of Eovaaomittedi
Princess of Ijaveo.

Pre-Adamitical History.

Interſperſed with a great Number of
remarkable Occurrences, which
happened, and may again happen, to
ſeveral Empires, Kingdoms, Republicks,
and particular Great Men.

With ſome Account of the Religion,
Laws, Customs,
and Policies of
thoſe Times.

Written originally in the Language of Nature,
(of later Years but little underſtood.)

Firſt tranſlated into Chineſe, at the command of the
Emperor, by a Cabal of Seventy Philosophers
; and now retranſlated into Engliſh, by the
Son of a Mandarin, reſiding in London.

Printed for S. Baker, at the Angel and Crown
in Ruſſel-Street, Covent-Garden 1736M.dcc.xxxvi.

A1v A2r

To Her Grace, The Dutchess Dowager of Marlborough.


IPresume to preſent Your Grace with a ſmall Sketch of the World before Adam; and indeed, to whom could I ſo properly inſcribe ſuch a Hiſtory, ſince how Romantick ſoever any Adventures of thoſe Days may appear to the preſent Age, they cannot be more incredible than ſome Tranſactions of our own Times will ſeem to Poſterity:A2 rity: A2v iv rity: Our Eyes have ſeen a Marlborough! ―― We feel the Benefits of his Valour and his Counſels; but hereafter, when, perhaps, ſome ambitious, or avaritious Favourite, void of Abilities as of Morals, ſhall have ſpread a general Corruption thro’ the Land, and deſtroy’d all the Bleſſings that Godlike Man beſtow’d; when the Love of Liberty, Glory, Virtue, ſhall no more be the diſtinguiſh’d Paſſion of the Britiſh Genius; how difficult will it be for that degenerate Race, to believe what they find themſelves ſo little able to imitate. Then will the Records of Blenheim, Ramillies, &c. be read but as thoſe of the Trojan Wars are now; and your Grace’s ſhining Character, even by your own Sex, whoſe Honour is ſo deeply intereſted in ſupporting the Reality, be look’d upon as that of an imaginary Heroine. This, I confeſs, muſt be ſaid in their Vindication, that it requires ſomething more than bare Tradition, to convince them there cou’d be ſo much Perfection on this ſide the Grave.

O A3r v

O Highly-favour’d! O moſt Illuſtrious Wife, and Parent of the Greateſt, Beſt and Lovelieſt! it was not ſufficient for you to adorn Proſperity with the Amiableneſs of every Virtue; the Divine Wiſdom thought fit to ſhew, he had alſo form’d you able to undergo, with the ſame Sweetneſs, the ſevereſt Trials: ―― Trials! to which no other Woman was ever liable, becauſe no other Woman ever poſſeſs’d, and loſt ſuch Treaſures. ―― Thoſe who know there was a Marlborough! ―― Two Blandfords! a Sunderland! a Bedford! know too with what Patience, what Fortitude you ſtood, calm and reſign’d, amidſt a weeping, an almoſt diſtracted World, and beheld Heaven reſume what it had given; but who, unſeeing, can conceive the Greatneſs of that Courage and Magnanimity which cou’d ſuſtain ſo many and ſuch dreadful Separations?

But this is a Theme I ſhould not dare to touch upon, had not the AlmightyA3 mighty A3v vi mighty left you ſtill ſome Branches, truly worthy of the glorious Stock from whence they ſprung; and from whom, ’tis to be hoped, new Generations of Heroes and Heroines will ariſe, to propagate the Name and Virtues of their great Progenitors, till Time ſhall be no more.

That your Grace may live to ſee, like Job, all you have been depriv’d of doubly reſtored to you, is the ſincere Wiſh of every honeſt Heart; and, in particular, of one, who, tho’ entirely unknown to your Grace, has the Honour to be, with the moſt profound Duty and Submiſſion,

May it pleaſe your Grace, Your Grace’s moſt Humble, moſt Obedient, and moſt zealouſly Devoted Servant,

The Translator.


Preface, by the Translator.

Tho, ſince my Reſidence in England, I have made it my Obſervation, that Addreſſes of this nature are generally look’d upon as deſign’d only to encreaſe the Bulk of the Work; yet, when any thing out of the common road is exhibited, I cannot help thinking it neceſſary to ſtop the mouth of Cenſure, by anſwering before-hand, all the Cavils that, with any ſhew of Reaſon, can be made againſt it.

A4 I A4v viii

I know the Chineſe Account, concerning the Æra of this Earth’s Formation, is ſo much exploded all over Europe, that any Relation of Facts, before the Reign of Adam, will appear fabulous; the Reader therefore, who wou’d be either inſtructed or diverted by this Book, muſt diveſt himſelf of the Prejudice of Education, and conſider it as no Impoſſibility, that our Calculation ſhould be more juſt than that he has been inſtructed in; or, if he cannot perſuade himſelf to this, (as nothing is more difficult) to take at leaſt a Trip to Nanquin, where, in the famous Library of Lamazahuma, he will find ſuch authentic Teſtimonials, as cannot fail of convincing him, if he underſtands the Characters, that the World bears date higher, by many thouſand Years, than the narrow Chronology of other Nations extends. We do not ſay it was in the ſame Model as when governed by Adam; the Maps and Geographical Tables of it in the firſt Ages, compared with thoſe of his, plainly demonſtrate the contrary: But as all the Learned allow, that after- A5r ix afterward, in the Time of Noah, it underwent a prodigious Alteration, by being overwhelmed by Water, and will, hereafter, go through a much greater one, by Fire; why may we not as well ſuppoſe, it formerly experienced ſome ſuch Revolution by Air, an Element of no leſs force than either of the other? Might not that powerful Body diffuſe it ſelf, by imperceptible degrees, into the Bowels of the Earth, where gathering greater Strength, by being confined, and receiving Permiſſion from the Author of Nature, it at laſt burſt open its Priſon-Doors, and, by a general Earthquake, overturned all that oppoſed its Paſſage? ―― Or, might not ſome neighbouring Planet, for example, the Moon, as being neareſt to us, by a Motion ſeemingly irregular, but directed by the Supreme Hand, preſs ſo hard upon our Atmoſphere, that the condens’d Vapours, ſtruggling for room, might cruſh the Globe, and deſtroy, by Suffocation, every thing that had life? Then, retreating all at once, and the pure Æther ſucceeding, occaſion that ſweet A5v x ſweet Serenity which rendred it Paradiſiacal, and a fit Reception for that Favourite of Heaven, who, by being the firſt who enjoyed it, is ſtiled, The Father of Mankind. But as theſe things are only conjectural, and not intended for the Foundation of any new Hypotheſis, I ſhall leave every one to judge of them as he thinks fit. Not ſo little tenacious am I in maintaining, that the Antiquity of the Hiſtory I have taken upon me to put into Engliſh, ought to be no Objection to the Veracity of it; becauſe there are Records yet extant, in the above-mentioned Library, which prove the World exiſted upwards of 5000 Years before the Birth of Eovaai; and, what is infinitely more ſtrange, that, in the Infancy of Time, all the Parts of this great Univerſe had a free Intercourſe with each other, and the different Inhabitants paſt from World to World, with the ſame Facility we now do from Kingdom to Kingdom. We have, in the Poſſeſſion of the Holy Chiaca, a Cryſtal Tablet, containing a Letter from a great Lady to her Huſband,band, A6r xi band, then gone on ſome Buſineſs into that Planet, which, in later Ages, is diſtinguiſh’d by the Name of Mercury; but at that time was call’d Oye, as appears by the Direction. In what manner indeed thoſe ſurprizing Voyages were made, is not tranſmitted to Poſterity; I ſuppoſe, becauſe the Diſcovery would be wholly uſeleſs to us in our preſent Situation: we muſt, alas! content ourſelves with ſuch things as are permitted us in this narrow Boundary between Sky and Sky, and wait till Death ſhall ſet open the Adamantine Gates, and give the enfranchis’d Soul her Liberty to range on more glorious Diſquiſitions, in the Boſom of Infinity. In the mean time, ſome Reflections on the extenſive Faculties of the former Poſſeſſors of this Earth, methinks, wou’d not be amiſs, to humble the Pride of our modern Travellers, who look down with a kind of ſcorn, on their leſs curious, or leſs happy Fellow-Creatures; and think themſelves vaſtly accompliſh’d, if, after a great Expence of Time and Money, they attain to the Knowledge of four or five A6v xii five Languages, and have viſited as many Courts: but as this might ſeem too preſuming, among a People who, if I judge rightly, are not fond of Remonſtrances; and beſides, is not at all material to teſtify the Truth of the ſucceeding Narrative, where no Deſcription is attempted of any other World than the ſublunary one; I ſhall only deſire, that as I ſhall relate many things out of what is called the ordinary Courſe of Nature, every Reader will ſo far mortify his own Vanity, as to believe them not leſs real, becauſe he is unable to comprehend them.

But as the Language ſpoken in thoſe remote Ages, is now quite out of uſe, a ſecond Objection, of equal weight with the former, may ariſe, concerning the true reading of the above-mentioned Records; and conſequently, the Truth of all extracted from them, be liable to Suſpicion; I think myſelf obliged to give an exact Account of the Means by which we arriv’d at the underſtanding thoſe valuable Remains.

In A7r xiii

In the Year 13799, from the Creation of the World, sccording to our Chronology, and 4237, by that of the European, we had an Emperor in whom every Virtue worthy of a Throne was center’d; this illuſtrious Monarch, inſtead of attempting to enlarge his Prerogative, or fill his Coffers by unneceſſary or unjuſt Taxes, as too many of his Succeſſors have ſince done, placed his whole Pride and Pleaſure in the Opulence and Welfare of his Subjects: His Glory was to be at the head of a brave, a wiſe, and a free People; and was far from envying thoſe of his Contemporaries, however large their Dominions, who, with a Rod of Iron, ruled over a ſervile and enervate Race: He choſe rather to be loved for the Benefits he diſpenſed, than feared for the Puniſhments it was in his power to inflict; and that he might have as little occaſion as poſſible of exerciſing the latter, he endeavoured, by Example and Precept, to encourage Virtue, and a Deſire of Knowledge: His Court ſeemed a School of Science; and the only way to be admittedmitted A7v xiv mitted to any extraordinary Favour, was to be eminent both for Learning and Purity of Manners.

The Language of Nature being, even in his days, grown obſolete, thoſe Annals of the firſt Ages, which (to the Glory of the Chineſe) had been carefully preſerved, were, by length of time, and the Remiſſneſs of former Emperors, rendred unintelligible. This excellent Prince, therefore, propoſed great Rewards to any who ſhould be able to draw them out of that Obſcurity in which they had too long remained: His Liberality and Juſtice were ſo well known, that, in a ſhort time, Pekin was crouded with the moſt Eminent Philoſophers of all Nations; 70 of whom were ſelected for this Work, and the others ſent back, but in ſuch a manner as left them no room to regret the Preference given to their Companions.

Full Ninety and ſeven Moons did the Cabal (for ſo was this learned Body entitled) employ themſelves in the arduousduous A8r xv duous Task; but the good Emperor then dying, and his Succeſſor taking little pleaſure in Diſcoveries of this nature, their Labours ceaſed, and they diſperſed themſelves each to his Native Country; having, in all that time, been able to tranſlate no more than three, out of twenty one Hiſtories committed to their Inſpection.

As I brought with me a very correct Copy of that which is eſteem’d the beſt, I thought I cou’d do no leſs, in gratitude for the many Favours I have received from the Engliſh, ſince my ſojourning among them, than to give them, in their own Language, ſo curious a Piece of Antiquity. If this Acknowledgment is taken as it is meant, I ſhall think my Time well laid out; and perhaps, hereafter, make them another Preſent equally worthy their Attention.


Adventures of Eovaai, Princess of Ijaveo.

The Kingdom of This Kingdom, according to a Map annexed to the Hiſtory, was ſituated near the South Pole: if ſo, it muſt be, within a few Degrees, the Antipodes to England, and Part of that huge Continent, now call’d Terra Auſtralis, or the unknown Land. The Cabal were of Opinion, that by the Name of Ijaveo is meant, Opulent and Magnanimous. Ijaveo was once among the Number of the moſt rich and powerful of any that compoſe the ſublunary Globe; almoſt impregnable by its Situation, and more ſo by the Bravery and Induſtry of the People. The B Earth B1v 2 Earth produced all kinds of Fruits and Flowers: the Rivers abounded with the moſt delicious Fiſh: the Air afforded a vaſt Variety of the feather’d Race, no leſs beautiful to the Eye, than exquiſite to the Taſte; and to crown all, the Climate was ſo perfectly wholeſome, that the Inhabitants lived to an extreme old Age, without being afflicted with any Pain or Diſeaſe.

This happy Spot of Earth was govern’d by a King call’d Father of the People. Eojaeu, in whoſe Family the Scepter had remain’d for upwards of 1500 Years, in all which Time no Wars with foreign Foes, nor home-bred Factions had diſturb’d the Land. So long a Series of Tranquillity produced Bleſſings too valuable for a good Prince not to wiſh earneſtly for the Continuance of them; and it was with an infinite Concern, the illuſtrious Eojaeu knew, by a Magick, of which the learned Commentator on the Chineſe Tranſlation obſerves, there were two kinds practiſed by the People of thoſe Days; the one had for its Patrons the Genii, or Good Powers; the other was Diabolical. The Conduct of Eojaeu proves the firſt of theſe to have been his Study. Science in which he was a perfect Maſter, that with his Life would end the Felicity of his Subjects, or at leaſt ſuffer a long and terrible Interruption.tion. B2r 3 tion. As he had no Son, and was to be ſucceeded by an only Daughter, he took care to educate her in ſuch a manner as he thought might moſt contribute to alleviate the Calamities, which he foreſaw the Fates had decreed for her, and the Nation ſhe was born to rule. He employed no Maſters expert in the Arts of Singing, Dancing, Playing on the Muſick, or any other the like Modes of accompliſhing young Ladies; nor, indeed, was there the leaſt Neceſſity for it, even had the Buſineſs of her Life been no more than to pleaſe; for ſhe had a Miſtreſs capable of inſtructing, or rather of inſpiring every thing becoming of her Sex and Rank: Nature had given ſo graceful, ſo enchanting an Air to all her Motions, and taught her Voice to iſſue in ſuch harmonious and perſuaſive Accents, that any ſtudied Forms muſt have diminiſhed inſtead of adding to her Perfections; but there was nothing of which he ſo much endeavour’d to keep her in Ignorance as her own Charms. To this end, he ſuffer’d her to converſe but little with her own Sex, and ſtrictly forbad thoſe of the other, to mention Beauty, or any Endowment of the Body, as things deſerving Praiſe; the Virtues of the Mind were what he labour’d to inculcate, and therefore took all poſſible care to render amiable to her. Pride and Avarice he taught her to deteſt from her B2 moſt B2v 4 moſt early Years, as Vices the moſt ſhameful in a crown’d Head; and as her Underſtanding ripened, laid down to her thoſe Precepts of Government, which no Prince, who does not punctually obſerve, can make his Subjects happy, or be long ſafe himſelf, from their juſt Reſentment. He repreſented to her, that the This implies, that the Ijaveans were a free People, tho’ under Monarchical Government. greateſt Glory of a Monarch was the Liberty of the People, his moſt valuable Treaſures in their crowded Coffers, and his ſecureſt Guard in their ſincere Affection. Take care, therefore, ſaid he, that you never ſuffer yourſelf to be enſnared by the falſe Luſtre of Arbitrary Power; which, like thoſe wandering Fires, which miſlead benighted Travellers to their Perdition, will, before you are aware, hurry you to Acts unworthy of your Place, and ruinous to yourſelf. ―― Remember, you are no leſs bound by Laws, than the meaneſt of your Subjects; and that even they have a Right to call you to account for any Violation of them: — You muſt not imagine, that it is meerly for your own Eaſe you are ſeated on a Throne; no, it is for the Good of the Multitudes beneath you; and when you ceaſe to ſtudy that, you ceaſe to have any Claim to their Obedience. ―― Let then your Ear be ever open to Complaints; your Mind B3r 5 Mind inquiſitive into the Ground of them and your Eye ſwift in ſeeing their Redreſs. But this will be impoſſible, if you ſuffer yourſelf to be engroſſed by any one Man, or Set of Men; above all things, therefore, beware of Favourites, for Favour naturally implies Partiality, and Partiality is but another Name for Injuſtice. All Paſſions deceive us, but none more than the Goodwill we bear to ſuch whoſe Sentiments ſeem to fall in with our own: we know not our ſelves the wrong we do to others, by loving theſe too well, nor can ever be ſufficiently aſſured, they really merit to be thus particularized. — ’Tis a Fault to rely wholly on the moſt virtuous and approv’d Miniſter, becauſe the beſt may err; but that Prince is unpardonable, who ſuffers himſelf to be guided in Matters of Government by one who has incurr’d the general Hatred. ―― The common and univerſal Voice of the People is ſeldom miſtaken, and in all Affairs relating to the Publick, the publick Opinion ought to have ſome Weight. He illuſtrated this Truth by many Arguments, as well as by a great Number of Examples from the Hiſtory of paſt Times, and his own Obſervation of the preſent; and that what he ſaid to her might be the more deeply imprinted on her Mind, he obliged her every day to repeat to him the Subject of their Converſation the preceding one, B3 with B3v 6 with what Remarks ſhe had been able to make upon it.

This excellent Father having thus done everything in his power to form her Mind for governing in ſuch a manner as ſhou’d render her Reign glorious for herſelf, and fortunate for her Subjects, his next Care was to inſtruct her in the Myſteries of Religion and Philoſophy, that, whatever ſhould befall, ſhe might have ſo juſt an Indifference for all terreſtrial Things, and ſo entire a Dependance on her future Inheritance in that World above the Stars, This denotes the Ijaveans to have a Notion of Futurity, not much differing from what moſt Nations now agree in. as neither to be too much elevated or dejected at any Accident below.

Eovaai By Interpretation, The Delight of Eyes. (for ſo was this young Princeſs named) profited ſo well by theſe Leſſons, that, in a ſhort time, ſhe was look’d upon as a Prodigy of Wit and Learning; and her Beauty, tho’ far ſuperior to that of any Woman of her Time, was ſcarce ever mention’d, ſo greatly was the World taken up with admiring the more truly valuable Accompliſhments of her Mind. But alas! the Precepts ſhe received were yet green, there wanted Age to confirm and ſpread their Roots, ſo as to enable her to bring forth the Fruit B4r 7 Fruit expected from her; ſhe was but in her fifteenth Year, when Eojaeu found himſelf ſummon’d, by a Power whoſe Calls no Mortal can reſiſt, and the only Excuſe can be made for her Conduct after his Deceaſe, is, that ſhe became Miſtreſs of herſelf too ſoon.

When this truly good and great King perceived his laſt Moment was approaching, he commanded her to kneel by him; and, having tenderly embraced her, I need not tell you, ſaid he, how dear you are to me; my Behaviour to you, and the Care I have taken to inſtruct you in ſuch Things as alone can make you happy, by enabling you to diſcharge the Duties of your Place with Dignity and Honour, has abundantly convinced you of my Paternal Affection: but, becauſe no human Guards are ſufficient to ward againſt the Blows of Fate, receive from me a Jewel of more Worth than ten thouſand Empires. ―― A Jewel made by the Hands of the divine The Cabal differ’d very much concerning the Signification of this Name, and at length left the Matter undetermined. Aiou, the Patron of our Family, and moſt powerful and beneficent of all the Genii. This, if you preſerve entire, and in its preſent Purity and Brightneſs, will avert the moſt malevolentB4 lent B4v 8 lent Aſpect of the By this Paſſage it is evident, the Ijaveans had Skill in Aſtronomy, and depended on future Events from the Influence of the Stars; but the Syſtem by which they ſtudied is now utterly loſt. Stars, and even the inveterate and inceſſant Attempts of the fiery Ypres By what is ſaid of them here, as well as in many other Places of this Hiſtory, the Ypres are no other than infernal Spirits, who are ſometimes permitted to torment the People of the Earth, and are always at enmity with them. themſelves; and defend you, and the Nations under you, in all the Dangers with which you are threatned. In ſpeaking theſe Words, he took off a Carcanet, which he had conſtantly worn upon his Breaſt, and put it upon her’s. Let neither Force nor Fraud, reſumed he, deprive you of this ſacred Treaſure: Remember that what ought to be infinitely dearer to you than your Life, your eternal Fame, and the Happineſs of all the Millions you are born to rule, depend on the Conſervation of it. He cou’d no more; and perceiving his laſt Breath iſſuing from his Lips, he laid his Hands upon her Head, by way of enforcing the Command he had juſt given her, and graciouſly bowing his Body to the Nobility, who were weeping round his Couch, expired without any of thoſe Agonies which make Death terrible.

Eovaai now aſſumed the Throne of her Anceſtors, amidſt the Acclamations of B5r 9 of a ſhouting and almoſt adoring People: Novelty has in itſelf ſo many Charms for the Populace, that nothing is more common than to ſee all the Benefits of a deceaſed Prince, buried in the Hopes of greater from his Succeſſor; and the unequalled Beauty, and rare Qualifications of this young Queen, prepoſſeſſing even the moſt wiſe and penetrating in her favour, it’s not to be wonder’d at, that Eojaeu was ſoon forgot. It was, however, by regulating her Conduct after the Model of that illuſtrious Inſtructor, that ſhe a while ſo fully anſwer’d all the great Expectations conceiv’d of her, that the Ijaveons had reaſon to think, no Addition cou’d be made to their Felicity, except that of ſeeing their excellent Sovereign married to a Prince worthy of her, and by whom ſhe might have Children to inherit her Dignity and Virtues.

This was a Happineſs to which ſeveral potent Princes, and other great Men aſpired; but whether it were, that ſhe found no Inclinations in herſelf to Marriage, or that ſhe thought none of the Alliances yet offer’d were for the Intereſt of her Kingdom, ſhe gave no ear to any Propoſal of that kind: And ſo great was the Reverence paid her, that not even thoſe of her own Sex, who moſt ſhared her Confidence, nor thoſe of the other, whoſe Birth and EmploymentsB5 ploy- B5v 10 ployments placed them neareſt to the Throne, durſt preſume to urge what they ſo earneſtly deſired.

Thus loved, thus obeyed, did ſhe live and reign, till the Satellite of Earth had ſeven times loſt and renewed its ſilver Creſcent; ſo truly happy in herſelf, ſo good to all beneath her, that to wiſh beyond what they enjoy’d, was a thing unknown either to Queen or People. O, to what a Height of Glory might ſuch a Kingdom have arrived! What Examples to Poſterity might the Annals of that Reign have afforded, if, by a fatal Inadvertency, every preſent Enjoyment, and future Hope, had not been ſubverted, and all Degrees of People, from the Cottage to the Throne, involved in one common Calamity?

As ſhe was one day ſitting alone in her Garden, ruminating on the laſt Words of her Father, and the ſtrict Injunction laid on her concerning the Carcanet, Emotions, to which hitherto ſhe had been a Stranger, began to diffuſe themſelves throughout her Mind; ſhe took it from her Breaſt; ſhe examin’d it over and over, and the more ſhe did ſo, the more her Curioſity encreaſed: She ſaw the Stone contain’d in it was of an uncommon Luſtre, but cou’d not conceive how it ſhou’d be of ſo much conſequence to B6r 11 to her Happineſs as ſhe had been told; and perceiving ſome myſtic Characters engraven on the Inſide, which yet were ſeen through the Clearneſs of the Stone, ſhe reſolv’d to conſult all the learned Men of her Kingdom, for the Interpretation. So preſuming is human Nature, that we cannot thankfully and contentedly enjoy the Good allotted us, without prying into the Cauſes by which it comes about: The wherefore, and the why, employ the Speculations of us all; and Life glides unenjoyed away in fruitleſs Inquiſitions.

She continued ſtill pondring on the myſterious Words, The Commentator will needs have it, that theſe Words imply a Vanity, or kind of Self-ſufficiency in Eovaai; and infers from thence, that it’s an Error to truſt Women with too much Learning; as the Brain in that Sex being of a very delicate Texture, renders them, for the moſt part, incapable of making ſolid Reflections, or comparing the little they can poſſibly arrive at the knowledge of, with the Infinity of what is beyond their reach. But as old a Man, and as rigid a Philoſopher as he was, I am apt to think, he wou’d have ſpared this Part of his Animadverſions, had he been honour’d with the Acquaintance of ſome European Ladies. flatter’d perhaps with the Imagination, that her own Ingenuity would enable her to unfold the Meaning, when, to her inexpreſſible Amazement, the Jewel drop’d from the cemented Gold, and only B6v 12 only the exterior Ornament, which had encompaſs’d it, remain’d between her Fingers: She ſtoop’d haſtily to take it up, hoping to replace it; but, in that inſtant, a little Bird that, unregarded by her, had been all this while hopping about her Feet, ſnatch’d it in his Beak, and taking wing, immediately bore out of ſight the ſacred Prize. In vain her Eyes purſued the Track in Air, as far as ſhe was able! in vain her Arms were ſtretch’d to Heaven for Aid! in vain her Tongue, in ſcreaming Accents, invoked the Powers that ruled her Birth. All ſeem’d deaf to her Entreaties, and her Misfortune certain and irremedible. Horror and wild Aſtoniſhment now ſeiz’d every Faculty; ſhe ſtood motionleſs, and even bereft of Thought for ſome Moments; but cruel Recollection ſoon bringing to her mind the Value of what ſhe had been deprived of, the Manner of her Loſs, and the Miſchiefs which were to enſue, an adequate Deſpair ſucceeded: Philoſophy was incapable of affording her any Relief, and all her Reaſon ſerved only to paint the Unhappineſs of her Condition in the ſtronger Colours. With her Lamentations ſhe could not reſtrain herſelf from mingling Repinings: Since ſo much depended on the keeping that fatal Jewel, ſaid ſhe, why was it intruſted to one of my weak Sex? Why was it not rather enclos’d in a brazen Tower, guarded by fiery Dragons, and B7r 13 and inacceſſible to all the Efforts of Man, or Beaſt, or Fiend? ―― Why did not the divine Aiou protect his Workmanſhip? — Why ſuffer ſo This ſhews, that the greateſt Miſchiefs frequently owe their birth to what ſeems to us the moſt minute Cauſes. ſilly, ſo inconſiderable an Animal, to prophane the hallowed Relique? ―― Or why, continued ſhe, in the bittereſt Anguiſh of Soul, did he at all make what he foreſaw the Fates were reſolute to deſtroy? — And why, O why, was it ordain’d, that the Bleſſings of fifteen hundred Years muſt end in me? —— Why am I alone, of my whole Race, born to feel and give Calamity, who am the leaſt able to ſuſtain it in my ſelf, or afford Relief to others? Theſe Expoſtulations, ſays a learned and religious Author, perhaps added to the Miſeries deſtin’d for her.

As the Extremity of her Grief forced from her theſe and the like Exclamations, the Firmament grew dark, and was at length quite covered with a thick and ſulphurous Cloud. So ſtrange a Phænomenon, in a Country where the Sun was uſed to ſhine with uninterrupted Splendor, ſtruck Terror to her Soul; but, how greatly was that Terror encreas’d, when, from the dreadful Gloom, ſhe beheld unnumber’d Fires burſt forth in forked Darts, croſſing each other with B7v 14 with ſuch Rapidity, and accompanied with ſo horrible a Noiſe, as tho’ the whole Frame of Nature were unhing’d, and every Crack ſnap’d in ſunder the Axis of the World: This was the firſt Thunder and Lightning that had ever been known in Ijaveo, or perhaps in the World; for all the Pre-Adamitical Writers agree, that, in the firſt Ages, none of the Elements tranſgreſſed the Bounds ſet to them at the Creation. She thought no leſs than that the Ypres had got the better of the Genii of Mankind, that the eternal Barriers between them were thrown down, and each contending Element was broken looſe, and had free Liberty, by turns, to o’erwhelm each other, for a final Diſſolution of all things. ―― Nay, her Imagination carried her ſo far, as to make her think, that ſhe verily heard Rocks banging againſt Rocks, and ſaw them whirling about in wild Confuſion through the Air.

As Solitude naturally enhances every Danger, the Horrors of this Tempeſt had double Force on poor Eovaai, by having none near to comfort her, or bear a part in this Affright: She call’d to her Attendants, who were in another Alley in the Garden; but they, no leſs terrified than herſelf, either not heard, or not regarded her Voice; and ſhe was expos’d alone, and without any other Defence than the Boughs of a ſpreadinging B8r 15 ing Oak, to Shocks ſhe had never felt, nor cou’d have any Notion of before this Hour.

At length the Elements, as having ſpent their Fury, ſunk into a Calm; the Vapours diſpers’d; the blue Screne again appear’d; and the bright Planet of the Univerſe returned to gild the Hills: Nature ſeem’d now recover’d, and ſmil’d in all her Works. All but the Princeſs, who being ſtill diſconſolate for the loſs of her precious Stone, haſted to the Palace; and having ſummon’d a Council of all the great Men of her Kingdom, acquainted them, with Tears, of the Accident had befallen her; and entreated their Advice how to behave, that the Woes denounced againſt her by the laſt Words of Eojaeu, might be averted.

