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Queen Elizabeth I seated in Parliament surrounded by members of the House. Each group is identified by a letter, which is explained in the caption. The words The Chancellors Seat appear (in italics) on a seat in the upper center.

Queen Elizabeth in Parliament

  • A. L. Chancellor.
  • B. Marquiſes, Earles &c..
  • C. Barons.
  • D. Biſhops.
  • E. Judges.
  • F. Maſters of Chancery.
  • G. Clerks.
  • H. Speaker of Commons
  • I. Black Rod.
  • K. Sergeant at Armes.
  • L. Members of the Commons houſe.
  • M. S.rSir Francis Walsingham Secretary of State.


A Compleat
of the

Votes, Speeches and Debates,
both of the
House of Lords
House of Commons

Throughout the whole Reign of
Queen Elizabeth,
Of Glorious Memory.

Collected by that Eminent Member of Parliament;
Sir Simonds D’Ewes, Baronet.

By Paul Bowes, of the Middle-TempleEſq;

Printed for Jonathan Robinſon in St. Pauls Church-yard, Jacob Tonſon in
Chancery-lane, A. & J. Churchil in Pater-noſter-Row, and John Wyat in
St. Pauls Church-yard, 1693MDCXCIII.

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of all the

During the Reign of
Queen Elizabeth,

both of the
House of Lords
House of Commons.

Collected By
Sir Simonds D’Ewes of Stow-Hall in the County
of Suffolk, Knight and Baronet.

Reviſed and Publiſhed
By Paul Bowes, of the Middle-Temple
London, Eſq

Printed for John Starkey at the Mitre in Fleetſtreet near
Temple-Bar. 16821682.

excerptπ3v,A-Z4,Aa-Zz4,Aaa-Zzz4,Aaaa-Oooo4,Pppp1r; pp. vi-xvi,1-657 Pppp1v 658 excerpt96 lines

The greateſt part of this Forenoons Paſſage being thus tranſcribed out of the Original Book of the Houſe of Commons; now follows a queſtion only moved by the Speaker upon the riſing of this Houſe, as alſo his acceſs unto her Majeſty in the Afternoon with divers of the ſaid Houſe at Whitehall, touching Monopolies or Patents of Priviledge, out of the ſaid private Journal.

The Speaker asked the Houſe, What it was their pleaſures he ſhould deliver unto her Majeſty? and Sir Edward Hobbie ſtood up and ſaid, it was beſt he ſhould deviſe that himſelf, the whole Houſe would refer it to him, and all ſaid I, I, I.

In the Afternoon about three of the Clock, ſome ſevenſcore of the Houſe met at the great Chamber before the Council Chamber in Whitehall.

At length the Queen came into the Council Chamber where ſitting under the Cloth of State at the upper end, the Speaker with all the Company came in, and after three low reverences made he ſpake to this effect.

Most Sacred and moſt gracious Sovereign We your Faithful, Loyal and obedient Subjects and Commons here preſent, vouchſafed of your eſpecial goodneſs (to our unſpeakable comfort) acceſs to your ſacred preſence, do in all duty and humbleneſs come to preſent that which no words can expreſs, moſt humble and thankful acknowledgement of your moſt gracious Meſſage, and moſt bounden and humble thanks for your Majeſties moſt abundant goodneſs extended and Pppp2r 659 and performed to us. We cannot ſay, Moſt Gracious Soveraign, We have called and been heard, we have complained and have been helped; though in all duty and thankfulneſs we acknowledge, your Sacred Ears are ever open, and ever bowed down to hear us, and your bleſſed Hands ever ſtretched out to relieve us; We acknowledge, (Sacred Sovereign) in all duty and thankfulneſs we acknowledge, that before we call, your preventing Grace and All-deſerving Goodneſs doth watch over us for our good, more ready to give than we can deſire, much leſs deſerve. That Attribute which is moſt proper unto God, to perform all he promiſeth, appertaineth alſo unto you our Moſt Gracious Soveraign Queen, of all Truth, of all Conſtancy, of all Goodneſs, never wearied in doing good unto us (the Deeds themſelves do ſpeak) moſt careful to provide all good things for us, moſt gracious, moſt tender to remove all grievances from us, which all your Princely Actions have ever ſhewed, and even now your moſt gracious publiſhed Proclamation of your own only meer Motion and ſpecial Grace for the good of all your People doth witneſs to us. We come not, Sacred Sovereign, one of ten to render thanks, and the reſt to go away unthankful; but all of us, in all duty and thankfulneſs do throw down our ſelves at the Feet of your Majeſty, do praiſe God and bleſs your Majeſty. Neither do we preſent our thanks in words or any outward thing which can be no ſufficient retribution for ſo great goodneſs; but in all duty and thankfulneſs, proſtrate at your Feet, we preſent our moſt loyal and thankful hearts, even the laſt drop of Blood in our Hearts, and the laſt ſpirit of breath in our Noſtrills to be poured out, to be breathed up for your ſafety.

