a1r a1v A1r

Malice Defeated:

Or a Brief Relation of the Accusation and Deliverance of
Elizabeth Cellier,

Wherein her Proceedings both before and during
her Confinement, are particularly Related,
and the Mystery of the Meal-Tub fully
discovered.


Together withan Abstract of her Arraignment
and Tryal, written by her self, for the satisfaction
of all Lovers of undisguised Truth.

An oval containing a mound of earth supporting a standing cross with an anchor around it and a bird holding a branch atop. Running laterally through the middle of the oval is the phrase “I never chaing” with a cross below it. Around the oval forming its border is the Latin “dat veniam corvuis vexat censura columbuas”.

I never chaing

dat veniam corvuis vexat censura columbuas

INTERNAL ERROR. Please report to wwp@neu.edu that regMe is unmatched.Psal.35.11.12 “False witnesses did rise up against me, they laid to my charge things
that I knew not.
They rewarded me Evil for Good, to the spoiling of my Soul.”

INTERNAL ERROR. Please report to wwp@neu.edu that regMe is unmatched.Psal.7.14.16. “Behold he Travelleth with Iniquity, and conceived Mischief, and
brought forth Falsehood.
His Mischief shall return upon his own Head, and his violent Dealing shall come down
upon his own Pate.”

London, printed for Elizabeth Cellier, and are to be sold at
her House in Arundel-street near St.Saint Clements Church, 16801680.

A1v
A2r 1

Malice Defeated:
Or a Brief Relation of the
Accusation and Deliverance
Of
Elizabeth Cellier.

Ihope it will not seem strange to any Honest and Loyal Person, of
what way or Religion soever, that I being born and bred up under
Protestant Parents, should now openly profess my self of another
Church.

For my Education being in those times, when my own Parents and
Relations, for their Constant and Faithful Affection to the King and Royal
Family, were persecuted
, the King himself Murthered, the Bishops and
Church destroyed, the whole Loyal Party meerly for being so, opprest and ruined;
and all as was pretended by the Authors of these Villanies, for their being
Papists and Idolaters, the constant Character given by them to the King and
his Friends to make them odious
, they assuming to themselves only the Name
of Protestants, making that the Glorious Title by which they pretended
Right to all things.

These sort of Proceedings, as I grew in understanding, produced in me
more and more horrour of the Party that committed them, and put me on
Inquiry into that Religion, to which they pretended the greatest Antipathy,
wherein I thank God, I found my Innate Loyalty, not only confirm’d, but
encourag’d; and let Calumny say what it will, I never heard from any Papist,
as they call them, Priest nor Lay-man, but that they and I, and all true Catholicks,
owe our Lives to the defence of our Lawful King, which our present
Sovereign Charles the Second is, whom God long and happily preserve
so.

These sorts of Doctrines agreeing to my Publick Morals, and no way
as ever I was taught, contradicting my Private ones, commending at the
same time to me, Charity and Devotion, I without any scruple, have hitherto
followed, glorying to my self to be in Communion with those who were
the humble Instruments of His Majesties happy Preservation, from the fatal
Battel at Worcester, and whom though poor, no Temptation could envite,
to betray him to those, who, by a pretended Protestant Principle, sought
his Innocent Blood.

These Truths I hope, may satisfie any indifferent person in my first
Change, nor can they wonder at my continuance therein, notwithstanding
the Horrid Crimes of Treason and Murther laid to the Charge of some A2 persons A2v 2
persons considerable, for their Quality and Fortunes in that Party.

For when I reflected who were the Witnesses, and what unlikely things they
deposed and observed, that many of the chiefest Sticklers for the Plot,
were those, or the Sons of those, that acted the principal parts in the last
Tragedy, which History told me too, had the Prologue of a pretended
Popish Plot.

I say, these things made me doubtful of the whole; and the more I
search’d for Truth, the more I doubted that the old Enemies of the Crown
were again at work for its destruction.

I being fully confirm’d in this, thought it my duty through all sorts of
hazards to relieve the poor imprison’d Catholicks, who in great numbers
were lock’d up in Goals, starving for want of Bread; and this I did some
Months before I ever saw the Countess of Powis, or any of those Honourable
persons that were accused, or receiving one penny of their money directly
or indirectly, till about the latter end of 1678-01January (78.) the Prisoners
increasing very much, and being in great wants, I went at the request of
Captain Pugh then in prison, with his Letter to her Ladyship, to make
known their condition, and also to shew her a Letter written by Titus Oats
his own hand, being

A Narrative

Of Oates and Beddo’s Acquaintance in Spain, and how Beddo under the
Name of the Lord Gerrard, robb’d Oates of ten pieces of Eight, which
he said was all he had, and had quite undone him. And also, how Beddo
cheated Master Francklyn the Merchant at Bilbo, of three hundred
Doubloons
, at 18 s. per Doubloon, and in his way to Bruges, robb’d a poor
Priest of four Royals, which he says, is about Eight pence English, and
cruelly beat him because he had no more money, and after that, the same
day, robb’d a poor Franciscan Fryar of his Bread and Cheese, and that there
were Writs out in the nature of an Hue and Cry to take him; and that the
said Oates, though quite ruined by the loss of his money, yet was not
half so much griev’d at it, as for the dishonour that was thereby done to the
whole English Nation.

This Letter was read before the King and Council the last time Master
Medbron
was brought thither, and by him delivered to his Grace the
Duke of Lautherdale, in whose hand it still remains.

I also gave her Ladyship an account, that the most part of the foregoing
year, Beddo lay prisoner in the Common side in the Marshalseas, and was fed
out of the Alms-basket, having sold his Linnen and other necessaries to the
Sutler for Bread and Drink.

After this her Ladyship taking the distressed condition of the Prisoners
into her Consideration, through her pious and charitable Endeavours, there
was a weakly Charity collected, of which I had the disposing, but was so
far from the diverting any part thereof, that I still went out of Purse, of
which truth, both the Prisoners and others have been very sensible since
my Imprisonment.

About this time I went daily to the Prisons, to perform those Offices
of Charity I was obliged to. And on Thursday, 1678-01-09January the 9th (78.) I
Din’d in Newgate, in the Room called the Castle on the Masters Side Debtors, B1r 3
Debtors, and about four in the Afternoon, I came down into the Lodge
with five Women, of which, three were Protestants, and we all heard
Terrible Grones and Squeeks which came out of the Dungeon, call’d the
Condemn’d hole. I asked Harris the Turnkey, what doleful Cry it was,
he said, it was a Woman in Labour. I bid him put us into the Room to
her, and we would help her, but he drove us away very rudely, both
out of the Lodge, and from the Door; we went behind the Gate, and
there lissened, and soon found that it was the voice of a strong man in
Torture, and heard, as we thought, between his Groans, the winding
up of some Engine: these Cries, stop’d the Passengers under the Gate, and
we six went to the Turners Shop without the Gate, and stood there amazed
with the Horror and Dread of what we heard; when one of the Officers
of the Prison came out in great haste, seeming to run from the Noise,

One of us catcht hold of him, saying, “Oh! What are they doing in the
Prison.”

Officer.

I dare not tell you.

Mistris.

It’s a Man upon the Rack, Ile lay my Life on’t.

Officer.

It is something like it.

Cellier.

Who is it Prance?

Officer.

Pray Madam do not ask me, for I dare not tell ye, but it is
that I am not able to hear any longer: Pray let me go,

with that he run
away toward Holborn as fast as he could.

We heard these Groans perfectly to the end of the Old-Baley, they continued
till near seven of the Clock, and then a person in the Habit of a
Minister, of middle Stature, gray hair’d, accompanied with two other
men, went into the Lodge, the Prisoners were lock’d up, and the outward
door of the Lodge also, at which I set a person to stand, and observe what
she could; and a Prisoner loaded with Irons, was brought into the Lodge
and examin’d a long time, and the Prisoners that came down as low as
they could, heard the person examin’d with great Vehemency, say often,
“I know nothing of it, I’m Innocent: he forc’d me to belye my self, What would
you have me say? Will you murther me because I will not belye my self and others?”

Several other such like Expressions they heard spoken as by one in great
Agoney. About four of the Clock the next morning, the Prisoners that
lay in a place above the Hole, heard the same Cry again two hours, and
on Saturday Morning again, and about eight a Clock that morning a person
I employ’d to spy out the Truth of the Affair, did see the Turn-keys
carrying a Bed into the Hole, she asked who it was for, they told her it
was for Prance, who was gone Mad, and had tore his bed in pieces. That
Night the Examiners came again, and after an hours Conference, Prance
was led away to the Press-yard
: This, and many things of the like Nature,
made me very Inquisitive to know what pass’d in the Prison.

Soon after this, Francis Corral a Coach-man, that had been put into
Newgate, upon Suspition of carrying away Sir Edmund-bury-Godfrey’s body
and lay there 13 weeks and three days in great Misery, got out, I went to
see him, and found him a sad Spectacle, having the Flesh worn away, and
great Holes in both his Legs
, by the weight of his Irons. And having been
Chain’d so long double, that he could not stand upright; he told me much
of his hard and cruel Usage, as that he had been squeez’d and hasped into B a thing B1v 4
a thing like a Trough in a Dungeon under ground; which put him to inexpressible
Torment, insomuch tha he soonded, and that a person in the
Habit of a Minister, stood by all the while. That a Duke beat him, pull’d
him by the Hair, and set his drawn Sword to his Breast three times, and
swore he would run him through; and another great Lord, laid down a
heap of Gold, and told him it was five hundred pounds, and that he
should have it all, and be taken into the aforesaid Duke’s House, if he
would confess what they would have him; and one F. a Vinter, that lives
at the Sign of the half-moon in Ch-si, by whose Comtrivance he was accus’d,
took him aside, and bid him name some Person, and say, they imploy’d
him to take up the dead body in Somerset-yard, and gave him money for
so doing; that if he would do this, both F. and he, should have money
enough. He also told me, that he was kept from Thursday till Sunday
without Victuals or Drink, having his hands every Night chain’d behind
him, and being all this time lock’d to a Staple which was driven into the
Floor, with a Chain not above a Yard long, that in this great Extremity,
was forc’d to drink his own Water; and that the Jaylor beat his Wife, because
she brought Victuals, and prayed that he might have it, and threw
Milk on the Ground, and bid her be gone, and not look at him, &c. For
the Readers further Satisfaction of his great and cruel Sufferings, I refer
to the Party himself now living in Gunpowder-alley in Shoe-lane, and well
known by his Misfortunes.

After this, hearing that Mary White had been much abus’d, and though
big with Child, several ways tortur’d in the Prison, and lay only for want
of her Fees, I paid them, hoping to find out the Truth by that means,
she told me of many Cruelties that were daily used in the Goal, and that
there was a person there that by Misfortune had been catch’d in the Company
of Coyners, and though wholly innocent, had been cruelly used, because,
as she said, he was a Catholick, and for a week together had worn a pair
of Sheers that weighed forty pound, because he would not go up to the
Chappel. That this person had made it his Business to inspect the Usage of
the Prisoners, and had drawn up Articles against the Keepers.

About the 1679-04-10tenth of April (79) I went to the Grate at Newgate, to speak
with him, he was in Irons and Raggs, and said his name was Willoughby,
and that he was Nephew to a person of Quality I knew of that name; And
with great bemoanings told me that being just come from Flanders, he
was lodg’d by Chance in a house where Coiners lodg’d; he was taken
among them on Suspition, and though aquitted at the Sessions, yet the
Disgrace had so displeas’d his Uncle, that he would do nothing for him,
and he having no Parents nor Friends, was in great Danger of perishing
there, and in very humble and religious words begg’d my Charity, and
gave me the following

Articles B2r 5

A Briefe Account of the Tyrannical Barbarisme inflicted
on the Kings Prisoners in His Majesties Goal
of Newgate.

Mary Middleton.
Susan Wallice.
T.Thomas Willoughby.
The detaining of Prisoners for Fees without limitation, and may till
Death yield more favour than a stupified Jaylor, and all this after they
have taken the benefit of his Majesties Most Gracious Free Pardon.

Mary White.
Mary Middleton.
John Whitehand.
Robert Ball.
James Douglas.
T.Thomas Willoughby.
The taking 3 s. 6 d. per week for Lodging when the Statute allows but
2 d. per night or thereabouts, which if not paid, the persons indebted must
immediately to the Common-side, and there be detained (as many have
been) till they are starved, notwithstanding their being acquitted by Proclamation
in open Court.

The shackling and lading of all persons committed with Irons, whose
John Whitehand.
Mary White.
John Player.
Tho.Thomas Willoughby.
weight is without pity (from the Jaylor) to the intent they should give
Sums of Money to purchase particular ease, which all persons cannot do,
and those (of all) are most miserable.

The mercenary Intrigues of the Jaylor, which are beyond the thoughts of
Christians, are thus, when any Prosecutor comes to view a prisoner in custody,
William Leigh.
Anne Sutton.
Tho.Thomas Willoughby.
and knows him to be the person for whom he sought, the prisoner is by
the Jaylor forthwith sent for, who questions his ability, and if he finds sufficient
to satisfie his Avarice, he promises to secure him with Life against
Justice, by vertue of his Interest in the Recorder, but if poor, joyns with
the Prosecutor to the same intent, either to the hazard of the Prisoners life,
or at least a tedious Confinement.

Judeth Collinson.
Elizabeth Evans.
Mary Porter
Tho.Thomas Willoughby.
The unlegal deteining of another sort of persons which have pleaded
His Majesties Pardon of Transportation, and accoring to the form thereof
have given in Bail to Transport themselves in 8 months, which is the time
limited in the said Pardon, which persons, notwithstanding their being bail’d,
Mary White,
and others.
are still deteined, and often till the time be expired, which makes the Jaylors
Market with the Merchant, and inslaves the persons, or at least creates
Vice instead of Reformation, and converts the Money to his own
Use.

Jane Middleton.
Mary White.
Charles Parker.
T.W.Thomas Willoughby
The debarring Prisoners liberty of Conscience, and compelling them to go
3 or 4 pairs of Stairs to Chappel, (as the Jaylor calls it) but as it will otherwise
appear to be seen by Strangers, (through Grates like the Lions at
the Tower) who give money to the Jaylor for the same, which persons are
so severly tortured, that it is not to be thought, and that with such Irons
To this part
T.W.Thomas Willoughby only.
as (in Jaylors language) are called Shears, which are in weight 40 or 50 l.pound and
a yard in length, with one Legg fixed at one end, and the other at the other
end, which barbarous Engine produces such Torture, that the persons on
smooth ground can move but 3 or 4 inches at a time, this is his pretence
to secure his Prisoners.

Jane Middleton.
Magdalen Clench.
Jos.Joseph Mallorey.
T.W.Thomas Willoughby
The putting of persons which are Debtors to the Crown, in the place
he used to secure Condemned Prisoners, and that for not writing this
following Superscription on a Letter “(To the Worshipful William Richardson Esquire B2v 6
Esquire
)”
there to be laden with Bolts, and continued without food or sustenance
during the worshipful Jaylors pleasure.

John Whitehand.
Mrs. Whitehand.
Elizab.Elizabeth Golding.
T.W.Thomas Willoughby
The separating a Wife from her Husband, and all manner of Friends and
Relations, as well from sick persons as others, which they do to compel such
persons as are desirous to see their Friends, to give money before they be
admitted.