But how great a Change did the Recital of this Adventure occaſion in them? She immediately perceived the Influence ſhe had been made to fear, already had begun to operate; and found her firſt of Sorrows in the loſs of that Reſpect had hitherto been paid her: Inſtead of humble Attentiveneſs, a confuſed Murmur ran thro’ the whole Aſſembly, all the time ſhe was ſpeaking; and as ſoon as ſhe had given over, every one roſe ſullenly from his Seat, and left the Chamber without making any Anſwer to what ſhe had ſaid.

The B8v 16

The Event being made known, the Body of the People were not leſs diſſatisfied; a general Diſcontent diffuſed itſelf throughout the Country, the City, and the Palace; all the Love and Reverence with which ſhe had been treated, was now no more; and whereſoever ſhe turn’d her Eyes, ſhe met with nothing but upbraiding Looks, or cold and inforced Civilities. The Conſequence of this ſad Alternative were ſecret Plots, or open Rebellions againſt her Government: Ijaveo became the Scene of Civil War, Father againſt Son, and Brother againſt Brother, now hurl’d the fatal Dart; the cryſtal Rivers received another Colour tinctur’d with human Gore: The Streets were ſo encumber’d with the Dead, the Living had no room to paſs, but over the Bodies of their ſlaughter’d Friends; and even the Temples of the Gods had no longer Power to protect the Wretches who flew to them for Refuge.

Amidst this general Uproar, Eovaai was ſafe only from the Contention between the Heads of her rebellious Subjects, who, each ambitious of the ſovereign Sway, prolong’d her Life but to intimidate his Competitor; ſhe being held in the moſt ſtrict Captivity, with no other Variation in her Fortune, than that ſhe was ſometimes in the power of one Faction, and ſometimes of another, all equally her Foes.

In B9r 17

In ſuch a Circumſtance, what had Life of value? A thouſand times ſhe wiſh’d to throw the Burthen off, and had doubtleſs eaſed herſelf of it, by means no way agreeable to the divine Will, if the natural Timidity of her Sex had not reſtrain’d her; but her Melancholy, by degrees, grew into a Deſpair, which wou’d have been no leſs effectual for that purpoſe, had not a ſudden Change happen’d in her Affairs, which gave her another, and very different Turn of Mind.

Among all the Princes who had ſollicited her Affection, while in her proſperous State, not one had offer’d his Aſſiſtance in her Misfortunes; and ſhe imagin’d her ſelf entirely forgotten by them: But, in this, her Conjectures deceiv’d her. One there was, over whoſe Heart her Beauty ſtill retain’d its Empire; he was call’d Ochihatou, and had, for many Years, ruled every thing in According to antient Geography, upwards of an hundred Leagues ſouthward of Ijaveo. Hypotofa, tho’ Oeros, the King thereof, was living; but, as he had ſo great a Share in the Adventures of Eovaai, it’s proper to give a more particular Account of him.

The B9v

The Hiſtory of Ochihatou, Prime Miniſter of Hypotofa.

This great Man was born of a mean Extraction, and ſo deformed in his own Perſon, that not even his own Parents cou’d look on him with Satisfaction: To attone, however, as much as was in their power for the Imperfections of his Body, they endeavoured to cultivate his Mind with all poſſible Improvements. And, to that end, put him under the Tuition of a virtuous and learned Maſter; but he proved of too arrogant and impatient a Spirit to endure Controul, or go through the tedious and gradual Forms by which Youth ordinarily arrive at Knowledge: He therefore ſet himſelf to the Study of the worſt Sort of Magic, renounced the Powers of Goodneſs, and devoted all his Faculties to the ſervice of the Ypres; by whoſe aſſiſtance, he became, in a ſhort time, ſo expert in the pernicious Science, that he was capable of putting in practice the moſt difficult Enchantments. As he was extremely amorous, and had ſo little in him to inſpire the tender Paſſion, the firſt Proof he gave of his Art, was to B10r 19 to transform himſelf into the reverſe of what he was: Not that he had Power to change the Work of Nature, or make any real Alteration in his Face or Shape, but to caſt ſuch a Deluſion before the Eyes of all who ſaw him, that he appeared to them ſuch as he wiſhed to be, a moſt comely and graceful Man.

With this Advantage, join’d to the moſt ſoothing and inſinuating Behaviour, he came to Court, and, by his Artifices, ſo wound himſelf into the Favour of ſome great Officers, that he was not long without being put into a conſiderable Poſt. This he diſcharged ſo well, that he was ſoon promoted to a better, and at length to thoſe of the higheſt Truſt and Honour in the Kingdom. But that which was moſt remarkable in him, and very much contributed to endear him to all Sorts of People, was that his Elevation did not ſeem to have made the leaſt Change in his Sentiments. His natural Pride, his Luſt, his exorbitant Ambition were diſguiſed under the Appearance of Sweetneſs of Diſpoſition, Chaſtity, and even more Condeſcenſion, than was conſiſtent with the Rank he then poſſeſt. By this Behaviour, he render’d himſelf ſo far from exciting Envy, that thoſe, by whoſe Recommendation he had obtained what he enjoy’d, and with ſome of whom he was now on B10v 20 on more than an Equality, wiſh’d rather to ſee an Augmentation, than Diminution of a Power he ſo well knew to uſe; and ſo ſucceſsful was his Hypocriſy, that the moſt Diſcerning ſaw not into his Deſigns, till he found means to accompliſh them, to the almoſt total Ruin of both King and People.

The Places he held, giving him frequent Acceſs to the King, it was eaſy for a Penetration, ſuch as his, to diſcover what Failings had harbour in the Royal Breaſt; and finding a little Vanity in Dreſs was moſt predominant, was continually inventing new Faſhions and communicating them to him for his Approbation. Among other gay Ornaments, Oeros was particularly fond of Feathers; ſeveral of which he always wore either on his Breaſt, or Shoulders, or about the Hilt of his Dagger; nay, he would ſometimes have them faſtned to his Scepter. Ochihatou ſeeing this, by his Spirits, under his Subjection, of much the ſame Nature with the Ypres, and frequently employed for the ſame Purpoſes. Æriel Agents, procured one pluck’d from the Phoenix Wing, and having dipt it in a pernicious Liquor, which his execrable Art had taught him to compoſe, preſented it to the King, who, charmed with the Rarity and Beauty of it, immediately ſtuck it in his Crown, while the curſed Magician uttered ſome myſtickſtick B11r 21 ſtick Words to himſelf, and ſo firmly bound the Charm, that Oeros had no ſooner put the infected Wreath of Royalty on his Head, than a ſudden Infatuation ſeized his ſacred Mind: all his nobler Faculties were perverted, his Reaſon was lull’d into a Lethargy; nor had he Eyes or Ears for any thing that was not preſented to him by the Enchanter; ſo that he became, in effect, no more than the Executioner of his Will.

Having thus attain’d an abſolute Power of diſpoſing every thing in Hypotofa, he oblig’d Adelhu, the only Son of Oeros, a young Prince of great Expectations, and who already began to teſtify his Diſlike of his Proceedings, to remove from Court, and afterward ſent him, under the pretence of improving him in his Exerciſes, into the Kingdom of The Land of Regret. Huaca, under the Care of a Perſon in whom he could confide, and who had Orders to make him privately away, as ſoon as the Murder could be perpetrated without Suſpicion. Every thing ſeem’d to agree in flattering the Wiſhes of this artful Miniſter: He received News that his Commands were obeyed in a much ſhorter time than he could have imagined, and he now experienced in the fulleſt manner the Force of his Spell; for the King inſtead of making any B11v 22 any Enquiry concerning the untimely Fate of an only and moſt deſerving Son, appeared wholly unconcerned when it was related to him.

Ochihatou being now freed of this Impediment to his ambitious Views, got himſelf created a Prince, and, by a publick Edict, Vicegerent of the Kingdom. After which, all who were eminent for their Birth, Virtues, or Abilities, were turn’d out of their Employments, whether Civil or Military, diſcharged from their Attendance at Court, and their Places filled up with Wretches, whom natural Baſeneſs, or occaſional Indigence, had rendered ſubſervient to his Intereſt. He next proceeded to ſeize the publick Treaſure into his own Hands, which he converted not to Works of Juſtice or Charity, or any Uſes for the Honour of the Kingdom , The judicious Hahehihotu, in Volume the firſt, pag. 32d of his Remarks on this Hiſtory, takes notice that our Author might have ſaved himſelf the Trouble of particularizing in what manner Ochihatou apply’d the Nation’s Money; ſince he had ſaid enough in ſaying, he was a Prime Miniſter, to make the Reader acquainted with his Conduct in that Point.o but in building ſtately Palaces for himſelf, his Wives, and Concubines, and enriching his mean Family, and others who adhered to him, and aſſiſted in his B12r 23 his Enterprizes. All, however, being too little for his exorbitant Expences, he laid moſt grievous Impoſts on the People, who taxed beyond their Ability, at length began to murmur loudly againſt the Government; but he had the Addreſs, by a Shew of Pity for their Calamities, and ſhrugging up his Shoulders, as tho’ he wiſh’d, but had not the Power to eaſe them, to throw the Odium of all on the This indeed ſeems to be an Artifice of a more modern Date, and therefore might well be looked upon as ſomewhat wonderful in thoſe early Times. Royal Authority; and pretending he was no more than an unwilling Inſtrument of the King’s Pleaſure, preſerv’d the good Will of ſome, even among thoſe whom moſt he had impoveriſhed and abuſed.

Thus was the ſacred Name of Majeſty proſtituted to ſcreen the moſt enormous Crimes; and a Prince whoſe Heart abounded with Juſtice, Clemency, Magnanimity, and every Kingly Virtue, made to appear with all the Vices of a Tyrant and moſt cruel Oppreſſor. The poor Hypotofans, tho’ naturally the moſt loyal and obedient People in the World, had at length their Patience quite exhauſted: they grew ripe for Rebellion, and wiſh’d a Change of Affairs on any Terms, ſince no Slavery could be worſe than what they now endured. Oeros had cer- B12v 24 certainly been depoſed, if Ochihatou, who knew his own Safety depended on that Prince’s Reign, had not found out the only Expedient which could have prevented it amidſt that general Diſaffection. He kept in continual Pay a great Number of This ſhews that a Standing Army was the Refuge of evil Miniſters ſome thouſands of Years before Adam. armed Men, ſome Foreigners, ſome Natives, but all under the Command of Chiefs, who were entirely his Creatures, and were diſperſed through every part of the Kingdom, in order to awe the People into Submiſſion. Beſides theſe, he had a kind of Civil Army, compoſed of the loweſt and moſt profligate of Mankind; they were call’d Many things in the Original being expreſs’d by Character, the Chineſe Language could not always afford Words to tranſlate them; and this, among others, was ſo abſtruſe, that the Cabal thought proper not to attempt an Explanation; which after all their Care, they might poſſibly have been deceived in. and employ’d in gathering a certain Tax, which gave them a full Power to enter the Houſe of any Citizen, inſpect into the Secrets of his Trade, and know to a A Coin worth about the 10th Part of an Engliſh Farthing. ſingle Todo how much he was worth; ſo were in the Quality of Spies on every Family, as well as Soldiers in caſe any Inſurrection ſhould require them to join the C1r 25 the military Forces, to whom they were little inferiour in Number. But this execrable Stateſman, thinking himſelf not ſufficiently ſecured by impoveriſhing and enſlaving a People, who, till this dreadful Æra, had boaſted of more Wealth and Liberty than any Nation in the World, took Meaſures alſo to corrupt their Morals, and to render all kinds of Vice ſo univerſal, that his own might paſs unremark’d. To this end, he choſe the Hiahs, or Chief Prieſts, out of different Sectaries, of which at that time there were many in Hypotofa. Theſe held publick Diſputations concerning ſome nice Points in Divinity; and each exclaiming virulently againſt the Tenets of the other, ſo puzzled the Underſtanding of the weaker ſort, that many of them began to think, there was no Neceſſity of obſerving any Rules of Devotion, and that all Religion was an Artifice, invented only by a Set of Men, to hold an Authority over the Soul. This brought every thing ſacred into Contempt; Men openly deſpis’d the Gods, laugh’d at the Influence of the Genii, and no longer invok’d the Protection of the Celeſtial World. Ochihatou found his Deſigns perfectly compleated by this Stratagem; for the great Barrier againſt human Propenſity to do Evil being removed, the Hypotofans were eaſily led to the Commiſſion C of C1v 26 of any Crimes, which gratify’d their Paſſions, ſo became fit Inſtruments of ſo wicked a Miniſter, and worthy of the Miſeries inflicted on them.

Things were in this Poſition, when the Fame of Eovaai’s Beauty and Accompliſhments fired Ochihatou with a Deſire of enjoying a Princeſs of ſuch uncommon Perfections; and former Succeſſes encouraging him to look on every thing he wiſhed as eaſy to be accompliſhed, he committed the Care of the Kingdom to Zunzo, a Wretch, whoſe Nearneſs of Blood and Conformity of Principles made entirely his own, and took a Journey to Ijaveo, where he immediately liſted himſelf among the Adorers of the Princeſs; but that Kingdom being then under the Protection of the divine Aiou, all his Enchantments were of no Efficacy, to delude the Eyes, or enſnare the Reaſon of any there. So that appearing in his real Deformity of Body, his Talents of Wit and Eloquence did him no further Service, than juſt to preſerve him from Contempt; and he returned to Hypotofa, curſing Nature, himſelf, and his Maſters the Ypres, for this Diſappointment. But his Rage was converted into Rapture, when he was informed by his Art, that Eovaii had loſt that Jewel, by the ſovereign Virtue of which ſhe had hitherto C2r 27 hitherto been protected from all the Attempts of Men, or Ypres. He now reſolved, nor Heaven nor Earth ſhould bar her from his Embraces; and having devoted This Diviſion of Time was not therefore an Art invented by the modern World, but only revived after it had ſeem’d loſt for ſome thouſand Years. ſeven times ſeven Hours, ſeven Minutes, and as many Seconds, to the Myſteries of Darkneſs, he at length obtained a Spirit, who brought her to Hypotofa in the following manner:

Amidst the Calamities, in which we left the Princeſs of Ijaveo involved, it had often been Matter of very melancholy Reflection to her, that, ſince the Death of Eojaeu, ſhe had never been bleſt with the ſight of his illuſtrious Shade , The Ijaveons looked on the Spirits of their deceaſed Friends as a kind of Guardian Angels to them; and therefore thought, when they did not appear, no good Fortune was to be expected. either in Dream or Viſion, and ſhe now languiſhed under the Apprehenſions of being eternally abandon’d by him; when, one Night, contrary to her Hopes, he appeared to her, with a Viſage wholly free from Severity, and looking ſtedfaſtly on her, ſpoke theſe Words: Eovaai, be patient — be watchful C2 ―― be C2v 28 — be reſolute — be conſtant — doubt of all you ſee — hope in what you ſee not ―― you muſt be more unhappy to be happy. He ſaid no more, but at that Inſtant vaniſhed in a Stream of Light. She quitted her Bed immediately, and having returned Thanks to Aiou, by whoſe It was a Part of their Religion to believe the Supream Powers conferred no Favours on Mortals, but by the Interceſſion of Beings, of a middle State, whom they called Genii; and to whom they ſuppoſed the Government of the Stars was committed. Interceſſion this Favour was permitted her, ſat down to contemplate on what he had uttered. She knew very well ſhe had ſufficient Occaſion to practiſe the Leſſons he had given her, while he remained on Earth, and which his immortal Part had now reminded her of; but could not conceive, that there was a Poſſibility of being more unhappy than ſhe already was. Depoſed, a Priſoner, ſubjected to the Will of thoſe ſhe was born to rule, not only herſelf, but her whole Kingdom, plunged in preſent Confuſion and laſting Infamy, meerly by her own Fault: What Woes, cry’d ſhe, yet ever equal’d mine? What more can the utmoſt Rigour of the Fates inflict? If to be happy, I muſt be more unhappy, never, never muſt I hope Relief! ’Tis not in Heaven, or Earth, to add to what I ſuffer; and C3r 29 and ’tis but to make my preſent Miſeries ſeem lighter, that my Father would have me think there can be greater. She was thus going on to ſet Bounds to Infinity, and meaſuring the Power of the immortal Beings, by her own ſhallow Comprehenſion of them, ’till Day appeared, when caſting her Eyes on the unclouded Sky, ſhe beheld at a great diſtance a ſmall black Spot, which coming nearer by degrees, and extending itſelf as it approached, at length took the Form of a Body, part Fowl, part Fiſh. From the enormous Sides were ſtretched out Wings of a prodigious Size, underneath which, inſtead of Feet, grew Fins, reaching to a Tail, in Shape and Breadth like that of the Leviathan. Head it had none, at leaſt that was diſcernable; for juſt above the Neck was placed a Globe of bluiſh Fire, which, to the aſtoniſh’d Eovaai, ſeem’d one huge tremendous Eye. But ſmall was the Time allowed her for Examination, had the Terror ſhe was in permitted her to make any: The dreadful Apparition came juſt over her, and ſhe could only know thus much, that ſhe perceived a thick Vapour enter the Room, which immediately invelloping her, ſhe felt herſelf taken from the Place, and preſently after heard the Wings of her ærial Carriage ſing with the Rapidity of its Flight; then the Fins and Tail C3 laſh C3v 30 laſh among Waves, as forcing a Paſſage through mighty Waters; but the ſwift Tranſition gave her no room for Thought, till on a ſudden every thing was huſh, ſhe found her Feet on Earth, and her Eyes had liberty to look abroad. She turned herſelf about in ſearch of the Machine, in which ſhe had been conveyed; but the hideous Phantom vaniſhed in the Inſtant ſhe was ſet down, nor could ſhe perceive the leaſt Traces of her Journey, any more than form any Conjecture into what Part of the World ſhe had been thus miraculouſly tranſported.

She looks round, and finds every thing delightful as the Dwellings of the Bleſſed, when, after a Life of Care, they receive their Virtue’s Recompence in the World of Eos: Or Jupiter, in which Planet, they ſuppoſed, were thoſe pleaſant Fields, by modern Poets, call’d Elyſium. The Verdure of the Plains, enamell’d with the moſt beautiful Flowers, charm her on the one ſide, and magnificent Buildings on the other: As ſhe advances toward the latter, ſhe is more and more ſtruck with the Grandeur and Elegance of every thing ſhe ſees, and is ſo taken up with Admiration, that ſhe forgets ſhe is a Stranger, deſtitute of Servants, Friends, or even the Means C4r 31 Means of ſupporting herſelf. Nor had the Thoughts, in what manner ſhe ſhou’d live, once enter’d her Head, when ſhe beheld, at a diſtance, a Chariot coming towards her, richly adorned, and drawn by twelve Antelopes, white and ſhining as the Morning-Dew, and attended by a great Number of Lacqueys, in very ſplendid Liveries. The Equipage ſtop’d within three or four Yards of the Place in which ſhe ſtood, and a Perſon, whoſe Aſpect inſpired an equal Share of Reſpect and Reverence, alighted from the Chariot, and falling on his Knees before her, accosted her in theſe Terms: Permit me, Divineſt Princeſs, ſaid he, to be the firſt to welcome you to a Land, which cannot but be bleſs’d while you continue on it, and to conduct you to a Palace leſs unworthy of you than that you lately left.

Not all the Changes Eovaai had experienced ſince the Death of Eojaeu, had fill’d her with greater Conſternation than ſhe now felt, at hearing the Voice of him that ſpoke: She knew the Accents to be the ſame ſhe had often heard from the Mouth of Ochihatou, when he had ſollicited her for Marriage in Ijaveo, and who, at that time, had ſo diſagreeable a Form, as to render all the fine things he ſaid to her ſcarce to be endured. She now beheld the moſt miſhapen C4 of C4v 32 of Mankind, converted into one of the moſt lovely; and the Uncertainty, whether ſhe ſhou’d give credit to her Eyes, againſt the Teſtimony of her Ears, rendered her unable to make any Anſwer to the obliging Salutation he had given her. But he, who was no Stranger to her Suſpenſe, nor wanted Artifice to ſolve any Difficulty, endeavoured to eaſe her of it in this manner: Charming Princeſs, reſumed he, I perceive, that different Sentiments make a kind of Conflict in your Boſom; that a thorough Contempt for a Perſon can hardly be worn off, and that the Remembrance of what I once appeared, occaſions in you a Regret to do Juſtice to what I really am: It might therefore be my Intereſt to deny I am the Man, who had the Boldneſs to addreſs you under that forbidding Form; nor cou’d you diſprove ſuch an Aſſertion, ſince there is nothing impoſſible in two People’s having the Organs of Speech formed ſo exactly alike, as to make not the leaſt Difference between their Voices; but I will not go about to deceive you in any thing: I am Ochihatou, and no leſs your Adorer, now reſtored to the Shape that Nature gave me, than when a cruel Enchantment made me ſeem an Object more proper to excite your Loathing than your Love. How fortunate ſhou’d I be, (continued this Deceiver, looking on her C5r 33 her with Eyes all languiſhing) if this Change in my Perſon cou’d make any Alteration in your Sentiments!

Here he left off ſpeaking; and Eovaai bluſhing, between Modeſty and Pleaſure, replied in Words to this effect: So many and ſuch ſurpriſing Accidents have of late befallen me, ſaid ſhe, that it is not to be wondered at, that I want Words to expreſs myſelf as I ought. All I can do, is to aſſure you, I rejoice in any thing that may contribute to the Happineſs of a Prince whom I always eſteemed for his good Qualities, and was never unjuſt enough to hate, for what was not in his power to avoid.

Ochihatou, charmed with an Anſwer that ſeemed ſo favourable to his Wiſhes, took the liberty of kiſſing that Hand ſhe had ſtretched out to raiſe him; and then, I flatter myſelf, moſt lovely Eovaai, reſumed he, that the Proofs I ſhall hereafter give you of a Paſſion without Bounds, will, in due time, convince you, I merit ſomewhat more than you vouchſafed to grant at our laſt Meeting. In the mean time, refuſe me not the Bleſſing of attending you to that Repoſe your late Fatigues require. With theſe Words he made a Motion to lead her to the Chariot, which ſhe C5 not C5v 34 not oppoſing, he ſeated himſelf by her; and having commanded the Servants to proceed in their Journey, renewed the Converſation, by telling her, that knowing, by his Skill in Magic, that ſhe was threatned with greater Woes than any ſhe had yet endured, if ſhe remained in Ijaveo, he had compelled a Spirit of the Air to remove her from ſo ungrateful a Country; and concluded with a thouſand Proteſtations of his eternal Services. He then pointed out to her ſeveral ſtately Edifices, as they paſs’d along to the Palace; but when they arrived at that Rival of the celeſtial Orbs, all he had remarked to her on the Road, or all ſhe had ſeen in Ijaveo, ſeemed Cottages. The lofty Battlements, the gilded Spires, the Alabaſter Columns ſupporting the capacious Structure, filled her at once with Wonder and Delight. Soon as they approach’d, the brazen Gate open’d with an hundred Folds, to give them entrance; as many Slaves, habited in flowing Robes of Green and Gold, ſtrewed various Perfumes beneath their Feet; while, uſhering them into a magnificent Gallery, at the End of which was an Apartment ornamented with all the Rarities of Art and Nature: Whatever either in Air, or Sea, or Earth, is to be found of rich and curious, might here be ſeen; and the unſated Eye for ever gaze, yet ſtill be ignorant of half the gorgeousgeous C6r 35 geous Magazine. Eovaai wou’d fain have paſt ſome time in examining what ſhe beheld; but Ochihatou thinking Reſt would be more proper, would not permit her: And calling for Women Attendants, forced her, in an obliging and moſt tender manner, to ſuffer them to conduct her to an inner Chamber, where they put her into Bed.

All the time ſhe was undreſſing, theſe Creatures entertain’d her with the Merits of Ochihatou; one extoll’d his Wit, another his Generoſity, a third his Gallantry and agreeable Perſon, and a fourth, more bold than her Companions, after having equall’d him almoſt to the celeſtial Beings, cried out in a ſort of Rapture, Happy, beyond Expreſſion, will be that Lady who has the Secret to gain and keep his Heart! Bleſs’d will be her Days, and doubly bleſs’d her Nights. — Such a Tranſcendency of Good- Fortune can neither be merited nor poſſeſs’d by any but ſo charming a Princeſs as Eovaai. The fair Stranger was a little ſurpriz’d to find her Name and Rank already ſo well known; but ſhe ſoon perceived, that every Circumſtance of her Life had been the common Topick of Diſcourſe in Hypotofa, long before her Arrival; and that theſe Women had been inſtructed to receive and obey her as their Miſtreſs. From the Praiſes of Ochihatouchihatou, C6v 36 chihatou, they proceeded to the moſt groſs Flattery of her Beauty; and laying her on the Bed, the Canopy of which was lined with Looking-Glaſs: We find by this, that Court-Bauds were the ſame before the Days of Adam as ſince. Caſt up your Eyes, moſt lovely Princeſs, ſaid one of them, and behold a Sight more worthy the Admiration, even of yourſelf, than any thing this ſumptuous Palace, or the whole World can ſhew. — Your own heavenly Perſon. — Ah, what a raviſhing Proportion! — What fine- turned Limbs! — How formed for Love is every Part! — What Legs! — What Arms! — What Breaſts! ―― What ―― She was going on, as one may imagine, to particularize every Charm, but Eovaai, whoſe Modeſty would not allow her to ſeem pleaſed with Diſcourſes of this nature, deſir’d to be covered, and left to her Repoſe. Her Commands were immediately obey’d, and the moment the Women were withdrawn, a Concert of the ſofteſt Muſick ſhe had ever heard, ſtruck up in an adjacent Room; and while it charm’d her Senſes, lull’d them into that Supineneſs ſhe before but counterfeited.

On C7r 37

On her awaking, ſhe found the ſame Women obſequiouſly waiting to clothe her in Apparel, to which that ſhe wore on the Solemnity of her Coronation, or any ſhe had ever beheld in Ijaveo, was mean and contemptible. She now, for the firſt time, conſidered the Perfections of her Perſon: She view’d herſelf with pleaſure: She no longer doubted if the repeated Panegyricks of her inſinuating Attendants were juſt; This Paſſage gives the Commentator an Opportunity of exerting his uſual Severity: He makes a long Diſſertation, to prove Vanity is ſo much a Part of Woman, that tho’ Precepts of Education may prevent its Appearance for a time, it will ſooner or later burſt into a Blaze; and often, on the moſt trifling Encouragement. and, from this moment, aſſumed an innate Vanity, and outward Haughtineſs, to which hitherto ſhe had been a perfect Stranger.

Dazling as thoſe ſuperior Beings which rule the Stars, and tread the lofty Manſions of the Skies, did Ochihatou find her at his Morning’s Viſit; and his Paſſion growing more furious, by this Addition to her Charms, he omitted nothing that might ſerve to convince her of the Greatneſs of it; and having ſaid and proteſted all that the extremeſt Love, and moſt perſuaſiveſuaſive C7v 38 ſuaſive Wit could dictate, took the boldneſs at length to preſs an immediate Gratification of his Deſires. But that Pride, This Suppoſition ſo much juſtifies the foregoing Reflection on the Fair Sex, that I wou’d fain have omitted it, cou’d I have done ſo without incurring the Cenſure of an unfair Tranſlator. which the ſudden Conſciouſneſs of her own Beauty had inſpired, was now, perhaps, of more ſervice to her than all the grave Leſſons of Virtue and Philoſophy ſhe had been ſo long inſtructed in; ſhe was pleaſed with the Perſon and Addreſs of her Lover; her Heart confeſſed the Impreſſion he had made on it; the tender Impulſe thrill’d in every Part; ſhe languiſh’d; ſhe almoſt died away between his Arms: Nature and Inclination pleaded ſtrongly in his behalf; yet, when ſhe remembred what ſhe had been told ſhe was, the moſt lovely and accompliſh’d Woman upon Earth, the Boaſt of the Creation, and formed to be adored by the whole World, ſhe thought the Man who ſhould be happy enough to poſſeſs her, ought to purchaſe the Bleſſing by a long Series of Hopes, Fears, Perplexities, and, at laſt, Deſpair. This Conſideration made her vigorouſly repel his Efforts, and tell him, in a majeſtic Tone of Voice, that ſhe too well knew the Value of the Favour he required, to grant it on ſuch C8r 39 ſuch eaſy Terms; that the Service of a thouſand Years, if the Fates allow’d ſo long a Term of Life, wou’d, in the Scale of Juſtice, be found too light in Merit; and that it was ſufficient that ſhe liſtned to his Suit.

Ochihatou ſoon perceived his Error, in having done any thing to excite in her this high Idea of herſelf; but as he was well acquainted with all the Paſſions, he ſoon bethought him how to retrieve it, and render even his preſent Hindrance the Means of his future obtaining. But not to appear too precipitate, he feign’d a Repentance of his late Preſumption; and having, with ſome affected Difficulty on her ſide, received his Pardon, led her to the Royal Apartments, entertaining her as they paſs’d along the Court, only with ſuch Diſcourſes as gratify’d her new Paſſions of Pride and Vanity.

