraunce and wyſdome, whych all your adverſaryes ſhall not be hable to withſtande, Luce 21. They Byſhoppes. ſhall excommunycate yow or condēempne yow for heretykes. Yea, they ſhall brynge yow in ſoche hate of the world, that who ſo ever kylleth yow, wyll thynke he doth God great good ſervyce. And thys ſhall they do bycauſe they knowe ryghtlye neyther the father nor yet me, Joan.16.
Manye other lyke ſentēences left the lorde Jeſ9us Chriſt in hys holye Goſpell, that we ſhuld alwayes by thēem dyſcerne hys true martyrs, frōom the popes & Mahometes con̄ūun terfett martyrs. In Englāand here ſens the firſt plāantacyon of the popes Englyſh churche, by Auguſtyne & other Romyſh Englyſh churche. monkes of Benettes ſuperſtycyōon, ii. kyndes of martyrs hath bene, One of monaſteryenaſterye 006 Aiiijr 4 naſterye buylders and chaunterye founders, whom the temporall prynces & ſecular magiſtrates have dyverſlye done to deathe, ſumtyme for dyſobedyence, ; ſumtyme for manyfeſt treaſon, as we have Martyrs of Wallenus of Crowlande, Thomas of Lāancaſtre, Rycharde Scrope, Becket ; ſoch other. The ymages of theſe have bene ſett up in their tēemples, lyke the olde goddes of the paganes, & have had ther vygyls, holye dayes, ryngynges, ſacryfyſynges, cāandels, offerynges, feaſtynges, ; moch a do beſydes, as they had. The other ſort were preachers of the Goſpell, or Other martyrs. poore teachers therof īin corners, whāan the perſecucyōon was ſoche, that it myght not be taught abroade. And theſe poore ſowles, or true ſervauntes of God, were put to deathe by the holye ſpirytuall fathers Byſhoppes, preſtes, monkes, chanons, ; fryers for hereſye & lollerye, they ſaye. Theſe Chriſten martyrs were never ſol ēempnyſed of thēem. No, they had not ſo moch No dyrge as a penye dyrge or a grote maſſe of Requiem, nomore than had Johan Baptyſt and Steven amonge the Jewes. But they have bene holden for condempned heretykes ever ſens.Aiiij Who 007 Aiiiiv
Who ever hearde anye goodneſſe yet reported of Dionothus with hys M. ; CC. companyons, whom Auguſtyne cauſed Auguſtyne. to be ſlayne at Weſtcheſtre in hys churches begynnynge, bycauſe they wolde not preache as he ded apoynt them, nor baptyſe after the Romyſh maner, neyther yet hallowe the eaſtre feaſt as they ded. Manye a bleſſed creature, both men ; womēen, have bene brēent ſens Johāan Wycleves Wycleve tyme & afore, for onlye dyſcloſynge the pharyſees yokes & teachynge the Goſpels lyberte. And thēem have that bawdye bloudye Synagoge of Sathāan dyffamed, blaſphemed, condēempned, execrated ; curſed to hell as moſt deteſtable heretykes and dogges. Where as if they were Suffre. of Chriſt, they ought (in caſe they were their haters or enemyes) to ſuffre thēem, to ſaye wele of them, to do them good, ; to praye for them. Math.5. Luce 6. and not thus to uſe more tyrannye over them, than ever ded Saracene, Turke, Tyran̄ūunt or devyll. A great dyfference is there of the martyrs whom they make, from the Dyfference of martyrs. martyrs whom they canonyſe. Of them whom they dampne, from them whom they worſhypp. Yea, ſo great a dyfferencece or 008 Avr 5 ce or dyverſyte betwyn them (if ye marke them wele) as is betwixt golde and dyrt, or lyght and darkeneſſe.
The martyrs, whoſe deathes they have Martyrs procured by all ages of their bloudthurſtye church, harkened unto Chriſt, healde of ryghtouſneſſe, & ſought their lorde God in ſprete, Eſa. 51. but the martyrs for the moſt part, whom they have with ſo manye latyne mawlynges, torches & candell burnynges, magnyfyed in their temples, harkened to the pope, healde of hys unryghtouſneſſe, & ſought out hys ſuperſtycyouſe ydolatryes. In Compare the conferrynge of their olde canonyſed martyrs, with our newlye condempned martyrs here, Anne Aſkewe and her other iii. companyons, with ſoch lyke, their dyfferennce wyll be moch more eaſelye perceyved. firſt lete us begynne with Becket. Thomas Becket, whych was ſo gloryouſe a martyr and precyouſe advocate of theirs, that they made hys bloude equall with Chriſtes bloude and deſyred to clyme to heaven therby. Manye wonderfull myracles myracles coulde that mytred patrone of theirs do in thoſe dayes, whan the monkes had fryre Bakons bokes and knewe Av the 009 Avv the beſtowynge of fryre Bōongayes myſtes but now he can do non at all. Thys Becket in all hys floryſhynge doynges, harkened to the pope, defended hys pompouſe kyngedome, ſupported hys churches exceſſe, & wretchedlye dyed for the ſynnefull lybertees of the ſame. Anne Aſkewe Ryght martyrs. ; her ſort, gave dylygēent hede to their lorde Jeſus Chriſt, ſought the kyngedome of heaven in daylye repentaunce, myghtelye deteſted all ydolatrouſe worſhyppynges, & in concluſyon ſuffered moſt tryumphaunt deathe for the ſame.
Cōoncernynge other martyrs. As Wenefryd Bonifacius Angl9us , otherwyſe called Bonyface an Englyſh mōonke ; archebyſhopp of Magunce was ſlayne cōonfirmynge neophytes, or profeſſyng hys newlye baptyſed brode to the Romyſh popes obedyēence. There was foūunde aboute hym a caſket full of rellyckes or dead mēennys bones, whāan he was put to deathe in the yeare of our lorde, 0755755. Anne Aſkewe & her felyſhypp, had non other rellyckes aboute thēem, whāan they ſtode at the ſtake to be brent in Smythfelde. but a bundell of the ſacred ſcriptures encloſed in ther hartes, and redye to be uttered agaynſt Antichriſtes ydolatryes, Saynt 010 Avir 6 Saynt Clare of Orcheſtre contemnynge Clarus, lawfull marryage, made hym ſelfe an ydell preſt, & was byheaded in hys owne Clitāancus gardene by procuremēent of a woman. S. Clytanke of Southwales, was in lyke caſe ſtabbed in with a dagger, bycauſe a yonge mayden loved hym. The onlye true honoure of God was it, & no wordlye cauſe, that Anne Aſkewe & her companye dyed for. Saynt Edwyne beynge we le Edwin9us le armed, was ſlayne in battayle at Hatfelde Edwardus. in the North, and S. Edwarde rydynge a Huntynge in the foreſt of Warham in the wweaſt, was kylled upon hys horſe in drynkynge a cuppe of wyne. And all thys was done for the kyngedomes of thys worlde. The martyrdome of Anne Aſkewe and her Bretherne, was neyther in battelynge nor huntynge, rydynge nor drynkynge, but in that ryght courſe whych Chriſt preſcrybed unto hys dyſcyples undre the cruell Byſhoppes, for hys onlye glorye.
Saynct Cadock of Cowbridge a Byſhopp, Cadocus. was pearced through with a ſpeare, as he ſtode at hys Maſſe at one of the clocke at after none, bycauſe he wolde be of the order of martyrs. Saynt Elphege 011 Aviv Elphege archebyſhopp of Caunterburye was ſtoned to deathe of the Danes, bycauſe he wolde not paye them thre. M. Marke, in the yeare of our lorde. M. and Lanfrancus. xi. Of ſoch martyrs, moch doubted Lanfrancus, whych ſucceded hym in that offyce about a iiii. ſcore years after, and dyſputed therof with Anſelmus. The cauſe of Anne Aſkewe and her companyons, was neyther madneſſe nor moneye, but the onlye ſekynge of their lorde Indract9us God a ryght. As Saynt Indract with other devoute pylgrymes of Rome laye in bed in their inne at Shapwyck by Glaſtenbury, their throtes were cut in the nyght for moneye, whych was reckened to be in their pylgrymes ſcryppes. Saynt Juthware a vyrgyne was byheaded alſo, for layenge freſh cheſe or cruddes Juthwara. whether ye wyll, to her breſtes. The cauſe of Anne Aſkewe and her other fellawes, conferred with Chriſtes ſcriptures, ſemeth a farre other matter. Hewalde the blacke and Hewalde the whyght Hewaldi duo. ii. Englyſh mōonkes, goynge frōom place to place with cruettes, chalyce, and ſuperaltare, to do their daylye ſacryfyces, were done to deathe in Friſlande by the bowers 012 Aviir 7 bowers of the cuntraye for teachynge a ſtraunge relygyon, and are worſhypped at Coleyne for martyrs. For bearynge Anne Aſkewe. about Chriſtes teſtament, whych is moſt heavenlye treaſure, and for ſpredynge the wholſom doctryne therof, was Anne Aſkewe and her ſort brent by the preſtes procurement, yet axe they no honour for it.
Oſytha runnynge awaye from her Oſitha huſbande, by the intyſement of ii. monkes bycame a profeſſed nonne, and was murthered of the Danes. Wenefryda Wenefrida. by counſell of a preſt, dyſdaynouſlye refuſynge the marryage of a prynce chriſtened, loſt her head for it. Maxentia alſo Maxēentia played a part not all unlyke to thys. Soch pylde popyſh martyrdomes, compared to the martyrdome of Anne Aſkewe and her faythfull cumpanye, is as is ruſtye yron compared to pure ſylver. S. Guilhelmus. Wyllyam of Rocheſtre a Scotte, leavynge both wyfe and howſholde, ydellye to trudge on pylgrymage, was ſtrycken in the head with an axe/of hys owne companyon by the waye. Saynt Thomas of Thomas. Dover a monke was ſoch a wone, as was ſlayne of the frenche men for hydyngedynge 013 Aviiv dynge the churches jewels, croſſes, chalyces & copes. No ſoch lyght corruptyble vanytees were they, that Anne Aſkewe ; her conſtaunt bretherne dyed for, but for the precyouſe veryte of God. Yonge Yonge Sayntes. S. Wyllyam of Norwych, yonge S. Robert of Burye, yonge S. Hugh of Lyncolne, yōonge S. Melor of Cornewayle, yōong S. Kenelme of Gloceſtre, yōonge S. Eldrede of Rāamſaye & hys brother, with ſoch other lyke, were but verye babes (they ſaye) ; were martyred of the Jewes & of other enemyes. Wherfor their martyrdomes ſhall be but babyſh in comparyſon of theſe, the veryte havynge by them ſo ſmall furtheraunce.
Foillanus & hys iii. bretherne, goynge Foillan9us homeward in the nyght, after they had wele banketed with S. Gertrude & her nonnes, were kylled in a wood of one murtherer, and their horſes ſolde in the next market towne. Juſtinanus, S. Davyes ghoſtlye father in Wales, was ſlayne Juſtinanus. in a gardene of hys iii. monkes, bycauſe he compelled them to do more laboure than he wolde do hys ſelfe. After Kilianus was come home from Rome, he Kilianus was murthered in hys ſelle with other holye 014 Aviiir 8 holye pylgrymes by a woman, as they laye there a ſlepe in the nyght. Saynt Urſula alſo and her ſhe pylgrymes, Urſula. with their chaplaynes, nurſes, and ſuckynge babes, were but homelye handeled at Coleyne of the hunnes and pyctes (if that legende be true) as they were commynge homewardes from Rome. Compare me Anne Aſkewe and her condempned cumpanye, with theſe Provethe ſpretes. clowted, canonyſed, ſolempnyſed, ſenſed, mattenſed, and maſſed martyrs, and tell me by the Goſpels tryall, whych of them ſeme moſt Chriſtenlyke martyrs. Yea, brynge ſaynt Edmonde of Burye. S. Fremūunde of Dunſtable, S. Ethelbert of Herforde, S. Oſwalde of Gloceſtre, S. Oſwyne of Tynmoth, and Saynt Edmūund9us Fremn̄ūund9us ; other. Wynſtane of Eveſham (whych are the beſt of the Englyſh martyrs) to the touche ſtone of Gods worde, & ye ſhall fynhe their martyrdomes and cauſes full unlyke to theirs whom the Byſhoppes murther now apace in Englande. In all theſe Englyſh martyrs reherced Tokens. here afore, ye ſhall fynde verye fewe coloures or yet tokens, that Chriſt ſayd hys martyrs ſhuld be knowne by, unleſſe ye take 015 Aviiiv take pylgrymages, pōompes rellyckes, women, battels, hūuntynges, ydelneſſe, mōonkeryes, moneye, treaſure, worldlye kyngedomes, the autor contēempt of marryage, ſuperſtycyōons ; ſoch other vanytees for thēem. And than wyll I ſaye, & not lye in it/ that ye are moch better overſeane thāan lerned in the ſcriptures of God/ as your olde blynde bludderynge predeceſſours hath bene. Ye Good ſtore. wyll axe me here, if I reckēen Englāande thāan all barrēen of Chriſtēen martyrs? Naye marry do I not, for I knowe it hath had good ſtore ſēens the popes faythe came firſt into Englande to the Goſpels obſcuracy ōon/ though their names be not knowne to all mēen. Great tyrāannye was ſhewed by the heythnyſh emprours & kynges at Brytannyſh. the firſt preachynge of the Goſpell in the prymatyve churche of the Brytaynes/ by the cruell callynge on of the pagane preſtes But nothynnge lyke to that hath bene ſhewed ſēens in the Englyſh churche by Englyſh. the ſpirytuall tyran̄unt of Rome & hys mytred termagaūuntes/ at the provocacyōon of ther oyled ſwylbolles & blynd Balaamytes. For they moſt cruellye brēent thoſe innoc ēentes/ whych ded but only reade the teſtam ēent of God in their mother tunge/ & do not 016 Bir 9 not yet repent them of that myſchefe but contynewe therein.
If ye marke wele theſe ii. examynacyons of Anne Aſkewe, ye ſhall fynde in her and in her other iii. companyons, beſydes Tokens. other whōom the Byſhoppes in our tyme and afore hath brent, the expreſſe tokens that Chriſt ſealeth hys martyrs with. They apered as ſhepe amonge wolves. They were throwne in ſtronge preſon. They were brought forth into counſels and ſynagoges. Their anſwers were Anſwers out of Gods ſprete (as herin apereth) and not out of their owne. They were revyled, mocked, ſtocked, racked, execrated, condempned, and murthered, as is ſayd afore. By a ſpirytualte alſo, as he Tyran̄ūuntes promyſed they ſhuld be, Math. 23. and 24. Yea, thoſe ſpirytuall tyrauntes beſydes their mortall malyce upon the innocent bodyes, have moſt blaſphemouſlye uttered in their ſpyghtfull ſermons and writynges, that their ſowles are dampned, as is to be ſeane in the bokes of wyncheſtre and Peryn. But lete them be ware Wyncheſtre Peryn. leaſt they dampne not their owne wretched ſowles. For full ſure we are by Chriſtes ſtronge promes, Luce 12. That B their 017 Biv their ſowles they can not harme with all their popes blacke curſes. Full ſwetelye reſt they now in the peace of God, where their ſlaunderouſe and malycyouſe judgementes can not hurte them at all. Dapi. 3. Lete thoſe Epycures pygges epycures pygges. dampne them with as manye blaſphemouſe lyes as they can ymagyne, for other armour they have not. And we ſhall on the other ſyde canonyſe them agayne with the myghtye wordes and promyſes of Chriſt, whych they ſhall never be hable to reſiſt. The father of our Lyght. lorde Jeſus Chriſt, graunt the lyght of hys worde ſo to ſprede the worlde over that the darke myſtes of Sathan maye clerelye be expelled, to the ſpecyall confort of hys redemed churche, and glorye of hys eternall name.
The lattre examination of the worthye ſervaunt of God maſtres Anne Aſkewe the yōonger doughter of Sir Wyllyam Aſkewe knyght of Lyncolne ſhyre, latelye martyred in Smithfelde by the wycked Synagoge of Antichriſt.
The cenſure or judgem ēent of Johan Bale therupon, after the ſacred Scriptures and Chronycles.
Chriſt wylled hys moſt dere Apoſtle and ſecretarye S. Joh āan. Saynt Johāan the Evangeliſt, to ſygnyfye by writynge to the overſear or preacher of the congregacyon of Pergamos, that there onlye are hys faythfull mēembers murthered, where Sathāan inhabyteth or holdeth Bij reſydence 019 Biiv reſydence. And for exāample he bryngeth forth hys conſtaunt witneſſe Antipas, whych was there moſt cruellye ſlayne of that Synagoge of hys, for confeſſynge the veryte, Apoca.2. That Behemoth (ſayth Job) that Levyathan, that Sathan, regneth as a moſt myghtye kynge over all the ſpirytuall chyldren of pryde. Job 42. A murtherer (ſayth Chriſt to Sathan. the ſpirytualte of the Jewes) and a blaſphemouſe lyar, is that father of yours, ; hath bene from the worldes begynnynge Joan.8. Theſe maners hath he not yet left, but contynueth them ſtyll in hys wycked poſteryte.
Inn the prymatyve churche (as teſtyfyeth Bedas) they perſecuted the heares of Chriſtes heares. Chriſtes head, whych were ſo pure as the whyte wolle that is apte to receyve all colours, Apoca,.1. They ſlewe thoſe true belevers whych hys worde & ſprete had depured from all falſe worſhyppynges, and made fytt for all trybulacyons to be ſuffered for hys names ſake. In theſe lattre Chriſtes fete. dayes they meddele with his fete, whych are lyke unto braſſe, burnynge as it were in an whote furnace, Apo.1. For they that beleve now agreably to hys worde, 020 Biijr 11 worde, and not after ther corrupted and curſed cuſtomes, are conſumed in the fyre. Fyre. As here after wyll apere by thys godlye woman Anne Aſkewe, whych with other more was brent at London in the yeare of our lorde a 1546M.D.XLVI. For the faythfull teſtymonye of Jeſu agaynſt Antichriſt. Whoſe lattre handelynge here foloweth in courſe, lyke as I receyved it in coppye, by ſerten duche Coppye. merchauntes cōommynge frōom thens, whych had bene at their burnynge, and beholden the tyrannouſe vyolence there ſhewed. Firſt out of the preſon ſhe wrote unto a ſecrete frynde of hers, after thys manner er folowynge.