That all persons whatsoever are carefully searched, as they come in,
lest they should bring in such goods or provisions, as are by his Worship
T.W.Thomas Willoughby only to this. prohibited. And that he takes care with his Subbs, to be very diligent in
such search, for the better creating a Vend for his own Goods, which are so
bad, that it oftentimes breeds Distempers, and so small a quantity for money,
that unless Prisoners are more than well stored with money, poverty strikes
in, to their great detriment.

Mary White.
Jane Middleton.
Joseph Mallorey.
John Whitehand.
T.W.Thomas Willoughby
That about the 8th. of March last, a person whose name was Robert
Thompson
died, and is to be apparently made out, that it was for want of
Food, as his Corps also signifies, which was an absolute Skeleton, and that
within the space of 24 hours Contr. for. Stat. the Jaylor disposes of him as
he thought most fit, and that without any Coroner to enquire of his Death,
and to give an account of the said Subject to our Sovereign Lord the
King, &c.

That the Jaylor ordered his Subbs to Punish or privately Torture with
Dorothy Ramsey. Thumb-scrues, the person of Dorothy Ramsey, to the intent she should
discover the manner of Owen Hursts escape, who was her Husband.

William Leigh.
Jane Middleton.
John Zeal.
T.W.Thomas Willoughby
The Jaylors Extortion on the Kings Prisoners, after his Majesty has of
his Bounty and Goodness extended his gracious free Pardon, comes to the
Prisoners inserted therein (the said Pardon Signed and Sealed) and tells,
if they, or as many as can, will raise such a certain Sum, he will assure
them a Pardon, others which cannot, are by his base jugling left only as
Convicts for Transportation, and that for want of Money; thus are the
Laws of the Realm, and his Majesties pleasure to his poor Subjects, violated,
and to make the Jaylors Market, which is as usual with him, as with
our most Clement Prince to extend his Mercy.

The close Confinement of Prisoners without Relief or Sustenance, as
Mary White the
Midwife.
Several Prisoners.
and others.
particularly one Mary White, who for the space of seven weeks, was close
confined from all Conversation, as well of Husband, as other near Relations;
and not only burthened with excessive Irons on both Leggs, but for
two days together, kept from any Victuals or other Sustenance; and after
this, was by the Jaylors order, removed to a Room called the Condemn’d
Room
, and there for six weeks more kept with the Irons on her Leggs, and
though big with Child to the Jaylors certain knowledge, yet did he cause
her to be put in the Bilboes, and bolted her hands down to the Ground
with Staples of a great bigness; by which inhumane and immoderate torments,
she was so afflicted, that her Child died soon after it was born, occasioned,
as Oath will be made by the usage aforesaid; and this done
meerly to enforce her to accuse her self and others of Crimes they imagined
her and them guilty of.

That about a year since was in custody, as a Convict for Transportation,
one Elizabeth Evans, who had given in Bail to the Recorder to Transport
her self, according to the form of the Pardon, but was so indebted to the Jaylor, C1r 7
Gaol, as he pretended, that she could not raise moneys for the same, where
upon Richardson sends for the said Evans, and often requested her to refer
her self to him, (to the end he might make good his Market with the
Merchant) which she did, but when he brought a Master of a Vessel to
take the said Evans away, she refused to go, and told the Gaoler, he promised
to give her the Fees and turn her out; but that now she did perceive
’twas only to expose her to Sale, which she would not consent to, upon
which refusal, the Jaylor forthwith ordered her to the Condemn’d Room,
there to be double Iron’d, and kept without sustenance, or any converse,
till his farther Order, which came not in two days, then he himself examined
her again, whether she would consent, but she refused, and then the
Jaylor thought fit to employ some other Engines of his Tyranny, amongst
which, was a certain thing (by him called a Cap of Maintenance,) which
was fixed to her head with a thing like the Rowel of a Spur, being put into
her Mouth, cleaves to the Roof with such extream Torture, that is not to
be exprest; this the Woman endured several times, till at last, by making
her Address to some good people, and telling the manner of her usage, they
did contribute to the Gaolers demands, and so she with great difficulty obtained
her Liberty.

Jane Voss. That the Jaylor has suffer’d persons after a Commitment, to go forth with
The Jaylors own
Entries in his
Book of Commitments
for the 7th
Month in the year
16671667.
a Keeper and Steal, to the intent of satisfying his Avarice: upon which
the said Prisoner was taken, and the second time committed without any discharge
from the first Commitment.

The Persons whose Names are on the Margent, either are or have been
Sufferers in this, or some part of this kind, which may be easily produced
to give Testimony according to the Truth, and no more.

These Articles were put into Parliament that April, and they with the
Prisoners Case, were referr’d to the Judges, where they still remain; and
the poor Prisoners are yet in hopes, that their Honours will find a time to
Examine both, some there affirming, that there have been many more cruel
things acted in that Mansion of Horror, as the Story they tell of one Captain
Clarke
, who being Prisoner only for Debt, was lock’d up in a little
dark hole two days and two Nights, having no other company but the
Quarters of two Executed persons, the extream stench of which had
perhaps kill’d him, had he not took the miserable relief of holding a foul
Chamber-Pot to his Nose.

Upon my receipt of the Articles, I gave Willoughby two shillings six
pence
, for which he was very thankful, saying, He had eaten nothing in two
dayes
; and upon his frequent solicitations for Relief, I did send him at several
times, whilst he was in Newgate, sixteen shillings, and no more, till
the day he went out, and then I sent him money to pay his Fees by my
Maid Margaret Jenkins, and did pay sixteen shillings by her hand to fetch
his Coat out of Pawn.

And about that time, having been told by Mr. Kemish, then Prisoner in
the Kings-Bench, that William Stroud there Prisoner, pretended to know
much of the Plot, and had Papers in his Custody, that would proved Beddo’s
actions to be Villany, and a Letter of Beddo’s own hand-writing, expressing
he knew no more of the Plot, but what he had from his old acquaintanceC tance C1v 8
Mr. Oates; nor did he ever see Sir Edmundbury Godfrey alive or dead,
and that it was very easie for him the said Stroud, to be instructed, and
become the Kings Evidence, if he were willing.

A Copy of this Letter Stroud gave to Mr. Keymish, and I received it
from him, he saying moreover, That Stroud told him, that the Earl of S.
was instructing of him, and setting him up for a new Evidence, and in order
to it, did daily send one Johnson a Servant of his Lordships, to meet him
in the Lodge, as many persons are ready to testifie upon Oath; and that
the said Johnson frequently brought him money, with promises of Pardon
for the Murther he was then Condemn’d for, and promised him Great
Preferments if he would swear stoutly
what he should be instructed in; but
that the said Stroud said, he would not Forswear himself for all the world,
but when he was Sworn for a Witness, he would tell the Truth, and discover
all Beddo’s Villany.

I believing this to be meer Roguery, invented to insnare Mr. Keymish
and Mr. Anderson, did pay Willoughbys alias Dangerfields Fees in Newgate,
intending to set him upon the discovery of it, and he being at that Instant
arrested, I removed him by Habeas-Corpus to the Kings Bench, and sent
my Maid Margaret to him to bid him get acquainted with Stroud, and use
his utmost Endeavour to obtain a sight of the Papers, and find out the
truth of the transactions betwen the Earl of S――; and Stroud. Willoughby
then acknowledged that he had been a Criminal, but exprest much
sorrow for his past Crimes, and made great protestations of future Amendment,
saying, that Stroud and he had been long acquainted, and that they
often had been a Robbing together
, and he doubted not to Effect what I desired.
And in order to it, would keep him company, and every day set down
what he could get out of him.

On the 12th of May he was carried to the Bench, and on the 20th sent
me this following account of that affair by Margaret Jenkins.

May the 13th, Stroud did acquaint me, that about 15 years since he
knew Bedlow, who was then servant to Alderman Blackwel of Bristol, and
was so Poor, he had scarce Shooes and Stockings to his Feet; but Strode
denyes he ever see Bedlow since, till he and Oates came to the Kings-
Bench
to view the Prisoners, and once since that Mr. Bedlow came with
his Brother, who was the night after wounded. He denies the holding
of any correspondence with Mr. Bedlow either by Letter or otherwise, but
sayes that one Philip Marsh (who is either a friend or Servant to Mr.
Bedlow
(is his friend) that is to say, Strodes friend) and that they said
Philip Marsh had often sent Letters to Strode, in which Letters it has been
desired that the answers thereto should be left at Bedlows lodging; but the
Contents of the said Letters either were not worth while to repeat, or he
was unwilling so to do.

1679-05-14May the 14. 1679. Strode told me this day, that Bedlows occasion of
giving him Money was to the intent he should conceal something he knew
of Bedlow, which if discovered, would be of consequence enough to hang
him, if prosecuted on the same; and the sums which Bedlow sent him
were the greater, for that Strode should take particular notice of the behaviour
of the Priests which are here, and who they did correspond with;
which Strode has done, and has sent some to follow divers persons which hav C2r 9
have come to Mr. Anderson, which persons and their abodes, are as Strode
sayes, well enough known, and hereupon swore Damn his soul, if they
should not be better known if ever he could obtain his liberty.

May the 15. Strode acquainted me, that either his business was either
past, or in great probability so to be; and when he could get his enlargement,
there were some in the world should soon feel the effects of his fury: But
amongst the rest, Mr. Anderson, who as Strode said, was very uncertain
of ever being so near his liberty; but if there be ever any probability for
Andersons liberty, Strode makes no doubt but to prevent the same. By
this I find Strodes thoughts to be laden with venome (as having been thwarted
in his temper by some of the Catholicks) and to his power he designs a
Revenge on them, but for what I know not.

May the 16. Strode did this day acquaint me, that his wife had
in a Cabinet at home in the Country, the original papers which concerned
Mr. Bedlow, and when he can be at liberty to go home, he will be very brisk
in exposing the said matters contained in the said papers to a publick view;
but whilest he remains in custody, he will not impart the said matters to
any person whatsoever, for that he will not bring himself under Mr. Bedlows
Lash.

May the 17. Strode did tell me, that one Mr. Johnson (a Servant to the
Right Honourable Earl of Shaftsbury) did often come to visit him, and
bring him Guinneyes, in order to the prevailing with him for to joyn Evidence
with Bedlow: but Strodes answer was (as he informed me) that he
would not perjure himself for Ten thousand worlds.

May the 18. Jones (Strodes Bedfellow) did inform me, that he had this
day seen in Strodes hands some papers which did contain the whole matter
of the Popish Plott, in a more plain manner than either Oats or Bedlow
could make out.

And that the Earl of Shafsbury’s servant (whose Name was Mr. Johnson)
came often to Strode, to Court him to give his Testimony against the Lords
in the Tower, and had offered Strode most considerable sums of money if he
would do the same.

May the 19. Jones did tell me, Strode had in some discourse informed
him, that Bedlow in the time of his Padding was entertained at Strodes
house, and particularly when there had been a Robbery committed but a day
before, and at the same time a Hue and Cry was all over the Country to apprehend
him: And that is not long since that Strode sent to his wife at
Shepton Mallet in the County of Somerset, for the Copies of some Writings
which were in her Custody, which said writings are the original of those
he shewed Jones.

May the 20. Jones sayes, Strode had often prayed his advice what to do
in a matter of such weighty ConsqeuenceConsequence as was to be made out from the
aforesaid papers: Jones answered him, that in regard he was in Reversion
of a good Estate, and had divers good and honourable Relations to support
him, it would perhaps be much more both for his Credit and advantage
to be silent in things of such a nature than to stir, unless he could made every
particular thereof visible by a lively Testimony. Upon which Advice
Strode did promise to let it fall, rather than run the hazard of disobliging
his Relations and Friends, and become altogether obnoxious.

C2 The C2v 10

The foregoing informations, written by Willoughby’s own hand, were
found between the Pewter in my Kitchin by Sir William Waller, when he
search’d my House, and by him Carry’d before the Lords of the Council; and
as the Father of Lyes did once tell truth, so he had inserted this one truth
in his lying Narative. But since it is the reward of Lyers, not to be believ’d
when they do tell truth: That he may be Credited this once, I Print the
Copies of the four following Depositions, which with many more I have
to the same purpose, do all confirm it.

“Thomas Hill Gentleman maketh Oath, That William Stroud, Confederate
with Thomas Dangerfield, did about June or July 1679(79) very much Importune
this Deponent to Joyne with him, the said Stroud, Oates and Bedlow,
to be the Kings Evidence, and to swear that the Queen and their Royal
Highnesses, the Duke and Duchess of York, and the Lords in the Tower, were
Traytors, and Guilty of the Plot
; and the said Stroud told this Deponent,
that it should be worth two or three Thousand Pound to him, and his Liberty
for so doing; and the said Stroud told this Deponent and several others,
that the Earl of Shaftsbury sent him what money he would spend for the
Carrying on of the Plot against the Duke and Lords in the Tower: And that
his Lordship sent a servant of his, called Mr. Johnson, to the said Stroud
very often to Incourage and Drink with the said Stroud in the Lodge, and
gave him money, as the said Stroud told me. There also came a Steward of
his Lordships, called Mr. Stringer and Mr. Edward Stroud, to hear what
the said Stroud would swear against the Duke and the Lords in the Tower before
his Lordship would procure the said Strouds Pardon: Since then, the
said Stroud hath made Affidavit to the same purpose, where he nameth
his Royal Highness and the Dutchess; and his Confederate Dangerfield
got an order to bring this Deponent before Stephen Harvy and Thomas
Foster EsqEsquire
; his Majesties Justices of the Peace, about the 1679-12-099th of December
(79)
to come and take an Affidavit of this Deponent, saying, the same
would much corroborate the Evidence the said Dangerfield had given
concerning the Plot, and what the said Stroud had Deposed also, and that
the said Dangerfield in pursuance thereof, did urge and perswade this Deponent
to swear to the said Strouds Affadavit, and would not let this Deponent
read the said Strouds Affidavit; but the said Dangerfield did both read
the said Strouds Affadavit, and also write what this Deponent said, but he
omitted reading that which concern’d the Duke and Dutchess of York
, and so
thought to put a trick upon this Deponent, and bring him in as an Evidence
against them, but that Justice Foster did espie it, and ask’d this Deponent
concerning the particulars relating to the Duke and Dutchess, and then
this Deponent truly swore he never heard their Names so much as mentioned
concerning the Plot. Since that, the said Dangerfield hath set out a
Narrative where he mentions this Deponents Name in several particulars,
which is very false; he hath also sworn against Mr. Anderson in his tryal,
where he mentions this Deponents Name to that which is very false. The
30th of January or thereabouts, William Stroud came to the Kings-Bench
and told this Deponent before another Gentleman, that if he had joyn’d
with him, Dangerfield, Oates and Bedlow, in giving in his Evidence against
the Queen, Duke and Dutchess, and Lords in the Tower, he had been free
from all his Troubles, and His Debts paid; but since he did not do it, he should D1r 11 should suffer Imprisonment all his life, and in a worse Place; and that very
night this Deponent was lock’d up in a little hole under Ground, and hath
ever since been much opprest; and further this Deponent saith, he hath been
very much perswaded not to appear at Mrs. Celliers tryal, and several have
used means to the contrary, but this Deponent being Subpoena’d thereunto,
is obliged to satisfie the truth therein, and will swear this Affidavit before
a Judge, and carry it into Court, it being a Brief of what he hath already
sworn before Sir George Jeffreys.

Signed by
Tho.Thomas Hill.”