It being then the Hour, when thoſe who were permitted to do ſo by Ochihatou, came to pay their Compliments to the King, or rather to himſelf; for the other was merely for the ſake of Form; ſhe found the Antichambers crouded with a gay Multitude, attired in various-faſhion’d Habits, but all ſo rich in Gold and Jewels, that ſhe took C8v 40 each of them for no leſs than a ſovereign Prince, till the Homage they paid to Ochihatou, convinced her of the Error ſhe had been in; and, at the ſame time, involved her in a good deal of Surprize, which deſirous to be eaſed of, ſhe asked him, of what Rank and Country thoſe Perſons were? He told her with a ſmile, that they were all Hypotofans, and Creatures entirely devoted to his Will: Some, ſaid he, are of the Nature of Dogs, and when I cry, Halloo, will fly at any thing; nay, tear one another in pieces: Others are a kind of two-legg’d Aſſes, and, for a golden Trapping, yield to any Burden I think fit to lay upon them. Eovaai could not help laughing at theſe Words, and looked on the Wretches with the Contempt they merited; but ſtill teſtifying ſome Suſpenſe concerning the Difference of their Habits, We have here, ſaid he, no eſtabliſhed Faſhion in Garb or in Religion: Every body wears what he thinks will beſt become him, and profeſſes that Worſhip which is either moſt agreeable to his own Opinion, or moſt conſiſtent with his Intereſt: All that is required from the People, is to be ſatisfied with whatever is done by the Government, to pay an implicite Obedience to all Edicts from the Throne, and never to enquire into the Actions C9r 41 Actions of the Miniſters: In all things elſe, the Hypotofans enjoy a profound Liberty.

That Ypre, which inſpires the Luſt of arbitrary Sway, now twiſted its envenom’d Tail round the Heart of Eovaai; and, in an inſtant, eraſed all the Maxims the wiſe Eojaeu had endeavoured to eſtablisſh there: ſo eaſy is it for the beſt Natures to be perverted, when Example rouſes up the Sparks of ſome darling Inclination. She deſpiſed the Leſſons of her Youth; looked on it as a Meanneſs of Spirit, to ſtudy for the Good of Inferiors; and conſidering Subjects as Slaves, thought it the juſt Prerogative of the Monarch, to diſpoſe at pleaſure all their Lives and Properties. As ſhe was in this little Reſvery, the Doors flew open, and the King appeared, ſeated on a Throne, blazing with Jewels brought from all Parts of the habitable Earth; the ſervile Throng immediately fell proſtrate, crying with one Voice, Long live Oeros, and his great Miniſter Ochihatou. This Salutation his Majeſty returned with a little declining of his Head, in token of Approbation; for ſince his receiving the enchanted Feather from Ochihatou, he had not opened his Lips to any Subject but himſelf. Then the Courtiers retired, and the Lover of Eovaai preſented her to the King in a manner, which ſecuredcured C9v 42 cured her a Reception every way flattering to her now high-rais’d Ambition.

A magnificent Collation was ſerved in by Waiters, habited like Children of the Sun; and Eovaai being placed on the right hand of the Throne, and Ochihatou on the left, they fell into thoſe entertaining Converſations, which revive decaying Appetite, and give Luxury a ſecond Courſe, after the Calls of Nature have been ſatiated with the firſt. Ochihatou told ſo many pleaſant Stories, that the King laugh’d exceſſively, and the fair Gueſt was tranſported with the Wit and Humour of her Lover.

The Repaſt over, all the great Courtiers of both Sexes were admitted, and having placed themſelves, according to their Ranks, on Seats erected on each ſide the Room; the middle was immediately filled up with a great number of Men, Women, and Children, who, ſome by ſinging, ſome by dancing, and others by a Variety of humorous Poſtures and laſcivious Jeſts, which they before had ſtudied, but ſeemed to ſpeak Extempore, gave great Diverſion to this illuſtrious Company. This Entertainment ended, and the Performers withdrawn, the Noblemen, who had all this time been toying with the Ladies, roſe up, and every one C10r 43 one ſingling out his favourite Fair, formed a kind of antick Dance. Ochihatou taking Eovaai by the Hand, would needs have her mingle with them: She at firſt excuſed herſelf as being no Proficient in the Art; but he would not be denied: and as ſhe could do nothing which had not in it a peculiar Grace, the Sweetneſs of her Motions, join’d to the Liberties the Example of others ſeem’d to authorize him to take with her, added new Fires to his already too much enflam’d Boſom. Over theſe Revels the Ypre of looſe Deſires preſided: All Senſe of Shame, all Modeſty was baniſhed thence; not a Man but diſcovered himſelf ready to raviſh what his kind Partner ſhewed an equal Propenſity to grant; they ran, they flew into each other’s Arms, and exchanged ſuch Kiſſes, as the chaſte Reader can have no Idea of. And the Princeſs of Ijaveo having now loſt all that could be a Curb to Nature, ſcrupled not to do as ſhe beheld others of her Sex; and great Part of the Aſſembly going out in Pairs, ſuffered herſelf to be drawn by the impatient Ochihatou into a Garden behind the Palace; where, as they walked, he entertained her with the moſt paſſionate Diſcourſes, interſperſed with others, which ſerved as Baits for her Ambition. Oeros, ſaid he, is old; he is without Children, or any immediate Succeſſor. Whenever C10v 44 Whenever he dies, the Meaſures I have taken, will infallibly make the Crown devolve on me; it will then be in my power to reduce your rebellious Subjects, and Hypotofa and Ijaveo united, will form one of the greateſt Empires in the World. What Wives I have, though the Cuſtom of this Country allows as many as we pleaſe, I will be divorced from, and the Divine Eovaai ſhall reign ſole and abſolute Queen of my Soul, and all its Faculties, as well as of the adoring Nations. The former Part of theſe Inſinuations ſeemed ſo probable to the deluded Princeſs, and her Vanity ſo enſnared her into a Belief of the latter, that ſhe liſtned to all he ſaid with a kind of Rapture; and ſo much had his Artifices debilitated her Reaſon, and lull’d aſleep all Principles of Virtue in her Mind, that ſhe neither felt, nor affected any Reluctance to be led by him into a Place, the Gloom and Privacy of which might have been ſufficient to let her know for what Ends it was deſigned.

It was a thick Grove, where all the different Fragrancies of Nature ſeemed aſſembled: The Trees which compoſed it being Cinnamon, intermixed with Roſes, Honey-ſuckles, Oranges, and the fineſt Limes in the World. Camomile, Balm, and C11r 45 and Tanſy, ſpread themſelves beneath their Feet, becoming ſtill more ſweet by preſſing. A Bank covered with Violets, Pinks, Daiſies, and every Flower which crowns the Spring, aſſiſted the Invitation Ochihatou made the Princeſs to recline herſelf a while on this delectable Seat. ’Tis in Shades like theſe, ſaid he, that true Felicity is only to be found. The Pomp of Grandeur, when ſeated on a glittering Car, the Rival of the Sun in Brightneſs, and at once the Envy and Adoration of the inferior World, tho’ it exalts the Mind, and makes us think ourſelves of a different Species from the gazing Crowd, is far from affording thoſe ſweet Tranſports which Love and ſoft Receſs beſtow. An elevated Station is therefore chiefly to be deſired, as it is a Sanction to all our Actions, indulges the Gratification of each luxurious Wiſh, and gives a Privilege, not only of doing, but alſo of glorying in thoſe things which are criminal and ſhameful in the Vulgar: ―― Bound by no Laws, ſubjected by no Fears, we give a Looſe to all the gay Delights of Senſe; and, if like the wandering Stars, our Motions ſeem a little irregular to thoſe beneath, the Wonder we occaſion but ſerves to add to our Contentment.

With ſuch-like Diſcourſes, he brought her to believe, that every thing was Virtue in C11v 46 in the Great, and Vice confined to thoſe in low Life. As there is no Sentiment more flattering to human Nature, than that of being above Controul; there requires but few Arguments to convince us of what we wiſh. Eovaai, in an Inſtant, became ſo wholly abandon’d to this pernicious Docctrine, that ſhe thought all the Time loſt, which ſhe had ſpent in endeavouring to ſubdue her Paſſions, and the Pains ſhe had been at for that purpoſe, an Injuſtice to herſelf. ―― Not all the Principles of Religion and Morality, given her by Eojaeu, not a long Habitude of Virtue, nor the natural Modeſty of her Sex, had power to ſtem the Torrent of Libertiniſm, that now o’er-whelm’d her Soul. To live without Reſtraint, is to live indeed, cry’d ſhe, and I no longer wonder, that the free Mind finds it ſo difficult to yield to thoſe Fetters, Prieſts and Philoſophers would bind it in, and which were never forged by, nor are conſiſtent with Reaſon. ―― Reaſon bids us aim at Happineſs, and can it be Happineſs to waſte our Days in denying ourſelves the Bleſſings we were formed to enjoy, to ſupport a continual Conflict in our Boſoms, between our Deſires of Pleaſure and the Mortification of them. No, from henceforth I renounce all Rules but thoſe preſcribed by 2 C12r 47 by my own Will ―― all Law, but Inclination.

There needed no more to make Ochihatou aſſure himſelf of obtaining, one day, all he could deſire; but the Policy of his Love, as well as the Impatience, forbid him to let ſlip a Moment ſo favourable as the preſent: Time and Conſideration might poſſibly return her to her firſt Principles; nothing was to be riſqu’d in ſuch a Circumſtance; and a Lover, infinitely leſs violent, wou’d ſcarce have refrained the Gratification of his Paſſion, even tho’ ſhe had put on a more reſiſting Air than ſhe was now capable of. His Vanity, however, ſuggeſting to him the Hopes of a full Conſent, he repeated thoſe Efforts on her Chaſtity, which, in the morning, ſhe had, with ſuch ſeeming Severity, reprimanded; but the Caſe was now entirely altered: Nor will it be thought ſtrange it ſhou’d be ſo, by any who gives himſelf the trouble of reflecting on the Situation of this unhappy and perverted Princeſs.

She was young, and full of all thoſe tender Languiſhments, which, to keep within due Bounds, ſtand in need of the utmoſt Exertion of thoſe Principles ſhe had now thrown off: To heighten this Propenſityſity C12v 48 ſity of Nature every thing had conſpired: Rich Viands, delicious Wines, Muſick, Dancing, Dalliance, and, above all, the ardent Preſſures of a Man, whom if ſhe cou’d not be ſaid to love, ſhe infinitely liked. After ſuch Excitements, the Sweetneſs and Privacy of the Receſs they were in, could not fail of inſpiring her with that diſſolving Softneſs which Ochihatou wiſhed to find in her; he ſaw the melting Paſſion diſplay itſelf a thouſand different ways; her ſhining Eyes ſwam in a Sea of Languor: her roſy Cheeks received a livelier and more freſh Vermillion: Dimples before unſeen, wantoned about her Lips: her Boſom heav’d more quick: a ſweet Confuſion reigned in every Part: the tranſported Lover ſnatch’d her to his Breaſt, printed unnumbered Kiſſes on her Lips, then held her off to feaſt his Eyes upon her yielding Charms: Beauties which till then he knew but in Idea, her treacherous Robes too looſly girt revealed: his eager Hands were Seconds to his Sight, and travell’d over all; while ſhe, in gentle Sighs and faultering Accents, confeſſed ſhe received a Pleaſure not inferior to that ſhe gave. There wanted ſo little of her Ruin, that one can only ſay, it was not quite compleated; but the Prevention of it being brought about by other Events, no leſs worthy of Remark, we muſt quit her and Hypo- D1r 49 Hypotofa for a while, and ſee what Miſchiefs were occaſioned in Countries far diſtant from it, by the Wickedneſs of ambitious and unſatiable Man.

The Hiſtory of Yximilla; and the Motives which drew on the long War in Ginkſy, that by degrees ſpread it ſelf over great Part of the World.

Yximilla aſcended the Throne of Ginkſy, after the Death of her Father Proōtoobi: She was a Lady of uncommon Perfections, and from her Youth had loved and been beloved by Yamatalallabec, a Native of that Country, and a Prince whom all the manly Graces ſeem’d to vye with each other, in rendring the moſt accompliſh’d of his Time. The Conformity of their Tempers firſt created a mutual Reſpect, which, by ſwift degrees, increas’d, till it grew into a more tender Paſſion; but the Laws of Ginkſy not permitting the Heir of the Crown, much leſs the Perſon in actual Poſſeſſion of it, to marry without the Conſent of D the D1v50 the People, caſt an Impediment in their way to Happineſs, which not all the Valour of the one, nor the Conſtancy of the other, was able to ſurmount.

Not that the Ginkſyans had any Reaſons to alledge againſt the Choice their Queen openly made of him: On the contrary, his Virtues had rendered him no leſs reverenced by the whole Nation, than endear’d to her: He was perhaps the only Perſon in the World, of whom no body ſpoke ill; and even thoſe who were prevailed upon by Avarice and Ambition, to oppoſe his Intereſt, cou’d not in their hearts approve of what they did; and afterwards had, without all queſtion, come over to his ſide, if other Difficulties, then unforeſeen, had not aroſe, to render a Declaration in his favour deſtructive to themſelves, and not in the leaſt ſerviceable to him.

Broscomin, the Sovereign of a petty Principality, had long aimed at being the Husband of Yximilla, or rather the King of Ginkſy; for his whole Conduct teſtified it was not the Woman, but the Crown ſhe wore, with which he was enamoured: To back his Pretenſions, he had the Intereſt of Oudeſcar, King of Habulbul,D2r51 bul, whoſe Tributary and Creature he was: This powerful Monarch it was, who partly by Promiſes, partly by Threats, had influenced ſome few of the Ginkſyan Lords to proteſt againſt the Marriage of Yamatalallabec with Yximilla, in order to impede the Completion of it, and give him time to raiſe an Army, which ſhou’d enforce that Princeſs to receive Broſcomin. In this unjuſt Enterprize joined Tygrinonniple, Queen of the Icinda’s, a Woman every way qualified to govern a great People, and might have made as amiable as conſpicuous a Figure in Hiſtory, had ſhe been leſs implacable in her Hate, or fierce in her Reſentments. In a word, had ſhe been more, or leſs a Woman; but ſhe had all the Malice of her Sex, without any of the Softneſs: Compaſſion was a Stranger to her Nature, unleſs inſtigated by Favour; no Misfortunes, no Calamities of a Foe cou’d excite it in her: She took the ſame Pleaſure in revenging the ſlighteſt Injuries, as in retaliating the greateſt Benefits; both equally gratified her darling Paſſion of making known her Power. ――But her Behaviour in relation to the Affairs of Ginkſy, will better delineate her Character, than any Deſcription can be given of it.

D2 An D2v 52

An old Spleen ſhe had a long time bore to Yamatalallabec, on account of his Friendſhip with a Perſon at enmity with her, tho’ he had never aſſiſted him in any Deſigns againſt her, made her gladly enter into the Meaſures Oudeſcar had taken for the Eſtabliſhment of his Favourite; and before Yximilla had any warning of her Danger, the Forces of theſe two potent Princes poured down upon her Kingdom. Yamatalallabec was not idle in the defence of his Country and his own Pretenſions; he gathered together, he diſciplined, he harangued the Ginkſyan Troops, and knowing how vaſtly unequal they were to the Enemy in Number, implored the Aſſiſtance of Oſiphronoropho King of Fayoul, with whom he had long lived in the ſtricteſt Amity, and who at that time was one of the moſt powerful Princes in the World.

This Monarch, who took more pride in ſuccouring the Diſtreſs’d, than in the vaſt Extent of his Dominions, cou’d not refuſe what was deſired of him, on ſuch reaſonable Motives as that of relieving a Kingdom from its moſt cruel Foes, and giving to a Woman and a Queen that Liberty of chuſing a Husband for herſelf, which the meaneſt of her SubjectsjectsD3r53 jects enjoyed. He enter’d with vigour into the War, and cauſed alſo ſeveral other Princes his Allies to do the ſame; but Ginkſy being at too great a diſtance to ſend the whole Body of the Army thither, they marched into Habul, part of which lay not many Leagues from Fayoul, in order to oblige Oudeſcar to recall his Forces for the defence of his own Territories. This Deſign had the wiſh’d Effect; but brought not the leaſt Advantage to the People for whoſe ſake it had been form’d; the dreadful Banners of Tygrinonniple being ſtill diſplayed upon their Borders, and her Army reinforced by Numbers not at all inferior to thoſe that were withdrawn.

These were the Methods taken by Broſcomin, for the Attainment of his Ends; and as they were ſo contrary to thoſe of the Paſſion he profeſs’d, muſt naturally turn the Diſlike Yximilla before had for him, into the moſt fixed Averſion, and excite an Abhorrence in all thoſe Princes who were not moved by Principles of Self-Intereſt, or partial Favour, to eſpouſe his Cauſe. Thoſe of the Ginkſyan Lords, who by his Artifices, and the Promiſes of Oudeſcar, had been wrought upon to oppoſe Yamatalallabec, now ſaw their Error, but too late repented of it; D3 and D3v54 and finding no Means of Safety even for themſelves and Families, but by publickly joining with thoſe whoſe Deſigns they before had ſecretly carried on, went over to the ſtrongeſt Party: The ſame Timidity made others leſs criminal follow their Example; and Yximilla, being deſerted by ſome even of thoſe whom ſhe moſt confided in, beheld her fruitful Plains laid waſte by their own Lords, her Cities depopulated, her Fortreſſes, her Palaces, her ſtately Temples levell’d with the Earth, by thoſe whoſe Hands had help’d to rear them. Yet did not all this Miſery, this direful Scene of Ruin, once ſhake her Reſolution: She remain’d conſtant to her firſt Vows, and was determined to periſh with her Kingdom, rather than yield herſelf to the injurious Broſcomin.

Seven hundred and ſeventy ſeven times had the great Eye of the Univerſe waked and repoſed on the Slaughter of the loyal Ginkſyans, before the ſad Deciſion was made in favour of Cruelty and Ambition; but at laſt the Lot was caſt, the Arms of Tygrinonniple gain’d an entire Victory, Yximilla was taken Priſoner, and the brave unfortunate Yamatalallabec, oppreſs’d by Numbers, was compell’d to fly, for the Preſervation of a Life, which wasD4r55 was no longer dear to him, but in the hope it might one day, in ſpite of the preſent Misfortunes, be of ſervice to his infinitely dearer Queen and Country.

To attempt any Deſcription of the Sorrows of Yximilla in this dreadful Situation, wou’d be too tedious; and beſides, all that cou’d be ſaid wou’d be little expreſſive of what ſhe felt: It muſt therefore be left to the Reader’s Imagination, when he ſhall be made acquainted with the Manner in which ſhe was treated in her Captivity.

When firſt ſhe was preſented to Tygrinonniple, Well Yximilla, ſaid that imperious Princeſs, I hope you now repent of your late Errors, and are ready to ſubmit to what thoſe, who know your real Intereſt much better than yourſelf, have decreed for you? If I have been guilty of any Errors, reply’d the Ginkſyan Queen with a becoming Majeſty, ’tis to the World above alone, I ought to be accountable; and while I remember what I am, ſhall never regulate my Conduct by the Will of any Power on Earth. You ſpeak as you were ſtill upon a Throne, rejoin’d the other ſcornfully: Enjoy while you may this imaginaryD4 nary D4v56 nary Dignity of Mind; Time and conſtrain’d Obedience will abate this Pride. Yximilla was about to make ſome Anſwer to this Inſult, but was prevented by Broſcomin, who came that Inſtant into the Room, and with an affected Humility accoſted her in theſe Terms: Madam, ſaid he, ſince the immortal The Commentator obſerves, that there is nothing more common than for People to aſcribe the Succeſs of their Purpoſes, of whatever kind, to the Favour of the Gods; tho’, perhaps, permitted them for very different Ends than what they imagine themſelves, or would have others. Gods have declared, by the Succeſs they have given my Arms, that it is their Pleaſure I ſhould enjoy the Sovereignty of Ginkſy, and a much greater Happineſs in the lovely Yximilla, I cannot doubt your Readineſs to comply, and ſhall therefore order the neceſſary Preparations for our Marriage and Coronation.―― He would perhaps have added ſomething farther, having aſſumed an Air of Tenderneſs for that purpoſe, if Yximilla, who was deprived of all her Stock of Patience, at the ſight of him, had not interrupted his Proceeding. If any thing, cry’d ſhe, with an Air of Indignation, could heighten that Averſion your odious Pretenſions, andD5r 57 and the Meaſures by which you have purſued them, has kindled in my Soul, this preſent Impiety would do it. ―― How dar’ſt thou, continued ſhe, raiſing her Voice beyond its accuſtom’d Pitch, impute the Deſtruction thou haſt brought on an unhappy and defenceleſs Nation, to any Merit in thyſelf or Favour of the Gods? No, ’tis the Tranſgreſſions of the People have incurr’d their Vengeance, and thou art the Scourge appointed to inflict it. — But as for me, believe not I will be ever wrought upon to countenance thy Tyranny. ―― Triumph, while ’tis permitted thee, over ruin’d Ginkſy—Reign King of Miſery and Wretchedneſs―― Yet know the divine Suppoſed to be that Power in later Times call’d Aſtrea. Kinwallah, from her celeſtial Dwelling, ſees, and, in due time, will quell thy Arrogance and Cruelty; till then, be aſſured, that Yximilla regards thee with a Contempt, which nothing but her Hate can equal.

Here ſhe concluded, and turned from him with a Look which ſhewed ſhe meant much more than ſhe was able to expreſs. Broſcomin ſtood motionleſs, and had his Eyes fixed on Earth all the time D5ſhe D5v 58 ſhe was ſpeaking, the Force of her juſt Reproaches had ſtruck him to the Soul: ’tis poſſible, that in this moment he felt ſomething like Remorſe, but wanting Virtue to repent, was ſoon emboldned by the Fierceneſs of Tygrinonniple. You uſe with too much Gentleneſs, ſaid ſhe, the Wretch by Heaven and Earth given to you for a Slave; but I have that will bend her ſtubborn Heart. In ſpeaking theſe laſt Words, ſhe made a Sign to the Guards, who, having received Orders before in what manner they ſhould behave, immediately ſeized on the unhappy Princeſs, and carried her to a Dungeon, which had no other Light than juſt enough to ſhew the Horror of it. There was ſhe ſtript of all her Regal Ornaments, and in their ſtead her delicate Limbs loaded with maſſy and corroſive Fetters. What Suſtenance ſhe received was Scraps from the Table of her cruel Perſecutors, brought to her by the Hands of Men, whoſe very Aſpect was ſufficient to ſtrike Terror in any Heart leſs reſolute than her’s; but ſhe appeared ſo far from being daunted, that even in this deplorable Situation the Majeſty of her Deportment inſpired thoſe, who had the Care of her, with a Reverence, which rendered them ſcarce capable of executing the Commands of theirD6r 59 their unrelenting Miſtreſs. The truth is, Yamatalallabec ſo took up all her Thoughts, that ſhe had no leiſure to reflect on any Calamities which related immediately to herſelf: for him alone ſhe trembled; for him alone ſhe offer’d up her Vows; and the Dangers to which ſhe knew he muſt neceſſarily be expoſed, were all the Ideas of her waking or her ſleeping Hours. It is a Tradition credited by many, that the Conſtancy and Patience with which ſhe ſupported this miſerable Bondage, gave more pain to Tygrinonniple and Broſcomin, than their moſt ſtudied Malice could inflict on her. However that be, perceiving all their Severities were unavailing, they had recourſe to other Means. They removed her from that loathſome Priſon to a handſome Apartment in the Palace, they placed Women about her for Attendants; the Guards waited at an humble Diſtance, nothing but Liberty was denied her. Tygrinonniple ſent Compliments to her befitting one Princeſs to another; and Broſcomin viſited her with all the Obſequiouſneſs of the moſt reſpectful Lover. But her Soul, which had ſo magnanimouſly ſtood the Shocks of Cruelty, was alſo too well guarded againſt the Inſinuations of Flattery, for this ſudden Change in D6their D6v 60 their Behaviour, to work any Alteration in her Sentiments. She looked on their Inſults and Civilities with a like Indifference, and ſcorning to imitate them in Diſſimulation, declared by all her Words and Actions, that ſhe was ſtill the ſame, and ever would be ſo.

The natural Haughtineſs of Tygrinonniple, and the Impatience of Broſcomin, to ſee himſelf confirmed on the Throne of Ginkſy, would ſuffer neither of them to remain long in this Uncertainty; and the Meſſages of the one, nor the perſonal Addreſſes of the other, having been able to draw no Anſwer from the Mouth of Yximilla ſuitable to their purpoſe, they reſolved to put an end to the Affair by other means.

They gave Orders that the chief Temple ſhould be illuminated, the ſacred The Branch of a certain Tree, feigned to be the firſt Thing created, and was always held over the Kings of Ginkſy during the Ceremony of their Marriage. Some believe it to have been Myrtle; others Palm, as the one is the Emblem of Love, the other of Peace; but Hahehihotu imagines it rather a Plant, unknown in the preſent State of Nature. Bough brought forth, the SacrificeficeD7r 61 fice prepared, and the Prieſts ready at the Altar; then went together to the Apartment of Yximilla, who having no Warning of their Approach, was a little ſurprized at ſight of them; but ſuſpecting, that there was ſome fatal Meaning in this joint Viſit, ſummoned all her Courage for the Event. Princeſs, ſaid Tygrinonniple, the little Gratitude you have ſhewn for the Lenity with which you have been lately treated, makes us know, you have a Soul as incapable of Tenderneſs, as it is of Diſcernment; but you have been ſtrangely deceived in your Conjectures, if you imagine our Determinations are to be altered or prevented by ſo perverſe and ſenſeleſs an Obſtinacy.――No, we are weary of entreating, where we may command, and come now not to ask but to compel. ――You muſt this Inſtant give yourſelf to the King. No Words can give any juſt Idea of that Scorn with which Yximilla turned her Eyes on Broſcomin at theſe Words; and then, He may indeed, reply’d ſhe, aſſume the Pageantry of that Title, but never can poſſeſs the real Dignity, ſince that muſt be conferred by me alone: which when I do, may Heaven, and all good Things, forſake me, and I have as little hope in the eternal Eos, as the Injuſtice of Mankind hasD7v 62 has left me here on Earth. Words are but vain, rejoin’d Tygrinonniple, and made a Signal to her Guards to ſeize on her; but Broſcomin ſomewhat more mild, or affecting to be ſo, interpoſed, and taking her gently in his Arms, Madam, ſaid he, you ought not to condemn what is the Effects of the moſt ardent Paſſion. ――Too well I love to ſupport a longer Delay; therefore, I beſeech you, to reſign willingly that Hand you ſee I have the power to force. Nor Force, nor Fraud, cry’d Yximilla, ſtruggling, has power to move a Mind diſdainful of your pretended Paſſion, as of your experienc’d Barbarity. Then, Madam, reply’d Broſcomin, ſullenly, I ſhall waſte no farther Time in attacking ſo impregnable a Fortreſs: this unconquerable Mind ſhall be left to its own liberty; and I muſt content myſelf with the means which more indulgent Heaven has given me of becoming Maſter of your more defenceleſs Part. He ſaid no more, but permitting the Guards to lay hold on her, ſhe was forcibly carried to a Chariot, in which being placed between Tygrinonniple and Broſcomin, and ſurrounded by a great number of armed Men, and preceded by loud Muſick of various kinds, neither her Shrieks, nor any other Token of the DiſtractionD8r 63 Diſtraction ſhe was in, was regarded as they paſſed along.

Being arrived at the Temple of the All thoſe Books which contained the Articles of the Ginkſyan Faith being loſt in the Converſion of Earth into Paradiſe, for the Reception of Adam, the Cabal found themſelves unable to determine what Gods they worſhip’d; but look’d on this Misfortune as a Proof of the Fallacy of their Religion, ſince had they entertained any Notions of a true Divinity, ſome of thoſe Volumes by one Miracle or other had doubtleſs been preſerved. Seven Great Gods, ſhe was rather dragg’d than led up to the Altar, where ſtood the Chief Prieſt ready to receive her at the Head of his venerable Band. At ſight of him a Dawn of Hope began to beam once more upon her: That holy Man had been Witneſs of her Contract with Yamatalallabec, had always encouraged her to keep it unviolated, and had teſtified himſelf a thouſand ways one of the greateſt Admirers of that Prince’s Virtues. As ſhe had a long Experience of his Principles, and knew he had an entire Command over the Inferior Officiates at the Altar, ſhe imagined he neither would perform the dreadful Ceremony of giving her to Broſcomin, himſelf, nor ſuffer them to do it; and as ſoon as ſhe came near enoughD8v 64 enough to be heard by him; Father, ſaid ſhe, you behold here your wretched Queen, dragg’d by inhumane Violence to be diſpos’d of, contrary to her Inclinations, and to the Vows you have heard her make. Eſpouſe her Cauſe, I conjure you, by your ſacred Order, by all thoſe Gods whoſe Repreſentative on Earth you are, and by that Genius under whoſe Protection this Kingdom heretofore has flouriſh’d. ―― Confirm not the Title of Tyranny and Uſurpation, nor pour the hallowed Unction on the Head of the Oppreſſor, the Undoer of your Country; but rather denounce the Woes his wild Ambition merits, and make him tremble at enſuing Fate.