I do perceyve (dere frynde in the lorde) that thu art not yet perſuaded throughlye in the truthe concernynge the lordes ſupper, bycauſe Chriſt ſayd unto Chriſt. hys Apoſtles. Take, eate Thys is my bodye whych is geven for yow. In gevynge forth the breade as an outwarde ſygneBiij ne 021 Biiiv ne or token to be receyved at the mouthe, he mynded them in a perfyght beleve to receyve that bodye of hys whych ſhuld dye for the people, or to thynke the deathe therof, the onlye helthe and ſalvacyon of their ſowles. Breade. The breade and the wyne were left us, for a ſacramentall communyon, or a mutuall pertycypacyon of the ineſtymable benefyghtes of hys moſt precyouſe deathe and bloud ſhedynge. And that we ſhuld in the ende therof, be thankefull togyther for that moſt neceſſarye grace of our redempcyon. For in the cloſynge up therof, he ſayd thus. Thys do ye, in remēembraunce of me. Yea, ſo oft as ye Remēembre ſhall eate it or drynke it, Luce 22. and 1. Corinth. 11. Els ſhuld we have bene forgetfull of that we ought to have in daylye remembraunce,membra- 022 Biiijr 12 membraunce, & alſo bene altogyther unthankefull for it.
Agreable is thys womāannish doctryne Edere ; Bibere. here, to the ſcriptures of both teſtamēentes. Wherin theſe wordes Edere & Bibere, to eate & to drynke, are oft tymes ſpirytuallye taken for Credere, to beleve or receyve in faythe. The poore (ſayth David) ſhall eate and be ſatisfyed. All that ſeke to pleaſe the lorde ſhall prayſe hym, ; their ſowles ſhall never peryſh. Pſal. 21. They that eate me (ſayth the veryte of God) ſhall hungre more and more, Beleve. and they that drincke me ſhall thirſt more deſyerouſlye for me. Eccleſ. 24. Onleſſe ye eate the fleſhe of the ſonne of man (ſayth Chriſt) and drynke hys bloude, ye can have no lyfe in yow, Joāan. 6. Theſe ſcriptures expounde the doctours ſpirytuallye, yea, the papiſtes & all Evangelyſtes. Where as the other iii. Evangeliſtes. Mathew, Marke, and Luke, ſheweth nothynge els of the lordes ſupper but the playne hiſtorie, S. Johan writynge laſt of thēem all, manyfeſteth there the whole Doctryne. cōomplete doctryne & full underſtāandynge Biiij. therof 023 Biiiiv therof after Chriſtes owne inſtruccyons and meanynge. Requyred is it there, that the true receyvers therof, be taught of God, and lerned of the heavenlye father and not of ſynnefull mennes cuſtomes.
The worke of God, or that pleaſeth God, is not there the puttynge of breade Faythe. into the mouthe and bellye, but to beleve or exactlye to conſydre, that Chriſt dyed for us to clenſe us from ſynne, to joyne us into one myſtycall bodye, and to geve us the lyfe everlaſtynge. And that there is non other but he that can procure us that lyfe. For that whych entereth the mouthe, feadeth onlye the bodye. But that entereth faythe, feadeth the ſowle. I am the lyvynge breade Chriſt. ſayth he) whych came downe from heaven. He onlye that beleveth in me, hath the lyfe everlaſtynge, Joan.6. The ſprete is it that quyckeneth, the fleſhelye under ſtandynge, or onlye mouthe eatynge, profyteth nothynge at all. Here wyll an obſtynate papyſt paraventure ſaye, that we attrybute nothynge to the corporall Communyon. communyon. Ye as, we reverentlye, graunt, that ryghtlye mynyſtred after Chriſtesſtes 024 Bvr 13 ſtes inſtytucyon, it both confirmeth our faythe in the neceſſarye conſyderacyons of hys deathe, and alſo ſturreth up that brotherlye Chriſtēen love whych we ought Love. to have towardes our neyber, beſydes that thys faythfull woman hath ſpoken here of it afore. And theſe are the onlye frutes whych he requireth of us in that ſupper or ſacramentall metynge.
Therfor it is mete, that in prayers we call unto God, to grafte in our foreheades, the true meanynge of the holye Ghoſt concernynge thys communy ōon. For S. Paule doth ſaye Letter. that the letter ſlayeth. The ſprete is it onlye that geveth lyfe. 2.Cor.3. Marke wele the vi. chaptre of Johan, where all is applyed unto faythe. Note alſo the fort chaptre of S. Paules firſt epiſtle to the Corynthes, ; in the ende therof ye ſhall fynde playnelye, that the thynges Bv whych 025 Bvv whych are ſeane are temporall, but they that are not ſeane are everlaſtynge. Yea, loke in the third chaptre to the Hebrues, ; ye ſhall fynde that Chriſt as a Chriſt. ſonne and no ſervaunt, ruleth over hys howſe (whoſe howſe are we, and not the dead tēemple) if we holde faſt the confydence and rejoyſynge of that hope to the ende. Wherfor as ſayth the holye Ghoſt. To daye if yow ſhall heare hys voyce, harden not your hartes, &c, Pſalm.94.
By the fore heades underſtāande ſhe the Foreheades. hartes or myndes of men, for ſo are they takēen of S. Joh āan, Apoc.7. annd 22. I can not thynke, but herin ſhe had reſpect unto the plate of fyne golde whych the lorde commaunded to be ſett upon Aarōons foreheade, for the acceptacyon of the Hartes. people of Iſrael, Exodi. 2. For here wolde ſhe all mennys hartes to be endued and lyghtened with the moſt pure ſprete of Chriſt, for the underſtandynge of 026 Bvir 14 of that moſt holye and neceſſarye cōommunyon, the corrupted dreames and fantaſyes of ſynnefull men ſett a part. She knewe by the ſynngular gyft of the holye Ghoſt, that they are lyenge maſters, procurers of ydolatrye, and moſt ſpyghtfull enemyes to the ſowle of man, that applyeth Lyars that offyce to the corruptyble lyppes, whych belongeth to an unncorrupted faythe, ſo ſettynge the creature that is corruptyble breade, in place of the creator Chriſt both God and man, Roma. 1. lamentynge it with the ryghtouſe, at the verye hart rote. And in thys ſhe ſhewed A mēembre her ſelfe to be a naturall membre of Chriſtes myſtycall bodye. 1.Cor.12. relygyouſlye carefull for her Chriſten bretherne & ſyſterne, leaſt they ſhuld take harme of the popes maſmongers.
The ſumme of my examynacyōon afore the kynges counſell at Grenewyche.
Your requeſt as cōoncernynge Cōompanyons. my preſōon fellawes, I am not hable to ſatyſfye, bycauſe I hearde not their examynacyōons. But the effect of myne was thys I beynge before 027 Bviv beynge before the counſell, was aſked of maſtre Kyme. I anſwered, that my lorde chāancellour knewe all redye my mynde in that matter, They with that anſwere were not cōontented, but ſayd, it was the kynges pleaſure, that I Kyme. ſhuld open the matter to them. I anſwered thēem playnelye, that I wolde not ſo do. But if it were the kynges pleaſure to heare me, I wolde ſhewe hym the truthe. Then they ſayd, it was not mete for the kynge with me to be troubled. I anſwered, that Solomon Salomon was reckened the wyſeſt kynge that ever lyved, yet myſlyked not he to heare. ii. poore cōommon womēen, moch more hys grace a ſymple woman and hys faythfull ſubject. So in cōoncluſyon. I made thēem non other anſwere in that matter.
Johan Bale.Concer- 028 Bviir 15
Cōoncernynge maſtre Kyme, thys ſhuld Kyme. ſeme to be the matter. Her father Sir Wyllyam Aſkewe knyght and hys father olde maſtre Kyme, were ſumtyme of famylyaryte and neybers within the countye of Lyncolne ſhyre. Wherupon the ſeyd Sir Wyllyam, covenaunted wyth hym for lucre, to have hys eldeſt doughter marryed with hys ſonne and heyre (as an ungodlye maner it is in Englande An uſe. moch uſed amonge noble men) And as it was her chaunce to dye afore the tyme of marryage, to ſave the moneye he conſtrayned thys to ſupplye her rowme. So that in the ende ſhe was cōompelled agaynſt her wyll or fre conſent to marrye with hym. Notwithſtandynge the marryage ones paſt, ſhe demeaned her ſelfe lyke a Chriſten wyfe, annd had Marryed by hym (as I am infourmed) ii. chyldrēen. In proceſſe of tyme by oft readynge of the ſacred Bible, ſhe fell clerelye from all olde ſuperſtycyons of papyſtrye, to a perfyght beleve in Jheſus Chriſt. Wherby ſhe ſo offēended the preſtes (as is to be ſeane afore) that he at their ſuggeſtion, Exyled. vyolentlye drove her oute of hys howſe. Wherupōon ſhe thought her ſelfe free frōom that 029 Bviiv that uncomelye kynde of coacted marryage, by thys doctryne of S. Paule 1. Cor. 7. If a faytfull womāan have an unbelevynge huſbāande, whych wyll not tarrye with her, ſhe maye leave hym. For a brother or ſyſter is not in ſubjeccyōon to ſoch, ſpecyallye where as the marryage afore is unnlawfull. Upōon thys occaſyōon (I heare ſaye) ſhe ſought of the law a dyvorcemēent Dyvorcement. frōom hym, namelye and above all, bycauſe he ſo cruellye drove her out of hys howſe in deſpyght of Chriſtes veryte. She coulde not thynke hym worthye of her marryage whych ſo ſpyghtfullye hated God the A beaſt. chefe autor of marryage. Of thys matter was ſhe firſt examyned (I thynke) at hys inſtaunt laboure anbd ſute.
Then my lorde chauncellour aſked me of my opynyon in the ſacrament. My anſwere was Sacrament. thys. I beleve, that ſo oft as I in a Chriſten congregacyon, do receyve the breade in remembraunce of Chriſtes deathe, ; with thankes gevynge accordyngedynge 030 Bviiir 16 dynge to hys holye inſtytucyōon, I receyve therwith the frutes alſo of hys moſt gloryouſe paſſyon. Wyncheſtre. The Byſhopp of wyncheſtre bad me make a dyrect anſwere. I ſayd, I wolde not ſynge a newe ſonge to the lorde in a ſtraunge lande.
Dyrect ynough was thys anſwere after Chriſtes ſyngle doctryne, but not after the popes double and covetouſe meanynge Anſwere. for hys oyled quereſters advauntage. And here was at hande hys generall advocate or ſtewarde, to loke upon the matter, that nothynge ſhuld peryſh perteynynge to the mayntenaunce of hys ſuperſtycyouſe vayne glorye, if anye craftye polycye myght helpe it. What Tyraunt. offended thys godlye Chriſten woman here, eyther in opynyon or faythe, ye cruell and vengeable tyrauntes? But that ye muſt (as David ſayth) temper your tunges with venemouſe wordes to deſtroye the innocent. Pſal. 63. Coulde yow have brought in agaynſt her a matter of more daunger concernynge your 031 Bviiiv your lawes, to depryve her of lyfe, ye wolde Daunger have done it, ſoch is your goſtlye charyte. But be ſure of it, as hawtye as ye are now, the harde plage therof wyll be yours, whan the great vengeaunce ſhall fall for ſhedynge of innocentes bloude. Mathei 23.
Then the Byſhopp ſayd, I ſpake in parables. I anſwered Parables it was beſt for hym. For if I ſhewe the open truthe (quoth I) ye wyll not accept it. Thēen he ſayd I was a paratte. I tolde hym agayne, I was ready to ſuffre all thynges at hys hāandes. Not onlye hys rebukes, but all that ſhuld folowe beſydes, yea, and that gladlye. Then had I dyverſe Rebukes. rebukes of the counſell, by cauſe I wolde not expreſſe my mynde in all thynges as they wolde have me. But they were not in the meane tyme unanſwered for all that, whych now to 032 Cir 17 to rehearce, were to moche. For I was with them there above fyve houres. Then the clerke v. houres of the counſell conveyed me from thens to my ladye Garnyſhe.
Moſt cōommonlye Chriſt uſed to ſpeake in darke ſymylytudes and parables, whāan he perceyved hys audyence rather geven to the hearynge of pharyſaycall conſtytucyons and cuſtomes, than to hys heavenlye veryte, Math. 13. Mar. 4. Luce 7. Whych rule thys woman beynge hys true dyſcyple, forgote not here, in cōommenynge with thys proude Byſhopp, Wyncheſtre. whōom ſhe knewe to be alwayes a moſt obſtynate withſtander of that wholſom veryte of hys. And as concernynge mockes and ſcornefull revylynges, they have bene ever in that generacyon of ſcorners more plenteouſe than good counſels to the ryghtwyſe. And therfor as a name Mockers after their condycyons, it is unto them appropryate of the holye Ghoſt in manye places of the ſcriptures. In the lattreC tre 033 Civ tre dayes (ſayth Judas the apoſtle) ſhall come mockers, walkynge in ungodlyneſſe all after their owne luſtes. Theſe are they whych ſeparate themſelves frōom the common ſort by a name of ſpirytualtie, beynge in converſacyon beaſtlye, and Hypocrytes. havynge no ſprete that is godlye. But derelye beloved(ſayth he) grounde your ſelves ſurelye upon our moſt holye faythe, ;c;
The next daye I was brought agayne before the counſell. Then wolde they nedes knowe of me, what I ſayd to the ſacrament. Sacrament. I anſwered, that I alredye had ſayd that I coulde ſaye Then after diverse wordes, they bad me, go by. Then came my lorde Lyle, my lorde of Eſſexe, Wyncheſtre. and the Byſhopp of wyncheſtre requyrynge me erneſtlye, that I ſhuld confeſſe the ſacrament to be fleſhe, bloude and bone. Then ſayd I to my lorde Par and 034 Ciir 18 and my lorde Lyle, that it was great ſhame for them to counſell contrarye to their knowlege. Godlye. Wherunto in fewe wordes they ded ſaye, that they wolde gladlye all thynges were wele.
Alwayes have the worldelye governours ſhewed more gentylneſſe and Prynces. faver to the worde of God, than the conſecrate preſtes and prelates. As we have for example in the olde lawe, that Ezechias the kynge of Juda wolde in no caſe at their callynge on, put Micheas Micheas the true prophete unto deathe, whan he had prophecyed the deſtructyon of Samaria for their ydolatrye, and for the tyrannye of their prynces and falſe prophetes, Miche 1. and 3. Neyther wolde the prynces at the preſtes headye exclamacyons, murther Hieremye for the hieremye lordes veryte preachynge, but mercyfullye delyvered hym out of their malycyouſe handes, Hieremye 26. Pylate in Pylate. lyke caſe, concernynge the newe lawe, Cii pleated 035 Ciiv pleated with the Jewes ſpirytualte, to have ſaved Chriſt frōom the deathe, Math. 27. Joan.18. So ded the captayne Claudius Liſias/ Liſias delyver Paule from their mortall malyce, after that the hygh preſt Ananias had commaunded hym to be ſmytten, and hys retynewe cōonſpyred hys deathe, Acto.23. At the preſtes onlye provocacyon was it, that the heythnyſh emprours ſo grevouſlye vexed and tormented Ceſares. the Chriſten belevers in the prymatyve churche, as teſtyfyeth Egeſyppus, Clemens Alexandrinus, Euſebius, annd other olde hyſtoryanes.
Then the Byſhopp ſayd, he wolde ſpeake with me famylyarlye. I ſayd, ſo ded Judas whan he unfryndelye betrayed Chriſt Wyncheſtre. Then deſyered the Byſhopp to ſpeake with me alone. But that I refuſed. He aſked me, whye? I ſayd, that in the mouthe of two or thre wytneſſes everye matter ſhuld ſtande, after Chriſtesſtes 036 Ciijr 19 ſtes & Paules doctryne. Math. 18. and 2. Cor. 13.
Ded ſhe not (thynke yow) hytt the nayle on the head, in thus tauntynge thys Treaſon. Byſhopp? yeas. For as great offence doth he to Chriſt, that geveth one of hys belevynge members unto deathe, as ded he that betrayed firſt hys owne bodye. That ye have done unto thoſe lyttle ones (ſhall he ſaye at the lattre daye) whych have beleved in me, ye have done unto Chriſtes. myne owne perſone, Math.25. Who ſo toucheth them (ſayth Zacharye) ſhall touche the apple of the lordes owne eye. Zacha.2. But thys beleveth not that perverſe generacyon.
Then my lorde chauncellour begāanne to examyne me agayne of the ſacrament. Then I axed Sacrament. hym, how longe he wolde halte on both ſydes? Then wolde he nedes knowe, where I founde that? I ſayed in the ſcripture 3. Reg. 18, Thēen he wēent hys waye,
Of Helias the prophete were theſe wordes ſpoken, to the people of Iſrael, Halte, ſoch tyme as they halted betwyne ii. opyny ōons or walked unryghtlye betwyne the true lyvynge God, & the falſe God Baal as we do now in Englāande betwyne Chriſtes Goſpell and the popes olde rotten cuſtomes. We ſlenderlye conſydre with Englāande S. Paule, that Chriſt wyll have no felyſhypp or concorde with Belial, lyght with darkeneſſe, ryghtwyſneſſe with unryghtwyſneſſe, the temple of God with ymages, or the true belevers with the infydels, 2.Corinth.6. For all our nnewe Goſpell, yet wyll we ſtyll beare the ſtraūungers yoke with the unbelevers, and ſo become neyther whote nor colde, that God maye ſpewe us out of hys mouthe as unſaverye Cepidi. morſels. Apoc. 3. Saynge unto us as to the folyſh vyrgynes. Verelye I knowe yow not. Mathei 25.
Then the Byſhopp ſayd, I Brenne. ſhuld be brēente. I anſwered, that I had ſerched all the ſcriptures yet coulde I never fynde there that 038 Ciiiir 20 that eyther Chriſt or hys Apoſtles put anye creature to deathe. Well, well, ſayd I, God wyl laughe your threttenynges to ſcorne, Pſal. 2. Then was I cōommaunded to ſtande a ſyde.