1680-06-10“June the 10th (80) The above named Thomas Hill further Deposeth, that upon a Sunday in
the Afternoon, a Steward of the Earl of Shaftsburys, who did then live in Aldersgate-street
(as William Stroud told me) and one Mr. Edward Stroud an
Attorney in Lincolns Inn, came to the Kings-Bench to take the examination
of Mr. William Stroud then a Prisoner, and after they had been lock’d
in a Chamber about two hours, they sent for me, to ask me some Questions
relating to what the Prisoner had been Examin’d to, but I not answering
their expectation, we parted.
And after my Lords Steward and Mr. Edward Stroud was gone, I asked
the Prisoner Mr. William Stroud, how he could carry it so fairly with Mr.
Anderson
, when I knew he had given in Articles against him; he told me,
he durst do no otherwise than what he did, because if he did not do it, the
Earl of Shaftsbury would not get him his Pardon out, he being under a
Reprieve for Murther at that time.
Tho.Thomas Hill”

“The 1679-07-1414th of July (79) I Ann Mosely do testifie, that I have heard William Stroud often say,
that he could hang Bedlow if he would, and that he was maintained by my
Lord Shaftsbury, to come and Evidence against the Lords in the Tower:
That Johnson my Lord Shaftsburys Man, threatned him from my Lord
Shaftsbury, that his Pardon should be obstructed, if he did not joyn evidence
with Bedlow against the Lords, although he said, if he were subpoena’d in,
as infallibly he should, he would then declare my Lord Shaftsburys proceedings
with him.
Other times I have heard him swear, that being so importuned from my
Lord Shaftsbury, by his man Johnson, he was now resolved to stick at nothing,
nay for an hundred Pound, he would sacrifice his own Father and Mother.
As
for Mr. Anderson, I do believe that what he alledges against him, as offering
him five hundred Guinneys, is false, for to my knowledge, he always
shunned him as a Devil, knowing him from his first Imprisonment to be
a great Rogue; but Mr. Anderson being an abstimous melancholy man,
drank nothing but small Beer, which Strode after a Debauch always
Coveted, threatning, that he would hang him if he denied him; this I
have often heard Strode swear: I have often seen Johnson, and been in
his Company with Strode, as also seen monys which Johnson and Bedlow
gave him, to all this I am ready to swear, which I gave Mr. Bedlow notice D of D1v 12
of six or seven Months since by letter, though perhaps he never receiv’d it
by being out of Town, the Coppy of the Letter which I have by me will
Evidence this that I affirm to be true.
Ann Moseley.”

“I John Adderly do testifie, That Mr. Anderson was never much concern’d
in Mr. Strodes acquaintance, and the more reason I have to believe it, is,
for that as he from the beginning of his Imprisonment had notice of Strodes
being a great Rogue; so was he not backward of advising me and all
he had a kindness for, to shun Strouds Company; so that I look upon that
story of Mr. Andersons offering him 500 Guinneys to take off Bedlows Evidence,
to be a meer fiction and revenge for dispossessing him of his Chamber,
and indeed, Stroud is so great an abstract of Debauchery and Villany, and
hath always been reputed for such, that no Man of any tolerable reputation
ever valued his word or his oath, and that this is the truth, I willingly
subscribe, being ready to attest the same upon Oath.
John Adderley.”

1679-01-14January 14. 1679.

I being often in the company of William Strode, amongst other Discourses,
hapning to talk of the rise of some men, he the said William
Strode
did often say, that they were beholden to their own Industry, and
that if he were out of Prison, he would not make any scruple for an hundred
Pounds to Sacrifice any Person, nay his Father for a considerable Reward;
and that he was kept here for a Spie, as he said himself; and hath
shewed me Silver and Gold, which he said he received from one Mr. Johnson
the Earl of Shaftsbury’s man, and of one Mr. Bedloe, for such Service. Likewise
the Marshal finding it fit to remove Strode out of his Chamber, and
place Mr. Anderson in it, he was so transported with Rage, that he came into
the Gallery to me, and swore that he would be Revenged: Nay, that
he would ruin Mr. Anderson with the first opportunity. And this I took
the more notice of, because he hath swore to me, that nothing Sacred
should tie him to Truth or Lie, farther than to gratifie his Gain or Revenge,
and gloried in other Murthers he said he had Committed besides that
he had his Pardon for, which is the averment of a Person of unspotted Reputation,
that is not willing to be expos’d in Print, but is ready to make
Oath of it when thereto required.

These Testimonies I hope may satisfie an indifferent person, that Dangerfield
once writ Truth.

After this, he frequently by Margaret and others, sent his humble Request
to beg the Charity of his Inlargement, protesting that he never would
attempt an ill thing again, but would get a Service, and take any pains for
an honest Livelihood: and upon his reiterated Intreaties, I collected some
monys for him, and did pay five Pounds to buy off the Debts he lay under,
and not a Penny more, as appears by the General Releases from his
Creditors, which were taken among his Papers, and carried before the
Council.

And the day he came out of Prison, I did give him, not five Pounds as
he says, but 10 shillings, that he might not steal for want of bread, and
at the Jesuits Tryal, did employ him as a Messenger to go up and down to fetch D2r 13
fetch Victuals and Drink for the Witnesses, to wait on them, and to help
them into Court, call Coaches, and other such like Services, which he
performed so well, that several persons asked me, whose diligent Footman
he was
, for indeed, being in an old Frize-Coat lin’d with Blew, Blew
Stockings and Breeches, and a Grey Hat tuckt up, to prevent flapping
about his Ears, he could not well be taken for any other than an ill clad
Footman, though now he be Dubb’d Knight of the Post, and wear a Pearl
in his Ear
, to shew that the Executioners were kind to him, and did not
Nail his Ears to the Pillory, neither at Salisbury, Wilton, Winborne, nor
any of the other places where he was Mounted upon the Wooden Engine,
and peep’d through it like Don Quicksot through his Helmet, when he was
mounted upon Rosinant, and going to encounter with the Windmil.

About that time I sent for him to Powis House, and there told him in the
presence of Mr. Henry Nevil alias Paine, that now I would put it into
his power to be an honest man, if he had a will to be so; and would get
him either an Ensigns place under the Duke of Monmouth, who was then
preparing to go to Scotland, or else an Imployment to go to Sea: he made
choice of the later, which while they would enquire; for my Husband having
some Thousands of Pounds due to him, which was so desperate, that I
could never make any thing of them; he told me he understood such business,
and doubted not to get in many of them if he had but a Suit of Cloaths, a
Hat, and some few necessaries, that he might be in a condition to follow
them, which he promised to do very diligently. I considering he could not
wrong me, for that no person would pay mony without my Husbands
discharge: And that he having no other business but to persue the Debtors,
it was possible he might get in some of them; I agreed with him,
that he should have six shillings in the Pound for what he received, and did
give him a Stuff Suit, a Hat, Shooes and Stockings, and a little Linnen,
all which cost about 3 l. 10 s. and accordingly he proceeded, and did
get in some mony, and Bail’d out several Prisoners, and very often would
bring me News of the great Designs of the Factious, and that they talked
Treason publickly in the Coffee-houses. I encouraged him to keep them
company, and learn what he could of their Practices, in order to discover
them to his Majesty; and I having heard by some very Eminent among
them, that herded with them, only to break their Measures, that they
had drawn Forces into the City whilst His Majesty was sick at Windsor,
with intention to subvert the Government; and that if His Majesty had
died, which at that time was the fears of the Loyal, and hopes of the Factious,
they would have knock’d the Lord Mayor o’th’head, with such
Aldermen as would not Conform; and that by the help of their Partizans
in those places, they doubted not but to have been Masters of the Tower,
Portsmouth, Dover and Hull, and most places of strength within the
Kingdom, and that the Scots would advance to their help, with much more
to the same effect, which I gave in my Depositions before the Lords of His
Majesties Privy Council.

And having been inform’d by persons to whom they had been proffer’d, that
Mansel and Waller, did both offer Commissions to disbanded Officers, with
promises that they should enter into present Pay, and advised them, and
all honest fellows, to linger about the Town, for there would soon D2 be D2v 14
be hot service; and having also heard that Sir William Waller said Publickly
in Southwark, before persons of considerable quality, That there would be
a Rebellion before Michaelmas
.

These discourses being then almost General, made me the easier Credit
him in particulars, as that in order to this design, many of the Old Rump
Officers were new rigg’d
, and had Pensions paid them by the Gentlemen
of the Kings head Club, and that Commissions were given out by the
Relicts of the Rump, under the names of the Keepers of the Liberties of
England; and that he was promised one among them, and had seen several,
and that they were made of Parchment with thirteen Label Seals:
I incouraged him to go on, and gave him money to defray his Charge, and
bid him observe their Actions and Designs, and write down his observations,
that they might be made known to His Majesty; and be sure to
write nothing but the Truth, for one Lie would discredit all the Truths he
told.

After that, he writ down at several times, that which was afterwards
found by Sir William Waller in my Meal-tub, and as what I did
was truly in Zeal for His Majesties Service, so that very night he came to
Town from Windsor, I went to the Earl of Peterborough, and acquainted
him with it, and he presently handed us to his Royal Highness, to whom
Willoughby delivered the foresaid Paper, to be given to His Majesty, and
His Majesty was pleased to give it to Mr. Secretary Coventry, and commanded
Willoughby to attend upon Collonel Halsal with what further discoveries
he could make, and ordered him forty Pounds, the better to enable
him to proceed therein.

About this time, the transactions concerning Sir Robert Peyton happened,
and I believing then, as I still hope, that Sir Robert abhorring the disloyal
Practices of those he called Friends, was willing to come into the Kings
Interest, and help the Government against those that so subtilly sought to
destroy it: I then made the meeting between the Earl of Peterborough and
Sir Robert Peyton at Mr. Gadburies house, and did afterwards go with Sir
Robert
to the Duke, and his Royal Highness received him kindly, and Sir
Robert
made Protestations to serve His Majesty faithfully for the future, as
I hope he will.

For my part it was no motive but my Loyalty and Duty to His Majesty,
and Love to Truth and Justice, that ingaged me in this affair, believing I
should do His Majesty good service, by bringing back as many as I could of
the Incensed or Misled, to their Duty; and I cannot yet think I erred in so
doing. About the later end of September, Dangerfield daily brought me
Stories of the great preparations of the Factious, and that they publickly
owned their Treasonable designs, and that the Parsons, Goodwin and Alsop,
and the rest of that Gang, made great Collections amongst the Brethren,
in order to the carrying on their Rebellious Designs; and that Sir William
Waller
had three hundred Horsemen privately quartered in Town, that
would be ready for Action in an hours warning; and was the Party that
should lead up the Rabble of Westminster to seize White-hall: That the
City was ready to Rise, and expected only the word from the Confederate
Lords
. About this time Willoughby got drunk, and pick’d a quarrel at
the Rainbow-Coffee-House with one Keyniston, about Sir Thomas Player, and thereby E1r 15 thereby made himself obnoxious to the Republicans; and having lost the
hopes of obtaining a Commission for himself, he then sought to get one
by means of other persons, and then swore, God Dam him, now the
Papists will give him no money, he would go to the Presbyterians, and they
would give him enough;
but of this I then knew nothing, and he strictly
charged those he treated with in this affair, not to tell me any thing of
their Proceedings, as appears by the Oath of Thomas Curtis, taken before
Justice Warcup, vide, the said Affadavit in Dangerfields first Narrative,
Pag. 72,73.

In the beginning of October, he pretended, that by Information from a
Person that by his order haunted Sir William Wallers Club at Westminster
Market-place
, he understood that several Treasonable Papers importing
the whole design of the Factious, were kept in a house at Westminster, and
that if he could get a Warrant, and search that House, he doubted not but
that he should lay open the whole Conspiracy, and in order to it, he went
to his Majesty to pray a Warrant, and was by his Majesty referr’d to Mr.
Secretary
Coventry
, but Mr. Secretaries great wisdom made him suspect
him and his Shallow contrivance, insomuch that he would not give him a
Warrant, but I, as I said before, being induc’d to Credit him in those things
which related to the same ends, others not inconsiderable among them had discours’d
with me
, and being zealous to have the danger plainly Discovered,
that it might be prevented, did upon his complaining that he was deny’d
a Warrant, advise him to go by the Custom-house-way, which he
did, and then seiz’d the Papers, which I suppose were easie to be found,
being in all likelihood put there by himself, in order to his being dignify’d
with the Magnificent Title of the Kings Evidence.

Upon Wednesday the 1679-10-2222 of October (79) Willoughby was taken Examined,
and went upon Bail till October the 24, which day I having been abroad,
and heard much talk of him and his Plot, came home and found
him at my House, he came to me, and pray’d to speak with me, for that
he was going before the Councel after Dinner, and did believe he
should be Committed. I then going into the next Room, the following
discourse pass’d between us.

Cellier.

In the Name of God, what is it you have done, that here is such
a Busle in the Town about you?

Willoughby.

Pray Madam do not ask me, for it is best for you to be Ignorant
of it: I hope your Innocence will defend you, and your ignorance
will be your best Plea, and therefore I will not do you so much wrong, as
to tell you anything of it: I have done something I should not have done,
but I hope God will bring me off, and that I may be the better able to
make my Defence, pray do me the favour to lay up this Paper safely for
me; and by the help of this and Truth, I hope to defend my self.

Cellier.

Is it nothing that will bring me in danger?

Willoughby.

If it were, I would not be such a Villain to give it you;
it is the same Paper that lay before Mr. Secretary Coventry , and he returned
it to me the last week.

I opened it, and finding it the same, gave it
to my Maid Anne Blake, and she put it into the Meal-Tub, where
Sir William Waller found it.

E Munday E1v

Munday October the 27. he was committed to Newgate with the following
Commitment.

“These are in His Majesties Name, to require
you to take into Custody the Person
of Thomas Willoughby herewith sent
you, for forgeing of Letters Importing High
Treason, and fixing the same privately at
Mr. Mansels Chamber, to render him guilty
thereof without Cause: And you are to keep
him safe till he shall be delivered by due
course of Law; for which, this shall be your
Warrant.
Councel-Chamber, White-Hall
Worcester
Bridgwater
Faulconbridge
Francis North INTERNAL ERROR. Please report to wwp@neu.edu that cb is unmatched. Henry Coventry
Henry Capel
Henry Powel
John Nichols
To the Keeper of Newgate,
or his Deputy.”

That Night I was not at home, but the next Morning hearing Sir
William Waller
intended to be at my House, I made hast home to meet
him, and about Noon he came and made a diligent search among my
Papers, and told me, I must go along with him to the Earl of Shaftsbury,
I replyed,

Cellier.

I have no business with the Earl of Shaftsbury, and if his Lordship
have any with me, he might have sent one of his Servants to tell
me so, and I would have waited on him, as I am still ready to do, without
being had before a Justice of Peace.――But what Authority have you
to carry me thither?

Sir William Waller.

His Majesties Commission of the Peace.

Cellier.

Though that doth impower you to send me to Prison, if I be
accused of any Crime, yet it doth not give you power to carry me any
whither else.

Sir William Waller.

You are a dangerous Woman, and keep correspondence
with Traytors, and harboured the St.Saint Omars Youths――;I took
them out of your House.

Cellier. E2r 17

Cellier.

What if I did? they came over at His Majesties command, and
therefore I presume it was no Crime to Lodge them.――;And none can be
properly call’d Traytors, but those that are Convict of Treason; And do
you know any such I keep correspondence with? I am sure I know none.

Sir Will. Waller.

Will you take the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegience?

Cellier.