Thus with ſtreaming Eyes, and Accents which might have melted the moſt inexorable Heart, did this unhappy Princeſs enforce a Suit, ſhe thought there was but little cauſe to urge, to one ſo much reſolved as he had ever ſeemed: But, alas! ſhe too ſoon found what wicked Power can do, and ſaw in him a great and ſad Example of human Frailty. This ſaint-like Man, this Herald of the Gods, this Dictator to the Souls of a whole People, worn out by a ſevere Captivity, and terrified with the Proſpect of a ſtill worſeD9r 65 worſe Treatment, had aſſured Tygrinonniple and Broſcomin of his Readineſs to perform whatever they enjoin’d; and as he expected no leſs from the Courage and Conſtancy of Yximilla, than what ſhe now expreſſed, was prepared with Arguments for his Excuſe: He told her, that he had received a Mandate from above;—That it was the Will of the Celeſtial World, Broſcomin ſhould be King, and by no other Method of proceeding Ginkſy could be reſtored to Peace. He added, no Man had a more true Regard for the Perſon and good Qualities of Yamatalallabec than himſelf, but muſt ſubmit to the ſupreme Beings, who had revealed to him in Viſions their Decrees in favour of the other; and therefore he deſired ſhe would conform her Sentiments accordingly, and not attempt any Diſturbance of the Sacred Rites. He might have ſpared this laſt Remonſtrance; for Yximilla perceiving herſelf ſo cruelly deceived in the only Refuge ſhe had flatter’d herſelf with, was immediately deprived of all her Spirits, and fell motionleſs, and in a Swoon, at the Foot of the Altar.

Broscomin raiſed her, and ſupported her between his Arms, while the High Prieſt, taking this Opportunity ofD9v 66 of the Abſence of her Senſes, pronounc’d the myſtic Words which indiſſolubly united her to the Man ſhe moſt abhor’d. Their Heads were ſhadowed with the ſacred Bough; the Suppoſed to be the Gum of the Tree beforementioned, and uſed in Marriages as a Type of that cloſe Union, which ought to be between the Hearts of the Perſons, by this Cement of their Hands. conſecrated Balſam rubbed upon their Hands, and all the Solemnities of Marriage nigh perform’d before this unhappy Queen return’d to a Condition of knowing what had happened; and when ſhe did, in vain were all Proteſts, her Cries, or Imprecations. She was born back to the Palace in the ſame manner ſhe had been brought thence, and put into Bed; where, in ſpite of all her Oppoſition, ſhe became the raviſhed Bride of the triumphant Broſcomin.

The Hardſhips all this while endured by the virtuous and moſt accompliſh’d Yamatalallabec, were little inferior to thoſe of his dear Miſtreſs, and ſuch as to ſupport with Patience and Fortitude proved him more the Hero than all the Battles he had fought. To eſcape the cloſe Purſuit made after him in his Flight, he was conſtrain’d to experience VarietyD10r 67 Variety of Climates and of Dangers. Sometimes, thro’ trackleſs Deſarts, he made his painful Marches; ſometimes, in ſtrange Diſguiſes, thro’ the Camps of his moſt inveterate Enemies; now climbing Hills of Ice, then panting, and almoſt breathleſs, on Sands; ſcorched with eternal Heat; one while conceal’d in Fens, another plung’d in mighty This wou’d entirely overthrow all that ſome late Writers have endeavoured to prove, that there was no Sea before the Flood which happened in the Days of Noah, if the Cabal, in their Annotations, had not made it appear, that the Earth received as great a Change before Adam, as it can have done ſince; but of that I have ſufficiently made mention, in the Introduction to this Book. Waters, whence his own nervous Arms alone bore him to a leſs inhoſpitable Shore; did Heaven, long unrelenting, behold this great, this excellent Prince; till, having made ſufficient Trial of his Courage and Reſignation, it at length directed him to take ſhelter in Bazzuli. The King thereof was brave, warlike, generous and juſt; and tho’ (as Monarchs are not always permitted to act according to their Inclinations) the Intereſt of his People had obliged him to remain neuter in this War, he truly lamentedmentedD10v 68 mented the Miſeries of Ginkſy, deteſted the Injuſtice of Tygrinonniple, and the Ambition of Broſcomin, and had the higheſt Eſteem for Yamatalallabec: which growing ſtill greater by the Knowledge of his Misfortunes, and the Manner he had ſupported himſelf under them, he received him as a Brother and a King, eſtabliſhed a Court for him, and omitted nothing which he thought might be any kind of Conſolation.

There was he, from day to day, informed by Couriers diſpatched for that purpoſe, of all the Particulars of Yximilla ’s Captivity, and at length her forced Marriage: All which he bore with the Anguiſh of a Lover, but with the Reſignation alſo of a Philoſopher, and a Man wholly devoted to the Will of the Gods. But it was remarkable, that what not all the Woes of his Queen and Country had been able to draw from him, the The Prieſthood of thoſe Days ſo well maintain’d the Dignity of their Character, by a Sanctity of Manners, and Contempt of all temporary Things, that it was looked upon as a Prodigy, when any of them had been prevail’d upon, either by Promiſes or Threats, to act againſt the Dictates of his Conſcience. InfidelitytyD11r 69 ty of the High Prieſt extorted. O ye immortal Beings! cried he with a deep Sigh, and ſmiting his Breaſt when the Tidings were reported to him, who ſhall believe your Truth, when the great Oracle of your Diſpenſations makes it a Merit in us to be falſe!

While theſe illuſtrious Lovers, in Climates far remote, were thus regretting, more than their own, the Misfortunes of each other, Oudeſcar was not without his ſhare of the ill Conſequences of a War he had ſo unjuſtly commenced, the Arms of Oſiphronoropho pierced even to the Heart of Habul. Several fine Provinces were taken, and divided among thoſe Powers who had aſſiſted the Fayoulian Monarch in his Conqueſts; his antient Allies made Excuſes for refuſing him the Succours he deſired of them; and ſome, even of his own Tributaries, ſuch as the Princes of Laglah, Mizba, and Zalma, but trifled with his Diſtreſs. Tygrinonniple, extending her Hate to all who took the part of Yamatalallabec, indeed remain’d firm to the Engagements ſhe had made with him; but as her Dominions were at a great diſtance, the Forces ſhe ſent arrived not till too late, to prevent his being wellnigh over-run by the numerous and impetuous Foe.

In 2 D11v 70

In ſuch a Situation, who can believe he wou’d not readily have liſtned to Propoſals of Peace, and choſe rather to have ſeen Yamatalallabec poſſeſs’d of Yximilla, and the Ginkſyan Crown, than himſelf deprived of that of Habul, had any Motion to that purpoſe been made? But Oſiphronoropho and his Allies, fluſh’d with repeated Victories, ſeem’d now to have forgot the firſt Occaſion of the War, or the Motives which induced them to take Arms. Ambition, and that Thirſt of Power which is the Itch comes nearer to the Original; but the Word was rejected, on account of its being too groſs. Plague of Sovereignty, turn’d all their Thoughts on enlarging their own Territories; nor cou’d the Tears of Yximilla, or the preſſing Inſtances of Yamatalallabec, obtain more than a verbal Aſſurance, that when Habul was entirely reduced, their Wiſhes ſhould be accompliſh’d.

Nothing could be more plain, than that Oſiphonoropho, and The moſt powerful of all the Princes in league with Oſiphronoropho. Fanharridin King of Narzada, had laid a Scheme for engroſſing univerſal MonarchychyD12r 71 chy between them; and this made the Politick of all Nations begin to look about them, and think it was time to put a ſtop to the Progreſs of Arms, which one day might be turned againſt themſelves.

None had greater reaſon for Apprehenſions of this kind than the Hypotofans; thoſe two powerful Princes having each of them, in their turns, given frequent Proofs, that they wanted but an Opportunity of invading that Kingdom: But Ochihatou, knowing the univerſal Hatred his Meaſures had incurred, wou’d not ſuffer the Army he ſo long had kept in Pay to depart; and thought it a leſs Evil to expoſe his King and Country to the Violence of a rapacious Conqueror and antient Enemy, than himſelf to the juſt Reſentment of a People he had injured. However, to prevent Oudeſcar from reſenting this Treatment, he pretended, that the Succours he required ſhou’d be ſent; but deſired leave firſt to try, if there was a Poſſibility of adjuſting the preſent Differences in an amicable Manner; and to that end, tho’ he very well knew nothing cou’d be more impracticable, enter’d into various Negotiations with the contending Powers: His Creatures were continually poſting from Court to Court, asD12v 72 as if ſome great Affair were carrying on; and one was no ſooner diſcovered to be fruitleſs, than he had another ready on the Carpet.

This Stratagem, for a while ſerved to amuſe the King of Habul, but cou’d not be of any long continuance; and finding himſelf in the extremeſt Neceſſity both of Men and Money, and the Rapidity with which his Foes purſued their Conqueſts, not in the leaſt abated by all that had been done; he ſent Orders to his Reſidentiary at the Court of Hypotofa, to demand the Aſſiſtance they had made him hope, in Terms which ſhou’d oblige Ochihatou to give a direct Anſwer: but that Miniſter was too artful for the Habulian, and ſtill found Evaſions to put him off, till Oudeſcar, thinking himſelf trifled with, remanded him home in a manner as wou’d admit of no delay. This Order, and his Preparations for quitting Hypotofa, happened in that very Point of time when Ochihatou had juſt brought the Princeſs of Ijaveo to grant all that luxuriant Love could ask: Zunzo knew where and to what end he had retired with her; but his Unwillingneſs to diſturb him in his Pleaſures, was obliged to give place to the Neceſſity which required it: He foreſaw theE1r 73 the Departure of the Ambaſſador muſt unavoidably occaſion a Breach between the Kings of Habul and Hypotofa, and conſequently, draw the Reſentment of both Nations on Ochihatou; he therefore haſted to the Grot, and found the Lovers in ſuch a Poſture, as aſſured him nothing cou’d be more unwelcome than this Intruſion. Ochihatou was at firſt all Fury; but the other no ſooner made him acquainted with the Cauſe, than his Reproaches were turn’d into Praiſes; he immediately quitted Eovaai, who choſe to remain in that agreeable Solitude, rather than be conducted to the Palace, and flew to the Habullian Stateſman, in order to put a ſtop, if poſſible, to his going.

The Princeſs of Ijaveo, now at liberty to give ſcope to Meditation, all the Particulars of her ſtrange Adventure were again acted over in Imagination; but when the Words ſpoke to her by the Spirit of Eojaeu, juſt before her being brought to Hypotofa, came into her mind: To what purpoſe, cried ſhe, did the Viſion enjoin Patience, Watchfulneſs, Reſolution? I ſee no occaſion for the Exerciſe of thoſe Virtues. Why was that Menace of enſuing Woes? What Unhappineſs have I endured in attaining the higheſt Happineſs Ea E1v 74 a Mortal can poſſeſs?――Am I not in Hypotofa, the Seat of Bliſs!—Is not Ochihatou all that can be wiſh’d in Man! and is he not mine, for ever mine! and gives he not with himſelf all other Pleaſures that can charm the Senſe, Power uncontroul’d, Wealth, Homage, Adoration.――O, if I ſtand in need of any of thoſe Leſſons taught me in Ijaveo, it’s Temperance to bear ſo vaſt a Surcharge of Delight, without ſuch Extaſies as might diſtract my Reaſon, and render me incapable of enjoying the glorious State allotted me by the Stars.

A Thouſand rapturous Ideas did her perverted Fancy, and the imaginary Felicity of her preſent Condition, excite in her; and ’tis uncertain to what Extravagancies they might not have tranſported her, had ſhe been permitted much longer to indulge them: but ſhort are the Joys which have not Virtue for their Guide, and laſting the Anxieties, when we too late are ſenſible of our Miſconduct. Thoſe warm Inclinations which the Behaviour of Ochihatou had raiſed, demanded Gratification; ſhe languiſhed for his return, and was beginning to feel The Cabal were at a loſs for the Authors Meaning in this Expreſſion; and having conſultedſulted ſulted the Ladies about it, were aſſured by them that the Sex is wholly free from any Inquietudes of that nature. As it would be unmannerly to doubt their Veracity in this Point, we muſt either believe it Malice in the Hiſtorian, or that the Women of thoſe times were of Conſtitutions very different from the preſent. ſuch Emotions, as mightE2r 75 might very well deſerve the Name of painful, when a ſudden Gloom obſcur’d thoſe Beams of the Sun, which before were here and there ſuffer’d to peep thro’ the Trees, and illuminate the Grot; and with this Darkneſs came a hollow ruſtling Wind, ſpreading a ſolemn Horror over all the Place. Eovaai was ſeized with an unuſual Chillneſs; ſhe trembled, tho’ ignorant why ſhe did ſo: but the Darkneſs laſting but a few Moments, a Stream of Light ſucceeded, not leſs glorious, but more moderate than the great Orb of Day, and preſented to her amazed Eyes, a Form altogether new, yet ſuch as excited more of Admiration than Affright. It ſeemed a Woman, but of a Stature far exceeding every thing in human Nature: She was neither ſo naked as to offend Decency, nor ſo habited as to conceal the fine Proportion of her Legs, her Arms, or Breaſt; a flowing Robe, which ſeemed borrowed from the Firmament, when no E2aſcendingE2v 76 aſcending Vapours ſully the azure Tincture, being all that mantled any Part: Hair, more ſhining than the pureſt Gold, fell in careleſs Ringlets o’er her Brow, and gave a neceſſary Shade to Eyes whoſe Luſtre wou’d elſe have been too divinely bright for Eovaai to have ſafely ſeen. Millions of glittering Atoms, ſuch as appear, when the in vain excluded Sun, thro’ ſome round Crevice, darts his Radiance, form’d a kind of Wreath, on which the heavenly Viſion ſeemed to ſtand, about ſome five Foot elevated from Earth. The aſtoniſhed Princeſs fell upon her Knees, but had not power to ſpeak, nor lift her Eyes, till a Voice, infinitely more harmonious than the ſofteſt Muſick, ſomewhat re-aſſured her in theſe Words:

Rise, Eovaai, unhappy happy Maid! ſaid the celeſtial Being, whom in ſpite of thy Inadvertency, and late Neglect of every ſacred Principle inſtilled into thy Youth, art yet too dear to the ſupream Powers, to be permitted to fall into that Deſtruction thou haſt ſeemed to covet.— Know, I am the Genii By this Name is ſignified Truth, according to the Cabal; but both the Commentator, and Hahehihotu are of opinion, that Mercy is more agreeable to the Original. Halafamai, Siſter ofE3r 77 of Aiou, the Protector of your Race, and ſent by him to ſave you from yourſelf, and thoſe deteſtable Ypres who have enſnared your Virtue. Therefore aſcend with me, continued ſhe, ſtooping to take her in her Arms, and ſee to whom, and what you were going to be abandon’d. While ſhe ſpoke, a Chariot drawn by Doves appeared above their Heads, into which the Genii lightly ſpringing with Eovaai, they ſhot quick as Thought over a Summer- Houſe, where Ochihatou was in conference with the Ambaſſador of Oudeſcar. There hanging ſuſpended between Æther and the groſſer Air, Take this, ſaid Halafamai, preſenting a ſmall Perſpective to the Princeſs, and behold your Lover as he really is: All Deluſions of the Ypres vaniſh before this ſacred Teleſcope, nor can even they themſelves, inviſible as they are to human Sight, eſcape detection by the Eye that looks through this: Nay, it has moreover this wondrous and peculiar Property, that, tho’ envelop’d with the Shades of Night, the viſual Ray becomes ſo ſtrengthned by it, that you ſee all as clearly as at Noon-day. Eovaai, who had not yet aſſum’d Courage enough to open her Lips, obeyed in ſilence; but that reverential Awe, which had hitherto obſtructed the Paſſage of her Words, now E3ſubſidedE3v 78 ſubſided at the more poignant and inſtantaneous Emotions of Horror and Surprize. She not only ſaw Ochihatou as ſhe had ſeen him in Ijaveo, crooked, deformed, diſtorted in every Limb and Feature, but alſo encompaſſed with a thouſand hideous Forms, which ſat upon his Shoulders, clung round his Hands, his Legs, and ſeem’d to dictate all his Words and Geſtures. Oh, all ye Rulers of Earth, Sea and Air, cried ſhe, what dreadful Viſion is this? ’Tis not a Viſion, anſwer’d Halafamai, but the real Perſon of Ochihatou, and thoſe the Ypres to whom he is devoted, and at whoſe Inſtigation Rapes, Murders, Maſſacres, Treaſons, all Acts which tend to univerſal Ruin, are committed by him. Can it be poſſible! reſumed the Princeſs, turning her Eyes from ſo offenſive an Object, and at the ſame time gave a great Sigh, either to eaſe her Heart from the Pain it received from her late Fright, or that the Pleaſure ſhe had experienced in loving, and being beloved by the ſeemingly agreeable Ochihatou, made her endure this forced Conviction of her Error with Reluctance. She wou’d have return’d the Glaſs, but the Genii bid her keep it. Things in this World are ſo little what they appear, ſaid ſhe, that you will have ſufficient Occaſion to make uſe ofE4r 79 of it, with People of all Profeſſions and Degrees: By this alone you can be able to diſtinguiſh the Hypocrite from the Saint, the Betrayer of his Country from the Patriot, the Fool from the Politician, the Libertine from the Prieſt, the Coward from the Brave, or the Foe from the pretended Friend: By this alone you can be perſerv’d from falling the Victim of Deceit, which waits in every Shape, and every State, to lure the Unwary to Perdition. But it’s time, continued ſhe, we leave this Place, leſt the Magician ſhould practiſe Arts for the detaining you, too ſtrong for all the friendly Genii to oppoſe. She had no ſooner ſpoke theſe Words, than the wing’d Charioteers took their flight; and immediately brought them to a huge uncultivated Plain, where neither Tree nor Shrub was to be ſeen: No Cattle browz’d, nor cheerful Bird ſought Food on the inhoſpitable Wild; but, far as the Eye cou’d reach, rough craggy Stones, and parch’d up Sands, confeſs’d a barren Soil, and an inclement Clime. Alas! cried Eovaai, what diſmal Country are we now upon? That which you lately term’d the Seat of Bliſs, replied Halafamai, you ſtill are in Hypotofa; nor ought you to think it ſtrange, that the private Luxury you have been witneſs of, ſhou’d E4occaſionE4v 80 occaſion publick Miſery. Theſe now unfruitful Lands, not many ages ſince, produced every Neceſſary for the ſupport of Man; but Pride and Idleneſs having ſpread a general Corruption thro’ the Owners Hearts, each grew above his honeſt Labour, forſook his home, to wait at the This was certainly a Term unknown to the Antients; but, at preſent, there is no Word which ſo well expreſſes a Place of Attendance and Dependance. Levees of the Great, and preferr’d Slavery, accompanied with Splendor, to the plain and ſimple Freedom of his Anceſtor. Thus was all Husbandry, all Trade, all honeſt Occupations loſt, and, in their room, a ſhining Beggary, a painted Wretchedneſs eſtabliſhed.―― Wou’d the Fates permit, I wou’d entirely remove you from ſo ruinous a Place; but here my Commiſſion ends.—Here muſt I leave you to yourſelf.—Nor can my Power do more than warn you of the Dangers are to come, by the remembrance of what are paſt. As ſhe left off ſpeaking, Eovaai felt herſelf, by an inviſible hand, ſet down on the Earth, and in that moment both Chariot and Genii vaniſh’d from her ſight.

What E5r 81

What more dreadful than this Solitude can Imagination figure out! No Mark of any Footſtep, no Path to direct the forlorn Princeſs in her uncertain Pilgrimage, no graſſy Bank on which ſhe might repoſe, nor Tree to ſhelter her from the rude Winds, or more injurious Sun, but all around a Scene of Deſolation. She expected no leſs than to periſh, nor indeed was there the leaſt Appearance ſhe ſhould do otherwiſe; yet did ſhe wander on for ſeveral Hours, tho’ altogether unſuſtain’d by Hope; ſometimes falling thro’ Faintneſs, and at every Step her tender and delicate Feet ſmearing with Blood the ſharp and flinty Way. At laſt overcome by Hunger, and Thirſt, Pain, and Wearineſs, Nature could no more; and the Soul of this fair and bewildered Traveller was juſt about to yield up all its Faculties, when caſting her almoſt dying Eyes a little towards the Right, ſhe imagined ſomewhat like a Building preſented itſelf to view, but at ſo great a diſtance, that ſhe could not be aſſured it was ſo. The bare Poſſibility however ſo much renewed her Strength, that ſhe was enabled to advance that Way; and ſoon found by the Aid of the valuable Preſent made her by Halafamai, that ſhe had not been flatter’d with a E5vain E5v 82 vain Conjecture. She ſaw a ſpacious Caſtle, ancient, but not ruinated, built all of Stone, and ſeemed no leſs durable than the Rock on which it was ſituated. No Painting, Gilding, or carv’d Work, adorn’d this Structure, erected for Uſe not Oſtentation; yet had in this plain Magnificence ſomething which ſhamed the pompous Geugaws invented by Luxury and Pride. Eovaai found ſo much difficulty in climbing the ſteep Aſcent, that ſhe began to fear ſhe ſhould be obliged to paſs the Night, which now drew on, only with the Conſolation of knowing herſelf near to a Place of Reſt, without being able to partake any of the Benefits of it. But Time and Patience aſſiſting her Endeavours, at length ſhe gain’d the Summit, from whoſe commanding Height, ſhe had a full Proſpect of the direful Vale beneath; and having in a ſhort Ejaculation acknowledg’d her Deliverance from all the Dangers of it, turned her Sight on a more pleaſing View. On a huge Oak, which grew juſt before the Caſtle Gate, ſhe ſaw a Silver Trumpet hang, and beneath it a Tablet of the ſame Metal, on which was engraved in large Capitals theſe Words: WhoE6r 83 Who would fly corruption, and is an enemy to vice, May sound the trumpet, and have free admittance. Here the Remembrance of thoſe abominable Principles ſhe had ſo readily imbibed from the Mouth of Ochihatou, and from the Practice of which, ſhe had rather been terrified than perſuaded, drew Tears from her Eyes. She thought the Task impoſed on Human Kind, by the Supreme Powers, was too ſevere: O why, cry’d ſhe, can nothing but our Torments be acceptable to Heaven? Why muſt our Pains alone be Virtue, and all our Pleaſures Vice? But theſe prophane Expoſtulations laſted not long; they were but the Dictates of perverted Nature, and Reaſon aſſiſting the Leſſons of her Youth, enabled her to look up to Joys more noble and refined, than can be found in the utmoſt Gratification of the Senſes. Being now reſolved to fly Corruption, and have an Abhorrence for Vice, ſhe took Courage to ſound the Trumpet; on which the Gate was immediately opened, and ſhe received into a ſpacious Hall, adorn’d with Statues and Buſto’s of thoſe illuſtrious Perſons, who, in Times of Tyranny and Oppreſſion, E6hadE6v 84 had happily been the Deliverers of their Country, or bravely periſhed in the great Attempt, immortal Men, true Sons of Fame, and worthy of the Name of Heroes! Each aweful Head was graced with a Wreath of Laurel, but none encircled with a Diadem; on which Eovaai teſtifying ſome Surprize, a Servant who had been explaining to her the different Hieroglyphicks engraven on the Pedeſtals, told her with a Smile, that it was the Buſineſs of True Patriots to humble the Pride of Crowns, not wear them. Theſe Words to one who was a Queen herſelf, were not altogether ſo grateful as the Perſon who ſpoke them intended, and with a grave Air, I always thought, ſaid ſhe, that a good Prince was the firſt of Patriots; the Happineſs of the People over whom he has Dominion, being of infinitely more Conſequence to him, than it can be to any Subject how great ſoever. Nothing can be more true than what you ſay, reply’d he; and when a Monarch thinks as you do, he merits living, not only more Adoration than he is willing to receive, but alſo when he dies, to have his Image placed in A Temple dedicated to the whole Hierarchyrarchyrarchy of Celeſtial Beings, and never entered but on ſolemn Days, or to give thanks for ſome National Bleſſing. the Theatre of the Gods. With ſome ſuch weE7r 85 we have been bleſt; nor is the Owner of this Caſtle unjuſt to their Memory, as you ſhall be convinced. In ſpeaking this he threw open an Ivory Door, and conducted her into a Room, or rather Chapel, which ſeemed cut out of one entire Marble, with ſuch admirable Skill were the Quarries joined, the extraordinary Neatneſs of the Workmanſhip had doubtleſs engag’d her Attention, if ſomething more intereſting had not immediately drawn it off.

Two majeſtick Figures repreſenting a King and Queen, filled an Arch juſt oppoſite to the Entrance; beneath the Feet of each a Monarch lay in Chains, yet ſeemed not to regret his Captivity, while his generous Conqueror, with ſtretch’d out hands, reſtored that Crown he had loſt. The Gratitude, the Reverence, which appeared in the Faces of the Suppliants, and the blended Dignity and Sweetneſs in thoſe of the Beſtowers, demonſtrated the great Skill of the Sculptor. Eovaai was charmed with the Beauty of the Piece; but much more ſo, when ſheE7v 86 ſhe was acquainted with the Hiſtory of it. Glaza and Ibla, ſaid her obliging Informer, whoſe Statues you ſee there enthroned, were King and Queen of Hypotofa, when it was invaded on the North and South ſides, at the ſame time, by the Kings of Tolzag and Bitza. The dreadful News no ſooner arrived, than Glaza, without loſing time in conſulting Ways and Means to raiſe Money from his Subjects, made uſe of his own Revenue for the enliſting a great Number of Men, with part of whom he marched againſt thoſe of Tolzag; while Ibla, throwing off all the Delicacies of her Sex and Rank, went at the head of the other, to encounter the Bitzians. The Courage of this Royal Pair was rewarded with the Succeſs it merited: Glaza not only rid his Dominions of ſo formidable an Enemy, but carried the War into Tolzag, ſubdued many fine Provinces, and took the King Priſoner. Ibla gained an entire Victory over the Bitzians, and brought alſo that Monarch in triumph to Hypotofa. The Royal Captives, ſenſible of the Injuſtice of their Cauſe, expected no leſs than the moſt ſevere Treatment; but our generous Princes made them ſee, that Hoſpitality, and a Readineſs in forgiving Offences, were Virtues in which, as well as Bravery, the Hypotofans excell’d allE8r 87 all other Nations in the World; exacting no other Ranſom for their Liberty and forfeited Crowns, than an Aſſurance, from the one, never more to diſturb the Peace of this Kingdom; and, from the other, a formal Reſignation of ſome of thoſe Cities taken in the War, which were of ſervice to our Commerce. Thus were all the Acquiſitions of theſe Conqueſts turned to the advantage of the Subjects, while our glorious Sovereigns contented themſelves only with that Love and Reverence, which the Power and Will of doing good can never fail to excite.

The Character given to the Princeſs of Ijaveo, of this excellent King and Queen, was ſo conformable to what Eojaeu had always told her a Monarch ought to be, that it drew Tears from her Eyes; but the Gentleman repelled thoſe regretful Meditations ſhe was about to fall into, by obliging her to turn her eyes on another ſcepter’d Hero, not far diſtant from the former. He ſeem’d in that Bloom of Life, which, one may ſay, is but juſt arrived at Maturity; yet, with the Fire of Youth, was mingled all the Wiſdom of Old-Age; fierce, but yet ſweet: So admirably were the commanding and beſeeching Air united in every graceful Feature,1ture, E8v 88 ture, as render’d him awefully lovely, and delightfully auſtere. As ſcorning Eaſe he ſtood, not ſat upon a Throne: In one extended Hand he held a Sword of more than common Size; in the other, a Scepter ornamented with Doves, the Emblems of ſoft Peace. On either ſide was erected an Adamantine Pillar reaching to the Ceiling, on which were engraven the Hiſtory of his Battles, and his Sieges, the many Dangers he had eſcaped, and the Victories he had gained. But becauſe it wou’d have taken up too much time for Eovaai, to have examined every Particular of theſe curious Hieroglyphicks, the Gentleman continued to ſatisfy her Curioſity in as brief a manner as he could. This, ſaid he, is Amezulto, a Monarch who excelled not only all the Princes of his own time, but alſo all that had gone before him, in every Virtue both of War and Peace, and left a Pattern for Poſterity, more eaſily admired than imitated. The whole Buſineſs of his glorious but ſhort Life, was to render his People happy at home, and reverenced abroad: With a Handful of Men, in compariſon of the Number of his Enemies, he over-run one of the moſt potent Empires of the Earth, annex’d the Crown thereof to that of Hypotofa; and, in the ſpace of 50 Moons, perform’d the WorkE9r 89 Work of as many Ages. Oh! how tranſporting an Idea do you give me of this young Conqueror, cried Eovaai; but how came you to loſe the Advantages procured by his Valour? How comes it that your Kings, in later days, enjoy only the Shadow of that Grandeur he acquired, and left to his Poſterity? The Gold and Luxury of the conquer’d Nation, anſwer’d he, with a Sigh, undid their Conqueror, corrupted the lower Claſs of People, and Envy and Ambition divided the Great: A different Branch of the Royal Family pretended a Right to the Crown; the reigning Prince was weak, wholly ruled by his Queen and Miniſter, who regarded more their private Intereſt than the Publick-Good, and were ſuſpected to live in a more than becoming Intimacy: By this means the royal Authority fell into contempt; the Noblemen ſet themſelves up for Heads of different Factions, the Populace liſted under their ſeveral Banners; and, while domeſtick Jarrs took up the Minds of all, foreign Acquiſitions were no longer ſupported, and conſequently reverted to their former Owners.