Amonge other ſygnes, that the holye ſcripture geveth us to knowe an Antichriſt antichriſt by, it ſheweth that he ſhall be an adverſarye, 2. Theſ. 2. An unſacyable dogge, Eſa. 56. A perſuynge enemy, pſa. 4. An enemye in the ſanctuarye, Pſal 73 A ravenynge wolfe. Mat. 7. Luce 10. Joan. To brēenne. 10. Acto. 20. And a moſt cruell murtherer, Dani. 11. Joāan. 16. Apoc. 13. Unto ſoche (ſayth S. Johāan) is it gevēen to vexe mēen with heate of fyre, Apo. 16. The wyckedneſſe of preſtes (ſayth Hiere.) ſhedeth innocēentes bloude. Yea (ſaye they) ye muſt be brent, ye muſt dwell amonge the gentyles, Treno. 4. Or be committed to pryſon of the worldlye powers, & ſo put unto deathe by them. We marvele not therfor Preſtes. though theſe partes be played of proude Byſhoppes. Cōonſyderynge the holye Ghoſt muſt be fon̄unde true in hys forejudgem ēentes, ; that ſome ther muuſt be to 039 Ciiiiv do the feates. But trulye ded thys woman cōonclude with the prophecye of David, Pſalme 2. That God whych dwelleth God lawheth. in heaven ſhall have their tyrannye in deryſyon, and bringe all their wycked counſels to naught, in the clere openynge of hys worde, have they never ſo manye paynted colours of falſe ryghtwyſneſſe.
Then came maſtre Pagett to me with manye gloryouſe Pagett. wordes, and deſyred me to ſpeake my mynde to hym. I myght (he ſayd) denye it agayne, if nede were. I ſayd, that I wolde not denye the truthe. He aſked me, how I coulde avoyde the verye wordes of Chriſt. Take, eate. Thys is my bodye, whych ſhall be broken for yow. I anſwered, that Chriſtes meanynge Chriſtes meanynng was there, as in theſe other places of the ſcripture. I am the dore, Joan. 10. I am the vyne 040 Cvr 21 vyne, Joan. 15. Beholde the lambe of God, Joan. 1. The rocke ſtone was Chriſt. 1 Cor. 10. and ſoch other lyke. Ye maye not here (ſayd I) take Chriſt for the materyall thynge that he is ſygnyfyed Sygnyfye. by. For than ye wyll make hym a verye dore, a vyne, a lambe, and a ſtone, cleane cōontrarye to the holye Ghoſtes meanynge. All theſe in dede do ſygnyfye Chriſt, lyke as the breade doth hys bodye in that place. And though he ded ſaye there. Take, eate thys in remēembraunce Remembraunce. of me. Yet ded he not byd them hange up that breade in a boxe, and make it a God, or bowe to it.
Moche a do is here made, and manye ſubtyle wayes are ſought out, to brynge thys woman into their corrupted, and falſe beleve, that the corruptyble creature Idolatrye. made with handes, myght ſtande in Cv place 041 Cvv place of the eternall creator or maker God and man for the preſtes advauntage. But all is in vayne. In no caſe wolde Not in breade. he ſo accept it. Nothyng leſſe mynded Chriſt, than to dwell in the breade, or to become a feadynge for the bodye, whan he ſayd. Take, eate. Thys is my bodye. For a contrarye doctryne he taught hys dyſcyples the yeare afore hys laſt ſupper, as we have in the vi. chaptre of Johan Where as he declareth hys fleſh to be a ſpirytuall meate, hys bloude a ſpirytuall ſpirytuall drynke, annd both thēem to be receyved in faythe, the breade and the wyne remaynynge as ſygnes of hys everlaſtynge covenaunt. Reaſon is it, that he rather be judged the receyver whych lyveth in that refeccyon, than he whych lyveth nnot therby. Whych is the ſowle and the eater not the bodye, What neaded Chriſt to have geven to thoſe bodyes a newe bodylye feadynge, whych were ſuffycyentlye fed afore with the paſſe over lambe? If he had not ment therin ſome other maner of thynge?
But he ſuffycyēentlye ynough declareth hys owne meanynge, Luce 22. Where he cōommaundeth us to do it in hys remēembraunce,braunce, 042 Cvir 22 braunce, and not to make hym agayne Remembraunce. by blowynge upon the breade. Thys ſacramentall eatynge and drynkynge in hys remēembraunce, S. Paule more largely declareth, 1, Cor, 11. So oft (ſayth he) as ye ſhall eate of that breade and drynke of that cuppe, ye ſhall ſhewe the lordes deathe tyll he come. If ye erneſtlye marke that lattre clauſe (tyll he come) ye Tyll he come. ſhall wele perceyve that hys bodylye preſ ēence in the breade, is utterlye denyed there. More over in the afore ſayd xxii. chaptre of Luke, bycauſe we ſhuld not be to ſcrupuloſe. Chriſt ſheweth what that wyne & breade of hys ſupper were, yea, as he left thēem there, evēen īin theſe wordes. I ſaye unto yow (ſayth he) that hens forth I ſhall not drynke of thys frute of the Frute of the vyne. vyne (or eate of thys frute of wheate) tyll the kyngedome of God be come, or tyll I drynke it newe with yow in my fathers kyngedome, Math 26. Marci 14. Here calleth it he the juſe of the grape or frute of the vyne, and not the bloude yſſuynge from hys bodye. Yet is that Partakynge. cuppe (as S. Paule ſayth) the partakynge of Chriſtes bloude, and the breade that we breake there, the partakyngetakynge 043 Cviv takynge of Chriſtes bodye, 1. Corint. 10. But that is in faythe and ſprete, as afore in Johan.
Then he compared it unto the kynge, and ſayd, that the more Pagett. hys mageſtees honour is ſet forth, the more commendable it is. Then ſayd I, that it was an abhomynable ſhame unto hym, to make no better of the eternall worde of God, than of hys ſlenderlye conceyved fantaſye. A farre other meanynge requyreth Idell wytte. God therin, than mannys ydell wytte can devyſe, whoſe doctryne is but lyes without hys heavenlye veryte. Then he aſked me, if I wolde commen with ſome wyſer man? That offer, I ſayd, I wolde not refuſe. Then he tolde the counſell. And ſo wēent I to my laydes agayne.
Johan Bale.Not 044 Cviir 23
Not all unlyke is thys Pagett here, unto those graye fryres whych made of Christ but a fygure or shaddowe to their first Patrone S. Frances, as we fynde in the hyſtorye of hys ydolatrouſe feaſt, S. frāances and alſo in the boke of conformytees of Frāances to Chriſt, written by an Italyſh fryre called Bartholomeus Piſanus. In Frances (they ſaye) is expreſſed the full ſignifycacyon of Chriſt, by reaſon of hys woundes. And Pagett here compareth A comparyſon. Chriſtes preſence in the ſacrament, to the kynges preſence, I wote not where. And as great pleaſure (I thynke) he doth the kynge therin, as though he threwe duſt in hys face or ſalte in hys eyes, but that ſoch flatterynge Gnatoes muſt do their feates, though they be moſt blaſphemouſe. Neyther heade nor tayle hath thys wytleſſe comparyſon of hys, to make good hys enterpryſe with thys woman. And moch doubt it is, whether he maketh here Chriſt a ſhaddowe to the kynge, or the kynge a ſhaddowe to Chriſt. But he ſhulde ſeme Chriſt a ſhaddow rather to take Chriſt for the ſhaddowe. O graceleſſe papyſtes, whan wyll ye be godlye wyſe? Thus to your owne dampnacyonnacyon 045 Cviiv nacyon ye worke the workes of Sathan in deceyvableneſſe, amōonge them that perysh for not lovynge the veryte, 2.Thes.2.
Thēen came to me doctor Coxe, Coxe and Robynſōon. and doctor Robynſon. In concluſyon we coulde not agree. Then they made me a byll of the ſacrament, wyllynge me to ſet my hande therunto, but I wolde not. Then on the ſondaye I was ſore ſycke, thynkynge no leſſe than to dye. Therfor I deſyred to ſpeake with Latymer it wolde no be. Then was I ſent to Newgate in my extremyte newgate of ſyckeneſſe. For in all my lyfe afore, was I never in ſoch payne. Thus the lorde ſtrengthen yow in the truthe. Praye, praye praye.
What an hurlye burlye is here, for thys newe beleve? that Chriſt ſhuld dwelle In breade. in the breade, whych is māannys creature ; not gods, Chriſt is the lyvynge breadede 046 Cviiir 24 de whych came frōom heavēen, Joan.6. But that is not ſuffycyēent (ſaye the preſtes) unleſſe ye beleve alſo, that he is that dead breade whych came frōom the waffer bakers A waffer And therūunto muſt ye ſet your owne hāande writynge, else wyll it not be allowed in the spirytuall courte. For he that ſpeaketh great thynges and blaſphemyes (whych is Antichriſt) makynge warre antichriſt with the ſayntes, wyll have it ſo, Apo.13 In the Apoſtles tyme, & manye yeares after, it was ynough for a chriſtēen māannys ryghtwyſneſſe, to beleve with the hart, that Jeſus is the lorde, & that God rayſed hym up frōom the dead. Roma. 10. But now we muſt beleve that he cōommeth downe agayn at the wyll of the preſtes, to be Inpaned inpaned or inbreaded for their bellyes commonwelthe, lyke as he afore came downe, at the wyll of hys heavenlye father, to be incarnated or infleſhed for our unyverſall ſowles helth. And unto thys we muſt ſet our hande writynge, that we maye be knowne for Antichriſtes cattell. Els ſhall we to ſtynkynge Newgate newgate. by their ſpirytuall appoyntment, be we never ſo ſycke, and within a whyle after, to the fyre in Symthfeldefelde 047 Cviiiv felde. For Chriſtes membre muſt taſt with hym both eſell and gall.
The confeſſyon of me Anne Aſkewe, for the tyme I was in Newgate, cōoncernynge my beleve.
I fynde in the Scriptures (ſayth ſhe) that Chriſt toke the Breade. breade, and gave it to hys dyſcyples, ſaynge. Eate, Thys is my bodye, whych ſhall be broken for yow, meanynge in ſubſtaunce hys owne verye bodye, the breade beynge therof an onlye ſygne or ſacrament. For after lyke maner of ſpeakynge, he ſayd, he wolde breake downe the temple, & in iii. dayes buylde it up agayne, ſygnyfyenge Temple. hys owne bodye by the temple, as S. Johan declareth it. Joāan. 2. And not the ſtonye temple it ſelfe. So that the breade is but a remem- 048 Dr 25 a remembraunce of hys death, or a ſacramēent of thankes gevynge for it, wherhby we are knytt unto hym by a communyon of Chriſten love. Although there be manye that can not perceyve the true meanynge therof, for Moſes vayle. the vayle that Moſes put over hys face before the chyldren of Iſrael, that they ſhuld not ſe the clereneſſe therof, Exo.34. ; 2.Cor.3. I perceyve the ſame vayle remayneth to thys daye. But whan God ſhall take it awaye, than ſhall theſe blynde men ſe.
Ye wyll ſaye paravennture, that the ſymylytudes here of breade and of the tēemple, are not lyke. For he bleſſyd the breade with thankes gevynge. So wyll ye ſaye, an other tyme for your pleaſure and advauntage, that he bleſſyd the temple Bleſſed alſo, and called it both the howſe of hys father and alſo the howſe of prayer. I D praye 049 Dv praye ye, be as good here to your market place, as ye are to your ſale wares therin, for your onlye bellyes ſake. For the one wyll not do wele to your commodyte in ydelneſſe, without the other. But take Temple. good hede of it, if ye lyſt. For Chriſt hath alredye called one of them an howſe of merchaundyſe and a denne of theves, by reaſon of your unlawfull occupyenge therin, Joan.2. and Luce. 19. He hath alſo promyſed to overthrowe it, Math. 24. and not to leave one ſtone therof ſtandynge upon an other, Marci 13. Bycauſe ye have not regarded the tyme of your vyſytacyon, or not accepted hys eternall warnyng worde of helthe. A warnynge myght the turnynge over of your monaſteryes have bene unto yow, if ye were not, as ye are altogyther blynde.
I cannot thynke the contrarye, but he calleth the other alſo, as ye handle it now a dayes in the popes olde toyes of conveyaunce, the abhomynacyon of deſolacyon, The maſſe. or ſoch an abhomynable ydoll as ſubvertynge Chriſtes true relygyon, wyll be your fynall deſtruccyon both here and in the worlde to come. For ydolles Idolles, are called abhomynacyon, all the ſcriptures 050 Diir 26 Scriptures over. Yet ſhall it endure (ſayth Daniel) ſumwhere, unto the ende of all, Daniel 9. Wherby ye maye wele perceyve, that it comprehendeth Tyberius Caligula not onlye the tryumphaunnt ſtremers of Tyberius, or golden ymages of Caligula, whych both prevented the ſubverſyon of Hieruſalem, but ſome other ydoll els whych ſhuld contynewe. And it foloweth in the Goſpell texte, that he ſhuld fytt in the holye place for the tyme of hys contynuaunce, Mathei 24. And not in the paganes temples. Tell me if your Maſſes be done Maſſes anye where els, than in your hallowed ſanctuaryes, upon your ſanctyfyed aulters, and in your holye ornamentes and conſecrate cuppes? Neyther maye anye do thēem, unleſſe they be anoynted therunto of your Byſhoppes and ſorcerers.
Not without the holye place (ſayth Chriſt) is that abomynacyon, but in it, antichriſt Math.24. Antichriſt (ſayth S. Paule) ſhall ſytt, not without, but within the verye temple of God. 2. Theſſalon.2. The papacye is not without, but within 051 Diiv within the verye churche of Chriſt, what though it be no part therof, Apoca.11. Thefor it ſhall be mete that we be ware, Sppurne them. and ſeparate our ſelves from them at the admonyſhmentes of hys holye doctryne, leaſt we be partakers with yow in their promyſed dampnacyōon, Apoca.18. By the vayle over Moſes face, ſhe meaneth the blynde confydence that manye men yet have in olde Jewyſh ceremonyes the vayle and beggerlye tradycyons of men, as S. Paule doth call them, Gala. 4. Wherby the veryte of God is ſore blemyſhed. The ſpirytuall knowlege, whych cometh by the clere doctryne of the Goſpell, mynyſtreth no ſoch impedymentes of darkeneſſe. But all thynges are clerelye Darkeneſſe. ſeane to them whych are endued therwith. They can be deceyved by non of Sathans ſubtyle convayers, but perceyveth all thynges, whych have obtayned Syght. the pure eyes of faythe.
For it is playnelye expreſſed in the hyſtorye of Bel in the Bible, that God dwelleth in no thynge 052 Diijr 27 thynge materyall. O kynge Daniel. (ſayth Daniel) be not deceyved Daniel 14. For God wyll be in nothynge that is made with hāandes of men. Acto.7. Oh what ſtyffnecked people are theſe, that wyll alwayes reſyſt the holye Ghoſt. But as their fathers have done, ſo do they, bycauſe they have ſtonye hartes. Written by me Anne Aſkewe, that neyther Strēength. wyſhe deathe, nor yet feare hys myght, and as merye as one that is bowne towardes heavēen. Truthe is layed in pryſon. Luce 21, The lawe is turned to wormewood, Amos 6. And there cāan no ryght judgement go forth, Eſaie 59.
Marke here how gracyouſlye the lorde Promes. kepeth promyſe with thys poor ſervaunt of hys. He that beleveth on me (ſayth Chriſt) out of hys bellye ſhall flowe ryvers of lyvynge water, Joan. 7. Diij Neyther 053 Diiiv Neyther laſheth thys woman out in her extreme troubles, language of diſpayre nor yet blaſphemouſe wordes agaynſt God with the unbelevynge, but uttereth the ſcriptures in wonderfull habundaunce to hys lawde and prayſe. She rebuketh here the moſt peſtylent vyce of ydolatrye. Faythe. Not by olde narracyons and fables, but by the moſt pure worde of God, as ded Daniel & Steven. And in the ende ſhe ſheweth the ſtronge ſtomacke of a moſt Chriſten martyr, in that ſhe is neyther deſyerouſe of the deathe, neyther yet ſtandeth in feare of the vyolēence A martyr or extremyte therof. What a conſtancye was thys of a womāan, frayle, tēendre, yonge and moſt delycyouſlye brought up? But that Chriſtes ſprete was myghtye in her who bad her be of good chere. For though the tyrauntes of thys worlde have power Tyraūuntes to ſlee the bodye, yet have they no power over the ſowle, Mathei 20. Neyther have they power in the ende to demynyſh one heare of the heade, Luce 21.
She faynteth not in the myddes of ſtedefaſt. the battayle, 1.Cor.9. But perſevereth ſtronge and ſtedefaſt to the verye ende, Math. 054 Diiijr 28 Math. 10. Not doubtynge but to have for her faythfull perſeveraūunce, the crowne of eternall lyfe, Apoc.2. So merye am I (ſayth ſhe good creature, in the myddes of Newgate) as one that is bowne towardes heaven. A voyce was thys of a moſt worthye and valeaunt witneſſe, in the paynefull kyngedome of pacyence, Valeaūunt. Apoca. 1. She faythfullye reckened of her lorde God, that he is not as men are, fyckle, Numeri 23. But moſt ſure of worde and promyſe, Pſalme 144. And that he wolde moſt faythfullye kepe covenaunt with her, whan tyme ſhuld come, Apoca.2. She had it moſt groundedlye planted in her hart, that though heaven and earthe ded paſſe, yet could not hys wordes and promes paſſe by unfulfylled. Faythe. Luc.21. Aſhamed maye thoſe carnall Helcheſytes be, whych have not onlye Helcheſytes. denyed the veryte of their lorde God, but alſo moſt ſhamefullye blaſphemed ; diſhonoured both it and themſelves for the pleaſure of a yeare or ii. to dwell ſtyll in thys fleſhe. They cōonſydre not, that he, with whome they mocke, hath power to ſende them to helle, for their blaſphemye, Luce 12. They ſhall not Diiij fynde 055 Diiiiv fynde it a matter lyght, for their inconſtancye to be vometed out of the mouthe of God, as unſaverye morſels, Apoca.3. Neyther ſhall they prove it a Chriſtmas Inconſtaunt. game, to be denyed of Chriſt before hys heavenlye father and hys angels, for denyenge here hys veryte, Math. 10.