Have you any Authority to offer them to me? I suppose you
have none except here were another Justice present; but if there were.
I am a Forreign Merchants Wife, and my Husband, both by the General
Law of Nations, and those of this kingdom, ought to remain unmolested
both in his Liberty and Property, till a breach happen betwen the two
Crowns, and the King hath declared as much in his Royal Proclamation,
and if you violate the Priviledges my Husband ought to have as a Merchant-stranger,
the King of France, whose Subject my Husband is, has
an Ambassador here, by whom we will complain to His Majesty, and I
hope we shall obtain Redress.

Sir William Waller[Speaker label not present in original source]

If your Husband and any other person will pass their word for your
forth-coming, I’le leave you here till I come back from my Lord Shaftsbury.

They pass’d their words for me, and he went away and left me, presently
after Willoughby sent for Susan Edwards my Servant to the Prison, and he
Howled and Lamented to her, and sent me a long Epistle; I have forgot
the words now, but the Effect was, that he had been Tortured that Night,
yet would be Torn in pieces rather than bely me, or any other Innocent
Person
, and desired to know what I was accused of, or by whom, and what
Waller said to me: Then I sent her to him again with the following Note.

I have said you were taken into my house to get in desperate Debts――;They
bring me to L.S.Lord Shaftsbury They will ask me who encouraged me to go to him, I will say
it was you, it cannot worst you.

This I said, because it was Truth, which I always thought the best way
to defend my Life and Fame. Upon the Receipt of this Note he made
great Lamentations to her, expressing his fears of being Hang’d or Starv’d
there, but told her, though he had been proffer’d great Advantages, yet
he would Perish rather than do any ill thing; and pray’d her to speak
to me, that he might have Victuals sent him from my House daily, And
that I would send him a promise of it by her of my own writing.

By this I perceiv’d he was already a Rogue, and endeavouring to get
something of my writing, to make ill use of, I then Considered, that if I
refus’d to promise him Victuals, I gave him an occasion to commit Villany
for want of Bread; and therefore bid her tell him, that I would
take order at my house that he should have Victuals sent him every day,
as he had when he was under the Messengers hands. And to assure him
of it sent him the following words under my hand. It being a Motto
my Parents had used, and I my self also,
I Never Change.
Knowing that if he were honest, that was enough to satisfie him: If a
Rogue, not enough to do me any mischief.

About nine a Clock at Night Sir William came again, and found me
at Supper with some Friends, but was very Civil, and would not disturb
us; and about Ten he sent me to the Gate-house, with a Note to Church to E2 Lodge E2v18Lodg me in his own house; the Cause exprest in my Commitment, being
for Harbouring and Corresponding with Traytors; though he could not tell me
who they were, nor when Convicted of Treason
; and for refusing the Oaths of
Supremacy and Allegiance, which were never tender’d me. All that night he
and his Crue kept their Rendevouz in my house, tearing and pulling
down the Goods, and filling his own and his Footmans Pockets and Breeches
with Papers of Private concern, which he never carry’d before the
Councel nor as yet restor’d, though some of them be of Considerable value.

Next morning his Worship sent to know how I did, and to tell me, if I
thought he could do me any service, he would come and visit me. I reply’d,
if he could, I knew he would not, and therefore desired him to spare
his pains and my trouble.

Friday the last of October, I brought my self to the Kings-bench Barr,
in hope to be Bail’d; but then at the Barr, Church opposed it, saying, His
Worship
had sent in an accusation of high Treason against me, though I
had as yet no Accuser; And by the Law, no person ought to be committed
for Treason, till accused by two honest, sufficient, lawful, and credible Witnesses,
witnessing one and the same Individual Fact.

November the first, I was examin’d before his Majesty and the Lords
of the Councel, where the Fable of the Husband-man, and the starved Snake,
was proved a Truth
; for Willoughby accused me of all the Forged Stories
he tells in his Lying Narrative; and I unfeignedly told the Truth, and
the whole Truth, and nothing but the Truth. But the Lord Chancellor
told me, no body would believe a word I said, and that I would Dye.――;
To which I replyed, “I know that my Lord, for I never saw an Immortal woman
in my life;”
And then kneeling down, said

Cellier.

I beseech your Majesty that I may not be Tortur’d.

The King.

The Law will not suffer it.

Cellier.

Such things are frequently done in Newgate; and I have more reason
to fear it than any other person, because of what I have done against
the Keeper, and therefore I beg your Majesty, If at any time
I should say any thing contrary to what I have now said, that you will
not believe me, for it will be nothing but lies forc’d from me by barbarous
usage
, what I have now told you, being the truth, and the whole truth,
to the utmost of my knowledge.

Then I was sent away to Newgate, and the next day was brought again
before the Councel, and then a Lord said, “Turn up your hoods, Mrs. Cellier”,
I did so; The Lord Chancellor ask’d me, if I had not been at the Tower
to tell of Willoughby’s Commitment, and bring instructions for him.

Cellier.

I protest I have not been at the Tower Since.――;

Then the
Lord Chancellor Interrupted me, saying, “She cannot speak three words of
Truth.”

Cellier.

Pray my Lord be pleased to hear me out, and do not Judge me
till then,――;
I have not been at the Tower since Thursday was seven-night.

Lord Chan.

That was the Time, what did you there?

Cellier.

I Din’d there.

Lord Chan.

Had you no talk concerning Willoughby? tell us the
Truth, for the Countess of Powis hath told us all.

Cellier.

My Lord, nothing of Truth can do me any harm, and I am sure F1r 19
sure her Ladiship will tell nothing else:

I told her that Justice Warcup and
Mansel had been at my House to demand him, and my Husband had past
his word for his forth-coming. Then I was commanded to withdraw.

And understanding, soon after, that I should be Close Confin’d, the dread
of being lock’d up on the top of Newgate, and attended on by Fellons, as
Mrs. Prescick had been, though big with Child, and so troubled with Fits,
that they came upon her every hour, which caused Captain Richardson to
Pitty her, and take her into his own House; but some had been Locked
up there a full year, and kept in Irons above Six months of the time, the
fear of this, or worse usage, did so oppress my spirits, that though I be not
the most timorous of my Sex, and never had any kind of Fit before, I fell
into such Convulsions, that I had like to have died at White-Hall Gate.
Then I was carried to the Keepers House, and laid upon a Couch, and being
a little come to my strength and senses, I told Captain Richardson, that
if I should die in that desolate place, as it was like I might that very Night,
most persons would believe that he had caus’d me to be Murthered, in revenge
of the Articles I put into Parliament against him; whereupon he bid
me be of good Comfort, for I should be not be carry’d to the top of the Goal,
but lye in his own House, which promise so revived me, that within an hour,
I was able to go up into the Garret, where I had a very Good Bed, and a
Maid ordered to lye in the Room by me; she tended me very diligently,
and seem’d very much to Commiserate my Condition, being, I suppose, set
on to do so, that she might the more easily betray me:
I had brought Pen, Ink,
and Paper from the Gate-house, and easily prevail’d with her for money, to
carry a Note home to my House, in a Bottom of Thred, she carried and recarried
three or four, shewing them first to the Jaylors Wife and Sister,
and they took Copies of them, and sent them to the Councel, perswading
themselves they should make strange Discoveries, but I had Committed no
Crime, and therefore nothing but Innocence could be found in my Letters.

When they saw this snare would not take, then they laid another for my
Life,
and brought Willoughby over to a Window against mine, to talk with
me, having (as I then thought, and now know) set another Rogue behind
me, to hear what I said.

Dangerfield.

Madam, Madam, Madam, Pray Madam speak to me, and
tell me how you do.

Cellier.

I am Sick, very Sick of the Bloody Barbarous Villain.

Dangerfield.

Pray Madam speak low, and do not discompose your
self.

Cellier.

Nothing you do, can discompose me: I despise you so much,
I am not Angry.

Dangerfield.

I am very glad of it, for then I hope you will have patience
to hear me speak. Pray how do they use you.

Cellier.

Well, much better than I expected.

Dangerfield.

Is any body suffered to come to you.

Cellier.

No body.

Dangerfield

I am very sorry for your Confinement, but I could not
possibly help what I have done.

Cellier.

Bloody Villain, I am not confin’d, for Stone Walls and Iron
Bars, do not make a Prison, but a Guilty Conscience
: I am Innocent, and F gain F1v20
gaine that here, which my Enemies do not intend me for; I have now
nothing to do but to serve God, but you are Confin’d, and one of the Devils
Slaves.
Ah Villain; for which of my Good deeds do you seek my Life?

Dangerfield

Crying,‐you shall not dye, nor receive any other hurt.

Cellier.

Wicked Wretch! I do not fear, but desire to dye.

Dangerfield

still Crying,――;but you shall not; look here how I have
been used,

and then shewed his Arms, and Howl’d, saying, he had been
so miserably Tormented, that he was not able to bear it, but was forced
to accuse me and others, to save his own life.

Cellier.

Ah Villain, will you bely the Innocent, to save an Infamous Life?

Dangerfield.

I have told the King more than I could make out, and was
forc’d to joyn with the Confederates to get my Pardon, for I have liv’d so
ill, I am not fit to dye yet.

Cellier.

Do you think to wipe off your other sins, by committing Perjuries
and Murthers?

Dangerfield.

No, but God is merciful, and if I live, I may repent; I was
disserted by every Body, and if I had not been Hang’d, I should have been
Starv’d――It is a sad thing to depend upon an ungrateful and disunited People‐If
any care had been taken of me, to remove me to the Bench, they
could only have Pillored Me, and I would never done this, nor any other
Villany; But since no body took any care of me, I had reason to take some
of my self, which I will do. Those I belong to now are very kind to me, and
send me great Incouragements, I shall have a Pardon within two or three days,
and be set at Liberty, but before I go, I should be very glad you would consider
your own Condition, and not ruin your Family, your Maid Susan will
Swear against you, and there are two Persons found, that will lay worser
things to your Charge, than I have done.

Cellier.

Villain, you know it is all Lyes, Did I ever do any of those
things?

Dangerfield.

Though you did not, they will be Sworn against you, therefore
come in now whilst it is time, and joyn with the most powerful, you may
make your own Conditions
;

then he shewed me Gold, and told me what great
Advantages were to be made by becoming the Kings Evidence. That the
King was Bought and Sold, and here would be Republick, and the Duke
would be destroyed in Scotland
: And that if I would say His Royal Highness
gave me the Original of those Papers that were found in my Meal Tub, and
bid me cause him to put them into Mansels Chamber, and Kill the Earl of
Shaftsbury, then I should have a Pardon, and more Mony than all the Witnesses
had had together, for the Earl of Shaftsbury and the rest of the Confederate
Lords
would raise Ten Thousand Pounds among them, which I should
pass over by Bills of Exchange whither I would, as soon as I had Signed and
Sworn the Depositions; and I should have Twenty Pounds per Week
setled on me by Act of Parliament as long as I liv’d: And if I would do
it, some Persons of Honour should come and treat with me; for though
I were confin’d, there was Lords that were Privy to all, that would come
on pretence to Examine me, and settle things to my satisfaction.

But I laugh’d at all this, and receiv’d his proffers as they deserv’d, and
said, “Cowardly Wretch, you are worse than your Elder Brother Judas, for he
having betray’d one Innocent, left those that hired him, to seek false Witnessesnesses F2r 21
for themselves, and repented, and brought again the Thirty pieces of
Silver, and had Courage enough to hang himself: But you have betray’d and
belyed many Innocents, and yet are such a Coward to waite for the Hangman,
for hang’d you will be. He that digs a Pit for another, shall fall therein
himself: Therefore Repent you Rogue, and tell the King who set you on,
for you will certainly be Damn’d if you do not.”

And then by the fit Application
of other places of Scripture, I shook him so, that he Howl’d like
a Dog that had the Tooth-Ach. And again shewed his Arms, where the
Irons or Cords had worn off the Skin, telling me, he had been Rackt, and
otherwise cruelly used to force him to accuse me.

Cellier.

Ah Cowardly wretch! would you shed the blood of so many
Innocents, to save your life? I had rather dye ten thousand deaths, then belye
my self or others: And can there be any Rogues besides your self so wicked, as
to endeavor to suborn Witnesses to belye the best of Men? Look there, do you see the Devil stand at your Elbow, assure your self he’l tear you to pieces alive;

Then he howl’d again, and wrung his hands, pretending Repentance,
and told me, that against to morrow he would write down all
the Intrigue, with the Names of those Lords and others, that set him on, and
give it me, if I would give him any hopes of a Pardon for my self and
others he had wrong’d.

Cellier.

It is not possible for you, nor any other Devil Incarnate, to
wrong me more than I can forgive, if you Repent and leave your Villany;
but do not dissemble, for dissembled Piety is double Iniquity.

Dangerfield.

Do you think other Persons I have accused will forgive me?

Cellier.

Yes, if you truly Repent, I doubt not but their Charity and
Prudence will oblige them to that.

Then he told me a long Story, how kind the Earl of Shaftsbury and
some greater men were to him, and what great things they had promised
to do for him; yet he said he would Repent, and tell the Truth, and hop’d
God would have Mercy on him. Then I went from the Window‐

Next Morning he was waiting at his Window by Day-break, and throwing
little Coals at mine――;About Nine or Ten a Clock I went to the Window,
hoping to perswade him to tell the Truth, But like the Dog, was
returned to his Vomit
, and proposed to me, if I would not belye the Duke,
to say the Earl of Peterborough gave me those Papers, and that I had received
a Thousand pounds in Gold of Sir Allen Apsley to pay him for the
Murthering the Earl of Shaftsbury, and to raise Souldiers against the King:
But I received this Proposition like the former, and Answered:

Cellier.

Now I plainly see you are possest with the Devil, he speaks
through your Mouth‐You worst of Rogues, how dare you talk thus to me?

Dangerfield.

Pray Madam speak low, and do not discompose your self,
whatsoever happens, there shall no harm come to you.

Cellier.

Wretched Villain! Innocence fears nothing; I have done no
Evil, nor I fear none.――

And shut to the Window, and would speak no
more to him. All that day at times he hancred about the Window, shedding
Crokadils tears, holding up his hands, and making beseeching signs
to me to come to my Window. About four in the Afternoon I went,
saying, “Blood-thirsty ingrateful Villain, what have you to say to me?” Then he
wrung his hands and Lamented, saying, Now he was fully resolved to tell F2 ’the F2v 22
the Truth, and if I would promise he should be Pardoned, would show me
how to turn the Devices of the Malicious upon their own Heads, and had
writ it all out for me, and would tye a Coal to it and throw it in; but he
would first try if he could fling in an Apple he had in his hand, he try’d,
but the Apple fell down――;He said there is something in it, and Ran
down in great hast to fetch it――;But I suppose those that set him on,
had more fears I should Convert him, than hopes he should Pervert me, and
would not let him appear any more at the Window, but presently I heard
a great Noise in the Goal, and it was pretended, the Jaylor had discovered
our interview, and Sir John Nicholas came that Night to search and examine
me, I told him the Truth, but conceal’d that part which related to
the Duke, the Earl of Peterborough, and Sir Allen Apsley, and would not
own that I understood for what reason he shewed me Gold, as not thinking
that a fitting time to tell such Truths, I having too many Enemies
already.