Eovaai was about to teſtify her Surprize at ſo fatal a Negligence in a whole People, but was prevented from it,E9v 90 it, as well as from examining ſome other Images of Monarchs who had reigned in Hypotofa, before and after Glaza and Amezulto. Word was brought, that the Lord of the Caſtle attended, to give welcome to his fair Gueſt; on which ſhe immediately preſented her Hand, in order to be conducted where he was.

A Complication of all Virtues, and particularly of Patriotiſm Alhahuza, for that was the Name of this truly great Man, accoſted her with Civilities which had nothing in them of Reſerve or Affectation; and, after ſhe had imparted to him the whole Hiſtory of her Misfortunes, from her being brought to Ijaveo till that moment; It wou’d be my Happineſs, as well as Glory, Madam, ſaid he, cou’d I aſſure you of an Aſylum here; but alas! ſo great is the Power of Ochihatou, throughout all Hypotofa, that I dare not flatter myſelf even this Caſtle can ſufficiently ſecure you. He then proceeded to inform her of all the Particulars of that Traitor’s Life, and by what execrable Arts he had rais’d himſelf to a Condition not only to give Laws to the whole Kingdom, but alſo to the King himſelf. TheE10r 91 The Princeſs liſtned to his Diſcourſe with the utmoſt Attention; and perceiving by it, that he had conſtantly oppoſed all the Meaſures of that perfidious Stateſman, cou’d not conceive how he had been able to preſerve himſelf from the Malice of ſo artful and ſo powerful an Enemy. And having given ſome Hints of her Sentiments on this head; It would have been impoſſible for me, replied he, by any human Wiſdom, to have eſcaped the many Snares laid for my Life and Reputation, by that wicked Politician; but, from my youth, I have bent my whole Application to the Study of that kind of Magick which is This proves what the Commentator aſſerts concerning two very different kinds of Magick. acceptable to the celeſtial Beings: My early Proficiency in that Science, made me ſee the black Deſigns of Ochihatou, long before he had an opportunity of putting them in execution; and tho’ I could not prevent what the Fates, for the puniſhment of a wicked and corrupt Generation, had reſolved to permit, I procured for myſelf and a few Friends, who, to avoid the Vices and Follies of the Times, have accompanied me in this Retirement, ſome SprigsE10v 92 Sprigs of a certain Herb that grows in the Gardens of the Genii Some interpret this Prudence, others Veracity: Hahehihotu thinks the latter, as does alſo a more modern Author. Hemha, of ſovereign Virtue againſt all Efforts of the Ypres, or thoſe devoted to them. I wiſh, continued he, ſeeing a kind of Entreaty in her Looks, the ſacred Plant cou’d be of the ſame defence if worn by you; but that is impoſſible, you have renounced the Protection of a far greater Power, the ever-bleſſed The Commentator imagines they looked on Aiou as the Prince or General of the whole Species of Genii; and that he was Ruler of that Galaxy of Stars, now call’d Ariadne’s Crown. Aiou, by ſuffering that Jewel, which was the Pledge of Safety to your Race, to depart from your Breaſt; and till it be reſtored, no inferior Being, however benevolent by Nature, dares interpoſe in your behalf. The beautiful Eyes of Eovaai were overwhelm’d in Tears at theſe Words; and, after a ſhort Pauſe, ſhe burſt into this Exclamation: Then am I doom’d to everlaſting Miſery, cried ſhe, for never, never muſt I hope to ſee again the hallow’d Gift! Be not too raſh in pronouncing Judgment on yourſelf, replied Alhahuza, it is not given us Mortals to fathom the deep Myſteries of Futurity, orE11r 93 or ſcan the Fates immeaſurable Decrees: By means entirely unforeſeen, and leaſt expected, the greateſt Events are uſually brought about; and what ſeems moſt remote, is frequently the neareſt to us. Your wonderful Deliverance from Ochihatou, convinces me, that you are not wholly abandon’d by the great Patron of Ijaveo; nor ought you to offend, by deſpair, a Power whoſe Goodneſs you have ſo lately experienc’d.

To theſe he added many other conſolatory Expreſſions; and a handſome Repaſt being ſerved in, entertain’d her all the time with ſuch Diſcourſes as entirely brought her back to thoſe Principles from which the Deluſions of Ochihatou had made her ſwerve; and, at the ſame time, eſtabliſh’d ſo perfect a Harmony in her mind, that ſhe ſcarce felt any Remains of the Fatigues ſhe had undergone. So great is the Power of Wiſdom over a Soul capable of taſting its Joys, that while ſhe heard him ſpeak, ſhe forgot all Cauſes of Inquietude, and cou’d have liſtned to him, with an Infinity of Pleaſure, a much longer time, if he had not reminded her, that it was proper for her to allow Nature ſome Repoſe. She was then attended by Women to an Apartment, neat, but not curious,E11v 94 curious, and there left to herſelf, to ruminate on the Wonders of the Day.

The Adventures which had befallen her, and the Uncertainty of her preſent State, gave her ſufficient Matter for Reflection; yet did not all the Misfortunes ſhe had ſuſtain’d, nor thoſe ſhe had reaſon to apprehend, give her half that Anxiety, as the Shame of having abandon’d her ſelf, tho’ but for a few moments, to Pleaſures ſo contrary to the Modeſty of her Sex, and ſo much beneath the Dignity both of her Birth and Underſtanding: but as ſhe cou’d not think how near ſhe was to being loſt, without remembring ſhe was not wholly ſo, the Diſquiets occaſion’d by the one, were eaſily diſperſed by the ſweet Contentment which the other afforded; and ſhe ſunk, by degrees, into that calm Repoſe, which a Mind, devoted to the purſuit of guilty Joys, ſtrives but in vain to find.

Soon as the Goddeſs of the Morn diſplayed her bluſhing Cheeks, Eovaai roſe, no leſs refreſh’d and cheerful than herſelf; and finding the ſame Women who had waited on her the Night before, were now ready to receive her Commands, by their aſſiſtance, was more than half- dreſs’d,E12r 95 dreſs’d, when a confus’d Noiſe, and the murmuring of many Voices, made her almoſt relapſe into her former Terrors: but one of the Women perceiving an Alteration in her Countenance, put an immediate ſtop to the progreſs of her Apprehenſions by theſe Words: I hope, Madam, ſaid ſhe, reſpectfully, you will never have more real Cauſe for fear than at this moment; be aſſured, your Pity is all can be intereſted in this Affair. The Sounds you hear, proceed from the diſtreſs’d and diſcontented Citizens of Hypotofa, who, on ſome appointed Days, come in Crowds to this Caſtle, expecting, from the Wiſdom and Virtue of Alhahuza, a Mitigation of their Woes. They are now in the The ſame in which Eovaai was firſt received. Hall of Patriots, where he will preſently deſcend, and make an Harangue to them. On this, Eovaai reſumed her Serenity of Mind and Air; and being deſirous of hearing what Alhahuza ſhould deliver, made the utmoſt expedition in getting herſelf ready. Soon as ſhe was ſo, and her Requeſt made known to him, he gave orders ſhe ſhould be ſeated in a Gallery which overlooked the Place, andE12v 96 and from which ſhe could eaſily ſee and hear all that paſs’d. The Cries of theſe poor People, and the Hardſhips they complain’d of, drew bitter Sighs from the Heart of the Princeſs of Ijaveo; ſhe griev’d for them, but much more for what ſhe imagin’d might be the Sufferings of her own Subjects, whom ſhe had left in the moſt diſtracted and divided State; and had perhaps fallen into a Melancholy, from which it wou’d have been difficult to rouze her, had not the Contemplations that occaſion’d it been timely interrupted by the Preſence of Alhahuza, who that inſtant appear’d, and having taken his place on an Eminence, in the middle of the Hall, for the Convenience of being heard by all, began to ſpeak to them in this manner:

The F1r 97

The Harangue of Alhahuza to the Populace of Hypotofa.

Friends and Countrymen,

Igrieve to ſee ſo many of you repair daily to me for Advice in the preſent Calamities, yet ſo few among you arm’d with that Reſolution, and true Spirit of Patriotiſm, which alone can redreſs the Grievances you complain of.――Examine yourſelves.—Look back on your paſt Conduct, and attone for it by the future.—Your Oppreſſors laugh at your Miſery, and when you ask redreſs, are not aſhamed to tell you, that The Commentator obſerves from this, that the Hypotofans muſt have been naturally a mean-ſpirited People, to brook ſo bare-faced and impudent an Inſult, as this mention’d by the Patriot. if you are undone, it is by your own Act and Deed;—they tell ye Truth, Oh Hypotofans! for which of you has not, for a ſhew of private Advantage, conſented to Fgive F1v 98 give up Publick Good?—Which of you has not been a Factor for his own Slavery, and that of his Poſterity?—Which of you has not, at ſome time or other, been corrupted by the Gold of Ochihatou?— The Gold of Ochihatou, did I ſay? No, ’twas your own Gold, the Remains of what your careful Anceſtry had left you, drawn from you under various Pretences, and then returned in ſhameful Bribes, to make you acceſſory to your own Perdition. What Taxes has he not invented out of that deteſtable Maxim, That the way to keep you obedient is to make you poor?—All the Neceſſities of Nature, all the Indulgencies of Luxury, are but ſo many Hands to feed his Avarice or Ambition.— ――Can you eat or drink, or ſleep, or work, or play, in ſafety, beneath thoſe Roofs rear’d with the Sweat of your induſtrious Predeceſſors, unlicens’d by this ſole Director of all things.――Does not the very Of what nature this Tax was, is hard to gueſs; nor have we the leaſt Light to guide us: but Ariſtotle, a Greek Philoſopher, in his Politics, tells us, that one Cypſelus, a Governor of Corinth, invented an Impoſt to be laid upon the People, which, in leſs than ten Years, brought all the Money of that State into his Coffers; and mentions the Tameneſs of thoſe Citizens with admiration. That Ochihatou then cou’d contrive ſo many, and of ſo ſevere a kind as the Hiſtory implies, with impunity, will ſcarce gain credit in theſe times of Liberty. Air you breathe,F2r 99 breathe, encreaſe his Treaſures?—Are you not excluded from the Light of the Sun, without paying Tribute to his Coffers?—What all the brute Creation freely enjoy and batten in, O miſerable Citizens, is denied to you!—Theſe are the Means by which thoſe Sums were raiſed, which, parcell’d ſince among ſome leading Men, have prevailed on you to reſign your deareſt Privileges, and become Slaves by Law.

But you will anſwer, That you were unwarily drawn in, to do you knew not what.—Moſt certainly very many of you were ſo, I hope the greater Number; but now your Eyes are open’d by the dreadful Conſequences, how poor is the Excuſe you make, for not being as vigorous in your Endeavours to remove the Burthen, as you were tame in ſuffering it to be laid?—What if ſome few of the F2† mer-F2v 100 The Cabal were of opinion, theſe were of the Nobility of Hypotofa; but Hahehihotu thinks otherwiſe, becauſe they are immediately after ſtiled, Tools of Power. mercenary Great-ones purchaſe a ſhare in the Plunder of the Nation, with the dear Price of their own Honour, and ſubvert, by their Vices, that Liberty their glorious Progenitors reared and ſettled by their Virtues; are you to ſee the Morſel taken from your Childrens Mouths, becauſe thoſe Tools of Power, prophanely blending the Cauſe of ſacred Majeſty, with that of him who uſurps the Authority of it, tell you it’s Treaſon to oppose? Are any of you ſo unletter’d in the Laws, as to believe it criminal to defend your natural Property from the Hands of Robbers? Or, can you think theſe Men leſs Robbers, becauſe dignified with certain Characters?—They ſhew you indeed a Schedule ſigned with the Royal Signet: But who is the Keeper of that Signet? Is it not Ochihatou?――Oeros is generous, benevolent, compaſſionate, and full of all thoſe Virtues that render Kings a kind of Gods on Earth: His Royal Heart wou’d weep Tears of Blood, to know one half of your Sufferings; but, alas! he is entirely ignorant of what is acted in his Name.F3r 101 Name. You are repreſented to him as a People factious, and repining without a Cauſe, depreciating his Authority, and forming Plots againſt his Government; and tho’ he decrees not the Puniſhments inflicted on you, believes you juſtly merit them.――Who then but Ochihatou is the Source of all your Evils!――By whom but Ochihatou are you impoveriſh’d, beggar’d and abus’d! By whom but Ochihatou are you deluded to relinquiſh the Rights to which you were born! by whom but Ochihatou are you baniſh’d the Royal Ear and Favour! Whom but Ochihatou is at once your Undoer, your Betrayer, and your Scourge! and on whom but Ochihatou ought you to ſeek Revenge? Rouze then, for ſhame, encounter the Oppreſſor, while there is yet any thing to ſave! Remove the Enchanter from before the Throne,—drive him from thoſe Pleaſure-Houſes, thoſe Palaces, erected on A Manuſcript almoſt as antient as the Hiſtory itſelf, and which ſerves as an Explanation of it in many places, acquaints us, that Ochihatou compell’d the People to ſell their Lands to him at very low Rates, and built ſeveral magnificent Palaces on them. the Ruin of your Fellow- Citizens, thoſe Gardens There is alſo an Account, that the Money appropriated appropriated by the Publick, to pay ſuch Arrears as ſhould be owing to Perſons that died in the ſervice of their Country, to their Widows and Orphans, was ſeized by Ochihatou, and laid out on Ornaments for his Gardens. water’d with F3the F3v 102 the Widow and the Orphans Tears, and, with his Blood, waſh away the Barriers which divide you from your King! Think not, by Prayers or lazy Wiſhes, to retrieve what you have loſt, or avert the Miſchiefs yet impending.—You ſtill have Hands; and, O Hypotofans, you once had Hearts to undertake the moſt daring Enterprizes. What is become of all that Spirit, that noble Thirſt of Fame, which rendered your Forefathers ſo glorious?— Did you inherit nothing from them but thoſe Lands, which you have either meanly yielded to the great Devourer, or riotouſly waſted in the Luxury he has introduced among you?――What will Poſterity ſay, when they read over the Annals of theſe Times? Will they not bluſh to compare the ſoft and ſilken Days of their immediate Predeceſſors, with the brave Roughneſs of more diſtant Ages? Will they not tear out the ſhameful Page, eraſe from their Eſcutcheons all the Blazonry derived from you, and leave a Gap in Hiſtory?

It F4r 103

It therefore lies upon you, if you have yet remaining any Senſe of the Honour of your Country, your Religion, your Laws, your Liberties, your own Welfare, and of thoſe to whom you have, or ſhall hereafter give Being, to throw off the Yoke, which wants but a very little of being faſtned beyond all poſſibility of removing;――to exert your ſelves once more;――to be unanimous in your Reſolves, and vigorous in the execution.――Remember, it is the Cauſe of Heaven, of Loyalty, of Glory, and of Freedom, which urges you to Arms, and will be rewarded with their united Bleſſings: But if you continue much longer in this Inactivity, this Coward Paſſiveneſs, Chains, Slavery and Wretchedneſs will be entail’d upon you from Generation to Generation: Woes, of which yet no Deſcription can be given, will be your Portion while alive, and everlaſting Infamy attend your Names when dead.

Here Alhahuza ended, and the Applauſes given to what he ſaid, were ſuch as might have made any one believe, his Advice was about being put into immediate execution. When the Crowd was diſperſed, Eovaai came down, and congratulatedF4 gratulatedF4v 104 gratulated him on the Succeſs of his Declamation. Ah! Princeſs, anſwered he, with a Sigh, you judge too favourably of this degenerate Race; their very Souls are debilitated with their Bodies; all Ardor for Glory, all generous Emulation, all Love of Liberty, every noble Paſſion is extinguiſh’d with their Induſtry. They imitate the Lion in his Roar, are Heroes in Words, but when call’d forth to Deeds, ſtart like the timorous Hare, ſculk into Corners, hide themſelves in Caverns, and have nor Hands nor Hearts to combat with Oppreſſion; ſo fatal a Damp has Luxury, and its Attendant Sloth, caſt on their wonted Fire, that, without the Interpoſition of ſome ſupernatural Power, Hypotofa muſt fall, to riſe no more.

He then led her into another Room, where having taken part of a ſmall Collation, he informed her, that having conſulted the It is ſuppoſed by ſeveral, and with good reaſon, that Aſtronomy was a Branch of this Science. celeſtial Science on her account, he found that Ochihatou, enrag’d beyond meaſure at her departure, was exerting the whole Force of his Art to bring her back; and conſequently, there cou’dF5r 105 cou’d be no Safety for her in the Confines of Hypotofa. I wou’d, therefore, adviſe you, continued he, to take ſanctuary in The Interpretation of this Name engag’d the Cabal in a Diſpute, which took up five Moons. Some wou’d have it Wiſdom, but the Majority were of opinion, that Impartiality came nearer the Meaning. Oozoff; that Republick is under the Protection of a Genius, at whoſe powerful Name the Ypres and their Adherents tremble. No wicked Magick was ever of any force againſt it; and I flatter my ſelf, you may remain there in an undiſturbed Security, till Heaven relenting, ſhall vouchſafe to reſtore you to Ijaveo. The Terrors which the Beginning of this Diſcourſe had excited in Eovaai, being diſperſed by the latter Part, ſhe readily prepared for her departure, without any other Anxiety than what was occaſioned, by finding herſelf oblig’d to quit the Converſation of ſo wiſe and good a Man.

The Caſtle of Alhahuza being on the very Borders of Hypotofa, and ſeparated, on the weſtern Side from Oozoff but by a ſmall River, he cauſed a Bridge, he had made in caſe of any Extremity, to be let down; over which the Princeſs F5eaſilyF5v 106 eaſily paſſed; and, in a few minutes, reach’d a Place, in all things ſo vaſtly different from that ſhe had lately left, that it ſeem’d to her almoſt another World; and indeed nothing cou’d be more amazing, than that People, ſuch near Neighbours, born under almoſt the ſame Climate, profeſſing the ſame Religion, and living together in the ſtricteſt Amity, ſhou’d be the direct Oppoſites to each other in their Manners. In Hypotofa, nothing was to be ſeen but exceſſive Grandeur or extreme Wretchedneſs; for a fruitleſs Attempt to arrive at the one, naturally produced the other: In Oozoff, a happy Sufficiency appear’d throughout, and Luxury and Poverty were things equally unknown. All Pride, all Vanity, all Oſtentation, were baniſh’d hence: ’Tis true, the Deſire of Riches ſeem’d the ruling and univerſal Paſſion among them; but then, they ſought not the Gratification by mean Arts, or Projects deſtructive to their Fellow-Citizens, or ſhameful to their Country, but by honeſt Care, and painful Labour; by adhering ſtrictly to their Promiſes; by being juſt in all their Dealings abroad, and frugal at home; by never delaying till to-morrow, what was in their power to accompliſh to-day; and by ſuffering no Drones to eat up what the othersF6r 107 others laboured for. Thus every Individual, like the induſtrious Bee, while he acted for his own Intereſt, acted alſo for that of the Publick; and all no leſs unanimous than vigorous in the common Cauſe, they ſo well knew how to profit by the Sloth or Timidity of other Nations, that they became almoſt the ſole trading People, extended their Commerce even to the fartheſt Parts of the habitable Globe; and, from a ſmall beginning, arrived to ſuch a height, as, at the time of Eovaai’s ſojourning among them, to be look’d upon as one of the moſt formidable Commonwealths beneath the Influence of By the Cabal ſuppoſed the Sun; but Hahehihotu and ſeveral other Authors believe it has a further Meaning. Perhaps Liberty, all Republicks enjoying that Bleſſing in its full Extent; but as I am a Stranger, and in a Place where Monarchical Government is eſtabliſhed, I ſhall forbear inſerting what they have ſaid on this head. Akibar. Nor indeed is it at all to be wonder’d at, that they were ſo; they had always maintain’d an inviolable Freedom, whenever any Man, how much endeared ſoever to them, by his Name or Services, diſcover’d an Inclination to deprive them of that ſacred Right, all he was, and all he had done, were no more remembred, F6and F6v 108 and he was certain to meet that Fate his unjuſt Encroachment merited; and I think it may be eſtabliſhed as a certain Maxim, that the Love of Glory is more or leſs prevalent, according to the Liberty of the People; for true Bravery can never be the Companion of Servitude. But to return:

As Eovaai found herſelf treated with an extreme Civility, without the leaſt Appearance of any Inquiſitiveneſs into her Affairs, ſhe forbore diſcovering either her Name or Rank. The many Advantages, however, ſhe poſſeſt, above all thoſe Perſons who had ever taken ſhelter in that Republick, entitled her to the higheſt Reſpect among a People who regarded only Merit, and contemned thoſe pompous Titles which are falſly call’d Honourable, when worn by Perſons of mean and corrupt Principles. She received frequent Viſits from the Heads of the Common-wealth, and found them Men of ſuch profound Wiſdom, Virtue, and Probity, as made it not ſeem ſtrange to her, that the State under their Direction ſhou’d acquire ſo high a Reputation; but in ſpite of the great Qualities ſhe obſerved in thoſe who had the care of publick Buſineſs, the prodigious Reſpect paid to them byF7r 109 by the Ambaſſadors of the greateſt Kings, the Weight their Voices had in foreign Councils, and the Advantages they made from every little Incident that happened in the World, for the aggrandizing their own Country, the Prejudice of Education which moſt People imbibe for that kind of Government under which they are born, made her think there wanted ſomething to compleat the Grandeur of this Nation, and that it was pity ſome one of thoſe noble Perſonages, ſo auguſt in every Action, ſhou’d not be dignified with the Name of The Commentator, who I ſhrewdly ſuſpect to have been a Republican in his Principles, lays hold on this Paſſage, to laſh, with a good deal of Severity, that Veneration which weak Minds, as he calls them, pay to Kings merely as Kings. The Crown, the Sceptre, the Robes, and other Formalities of Regal State being, he ſays, no more than Pageantry, a kind of gaudy Shew, to attract and amuſe the Vulgar; and the Perſon thus dreſs’d up no more, perhaps leſs, brave and honeſt than the meaneſt Gazer. I muſt confeſs, ſince my abode in England, I have ſeen ſome Mock-Monarchs on the Stage, ſo much reſembling thoſe who wear that Title to their Life’s End, that I am apt to think, had the Commentator been preſent, he wou’d have look’d on on both alike with his Philoſophic Spectacles; and cried out, Where is the eſſential Difference? Both are Men, made of the ſame Clay, incident to the ſame Paſſions, ſame Diſeaſes, ſame Infirmities of Mind and Body: Both equally make it their chief Buſineſs to get Money: Both enjoy their Dignity but for a time; and if the one continues longer than the other, yet both alike will have an end, and, after Death, be converted into the ſame undiſtinguiſhable Duſt. But this is only my own Imagination; it’s poſſible the Courts of Europe might have reformed his Sentiments, and render’d him as very a Worſhipper of Royalty as a Frenchman. King.

As F7v 110

As ſhe made no ſcruple of declaring her Sentiments on this head, an antient Man, but infinitely leſs venerable for his length of Days, than Extent of Knowledge, took upon him to rectify the miſtaken Ideas ſhe ſeem’d to him to have conceived concerning Government.

I know not, ſaid he, but ſome Nations, and on ſome particular Occaſions, may have found their advantage in a Monarchical Government; but am very certain, that few Inſtances can be produced of Kings who have really acted according to the Ends for which they were originally made ſo. Yet there are People ſo bigotted to the Name, that they imagine, whoever is inveſted with the Robes of Majeſty,F8r 111 Majeſty, becomes immediately divine in his own Perſon, and has alſo the Power of conveying the ſacred Influence to his Poſterity from Generation to Generation, how unworthy ſoever to ſucceed him: Hence follow thoſe wild Notions of hereditary, indefeaſible and unalienable Right, which for many Ages have ſet the World in Confuſion.――But to trace this Matter to its Source.――

When the Almighty Powers peopled this terreſtrial Globe, to Man they gave the Sovereignty over all other living Creatures; and to that end, endued him with a ſuperior Reaſon, and Dignity of Soul worthy to command, and proper to enforce Obedience: but have we from Hiſtory or Tradition any Proof, or even Hint, that they ſaid to This is an Argument that they believed, as we in China do to this day, that a great Number of Men were created at the ſame time; and I have had the pleaſure to find ſeveral learned Europeans of the ſame opinion. one particular Man, Be thou above the reſt:—The whole Species ſhall adore thy Smiles, and tremble at thy Frowns: —From thee all Honours, all Promotions, all Happineſs ſhall flow as from their Source:—In thee ſhall center all Rewards F8v 112 Rewards and Puniſhments, and thou ſhalt be a God on Earth?—No, on the contrary, they reſerved this State of Dependance, as a proper Token of Subordination to themſelves alone; and Mankind confeſs’d himſelf ſufficiently favoured in the Rule aſſign’d him over inferior Beings, without once thinking of exalting himſelf above thoſe of his own kind. Whatever is againſt Nature, is againſt Reaſon; and that this is ſo, I think is obvious to the meaneſt Capacity, however prejudiced by Education, or more powerful Intereſt.――But I will not go about to impoſe my own Opinion, but endeavour to convince your’s. In the Infancy of Creation, as I have already ſaid, and conſequently the time of the moſt perfect Innocence and Integrity, there was no Precedency, no Subordination; but when the Ypres broke looſe, and got the better of the Genii appointed for the Guardians of the World, Self-love, Diſcord, Avarice, the Luſt of Power, and every kind of Vice, corrupted the native Simplicity of our Manners: We no longer regarded the Welfare of our Neighbours: We quarrell’d on the moſt trifling Occaſions: We coveted what we wanted not; grew arrogant and aſſuming, and at length rapacious; ſeizing by force what Fraud cou’d not obtain. Then,F9r 113 Then, dividing ourſelves into Parties, Wars enſued; various Inſtruments were every day invented, to deſtroy the Workmanſhip of Heaven; and Death triumph’d in thoſe Plains where Love, and Peace, and ſweet Society before had reign’d. In theſe Skirmiſhes, he who had ſhewed himſelf the boldeſt, or moſt cunning in the fatal Science, was look’d upon with the greateſt Reſpect; Here began Diſtinction; and ſuch a Man, in a future Engagement, was put at the head of the others, by their joint Aſſent, and, as they then believ’d, for their Common-Good: This Chief, this Captain, this General, or by what Name ſoever you call him, happens to be ſucceſsful, and having taſted the Sweets of Command, is loth to relinquiſh it. By Bribes, and Promiſes of ſharing with him in his Power, he ſecures a Majority to his Intereſt; the Continuance of his Authority is decreed, which he afterwards maintains by the ſame Artifices; the People thus unwarily brought under Subjection, make a Virtue of Neceſſity, and ſeem pleas’d with what they cannot remedy; they extol their new Mode of Living; the neighbouring Nations, deceived by appearances, follow their Example; chooſe a Chief to whoſe Authority they vow Obedience; and thus came Kingſhip into faſhion:F9v 114 faſhion: Thus was Uſurpation converted into Law, and thus was Slavery eſtabliſh’d, and the Body of Mankind render’d a Prey to the inſatiable Pride and Avarice of a few. A dreadful Æra, and which ſhou’d, methinks, inſpire us with Horror, rather than Veneration.

Yet, cried Eovaai, interrupting him with ſome warmth, as you confeſs the ſupreme Authority was at firſt lodg’d in one Perſon, for the Good of the Community over whom he was placed; and that many Benefits accrued from ſuch a Delegation: I cannot but think it highly unjuſt, that Authority ſhou’d afterward be depreciated, becauſe ſome Kings may not have diſcharg’d the Duties of their Place, ſo well as might be expected.