And after three low Reverences made he with the reſt kneeled down, and her Majeſty began thus to anſwer her Self, viz.

Mr Speaker, We have heard your Declaration and perceive your care of our State, by falling into the conſideration of a grateful acknowledgment of ſuch benefits as you have received; And that your coming is to preſent thanks unto us, which I accept with no leſs Joy than your Loves can have deſire to offer ſuch a Preſent. I do aſſure you, that there is no Prince that loveth his Subjects better, or whoſe Love can countervail our Love; There is no Jewel, be it of never ſo rich a prize, which I prefer before this Jewel, I mean your Love; for I do more eſteem it than any Treaſure or Riches: for that we know how to prize, but Love and Thanks I count ineſtimable. And though God hath raiſed me High, yet this I count the Glory of my Crown, that I have Reigned with your Loves. This makes me that I do not ſo much rejoice that God hath made me to be a Queen, as to be a Queen over ſo thankful a People. Therefore I have cauſe to wiſh nothing more than to content the Subject, and that is a duty which I owe. Neither do I deſire to live longer dayes, than that I may ſee your Proſperity, and that’s my only deſire. And as I am that Perſon that ſtill, yet under God, hath delivered you, ſo I truſt, by the Almighty Power of God, that I ſtill ſhall be his Inſtrument to preſerve you from Envy, Peril, Diſhonour, Shame, Tyranny and Oppreſſion, partly by means of your intended helps, which we take very acceptably, becauſe it manifeſteth the largeneſs of your Loves, and Loyalties unto your Sovereign. Of my ſelf I muſt ſay this, I never was any greedy, ſcraping Graſper, nor a ſtrait faſt-holding Prince, nor yet a Waſter; My heart was never ſet on Wordly Goods, but only for my Subjects good. What you do beſtow on me, I will not hoard it up, but receive it to beſtow on you again. Yea mine own properties I count yours to be expended for your good. Therefore render unto them from me I beſeech you, Mr Speaker, ſuch thanks as you imagine my Heart yieldeth, but my Tongue cannot expreſs.

Note that all this while they kneeled. Whereupon her Majeſty ſaid, Mr Speaker, I would wiſh you and the reſt to ſtand up, for I ſhall yet trouble you with longer Speech, ſo they all ſtood up and ſhe went on in her Speech, ſaying.