Then the Window shutters were nail’d up on that side of the Chamber,
and the Casement on the other side, and from that time I had not a breath
of Air: I did but take out a Pain of Glass, and they put in another, and
unfolded and search’d all my Linnen, and cut my very Bread in pieces;
and search’d every thing with all imaginable strictness; yet Captain
Richardson
let me go when I would into a Room that look’d towards the
Doctors Garden, where the Window was open, but there was such a noysom
smell in the Room, that I rather chose to be lock’d up in my own
alone, than in that with a great deal of bold Company; for the Rats
and Weezles plaid at Barly-break, and boldly Robb’d me before my face,
and did not Dance without Musick, squeeking as they ran up and down:
And the worthy Gentleman Sir William Waller, came likewise to visit me
and ask’d if he could do me any Service, and fawning on me, with
many flattering Experssions, which I valued much like the Musick of my
other Visitants
: He pretended a great deal of pity that such a Woman as
I should be engaged among such a wicked and ungrateful people that Railed
at me, saying, I was the worst of Women, but if I would confess, as he
would have me, and come to them, I should be received according to my
Merits.

Cellier.

I know nothing to confess,――

At which he shook his head.
“You know enough to save the whole Kingdom, if you would tell it.”

Cellier.

So I do, and would be glad to tell it, if Truth could be believed,
but I have been already told in Presence of His Majesty and His Councel,
that nothing I said should be believ’d: And therefore I am resolv’d to tell
nothing.

Sir William.

Mrs. Cellier, if you will make any discovery to me, I’le ingage
you shall be believ’d.――;

Then he began to ask me Questions.

Cellier.

Sir, Spair your pains in Pumping, for I am neither Slave nor Coward,
and will not be Examined in Confinement, inlarge me, and two days
after I will tell you what I know.

Sir William.

That I cannot do.

Cellier.

Then let me speak with my Husband before a Keeper twice or
thrice.

Sir G1r 23

Sir W. Waller

I cannot do that.

Cel.

What do you come hither for then, troubling me with your proffer’d
Service, if you be able to do nothing that I ask you?

Sir W. Waller

If you will make any Discoveries, then I will help you.

Cel.

Sir William, When I make Discoveries, I am sure you will
not like them,
Yet it is very like I may make some in time, and new ones
too, for my Heart is too high to be zany to a fellow that went on my Errands.

Much such like dark discourse we had, he still flattering me, and telling
me what high esteem he had for my Wit and Courage. I told him I
took his Ironical Speech as it was meant, and did as much admire him
for another cause
; and then pluckt Englands Bloody Tribunal out of my
Pocket, and shewed him the Murtherers of his Majesties Royal Father,
and many of his Loyal Peers and Gentlemen; and told him, that was the
Game he would fain be at;
he denyed it after such a manner, as made
it visible even to the meanest capacity, That he did not think it a Crime,
and then went away.

We had only such reflecting Speeches all the time of his stay, for Mr.
Cooper
, the Deputy Goaler came up with him, and I would not let him go
away, for indeed I durst not trust my self with such a Doughty Knight
as Sir William was, lest he should make Romances of me, as he had done
of others; But I prayed him at parting to speak to his Majesty, I might
be Tryed, for I was resolv’d I would not lie there idle, but bring my self upon
my Tryal as fast as I could.

The Friday after this, I was brought before the Council.

A Lord.

Turn up your Hoods Mrs. Cellier,――

I obeyed.

L. Chan.

Come Mrs. Cellier have you writ home, since you were
sent to Newgate?

Cel.

Pray my Lord, what Crime is it to write home?

L. Chan.

It is none.

Cel.

My Lord, self-preservation is natural to all Creatures.

L. Chan.

How often have you written home since your Confinement?

Cel.

Truly my Lord I know not whether it was 3 or 4 times.

L. Chan.

How did you send it?

Cel.

Once in a little Box, and other times in Bottoms of Thread.

L.C.

What made you so earnest to have your Husband go into the
Country?

Cel.

Because he is a man in Trouble, and I thought That the best place
for him.

L.C.

Was Margaret in trouble too, that you sent to her to go out
of Town?

Cel.

I did not, nor had any cause so to do.

L.C.

You did.

Cel.

I did not.

L. Chan.

You did, we have it under your hand.

Cellier.

If I did, I desire to see my hand

――Then a Letter was produced,
being a Copy of one of mine.――Sir Tho.Thomas Doleman read it, (and
by Head and Shoulders thrust in these Words, Send Margaret into the
Country)
I desired to see the Letter, but they refus’d it. Then I own’d I G did G1v 24 did write such a Letter as that without those words――but that I had
neither seen, sent to, nor heard from Margaret since Midsummer.

L. Chan.

This is very strange you can remember every word of a
Letter, but what you should remember.

Cel.

My Lord, my Lord, I can remember any thing I did, but not
what I never did.

Lord President.

You writ it when you were asleep.

Cel.

No, my Lord, I am no Noct-ambler.

L. Chan.

Did you write to no body else?

Cel.

Yes, to my Son and Daughter.

L. Chan.

To no body else?

Cel.

Yes, to Mr. Gadbury.

L. Chan.

What did you write to him?

Cel.

Am I obliged to remember every Word I write?

L. Chan.

No, but the sense of it.

Cel.

I called him friend, and told him his last Visit would make me
always esteem him so. I know I am the talk of the Town; but what do
the Judicious say of me, for it is that I value, and not the prate of the Rabble?
Are all my Summer friends flown? Is my Knight against me too?
When will Jupiter come into Gemini?

L. Chan.

What do you expect from Jupiters coming into Gemini?
do you think that the Catholick Religion shall be restored!

Cel.

No, my Lord, I have no reason to think so, But the Planets are
no in Bestial reptal Signs, and produce semblable effects, but when that
benign Star comes into Gemini, which is a Humane Sign, I hope the Nation
will return to their Wits, for I think they are all mad now.

A Lord.

Mris Cellier, how long has Mr. Gadbury

Cel.

He is not one I think, I’m sure I never took him for one, nor ever
heard he was.

L. Chan.

What Religion is he of, can you tell?

Cel.

My Lord, I always thought him to be a Church of England man.

L. Chan.

Come Mr. Gadbury, you said you did not speak in Astrological
Terms to Women, But Mrs. Celier had told you all.

Gadbury.

My Lord, She can say no harm of me, if she tell Truth.

Cel.

Mr. Gadbury, I neither said, nor know any evil of you, I only
said you feared the Kingdom would never be quiet till Jupiter came into Gemini.

Then he was commanded to withdraw.

Gadbury kneeling down said, “I beseech you let my close Confinement
be taken off.”

A Lord.

No, you deny’d the Truth to us.

Gadbury.

I hope your Lordship will not call such a thing as this is
the denyal of the Truth.

Withdraw, withdraw Mr. Gadbury.

A Lord.

Are you with Child Mrs. Cellier?

Cel.

Truly, my Lord, I know not certainly.

Same Lord.

You say so in your Letter, and that it will keep you
from any stricter examination.

Cel.

No my Lord, I have no reason to think so, this is a time which
no Compassion is shewn to Sex, Age, or Condition.

Then G2r 25

Then the Lord Chancellor wav’d the Discourse.

Same Lord.

Do you know one Mr. Phillips, Mrs. Cellier, that you
writ of, and desir’d to go out of Town?

Cel.

I know one Mrs. Phillips an Upholsterer, but I know no reason I
have to desire her to go out of Town.

Ld.

But you did write to her to go out of Town.

Cel.

Did I not write for every one to go out of Town, I refer my self
to the Letter, and desire it may be read?

L. Chan.

No, no.

And so put off the Discourse.

Same Lord.

Do you know my Lord Shaftsbury, Mrs. Cellier? Or
have you seen him lately?

Cel.

My Lord, I have been with him lately; and (if you please)
I will tell you the occasion. In April last Sir W.William Waller was very busie
about my House, insomuch as I was forc’d to leave it, and I (having a desire
to be quiet at home) writ the state of my Case to my Lord Shaftsbury,
and prayed his Favour; He bid the person who carried the Letter, send
Sir W.William Waller to him; and from that time I had no further trouble, till
about ten or twelve days before Dangerfield was taken. He told me that
my Name was enter’d into Sir W.William Waller’s Black Bill, and he would
search my House that Week, and therefore he advis’d me to write again
to the Earl of Shaftsbury, I told him I durst not presume to do that, but
I would go to his Lordship, and thank him for the favour, and pray
a continuance of it, and desired him to go with me, because being known
in the House, as he said, and might the easier bring me to speak with his
Lordship.

Dangerfield.

Madam, I cannot at all advantage your Cause, but
injure it, for I have told my Lord Lies, and have been catch’d in them;
but if you please to let the Coach drive close to the Gate, and ask for
Mr. Shepherd, and desire him to bring you to the Figure of one, he will
bring you to his Lordship.

I did so that very night, and after I had thank’d his Lordship for his
former Favour, and intreated him that I might not be troubled with Sir
W.William Waller
, he answered me,

“Madam, I am for the propagation of the Protestant Faith; yet,
because I think you an excellent Woman, though of another Religion,
I promise you I will do you all the good I can.”

I thanked his Lordship, and took my leave.

Upon this I was commanded to withdraw.

Three or four days later I was brought before their Lordships again.

L――

Turn up your Hoods Mrs. Cellier.

L. Chan.

Come Mrs. Cellier, we have found Margaret, and she has
told us all, the Truth comes out for all your cunning.

Cel.

She can say no Evil of me, unless she bely me: Besides, she is no
lawful Witness, for she was my Servant, and turned away in Disgrace, and
if she accuse me of any thing, it is the effect of her Malice.

G2 a G2v 26

Then Margaret was call’d in.

L. Chan.

Come Margaret, this is strange, that whilst you liv’d
with Mrs. Cellier you could see nothing but Vertue and Goodness by
her, and she can tell so much Thieving, and other ill things of you.

Margaret.

She may say what she pleases of me, but I will not
wrong her.

Cellier.

Margaret you know we did lose a Spoon, and some other
things.

Margaret.

Yes, but then you thought another had them.

Cel.

Yes, and I think so still, but being told you accuse me, I must
defend my self as well as I can.

L. Chan.

Nay Margaret, we like you never the worse for her
speaking against you, and if you will tell us any thing of her, we will
believe you.

Margaret.

I know nothing but what I have told you.

L. Chan.

Go Margaret, consider of it, and remember what you
can against you come again.

Cellier.

Margaret have a care what you do, lest you foul your hands
with innocent Blood.

L. Chan.

Hark, She tutors her before us.

Cellier.

Truth may be spoken at all times and places.

Soon after this, Sir W. Waller came to the Prison again, wheedling,
and proffered his Service to help me to made a Discovery; I answered him
after the former rate.

Sir. Will.

I wonder how you, that have such a fine curious House to
Live in, can endure to stay here, and may so easily go out, and be repaired
all your Losses with advantage.

Cellier.

Sir Wil.William I value not my Losses nor my Life, I’ll stay here this
twenty Years, rather than Lie my self to Liberty. I am Prisoner for
Truth sake, and that Cause, and the joy I have to suffer for it, makes
this Dirty, Smoaky Hole to me a Pallace, adorned with all the Ornaments
Imagination can think upon; and I assure you, This is the most
pleasant Time of my whole Life
, for I have thrown off all care of Earthly
things, and have nothing to do but serve God.

Sir Will.

But for all your obstinance, you will be weary of staying
here e’er long, and perhaps put into a more rigorous Confinement.

Cel.

Have you ever a place to put me in, where God is not?

Sir Will.

No, he is every where.

Cel.

Is he so, then do your worst, I defie you all, and him that sets
you on.

Sir Will.

Why are you so angry Mrs. Cellier? I came hither to
serve you.

Cel.

I desire none of your Service, and I cannot be angry with such
a Man as you are.

Sir Will.

I protest I have as much respect for you, as if you
were my Sister, and had rather take your counsel, than any Woman’s
I know.

Cel.

I’ll assure you Sir William I will never take yours. Pray speak to
His Majesty I may be tryed.

Sir Will.

You had better stay, for if you be tryed, you’ll certainly
be put to death.

Cel. H1r 27

Cel.

Thanks be to God, you must neither be Judge nor Jury-man,
but I’ll venture that, and bring my self to the Bar the first day of the next
Term.

Sir Will.

You must not be tryed there, you must be tryed at the
Old Bayly.

Cel.

If his Majesty bring me upon my Tryal, He may try me where
He pleases; but if I bring my self to it, it must be at the Kings-Bench
Bar
.

Sir Will.

You are deceived, you cannot.

Cel.

But I can, and will to.

Sir Will.

I’ll tell his Majesty what you say.

Cel.

Pray do, for I desire it.

Sir Will.

Well, I see you are an obstinate woman, and do not understand
your own good, I’ll come no more to you.

Cel.

I care not for your Company, therefore pray stay away; and tell
Truth Once in your Life.

As he was upon the Stairs going down, I call’d to the Maid to bring
me some Beer, and he was willing to believe I called him, and ran up
in great haste, asking though the Door if I had bethought my self of
any thing he could do to serve me.

Cel.

No Sir Will.William I am not such a distressed Damosel to use your
Service
. For as the Devil can do harm, but not good; so, though you have
put me in, yet it is not in your power to fetch me out of this inchanted Castle,
but I shall come out e’er long to a Glorious Death, or an Honourable
Life, both which are indifferent to me, blessed be God.

After this I was no more troubled with him.

That night the Duke of Monmouth came to town from Holland I
was fetched before the Council in great haste, having now learn’d to
turn up my Hoods without bidding.

L. Chan.

Come Mrs. Cellier, we hear of your zeal.

Cel.

It is a Virtue to be zealous my Lord.

L. Chan.

The Truth comes out by little and little, we shall know
all.

Cel.

My Lord I wish all the truth were known, and then I should go
home to my own House.

L. Chan.

When were you in Flanders?

Cel.

Never.

L. Chan.

You were.

Cel.

I never was out of England.

L. Chan.

Do you know one Mr. Adams?

Cel.

What Mr. Adams does your Lordship mean?

L. Chan.

Mr. Adams, a Commissioner of the Statute of Bankrupt.

Cel.

Yes, I know him well, he sent John-a-Nokes to Prison, and thereupon
was put out of Commission.

L. Chan.

Has he done you any personal injury?

Cel.

Only helpt to cheat me of five Hundred Pounds.

L. Chan.

Nothing else?

Cel.

No my Lord, but I’ll assure you he did that.

L. Chan.

You were at the Devil-Tavern with him and Dangerfield
the 24th of September, and said there was no Plot but a Presbyterian H Plot H1v 28 Plot and that it would appear so in a Month, you tim’d it well, for
just then your Intrigue was found out.

Cel.

My Lord I was at the Devil-Tavern, but not within three weeks
of the time you mention.

L. Chan.

You were there at that time, and said you were just come
from Flanders and drank the Duke of York’s Health in a Beer-glass of
Claret, and would not let Mr. Adams drink, unless he nam’d the Health.

Cel.

Indeed my Lord that was ill done, for there was not a drop of Claret.

L.C.

But you drank the Duke’s Health.

Cel.

Pray my Lord what crime is it?

L.C.

It is none.

Cel.

Then I hope there’s no Punishment.

L.C.

Here is nothing to be done with her, call Mr. Adams.

He was called in, and his Wise Depositions read.

Cel.

My Lord, of all this fine Story there is nothing true, but that I
was at the Tavern, but it was three weeks before the time mentioned,
and I did Pledge the DDuke’s Health, and say, I believed there was a Plot
among the Presbyterians, to play their old Game over again, but I hoped
God would bless the King and his Royal Brother, and that their Affairs
would go well, and God would destroy their Enemies, and send quiet Times.

Adams.

She did say she had been beyond Sea, and Mr. Petly will
swear she said she had been in Flanders.