Oh forgeve us all our ſynnes ; receyve us gracyouſlye. As Prayer. for the workes of our handes, we wyll nomore call upon thēem, For it is thu lorde that arte our God. Thu ſheweſt ever mercye unto the fatherleſſe. Oh, if they wolde do thys (ſayth the lorde) I ſhuld heale theyr ſores, yea with all my harte wolde I love ephraim. them. O Ephraim, what have I to do with ydolles anye more Who ſo is wyſe, ſhall underſtāande thys. And he that is ryghlye enſtructed, wyll regarde it. For the wayes of the lorde are ryghteouſe. Soch as are godlye wyll walke 056 Dvr 29 walke in them. And as for the wycked, they wyll ſtomble at them, Oſee 14.
All theſe wordes alleged ſhe, out of the laſt chaptre of Oſeas the prophete, Oſeas. where as he prophecyed the deſtruccyon of Samaria for the onlye vyce of ydolatrye. In the worde of the lorde, ſhe declareth her ſelfe therin, to deteſt and abhorre that vyce above all, and to repent frōom the hart, that ſhe hath at anye tyme worſhypped the workes of mennys handes, idolatrye eyther ſtone, wode, breade, wyne, or anye ſoch lyke, for the eternall lyvynge God. Conſequentlye ſhe confeſſyth hym to be her onlye God, and that ſhe had at that tyme truſt in non other els, neyther for the remyſſyon of her ſynnes, nor yet ſowles cōomfort at her nede. And lyke ſoch a wone as is unfaynedlye cōonverted unto the lorde, ſhe axeth of the ſpirytuall Ephraimytes in hys worde, what ſhe hath Ephraimytes. anye more to do with ydolles? or whye they ſhuld ſo tyrannouſlye enforce her to the worſhypynge of them? conſyderynge that he ſo erneſtlye abhorreth them. Dv Fynallye 057 Dvv Fynallye ii. ſortes of people ſhe reckeneth ii. ſortes. to be in the worlde, and ſheweth the dyverſe maner of them. The one in the ſprete of Chriſt obeyeth the worde, the other in the ſprete of errour cōontempneth it. And lyke as S Paule doth ſaye. To the one part is it, the ſavour of lyfe unto lyfe and to the other, the ſavour of deathe unto deathe. 2.Corinth. 2.
Salomon (ſayth S. Steven) S. Stev ēen buylded ann howſe for the God of Jacob. Howbeyt the hyeſt of all dwelleth not in tēemples made with hāandes. As ſayth the prophete, Eſa. 66. Heavēen is my ſeate ; the earthe is my fote ſtole. What howſe wyll ye buylde for me? ſayth the lorde, or what place is it that I ſhall reſt in? hath not my hande made all theſe Temple. thynges? Acto.7. Woman beleve me (ſayth Chriſt to the Samarytane) the tyme is at hande that ye ſhall neyther in thys moununtayneuntayne 058 Dvir 30 ununtayne nor yet at Hieruſalem worſhypp the father. Ye worſhypp ye wote not what, but we knowe what we worſhypp. For worſhypp ſalvacyon commeth of the Jewes. But the houre cōommeth, and now is, wherin the true worſhyppers ſhall worſhypp the father in ſprete & veryte, Joan.4. Laboure not)( ſayth Chriſt) for the meate that peryſheth, but Meate. for that endureth into the lyfe everlaſtynge, whych the ſōonne of māan ſhall geve yow. For hym god the father hath ſealed, Joan.6.
Here bringe ſhe iii. ſtronge teſtymonyes 3. bulwerkes. of the newe teſtament, to confirme her owne Chriſten beleve therwith, and alſo both to confute and condempne the moſt execrabyle hereſye and falſe fylthye beleve of the papyſtes. The firſt of them proveth, that the eternall God of heavēen, wyll neyther be wrapped up in a clowte, nor yet ſhutte up in a boxe. The ſeconde declareth, that in no place 059 Dviv place of the earthe, is he to be ſought, neyther yet to be worſhypped, but within us, in ſprete and veryte. The thirde of them concludeth, that Chriſt is a feadynge for the ſowle and not for the bodye. More over he is ſoch a meate, as neyther corrupteth, mouldeth, nor peryſheth, neyther yet conſumeth or waſteth Romyſtes awaye in the bellye. Lete not the Romyſh popes remnaunt in Englāande thynke, but in condempnynge the faythe of thys godlye woman, they alſo condempne the veryte of the lorde, unleſſe they can diſcharge theſe iii. textes of the ſcripture with other iii. more effectuall. As I thynke, they ſhall not, niſi ad Calendas Lo, here, Sethere. Grecas. If they allege for their part, the ſaynge of Chriſt, Math.24. Lo here is Chriſt, or there is Chriſt. They are confounded by that whych foloweth. Wherin he erneſtlye chargeth hys faythfull folowers not to beleve it, callynge the teachers of ſoch doctryne, falſe anoynted, deceyvable prophetes, and ſorcerouſe workemen. Marci. 13.
Anne Aſkewe.The 060 Dviir 31
The ſumme of the condempnacyon of me Anne Aſkewe, at yelde hawle.
They ſayd to me there, that I Heretyke was an heretyke and condempned by the lawe, if I wolde stāande in my opynyon. I anſwered that I was no heretyke, neyther yet deſerved I anye deathe by the lawe of God. But as concernynge the faythe whych I uttered and wrote to the coūunſell, I wolde not (I ſayd) denye it, bycauſe I knew it true. Thēen wolde they nedes knowe, if I Sacrament. wolde denye the ſacrament to be Chriſtes bodye and bloude: I ſayd, yea. For the ſame ſonne of God, that was borne of the vyrgyne Marie, is now gloriouſe in heaven, and wyll come agayne from thens at the lattre daye lyke as he went up, Acto. 1. And as for that ye call your God 061 Dviiv God, is but a pece of breade. For a more profe therof (marke it whan ye lyſt) lete it lye in the Moulde in the boxe. boxe but iii. monthes, and it wyll be moulde, and ſo turne to nothynge that is good. Wherupon I am perſuaded, that it can not be God.
Chriſt Jeſus the eternall ſonne of Chriſt cōondempned God, was condempned of thys generacyon for a ſedicyouſe heretyke, a breaker of their ſabbath, a ſubverter of their people, a defyler of their lawes, and a deſtroyer of their temple or holye churche, Joan.7. Luce 23. Mathei 26. Marci 14. and ſuffered deathe for it at ther procurement, by the lawe than uſed. Is it than anye marvele, if hys inferiour ſubject here, and faythfull membre do Membre the ſame, at the cruell callynge on and vyolent vengeaunce of their poſteryte? No, no, the ſervaunt muſt folowe her maſtre, & the fote her heade, and maye be founde in that poynte no frear thāan he, Joan. 13. Saynt Auguſtyne dyffynynge a ſacra- 062 Dviiir 32 a ſacrament, calleth it in one place, a ſygne Sacrament. of an holye thynge. In an other place a vyſyble ſhappe of an invyſyble grace. Whoſe offyce is to inſtructe, anymate, and ſtrengthen our faythe towardes God, and not to take it to it ſelf, and ſo depryve hym therof. Chriſtes bodye and bloude are neyther ſygnes nor ſhaddowes, no ſygnes but the verye effectuall thynges in dede, ſygnyfyed by thoſe fygures of breade and wyne. But how that drye and corruptyble cake of theirs ſhuld become a God, manye men wondre now a dayes in the lyght of the Goſpell, lyke as they the wyne. have done afore tyme alſo. And ſpecyallye whye the wyne ſhuld not be accepted and ſet up for a God alſo ſo wele as the breade, conſyderynge that Chriſt made ſo moche of the one as of the other.
After that they wylled me to have a preſt. And than I ſmyled. Then they aſked me, if it were not good? I ſayd, I wolde Confeſſyōon confeſſe my fawtes to God. for I 063 Dviiiv for I was ſure that he wolde heare me with faver. And ſo we were condempned without a queſt.
Preſtes of godlye knowlege ſhe ded Teachers not refuſe. For ſhe knewe that they are the maſſengers of the lorde, & that hys holye wordes are to be ſought at ther mouthes, Mala.2. Of them ſhe inſtauntlye deſyred to be inſtructed, and it was denyed her, as is written afore. What ſhuld ſhe than els do, but returne unto her lorde God? in whome ſhe knewe to be habundaunce of mercye for all them Belles preſtes. whych do from the hart repent, Deutro. 30. As for the other ſort of preſtes, ſhe ded not amys to laugh both them and their maynteners to ſcorne. For ſo doth God alſo, Pſalme 2. And curſeth both their abſolucyons & bleſſynges, Mala. 2. A thefe or a murtherer ſhuld not have bene condempned without a queſt, by the lawes of Englande. But the faythfull members of Jeſus Chriſt, for the Tyrannye ſpyght and hate that thys worlde hath to hys veryte, muſt have an other kynde of 064 Er 33 of tyrannye added therunto, beſydes the unryghtouſe beſtowynge of that lawe. Wo be unto yow (ſayth the eternall God of heaven by hys prophete) or dampnacyon be over your heades, that make wycked lawes, and devyſe cruell thynges for Wycked lawes. the poore oppreſſed innocentes. Eſaie 10. Wo unto hym that buyldeth Babylon with bloude, annd maynteyneth that wycked cytie ſtyll in unryghtwyſneſſe, Abacuch 2. Nahum.3. Ezech.24.
My beleve whych I wrote to the counſell was thys. That the ſacramentall breade was left us to be receyved with thāankes gevynge, in remembraūunce Remembraunce. of Chriſtes deathe, the onlye remedye of our ſowles recover. And that therby we alſo receyue the whole hbenefyghtes and frutes of hys moſt gloryouſe paſſion.
We reade not in the Goſpell, that the materyall breade at Chriſtes holye ſupper,E per 065 Ev per, was anye otherwyſe taken of the Apoſtles, thāan thus. Neyther yet that Chriſt our maſtre & ſaver requyred anye other takynge of them. If ſo manye ſtraunge doubtes had bene therin, and ſo hygh dyffycultees, as be moved and are in controverſye amonge men now a dayes both papyſtes and other, they coulde no more have bene left undyſcuſſed of hym, than other hygh matters were. The dyſcyples Apoſtles. axed here neyther how nor what as doubtleſſe they wolde have done, if he had mynded them to have taken the breade for hym. They thought it ynough to take it in hys remembraunce, lyke as he than playnelye taught them, Luce Eatynge 22. The eatynge of hys fleſhe and drynkynge of hys bloude therin, to the relevynge of their ſowles thirſt and hunger, they knewe to perteyne unto faythe accordynge to hys inſtruccyons in the vi. of Johan. What have thys godlye woman than offended, whych neyther have denyed hys incarnacyon nor deathe in thys her confeſſyon of faythe, but The ſūumme of beleve. moſt firmelye and groundedlye truſted to receyve the frutes of them both.
Then wolde they nedes knowe, whether the breade in the boxe were God or no? I ſayd. God is a ſprete, and wyll be worſhypped O beaſtlye ydolaters. in ſprete and truthe, Joan.4. Then they demaūunded. Wyll yovu planelye denye Chriſt to be in the ſacrament? I anſwered that I beleved faythfullye the eternall ſōonne of God not to dwell there. In witnes wherof I recyted agayne the hyſtorye of Bel, & the ix. chaptre of O conſtaunt martyr. Daniel, the vii. and xvii. of the Actes, and the xxiiii. of Mathew, concludynge thus. I neyther wyſhe deathe, nor yet feare hys myght, God have the prayſe therof with thankes.
Amonge the olde ydolaters, ſome toke the ſūunne, ſome the mone, ſome the fyre, Olde ydolaters. ſome the water, with ſoch other lykeEij for 067 Eiiv
for their Goddes, as witneſſeth Diodorus Siculus, Herodotus, Plynius, Lactantius & dyverſe autours more. Now come our dottynge papyſtes here, wadynge yet more deper in ydolatrye, and they newe ydolaters. muſt have breade for their God, yea, a waffer cake whych is ſcarſe worthye to be called breade. In what ſorowfull caſe are Chriſtēen people now a dayes? that they maye worſhypp their lorde and redemer Jheſus Chriſt in no ſhappe that hys heavenlye father hath ſet hym forth in, but in ſoch a ſhappe onlye as the waffer A waffer baker hath ymagyned by hys ſlendre wytte. Gods creatures were they whom the ydolaters toke for their Goddes, but thys cake is onlye the bakers creature, for he alone made it breade, if it be breade. And ſo moch is it a more unworthye God than the other. Farre was it from Chriſt to teache hys dyſcyples to worſhypp ſoch a God, eyther yet to have hymſelf honoured in ſoch a ſymylytude. Nothynge The ſupper. is here ſpoken agaynſt the moſt holye table of the lorde, but agaynſt that abhomynable ydoll of the preſtes, whych hath moſt deteſtablye blemyſhed that moſt godlye and wholſom communyon.A glo- 068 Eiijr 35
A gloryouſe witneſſe of the lorde ded thys bleſſyd woman ſhewe her ſelf, in Anſwere the anſwere makynge to thys blaſphemouſe beggerye, whāan ſhe ſayd, that god was a ſprete and no waffer cake, & wolde be worſhipped in ſprete and veryte, ; not in ſuperſtycyon and juglynge of the ydoll preſtes. Godlye was ſhe to denye An ydoll. Chriſtes preſence in that execrable ydoll but moch more godlye to geve her lyfe for it. Her alleged ſcriptures prove, that God dwelleth not in tēemples, but a fowle abhomynacyon in hys ſtede, as is ſhewed afore. In that ſhe feareth not the power of deathe, ſhe declareth her ſelf Deathe. a moſt conſtaunt martyr prayſynge her lorde God for hys gyft. She called to remembraunce the promyſes of her lorde Jheſus Chriſt, that they ſhuld ſe no deathe whych obſerved hys worde, Joan.8. Agayne they that beleved on hym, ſhuld joyfullye paſſe through from deathe unto lyfe, Joan.5. And upon theſe promyſes, ſhe moſt ſtrōongelye truſted. She conſydered alſo with Peter, that Chriſt Promyſes had ſwallowed up deathe, to make us the heyres of everlaſtynge lyfe, 1.Petri 3. More over that he had overthrowne Eiij hym 069 Eiiiv hym whych ſumtyme had the rule of deathe, Hebre.2. And alſo taken awaye the ſharpe ſtynge of the deathe it ſelf, Oſee 13.
My lettre ſent to the lorde Chauncellour.
The lorde God, by whome all To the Chaūuncellour. creatures have their beynge, bleſſe yow with the lyght of hys knowlege, amen. My dutye to. your lordſhyppe remēembred ;c. It myght pleaſe yow to accepte thys my bolde ſute, as the ſute of one, whych upōon due cōonſyderacyons is moved to the ſame and hopeth to obtayne. My requeſt to your lordeſhypp is only, that The kyng it may pleaſe the ſame to be a meane for me to the kynges mageſtie, that hys grace maye be certifyed of theſe fewe lynes whych I have writtēen cōoncernynge my beleve. Whych whan it ſhall be trulye cōonferred with the harde iudge- 070 Eiiiir 36 judgemēent gevēen me for the ſame. I thynke hys grace ſhall wele perceyve me to be wayed in an uneven payer of balaūunces. But I remytt my matter and cauſe to almyghtye god, whych ryghtlye To God. judgeth all ſecretes. And thus I commende your lordeſhypp to the governaunce of hym, and felyſhypp of all ſayntes. Amen. By your handemayde Anne Aſkewe.
In thys byll to the chauncellour, apereth it playne all frowarde affeccyōons ſequeſtred, what thys womāan was. She is Stronge. not here dejected with the deſperate, for unryghtouſe handelynge, mournynge, curſynge, and ſorowynge, as they do comm ōonlye. But ſtāandynge up ſtrōongelye in the lorde, moſt gentyllye ſhe obeyeth the powers, ſhe bleſſeth her vexers & perſuers ; wyſheth them the lyght of Gods neceſſarye knowlege, Luce 6. She conſydereth Obedyēent the powers to be ordayned of God, Romanorum 13. And though their autoryte be ſore abuſed, yet 071 Eiiiiv with Chriſt and hys Apoſtles, ſhe humblye ſubmytteth herſelf to them, thynkynge to ſuffer undre them as no yll doer but as Chriſtes true ſervaunt, 1.Pet.4. Notwithſtandynge ſhe layeth forth here both before chaūuncellour ; kynge, the Her matter. matter wherupon ſhe is condempned to deathe, that they accordynge to their bounde dewtye, myght more ryghtlye waye it, 3.Regum 10. Not that ſhe coveted therby to avoyde the deathe, but to put them in remembyraunce of their offyce concernynge the ſwerde, whych Their offyce. they ought not vaynelye to mynyſtre, Roma, 13. and that they ſhuld alſo be without excuſe of ignoraunce in the great daye of reckenynge, for permittynge ſoch vyolēence to be done, Roma.2. In the ende yet to make all ſure, ſhe commytteth To god. her cauſe and quarell to God, wherin ſhe declareth her onlye hope to be in hym, and no man, Pſalm. 145.
My faythe brevelye written to the kynges grace.
I Anne Aſkewe of good memorie although God hath gevēen me 072 Evr 37 me the breade of adverſyte and Trouble. the water of trouble, yet not ſo moch as my ſynnes have deſerved, deſyre thys to be knowne to your grace. That for as moch as I am by the lawe cōondēempned for an evyll doer, Here I take heaven and earthe to recorde, that I ſhall dye in my innocencye. And accordynge to that I have ſayd firſt, and wyll ſaye laſt, I utterlye abhorre and deteſt all hereſyes. And as cōoncernynge Hereſyes the ſupper of the lorde, I beleve ſo moch as Chriſt hath ſayd therin, whych he confirmed wyth hys moſt bleſſyd bloude. I beleve alſo ſo moch as he wylled me to folowe & beleve, and ſo moch as the catholyck churche of hym doth teache. For I wyll not forſake the commaundemēent of hys holye lyppes. But loke Faythe. what God hath charged me Ev with 073 Evv with hys mouthe, that have I ſhutte up īin my harte. And thus brevelye I ende, for lacke of lernynge. Anne Aſkewe.