Mr. Speaker, You give me thanks, but I doubt me, I have more cauſe to thank you all than you me; And I charge you to thank them of the Houſe of Commons from me: for had I not received a knowledge from you, I might have fallen into the Lap of an Error, only for lack of true Information. Since I was Queen, yet did I never put my Pen to any Grant, but that upon pretext and ſemblance made unto me, that it was both good and beneficial to the Subjects in general, though a private profit to ſome of my antient Servants who had deſerved well: But the contrary being found by Experience, I am exceeding beholding to ſuch Subjects as would move the ſame at firſt. And I am not ſo ſimple to ſuppoſe, but that there be ſome of the Lower Houſe whom theſe grievances never touched; And for them I think they ſpeak out of Zeal to their Countries, and not out of Spleen or malevolent Affection, as being Parties grieved; and I take it exceeding grateful from them, becauſe it gives us to know that no reſpects or intereſſes had moved them, other than the minds they bear to ſuffer no diminution of our Honour, and our Subjects Love unto us. The Zeal of which Affection tending to eaſe my People and knit their Hearts unto me, I embrace with a Princely Care; far above all Earthly Treaſure I eſteem my Peoples Love, more than which I deſire not to merit. That my Grants ſhould be grievous to my People, and Oppreſſions to be Priviledged under colour of our Patents, our Kingly Dignity ſhall not ſuffer it; Yea, when I heard it I could give no reſt to my thoughts until I had reformed it. Shall they think to eſcape unpuniſhed, that Pppp2have Pppp2v 660 have thus oppreſſed you, and have been reſpectleſs of their duty, and regardleſs of our Honour? No. Mr Speaker, I aſſure you, were it not more for Conſcience ſake, than for any glory or encreaſe of Love, that I deſire theſe Errors, Troubles, Vexations and Oppreſſions done by theſe Varlets and lewd Perſons, not worthy the name of Subjects, ſhould not eſcape without condign puniſhment. But I perceive they dealt with me like Phyſicians, who miniſtring a Drug make it more acceptable by giving it a good Aromatical Savour, or when they give Pills do gild them all over. I have ever uſed to ſet the laſt Judgment day before mine Eyes, and ſo to Rule as I ſhall be judged to anſwer before a Higher Judge. To whoſe Judgment Seat I do Appeal, that never thought was cheriſhed in my Heart that tended not to my Peoples good. And now if my Kingly Bounty have been abuſed, and my Grants turned to the hurt of my People, contrary to my will and meaning; or if any in Authority under me, have neglected or perverted what I have committed to them, I hope God will not lay their Culps and offences to my Charge; and though there were danger in repealing our Grants, yet what danger would not I rather incur for your good, than I would ſuffer them ſtill to continue? I know the Title of a King is a Glorious Title; but aſſure your ſelf, that the ſhining glory of Princely Authority hath not ſo dazled the Eyes of our underſtanding, but that we will know and remember, that we alſo are to yield an Account of our Actions before the great Judge. To be a King and wear a Crown is more glorious to them that ſee it, than it is pleaſure to them that bear it. For my Self, I was never ſo much enticed with the glorious name of a King, or Royal Authority of a Queen, as delighted that God hath made me this Inſtrument to maintain his Truth and Glory, and to defend this Kingdom (as I ſaid) from Peril, Diſhonor, Tyranny and Oppreſſion. There will never Queen ſit in my Seat with more Zeal to my Country, Care to my Subjects, and that will ſooner with willingneſs yield and venture her Life for your Good and Safety than my Self. And though you have had and may have many Princes more mighty and wiſe ſitting in this Seat, yet you never had or ſhall have any that will be more Careful and Loving. Should I aſcribe any thing to my Self and my Sexly Weakneſs, I were not worthy to live then, and of all moſt unworthy of the mercies I have had from God, who hath ever yet given me a Heart which never yet feared Foreign or home Enemies. I ſpeak it to give God the praiſe as a Teſtimony before you, and not to attribute any thing unto my ſelf; For I, O Lord, what am I, whom practices and perils paſt ſhould not fear! O what can I do (theſe ſhe ſpake with a great Emphaſis) that I ſhould ſpeak for any Glory! God forbid. This Mr Speaker I pray you deliver unto the Houſe, to whom heartily recommend me. And ſo I commit you all to your beſt Fortunes, and further Councels. And I pray you Mr. Comptroller, Mr. Secretary, and you of my Council, that before theſe Gentlemen depart into their Countries, you bring them all to kiſs my Hand.

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