Madam, replied he, I have not admitted that the Superiority of any one Man above the reſt could be of general Service but on extraordinary Exigencies; and never can admit that it ought to be continued, when thoſe Exigencies are paſt. Humane Nature is not to be truſted with itſelf: all Men have in them the Seeds of Tyranny, which want but the warm Sun of Power to be enabled to ſhoot forth in proud and undiſguis’d Oppreſſion.preſſionF10r 115 preſſion. It is therefore the Buſineſs of a wiſe People to endeavour, as much as poſſible, to keep every one on the ſame Level with each other, in which they were born; and on which, ’tis evident, Heaven, by ſetting no Mark of Diſtinction between them, intended they ſhould remain.――Nor do I give it as a Reaſon, that becauſe Hahehihotu ſays, the Cabal have groſly miſinterpreted this Paſſage, which he brings a great Number of Arguments to prove is, all Kings, inſtead of many Kings. many Kings have been bad, the Regal Authority ought to be aboliſh’d; but becauſe ſuch an Authority ſeems to me to be eſtabliſhed on Principles both abſurd and prophane: Contrary to Nature, Common Senſe, Religion, and Univerſal Liberty.――Can any thing be more ridiculous, than to ſee Millions of free-born Souls proſtrating themſelves beneath the Feet, and ſubmitting their Lives and Fortunes to the As the Cabal undertook the Tranſlation of this Hiſtory at the Requeſt of our Emperor, and expected from him alone the Reward due to the Pains and Time beſtowed on it; ’tis thought, by the laſt mentioned Author, the Commentator, and ſeveral others, that the Words Arbitrary Will were added to the Original in Compliment to our Form of Government, which at that time was far from being deſpotick, deſpotick, and our Emperors however pompous in their Titles, enjoyed little more real Power than the moſt petty Magiſtrates now aſſume. arbitrary WillF10v 116 Will of one of their own Species, and whoſe Intellects are perchance weaker than any of the ſervile Throng?――Or can any thing be more injurious to the immortal Gods, than to give to a created Being thoſe Marks of Adoration, which are due only to themſelves? who, if they pleaſed, could ſtrike dead in a moment this Ape of their Divinity, or render him a more piteous, and at the ſame time a Later Times have preſented us with an Inſtance of this kind in Nebuchadnezar King of Aſſyria, who, for his Arrogance, was converted into an Ox. ’Tis probable, ſome ſuch Transformation had happened before, that gave riſe to this Expreſſion; which, in my mind, ſeems to imply ſomething of a Remembrance of what had been, as well as a Conjecture of what might be. more dreadful Example of the Folly of Human Grandeur: Nor does it at all anſwer the Objections made againſt monarchical Government, that there have been This I think deſtroys the Aſſertion of Hahehihotu concerning the falſe Interpretation of many Kings for all Kings, unleſs you will underſtand by this Paſſage (which I muſt confeſs is a little Equivocal) that excellent Princes make bad Kings. many veryF11r 117 very excellent Princes, true Fathers of their People, and ſtrict Obſervers of the Laws; our Quarrel is not to the Perſon, Quinpindol, an eminent Writer of our Nation, and Cotemporary with Japhet, the Son of Noah, from whom, after his ſettling in Cilicia, he received a great Inſight into the original Language tranſmitted carefully by Adam to his Poſterity, has left behind him a large Treatiſe of the Policy and Cuſtoms of Oozoff; in which he tells us, it had at firſt been ſubject to the Kings of Narzada; but being uſed by them in a moſt cruel and tyrannick manner, had at length thrown off the Yoke, and converted itſelf into a Common-wealth. If ſo, as there is no Reaſon to doubt the Sincerity of this Author, we cannot wonder at the Bitterneſs with which the old Republican inveighs againſt Kingly Government. but the Function of a King: for ſuppoſe we could find a Hero, in whom all the Virtues met, and little inferior to the Celeſtial Genii, he certainly would both merit and poſſeſs a Throne in every honeſt Heart: He would be loved and reſpected; which is as much as any Man can deſerve, or ought to deſire from his Fellow-Creature; but we ſhould be well ſatisfied he was ſomething more than Man, before we paid him divine Honours, made him a Sacrifice of thoſe dear Rights given us by Heaven and Nature, and levied Contributions from the BowelBowelsF11v 118 Bowels of our Poſterity, to dreſs him up a gaudy Shew, and maintain a vaſt number of People in Idleneſs, who might, by their Induſtry, be uſeful to their Country, meerly to fill the pageant Pomp of Royalty. His Courage, his Prudence, his every good Quality would be at leaſt of the ſame Service without all this Expence; and, as I before obſerv’d, there are too many Temptations in the Power of doing whatever we will, for the beſt to confine himſelf always to the doing what he ought.

Where Kings are inveſted with ſo abſolute and uncontroulable a Sway as to have the Power of acting in all things according as Ambition prompts, ſaid Eovaai, I wonder not the Nations under them have good Reaſon to regret the cruel Neceſſity of ſubmitting to it. But in thoſe Monarchies, where Power is limited by Laws, where the Tenure, by which the Prince holds his Crown, is the Obſervance of thoſe Laws, where he can raiſe no Armies without the Conſent of his People, enter into no Leagues, tranſact no Treaties, either of War or Peace, without laying the Motives of his having done ſo before them, where he is obliged to give an Account of the publick TreaſureſureF12r 119 ſure to them, and where even his private Expences are bounded by their Regulations; ſuch a King ſurely cannot be ſaid to act by the Inſtigations of his own Will (unleſs he happens to have no Will, but for the Service and the Intereſt of thoſe beneath him.) He is indeed the Head of a large Family; for whoſe Happineſs he is perpetually contriving, who watches for their Repoſe, labours for their Eaſe, expoſes himſelf for their Safety, and has no other Recompence for all his Cares than that Homage, that Grandeur, which he ought not to be envied; and, which, in my Opinion, is of no leſs Benefit to the State in general, than to himſelf, by adding Weight to its Counſels abroad, and ſupporting that Order at home, which is the Beauty of Government.

Hold, Madam, cry’d the Republican, with a Half-Smile, you are advancing Poſitions which, I am very certain, to maintain, will put all the fine Wit you are Miſtreſs of to a Task too difficult. As to the firſt it is meerly viſionary; for tho’ I grant there are many Kingdoms, where the People boaſt of perfect Liberty, where the Power of the Prince is ſaid to be bounded with certain Conditions, which if he attempts to violate, heF12v 120 he is no more a King, and all Obedience is void by Law; yet I deny there is any ſuch thing in Fact, or that the People there in reality enjoy a jot more Liberty, than thoſe in Monarchies, which are term’d Abſolute. The Name, indeed, the Shadow of it they poſſeſs; but are as very Slaves, as thoſe they affect to pity. What if their Kings do not directly ſay I will, becauſe I will, and think their Pleaſure a ſufficient Sanction for the moſt unjuſt Decrees; Is their Power of acting in every thing according to their Will leſs great, for their not openly avowing it? No, I can eaſily prove the contrary. Is not the Power of conferring all Titles, Honours, and Badges of Diſtinction, entirely lodged in every one of theſe limitted Monarchs, as you call them? And are there not always to be found Men of corrupt and mercenary Principles, who will conſent for a preſent Advantage to themſelves to any Scheme, tho’ never ſo detrimental to their Country? Are not all Employments of any Note, whether civil or military, in the Diſpoſal of this bounded Prince, and cannot he, when he finds Perſons Caſſerero laments the ill Conſequence of this Power in the Prince; it ſeems it had been fatal fatal to Liberty, even in his Time, which is no more than ſeventeen Centuries ago. Theſe are his Words: What dreadful things may we not expect, when we ſee the Favour of the Prince the only Standard of Merit; when all things are governed by Caprice, and Flattery is the chief Plea for Promotion! when the brave and experienced Officer remains without any Mark of Honour, but the Wounds he has received in fighting for his Country; while the beardleſs Boy, who never drew his Sabre, but to ſmell of the Perfume, is advanced to the higheſt Dignities in the Army; when Buffoons are made Counſellors, and wiſe Men are oblig’d to keep Silence? refractory to his Deſigns,ſignsG1r 121 ſigns, diſcharge them, and fill up the vacant Offices with others more conformable?――What avails it, that he is tied by Oath to do nothing againſt the Conſent of the People, when thoſe who repreſent the People are his own Creatures, and entirely devoted to his Intereſt, or perhaps, that of a firſt Miniſter, which is ſtill worſe; for I verily believe, the Ambition of Princes was never ſo fatal to Liberty, as the Avarice of Miniſters: But that is another Argument, tho’ none of the weakeſt, might be alledg’d againſt monarchical Government; becauſe where there is not a King, there cannot be a Miniſter; at leaſt one veſted with an Authority capable of being prejudicial to the Publick.

G But G1v 122

But ſuppoſing any Inſtance cou’d be brought of a Kingdom, where Integrity and Love of Country was ſo univerſal, that As ideal as this Suppoſition ſeems, Tatragraoutho the Rabbin, in his Hiſtory of Revolutions, gives us an Account of a certain Country, but in what Part of the World ſituate I remember not, where the Prince aiming at deſpotick Power, was continually changing all his great Officers, in the hope of getting a Set ſubſervient to his purpoſe; but all alike maintaining their Probity, and communicating to the People the Temptations had been laid in their way: The King was dethroned, Monarchy aboliſh’d, and the Nation, from that time, governed by a Council of 50, who were annually nominated by the Publick. no Man in it cou’d be found ſo much infatuated with the Charms of Grandeur, as to ſerve the unlawful Intereſts of either King or Miniſter, ſuch a People wou’d certainly be very jealous of their Liberties: This wou’d occaſion perpetual Struggles between them and the Prince: The Balance of Power cou’d never be ſo equally pois’d, but that one Side or other wou’d have ſome little reaſon for Complaint; and the ſtrict Guard both ought to keep againſt Encroachments, wou’d unavoidably make them frequently too quick-ſighted, and cry out on Inſults whichG2r 123 which had no exiſtence but in their own Apprehenſions: Miſinterpretations wou’d be put on every thing: Heart-burnings wou’d riſe to Animoſities, and theſe break forth at length into open Ruptures, which might probably know no end, but with the Ruin of one of the contending Parties; and which-ever got the better, the Commonwealth muſt be a Loſer. So that, put a Monarchical Government on the beſt foot you can, the Dangers attending it will be ſtill demonſtrable.

Then, as to the other Part of your Aſſertion, concerning the Name of King, adding weight to the Councils of a Nation abroad, or ſupporting Order at home; you need but look round the World, to be convinced of that Miſtake. Do we not ſee ſome Kings ſending Ambaſſadors, whoſe Behaviour in foreign Parts, has made the Manners of their own the common Topick of Ridicule? Have they not been publickly, to their very Faces, laugh’d at, nay hiſs’d? Have not their Credentials been contemn’d, ſpurn’d at? Whereas thoſe of ſeveral Republicks are received with the greateſt Veneration; and, tho’ dignified with no vain-ſounding Titles, the Pageantry of Words, been conſulted in the Cabinet, while thoſe glaringG2ring G2v 124 ring Nothings were left to toy with the Women, or play with the Pages in the Antichamber. And as to Order at home, I hope the Place you now are in, diſcovers no want of any Regulation, which ſhould render a firſt Magiſtrate neceſſary to our Peace. What Diſorders, what Indecencies have you obſerved among us? Have we not Laws ſufficient for preſerving a due Decorum? And are not thoſe Laws ſtrictly obſerv’d? Or, when violated, the Offender, without Partiality, made to ſuffer the Puniſhment of his Crime? Do our Magiſtrates, who are truly and indeed appointed by the People, meet with leſs Reſpect from the Commonalty, becauſe, like them, they live in a plain ſimple manner, and are void of all Oſtentation? Does any one here endeavour to encroach on the Rights, or any way exalt himſelf above his Fellow-Citizen, and not meet with the Humiliation he juſtly deſerves? Not but we have Honours here paid to particular Perſons; but then they are ſuch who have either very remarkably diſtinguiſh’d themſelves in the Service of the Republick, by their Wiſdom or Bravery; or who, having enrich’d themſelves by an honeſt and indefatigable Induſtry, make a proper Uſe of the Treaſures they have acquired. In fine, thoſe who knowG3r 125 know how to command their Paſſions, who make the Happineſs of Mankind their Care, who labour without ceaſing for the Common-Good, are with us the Great Men: On them we confer all the Badges of Honour in our power to give, without injuſtice to others of equal Merit; but then this Diſtinction The Commentator, Hahehihotu, and almoſt every Author who takes any notice of this Hiſtory, of whom there are a great Number, launch into vaſt Encomiums on the Juſtice of this Law. Quinpindol, in whoſe time it began to be exploded, earneſtly wiſhes the revival of it, as the moſt effectual Method to encourage Virtue, and put Vice to ſhame, that can poſſibly be taken. deſcends not to their Poſterity, unleſs they tread in the ſame Steps: ’Tis not enough to have been begot by ſuch a Man, or born of ſuch a Woman, without following their Example. Nay, we expect more from a Perſon of an eminently virtuous Extraction, he muſt improve on the illuſtrious Model, or we look on him as a kind of baſtard Offspring, and unworthy of his Parent’s Name or Reſpect.

A Long Pauſe here gave Eovaai an opportunity of replying; but ſhe G3found G3v 126 found By this we may imagine, that the Hiſtorian himſelf was a Favourer of the Republican Syſtem of Government; and from thence infer, that in thoſe times it ſeem’d beſt calculated for the Happineſs of Mankind. ſo much Juſtice in the latter Part of his Diſcourſe, that ſhe was at a loſs in what manner ſhe ſhou’d do ſo; and was almoſt ready to give up the Diſpute: Which the other perceiving, wou’d not purſue the Argument, thinking he had done enough in convincing her Mind, without obliging her to confeſs ſhe had been in the wrong; and contented himſelf with concluding in theſe Terms:

Much more, Madam, continued he, might be added, to prove that a Republick has in it all the Advantages of a Monarchy, without any of the Inconveniencies; but as Obſervation and Experience are the beſt Inſtructors, I dare believe, that on comparing the one Form of Government with the other, nothing will be wanting to make you judge as I do.

After this, the Converſation turned on different Subjects; and the Princeſs of Ijaveo, from this time forward, forboreG4r 127 forbore to ſay any thing which might give riſe to Arguments ſhe found herſelf ſo little able to confute. The truth is, that if ſhe were not a Convert to all the Republican Principles, ſhe at leaſt thought ſome of them ſo highly reaſonable, that ſhe reſolved, if ſhe was ever happy enough to regain her Crown, ſhe wou’d make them Part of the Conſtitution; and to live in ſuch a manner herſelf, as ſhould render the Expences of Regal State no way oppreſſive to the People. How fluctuating is Human Nature! how variable in its Inclinations! How little able to withſtand the Force of Perſuaſion and Example! She who, by the Inſinuations of Ochihatou, had imagin’d Princes might exalt themſelves to Gods, and had a right to tread on the Necks of Millions, ruin’d to ſupport that Arrogance; was now, by this Republican, brought into as great an Extreme of Humiliation, and ready to reſign even that decent Homage and reſpectful Awe which were the Requiſites of her Place. But as it is impoſſible for the moſt diſcreet and ſcrutinous Examiner into himſelf, when out of Power, to know what he will do when in, the preſent Notions of Eovaai cou’d have given but ſlender Aſſurances to her Subjects of her future Conduct; and had ſhe been immediatelyG4diatelyG4v 128 diately reſtor’d, wanting that The Jewel left her by Eojaeu; and, by what has been ſaid before concerning the Virtues of it, and now enforced by this Paſſage, it certainly muſt have contain’d ſome Myſteries which we, in theſe latter Ages of the World, how wiſe ſoever we think ourſelves, can have no Idea of. ſacred Director of her Will, and of that of all her Family, the Gift of the divine Aiou, it is probable her Head, grown Methinks, this Suppoſition is a little unjuſt to one who was born to a Throne, and had really been in poſſeſſion of it; ſince it is the ſudden and unexpected Tranſition from Meanneſs to Grandeur, which, according to the received Opinion, intoxicates the Brain, and renders the Perſon ſo raiſed inſolent, cruel, avaritious, and full of all the Diſpoſitions of a Tyrant. giddy with the Elevation, might have loſt all Memory of what ſhe had determined in her low Eſtate. But not to anticipate the Reader’s Curioſity:

While ſhe was thus forming Projects for the Happineſs of a People, over whom, tho’ by means ſhe cou’d not foreſee, ſhe hoped once more to be eſtabliſhed, Deſigns were laid to render her entirely and eternally incapable of any thing but the loweſt, moſt abject, and withal, the moſtG5r 129 moſt unpitied Wretchedneſs. Ochihatou was not of a Diſpoſition to give up any Point he had once fix’d his Heart upon, and that of enjoying Eovaai, was of ſo much Conſequence to his Peace, that he cou’d not abandon it, without trying all the Stratagems that his own fertile Invention, or wicked Art, could ſuggeſt. He had, by his uſual Artifices, prevail’d on the Ambaſſador of Habul, to retard his intended Departure for a few days, within which time he doubted not but to find ſome The before-mentioned Manuſcript informs us, that this Miniſter was excellent at temporary Expedients. Expedient to ſet all right again with that Monarch. And having thus got off, at leaſt poſtpon’d an Affair which threatned him with ſo much Miſchief, returned haſtily to the Grove where he had left the Princeſs: His Rage, at finding ſhe had quitted not only that Place, but the whole Kingdom of Hypotofa, cou’d be exceeded by nothing but that which ſeized him, when, on conſulting the Ypres concerning her retreat, he was informed ſhe was in Oozoff, a Country which, as Alhahuza had truly told her, was wholly out of the reach of wicked Magick. NeitherG5ther G5v 130 ther aerial, terreſtrial, nor infernal Spirits, cou’d, in this juncture, be of ſervice to him: He rav’d, he curs’d the Inſufficiency of his Science; and, for ſome Moments, behaved little like that artful Politician, whoſe Subtilty had enſlaved the braveſt Nation in the World, and ſeduced the wiſeſt. But this Guſt of ſtormy Paſſion blowing over, he endeavoured to baniſh all Thoughts on what was impoſſible to be done, to make way for thoſe on what was not ſo; and after comparing, examining, and condemning an infinite Number of Projects, which, by turns, preſented themſelves for Approbation, he at length made choice of the following one.

He cauſed twenty of his Dependants, He who has the Treaſures of a plundered Nation in his hands, can never be without ſuch Inſtruments; whom our Author very juſtly terms Wretches. Wretches capable of undertaking any thing for Hire, to attire themſelves in mean Habits, and repair to Oozoff, pretending they took ſhelter in that Republick from the Calamities brought on Hypotofa, by the Avarice and Cruelty of himſelf; which he knew would readily enough1G6r 131 enough gain Credit with a People, who, tho’ they carried fair to him, as indeed they did with all the World for their own Intereſt, he was ſenſible, knew very well the little Truſt was to be repoſed in him either at home or abroad. Theſe Men he ordered to take up ſome Occupation, as Perſons that intended to ſettle there, and had no means of living but an honeſt Labour; and to take up their abode as near as poſſible to the Reſidence of Eovaai, to the end they might obſerve all her Motions, and be ready to bear her off when they ſaw a fit Opportunity: the means by which they ſhould do ſo, he left to them as moſt proper Judges, being on the Spot, of what was likely to ſucceed, and what was not.

As he was equally liberal, even to Profuſeneſs, to the Agents of his Will, and implacably and cruelly revengeful to thoſe who failed in the Execution of it; it is not to be doubted, but that the Perſons employed in this Enterprize, were indefatigable in every thing that ſeemed to promiſe the Accompliſhment of it. They were inceſſant Spies on all the Actions of this unfortunate Princeſs, and having diſcovered that, imagining herſelf in a Place of perfect Security, ſhe frequently G6walkedG6v 132 walked alone, indulging Meditation in an adjacent Wood, they thought a more fair Occaſion could not preſent itſelf for the Execution of their Deſign; and therefore reſolved not to let it ſlip. They provided a A ſort of Carriage on which dead Perſons were ordinarily laid; but whether any thing like thoſe now in uſe, it is impoſſible to be aſcertain’d. Scahi, and ſeven or eight of them concealing it with themſelves behind the Trees till her Approach, ruſh’d forth at once, ſeized and bound her upon it with Cords, ſtop’d the Cries ſhe was about to make, with an Inſtrument they thruſt into her Mouth, and covered her over with Moſs and Branches of Yew and Willow; then carried her forth, uttering the moſt bitter Lamentations all the way, as if for the Loſs of one of their Countrymen, who they ſaid was dead, and they were going to interr without the City- Walls. This Pretence had the wiſh’d Effect; none had the leaſt Suſpicion of the Deceit, and they paſſed the Gates without Moleſtation or any further Enquiry. Being arrived into an open Plain beyond the Juriſdiction of the Republick of Oozoff, they were met by their Companions, according to Appointment, withG7r 133 with a Chariot, into which having relieved her of her Bonds, and given her Tongue that Liberty, which they now no longer feared, they compelled her to enter, and in this manner equally regardleſs of her Supplications or Exclaimings, brought her to the Palace of Ochihatou.

’Twould be more the Buſineſs of a Paraphraſe than a Hiſtory, to go about to relate the various Emotions which roſe in the Mind of Eovaai at this ſudden Turn of Fate; nor is it at all neceſſary for the better underſtanding her Adventures, ſince any one who remembers ſhe was now happily reſtored to Virtue, will naturally infer, they muſt be all made up of Shame, Fear, Deteſtation, and the moſt ſhocking Apprehenſions. She was conducted into an Apartment, where ſhe paſt the little time of her being left alone in imploring the Protection of the Celeſtial Genii, and in particular that of Aiou and Halafamai. On the firſt Appearance of Ochihatou, ſhe found indeed that ſhe had ſufficient Occaſion for ſo doing. His very Looks at his Entrance made her tremble for the Actions ſhe expected would enſue. You ſee, my fair Fugitive, ſaid he, with a Countenance in which triumphant Villany was painted toG7v 134 to the Life, with how much Eaſe I ſurmount whatever Difficulties are thrown in the way of my Deſires.――Your pretended Tenderneſs, ’tis true, deceived me for a time, and I was willing to owe my Happineſs rather to your Inclination than my own Power; but ſince you have forfeited all Claim to my Complaiſance, by an ill-judg’d Flight from Hypotofa, you muſt now reſolve to aid my Pleaſures in the way others have done before you. ――I ſhall no more entreat where I have ſo full a Command; and if you hope to regain any part of that Reſpect I before treated you with, you muſt employ the Hour I give you in contriving ſome new Method of heighthing the Raptures of Enjoyment, out-do all I have ever found in the warmeſt and moſt artful of your Sex, be more than ever Woman was, and force me in unexperienced Extacies to pardon what is paſt, and own you merit future Favour. He waited not her Reply, but with theſe Words, accompanied with an inſolent Toſs of his Head, flung out of the Room, leaving the Princeſs in a Condition which it would be impoſſible to expreſs. The ſhameful Remembrance of thoſe indecent and vicious Liberties ſhe had indulged him in, becoming more poignant at his Preſence; theG8r 135 the Horror of thoſe ſhe now was threatned with, and the little poſſibility there ſeemed of avoiding being ſubjected to his Will, almoſt ſtupified her Spirits, and by deſpairing of Relief, ſhe became incapable of imploring it.

As ſhe was in this ſad Situation, a Monkey which was faſtned by a Chain to one Corner of the Room, and was before unnoticed by her, leap’d ſuddenly againſt the Wall, and having pulled down a The Manuſcript giving an Account of the various Enchantments practiſed by Ochihatou, tells us the Spells given him for that purpoſe by the Ypres, or infernal Spirits, were engraved on Tablets of the Boles of Yew, and petrified into Stone, by lying a certain Time in a particular River, dedicated to the Powers of Darkneſs. Tablet, came and preſented it to her between its Paws. The Oddneſs of this Action made her a little recover the Power of Reflection, and perceiving the Creature pointed to ſome Words engraven on it, and at the ſame time put itſelf into a Poſture more expreſſively beſeeching, than could be accounted for, in an Animal void of Reaſon; ſhe could not help believing there was ſome extraordinary Myſtery couch’d under this ſeeming Accident; and examining the Characters, andG8v 136 and endeavouring, if poſſible, to comprehend their Meaning, ſhe repeated them three times over; which ſhe had no ſooner done, than, to her inexpreſſible Amazement, ſhe ſaw before her, inſtead of the Monkey, a Woman, of a very graceful Appearance, tho’ pretty far advanced in Years. This ſudden and ſtrange Tranſformation deprived her for a Moment of the uſe of more than half her Faculties; ſhe was all Eyes, and thoſe were fixed rather in a ſtupid than enquiring State; which the other perceiving, Let not your Surprize, ſaid ſhe, render you incapable of the only means the Immortal Gods allow for your defence againſt the Power of Ochihatou.――If you are indeed deſirous of avoiding his Embraces, rouze from this Lethargy of Mind, and prepare yourſelf to do as I ſhall direct. What are you? cry’d the Princeſs, not yet recovered. A Woman, as you are, reply’d the late-ſeeming Monkey, a Virgin too; but by the Cruelty and Revenge of the implacable Ochihatou, compell’d to languiſh out my Days under that ridiculous and deteſted Form you juſt now ſaw me in; and to which I muſt again return. It is however in my power, and in mine alone, to preſerve you from the Effects of that wild Paſſion your Beauty hasG9r 137 has inſpired him with.――Liſten therefore, with Patience and Attention, to my Story; and whatever may be your Opinion of my Conduct, forbear to blame thoſe Errors which are fatal only to myſelf, and extremely fortunate for you.

Eovaai having teſtify’d her Readineſs to comply with all her Injunctions, the other reſumed her Diſcourſe in theſe Terms.

The Hiſtory of Atamadoul, Maid of Honour, and afterwards firſt Woman of the Bedchamber to Syllalippe, Princeſs of Aſſadid.