Cel.

If I did say so, I lyed.

L. Presid.

If you Lyed then, how shall we know you tell Truth now?

Cel.

My Lord, there is a great deal of difference between what I say at
a Tavern, to a Man of his Understanding, and what I say here, where
every Word ought to be equal to an Oath.

Adams.

Your bawdy Story I left out of the Depositions, I was asham’d
to speak it.

The King.

What, can she speak Bawdy too?

Adams.

Yes, indeed she did.

L.C.

I, she’s fit for any thing.

Cel.

My Lord, I never spoke an immodest word in my Life. Mr. Adams
though you strive to take away my Life, do not take away my Honour;
What did I say?

King.

What did she say? come tell us the Story.

Adams.

She said――She said――that――She said――That
if she did not lose her Hands, she could get Mony as long as――

King.

As long as what? out with it.

Adams made as if he were asham’d, and could not speak such a word.

Cel.

I said, if I did not lose my Hands, I should get Mony as long
as Men kissed their Wives.

Adams.

By the Oath I have taken she said their Mistresses too.

Cel.

Did I so, pray what else do they keep them for?

L. Chan.

That was but witty.

King.

’Twas but natural to her Practice.

Cel.

Mr. Adams I am sorry for your Ignorance,――;I beseech your Majesty
let me be inlarged.

L. Chan.

You are an obstinate Woman, and will tell us nothing we
ask you.

Cel.

My Lord, I tell Truth to all you ask.

L. Chan. H2r 29

L.C.

Here’s no body believes you, you will trifle away your Life.

Cel.

My Lord, I will not belye my self nor others to save it, but I will
assure your Lordships, never man that came before you, feared Death, nor
valued Life less than I do.

L.C.

I, she’s fit for them, Withdraw, Withdraw.

After that I was fetcht up once or twice again, but do not remember for
what;――;Then they let me alone till the 9th of January, and then Captain
Richardson
went up with me, and by the way told me, That if now
I would make an ingenious Confession I might be inlarged, and the Truth
found out: I answered, I knew nothing of all they asked me, nor ever anwered
any thing but the Truth, they do not look for Treason in the right
place, but when they do, they may find enough.

Capt. Richardson.

But if you know any thing you are bound to tell
it.

Cel.

I am only obliged to answer Truth to such questions as I am asked,
and the Lord Chancellor told me he would not believe a word I said, and I
do not believe a word of the whole Plot further than that the Presbyterians
are playing over their old Game again.

Capt. Richardson.

Well I see it is impossible to perswade you to
Reason.

Cel.

I never yet could see a Reason for lying.

When I came before the Council they spoke not a word of the old matter,
but questioned me concerning Sir Robert Peyton then present; I told the
Truth, as I would have done long before if they asked it; and desired
Pen, Ink and Paper to recollect my Memory, and to see my Husband before
a Keeper, which the King said was but reasonable, and bid make an
Order for it, which was done, yet the Keeper would never let me see him in
11 or 12 weeks that I was confined after that, but one quarter of an hour;
Yet to give him his due, he was as civil (to me, as the strictness of my confinement
would admit of,) and his Wife also, all the time I was in their
own House.

January 11th. I sent in my Depositions, being all I then could remember,
but they would not let me have Paper to take a Copy of them, but Truth
can never be forgotten.

January 15, 16, or 17th. I was brought before a Committee of Lords,
and they asked me many Trepanning Questions to insnare me.

Then Mr. Gadbury was called in, and his Depostions read, to which
I only answered.

Cel.

Mr. Gadbury I remember nothing of all this, but I confess I am
the unfortunate cause of your Trouble, and if by ruining me you can ease your
self, I give you free leave.

Then a Lord told me there was Treason sworn against me, but I
might yet save my self if I would, for they did not Thirst for my Blood.

Cel.

I am glad to hear your Lordship say so, for I am so simple I judge
by appearances, which are quite otherwise.

Then Dangerfield was called in, and asked if I did not set him on to
make a Mutiny at the Rainbow Coffee-House.

Dangerfield.

My Lord, I cannot say she set me on.

Cel.

Was not I angry with you for it, and bid you be gone out of my
House? and caused you to be removed up into the Garret.

Dang. H2v 30

Dangerfield.

No, that was afterwards.

Cel.

But it was for that Cause.

A Lord.

Do you know any thing of a walk that was upon TowerWharf?
tell us the Truth for you are upon your Oath.

Cel.

I have often walked upon it, for I lived thereby.

A Lord.

We mean a walk with the Lord Chief Justice, and offering
Ten Thousand Pounds concerning Sir George Wakeman, tell us the
Truth, for the Countess of Powis has told us all.

Cel.

Yes, my Lord, I read it in a Pamphlet.

Dangerfield.

I do believe it was in a Pamphlet.

Cel.

There was two, and you brought them both to me.

A Lord.

Do you remember any more concerning Sir Robert Peyton?

Cel.

Nothing that is fit to tell at this time.

A Lord.

She will not tell the Kings Privy Council what she knows.

Cel.

Not at this time,――;

at which Answer they were very angry, and
asked me some snaring Questions concerning my self, but I have forgot
what it was; yet remember that I answered thus.

Cel.

My Lord, I am not obliged to Answer that Question; your Lordships
are none of my Judges, I appeal to my equal Judges, Twelve Commons
of England in a Court of Judicature, let them that desire my life, assault it
there, and though I cannot defend it like a man, yet I will not part with it
in complement to your Lordships, and I desire to be tryed as soon as may be.

A Lord.

Your Tryal will come soon enough, you will be put to
death.

Cel.

Blessed be God, then I hope the Play is near an end, for Tragedies
whether real or fictious, seldom end before the Women die.

A Lord.

What do you make a Play of it?

Cel.

If there be no more Truth in the whole Story, then there is in what
relates to me, every Play that is Acted has more Truth in it.

A Lord.

You talk very peremptorily.

Cel.

My Lord, I thank God Death is no terror to me, and she that
fears not to die, cannot fear to speak Truth.

A Lord.

Withdraw, withdraw, Mrs. Cellier.

Cel.

Before I go, I will tell you something of Sir Robert Peyton;
he told me, that though the Earl of Shaftsbury was out of the Council, yet
his power was as great as ever, for he had a strong Party there, and he
knew all Transactions as soon as the Council rose, for he had a Nephew
there, and there was a person always ready at his House, to run away with
Intelligence of what passed at Council to the Earl of Shaftsbury.

A Lord said that was very like, how else should the Examinations
taken there come to the Press so soon? some of Mr. Gadburies that
were taken but a day or two before, lying there in Print upon the
Table.

Then one of the Lords seeming to wonder his Lordships Nephew
was not there, commanded me to withdraw.

Both in January and February, I sent in the following Petition, but
could not possibly get it read, though I sent 5 or 6, and in the whole time
of my Confinement, my Husband carried near 20, but they were still supprest.

The I1r 31

“To the Kings most Excellent Majesty, and the Right Honourable
the Lords of his Majesties Privy Counsel.
The Humble Petition of Elizabeth Cellier close Prisoner in Newgate,
Sheweth,
That Your Petitioner hath been thirteen Weeks close confin’d, and she
having had the management of her Husband’s Estate, with that of two
Fatherless Children; The most considerable Estate of which depends upon
Process of Law, and is to be try’d this next Term, and they are wholly Ignorant
of their Affairs.
Wherefore your Petitioner doth most humbly Pray and Beseech your Majesty
and the Honourable the Lords of the Counsel, that she may be Inlarged, or
permitted to speak to her Husband and Children before a Keeper, to advise
them how to proceed in their Suit, and thereby prevent their ruine.
And your Petitioner shall pray.”

My Husband put in several Petitions to the same effect, but could get no
Answer, insomuch that he was forc’d to release Seven Hundred and odd Pounds
for Sixty one
; A good Part of which Mony lay in Court of Chancery, and
the Master of the Rolls had made A decretal Order for us, but the Defendant
petitioning for another hearing, my Husband and Children not being permitted
to speak with me, knew not which way to defend themselves.

There I lay close confin’d, till the first of April, though my Husband daily
sollicited for my enlargement. But about that time, (being dangerously sick)
I was allow’d the Liberty of the Press-Yard.

Sometime in February, I was brought again before a Committee of Councel.

A Lord.

Mrs. Cellier, do you know one Mr. Pen, a Quaker?

Cel.

I never see him but once.

Lord.

Did you not write to him, and give him thanks for making so good
use of the Paper you sent him?

Cel.

Yes, My Lord, I did so.

Lord.

Do you use to write to Men you know not?

Cel.

If your Lordships please to have Patience, I will tell you the occasion of it.

About the beginning of May last, 6 Copies of a Paper call’d the Danby Reflections
were left at my House, by an unknown Person, with a Note, desiring me to
put them into understanding mens hands.

I went to Fox Hall, and made a strict Inquistition into the matter, and found
by the affirmation of many Persons, that that part of the Story was very true,
and I thought I had no other reason to doubt the Truth of the rest, and having heard
Mr. Pen plead in the Cause of New Jersey, at Sir John Churchil’s chamber,
before the Duke’s Commissioners, and observ’d that he was a man of a great deal
of Reason, I thought I could not better comply with the desire of the Author, than
to send him one.

Lord.

What made you so earnest to speak with him?

Cel.

I heard it abroad by the name of Pen’s Paper, and found it spread much.

Lord.

What had you to say to him?

Cel.

Something relating to the same matter, I suppose, but I have forgot what,
for it is 9 or 10 months ago.

Lord.

What did you with the rest?

Cel.

I gave one to my Lady Powis, another to Mr. Henry Nevil. I sent one I into I1v 32 into France, another into Flanders, and got the other coppied, and sent as many as
I could get to my Friends and Acquaintance.

Lord.

You have been very zealous for the Cause.

Cel.

My Lord, It is good to be diligent in all that one undertakes.

Which answer was the last I had opportunity to make to any in Authority
until my Arraignment, which (in confidence of my own Innocence) I continually
prest for.

Not but that I knew the danger, as to this Life, of encountring the Devil
in the worst of his Instruments, which are Perjvrers Incovraged
to that degree as that profligated Wretch was, and has been since his being
exposed to the World in his true colours both at mine, and at anothers Tryal.

But the Sence that all I had done, or endeavoured to do, was prompted by
a Disinterested Loyalty to the King, and Charity to Innocence opprest, without
the least mixture of Mallice to any Creature breathing, Made me with hopes
expect the worst those Devils incarnate could do unto me.

And if any thing in the World could give a probable Light where the true
Plot is manag’d, mine, and my accusers Cases would do it.

For Singly and Alone, without the Advice or Assistance of any Catholick
breathing Man or Woman, I was left to study, manage, and support my self in
all my troubles to my Expence and Loss much above a thousand Pounds, never
receiving one penny towards it, directly or indirectly, but ten pounds given
me by the hands of a condemn’d Priest, five days before my Tryal: nor have
I since received any thing towards my Losses, or the least civility from any
of them.

Whilst Dangerfield (when made a Prisoner for apparent Recorded Rogueries)
was visted by and from Persons of considerable Quality, with great Sums
of Gold and Silver, to encourage him in the new Villanies he had undertaken,
not against Me alone, but Persons in whose Safety all good Men (as well Protestants
as others
) in the three Kingdoms are concern’d.

For I hope no reasonable man can believe me so vain, as to think my Life
or Fame worth the consideration of an Industrious Faction.

Thus have I laid open the Truth of my Case, to be believed or not believed,
as Reason, Sence, and Probability shall guide Men.

And as to my own Sex, I hope they will pardon the Errors of my Story, as
well as those bold Attempts of mine that occasion’d it, since in what I meddled
with, as to Sir Robert Peyton and others (that are yet among them
undiscovered like Husbai, and I hope will have as good success to confound
the crafty Contrivances of all the old Achitophels, and the Headstrong Ambitious
Practices of young Absalom
) though it may be thought too Masculine,
yet was it the effects of my Loyal (more than Religious) Zeal to gain Proselites
to his Service.

And in all my defence, none can truly say but that I preserv’d the Modesty,
though not the Timorousness common to my Sex. And I believe there
is none, but had they been in my Station, would, to their power, have acted
like me; for it is more our business than mens to fear, and consequently to
prevent the Tumults and Troubles Factions tend to, since we by nature are
hindered from sharing any part but the Frights and Disturbances of them.
Which that God will long preserve these three Kingdoms from, is the daily
Prayers of

Elizabeth Cellier.

AN
I2r 33

An
Abstract of the
Tryal
of

Elizabeth Cellier.

Upon the 1680-04-3030th of April (80.) I was Arraigned at the Kings-Bench Bar, before
the Lord Chief Justice Scroggs, for High-Treason.

Cl. of the Crown.

What sayst thou Eliz.Elizabeth Cellier, art thou Guilty, or not Guilty?

Cel.

Not Guilty.

C.C.

Culprit. how wilt Thou be Tryed?

Cel.

By God and my Country.

C.C.

God send thee a good Deliverance.

Cel.

My Lord, I am safe in my own Innocence, (as far as Innocency can make
any person safe,)
but since the most Innocent may be sworn out of their lives, I desire
time to send for my Witnesses, some of which live very far off.

L.C. Just.

How long time will you have? till next Term?

Cel.

No my Lord, I desire but a fortnight;

which was Granted, and I remanded
back to Prison, that day I sent the following Petition to the Attorney General.

“To the Honourable Sir Creswell Levins, his Majesties
Attorney General
The Humble Petition of Elizabeth Cellier. Sheweth, That your Petitioner is to have her Tryal at the Bar of His Majesties
Court of Kings-Bench, for High Treason, the 14 of this Instant May.
Your Petitioner Humbly beseeches, that you will please to let her know, or otherwise
to order the Clerk of the Crown to give her to understand, whether she is
Indicted at Common Law, or upon any Statute, and what Statute, and
that she may likewise have a Copy of Mr. Dangerfields last Pardon from
his Majesty; as also Subpœna’s for her Witnesses, That she may be some
wayes enabled to make her Defence.
And your Petitioner shall Pray,
Eliz.Elizabeth Cellier.”

I2v 3234

Mr. Attorney answered, that I was Indicted upon the Statute of the 25 of
Edward III. and might have as many Subpœna’s as I would at the Crown-Office;
But he knew nothing of Dangerfield’s Pardon.

Then I petitioned the Lord Chancellor for a Copy of the Pardon, and his
Lordship was pleased to Grant it.

May the 14. I was again brought to the Bar in Order to my Tryal, but
Mr. Gadbury being Sick, (of which Oath was made by a learned Physitian that
had Visited him) the Kings Council desired to put off the Tryal, but I prayed
to be Tryed
then, or some day that Term; And said, That I would bring my
self thither, the last day of the Term, and hoped that according to the Law, I
should be Tryed or Discharged
.

L.C.J.

That will do you little good, for there is a Proviso in the Act, “if
the Kings Witnesses be not sick”
.

Cel.

My Lord what if they will never be well?

L.C.J.

You shall be Tryed the next Term, it is but a little while to it.

Cel.

My Lord, my Husband will think it a great while;

at which the Court
laugh’d.

Cel.

My Lord, he hath a great cause to think it long for he is already a Thousand
pounds
the worse for my Imprisonment; I have lain two and twenty weeks
close confin’d, During which time my Husband put in near 20 Petitions before the
Lords of the Council, to speak with me before a Keeper; but they were all rejected:
and he had then a suit in Chancery to a considerable value, which had been
heard before the Master of the Rolls, and he had made a Decretal Order for us, and a good part of the Money lay in the Court of Chancery, but my Adversary
taking Advantage of my confinement, Petitioned for another Hearing; and my
Husband not knowing how to defend the Cause, was forced to discharge seven hundred
and odd pounds
, for sixty one, because he could not be permitted to speak
with me.