In thys ſhe dyſchargeth her ſelf to the worlde agaynſt all wrongefull accuſacyons Dyſcharge. & judgemēentes of hereſye, what though it be not accepted to that blynde worlde, unto whome the lorde ſayd by hys prophete. Your thoughtes are not my thoughtes, neyther yet are your wayes my wayes. But ſo farre as the heavens are hyer than the earthe, ſo farre do my wayes excede yours, & my thoughtes yours, Eſa.55. Hereſye is not to dyſſent Hereſye. frōom the churche of Rome in the doctryne of faythe, as Lāanfrāan cus in hys boke de Euchariſtia adverſus Berengariūum, & Thomas waldēen in hys worke of ſermōons, Ser. 21. Dyffyneth it. But hereſye is a voluntarye What it is. dyſſēentynge frōom the veryte of the ſcriptures of God, and alſo a blaſphemouſe depravynnge of them, for the wretched bellyes ſake, & to maynteyne the pompes of thys worlde. Thus is it dyffyned of S. Hierome in cōommentariis Hiere. S. Auguſtyneguſtyne 074 Evir 38 guſtyne and Iſidorus agreynge to the ſame, Cōonſydre thāan whether he be the thefe that ſytteth upōon the bēenche, or he that ſtandeth at the barre? The popyſh clergye Who is the heretyke. that condempneth, or the innocent that is condempned? Athanaſius in hys boke de fuga adverſus Arrianos, calleth them the heretykes, whych ſeketh to have the Chriſten belevers murthered as ded the ſeyd Arryanes. Thys godlye womann, hyr innocencye to clere, laboureth not here to an inferyour membre of the realme, but to the head therof, the kynges owne perſone. Whome ſhe beleveth to be the hygh mynyſter of God, the father of the lande, and upholder of the the kynge people, Sapi.6. that he myght faythfullye and ryghtlye judge her cauſe. But who can thynke that ever it came before hym? Not I, for my part.
The effect of my examynacyon and handelynge, ſens my depature from Newgate.
On teweſday I was ſēent frōom new gate 075 Eviv gate to the ſygne of the crowne where as maſtre Ryche and the Ryche. Byſhopp of London with all their power and flatterynge wordes wēent aboute to perſuade me frōom God. But I ded not exteme their gloſynge pretenſes. Then came there to me Nicolas Shaxton Shaxton, and counſelled me to recāant as he had done. Thēen I ſayd to hym, that it had bene good for hym, never to have bene borne with manye other lyke wordes.
After that Chriſt had ones overcommen Sathan. Sathan in the deſart, where he had faſted longe tyme, Math.4. We reade not in the ſcriptures that he was moch aſſaulted or vexed of the worlde, the fleſhe, and the fyende, whych are reckened the common enemyes of man. But 3. ghoſtlye enemyes. yet we fynde in the Goſpell, that theſe iii. ghoſtlye enemyes, the prelates, the preſtes, and the lawers, or the Byſhoppes,pes, 076 Eviir 39 pes, pharyſees, and ſcrybes, never left hym afterwarde, tyll they had throughlye procured hys deathe. Marke it (I deſyre yow) if it be here anye otherwyſe wyth hys dere membre. What other enemyes tempteth here Anne Aſkewe, thāan the Byſhopp of London, maſtre Ryche, and doctor Shaxton, beſydes the great Wyncheſtre. Cayphas of Wyncheſtre with hys ſpyghtfull (I ſhuld ſaye) ſpirytuall rable, or who els procureth her deathe? Ye wyll thynke paraventure, concernynge maſtre Ryche, that though he be an enemye, yet is he no ſpirytuall enemye, bycauſe he is not anoynted with the popes greſe. But ſpirytuall than are ye moch deceyved. For it is the ſprete (of blaſphemye, avaryce, and malyce) and not the oyle, that maketh them ſpirytuall. And where as they are anoynted in the hande with oyle, he is in the hart anoynted with the ſprete of Mammon, Mammōon betraynge with Judas at the Byſhoppes malycyouſe callynge on, the poor innocent ſowles for moneye, or at the leaſt for ambycyouſe faver.
O Shaxton, I ſpeake now unto the Shaxtōon. ; (I thynke) in the voyce of God. What devyll bywytched the to playe thys moſt blaſphe- 077 Eviiv blaſphemouſe part? as to become of a faythfull teacher, a temptynge ſprete? Was it not ynough, that thu and ſoch as thu art, had forſaken your lorde God Double. and troden hys veryte moſt unreverentlye undre your fete, but with ſoch feates (as thys is) thu muſt yet procure the a more deper, or double dāampnacyōon? Ryghtlye ſayd thys true ſervaūunt of God, that it had bene better for the and thy fellawes, that ye never had bene borne. Ye Unworthy were called of God, to a moſt bleſſyd offyce. If ye had bene worthye that vocacyon (as ye are but ſwyne, Mathei 7.) ye had perſevered faythfull and conſtaunt to the ende, Mathei 10. and ſo have worthelye receyved the crowne therof, Apoca.2. But the love of your beaſtlye fleſhe, hath verye farre in yow overwayed the love of the lorde Jeſus Chriſt. Ye now ſhewe what ye are in dede, even waverynge reedes with everye blaſt moved, Luce 7. Yea verye faynt Hypocrytes. harted cowardes and hypocrytes, Apo. 3. Ye abyde not in the ſhepe folde as true ſhepeherdes, but ye flee lyke hyrelynges, Joan 10. Had ye bene buylded upon the harde rocke, as ye were on the fyckle 078 Eviiir 40 fyckle ſande, Math. 7. neyther Romyſh floodes nor Englyſh wyndes had over throwne yow. But now loke onlye, after your deſeruynge, for thys terryble judgement of God. For them (ſayth S. Paule) Judgement. whych voluntarylye blaſpheme the truthe, after they have receyved the Goſpell in faythe and in the holye Ghoſt, remayneth no expyacyon of ſynne, but the fearfull judgement of hell fyre. For a mocke have they made of the ſonne of God, Hebreo.6. and 10.
Thēen maſtre Riche ſent me to Ryche. the tower, where I remayned tyll thre of the clocke. Then came Riche and one of the coūunſell, chargynge me upon my obedyēence, to ſhewe unto them, if I knewe man or woman of my ſecte. My anſwere was, that I knewe none, Then they aſked me of my ladye of Sothfolke, Chriſten ladyes. my ladye of Suſſex, my ladye of Hertforde, my ladye Dennye 079 Eviiiv Dennye, and my ladye Fizwyllyams. I ſayd, if I ſhuld pronounce anye thynge agaynſt thēem, that I were not hable to prove it.
Never was there ſoche turmoylynge Babylon. on the earthe, as is now a dayes for that wretched blynde kyngedome of the Romyſh pope. But truſt upon it trulye, ye terryble termagauntes of hell, There is no practyſe, there is no wyſdome, there is no counſell, that can agaynſt the lorde prevayle, Proverb. 21. Ye loke to be obeyed in all devylyſhneſſe. But ye conſydre Obedyence. not, that where God is dyſhonoured by your obedyence, there belongeth non to yow, Acto.5. Ye have moch a do here with ſectes, as though it were a great hereſye, ryghtlye to beleve in our lorde Jeſus Chriſt, after the Goſpell ; not after your Romyſh father. But where A ſecte. was ever yet a more peſtylent and devylyſh ſecte, than is that Sodomytyſh ſecte, whom ye here ſo erneſtlye maynteyne with tyrannye and myſchefe? How gredelye 080 Fr 3241 gredylye ſeke yow the ſlaughter of Gods true ſervauntes, ye bloudthurſtye wolves? as the holye Ghoſt doth call yow. Pſal.25. If the vertuouſe ladyes ; Ladyes. moſt noble women, whoſe lyves ye cruellye ſeke in your madde ragynge furye, as ravyſhynge lyons in the darke, Pſal. 9. have throwne of their ſhulders for Chriſtes eaſye and gentyll burdene, Mathei 11, the popes uneaſye and importable yoke, Luce 11. Happye are they that ever they were borne. For therby have they procured, a great quyetneſſe and helthe to their ſowles. For Chriſtes worde Helthe. is quycke, and bryngeth nothynge els to the ſowle but lyfe, Hebreo.4. The popes olde tradycyons and cuſtomes, beynge but the wyſdome of the fleſhe, are verye poyſon and deathe, Roma.8.
Then ſayd they unto me, that The kyng the kynge was infourmed, that I coulde name, if I wolde a great nombre of my ſecte. Then I anſwered, that the kynge was as wele deceyved in that E behalfe, 081 Fv behalfe, as dyſſembled with in other matters.
Great Aſſuerus, kynge of the Perſeanes & Medes, was infourmed alſo, that the ſervaūunt of God Mardocheus was a traytour, whych nevertheleſſe had dyſcovered Mardocheus. ii. traytours a lyttle afore, and ſo ſaved the kynges lyfe, Heſter 3. But Haman that falſe counſeller, whych ſo infourmed the kynge, was in the ende proved a traytour in dede (as I doubt it not Haman. but ſome of theſe wyll be founde after thys) and was worthelye hanged for it, ſo fallynge into the ſnare that hys ſelfe had prepared for other, Pſal.7. Albertus Phyghius, Cochleus, Eckius, ; ſoch Papyſtes other peſtylent papyſtes, have fylled all Chriſtendome with raylynge bokes of our kynge, for renouncynge the Romyſh popes obedyēence, but therof ye infourme not hys grace. No, neyther excuſe ye, nor yet defēende ye hys godlye acte in that behalfe. Craftye. But ye are (as apereth) verye well cōontēented, that he by yll ſpoken of for it.
It is not a yeare a go, ſens our wyncheſtre was at Utrecht in hollāande (where as Pyghius. the ſeyd Pyghius dwelt, & was for hys papyſtrye 082 Fijr 42 papyſtrye in great autoryte) I knowe certaynlye, the māan there was moch more eaſye to pleaſe in that cauſe, thāan in an other ſleveleſſe matter of hys owne cōoncernynge Martyne Bucer. Hys gallan̄untes Bucer. alſo warran̄unted there (I knowe to whome) that the Romyſh pope, by the Emprours good helpe, ſhuld withīin fewe yeares have in Englāande, as great autoryte as ever he had afore. I doubt not but ſn̄ūumwhat they knewe of their maſters good cōonveyan̄unce, but of thys is not the kynge infourmed. I coulde write here of manye other myſteryes, cōoncernynge the obſervaunt fryres & other ran̄ungynge Rome ronners, Ob ſervauntes. what newes they receyve wekelye out of Englāande frōom the papyſtes there, ; in what hope they are put, of their returne thydre agayne. For I have ſeane ther braggynge letters therof, ſent frōom Emeryck to Friſlāande, & frōom the cūuntraye of Coleyne Letters. into Weſtphalye. Of thys and ſoch other cōonveyan̄unces, the kynge is not yet infourmed, but (I truſt) he ſhall be.
Thēen cōommaunded they me to ſhewe, how I was maynteyned in the Counter, and who wylled Fij me 083 Fiiv me to stycke by my opynyon. I ſayd that there was no creature, that therin ded ſtrengthen to accuſe. me. And as for the helpe that I had in the Counter, it was by the meanes of my mayde. For as ſhe went abroade in the ſtretes, ſhe made to the prentyſes, and they by her ded ſende me moneye. But who they were, I never knewe.
Joſeph was in pryſon undre Pharao the fearce kynge of Egypte, yet was he Joſeph. favourablye handeled and no man forbydden to conſort hym, Gene.39. Whan Johan Baptiſt was in ſtronge duraunce under Herode the tyraunt of Galile, hys dyſcyples ded frelye vyſytt hym, and Paule. were not rebuked for it, Math.11. Paule beynge empryſoned and in cheanes at Rome, undre the moſt furyouſe tyran̄unte Nero, was never blamed for ſendynge hys ſervaunt Oneſimus abroade, nor yet for writynge by hym to hys fryndes for ſocour, Philem.1. Neyther yet was Philemonlemon 084 Fiijr 43 lemon troubled for relevynge hym there Oneſymus. by the ſeyd Oneſimus, nor yet hys olde frynde Oneſipherus, for perſonallye there vyſytynge hym, and ſupportynge hym with hys moneye, lyke as he had done afore alſo at Epheſus. Now conferre theſe ſtoryes annd ſoch other lyke, with the preſent handelynge of Anne Aſkewe Judges. and ye ſhall wele perceyve our Englyſh rulers and judges in their newe Chriſtyanyte of renouncynge the pope, to excede all other tyrauntes in all crueltye, spyght and vengeaunce. But loke to have it no otherwyſe, ſo longe as mytred prelates are of counſell. Be aſhamed Prelates cruell beaſtes, be aſhamed, for all Chriſtendome wondereth on your madneſſe above all.
Then they ſayd, that there were dyverſe gentylwomēen, that Gentyllwomen. gave me moneye. But I knewe not their names. Thēen they ſayd that there were dyverſe ladyes, whych had ſent me moneye. I anſwered, that there was a māan Fiij in a 085 Fiiiv in a blewe coate, whych delyvered me, x, ſhyllynges, and ſayd that my ladye of Hertforde ſēent Ladyes. it me. And an other in a vyolet coate ded geve me viii. ſhyllynges, and ſayd that my ladye Dennye ſent it me. Whether it were true or no, I can not tell. For I am not ſuer who ſent it me, but as the men ded ſaye.
In the tyme of Chriſtes preachynge what though the holye clergye wer than not pleaſed therwith, but judged it (as they do ſtyll to thys daye) moſt horryble hereſye, yet ſerten noble women, as Marye Magdalene., Joāanna the wyfe of Chuſa Herodes hygh ſtewarde, Suſanna, & manye other folowed hym frōom Noblewomen. Galile, & mynyſtred unto hym of their ſubſtanunce, cōoncernynge hys bodylye nedes Luce 8. Theſe with other more, after he was by the ſeyd clergye done to moſt cruell deathe for the veryte preachynge, both prepared oyntmentes and ſpyces to anoynte hys bodye, Luce 24. and alſo proclamedclamed 086 Fiiijr 44 clamed abroade hys gloryouſe reſurreccyon to hys Apoſtles and other, Joāan. 20 contrarye to the Byſhoppes inhybycyon, Acto.4. Yet reade we not that anye man or womāan was racked for the accuſement of them. A woman amōonge the Macedonyanes, dwellynge in the cytie of Thyatira Lydia. , & called Lydia by name, a purple ſeller verye rytche in merchan̄undyſe, receyved Paule, Sylas, and Timothe with other ſuſpected bretherne in to her howſe ; habundauntly releved thēem there. Act. 16. yet was ſhe not troubled for it. In Noble women. lyke maner at Theſſalonica, a great nōombre of the Grekes and manye noble women amonge thēem, beleved Paules forbydden doctryne, and reſorted boldelye both to hym and to Sylas, Acto.17. yet were they not cruellye handeled for it.
Be aſhamed than ye tyrauntes of Engl Tyraūuntes āande, that your horryble tyrāannyes ſhuld excede all other, Jewes or Gentyles, turkes or Idolaters. More noble were theſe womēen here rehearced, for thus relevynge Chriſt and hys members, than for anye other acte, eyther yet degre of nobylyte. For whereas all other have peryſhed, theſe ſhall never peryſh, but be conſervedFiiij ſerued 087 Fiiijv ſerved in the moſt noble and worthye ſcriptures of God, the tyrannouſe Byſhoppes and preſtes with their tyrannouſe Prelates. maynteners there condempned. A through Chriſtēen charyte is not lightlye terryfyed, with the tempeſtes of worldlye affliccyons nomore than true faythe Faythe. is changed in men that be Chriſtenlye cōonſtaunt. Soch can not choſe but conſydre, that it is both gloryouſe to be afflicted for Chriſt, 1. Petri 3. and alſo moſt merytoryouſe to releve them here in their afflyccyons, Math.25. Unto that Chriſten offyce hath Chriſt promyſed the lyfe Maſſe hearynge everlaſtynge at the lattre daye, where as Maſſe hearynge is lyke to remayne without rewarde, except it be in helle for ydolatrye and blaſphemye. Not unto them that in pryſon vyſyteth murtherers and theves (if ye marke wele the texte) is thys rewarde promyſed. For they are not there allowed for Chriſtes dere mēembers, but unto them that releve the afflicted for hys verytees ſake.
Then they ſayd, there were of the counſell that ded maynteyneFv teyne 088 Fvr 45 teyne me. And I ſayd, no. Then they ded put me on the racke, bycauſe I confeſſed no ladyes nor gentyllwomen to be of my opynyon, the racke and theron they kepte me a longe tyme. And bycauſe I laye ſtyll and ded not crye, my lorde Chauncellour and maſtre Ryche, toke peynes to racke me their owne handes, tyll I was nygh dead.
Nicodemus, one of the hygh counſell, Nicodemus. was ſore rebuked amonge the ſenyours of the Jewes, for defēendyng Chriſtes innocēencye, whāan they wēent aboute to ſlee hym, Joan.7. And therfor it is no newe thynge that Chriſtes doctryne hath ſupportacyon amonge the counſels of thys worlde. All men be not of one corrupted appetyte, nor yet of one ungracyouſe dyete. Chriſt promyſed hys dyſcyples, that they in one howſholde ſhuld fynde both Fryndes. hys enemyes and fryndes. I am come (ſayth he) to ſet man at varyaunce agaynſt his father, and the doughter agaynſtFv gaynſt 089 Fvv gaynſt her mother, and the doughter in lawe agaynſt the mother in lawe. He that loveth hys father or mother, hys ſonne or doughter, hys prynce or governour, above me, he is not mete for me. Math. 10. I feare me thys wyll be judged hygh treaſon. hygh treaſon. But no matter. So lōonge as it is Chriſtes worde, he ſhall be alſo undre the ſame judgement of treaſon. Lete no man care to be condēempned with hym, for he in the ende ſhall be hable to rectyfye all wronges.
Marke here an example moſt wōonderfull, and ſe how madlye in their ragynge Freneſye. furyes, men forget themſelves and loſe their ryght wittes now a dayes. A kynges hygh counſeller, a Judge over lyfe and deathe, yea, a lorde Chauncellour of a moſt noble realme, is now become a moſt vyle ſlave for Antichriſt, and A tourmentour. a moſt cruell tormentoure. Without all dyſcreſſyon, honeſtye, or manhode, he caſteth of hys gowne, and taketh here upōon hym the moſt vyle offyce of an hāangem āan and pulleth at the racke moſt vyllanouſlye. Wriſleye ; Riche. O Wriſleye and Riche ii. falſe chriſtianes & blaſphemouſe apoſtataes frōom God. What chaplayne of the pope hath 090 Fvir 46 hath inchaūunted yow, or what devyll of helle bewytched yow. to execute upōon a poore cōondēempned womāan, ſo prodygyouſe a kynde Māammon. of tyrāannye? Even the verye Māammon of inyquyte, & that inſacyable hunger of avarice, whych cōompelled Judas to betray unto deathe hys moſt lovynge maſter, Joāan. 12. The wynnynges were not ſmall that ye reckened upon, whāan ye toke on ye that cruell enterpryſe, & wolde have had ſo many great men and women accuſed wretches But what els have ye wonne in the ende, than perpetuall ſhame and confuſyon? God hath ſuffered yow ſo to dyſcover your owne myſcheves, that ye ſhall nomore be forgotten of the worlde, than are now Adoniſedech, Saul, Hieroboam, Manaſſes, Olophernes Tyran̄untes , Haman, Tryphon, Herode, Nero, Trajanus, and ſoche other horryble tyrauntes.