My Name, ſaid ſhe, is Atamadoul: I am deſcended by my Father’s Side from a Family almoſt as ancient as the World itſelf, and by my Mother’s, from a Branch of the Blood Royal of Aſſadid. It was in that Court where I firſt ſaw Light, where I was bred in all the gay Delights of Life; and where I might ſtill have dwelt in Pomp and Honour, had I eitherG9v 138 either ſooner, or not at all, experienced a Paſſion, which has no Medium in its Conſequences, and never fails to render the Perſon poſſeſt of it extremely happy or extremely miſerable. As I never could boaſt an extraordinary Beauty, ſo I wanted not enough of the Agreeable to make me very much admired. My Youth, beſides that Chearfulneſs which is almoſt inſeparable from it, was accompanied with a certain Air; which I have been told, even by thoſe leaſt concern’d to pleaſe me, had ſomething in it more attractive than the moſt dazling Whiteneſs of Skin, or Regularity of Features. However it was, no Lady about Court was treated with more Reſpect and Obſequiouſneſs by her Lovers, or had a more numerous Train of them. Had they been fewer, and their Devoirs leſs flattering, perhaps I had not been the Wretch I am, but my Vanity was ſwell’d till it overwhelm’d my Reaſon: I began to fancy myſelf born only to be adored, and that I merited more than all Mankind could pay. I could not think of parting with my Power over ſo many Slaves for any Conſideration; wholly untouch’d by any ſoft Emotion, in the pain I gave them conſiſted my chief Pleaſure; and never reflecting that every Day ſtole from me ſomethingG10r 139 ſomething of my Charms, that a terrible Decay would ſoon enſue, and all my Triumphs wither with my Bloom; I looked on all the Overtures of Marriage made me by my Friends, as ſo many Indignities to my Beauty’s Prerogative; and declared myſelf ſo great an Enemy to that State, that in time they forbore preſſing me. I was two and twenty when I entered myſelf among the Number of thoſe Virgins who attended the Princeſs Syllalippe, then an Infant of five Years old; and tho’ I had frequent Hints from my Companions of the Diſparity of my Age with theirs, none of them exceeding ſixteen or ſeventeen, I The Commentator will have it, that in the Character of Atamadoul, that of her whole Sex is decypher’d. The Author of the Remarks alſo adds, that a Woman is the firſt in believing herſelf handſome, and the laſt in finding ſhe grows old. But as we ſee no antiquated Coquets in our Days, we muſt ſuppoſe theſe Reflections are only juſt on the Ladies of former Ages. took all they ſaid as the Effects of Envy for my ſuperior Perfections; and tho’ I hated them for it, was far from being mortified myſelf. Thus did I ſuffer Years after Years to roll away without one ſerious Thought, nor would be prevailed upon to quit my Poſt ofG10v 140 of Maid of Honour, till by remaining in it I became the Deriſion of the whole Court; and the Queen herſelf, in pity of my Weakneſs, obliged me to exchange it for firſt Woman of the Bedchamber, the Princeſs being now arrived at an Age to have her Houſhold ſettled, in a manner befitting the Heireſs of Empire, ſhe being the only Child; and indeed it was done with a Splendour not at all inferiour to that of her Royal Parents. To expreſs the Charms of that young Beauty would be impoſſible; ſo I ſhall only ſay, none but thoſe you are Miſtreſs of could come in any Competition with them; nor were thoſe of her Mind leſs to be admired. She had all the Softneſs of our Sex, without any of the Affectation; Wit, unaccompanied by Vanity; and Virtue, without Pride. She beheld half the Princes of the Earth dying at her Feet, with a Pity excited by the Generoſity of her Nature, but entirely free from that Senſibility of their Paſſion, which each endeavour’d to inſpire. As ſhe had no Averſion to Marriage, ſo ſhe yet diſcovered not the leaſt Inclination to it; and the King and Queen, who loved her with the Tenderneſs ſo many amiable Qualities merited from them, would not urge her overmuch upon a Theme they found notG11r 141 not pleaſing to her. But at length the fatal Moment arrived, which was to convince both her and the unfortunate Atamadoul, that Love, by being long repulſed, triumphs but the more. Ochihatou came to Aſſadid, and had the Boldneſs to declare his Pretenſions to my Princeſs: the Gracefulneſs of his Perſon, the engaging Manner of his Addreſs, his Wit, his Gallantry, and perhaps his Science, had ſo powerful an Effect, that he no ſooner came, than conquer’d; her Heart that had withſtood the Aſſaults of ſo many Sovereign Princes, yielded to the firſt Summons of a Man no way her equal; and as ſhe was of a Humour averſe to all kinds of Deceit, ſhe endeavoured not to diſguiſe the Tenderneſs he had inſpired her with, but gave him all the Proofs of it that Modeſty would permit. Their Majeſties, however, were ſo highly offended at his Preſumption, that they forbad him the Court and Kingdom, and ſtrictly enjoin’d the Princeſs to hold no farther Communication with him, either by Letters or Meſſages. She was too dutiful a Daughter to do any thing contrary to their Will, and reſolved a perfect Obedience to this Command, tho’ much the ſevereſt ſhe had ever received. The Agonies ſhe endured in the Conflict, between VirtueG11v 142 Virtue and Inclination, were ſo violent, that to behold them, would have drawn Tears from any Eyes, but thoſe of a Rival; but I muſt confeſs my Cruelty in this Point, I loved Ochihatou, had envied her the Conqueſt of his Heart, and felt the extremeſt Satisfaction in finding there was a Bar, which I knew would be indiſſoluble, put between the Completion of their mutual Deſires. As the Gratification this gave my Malice was all I could hope; ſo, for ſome moments, ’twas all I wiſh’d: But alas! the burning Paſſion, for I can call it no other, with which I was inflamed, ſoon reminded me, that Revenge afforded but an imperfect Bliſs. I found, I could not live without the Sight of Ochihatou, and as he was obliged to quit Aſſadid for ever, the Pain my beautiful Rival ſuſtained, wou’d but ſerve to ſhew my own Miſery in the ſtronger Colours, who languiſhed in the ſame Calamity, without the Conſolation of being pitied, or even thought on by the dear Author of our common Woes. Reflections, ſuch as theſe, put me on racking my Invention how to make the Diſappointment of their Loves ſubſervient to my own Aim; and Syllalippe, honouring me with a perfect Confidence, I perſuaded her, that neither Duty nor ReaſonG12r 143 Reaſon demanded ſhe ſhou’d be ſo far ungrateful to the Paſſion of Ochihatou, as to ſuffer him to depart, without letting him know at leaſt, that ſhe bore an equal Share in his Misfortune. Overcome by the Arguments induſtrious Love inſpired me with, ſhe at length conſented I ſhou’d go to him in her Name, and ſay every thing I thought proper for his Conſolation. I cannot ſay, that I flatter’d my ſelf with any thing further in this Viſit, than the Pleaſure of ſeeing him again, and talking to him; my Vanity had received ſo many Mortifications of later Years, that I cou’d not hope he wou’d turn his Addreſſes to me, ſince diſappointed in them to my Princeſs: yet did I ſpare nothing that day, which I thought might contribute to the rendring me agreeable; but alas! his Behaviour to me ſoon convinced me, the Errand on which I came, was all that recommended me to his Civilities. He expreſſed ſo much Deſpair, at the Thoughts of never ſeeing Syllalippe more, that I was ready to burſt with ſpite; and the violent Emotions of my Heart making a viſible Alteration in my Countenance, he, little ſuſpicious of the real Motive, imagined it proceeded only from my Compaſſion. Kind Atamadoul! ſaid he, how obliging is the Con-G12v 144 Concern you teſtify for my Sufferings; and how infinitely bound ſhou’d I be for ever to your Goodneſs, if you wou’d exert that Influence I know you have over your adorable Miſtreſs, to prevail with her to recede yet a little more from that ſevere Duty, which wou’d tear her from me. Theſe Words were accompanied with ſo tender a Preſſure of my Hand, that my very Heart thrilled, every Pulſe was in confuſion; and, without conſidering what I ſpoke, Wou’d to Heaven, cried I, it were in my power to give your Sorrows eaſe. Endeavour it then, reſumed he impatiently, if Syllalippe loves as ſhe a thouſand times has made me hope, ſhe will rather chuſe to abandon Aſſadid for ever, than reſolve to ſee me fall the Victim of Deſpair: Nor need ſhe fear a Diminution of her State; ſhe ſhall live adored, and be more than Queen in Hypotofa, cou’d my fond Paſſion but perſuade her to fly with me to a Place where I, in effect, rule all, and all ſhou’d be at her Devotion. I wiſh, anſwered I, there were a Probability of her complying; but I have been told, you are Maſter of a Science, which enables you to become, in all things, the Maſter of your Aim, without the ſlow Reſult of any Choice but your own: If ſo, methinks, it’s eaſy for you toH1r 145 to bear the Princeſs hence, yet ſave her the Guilt of yielding.

You will doubtleſs be ſurprized, continued Atamadoul, to be told, I gave advice ſo contrary, in appearance, to the Intereſt of my Paſſion; but the Sequel of my unhappy Story will convince you, I acted, in this point, a Part, as I imagined, extemely artful: I knew it was in my power, by betraying all to the King, to diſappoint whatever Meaſures ſhou’d be taken for the accompliſhment of their Loves, provided I was appriſed of them; which I cou’d no way be, but by winding myſelf into his Confidence. I had alſo a half-formed Idea of a farther Deſign, which alas! I afterward had an opportunity of compleating, to my own everlaſting Shame and Ruin. But I will haſten to a Cataſtrophe, which I ſee you are impatient for, and which is indeed too ſhocking to me to ſuffer me to dwell long upon.

My Behaviour working the intended Effect, of making him believe, I wiſh’d nothing more than to ſee him poſſeſt of the Princeſs; he open’d his whole Heart to me without reſerve. He told me, he was indeed ſo great a Proficient in Magick, Hthat H1v 146 that there were but few things he cou’d not obtain by it; but that having conſulted his Agents in that Art, he found two things; firſt, that Syllalippe was under the Guardianſhip of a Genius, from whoſe Protection ſhe was not to be wreſted without her own Conſent; and ſecondly, that ſhou’d ſhe yield to make an eſcape with him, and the Deſign, by any Accident, be fruſtrated, all Attempts afterward wou’d be in vain: I therefore, added he, muſt obtain her by her own free Will, and at once, or never hope to do it. He then proceeded to entreat me to urge her on this Theme, which I as readily promiſed, nay, ſwore to do; and took my leave, as going on the Performance: But, in truth, to put the finiſhing Stroke to that Plot, which I told you on the beginning of my Converſation with him, had ſtarted into my head, and was of no leſs conſequence than putting myſelf in the Princeſs’s place, and being conveyed away by him in her ſtead.

’Twoul’d be unneceſſary to detain you with Particulars; ſo I ſhall only ſay, my Stratagem was but too ſucceſsful: After having left him only ſo long a time, as he might imagine it might take me to prepare Syllalippe, I returned to him, told himH2r 147 him my Interceſſion, join’d with her extreme Tenderneſs, had got the better of her Duty and Allegiance; that ſhe conſented to leave Aſſadid, and wou’d come into the Palace Garden when it grew dark; where, if he cou’d provide any means for her eſcape, ſhe wou’d put her ſelf under his direction, for her whole future Life. The Joy with which he received theſe Tidings is not to be expreſs’d; he called me the Preſerver of his Life, the ſole Beſtower of all the Happineſs he wiſh’d on Earth; and tho’ he never wants Words to declare his Meaning in the moſt efficacious Terms, never did I hear his Tongue flow with ſuch harmonious Eloquence as on this occaſion. As a Teſtimony of his Gratitude, he put a Ring upon my Finger, of ſovereign Virtue to preſerve an eternal Gaiety of Deſire and amorous Warmth; This, ſaid he, whenever you think fit to make a Man happy in your Embraces, will bind him to you in the moſt laſting Chains; ſhe who wears this, will never know a Decay of Inclination; and, by being capable of receiving, will alſo give the higheſt Raptures Nature can ſupport, or Love afford. Small was the need I had of ſuch a Preſent; I gladly accepted it however; and the time for his meeting Syllalippe being H2fixed H2v 148 fixed for thirteen Seconds and a half after the Noon of Night, I flew as to acquaint her with it; but, in reality, to get every thing ready for my own departure. The wiſh’d-for Moment being arrived, I went into the Garden, wrapp’d up in a Veil he had often ſeen the Princeſs wear, and had taken notice of for the Curiouſneſs of the Work, it being the fineſt blue Net in the World, embroider’d all over with ſilver Stars. There was ſo little difference between us in Shape and Stature, that a Perſon, leſs prepoſſeſs’d that it cou’d be none but herſelf who came to meet him, might have been eaſily deceived: He enter’d at the ſame time I did; and perceiving me at a diſtance, ran to me, catch’d me in his Arms, preſs’d me to his Boſom with an Ardor which ſhew’d the Vehemence of his Paſſion; I trembling, between the Extaſy his Careſſes gave me, and the Fears of being diſcover’d, had now little the Power of making uſe of any Artifice; yet the Confuſion I was in, appeared ſo like what might be expected from the Modeſty of the real Syllalippe, that perhaps it was of greater ſervice in carrying on the Deception. This, however, not being a Place forH3r149 for Congratulations, he utter’d ſome myſtick Words, on which a Chariot, which ſeem’d made of one entire Emrald, and drawn by ſix wing’d Horſes, immediately preſented it ſelf before us: We went into it, and were no ſooner ſeated, than our aerial Steeds bore us far above the Tops of the moſt lofty Turrets. Not Thought it ſelf was quicker than our Flight; my Head was giddy with the Rapidity; but he, more accuſtomed to ſuch Ætherial Voyages, ſhewed not the leaſt Alteration, but continued kiſſing and embracing me, with Tranſports ſuch as leaves me no room to doubt, he wou’d have proceeded, even in that hurrying moment of our Paſſage, to the laſt Gratification of his furious Deſires, had he not been deterr’d by the knowledge that the Vehicle which contain’d us, unable to ſuſtain the Rapture, wou’d have This ſeems to prove what ſeveral Naturaliſts of later Ages have endeavour’d to maintain, that the Emrald is a Stone of ſuch Purity, as to endure no unchaſte Endearments. burſt in pieces, and thrown us headlong down.

Tho’ Aſſadid is ſome thouſands of Leagues diſtant from Hypotofa, we were here in leſs than ſeven Minutes: I need H3not H3v150 not tell you in what manner I was received, ſince it was juſt the ſame in which you your ſelf was uſher’d in. He led me immediately into this Chamber; and having made a ſign to his Attendants to retire, Now, my deareſt Syllalippe, I may call you mine! ſaid he; now do I triumph over the Genius that would have withheld you from me! now is it not in the Power of Heaven, or even Hahehihotu infers from this, that the Hypotofans believed the Gods themſelves were in ſubjection to a ſuperior Power, which they call’d Fate. Fate itſelf, to hinder me from being the happieſt of Mankind! He had ſcarce made an end of pronouncing theſe Words, when ſeizing me with an Extaſy which no Language can deſcribe, he threw off my Veil!―― But, Oh Gods! how is it poſſible for me to repreſent, in what manner he looked, when, inſtead of the young blooming Syllalippe, he found the decayed, the wither’d Atamadoul.――He let me fall from his Arms; ―― he ſtood ſpeechleſs, motionleſs; wild Horror wandered over every Feature, a Paleneſs, like that of Death, o’erſpread his Lips and Cheeks, and his Eyes ſeem’d to ſtart with Fierceneſs inconceivable.ceivable.H4r 151 ceivable. Tho’ I had expected little leſs from the Shock I believed muſt attend the firſt Diſcovery of this Diſappointment, yet was I frighted beyond all meaſure at it; but ſtill flattering my ſelf, that when he ſhou’d conſider there was no remedy, he would forgive and pity a Fault, occaſioned only by my too violent Love; I fell upon my knees, I kiſs’d his Feet, I ſet forth the Influence his Perfections had made in my Heart, in the moſt tender and moſt paſſionate Terms, and begged he would rather kill than hate me for what I had done. The Extremity of his Rage not permitting him to ſpeak, I had full Opportunity to ſay every thing that I thought might move him to Compaſſion; and ſure, my Love inſpired me, at that time, with the ſofteſt and moſt endearing Expreſſions that Tongue e’er utter’d. At laſt, his Mouth open’d, and the ſtruggling Paſſion, which I believe wou’d elſe have choak’d him, vented it ſelf in the moſt unheard of Curſes, Imprecations, and Revilings: Thou Toad, cried he, thou Serpent, or, if there be any thing more loathſome, that ſhall be thy Name――how dareſt thou add to the Miſchief thou haſt done me, the Perſecution of thy nauſeous Love?――the very Word is odious, coming from Lips H4 like H4v152 like thine.――Coud’ſt thou imagine thy ſtale, thy fulſome Embraces, cou’d compenſate for the Joys thou haſt deprived me of with the incomparable Syllalippe? Or, that I ſhould ever be prevail’d upon to take a thing like thee into my Arms? No, all the Pleaſure thou art capable of affording me, is the Gratification of my Revenge, which I will exerciſe in ſuch a manner, as ſhall deter all Woman-kind from aiming at Delights they are paſt the power of giving. With theſe Words he ſpurn’d me from him, and turned away. I followed him ſtill on my knees, hung upon his Robe, and anſwered theſe cruel Reproaches but with Tears, and Beſeechings; but I ſoon found, that if theſe Humiliations had any effect at all on his Heart, it was but to render it more remorſeleſs; and, after a long Pauſe, Thou ſhalt not die, ſaid he, but live a laſting Monument of thy own Shame. Be, continued he, in ſhape of Body, what thou long haſt been in Mind: Then ſpit upon me, and ſpoke ſome The Cabal were very careful to ſuppreſs theſe Words; fearing that, by deſign or accident, they might be repeated, and cauſe other Transformations of this kind; but we fear their Caution Caution has been in vain, and the Secret is by ſome means or other diſcovered; for, tho’ we have no Magicians in our days, we ſee a great many Atamadoul Monkeys. Words, the MeaningingH5r 153 ing of which I was utterly unacquainted with; but they were no ſooner out of his Mouth, than I found my Tongue deprived of all articular Sounds, my Skin was covered with Hair, my Limbs contracted, and, in fine, my whole Perſon transformed into a Monkey. Now, reſumed he, for thy greater Curſe, be ſtill poſſeſt of thoſe Deſires thou ne’er canſt gratify.―― Love me with greater Violence than ever; and, in this Chamber, be witneſs of the Extaſies I ſhall indulge with others. After this, he call’d a Servant, who chained me in the manner you ſaw, and in which I have ever ſince remained.

You will ſuppoſe nothing cou’d have been added to ſo cruel a Puniſhment; but the Magician has Arts of Torture beyond all Comprehenſion but of thoſe they are practiſed on. ’Twas not enough to turn me into ſo obſcene a Form;――’Twas not enough to compel me to hear the Vows he gives to others in this fatal Chamber, and the Raptures he ſhares with them, when every Kiſs, when every H5Sigh H5v 154 Sigh Exceſs of Pleaſure cauſes in them, pierces to my Soul! when wild Deſires, Deſpair, and unavailing Rage, racks every Fibre in this wretched Frame, and makes me all o’er Agony! Yet this, all this, he looks on as inſufficient for his Vengeance; and taking no leſs a Delight in the gratification of his Malice, than any other Luſt, diverts himſelf with my Miſery, in a manner impoſſible to be gueſs’d at. He cauſes a very ugly and over-grown Baboon to be brought into the Room to me, which taking me for one of his own Species, leaps upon me, careſſes me after the way of thoſe Animals, till my Strength is wearied out with ſtruggling; and, in ſpite of my Horror at ſuffering ſo deteſtable an Action, the Brute is ſometimes very near taking an entire Poſſeſſion of me. The cruel Ochihatou is all this while laughing, and deriding me with the moſt opprobrious Reflections; nor conſents to relieve, but in order to renew my Affliction. Day after Day is the ſame ſhocking Scene repeated; and, as his Hatred to me ſeems rather to augment than abate, I ſhudder with the Apprehenſion, leſt it ſhould at length carry him ſo far as to permit the odious Animal to gain an entire Victory over me.

To H6r 155

To compleat my Miſery, reſumed ſhe, I ſtill languiſh in the moſt conſuming Fires for my inhumane Perſecutor; and it is this Propenſity in me, which muſt preſerve you from becoming an immediate Victim to his Paſſion: Counterfeit therefore a yielding to his Will; if you are not ſufficiently practiſed in the Arts of Diſſimulation, to act the part of one who is really in love with him, pretend at leaſt that your Virtue recedes to Neceſſity, and that you think it better to ſubmit patiently to what you find is unavoidable, than, by fruitleſs Reſiſtance, incenſe a Perſon in whoſe power you are; only make it your Requeſt, that, for Modeſty’s ſake, he will ſuffer the Lights to be extinguiſhed, the firſt time at leaſt that you receive him to your Embraces. This obtain’d, the wretched Atamadoul will take your place. The Ring which keeps alive in me thoſe vehement Deſires, will alſo render me capable of gratifying, in the moſt extatick manner, thoſe in him; and, in ſpite of his Diſdain, I ſhall be once happy.

Eovaai now perceiving ſhe had done, and expected, with ſome Impatience, her Reply; I want Words, ſaid ſhe, to expreſs the Aſtoniſhment your H6Story H6v 156 Story has given me; nor will I waſte the time, ſo precious now, for both our Purpoſes, in any Teſtimonies either of my Diſapprobation of your Behaviour, or Compaſſion for your preſent State: I ſhall only ſay, I am ready to come into any Meaſures that ſhall preſerve my Virtue, and make you Miſtreſs of your Wiſhes.

In brief then, ſaid Atamadoul, ſhewing her the Tablet a ſecond time, behold theſe Characters engraven by the Fingers of the moſt ſubtil Ypre all The Cabal had a long Diſpute on the Meaning of this Word; ſome would have it Hell; others, the Bowels of the Earth: nor did they at laſt agree. Caibou affords: Theſe on the Top are to Transform, thoſe at the Bottom to Reform; there is a neceſſity I muſt return to that Shape his Cruelty has fixed upon me, that when he enters the Room he may ſee me as I was, and ſuſpect nothing of what has paſt between us; you muſt therefore utter theſe Words, (in ſpeaking this, ſhe pointed to her the Leſſon) and I ſhall be in that inſtant a Monkey;―― and afterwards, when to avoid his Love you wou’d have me a Woman, pronounce diſtinctly, but ſo as not to be overheard by him, theſe WordsH7r 157 Words which you have already repeated, and the Effect of which you have experienced.

Eovaai examined carefully the Characters, but to be more perfect in her Instructions, repeated them various times, and as often as ſhe did ſo, converted the Woman into a Monkey, and the Monkey into a Woman. Having made ſufficient Tryal of the force of theſe Words, Atamadoul reſumed her Corner, and fell to gnawing her Chain, as ſhe was wont; and the Princeſs of Ijaveo ſet down to conſider in what terms ſhe ſhould deceive Ochihatou into an Opinion, that ſhe had quitted all Thoughts of oppoſing his Deſires.

She aſſum’d, at his Entrance, an Air, neither gay nor ſad, but perfectly compoſed; and when he demanded if ſhe had reſolved on Compliance, where the means of reſiſting are denied, ſaid ſhe, The Queſtion might be ſpared. I ſee the Genii themſelves yield to your ſuperiour Arts: Virtue is found too weak to protect her Votary; and all I truſted in for my defence has left me.――But if you really think my Embraces can afford you any Pleaſures capable of compenſating for the pains you have been at, abuſe not, IH7v 158 I conjure you, the Power you have over me by any Act of Force; but ſuffer me, by thoſe Degrees becoming of my Sex and Birth, to reſign to you a Soul as well as Body; the one without the other would be unworthy of you, and beſtow no more than an imperfect Bliſs and fleeting Rapture.

Princess! anſwered he, looking on her with Eyes that ſeemed to penetrate her inmoſt Thoughts, I am not to be twice deceived by the ſame Perſon.—Who would have imagined, after what paſt between us in the Garden, I ſhould not have found you at my Return diſpoſed to grant the only remaining Joy Love had in ſtore.――Yet did you leave me, fly from me with the moſt cruel Enemy of my Happineſs, and betrayed by the Inſinuations of Halafamai, reſolve to ſee me no more.—How then is it poſſible I ſhould now give Credit to your Words?—My paſt Behaviour may have ſufficiently convinced you how loth I was to uſe Compulſion, and that my Ambition was to become Maſter of your Heart; but if by pretending to yield to me by Degrees, you mean only to gain Time, expecting perhaps a ſecond Deliverance, you flatter yourſelf with a vain Hope; for by the PowersH8r 159 Powers that rule the Realms of Darkneſs, I ſwear I will this moment enjoy your Perſon, diſpoſe your Heart by what Degrees you pleaſe.

From the very Beginning of this Diſcourſe Eovaai had reaſon to fear ſhe ſhould not be able to put her intended Stratagem in execution; and wholly diſpair’d of it, when at the Cloſe of it, he took hold of both her Hands, and endeavour’d to force her to a Couch, which was placed at the farther End of the Room. Her Confuſion permitted her to utter only half form’d Words, nor indeed was this a time, had ſhe been poſſeſt of Power, to urge her Requeſt; but the Lady Monkey having greater Preſence of Mind, and perceiving all was now at ſtake, leap’d to the String, on which hung a great Lamp enlightning all the Chamber, and making uſe of her utmoſt Strength, threw it out of the Pully; whereby falling to the Ground, the Flame went out, and left them all in Darkneſs. Eovaai, in ſpite of her Diſorder, comprehended the Meaning of this Action; and while Ochihatou ran to the Door to call Servants, that this Accident might be remedied, and the Light renew’d, ſhe haſtily pronounc’d the Words Ata-H8v 160 Atamadoul had taught her, then followed him, and catching hold of one his Arms; Since Chance, ſaid ſhe, with a Voice which had nothing of Severity in it, has thus far favour’d my Modeſty, all I beg is, that you will ſuffer us to remain in the Obſcurity we now are, nor ſee my Shame till I have enough overcome it to endure the Light.

’Tis not to be ſuppoſ’d, that the Ypres acquainted Ochihatou with every Tranſaction that happened, nor that he gave himſelf the Trouble of conſulting them on all occaſions; eſpecially on this, where there ſeem’d ſo little need of ſupernatural Aſſiſtance to render him Maſter of his Wiſhes. Far, therefore, from imagining Eovaai had any other Deſign in this Petition than what ſhe appear’d to have, he made no Scruple of granting it; and as he turned to take her again into his Arms, Atamadoul, who having now regain’d her own Shape, ſtood cloſe to Eovaai, had the Dexterity to put herſelf between them, and was carried inſtead of the other to the Couch. The Impatience of Ochihatou to reap the Joys he had ſo long languiſh’d for, annd the Fury of his Extacy in the ſuppoſed Attainment of them, allowing him no Breath forH9r 161 for Words, as well as the Diſorder of the Lady, render’d the profound Silence ſhe obſerved, not in the leaſt ſuſpected by him, and either by virtue of the Ring he had given her, or that ſhe had in herſelf ſufficient to gratify the moſt riotous Luxury of Love, he found her all that his warmeſt Imagination had ſuggeſted to him of the Princeſs of Ijaveo.

That Princeſs had all this time a ſtrange Flutter about her Heart, occaſion’d by vaſtly different Emotions: Thoſe of her late Fright; thoſe of her Joy, for having eſcaped ſo imminent a Danger, were neither of them yet quieted; but ſhe had others alſo more difficult to repel.――The tumultuous Pleaſures ſhe found the amorous Pair were involved in, the Fierceneſs of their Bliſs alarmed Nature (for Nature will be Nature ſtill) and ſhot unuſual Thrillings thro’ every Vein. Happy was it for her, that ſhe bethought herſelf of the Perſpective given her by Halafamai, tho’ perhaps The Commentator employs no leſs than three whole Pages in the moſt bitter Invectives on this Propenſity, which, he will have it, is only natural to Woman-kind. Curioſity had the greateſt ſhare in her making uſe of it at this Juncture. She no ſooner look’d throughH9v 162 through it, than inſtead of the ſmiling Loves ſhe expected to have ſeen, ſhe beheld two frightful and miſhapen Spectres, hovering over the Heads of Ochihatou and Atamadoul, and pouring upon them Phials of ſulphurous Fire; while a thouſand other no leſs dreadful to ſight, ſtood round the Couch, and with obſcene and antick Poſtures animated their polluted Joys. Sick to the Soul, and quite confounded with the horrid Proſpect, ſhe put her Glaſs again into her Pocket, and bleſs’d the Darkneſs which defended her from ſo ſhocking a Scene. She was beginning to make ſome Reflections on the Meanneſs of ſuffering Paſſions of any kind to get the Maſtery of Reaſon, when a ſudden and tumultuous Noiſe rouzed her from this Reſvery, and the Lovers from the Slumber they were juſt fallen into. Ochihatou ſtarted from the Couch to enquire into the Cauſe of this Diſturbance, and that Inſtant ſeven or eight Servants came running haſtily into the Room, crying, Where is my Lord? and as ſoon as they ſaw him, added, Fly, fly, my Lord, and eſcape the Miſchief that is intended you.――The City is in Arms—the Soldiery have join’d them— Alhahuza your mortal Enemy, with a choſen Band ſurrounds your Palace, and hasH10r 163 has already forced the outer Gates. While theſe were ſpeaking, others followed, confirming the ſame thing, and all had Terror and Confuſion in their Faces. ’Tis difficult to ſay, whether Ochihatou was more alarm’d at the News they brought, or amazed to find by the Lights they had in their Hands, that it was Atamadoul had fill’d his Arms; for, in this hurry, Eovaai had forgot to pronounce the myſtic Words, which ſhould have reduced that Lady to a Monkey. Never was any Rage equal to what he felt, and had not the Conſideration of his Safety interveen’d, even the Princeſs of Ijaveo herſelf might poſſibly have experienced the Effects of it, for having join’d in the Deception put upon him. Go, ſaid he, to his Attendants,—’tis in vain to make head againſt them—the inner Door will preſently be burſt—my Life, I know, is what they aim at—therefore let ſome of you delude their Search—direct them to find me in a different Apartment, while I beſtow the Moment is allowed me in thinking what to do. The Servants went out of the Room, having received theſe Orders; and Atamadoul perceiving by the Countenance of Ochihatou great part of what paſs’d in his Mind, threw herſelf trembling and all in Tears at his Feet,H10v 164 Feet, conjuring him, by all the Pleaſures of their late Endearments, to pardon the Fault of her unbounded Love. Eovaai alſo interceeded; but he refuſed to liſten either to the one or the other, and caſting the moſt furious Looks at both, It would require more time, ſaid he, than I have now to waſte, to inflict the Puniſhment your Crimes deſerve, and which neither of you ought to hope to eſcape. But as for thee, continued he, turning to Atamadoul, thou moſt deteſted Thing! be henceforward in the ſight of all Eyes the moſt hateful of all domeſtick Vermin. With theſe Words, he took a little Wand out of his Pocket, with which having ſtruck her on the Head, ſhe immediately became a huge grey Rat; and as if fearful of ſomething yet worſe than this Tranſformation, ran and hid herſelf behind the Tapiſtry. Eovaai was ready to die at this ſight; and without being able to ſpeak, fell upon her Knees, endeavouring, by that ſubmiſſive Poſture, to avert any Deſign he might have of exerciſing his magick Power over her in the ſame manner; when Ochihatou, putting up his Wand a little, reaſſured her, in theſe Words, No, ſaid he, ungrateful as you are, I ſhall for ſome time at leaſt ſuſpend my Reſentment againſt you. Then turning fromH11r 165 from her, he muttered ſome Words in a very low Voice, tho’ had he ſpoke much higher, they would have been wholly unintelligible to the Princeſs; which ended, he took her in his Arms, and bore her down a Pair of Stairs which led into the Garden. A large Machine, in form like a Lanthorn, and ſeemed made of Cryſtal, ſtood at the Entrance of one of the Walks, into which having thrown her, with the Air rather of a Tyrant than a Lover, he went in himſelf, and the ſame Inſtant an inviſible Hand lifted them up in Air, and they went with the Rapidity of Lightning many thouſand Leagues above all the Globes viſible to mortal Sight. Eovaai had been ſo terrified with what ſhe had ſeen happen to the unfortunate Atamadoul, that ſhe had ſuffered herſelf to be put into this enchanted Lanthorn, without making the leaſt Reſiſtance, and was but now beginning to reflect on the Miſeries that threatned her, thus entirely ſubjected to the Will of the Enchanter, when all at once they deſcended, and the Vehicle which had conveyed them in a moment vaniſh’d. Ochihatou all the time of their Paſſage had not once opened his Mouth, nor even caſt his Eyes on the Princeſs of Ijaveo, but ſeem’d involv’d in ſome deep and importantportantH11v 166 portant Thought. The horrid Gloom, which ſtill ſat on his Brow, encreaſed the Apprehenſions of his fair Companion; and tho’ at firſt ſhe was glad to find herſelf once more on Earth, yet when ſhe look’d round and ſaw no Proſpect of Relief from the Force he was at liberty to uſe her with, ſhe fell into a kind of inward Agony, which no Words are able to deſcribe. His Meditations at preſent were however employed on very different Subjects from that her Fears ſuggeſted: his amorous Inclinations receded to thoſe of his Ambition and Revenge. ――The Recovery of his loſt State, and turning the Miſchief intended againſt him on the Heads of his Enemies, were the Deſigns he was now forming; and when he had brought them, as he imagined, to ſome Maturity, Princeſs, ſaid, he, I will not go about to recapitulate the many Indignities with which you have treated my Paſſion, and hope you will equally forget thoſe Tranſgreſſions, which the too great Violence of it has made me guilty of to you. ―― Be aſſured, I will henceforward endeavour to gain your Affections only by ſuch means as may become the moſt ſubmiſſive Lover. ―― All I deſire of you, is to mention nothing of what is paſt, nor contradict what you ſhall hearH12r 167 hear me ſay at the Court where we ſhall immediately arrive, and where I do not doubt, but you will be received in a faſhion worthy your Birth and Virtues. Whether Eovaai really gave any Credit or not to the Promiſe he made her of regulating his Conduct, it certainly behoved her, in the preſent Situation, to ſeem as if ſhe did; and rejoiced to find that there was a Neceſſity at leaſt for his diſſembling any ill Deſigns he might have on her, anſwered him in terms which gave him no reaſon to apprehend either his paſt, or future Projects, would be betray’d by her. After ſome little Diſcourſe, which ſerved to aſſure both the one and the other of their mutual Dependance, he told her the Place they now were in, was the Kingdom of Huzbib; that Haminha the Sovereign thereof, had long maintained the ſtricteſt Amity with Oeros; and that he doubted not, but thro’ his Intereſt, to recover his former Greatneſs, to the Confuſion of thoſe who had attempted to overthrow it.