L.C.J.

You arraign the Councel.

Cel.

No, my Lord it is not to Arraign them, but to make it known how I have
been used, and pray redress.

Serj Maynard.

Why could not your Husband follow his Law-Suit without
you?

Cel.

Because he is a Stranger, and does not understand the Law.

Serj. Maynard.

Then you do Gentlewoman.

Cel.

No Sir, but I have got enough to make a Country Justice, and pray that I
may be tryed, And if I be Guilty, punished; and if Innocent, acquitted. And
that my Husband and Children may not suffer as they do by my Imprisonment.

L.C.J.

You shall be tryed the first day of the next Term, and it is in compassion
to you that we appoint that day.

Cel.

My Lord shall I be discharged, if I be not Tryed then?

L.C.J.

You shall.

Cel.

My Lord the Laws I am to be Tryed by, have sufficiently compensated
their denying me other Councel, by allowing me you my Lords that are my Judges, for
Councellors, and I will depend upon your Faithful advice with confidence, and humbly
pray fair play for my life.

Judges.

You shall have fair play.

Cel.

I thank your Lordships.

L.C.J.

Keeper of Newgate, take her back, and use her with respect.

1680-06-11June the 11th. (80) I was again brought to the Bar, and the Indictment read K1r 35 read, and the effect of it was for consulting, and expending Money for carrying
on the Plot to kill the King, raise War in the Realm, and introduce
Popery, and for endeavouring to cast the Plot upon others, and for imploying
Dangerfield to kill the King, and upbraiding him for losing an Opportunity,
&c.

Cel.

My Lord, for saving the time of the Court, I pray that no Gentleman that
has been on any of the former Juries, and found the Indictment against any of
them that lately had the like accusation, may be sworn against me (And in regard
a great part of my Charge is for endeavouring to throw the Popish Plot
upon the Presbyterians)
therefore I except against all those that had not lately
taken the Sacrament, as Persons that cannot be indifferent.

L.C.J.

Mrs. Cellier, this cannot be allow’d, you must make your exceptions.

Cel.

My Lord, the Jury ought to be chose out of the unconcern’d Neighbourhood,
and every Dissenter from the Church of England is a party against whom the
Fact is said to be committed, therefore none but Church of England men ought to
be of my Jury.

L.C.J.

Mrs. Cellier, make your exceptions.

Which I did, and excepted against
several that had been on the former Juries, yet admitted of Sir Philip
Matthews
, and others, telling them they looked like honest men, and I believ’d
they would do me no wrong.

The Jury are as follows.

  • Sir Philip Matthews, Baronet.
  • Sir John Munster.
  • Thomas Harriot, Esq.
  • John Foster, Esq.
  • Richard Cheney, Esq.
  • Edward Draper, Esq.
  • INTERNAL ERROR. Please report to wwp@neu.edu that cb is unmatched.
  • Edward Wilford, Esq.
  • John Roberts, Esq.
  • Hugh Squire, Esq.
  • Thomas Eaglefield, Esq.
  • George Read, Esq.
  • Richard Parrot, Esq.

The Jury being sworn, the Kings Councel called the Witnesses, and first
Mr. Gadbury, who attested he knew not a tittle of the Plot one way or
other, except what he heard by Common Report, and read in the Prints, nor
of any design I had against the Life of the King; but acknowledges that he
was Privy to, and active in bringing over Sir Robert Peyton to the Kings interest,
(at the said Sir Robert’s request) and to bring Sir Robert to kiss his
Royal-Highness’s hand by my means; and said, That I did always express my
self with all Duty and Loyalty; and that I told him I had carried the names of
four Gentlemen. Sir Roberts Friends to the Duke, in hopes that if they were
put into Commission of the Peace, it might conduce much to the breaking
the measures of the Factious. And Mr. Gadbury further Declared that one
Smith formerly a School-master at Islington, and another Gentleman with him
came to him, and desired his Advice about going to the Lords in the Tower,
pretending he could declare strange things against Mr. Oats, which might
prove advantagious to them.

In order to Indicting him for Perjury, which he said I was forward to promote,
and said, that I did not care if I were at Ten Pounds Charge to have it
effected, but he said he refus’d to advise Mr. Smith to concern himself either
with Mr. Oats, or the Lords.

He further aver’d, that I told him I heard Dangerfield talk of a Non-conformistK mist K1v 36
Plot
, and how he frequented their Clubs; and had so far insinuated into
the favour of some of them, that he was promised a Commission among them,
and that several Commissions were given out already. After that, Mr. Gadbury
being interrogated by the Attorny General, to several passages signified
in an Attestation which he himself had drawn up for the Privy Council, which
seemed more to affect me than any thing he had hitherto said, shewing the
same unto him, which when he had perus’d, he did own to be his hand-writing;
and said, That what was contained therein was true, but when he wrote
the same, he confessed that he raked up all that ever he could against me, aggravating
every Circumstance to the utmost, and that by that reason when he
was in Prison, some person or persons whom he did not name to avoid reflections,
Threatned him with Hanging, &c. And that they told him two Witnesses
had sworn Treason positively against him, and that I now accus’d him,
and made a third; and he knowing I must swear false, as the rest had done, and
being Menac’d as before, Drew up the said Accusation against me, aggravating
the several expressions therein, in hopes thereby to lessen my Evidence against
him, and thereby to save himself.

Then he was again interrogated, whether I did not tell him I hoped to see
Westminster Abby full of Benedictine Monks, and the Temple with Fryers; he
answered, That his sufferings had very much weakned his Memory, but as far
as he remembred, I did not speak of any hope, but believes it was thus, “What if
you should see Westminster Abby filled with Monks again?”
and that this was in
ordinary Discourse as they pass’d through the Abby together; And that he
looked upon those Words to be no way maliciously spoken, nor regarded it
further than common Discourse.

Serjeant Maynard.

What religion are you of?

Gadbury.

A Protestant according to the Church of England.

Serj. Maynard.

Such Protestants do more harm than Papists.

Gad.

Sir, I am neither Papist nor Presbyterian, nor was I any of the Tribe of
Forty One
.

Then he went on with his Evidence, saying, That when the King was Sick
at Windsor, I asked him whether he thought his Majesty would live or dye,
supposing as he thought that he might have taken some notice of the effect by
observing the beginning of the Distemper; but says, That I did not desire him
to erect a Scheme for that purpose, nor to Calculate the Kings Nativity, and
that he believes I had talked at this rate five or six times, always expressing great
fears of his Majesties Death, and the Troubles that may thereupon arise through
the restless Malice of the turbulent Factious Party
, and that he with as great
Trouble told me, he durst not presume to Judge of such and so weighty an
Affair as that was.

But that he remembers he Calculated a persons Nativity for me, to know
whether he would be just to me in gathering in such Debts as were due to
my Husband who was a French Merchant; And that from thence he caution’d
me to beware of him, but that he knew not the said person was Dangerfield,
till he came before the Counsel, bringing onely the time and Place of his
Birth, without making any mention of his Name, but that the said Dangerfield
thence took occasion to swear him into the acquaintance of the Countess of
Powis, and several Honourable Lords, whose Faces he never saw.

This was the substance of Mr. Gadbury’s Evidence.

L.C.J.

Brother you are mistaken in your Evidence.

Att. K2r 37

Att. Gen.

We are in this, but I hope we shall not be mistaken in others.

Then Dangerfield was call’d in.

Cel.

My Lord, I except against his Evidence, as a person that has not the
Qualifications the Law requires in Witnesses of Treason, and I pray that I may
be heard to prove it, and that the Court will protect my Witnesses from his Insolence,
for the last time I stood here in order to my Tryal, he struck one of them here
in presence of his Majesty, in the Face of the Court, and threatned to kill others;
if they appear’d again.

L.C.J.

Have you Witnesses of this?

Cel.

Yes my Lord, I will offer nothing to the Court, but what I will prove by
Witnesses and Records. And to do this, I have taken of a few of the Records
of his many Crimes
, and but a few, because I would not be chargeable to my Husband,
or troublesome to the Court. I have but Thirteen.

Judge.

A pretty Company.

L.C.J.

Go on then.

Cel.

Call Mr. Pearson.

He appear’d. I pray’d he might be sworn.

L.C.J.

That may not be against the King.

Cel.

My Lord it is not against the King, for the King is as much concern’d to
preserve me if I be Innocent, as to punish me if I am Guilty.

And by the Statute of the Fourth of King James, it is ordered that persons accus’d
shall have Witnesses produc’d upon Oath, for his better Clearing and Justification.
And the Lord Cook says, That he never read in any Act of Parliament,
Author, Book, Case, nor Ancient Record, that in criminal Cases, the Party accus’d
should not have sworn Witnesses: And therefore there is not a spark of Law against
it
. And the Lord Cook dyed but lately; and if there was no Law against
it then
, I desire to know by what Law it is now denyed me; for the common
Law cannot be altered.
And, I pray your Lordships, being of Counsel for
me, that you will not suffer any thing to be urged against me contrary to Law,
but that my Witnesses may be sworn, or Counsel assign’d me; to that Point of
Law.

A Judge.

What would you have Counsel for? This does not affect you
yet. Go on.

Cel.

Mr. Pearson, pray tell the Court how Dangerfield us’d you the last time
I was here.

Pearson.

I stood in the Hall, and he came and asked me how I durst Subpœna
any man and not tell him for what, and struck me on the Arm.

Judge.

Did he so?

Cel.

Call Mr. Barrard:

He appear’d, and testified the same.

Cel.

My Lord, Witnesses for Treason ought to be Honest, Sufficient, Lawful,
and Credible
; and I will prove he hath been Burnt in the Hand, Whip’d,
Transported, Pillorie’d, Out-law’d for Felony, Fin’d for Cheating, and suffer’d
publick Infamy for many other notorious Crimes.

Mr. Clements, bring the London Record.

He produc’d it.

Judge.

Can you swear this is a true Copy.

Clem.

Yes my Lord, I examin’d it.

Then he was sworn, and the Clark
read the Record, which shew’d, That in the 25th. Year of his Majestie’s Reign
he was Convict of Felony at the Old Baily, for stealing a Tortoice-shell Cabinet,
and ten pieces of old Gold, out of the House of Robert Blagrave, and
being asked what he had to say for himself, that Judgment should not pass
upon him, according to Law? He said he was a Clark, and desir’d the benefitfit K2v 38
of the Book, which was granted; and he read, and was (according to
Law) Burnt in the Hand.

A Judge.

Can you prove he is the man?

Cel.

Call Mr. Ralph Briscow.

He appeared, and testified that he was the
Man, and he saw him Burnt in the Hand.

Cel.

Call Captain Richarson.

He appeared, and testified the same. Then
Dangerfield offer’d to go away. One of the Judges call’d to him, and ask’d
him whither he went? a Lawyer answer’d, to fetch his Pardon, for he was
come without it.

LCJ.

Make hast then.

Then there arose a Question among the Judges, whether Felony was sufficient
to take away his Evidence, his Clergy having restor’d him? And an
excellent Discourse pass’d amongst them upon that Subject, but I cannot remember
the particulars so well as to insert it here. One of the King’s Counsel
alledged that he was made a good Witness by his Pardon.

Cel.

My Lord, He is not Pardon’d Fellonies, Burglaries, nor Forgeries;
And I will prove him convict of all these; and the King cannot give An Act of
Grace
to one Subject, to the prejudice of another, as this Pardon will be to me,
if this prodigious Villain be thereby made a good Witness to take away my Life;
Nor doth his Pardon include his Crimes.

Then I produc’d a Copy of his Pardon,
but remembering I was not oblig’d to believe that he had a Pardon, till he himself
had produc’d it, I call’d for it back again, then the Court went off the Cause, and
heard motions, but Dangerfield staying long, they began to examine Witnesses on
his behalf.

First, Thomas Williamson was call’d. Who said he knew nothing of my
treating with Dangerfield, nor ever saw us together, but that he was
imploy’d in businesses of Charity by me, to get Prisoners out, and Dangerfield
among the rest.

Mr. Scarlet was call’d, and said he turn’d him over to the Bench, and I paid
for his Habeas Corpus.

Bennet Duddle was call’d.

He attested, that he had often seen Dangerfield and I together in the
Gallery at Powis-House, and had seen us write, but he knew not what.

William Woodman was call’d.

And said, he had carried Letters for me to the Tower and else-where, but
none for Dangerfield.

An Blake was call’d.

Who attested, that I sent her to Dangerfield in New-gate, and that he cry’d
and pray’d her to speak to me to send him six Pounds, and that she return’d
to him and told him I would send him none. Then Dangerfield told her he had
been rack’d
and expected worse usage that night, and that she should be
forc’d to turn Rogue, and ruin us all.

And that if he did not turn Rogue he should be hang’d, And that I bid her
hide the Papers, saying they were Dangerfields, and might do him good, and
she put them into the Meal-Tub.

Then Margaret Jenkins was call’d.

And said, she saw Dangerfield in New-gate, in Irons, very poor, that he told
her he had eaten nothing in two dayes
, that she carried him half a Crown, and
another time five Shillings; and after that, Mony to pay his Fees; and that
she saw him in the Bench.

Att. L1r 39

Att. Gen.

Did you not carry Letters between them?

Margaret.

Yes, but knew not what was in them.

Att. Gen.

Did you not carry two Vials of Opium to him?

Mar.

I carri’d 2 Vials which he sent for, but I know not what was in them.

L.C.J.

Who sent for them?

Mar.

Dangerfield sent a Note for them to Mr. Blasedal, and when I brought
them to him he tasted of them, and set them up in his room.

Judge.

Who tasted of them?

Mar.

Dangerfield did.

Att. Gen.

Did you ever see Mrs. Cellier in the Bench with him?

Mar.

No, I never did.

Att. Gen.

Did you ever see them together at Powis-House?

Mar.

Yes, once at Dinner, and once at Supper.

L.C.J.

Was any body with them?

Mar.

Yes, once her Husband, and the other time three Gentlewomen.

Att. Gen.

What do you know concerning Stroud?

Mar.

She bid me tell Dangerfield that he must get acquainted with Stroud;
I tould him so, and he reply’d, that was done already, for he had been acquainted
with Stroud a long time, and they us’d to go a robbing together. And he told
me that he fear’d neither Fire, Sword, nor Hell, and he car’d not what he
said, nor swore, for he had studied to be a Rogue ever since he was Ten Years old.

L.C.J.

You will make a special Witness of him by and by.

Then the Attorney General would not let her speak any more, but call’d
Susan Edwards.

Att. Gen.

What do you know against the Prisoner at the Bar?

Edwards.

I carried two Notes from her to Mr. Dangerfield in New-gate,
and two Books of Accompts, and a Guiney, and 20 s.shilling in Silver, and she bid
me tell him, now was the time that her Life lay in his hands.

Serj. Maynard.

Did you not carry her a Letter from him?

Susan.

Yes.

Att. Gen.

What was in it?

Susan.

I know not, for I cannot read written-hand; but he told me he must
turn Rogue and ruine all the Sect
.

Judge.

What Sect?

Susan.

I know not what Sect, but he said, if he did not turn Rogue, he should
be Hang’d
.

Ser. Main.

But she bid you tell him her Life lay in his hands.

Cel.