And as concernynge the innocēent wom āan, whōom yow ſo cruellye tormēented. Where coulde be ſeane a more clere and open A lambe. experyment of Chriſtes dere membre, than in her myghtye ſufferynges? lyke a lambe ſhe laye ſtyll without noyſe of cryenge, and ſuffered your uttermoſt vyolence 091 Fviv vyolence, tyll the ſynnowes of her armes were broken, and the ſtrynges of her eys peryſhed in her heade. Ryght farre doth it paſſe the ſtrength of a yonge, tendre, Tyraūuntes weake, and ſycke woman (as ſhe was at that tyme to your more confuſyon) to abyde ſo vyolent handelynge, yea, or yet of the ſtrongeſt man that lyveth. Thynke not therfor but that Chriſt hath ſuffered Chriſt. in her, and ſo myghtelye ſhewed hys power, that in her weakeneſſe he hath laughed your madde enterpryſes to ſcorne, Pſalm.2. Where was the feare of God, ye tyrauntes? Where was your chriſten profeſſyon, ye helle houndes? Where was your othe and promes to do true juſtyce, ye abhomynable perjures, whan Perjures ye went aboute theſe curſed feates? More fytt are ye for ſwyne kepynge, than to be of a prynces counſell, or yet to governe a Chriſten commen welthe. If Chriſt have ſayd unto them whych do but offende hys lytle ones that beleve in hym, that it were better they had a mylſtone A mylſtone. tyed aboute thyir neckes, and were ſo throwne into the bottom of the ſee, Luce 17. What wyll he ſaye to them that ſo vyllaynouſlye pull at the racke in ther myſcheuouſe 092 Fviir 47 myſchevouſe malyce? Theſe are but warnynges take hede if ye lyſt, for a full ſorowfull plage wyll folowe hereafter.
Then the lyefetenaunt cauſed me to be louſed from the racke. Unloſed. Incontynentlye I ſwounded, and then they recovered me agayne. After that I ſate ii. longe houres reaſonynge with my lorde Chauncellour upon the bare floore, where as he with manye flatterynge wordes, perſuaded me to leave my opynyon. But my lorde God (I thanke hys everlaſtynge goodneſſe) gave me grace to perſever, and Perſever. wyll do (I hope) to the verye ende.
Evermore have the olde modye tyrauntes, Practyſe. uſed thys practyſe of devylyſhneſſe. As they have perceyved themſelves not to prevayle by extreme handelynges they have ſought to prove maſteryes by the 093 Fviiv the contrarye. With gaye gloſynge wordes annd fayre flatterynge promyſes, they have craftelye cn̄ūumpaſſed the ſervauntes of God, to cauſe them conſent to their wyckedneſſe. And in thys temptynge occupacyon, Tēemptacyōon are Wriſleye & Riche verye connynge. Notwithſtandynge they ſhall never fynde the choſen of God, all one with the forſaken reprobates. The electe veſſels holde the eternall God for their moſt ſpecyall treaſure, and have hym in ſoch inteire love, that they had moch lever to loſe themſelves, than hym. The wicked deſperates have the voluptuouſe pleaſures of thys vayne worlde ſo dere, that they had lever to forſake God 3. ſortes. and all hys workes, than to be ſequeſtred from them. Thys godlye yonge woman referreth prayſe unto her lorde God, that he hath not left her in thys paynefull conflycte for hys verytees ſake, Prayſe. but perſevered ſtronge with her, beynge in hope that he wolde ſo ſtyll contynewe with her, to the verye ende, as without fayle he ded.
Manye men ſore wondre now a dayes Wriſleye that Wriſleye whych was in my lorde Crom- 094 Fviiir 48 Cromwels tyme ſo erneſt a doer agaynſt the pope, is now becomen agayne for hys pedlarye wares ſo myghte a captayne. But they remembre not the common adage, that honour changeth maners, and lucre judgementes. ynne kepers. Theſe great ynne kepers (they ſaye) had lever to have one good horſe man to hoſte, than vi. men on fote, ſpecyallye if they weare velvet whodes or fyne rochettes. What els foloweth Chriſt but beggerye and ſorowes whych are verye hatefull to the worlde? Where fatneſſe is cawte of everye mannys laboure, there is yet ſumwhat to be loked for, If hys chriſtēen zele be ſoch, that Profyght he wyll have no ſhe heretykes unponnyſhed lete hym do firſt of all, as we reade of dyverſe ryghtfull governers amonge the heythen. Lete hym ſerche hys my ladye. owne howſe wele. Paraventure he maye fynde aboute my ladye hys wyfe, a rellyck of no lyttle vertu, a practyſe of Pythagoras, or an olde midwyves bleſſynge, whych ſhe carryeth cloſelye on her, for preſervacyon of her honoure. Her opynyōon is (folke ſaye) that ſo lōonge as ſhe hath that upōon her, her worldlye worſhyp can 095 Fviiiv can never decaye. I praye God thys provyſyon Honoure in ſhort ſpace deceyveth her not as it hath done pope Silveſter the ſeconde, and as it ded of late years Thomas wolſye our late Cardynall. Thys hereſye cardynall goeth neyther to the racke nor the fyre, to Newgate nor yet Smythfelde, as contynuallye doth the pore Goſpell.
Then was I brought to an howſe, and layed in a bed, with as werye and payneful bones, as ever had pacyēent Job, I thāanke my lorde God therof. Then A tyraūunt. my lorde Chauncellour ſent me worde if I wolde leave my opynyon, I ſhuld want nothynge If I wolde not, I ſhuld fourth to Newgate, and ſo be burned I ſent hym agayne worde, that I wolde rather dye, thāan to breake my faythe. Thus the lorde Swete woman. open the eyes of their blynde hartes, that the truthe maye take place. Fare wele dere frynde, and 096 Gr 49 and praye, praye, praye.
Beholde in thys laſt parcell, moſt evyd ēent ſygnes of a Chriſtēen martyr and fayth A martyr full witneſſe of God, beſydes that went afore. She allegeth not in all thys longe proceſſe, lyenge legendes, popyſh fables, nor yet olde wyves parables, but the moſt lyvelye autorytees and examples of the ſacred Byble. She putteth her ſelfe Gods creature. here in remembraunnce, not of deſperate Cayne, nor yet of ſorowfull Judas, but of moſt pacyent Job, for example of godlye ſufferaunce. For Anguyſh and payne of her broken joyntes and brouſed armes and eyes, ſhe curſeth not the tyme that ever ſhe was borne, as the maner of the unfaythfull is. But ſhe hyghlye magnyfyeth Chriſtes ſervaunt. and prayſeth God for it. Neyther was ſhe perverted with flatterynge promyſes, nor yet overcommen with terryble threttenynges of deathe. Neyther doubted ſhe the ſtynke of Newgate, nor yet the burnynge fyer in Smythfelde. But coveted rather deathe of her bodye for the ſyncere doctryne of Chriſt, than lyfe of the ſame undre the ydolatrouſe G doctryne 097 Gv doctryne of the Romyſh pope. She deſyred God to take mercye of her enemyes, and exhorted all Chriſten people inſtauntlye A verye Saynt. to praye for them. If theſe be not the frutes of a true belever, what other frutes els can we axe?
Anne Aſkewes anſwere unto Johan Laſſels letter.
Oh frynde moſt derelye beloved in God. I marvele not a lyttle, what ſhuld move yow, to judge in me ſo ſlēendre a faythe, as to Deathe. feare deathe, whych is the ende of all myſerye. In the lorde I deſyre yow, not to beleve of me ſoch wyckedneſſe. For I doubt it not, but God wyll perfourme hys worke in me, lyke as he hath begonne.
I wolde but knowe of them whych Chronycles. are common readers of chronycles and Sayntes lyves, where they ever redde of a more fervent and lyvelye faythe than was in thys godlye yonge woman.man 098 Gijr 50 man. As lyght a matter eſtemed ſhe deathe, as ded Eleazarus that aūuncyent ſenyour, or yet the vii. Machabees with their moſt worthye mother, 2.Mach.6. Deathe. ; 7. For ſhe ſayd, that it was but the ende of all ſorowes. She reckened not with the covetouſe man, the remembraunce therof bytter, Eccle. 14. But with the ryghteouſe ſhe thought it a moſt redye ; ſwyfte paſſage unto lyfe, Joan.5. The feare of deathe judged ſhe great wyckedneſſe in a Chriſtēen belever, & was in full hope that God wolde not ſuffre her to be No feare. troubled therwith. For whye, deathe loſeth us no lyfe, but bryngeth it in unto us lyke as the harde wynter bryngeth in the moſt pleſan̄unt ſomer. Who cāan thynke, whāan the ſunne goeth downe, that it utterlye ſo peryſheth? Death unto the ryghteouſe Harveſt. belever, is as a profytable harveſt, whych after ſweate & labour bryngeth in moſt dylectable frutes. Nōon otherwyſe thought it Anne Aſkewe, than a verye entraunce of lyfe, whan ſhe had it thus in deſyre, and faythfullye truſted with Paule, that God wolde fynyſh in her that he than begonne to hys owne glorye. Philippen.1.
I underſtande, the counſell is not a lyttle dyſpleaſed, that it ſhulde be reported abroade, Racked. that I was racked in the towre They ſaye now, that they ded there, was but to fear me. Wherby I perceyve, they are aſhamed of their uncomelye doynges, and feare moch leaſt the kynges mageſte ſhulde have infourmacyone therof. Wherfor No noyſe they wolde no man to noyſe it. Well, their crueltye God forgeve them. Your hart in Chriſt Jeſu. Fare wele, and praye.
Hypocrytes and tyrauntes wolde never be gladlye knowne abroade, for that Wriſleye ; Ryche. they are in dede. But for that they are not, they loke alwayes to be gloryouſlye noyſed. Wriſleye & Ryche wolde yet be judged of the worlde, ii. ſober wyſemen, and verye ſage counſellers. But thys tyrannouſe example of theirs, maketh a moſt 100 Giijr 51 moſt manyfeſt ſhewe of the contrarye. Yea, and the God of heaven wyll have it ſo knowne to the unyverſall worlde, to their ignomynye and ſhame. So is he wonte to rewarde all cruell Apoſtataes, as he rewarded Julianus, for their Julianus wylfull contempt of hys veryte. The martyr of Chriſt for her pacyent ſufferaunce ſhall leave here behynde her a gloryouſe report, where as theſe forſworne enemyes and purſuers of hys worde, have purchaſed themſelves a perpetuall infamye by their cruelte and myſchefe. In excuſe an excuſe of their madneſſe, they ſaye, they ded it only to feare her. Is it not (thynke yow) a propre frayenge playe, whāan our armes and eyes are compelled to leave their naturall holdes? Ye ment no lyght dallyaunce, whan ye wolde have had ſo manye gret women accuſed, & toke the hangemannys offyce upon your owne precyouſe perſonnes. O tormentours and tyrauntes abhomynable. Ye feare leaſt Tyraūuntes your temporall and mortall kynge ſhuld knowe your madde freneſyes. But of the eternall kynge, whych wyll ryghtlye ponnyſh yow for it, with the devyll & hys angels (unleſſe ye ſore repent it) ye have no Giij feare 101 Giiiv feare at all. It is ſo honeſt a part, ye have No noyſe played, that ye wyll not have it noyſed. But I promyſe yow, ſo to dyvulge thys unſemelye facte of yours in the latyne, that all chriſtendome over, it ſhall be knowne what ye are.
I have redde the proceſſe, whych is reported of them that knowe not the truthe, to be my recāantacyon. But as ſure as the lorde lyveth, I never mēent thynge leſſe, than to recāant. Notwithſtandynge thys I confeſſe, Of Cayphas. that in my firſt troubles, I was examyned of the Byſhopp of London aboute the ſacrament. Yet had they no graunte of my mouth but thys. That I beleved therin, as the worde of God ded bynde me to beleve. More had they never of me.
In the ende of her firſt examynacyon, is thys matter treated of more at large. Here 102 Giiiir 52 Here do ſhe repete it agayne, onlye to be knowne for Chriſtes ſtedefaſt membre, and not Antichriſtes. To the voyce of Chriſtes martyr. hym ſhe faythfullye obeyed, but the voyce of that Romyſh monſtre and other ſtraungers ſhe regarded not, Joan. 10. As ſhe perceyved whan ſhe was before the Byſhopp of London, that all paſſed Bonner. ſtyll, after their olde tyrannye, and nothynge after the rules of ſcripture, ſhe ſuſpected their doctryne more than afore, and thought them non other than Chriſt warned hys dyſcyples to be ware of, Luce 12. Wherupon ſhe throughlye Wolves. covenaunted with her ſelf, never to denye hys veryte afore men at their callynge on, leaſt he ſhuld agayne denye her before hys eternall father. Mathei 10. For if the confeſſynge therof bryngeth ſalvacyon, as ſaynt Paule ſalvacyōon. ſayth it doth, Roman. 10. The denyenge therof on the other ſyde, muſt nedes brynge in dampnacyon.
Thēen he made a coppye, whych is now in prynt, & requyred me to ſett 103 Giiiiv to ſett therunto my hande. But I refuſed it. Then my ii. ſuertyes ded wyll me in no wyſe to ſtycke Hande writynge therat. For it was no great matter, they ſayd. Then with moch a do, at the laſt I wrote thus, I Anne Aſkewe do beleve thys if Gods worde do agre to the ſame, & the true catholick churche,
Commonlye is it ſpoken of popyſh preſtes, that in doynge their falſe feates, Gods ſtede. they ſytt in Gods ſtede. Thys poynt folowed the bludderynge Byſhopp of London here, whych for their olde fantaſyed ſuperſtycyon, laboured in thys woman to dyſplace the ſyncere veryte of the lorde. But ſo ſurelye was ſhe buylded upon Buylded. the harde rocke, that neyther for enmyte nor fryndeſhypp, wolde ſhe ones remove her fote, Mathei 7. Neyther anguyſhe, trouble, torment, nor fyre, coulde ſeparate her from that love of her lorde God Roma.8. Though ſhe were for hys ſake A lambe. rebuked and vexed, and alſo appoynted as a 104 Gvr 53 as a ſhepe to be ſlayne, Pſal.43. Yet ded ſhe ſtrongelye through hym overcome, and have (I doubt it not) obtayned the crowne of lyfe, Apoca.2.
Then the Byſhopp, beynge in great dyſpleaſure with me, bycauſe I made doubtes in my writynge, commaunded me to Pryſon. pryſon. Where I was a whyle. But afterwardes by the meanes of fryndes, I came out agayne. Here is the truthe of that matter. And as concernynge the thynge that ye covete moſt to knowe, Reſort to the vi. Eucharyſtye. of Johan, & be ruled alwayes therby. Thus fare ye wele. Quoth Anne Aſkewe.
In all the ſcriptures we reade not, that eyther Chriſt or yet hys Apoſtles Pryſon. commaunded anye man or woman to pryſon for their faythe, as thys tyraunt Byſhopp ded here. But in dede we fyndeGv de 105 Gvv de that Chriſtes holye Apoſtles, were oft tymes cruellye commaunded to pryſon of the ſame ſpyghtfullye ſpirytuall generacyon, Chriſt. Acto.126.96.36.199. Chriſt wylled hys true belevers to loke for non other at their ſpirytuall handes, than enpryſonmentes and deathe, Mathei 10. Joan. 16. And therfor ſayd Peter unto hym. I am redye to go with the, lorde, both into pryſon and to deathe, Luce 22. Paule greatlye complayneth of hys enpryſonmentes and ſcourgynges by them, 2.Corinth,11. Smyrna. Dyverſe in the congregacyon of Smyrna were enpryſoned by that fearce ſynagoge of Sathan, Apoca.2. Eſaye prophecyenge the condycyons of the ſpirytuall Antichriſt, ſayth amonge antichriſt other, that he ſhulde holde men captyve in preſon, Eſaie 14. Ezechiel reporteth that he ſhuld churlyſhlye checke, and in cruelte rule, Ezechie. 34. Zacharye ſheweth that he ſhuld eate up the fleſhe of the fatteſt, Zacharie 11. Daniel declareth that he ſhuld perſecute with ſwerde and fyre. Daniel 11. And with fyre ſaynt Johan verefyeth that he ſhuld be all dronke with the bloude of the witneſſes of Jeſu, Apoca.17. And therfor in 106 Gvir 54 in theſe feates, hys Byſhoppes do but their kyndes. Thus endeth the lattre examynacyon.
The confeſſyon of her faythe whych Anne Aſkewe made in Newgate afore ſhe ſuffered.
I Anne Aſkewe, of good memorye, although my mercyfull father hath geven me the breade of adverſyte, & the water of Trouble. trouble, yet not ſo moch as my ſynnes hath deſerved, confeſſe my ſelfe here a ſynner before the trone of hys heavenlye mageſte deſyerynge hys eternall mercye. And for ſo moch as I am by the lawe unryghtouſlye cond ēempned for an evyll doer cōoncernynge Condempned. opynyōons, I take the ſame moſt mercyfull God of myn, whych hath made hboth heanuven and earthe, to recorde, that I holde no opynyons contrarye to hys moſt holye worde.