And yours too Sir, if he turn Rogue, and be believ’d as others have
been of late.
But she’s no Witness, for she robb’d me, and the very Heathens
would not allow false Servants to swear against their Masters.

Cel.

By the Oath you have taken, Where had you the Cloaths you wear?

Susan.

Of my Father, they are none of yours, I never see you have but two
Suits at at time.

Cel.

Did you ever see any thing Dishonourable by me?

Susan.

Yes, He went into your Chamber one Sunday Morning.

L.C.J.

Was her Husband there?

Sus.

No, He was gone to Church.

L.C.J.

He were best take care how he goes to Church.

Cel.

My Lord, I appeal to your Conscience, as you sit there, whether you think any
thing but Innocence durst ask that Question; And to prove it is so, there is a Women
has served me 26 Years, be pleased to examine her.

A Lawyer within the Bar, said, “To me it is a plain proof of her Innocence as to
that point.”
Serj.Serjeant Maynard then made some malicious reflections thereupon.

Cel.

Pray Sir, is that Treason by the Statute of the 25. of Edward III. It is not
in this Innocent Age.

L Susan. L1v 40

Susan,

She said she doubted not, but the Plot would turn to a Presbyterian
one
; and I heard Dangerfield say so too; and that he would make it his Interest
to find it out; and she said, if he did, she should see him keep his Coach
and Six Horses, and then he should marry her Daughter.

L.C.J.

What would he have Mother and Daughter too?

Susan then prated very impertinently.

Judge.

Will that Impudent Wench never have done prating? Turn her out.

Then she went and stood among the Clerks, Prating, and behaving her
self impudently, till they scoft at her, and thrust her out of Court.

Then the Lord Chief Justice made an excellent Speech, of what sad Consequence
it would be to admit such profligated Wretches to give Evidence;
and that the three Kingdoms might have cause to rue such a days work, and
that it would be an in-let to the greatest Villanies, to destroy our Lives, Liberties
and Estates, with much more to the like purpose.

Judge.

This Fellow will come no more.

L.C.J.

Call him, shall we stay all day?

Cryer.

Dangerfield, Dangerfield, Dangerfield, &c.

After he had been called five or six times, the Lord Chief Justice commanded
a Tip-staff to go into the Hall and look for him: Which he did, and after
a long time Dangerfield came with a Black-Box, at which the Court laughed,
saying “here comes the Black-Box, here comes the Black-Box.”

L.C.J.

You have been long in going to the Temple.

Dang.

I went to the Exchange; Here is my Pardon.

It was observ’d that his Hands did so shake and tremble, that he could not
open the Box.

Cel.

My Lord, he is not Pardon’d Fellony, Burglay, Perjury, nor
Forgery: And I will prove him notoriously Guilty of all these.

The Clerk read his Pardon, and all these Crimes were omitted.

Cel.

My Lord, he is Convict of Fellony, and Out-lawed thereupon; Mr. Lane bring the Chelmsford Record: he produc’d and prov’d it.

The Clerk read it, which said he was Convict of Fellony and Burglary,
for breaking the House of Robert Tetterson, Shoe-maker of Windsmore Hill,
and taking thence a linnen bag worth a Penny, and Four Pounds Ten Shillings in
Mony; he broke Prison, and was Out-law’d thereupon.

Kings Counsel.

How do you know this is the Man?

Cel.

He is the Man, and I will prove it by the party that was Rob’d, and the
Constable out of whose hands he broke.

Call Robert Tetterson, and James Eaton.

The Cryer called, but they came not.

Cel.

My Lord, I fear he has Murther’d them, for Tetterson was here yesterday,
and told me, that Dangerfield threatned to kill him, if he appeared any
more, and said, That he went in danger of his Life.

L.C.J.

Call them again, look about the Hall for them, which they did.

Clements.

My Lord, I see Tetterson in Court this day.

Then the Cryer called them again, and a person was sent to the Houses
adjacent, to call them, but in vain.

Then the Kings Councel would not admit him to be the Man mentioned in
the Indictment, because it was there Tho.Thomas Dangerfield, Labourer, and the Pardon
was Tho.Thomas Dangerfield Gentleman.

Cel.

My Lord, if he be the person’d Pardoned, he is the person Out-law’d, for
both are Thomas Dangerfield of Waltham Abby.

Judge.

Is there any more Thomas Dangerfields there?

Dang. L2r 41

Dangerf.

Yes, my Father and a Cousin of mine, which uses to come there sometimes.

Kings Councel. Said I must prove him the man.

Lawyer within the Bar.

Brother trouble not the Court, for he is the Man.

L.C.J.

Come, I will not admit it could be your Father. Mrs. Celliers, have you a Record
of Perjury.

Cel.

My Lord, I have of Forgery.

Judge.

Have you one of his being Pillory’d?

Cel.

I have four, bring the Salisbury Records.

They were produced and proved, and one of them read, which said that in the Thirtieth
year of the King, he was Indicted at Sarum, for putting off a Gild Shilling for a
Guinney, to which Indictment he Pleaded Guilty, and was Condemned to stand in the
Pillory three hours next Market day, with a Paper on his forehead, signifying his Crime,
and after that to pay five Pounds to the King, and that he stood in the Pillory according
to Sentence.

Cel.

My Lord, I have 3 Records more to the same effect, to all which he Pleaded Guilty.

Judge.

No, it is enough.

After all this, Serj. Maynard and the Att.Attorney General would had him allowed a good witness,
saying all these Crimes are Pardoned under the Title of Offences and Transgressions.

Cel.

A Pardon cannot make him an honest Man, as all ought to be that are Witnesses in
Treason. Nor can the King give him an Act of Grace to my prejudice, as this Pardon will be,
if it make him a good Witness to take away my Life.

Mr. Langhorn desired that Mr. Reading
might be examined, and the Lord Chief Justice North denyed it, saying he had been in the
Pillory, and had his Testimony been allowed, I doubt not but Mr. Langhorn had beed alive.
“And shall this prodigous Wretch that has been burn’d in the Hand, Whipt, Pillory’d, Convict
of all manner of Crimes, and stands out-law’d for Fellony, be allow’d a good Witness to take away
my Life, and such a Gentleman as Mr. Reading be denyed to give Evidence to save, because
he had been on the Pillory for endeavering to do that which if he had done, it had not amounted
to one of those many Crimes this Villain Pleaded Guilty to. And I beseech the Court to consider,
That if such Witnesses be allowed, Liberty and Property are destroyed.”

Attor. General.

Mr. Reading was not Pardoned.

Cel.

He is not Pardoned neither, for he is Out-lawed for Fellony, which is not incerted in
his Pardon, and is otherwise notoriously infamous.

K. Council.

None but Villains are fit to be employed in such Designs.

L.C.J.

They are fit to be employed, but not fit to be believed, and we ought not to
hood-wink Justice for such a Stigmatiz’d, Whipt, Pillory’d, Burnt in the hand Fellow
as he notoriously appears to be.

Then Dangerfield submissively bowing; said “My Lord, this is enough to discourage
any one hereafter, from entring into good and honest Principles.”

L.C.J.

It will discourage Rogues from daring to appear before a Court of Justice.

Then his Lordship told him his own in very apt words, with a recapitulation of his
Crimes; saying, he did not, nor would not, fear nor spare such as he was.

Then Judge Dolben stood up, and said, That no man that had any spark of Grace or Civility,
would dare to appear before a Court of Justice, being guilty of such Crimes, and
that no man of common sence, would take away the life of a Worm upon such Evidence.

Then the Lord Chief Justice gave short directions to the Jury, telling them he knew
nothing they had to do, for that nothing material appeared against me.

And they unanimously cryed out, “Not Guilty.”

Clerk Crown.

Kneel down.

Cel.Cellier Kneeling, said “God preserve the King and his Royal Highness, and bless this Hounourable
Court.”

L.C.J.

Dang.Dangerfield have you any security for your Good behaviour to answer the Fellony.

But Dangerfield having none, the Lord Chief Justice said, “Take him away, take him
away, and secure him.”
Then was Dangerfield presently disarmed, who trembling, and
looking as if he had been just going to be Hang’d, Cryed out, “Whither must I go? whither
will you carry me?”
Then he shed Tears in the Court, and was by the Officers presently
conveyed to the Kings-Bench Prison with a numerous Train of Attendance, where
the Gentlemen Prisoners received him according to his Merit. But he not liking his entertainment,
desired to be locked up till the Marshal came home: and then for his better
security was sent to the Common-Side, where the Prisoners had like to have Pump’d him.

But L2v 42

But his Phanatick friends bringing him good store of Mony, both Gold and Silver, he
spent it very freely among them, so by that means escap’d that Storm, and there remained
in the custody of the Marshal, till he was brought to the Bar by order of Court,
and pleaded a general New-gate Pardon, in which his name was inserted, and so was
discharged, with good advice to leave off his former wicked courses, and take up some
imployment to live honestly, for his thread of Life was so fine spun, that he could expect
no more favour from any Court.

The tryal being over, the Gentlemen of the Jury sent for me up into the Room where
they Din’d, and told me, there was a Guiny a Man due to them, I Answer’d, “I had cost
my Husband a great deal of Mony arlaleady, much more than my Person was worth, and was
not willing to put him to any Charge I could avoid; And I hop’d they would consider my condition,
and not expect Mony from me.”
They reply’d if I had been cast, the King must
have paid them a Guiny a Man, upon which I promis’d if it were a due Debt I would
send it to Sir Philip Matthews on Munday, but finding it was not, I sent him this following
Letter.

“Honoured Sir.
I have considered your demand of a Guiny apeice to each Gentleman of
the Jury, and find that it is in no sort due. How great soever the ruin is I lie
under by the villany of my accuser, I would have made hard shift but I would
have paid what was justly due. But upon your second thoughts, I am assur’d you
will not forfeit your Spurs by oppressing the Distressed she, Your selves and the Laws
have preserv’d from a raging Dragon. Pray Sir accept of, and give my most humble
Service to your self, and all the Worthy Gentlemen of your Pannel, and Yours
and their several Ladies. And if you and They please, I will with no less fidelity
serve them in their Deliveries, then You have done me with Justice in mine,
and thereby preserv’d Liberty and Property, as much as, Honoured. Sir.
Your most Humble Servant, Elizabeth Cellier.”

Monday the 14th of June the Jury sent one Mr. Squire, a very civil and understanding
Gentleman, to demand the Guinies of me, we argued the Case a while, and he went
away very well satisfied.

On Tuesday morning another came, that was rough and inconsiderable; and among
other things he told me, that the D.Dutchess of B. gave them two Guinies a Man. I replyed, If
I had been a Dutchess, I would have given them five; But I was a poor Woman, and
had been much wrong’d, and to prevent further inconvenience, I would not injure my
Innocence, notr their Justice, so much as to give them any thing but my humble Thanks,
which I pray’d him to accept of, and give to them all. He went away in a great heat,
expressing his resentment in such Language as I will not spoil Paper with.

This is all I can call to mind, of what past at my seveeral Examinations, and Tryal,
and I hope the judicious Reader will pardon what is either forgot, or not well express’d
in consideration that I was forc’d to defend my Life, both against the Knights and the
Dragon, for in this unequal Combate there was no St. George to defend me against him,
but Sir C―― Sir J―― Sir R―― and Sir George also stood by my accuser, to manage his Malice
against me.

Yet I could not but pity those learned Gentlemen, (one of which would have been
infinitely too hard for all these together,) which have been accused in this accursed Plot,
that so many of them should come arm’d and arrayed against me, and be forc’d to blush
at the weakness of their Combatant.

But God, the Protector of Innocence, hath for this time delivered me from the
rage of that wicked Enemy, and his Fellow-plotters.

But how long either my self, or any other Loyal Subjects, shall be secure from the
like Conspiracy, God only knows.

“He sent from above, he drew me out of many Waters.
He delivered me from my strong Enemy, and from them which hated me, for they were too
strong for me.
They prevented me in the day of my Calamity, but the Lord is my stay.”
INTERNAL ERROR. Please report to wwp@neu.edu that regMe is unmatched.Ps. 18. 16,17,18.

Finished, 1680-07-02Fryday, July the 2d. By Elizabeth Cellier.

M1r 43

A Postscript to the Impartial Readers.

On Monday the 16th. of this Instant, the Sheet F was taken in the
Press, and my Self and the Printer brought by Messengers before
Mr. Secretary Jenkins, and he caus’d us to give Bonds and Security
to appear before the Lords of the Council, and in the mean time
not to print any further.

On Wednesday the 18th. I appear’d before their Lordships, and
testified the truth of what I had written, saying, “I publish’d it because I
would come again before their Lordships”
; and then did accuse Sir William
Waller
, Mansel, Dangerfield, and their Confederates, of High Treason,
for endeavouring to raise a Rebellion, and for conspiring against the
life of his Royal Highness.
And proffered to make good my Charge,
by the Testimony of persons of Honours, Persons of middle Quality,
and unspotted Reputation, and by some of their own Companions.
And their Lordships were pleased to promise that we should be
heard.

Thursday the 19th. According to their Lordships order, I came
to Mr. Guin, the Clerk then in waiting, to give security for my good
Behaviour, and to appear at the Kings-Bench Bar the first day of the
next Term, and though several good Hous-keepers proffer’d themselves,
he would accept of none but such as he himself knew; which, though it
was very difficult for me to obtain, I was forc’d to do it. After Security
given, he would not let me depart, till I had paid 3l.pound 2s.shilling 6.d.pence And
though I told him that two Justices
of the Peace expected me at that
hour, to go with them to take the Examination of a Person that then
lay sick
, and desired him to let me go, and I would send the Mony
to him, as soon as I came home. Yet he commanded Otterbury the
Messenger to take me into custody till I paid it; and I was forced
to stay till I sent home for Mony, and by these delays lost the
Opportunity of meeting the Gentlemen, and could not examine
the party that day; and the next he was taken Speechless, as he
still continues
. By this means I lost a most material Witness; Yet
doubt not to make good my Charge, if the rest may be
heard.

I hope the Readers have not forgotten, that after it had been
proved before the Lords of the Council, that Dangerfield stood
in the Pillory at Salisbury, Yet, upon his single Evidence, the
Countess of Powis, the Earl of Castlemain, and other persons
of considerable Quality, were Committed, and I was close ConfinedM fined M1v44 two and twenty weeks, and after that, Tryed for my Life,
June the 11th.

But though Treasonable Practices have been sworn against Dangerfield,
by Justice Foster, Justice Harvey, Mr. Thomas Hill, and my
self; Yet the Gentleman walks abroad undisturbed, and daily consults
with his Confederates, how to act new Villanies.

These things make me very sensible of the great Difficulties and
Discouragements I am like to meet with; But I hope the God of
Truth and Justice will protect me, and bring me through them all,
and pluck off the vails, and discover both Truth and Frauds barefaced.

And whensoever his Majesty pleases, to make it as Safe and Honourable
to speak Truth
, as it is apparent it hath been Gainful and Meritorious
to do the contrary, there will not want Witnesses to testifie
the truth of more than I have written, and Persons that are above
being made The Hangman’s Hounds for weekly Pentions, or any other
Considerations whatsoever.

And though I have been two and twenty Weeks confined, and two
and thirty Weeks a Prisoner, and my Charge and Losses much exceed
a Thousand Pounds, I do not yet so much fear the smell of Newgate,
as to be frighted for telling the Truth; nor is Death so great a
Terror to me, but that I am still ready to seal the same with my
Blood.

Elizabeth Cellier