What man of ſober dyſcreſſyon, can judge thys woman yll, indyfferentlye but markynge thys her laſt confeſſyon? Not a fewe of moſt evydent argumentes are prove her therin, to prove her the true ſervaunt of God. Her wyttes were not ones dyſtracted, for all her moſt tyrāannouſe handelynges. She was ſtyll of a perfyght memorye, accountynge her empryſonmentes, revylynges, rackynges, and other tormentes, but the breade of adverſyte and the water of trouble, as ded David afore her. Pſalm.79. As the lovynge chylde Frutes of faythe. of God, ſhe receyved them without grudge, and thought them deſerved on her partye. She toke them for hys hande of mercye, and gave moſt hygh thankes for them. She mekelye confeſſed her ſelfe in hys ſyght a ſynner, but not an haynouſe heretyke, as ſhe was falſelye judged of the world. In that matter ſhe Obedyēent to God. toke hym moſt ſtronglye to witneſſe, that though in faythe ſhe were not agreable to the worldes wylde opynyon, yet was ſhe not therin contrarye to hys heavenlye truthe. She had afore that proved their ſpretes conferrynge both their iudge- 108 Gviir 55 judgements, 1.Joan.4. and perceyved them farre unlyke, Eſaie 55.
And I truſt in my mercyfull lorde, whych is the gever of all grace, that he wyll gracyouſlye aſſyſt me agaynſt all evyll opynyons, No heretyke. whych are contrarye to hys bleſſyd veryte. For I take hym to witneſſe, that I have, do, and wyll do unto my lyves ende, utterlye abhorre them to the uttermoſt of my power. But thys is the hereſye whych Breade. they report me to holde, that after the preſt hath ſpoken the wordes of conſecracyon, there remayneth breade ſtyll.
Conſydre without frowarde, parcyall or wylfull affeccyon, the poyntes herin contayned, and than judge of what harte Prove yet or conſcyence they have ryſen. The hope of thys woman was onlye in God. Hym ſhe confeſſed to be of all grace the 109 Gviiv the gever. Alone in hys mercye ſhe truſted. She inſtauntlye deſyred hym to defende her from all errours. She abhorred all hereſyes. She deteſted mennys ſuperſtycyouſe invencyons. And moſt firmelye cleaved to hys eternall worde. If theſe with thoſe that went afore, be not Frutes of faythe. frutes of true chriſtyanyte, or of a perfyght membre of Gods eleccyon, what frutes wyll we deman̄unde? S. Paule ſayth No man can confeſſe that Jeſus is the lorde (as ſhe hath done here) but in the holye Ghoſt, 1.Corinth.12. David alſo ſpecifyeth that the lorde never forſaketh them whych call upon hys name, & put their truſt in hym, Pſal.9. And as touchynge the preſtes conſecracyōon, whych is Conſecracyon, ſoch a charme of inchauntemēent as maye not be done but by an oyled offycer of the popes generacyon, ſhe ded godlye to reject it in that clowtynge kynde. For in all the Byble is it not that anye māan can Waffer. make of a drye waffer cake, a newe ſaver a newe redemer, a newe Chriſt, or a newe God, No though he ſhuld utter all the wordes and ſcriptures therin.
But they both ſaye, and alſo 110 Gviiir 56 teache it for a neceſſarye artycle of faythe, that after thoſe wordes be ones ſpoken, there remayneth no breade. but even the ſelfe ſame bodye that hynge upon Breade. the croſſe on good frydaye, both fleſhe, bloude, and bone. To thys beleve of theirs, ſaye I naye. For then were our commen Crede falſe, whych ſayth that he ſytteth on the ryght hande of God the father almyghtye, Shall come. and from thens ſhall come to judge the quyck & the dead. Loo, thys is the hereſye that I holde, and for it muſt ſuffer the deathe.
Of Antichriſt reade we in the ſcriptures, antichriſt that he & hys oyled Apoſtles ſhuld do falſe myracles, Math.24.2. Theſ.2. ; Apoca.13. We fynde alſo in the ſame ſelfe places, that he ſhuld exalte hymſelfe above all that is called God, or that is worſhypped as God. Who ever hearde of ſo great a wondre? that a 111 Gviiiv drye cake myght become a God to be worſhypped? A myracle were thys above all the myracles that ever were Myracle wrought, and a worke above all the workes that ever were done, if it were true as it is moſt falſe. Though our eternall God created heaven and earthe in the firſt begynnynge, and fourmed all other creatures, Gene.1. Yet reade we not of hym, that he made of hys creatures anye No God. newe God to be worſhypped. In that poynt are our oyled Antichriſtes afore hym. And where as he reſted whollye in the ſeventh daye, from that offyce of creacyon, Gene. 2. and never toke it upon hym ſens that tyme, as teſtyfyeth Doctors. Johan Chriſoſtome, Auguſtyne, Hierome, Bedas, Alcuinus, and all ther other doctors. Yet wyll they take upon thēem to create everye daye a freſh, and whan Moulde in the boxe. their olde God ſtynketh in the boxe, remove hym out of the waye, and put a newe in hys rowme. yea, they can make of breade (whych is but mannys corruptyble creature, and ordayned onlye to be eate) ſoch a God as ſhall ſtande checkemate with the great God of heaven, ; paraventure deface hym alſo. Oh blaſphemouſephemouſe 112 Hr 57 phemouſe wretches and theves. Be ones aſhamed of your abhomynable blyndeneſſe, Godmakers. and ſubmytt your ſelves to a juſt reformacyon.
But as touchynge the holye The ſupper. and bleſſyd ſupper of the lorde, I beleve it to be a moſt neceſſarye remembraunce of hys gloryouſe ſufferynges and deathe. More over I beleve as moch therin, as my eternall & onlye redemer Jeſus Chriſt wolde I ſhuld beleve. Fynallye I beleve Scriptures. all thoſe ſcriptures to be true. whom he hath confirmed with hys moſt precyouſe bloude.
No godlye inſtytucyon nor ordynaunce of Chriſt, do thys faythfull woman Without Maſſe. contempne, but reverentlye ſubmytteth herſelf therunto, in the kynde that he ded leave them. She proteſteth here to beleve ſo moch, as can be ſhewed by the ſcriptures of both teſtamentes. And H what 113 Hv what is more to be requyred of a Chriſten belever? Onlye ded ſhe in conſeyence refuſe and abhorre, the ydell obſervacyons, Idolatryes. the paganes ſuperſtycyons, the ſorcerers inchauntmentes, and the moſt parellouſe ydolatryes, whych the Romyſh pope and hys clergye have added to their Maſſe for covetouſneſſe. In thys (I ſuppoſe) ſhe remembred the wordes of ſaynt Paule, 1. Corinth 2. My talkynge (ſayd he) and my preachynge, was not with perſuaſyble or entyſynge wordes Mannys wyſdome of mannys corrupt wyſdome, but in utteraunce of the ſprete and of power, that your faythe ſhuld not ſtande in the wyſdome of men, but in the power of God. For that (ſayth Chriſt) whych ſemeth hygh and holye afore men, is fylthye abhomynacyon before God, Luce 16.
Yea, and as S. Paule ſayth, Scriptures. thoſe ſcriptures are ſuffycyent for our lernynge annd ſalvacyōon, that Chriſt hath lefte here with us. So that I beleve, we nede no 114 Hijr 58 no unwritten verytees to rule hys churche with. Therfor loke what he hath layed unto me with hys owne mouthe, in hys Hope. holye Goſpell, that have I with Gods grace, cloſed up in my harte. And my full truſt is (as David ſayth) that it ſhall be a lanterne to my fote ſteppes, Pſalme 118.
Styll are theſe frutes of ineſtymable wholſomneſſe, declarynge thys womāan a moſt perfyght and innocent membre prouuve ſtyll of Jeſus Chriſt. In thys whole proceſſe (marke it hardelye) ſhe ronneth not for ſocour to the muddye waters or broken pyttes of the Phyliſtynes, Hieremye 2. Whych are the corrupt doctrynes and tradycyons of men. But ſhe ſeketh to the verye welſprynge of helthe, & fon̄untayne of ſalvacyon, Joāan. 4. All unwritten verytees left ſhe to thoſe waverynge wanderers whych wyll eternallyeHij nally 115 Hiiv nallye peryſh with them. And in the verytees Frutes of faythe. written, appoynted ſhe to journaye amonge the true Chriſten belevers towardes the lāande everlaſtynge. In all her affayres moſt fyrmelye ſhe cleaveth to the ſcriptures of God, whych geveth both ſprete and lyfe, Joan.6. As the harte in the foreſt deſyreth the pleſaunt water brokes, ſo longed her ſowle and was deſyerouſe of the manyfeſt glorye of her Her god. eternall God, Pſal.41. If her porcyon be not in the lande of the lyvynge, Pſal. 141. Yea, if ſhe be not allowed a cytezen with the Sayntes, Ephe. 1. And her name regeſtred in the boke of lyfe, Apoca. 20. Yt wyll be harde with manye. But certayne and ſure I am, that with Marye A ſure part. Marthaes ſyſtre, ſoch a ſure part have ſhe choſen, as wyll not be takēen awaye from her, Luce 10.
There be ſome do ſaye, that I denye the Eucharyſtye or ſacrament Eucharyſtye. of thankes gevynge. But thoſe people do untrulye report of me. For I both ſaye and beleveit, 116 Hiijr 59 ve it, that if it were ordered lyke as Chriſt inſtytuted it and left it, a moſt ſyngular confort it were unto us all. But as concernynge your Maſſe, as it is now used in our dayes, I do ſaye ; beleve it, to be the moſt abhomynable ydoll that is in the worlde. maſſe, an ydoll. For my God wyll not be eaten with tethe, neyther yet dyeth he agayne. And upon theſe wordes, that I have now ſpoken, wyll I ſuffer deathe.
All the workes of God and ordynaunces of Chriſt, ſhe reverentlye admytted, as grounded matters of Chriſten beleve obedyēence. But the Romyſh popes creatures wolde ſhe in no caſe allowe to ſtande up checke mate with them. The Maſſe (whych is in all poyntes, of that fylthye Antichriſtes creacyon) toke ſhe for the moſt The Maſſe. execrable ydoll upon earthe. And ryghtlye. For non other is the chylde to be reckened, than was hys father afore hym, be he man or beaſt. The whelpe of a dogge,Hiij ge, is 117 Hiiiv ge, is non other than a dogge, whan he ydolaters cometh ones to hys age. Idolles (ſayth David) are lyke them that make them. So are they alſo whych put their truſt in them, Pſalme 113. An ydoll doth Zacharye call that proude ſlaughterouſe ſhepehearde, Zacharye 11. Who then can denye hys prodygyouſe ordynaunces to be the ſame? What other is the worke An ydoll. of an ydolatrouſe worker, than an execrable ydoll? And loke what propyrtees anye ydoll hath had, or feates hath wrought yet ſens the worldes begynnynge, the popes prodygyouſe Maſſe hath had & wrought the ſame, with manye conveyances more.
Of popes hath it receyved dyſgyſynges, Popes. inſtrumentes, bleſſynges, turnynges and legerdemaynes, with manye ſtraunge obſervacyons borowed of the Jewes and paganes olde ſacryfyces, beſydes pardons for delyveraunce of ſowles. Monkes. Of monkes have it gotten a purgatorye after manye ſtraunge apparycyōons, with a longe ladder from thens to ſcale heaven with. It hath obtayned alſo, to be a remedye for all dyſeaſes both in man and beaſt, with innumerable ſuperſtycyonsſtycyons 118 Hiiijr 60 ſtycyons els. Of unyverſytees and their doctours, have it cawte all the ſubtyltees and craftye lernynges of the prophane phyloſophers, to be defended by, as Univerſytees. is to be ſeane in the workes of their ſentencyoners, lyke as I have ſhewed in the myſterye of iniquyte, fo.33. It ſerveth all wytches in their wytcherye, all ſorcerers, charmers, inchaunters, dreamers, the maſſe ſothſayers, necromanſers, conjures, croſſe dyggers, devyll rayſers, myracle doers, doggeleches, and bawdes. For without a maſſe, they can not wele worke their feates. The lawers lyke wyſe, whych ſeke in Weſtmynſtre hawle to gett moſt moneye by falſehede, can neyther be wele without it. It upholdeth Profytable. vayne glorye, pryde, ambycyon, avaryce, glottonye, ſlouth, ydelneſſe, hypocreſye, hereſye, tyrannye, and all other devylyſhnſſe beſydes, It maynteyneth the ſpirytuall ſouldyers of Antichriſt, Neceſſarye. in all ſuperfluouſe lyvynge and wanton lecherouſe luſtes, with the chaſt occupyenges of Sodome and Gomor.
What other ghoſtlye frutes it hath. I ſhall more largelye ſhewe in my boke Hiiij called, 119 Hiiiiv called, The myracles of the Maſſe agaynſt myracles of the maſſe. Peryne. Perchaūunce ſome devoute Maſſe hearers wyll laye for the holyneſſe therof, that it contayneth both pyſtle and Goſpell. Trulye that Epyſtle and that Goſpell maye wele have a name of lyfe, as S. Johan ſayth of the churche of Sardis, Apoca. 3. Yet is it in that offyce of maſſynge, nōon other than the dead or mortyfyenge letter. 2. Cor. 3. For the Dead letter. ſprete that ſhuld quycken, is clerelye taken frōom it, So that nothynge els therof remayneth to the common people, but a dead noyſe and an ydle ſounde, as it is now in the Romyſh lāanguage. Who can ſaye, but it was the ſcripture, that Sathan Sathan. alleged unto Chriſt upon the pynnacle of the temple? Math.4. Yet remayneth it there ſtyll, after hys ungracyouſe handelynge therof, as a falſe craftye ſuggeſtyon, a devylysh errour, or a ſhyelde of hys wyckedneſſe, & wyll do evermore. Where are the names of God, of hys Angels, Wytches & of hys ſayntes, more ryfe, thāan am ōonge witches, charmers, inchaūunters, ; ſorcerers? Yet can ye not ſaye, that they are amōonge thēem to anye māannys ſalvacyōon, as they wolde be in ryght handelynge. What 120 Hvr 61 What it is that ſerveth an ydoll, lete godlye wyſe men conjecture, whych are An ydoll. not all ignoraunt how Angell became a devyll.
O lorde, I have more enemyes Enemyes now, than there be heeres on my heade. Yet lorde lete thēem never overcome me with vayne wordes. But fyght thu lorde, in my ſtede. For on the caſt I my care. With all the ſpyght they can ymagyne, they fall upon me whych am thy poore creature, hate thēem. Yet ſwete lorde, lete me not ſet by them whych are agaynſt the. For in the is my whole delyght.
O bleſſyd woman, and undoubted cytyzen of heaven. Truthe it is, that thu Adverſaryes. haſt had manye adverſaryes, yea, and a farre greatter nombre of them, than thu haſt here reckened. And the more thu haſt had, the greatter is now they vyctorye in Chriſt. The great bodye of the Beaſt thu haſt had to enemye. whych cōomprehendethHv prehen- 121 Hvv prehendeth the malygnaunt muſter of Haters. Sathāan on the one ſyde, & the erthly worſhyppers of hys blaſphemoſe beaſtlyneſſe on the other ſyde, Daniel 11. Apo.13. whoſe nōombre is as the ſande of the ſee, infynyte, Apoc. 20. But conſydre agayne, what fryndeſhypp thu haſt gotten for it Fryndes. on the other part. Thu haſt now to frynde for thy faythfull perſeverance agaynſt thoſe ydoll mongers, the ſempyternall trynyte, the father, the ſonne, ; the holye Ghoſt, Joāan 14. With the gloryouſe multytude of Angels, the patriarkes, Prophetes, Apoſtles & Martyrs. with all the elect nōombre from ryghteouſe Abel hytherto. Thu haſt alſo here upon Favorers earthe, & evermore ſhall have, the faver of all thēem whych have not bowed to that fylthye Beaſt, whoſe names are regeſtred in the boke of lyfe, Apo. 21. And as for thy ungodlye & cruell enemyes, as duſt in the wynde the lorde wyll ſcattre Northfolke. them from the face of the earthe, be they never ſo ſtowte and manye, Pſal.1.
And lorde I hartelye deſyre of the, that thu wylte of thy moſt 122 Hvir 62 moſt mercyfull goodneſſe, forgeve thēem that vyolence, whych they do & have done unto me. Open Prayer. alſo thu their blynde hartes, that they maye herafter do that thynge in thy ſyght, whych is onlye acceptable before the. And to ſett fourth thy veryte aryght, without all vayne fantaſyes of ſynnefull men. So be it. O lorde, ſo be it. By me Anne Aſkewe.
Afore here ſhe confeſſed with David that on God ſhe had caſt her care, and Swete woman. that in hym was all her hartes delyght. Pſal.60. She deſyred hym alſo, never to fayle her in thys harde cōonflict, but ſtrōonglye to aſſiſt her, and in no caſe to permytt her to be overcommen of the flatterynge worlde, neyther yet to geve place to hys enemyes. And I doubt it not, Gods true ſervaunt. but theſe are moſt evydent ſygnes that ſhe was hys faythfull ſervaunt. I knowe certaynlye, that all the power of helle, can not prevayle agaynſt ſo 123 Hviv ſo erneſt a faythe, Math.16. For he hath ſo ſpoken it there, whych can not lye, Luce 21. & 1.Petri 2. In thys lattre part, Chriſtes membre. ſhe ſheweth the nature of Chriſtes lyvelye membre, and of a perfyght chriſten marytr in ii. poyntes firſt she deſyreth God to forgeve her enemyes as Chriſt deſyred hym in the tyme of hys paſſyon, Luce 23. And as holye Steven alſo ded for the tyme of hys deathe, Acto.7. Secondlye ſhe deſyreth their hartes to be Charyte. opened, that they maye trulye beleve and be ſaved, Acto. 16. Thys ſupernaturall affect of charyte had ſhe only of the ſprete of Chriſt, whych wylleth not the deathe of a frowarde ſynner, but rather that he be frōom hys wyckedneſſe turned, & ſo lyve A Saynt. Ezech. 33. Thus is ſhe a Saynt canonyſed in Chriſtes bloude, though ſhe never have other canonyſacyon of pope, preſt, nor Byſhopp.
The deſtroyer ſhall be deſtroyed without handes. Daniel.8.
The Balade whych Anne Aſkewe made and ſange whan ſhe was in Newgate.
Lyfe as the armed Knyght
Appoynted to the fielde
With thys world wyll I fyght
And fayth ſhall be my ſhielde.
Faythe is that weapon ſtronge
Whych wyll not fayle at nede
My foes therfor amonge
Therwith wyll I procede.
As it is had in ſtrengthe
And force of Chriſtes waye
It wyll prevayle at lengthe
Though all the devyls ſaye naye.
Faythe in the fathers olde
Whych make me verye bolde.
To feare no worldes dyſtreſſe.
I now rejoyce in hart
And hope byd me do ſo
For Chriſt wyll take my part
And eaſe me of my wo.Thu 125 Hviiv
Thu ſayſt lorde, who ſo knocke.
To them wylt thu attende
Undo therfor the locke
And thy ſtronge power ſende.
More enmyes now I have.
Than heeres upon my heed
Lete them not me deprave
But fyght thu in my ſteed.
On the my care I caſt
For all their cruell ſpyght
I ſett not by their haſt
For thu art my delyght.
I am not ſhe that lyſt
My anker to lete fall
For everye dryſlynge myſt
My ſhyppe ſubſtancyall.
Not oft uſe I to wryght
In proſe nor yet in ryme
Yet wyll I ſhewe one fyght
That I ſawe in my tyme.
I ſawe a ryall trone
Where Juſtyce ſhuld have ſytt
But in her ſtede was one
Of modye cruell wytt.
Abſorpt was rygtwyſneſſe
As of the ragynge floude
Sathan in hys exceſſe.
Sucte up the gylteleſſe bloude.Then 126 Hviiir
Then thought I, Jeſus lorde
Whan thu ſhalt judge us all
Harde is it to recorde
On theſe men what wyll fall.
Yet lorde I the deſyre
For that they do to me
Lete them not taſt the hyre
Of their inyquyte.
Finis. God ſave the kynge.
God hath choſen the weake thynges of the worlde, to cōonfon̄unde thynges whych are myghtye. Yea, and thynges of no reputacyon, for to brynge to nought thynges of reputacyon, that no fleſhe ſhuld preſume in hys fyght. 1.Corinth.1.
Thus haſt thu (dylygent reader) the ende of theſe ii. examynacyons and anſwers of the moſt Chriſten martyr Anne Aſkewe, with other addycyons beſydes. Marke in them the horryble madde furye antichriſt of Antichriſt and the devyll, how they worke in thys age by their tyrannouſe members, to brynge the laſt vengeaunce ſwyftlye upon them. Afore tyme hath not bene ſeane, ſoch frantyck outrage as is now, the judges without all ſober dyſcreſſyon, ronnynge to the racke, toggynge, halynge, and pullynge therat, Cōompaſſyōon. lyke tormentours in a playe. Compare me here Pylate with Wriſleye the hygh chauncellour of Englande, with Ryche and with other whych wyll be counted no ſmall moates. And ſe how moch the pagane Judge excelleth in vertu and wyſdome, the falſe chriſtened Judge, yea, rather prodygyouſe tyraunt. Pylate. Whan Pylate had enquyred, what accuſacyon the Jewes clergye had agaynſt Chriſt, he perceyved they ded all of malyce, and refuſed to meddle therin. Joan.18, 128 Ir 65 an. 18. In Wriſleye and Riche is no ſoch Wriſleye equyte. But they rather ſeke occaſyon to accōomplyſh the full malyce of Antichriſt.
Pylate ſhewed the accuſed all faver Pylate. poſſyble. He examyned hym pryvatelye, he gave hym fryndelye wordes, he bad hym not feare to ſpeake, he hearde hym with gentylneſſe, he counſelled with hym that he myght the more frelye ſuppreſſe their madde furye, and he promyſed, they ſhuld do hym no wronge in caſe he wolde utter hys full mynde, Joan. 18. Farre contrarye to thys were Wriſleye Wryſleye and Ryche, whych not all ignoraunt of the Byſhoppes beaſtlye errours, malycyouſlye without all feare of God and ſhame of the worlde, executed upon thys godlye woman moſt terryble tyrannye. Pylate ſpake for the innocent, excuſed hym, defended hym, layed fourth the lawe, Pylate. pleated for hym ſharpelye, requyred them to ſhewe mercye, alleged for hym their cuſtome, declared hym an innocēent ; ſought by all meanes to delyver hym, Math.27. Theſe perjured magyſtrates Wryſleye & Ryche, not onlye examyned Wriſleye thys innocent woman with rigour, but alſo hated her, ſcorned her, revyled her, I condempned 129 Iv condempned her for an heretyke, & with unſpeakable tormentes ſought to enforce her to brynge by accuſacyon other noble women and men to deathe.
More over Pylate wolde ſhede no innocent bloude, but laboured to mytygate Pylate. the Byſhoppes furye, & inſtaūunted them as they were relygyouſe, to ſhewe godlye faver, concludynge that he coulde by no lawe of juſtice, judge hym worthye to dye Marci 15. Theſe vengeable tyrauntes Wriſleye and Riche inſacyably thirſted, Wriſleye not only the innocēent bloude of thys faythfull ſervaunt of God, but alſo the bloude of the noble ducheſſe of Sothfolke, the bloude of the worthye counteſſe of Hertforde, and of the vertuouſe counteſſe of Suſſexe, the bloude of the faythfull ladye Dennye, of the good lady Fizwyllyams Ladyes. , and of other godlye women more, ſoche wydowes and wyves as Paule, Peter, and Johan commendeth in their epiſtles, beſydes the bloude of ſerten noblemen of the kynges hygh counſell. And all at the ſpyghtfull callynge on of the Byſhoppes. Slacke eare gave Pylate to Pylate. the preſtes, he regarded not ther dyſpleaſure, he detected their protervouſe madneſſe,neſſe, 130 Iijr 66 neſſe, by delayes he dyfferred the ſentence, and fynallye waſhed hys handes as one that was clere from their tyrannye, Luce 23. Swyft eare gave Wriſleye ; Wriſleye ; Ryche. Ryche with their wycked affynyte to the puffed up porkelynges of the pope Gardyner, Bonner, & ſoch other, they folowed their cruell counſell, they enpryſoned her, judged her, condempned her, ; racked her at the laſt with their owne poluted bloudye tormentours hāandes, tyll the vaynes and ſynnowes braſt.
If ye marke the ſcriptures wele, ye ſhall eaſelye perceyve that Pylate was Pylate. not in fawte of Chriſtes buffetynges, beatynges, ſcornynges, face ſpyttynges, crownynge with thorne, and ſoch other extreme handelynges. But the malycyouſe Byſhoppes & preſtes whych waged Judas to betraye hym, hyred fal ſe Preſtes. wytneſſes to accuſe hym, monyed the multytude to dyffame hym, fayned falſe matter agaynſt hym, compelled the lawe and terryfyed the judge, to have their full myſchefe accomplyſhed, as our Byſhoppes have done in thys cruell acte and ſoch other. Whan Pylate. the preſtes wolde have blemyſhed hys Iij name 131 Iiiv name by the ignomynyouſe deathe whych he ſuffered amōonge theves on the croſſe, Pylate proclamed it gloryouſe unto all the worlde, writynge hys tytle in Hebrue, Greke, and Latyne, Jeſus of Nazareth kynge of the Jewes, and wolde not at their inſtaūunt callyng on, chāange it, Joāan. 19. Wriſleye & Riche with their Wriſleye ungracyouſe affynyte, have in everye poynt folowed here the execrable affectes of the preſtes. Favorablye Pylate lycenſed Joſeph of Arymathye to take downe Chriſtes bodye, and to burye it, Math. 27. Wriſleye commaunded thys martyr of God with her faythfull companyons Pylate. Wriſleye to be brent to aſhes. Pylate was ignoraunt of Gods lawes, and a pagane. Wriſleye and Ryche knowe both the lawe and the Goſpell, and are chriſtyanes, the more is it to their dampnacyon, to execute ſoch turkyſh tyrannye.
Now to conclude with Anne Aſkewe as the argument of thys boke requyreth In the yeare of our lord a 1546M.D.XLVI And in the monthe of Julye, at the prodygyouſe Brent. procurement of Antichriſtes furyouſe remnaunt, Gardyner, Bonner, and ſoch lyke, ſhe ſuffered moſt cruell deathethe 132 Iiiir 67 the īin Smythfelde with her iii. faythfull companyons, Johāan Laſsels a gentylmāan whych had bene her inſtructour, Johan Martyrs Adlam a tayler, and a preſt ſo conſtaunt in the veryte agaynſt the ſeyd Antichriſtes ſuperſtycyons as they, whoſe name at thys tyme I had not. Credyblye am I infourmed by dyverſe duche merchauntes whych were there preſent, that in the A ſygne. tyme of their ſufferynges, the ſkye abhorrynge ſo wycked an acte, ſodenlye altered coloure, and the cloudes from above gave a thōonder clappe, not all unlyke to that is written, Pſal.76. The elementes both declared therin the hygh dyſpleaſure of Gods hāande. God for ſo tyrāannouſe a murther of innocentes, and alſo expreſlye ſygnyfyed hys myghtye hande preſent to the confort of them whych truſted in hym, beſydes the moſt wonderfull mutacyon whych wyll within ſhort ſpace therupon folowe. Centurio And lyke as the Centuryon with thoſe that were with hym, for the tokens ſhewed at Chriſtes deathe, confeſſed hym to be the ſonne of God, Math. 27. So ded a great nombre at the burnynge of theſe martyrs, upon the ſyght of thys open experymēent, afferme them to be hys faythfullIiii full 133 Iiiiv full members.
Full manye a Chriſten hart have ryſen and wyll ryſe from the pope to Chriſt through the occaſyon of their conſumynge Chriſtyanes. in the fyre. As the ſaynge is, of their aſhes wyll more of the ſame opynyon aryſe. Manye a wone ſayth yet both in Englande and Duchelande, alſo, O that woman that woman O, thoſe take hede men thoſe men. If the popes generacyon and wycked remnaunt make manye more ſoch martyrs, they are lyke to marre all their whole market in Englande. It were beſt for them now a dayes to lete men be at lyberte for their holye fathers gaudyſh ceremonyes, as they are for beare baytynges, cocke fyghtynges tennys playe, tables, tombelynge, daunſynge, Ceremonyes. or hūuntynge, who lyſt & who maye. For as lyttle have thoſe tradycyōons of hys of the worde of God, in their prowdeſt outſhewe, as they have. Here wyll Tenderlynges. ſome tender ſtomakes be greved, and report that in our headye haſtyneſſe, we refuſe to ſuffre with our weake bretherne accordynge to the doctryne of Paule. But I ſaye unto them, what ſo ever they be whych are ſo ſcrupulouſeſe 134 Iiiiir 68 ſe wanderers, that they moſt execrablye erre in ſo beſtowynge the ſcriptures. For abhomynable is that tolleraunce of our brethernes weakeneſſe, where Hypocreſye. God is by ydolatrouſe ſuperſtycyons, dyſobeyed, dyſhonoured, and blaſphemed. A playne practyſe were thys of Sathan in hypocreſye to upholde all devylyſhneſſe.
On the other ſyde was there an other Papyſtes ſort at the deathe of theſe bleſſyd martyrs, and they judged of thys alteracyon of the ayre and thonder clappe, as ded the Jewyſh Byſhoppes with their perverted multytude. Whych waggynge their heades, rayled, revyled, jangled, jeſted, ſcorned, curſed, mocked, and mowed at Chriſtes precyouſe ſufferynges Preſtes. on the croſſe, Math. 27. and Luce 23. Theſe were the ydle wytted preſtes at London and their beaſtlye ygnoraunt broodes, with olde ſuperſtycyouſe bawdes and brethels, the popes blynde Bawdes. cattell. Theſe cryed there lyke madde modye bedlemes, as they hearde the thonder, They are dampned, they are dampned, their wyſe preachers outaſynge the ſame at Paules croſſe. In dede full Iiiii nobyllye 135 Iiiiiv nobyllye are they overſeane in the Byble Thōonders. that judge the thonders to ſygnyfye dāampnacyon. Thonder (ſayth the ſcripture) is the voyce of God, Eccle. 43. Thonder is the helpynge power of the lorde, Job 26. and no dampnacyon. Chriſt called Johan and James the ſonnes of thonder, Marci 3. Whych betokened that they ſhuld be erneſt preachers, and no chyldren of dampnacyon. The lorde by thonder Thonder. ſheweth hys inſcrutable workynge, Job 38. Moſes receyved the lawe, Helyas the ſprete of prophecye, the Apoſtles the holye Ghoſt, & all in thonder. What wycked ſole wyll ſaye, they receyved ſo dampnacyon?
As the lambe had opened the firſt ſeale of the boke, the voyce that went forth Apocal. was as it had bene thonder, Apoca. 6. whych is no dampnacyon, but a ſharpe callynge of people to Godwarde. The thonderynges that apered whan the Angell fylled hys cenſer. Apoca.8. were Thōonders. no dampnacyons but Gods erneſt wordes rebukynge the worlde for ſynne. The beſt interpretours do call thoſe thōonderynges whych came from the trone of God. Apocal.4. ſoche verytees of the ſcripture as 136 Ivr 69 as terryfyeth ſynners, and no dampnacyons. Neyther were the vii. thonderynges whych gave their voyces, Apoc. 10. anye other than myſteryes at their tymes to be opened, Eucherius Lugdunenſis Eucheri9us & other moralyſers, call thonders in the ſcripture, the voyces of the Goſpell, and their lyghtenynges, the clere openynges of the ſame. If thōonder be a threttenynge or a fearfull judgement of God (as in Pſal. 103.) it is to them that abyde here, and not to them that depart frōom For tyrauntes. hens, A token is it alſo that the horryble tyrauntes ſhall be as the meleduſt, that the wynde taketh awaye ſodenlye, Eſaie 29. If plage do folowe of thonder, as it ded in Egypt, whan Moſes ſtretched forth hys rodde, Exodi 9, It ſhall lyght Northfolke. upon them whych hath ſhewed the tyrāannouſe vyolence on the people of God, as it ded upon pharao and hys cruell mynyſters.
At the myghtye voyce whych was both ſenſyblye hearde and underſtanded of the Apoſtles from heaven, that the father Marke wele. was & wolde be gloryfyed by Chriſt the people ſayd nothynge buut, It thondereth, Joan.12. For nothynge els they Iv vnder- 137 Ivv underſtode therof. What Anne Aſkewe and her companyons both hearde and ſe in thys thonder to their ſowles conſolacyon in their paynefull ſufferynges, no mortall underſtandynge can dyſcerne. S. Stev ēen Onlye was it Steven (and paraventure a fewe dyſcyples) that ſe the heavens open whan he ſuffered, and not the cruell multytude whych ranne upon hym with ſtones, Acto.7. Lete beaſtlye blynde babbyllers and bawdes with their charmynge chaplaynes than prate at large, out of their malycyouſe ſprete and ydle braynes. We have in habundaunce gods worde. the veryte of Gods worde and promes, to prove them both ſaved and gloryfyed in Chriſt. For God ever preſerveth them whych truſt in hym, Pſal. 16. All that call upon hys holye name, are ſaved, Johel. 2. What reaſonable man wyll thynke that they can be loſt, whych have their lorde God more dere than their owne lyves? No man ſhall be hable (ſayth Chriſt) to plucke my ſhepe Not loſt. out of my handes, but I wyll geve thēem eternall lyfe, Joan. 10. Beleve (ſayth Paule to the jayler at Philippos) on the lorde Jeſus Chriſt, and thu ſhall be ſavedued 138 Ivir 70 ved and thy whole howſholde, Acto.16. They that ſeme in the ſyght of the unwyſe to go into deſtruccyon, do reſt in the peace of God, and are replenyſhed with immortalyte, Sapien.3.
Finis. God ſave the kynge.
Thus endeth the lattre conflict of Anne Aſkewe, latelye done to deathe by the Romyſh popes malycyouſe remnaunt, ; now canonyſed in the precyouſe bloude of the lorde Jeſus Chriſt Imprented at Marpurg in the lande of Heſſen, 1547-01-1616, die Januarii, anno 1. 5. 4. 7.
A table compendyouſe of thys lattre boke.
- Anne Aſkewe
- Anne Aſkewes ſufferynges,
- Antichriſtes badges,
- Antichriſt, where he dwelleth,
- Auguſtyne, a bloudſheder,
- Bonnner Byſh. of London,
- Breade is no God,
- Brittayne churche.
- Ceremonyes at lyberte,
- Chriſt, what meate he is,
- Chriſt, wherfor condempned,
- Chronycle writers,
- Conſecracyon of preſtes,
- Conſtancye of Anne Aſkewe,
- Deathe not feared,
- Dyfference of martyrs,
- Doctryne of the ſupper,
- Edere, what it is,
- Enemyes iii. ghoſtlye,
- Englyſh churche,
- Eucherius Lugdunenſis,
- Faythe plentuouſe,
- Frances above Chriſt,
- Frutes of faythe,
- Fryndes and enemyes,
45.61;Godlynnes 140 Iviir
- Godlynes of Anne Aſkewe.
- Governours worldlye,
- Graye fryers Chriſt,
- Hereſye dyffyned,
- Hewaldes whyte & blacke,
- Howſe of merchaundyſe,
- Idolatrye of Breade,
- Idolaters of ii. ſortes,
- Johan wycleves tyme,
- Johan laſſels brent,
- Juthwara a martyr,
- Kilianus & hys fellawes,
- Kyme, a gentylman,
- Ladyes, ſought to deathe,
- Ladye chauncellour,
- Lanfrancus and walden,
- Marryage of Anne Aſkewe,
- Martyrs of Englande,
- Maſſe is ydolatrye,
- Maſſe with hys receytes,
- Maſſe with hys frutes,
- Maſſes, who do them,
- Maſſe hearynge unrewarded,
- Myracles of the maſſe
- Moulde in the boxe,
- Names of Englyſh martyrs
- Noble women,
40.43;Northfolke, 141 Iviiv
- Northfolke, a tyraunt,
- Obedyence, where,
- Oſwalde and Oſwyne,
- Peryn all fryeryſh,
- Pylate with Wriſleye,
- Preſtes of 2. ſortes
- Preſtes and bawdes,
- Pryſoners have
- Racked is Anne Aſkewe,
- Renouncers of God,
- Ryght martyrs,
- Sacrament, what it is,
- Sacramentall cōommunyon,
- Sayntes of Englande,
- Shaxton recanteth,
- Songe of Anne Aſkewe,
- Strengthe of a martyr,
- Tyrannye of rulers
- Thomas walden
- Thonder declared,
- Tokens of martyrs,
- Vayle of Moyſes,
- Urſula with other,
- Waffer cake, no God,
- Wyncheſtre at Utrecht,
- Wryſleye, a tyraunt,
- Yonge martyrs,
God ſave the kynge.