With this Diſcourſe they arrived at the Gates of a magnificent Palace, where Ochihatou making himſelf known to the Officers of the Houſhold, the King was immediately informed, and they wereH12v 168 were conducted to his Preſence. He received them very graciouſly, but teſtified ſome Surprize to behold ſo great a Man as Ochihatou, and a Lady ſuch as Eovaai appear’d to be, Viſitors at his Court, without Attendants, Equipages, or any other Mark of Diſtinction; but the Stateſman ſoon put an end to it by theſe Words:

It may juſtly be a Matter of Aſtoniſhment to your Majeſty, ſaid he, that a Man who ſo lately ruled, under Oeros, one of the moſt potent Kingdoms in the World, ſhould be at once diveſted of Power, Friends, and reduced to take ſhelter in a foreign Court.――Yet ſo it is, ――A Set of ambitious Men, who diſtinguiſhing themſelves by the Name of Patriots, (tho’ they are the rankeſt Traitors in their Hearts) by private Cabals and Inſinuations, have ſo poiſon’d the Minds of the Hypotofans, that even the moſt beneficent Actions of the Adminiſtration, ſeem to theſe deluded People as ſo many Oppreſſions; and, enflamed by their deſigning Leaders, they are become weary of The common Artifice of wicked Miniſters in all Ages, to render any Oppoſition to themſelves an Attempt againſt Monarchy. kingly Government,――they envyI1r 169 envy their Neighbours the Oozoffians,— cry out for Liberty, and reſolve to throw off the Yoke of Sovereignty.—My firm Attachment to the Crown was too well known, to give any room for hope, I cou’d ever be drawn into ſuch deteſtable Projects, the Ruin of my ſacred Maſter was to begin with mine. Accordingly, in the dead of Night, when I was ſleeping in my Bed, Alhahuza, the Head of the Rebel Faction, with a tumultuous Mob, ſurrounded my Palace, broke down the Gates, and had certainly made me the firſt Martyr to that Loyalty they had ſo ſhamefully thrown off, if my Skill in a Science, too abſtruſe for any of my Oppoſers to be Maſters of, had not furniſhed me with the Means of eſcaping their wild Fury. Amidſt the dreadful Diſorder of that Hour, continued he, preſenting Eovaii, I met this Princeſs, whoſe Virtues ſhou’d I attempt to deſcribe, muſt greatly ſuffer; ſo I ſhall only ſay, to engage a Welcome from the gracious Haminha, that being born Queen of Ijaveo, and driven thence by her rebellious Subjects, ſhe took refuge in the Court of Hypotofa, and alarmed at the Confuſion ſo like to that ſhe before had been Witneſs of at home, entreated I wou’d make her the Companion of my Flight from that deſtructive Scene. II I1v 170 I fearing, that neither her Rank nor Virtue might be a ſufficient Defence againſt thoſe Deſires her Beauty might inſpire, conſented to her Requeſt, and doubted not but ſhe wou’d find a certain Aſylum in the Goodneſs of your Majeſty. All I entreat for myſelf is Protection here; but for the Royal Oeros, my much wronged Sovereign, I have much more to urge; I who was his chief Bulwark againſt the Aſſaults of Faction, being beaten down, he is now defenceleſs from the Storm; and if not timely aſſiſted by your Majeſty, his moſt faithful Friend and Ally, muſt be depos’d, become a Slave to Slaves, and perhaps murder’d, for the better Security of thoſe Traitors, who, having proceeded thus far, will be intimidated from nothing. O Royal Oeros! moſt dear Maſter! ſacred Sovereign! added he, burſting into well-diſſembled Tears, what Shocks, what Inſults may’ſt thou not, even while I am ſpeaking, undergo! How may the Majeſty of Kings be trampled on, if Rebels, ſuch as theſe, are permitted to enjoy the Benefit of their Crimes!

Here he ceaſed, and had the pleaſure to find this artful Tale had all the effect he cou’d deſire; Haminha expreſs’d the utmoſt Abhorrence at the Proceedings ofI2r 171 of Alhahuza and his Adherents; and having given Orders that Eovaai and Ochihatou ſhou’d be conducted to Apartments, and waited on according to their Dnignities, diſpatch’d an Ambaſſador to Hypotofa, with a Commiſſion to denounce War againſt that Nation, if they did not immediately return to their Allegiance.

Eovaai was now entirely freed from the Perſecutions of Ochihatou; he ſaw her not but in publick; and when, at any time, he viſited her, it was accompanied by ſome Lord or other of the Court; and if, by accident, either walking in the Gardens, in the Temple, or in any other Place, he happened to have an opportunity of ſpeaking to her, unheard by any but herſelf, his Diſcourſes were ſuch as tended only to convince her, that he was aſhamed of his paſt Conduct, and had now for her an Affection worthy of her Virtue. He acted his part with ſo admirable a Dexterity, that the Princeſs of Ijaveo, tho’ Miſtreſs of a greater Share of Penetration than was uſually found in a Perſon of her Sex and Age, had doubtleſs been deceived into a belief of his Converſion, had not the Perſpective of Halafamai informed her of the contrary. Indeed, never had he practis’d a greater I2Self-I2v 172 Self-denial, than in the Reſtraint he put on his Deſires for the Enjoyment of this Princeſs; but ſhe was now continually ſurrounded with the Ladies of the Court, who were charm’d with her Society, and in their abſence had Attendants which ſerved as a kind of Guards to her; beſides, he had experienced the little Cauſe he had to hope ſhe wou’d conſent to gratify his Paſſion, and to attempt Force, wou’d have rendered him odious to Haminha, and been the total Ruin of his Deſigns: he therefore reſolved to confine himſelf within the Bounds of Decency, till he had her once more in a Place where nobody ſhou’d have the power to call him to account for any thing he did. This he was far from deſpairing to obtain; for he doubted not but Oeros wou’d give ſuch an Anſwer to the Ambaſſador of Haminha, as ſhould engage that Monarch to ſend a ſufficient number of Forces into Hypotofa, to expel, or put to the Sword Alhahuza, and all his Party, and he ſhould then return in Triumph.

But things had taken a Turn in that Kingdom the Reverſe of what he expected; and even much worſe for him than, in his moſt timid moments, his Imagination had ever ſuggeſted to him.

When 1 I3r 173

When Alhahuza, and the Patriot Band had every where ſearched in vain for Ochihatou, they flew tranſported with an honeſt Zeal to the Houſes of all thoſe who had aſſiſted his wicked Schemes, and rioted in the Spoils of a plunder’d and almoſt ruin’d Nation. None of the Aſſociates of that pernicious Stateſman was more truſted by him than Zinky; he therefore was deſigned as the firſt Sacrifice: but this Wretch, who exceeded Ochihatou himſelf in Acts of Cruelty, Rapine, and Oppreſſion, who knew neither Love nor Pity, and was ſo ſwell’d with Pride, while Villany was ſucceſsful, that he diſdained to hold Converſe even with his Fellow-Monſters, if leſs opulent than himſelf, now all at once The learned and judicious Uſquimiac ſets it down as an infallable Maxim, that a Mean- bearing in Adverſity, is the infallible Conſequence of Inſolence in Proſperity; and indeed, I never found any one Example, which contradicted the Truth of it. became the moſt abject Creature breathing, he proſtrated himſelf beneath the Feet of Alhahuza, confeſs’d his Crimes, and begg’d his Life with ſuch Submiſſions, as were below the Dignity of Man. But not all the Contempt, which ſuch a Behaviour muſt naturally excite, could make the I3virtuousI3v 174 virtuous Patriot think him beneath the Puniſhment his enormous Crimes had merited; he therefore ordered he ſhould be hang’d in Chains, till he died, from one of the higheſt Windows in his own Houſe. The enrag’d Populace immediately ſeized on him, and were hurrying him away to Execution; when he cried out, with a loud Voice, Hear me, hear me, I have that to diſcover will well deſerve the Life I beg.—Ochihatou, in me alone, has repoſed the Secret of the Enchantment, which has ſo long deprived you of your King.—In me it lies to reſtore him to you ſuch as he was before the Ambition of the Miniſter poiſon’d his Faculties, and threw Reaſon into a Lethargy.—Let me but live, and I will tell you all.Alhahuza was too loyal, and too truly attach’d to the Intereſt of the King, to ſuffer any Conſiderations to outweigh thoſe of ſerving him: He commanded the Traitor to be brought back, and having aſſured him of a Pardon, at leaſt ſo far as concern’d Life, if he could make good what he had promiſed, Zinky related the whole Story of the Magic Feather; and concluded with ſaying, that whoever ſhould have Courage to pluck it from the Crown, and throw it into the Fire, would immediately ſee Oeros ſuch theyI4r 175 they wiſhed him to be. This Task Alhahuza took upon himſelf, and having committed Zinky to the Care of ſome he could confide in, till he ſhould experience the Truth of his Information, went directly to the King’s Palace, accompanied with the Chief of his Forces. The Guards had Orders to oppoſe their Entrance; but as they obeyed without Inclination, their Reſiſtance was too feeble for the others Courage and Reſolution, and the Patriots penetrated even into the King’s private Cabinet.――At firſt he branded them with the Name of Rebels, audacious Traitors, and ſwore he would chaſtiſe their Inſolence; but Alhahuza waſted not the Time in Arguments, which he too well knew would be in vain, while the Enchantment remain’d in force; and ſtepping boldly up to him, took the Crown from off his Head, and drew out that pernicious Feather, which having burnt, as Zinky had directed, returned the Diadem, and falling on his Knees, Reſume, O ſacred Sir, ſaid he, this Wreath of Royalty now worthy of your Head, ſince freed from that which robb’d you of yourſelf, and all your faithful Subjects Hearts.

Oeros during this Tranſaction had appeared in the utmoſt Conſternation; I4and I4v 176 and when it was concluded, and the Crown again ſet upon his Head, ſtarted and look’d wildly round him, like one juſt waking from ſome frightful Dream. Tis probable, he either not heard, or at leaſt in his preſent Confuſion, not underſtood the Words of Alhahuza, for nothing could be got from him for ſome time, but What is all this?—Wherefore do I ſee you here? —Where is Ochihatou! Reaſon however at laſt reſumed her full Dominion.――The execrable Spell was now totally diſſolved, and the recovered Monarch liſtned attententively to what Alhahuza and the reſt ſaid to him concerning the Arts had been practiſed on him, and the dreadful Effects they had produced over an almoſt ruin’d Nation. The ſad Relation drew from him Tears of mingled Rage and Grief; nor was it eaſy even for himſelf to determine, whether Indignation for the Abuſe he had ſuſtain’d, or Sorrow for the Calamity of his People, was the moſt predominant. He reſolved to do Juſtice to both theſe Paſſions, which if he had not felt, would have rendered him as undeſerving the Regal Dignity, as he was really the contrary. He put all the Friends and Creatures of Ochihatou to death, Zinky excepted; who was ſuffer’d to live, becauſe of Alhahuza’s Promiſe, butI5r 177 but was kept a cloſe Priſoner the whole Remainder of his Days, and his amaſſed Treaſures, with thoſe of his Confederates, divided amongſt thoſe Families who had been moſt oppreſſed. This done, a Proclamation was iſſued out, requiring all who had any Grievances, to repair to the Palace; the Gates of which were ordered to be kept open for the meaneſt Suppliants to have Acceſs, and none returned without full Satisfaction. All heavy Taxes were taken off; the Army raiſed by Ochihatou was disbanded, tho’ not without Reward for turning againſt that perfidious Miniſter, when convinced he aim’d at ſubverting the Liberty of his Country. In fine, all who had the leaſt Claim to favour, either by their Services or Diſtreſſes, were certain of obtaining it.

Never was Joy ſo univerſal as that, which now diffuſed itſelf through all Hypotofa. The Name of Oeros, attended with millions of Bleſſings, This is indeed the true Grandeur of a King, and ought to afford him more Satisfaction than the vain Pomp of exterior Homage; when conſcious his Actions deſerve not it ſhould proceed from the Heart. ecchoedI5choed I5v 178 choed from every Mouth. The ancient Nobility, who had long ſhut themſelves up in their Caſtles, to avoid, as much as poſſible, ſeeing the Vices and Follies of the Times, now returned to Court, with Hearts full of loyal Tranſport. The Artificers, and thoſe employ’d in cultivating the Earth, went chearfully to work, ſecure of enjoying the Labours of their Hands. Encouragement of Arts and Sciences, Hoſpitality, Benevolence, and Charity, Virtues for which the Hypotofans had been famous, but had lain dormant during the Tyranny of Ochihatou, ſeem’d now to The Commentator obſerves, that there cannot be a more diſtinguiſhing Mark of a Free Government than Liberality and Charity; becauſe, where the People are under one or more Tyrants, they know not how far the Demands of abſolute Power may extend; and fear to part even with a little, leſt they ſhould be reduced to the want of it themſelves. revive with their Liberty; and tho’ all People could not be rich, yet none feared Poverty, ſecured in any Exigence of Supply from thoſe enabled to afford it.

As Alhahuza had been the chief Inſtrument in bringing this happy Change to paſs, he was no leſs careful to make itI6r 179 it perfect , Some Fragments of the Life of Alhahuza inform us, that this great Patriot never ask’d any thing for himſelf; and was ſo ſtrictly juſt to his Country, that he gave up his own Brother, finding he had been corrupted by Ochihatou. he prevailed on the King, who call’d him his Deliverer, and could deny him nothing, to repeal whatever Laws could poſſibly be made uſe of by any ſucceeding Prince, to the Detriment of the Subject, and got new ones in their room; reſtraining the Regal Authority to ſuch Bounds, as had never before been ſet, yet left ſufficient to content a virtuous Prince: and, in every thing he did, ſo exactly preſerved the Dignity of the Crown, and the Freedom of the Subject, that both had reaſon to be highly ſatisfied.

Things were in this poſition in Hypotofa, when the Ambaſſador of Haminha arrived. Oeros was exceedingly rejoiced to find that Monarch ſtill retain’d his former Friendſhip; but much more ſo, when he heard that Ochihatou had taken ſhelter in his Court; becauſe he doubted not, but he would readily deliver him up to thoſe Puniſhments his Guilt I6deſervedI6v 180 deſerved. He made a brief Recital of all had paſt; and the Huzbibian was amazed beyond meaſure, at the Timerity of that Stateſman, who, knowing what he had done, durſt expect his injured Sovereign ſhould continue of his Party; but the Conſternation he was in ceaſed, when he was reminded, that he knew not the Enchantment was broke: which had it continued, ſaid the King of Hypotofa, with a Sigh, I muſt moſt certainly have anſwered your Embaſſy in Terms wholly in his favour. But as I am reſtored to myſelf, purſued he, Thanks to the Immortal Powers, I have nothing now to wiſh, but that my Royal Brother of Huzbib will give me this Teſtimony of his Friendſhip, to ſend that Traitor to me, in ſuch a manner, as ſhall render it impoſſible for him to eſcape the juſt Revenge of a People, whom his wild Ambition and inſatiable Avarice had well nigh reduced to the laſt Extremity of Wretchedneſs.

The Ambaſſador aſſured his Majeſty of his Maſter’s Readineſs to oblige him; and a Courier was that Inſtant diſpatched with a Catalogue of all the Crimes of Ochihatou.

In I7r 181

In the mean time, that Miniſter, tho’ he little ſuſpected the Cowardice of Zinky, had Curioſity enough to know how Matters went in Hypotofa; and one Night when all the Court were drowned in ſleep, he ſtole out of the Palace, and repair’d to a wild barren Heath, at a ſmall diſtance from the City. There, It is obſervable, that the Miniſters of Darkneſs bring no Intelligence to their Votaries, without being demanded in a peculiar manner. having utter’d horrid Incantations, and performed all the Rites neceſſary to raiſe the ſubterranean Powers, and enforce them to obey his Will, he was by them informed of all had paſſed between Oeros and the Ambaſſador of Haminha. He found he was undone, and all his high-rais’d Hopes of returning to Hypotofa, and the Confidence of his abuſed Maſter, were but deluſive Shadows. He raved, curſed Heaven, Fate, and the better Genius of Mankind, for putting a ſtop to his deſtructive Aims, added freſh Invocations to the Ypres to aſſiſt him with means to pluck the Sun forth from its fiery Orb, and ſet the World in flames, This Paſſage ſeems to be a Proof, that even in thoſe early Times, they had a Notion that the World ſhould in ſucceeding Ages go thro’ the Revolutions both of Water and Fire. to daſh in pieces the CryſtalI7v 182 Cryſtal Globes which beautify the Sky, to compel the Ocean to break down all Fences ſet by Nature, to anticipate Deſtruction, and either drown or burn the whole Creation; but the dreadful Groans, and Yellings, he received in anſwer to this wild Petition, ſoon convinced him, that great as was their Power, there was The Words a Being implies they believed in one great Supreme Being, who commanded the Genii, and kept the Ypres in awe; but by what Name they diſtinguiſh’d him, or what kind of Worſhip was paid to him, is no where ſpecified. a Being of yet infinitely greater, and who had preſcrib’d Bounds, which it was impoſſible for them to paſs.

The Magician having vented ſome part of his Rage in Exclamations, began to conſider how he ſhould avert the Evil which ſeem’d juſt ready to burſt upon him; he found the Courier of Oeros would arrive at the Court of Huzbib, within eight and forty Hours, and that on the delivery of the Meſſage he brought, he ſhould be immediately ſecured and ſent to Hypotofa. Some Aſylum muſt therefore be thought upon, and what Place promiſed ſo ſecure a one, as the Kingdom ofI8r 183 of Ijaveo? He knew by his Art, that the People had ſadly experienced the Effects of Rebellion and Anarchy, and wiſhed earneſtly for the Return of their loſt Princeſs, whom, ſince her ſtrange Departure from among them, had never been heard of. Could Eovaai be prevailed on to marry him, he ſaw no Difficulty of living and reigning there; ſo he ſet himſelf to put on all that might conduce to bring her to this Point; to which indeed the Modeſty of his late Deportment ſeem’d not a little to contribute.

Early the next Morning, he ſent a Meſſenger to entreat a private Audience in her Apartment. As he had not ſince their coming to Huzbib made the like Requeſt, this a little alarmed her; but as ſhe had always Attendants within Call, ſhe yielded to it with the leſs Scruple, and he approach’d her with an Air ſo perfectly ſubmiſſive, as entirely baniſh’d all unquiet Apprehenſions from her Boſom. Madam, ſaid this Maſter of Diſſimulation, I come now to give you an unconteſtable Proof of the Purity of my Intentions towards you.――The Ijaveans repent their ill Treatment of ſo exellent a Queen.――Loyalty is rekindled in their Hearts.――A vacant Throne attendsI8v 184 attends your Preſence, and I ſhould add to my paſt Offences a much greater yet, could I be capable of detaining you one moment from your impatient People. No, Madam, purſued he, I ſwear to you by the immortal Gods, I will defer my Longings to return to Hypotofa, and the Revenge due to my Perſecutors, till I have ſeen you re-eſtabliſhed in all thoſe Dignities you were born to wear.――Be pleaſed then to permit me to exert that Science, which I ſhall eſteem more than ever, if ſerviceable to you, for your Conveyance hence; and before the Sun has paſſed half his Diurnal Progreſs, you ſhall behold yourſelf in the Confines of Ijaveo.

It was with an inexpreſſible Confuſion of Ideas, that Eovaai heard this Diſcourſe: Wonder and Joy, and Hope and Fear, joined with a certain Suſpence proceeding from them all, left her not the Power of making any immediate Anſwer. Ochihatou gave her ſome time to recover herſelf; and when he perceived ſhe grew more compoſed, I doubted not, Madam, reſumed he, if the Tidings I brought would fill you with the extremeſt Surprize; but then I expected it would be a Surprize wholly made up of Tranſport, nor can ſee any reaſon why you ſhould heſitate,I9r 185 heſitate, even for a moment, to accept the Offer I make of reſtoring you to your Kingdom, and by that means attoning for ſome part of my paſt Conduct.

Before theſe laſt Words, the Princeſs of Ijaveo had brought herſelf to reſolve in what manner ſhe ſhould behave: She knew nothing of what had happened in Hypotofa ſince their Departure from that Court, and could not but look on his Deſires of ſetting her on her Throne, before his own Re-eſtabliſhment, as the higheſt Teſtimony of an unfeign’d Affection and Reſpect. She imagined indeed, that he was not without ſome intereſted Deſigns, both on her Perſon and Kingdom; but then ſhe thought ſhe ſhould be much more ſecure from any thing he ſhould attempt amongſt her own People than ſhe could poſſibly be in the Court of Oeros, where every thing had been ſo entirely at his Command, and ſhe expected would be ſo again at his Return to it. She thought it therefore much better to agree to his Propoſal, by which ſhe ſeem’d to hazard but little, in compariſon with what ſhe might be expoſed to, if carried back to Hypotofa; and perceiving he had done ſpeaking, and ſeem’d impatient for her Reply; To be told, ſaid ſhe, that theI9v 186 the unfortunate Ijaveans are at length ſenſible of their Faults, and willing to repair the Injuries done to me, their lawful Queen, is a Bleſſing I ſo little expected, or even hoped, that it might well put all my Faculties to a ſtand: But ſince you have aſſured me of the Truth, I ſhould be ungrateful to the relenting Gods, to neglect any poſſible means of laying hold on the Bounty they, thro’ you, preſent. If I have therefore heſitated, it is only occaſioned by an Unwillingneſs to abuſe your Generoſity, in ſuffering you to beſtow any of thoſe Labours for my Eſtabliſhment, at a time when your own requires them all.

Ochihatou reply’d to this little Compliment, in Terms full of Reſpect; and when he found ſhe was no leſs impatient for this Journey than himſelf, Madam, ſaid he, as you have potent Enemies among the Stars, who are continually at war with thoſe who would pour down auſpicious Influences on your Head, it is not at all Times, nor by all Methods, you can poſſibly attain any good.――This preſent Hour is governed by the moſt benignant of all the ſhining Train that fill the great Expanſe above us.――Let us not loſe it.—The next perhaps may renderderI10r 187 der all Endeavours fruitleſs.—We muſt depart this moment; and to do it with ſafety, we muſt both of us exchange the Forms given us by Nature, for thoſe of a leſs noble Part of the Creation.—Excuſe me therefore, continued he, with a well- affected Modeſty, and yield to the Neceſſity of plucking off your Habit.—We muſt be free, entirely diveſted of all that Pride, or Luxury, or Convenience invented for us, before we can aſſume the Shape of thoſe leſs guilty Animals, who content themſelves with appearing ſuch as they were born.

Here followed a long Debate: Eovaai could not think of being naked, without a Confuſion, which made her look on all the Benefits ſhe might receive as too little a Recompence for the Shame ſhe muſt undergo; but Ochihatou having utter’d unnumber’d Imprecations, that while ſhe was undreſſing, he would not ſo much as turn his Eyes that way, ſhe was at laſt prevailed on, and ſcreening herſelf behind a Curtain, ſlowly pull’d one thing off, and then another; Ochihatou urging her all the time to be more ſpeedy, by crying out, Dear Princeſs, the happy Moment is almoſt elaps’d. At laſt, ſhe was wholly ſtript of every thing butI10v 188 but the Shell, which had contain’d the myſtic Jewel given her by Eojaeu, and the Perſpective of Halafamai; the laſt of which ſhe carefully conceal’d in the Palm of her Hand, and the former being tied about her Neck, had never quitted her Breaſt; and tho’ ſhe thought it of no Value, the Stone being loſt, was now happily forgotten by her.

Having thus done what was required from her, ſhe told him, with a faint Voice, that ſhe was ready. His Clothes were immediately torn off; and when they were, he threw back the Curtain where Eovaai ſtood cowring down half dead with Shame: but he forbore to add to it, and without ſeeming to be at all affected with her naked Charms, ſpoke ſome Words altogether unintelligible to her, and at the ſame time ſtruck her on the Forehead with his magic Wand; on which, ſhe immediately became the moſt beautiful white Pigeon that ever was ſeen: That done, he gave a Blow to himſelf, and clapping the Wand between his Teeth, was turned into a huge Vulture; then ſeizing the Princeſs between his Talons, yet, in ſuch a manner, as not to hurt her tender Body, took his Flight withI11r 189 with her out of the Window, which he before had opened for that purpoſe.

Full many a League thro’ Air the Vulture, with unwearied Pinions, bore his lovely Prize, nor perch’d for Reſt on any Pinnacle, or Cloud-topt Rock, till he had reached Ijaveo; the ſight of whoſe well-remember’d Towers, gave a ſtrange Flutter to the Heart of Eovaai.

It was in a lone and unfrequented Foreſt Ochihatou choſe to alight, and as ſoon as he had eaſed himſelf of his fair Burthen, took between his Talons the Wand, which he had all this while held carefully in his Beak, and having ſmote himſelf with it, inſtantly recovered his former Shape; then doing the ſame to Eovaai, ſhe alſo ſaw herſelf as ſhe was before: but tho’ ſhe was glad to have reſumed Humanity, yet when ſhe conſidered ſhe was naked and in the preſence of a Man, who was ſo too, ſhe was ready to ſink into the Earth. She ran behind a Tree to avoid looking on Ochihatou, or being looked upon by him, and cried out, Oh, my Lord! what ſhall we do for Habits?――Why did you not rather conduct me, modeſtly array’d in Feathers, to ſome Place where Conveniences might haveI11v 190 have been provided for us, the moment we returned to ourſelves, and ſo have ſpared this moſt indecent Act? Call it not ſo, my Dear Eovaai, reply’d he, laughing, as I flatter myſelf you intended, when you accepted my Service, to reward it with no leſs than your Perſon, I ſee no Crime in anticipating my Happineſs. Oh, all ye Stars! exclaimed the Princeſs, trembling, What is it you mean, my Lord? I mean, ſaid he, to make myſelf Maſter of a Bleſſing, I have but too long waited for. With theſe Words he catch’d her in his Arms; but perceiving that unable to ſuſtain the Shock of Shame and Fear, ſhe was juſt fainting, he endeavour’d to extinguiſh thoſe Paſſions, ſo much Enemies to the Deſires he aimed to inſpire, and far from proceeding to any greater Liberties than a Kiſs, Be not alarm’d, my dear Princeſs, ſaid he, I have brought you to Ijaveo, your native Climate, brought you to live and reign over a People, who long for nothing more than to teſtify their Submiſſion to you; but I will now avow the Truth: I did you not this Service, without hope of a Recompence; and what other Recompence would be worthy of me, but to ſhare your Crown and Bed?――Yes, Madam, continued he, you muſt make meI12r 191 me King of Ijaveo, and your Husband. Stay then till I am Queen, anſwer’d ſhe, a little more aſſured, does this wild Foreſt afford us Regal Ornaments? Where is my Throne, the State I ſhould be treated with? Soon ſhall you find it all, reſumed he; but tho’ this Place has none of the Glare of Greatneſs, it may however produce a more delightful Bridal Bed.―― What can be ſweeter or more ſoft than this enamell’d Verdure beneath our Feet? What Canopy ſo magnificent as the high Arch of Heaven, where the gorgeous Sun embroiders with his Rays the pure Serene? What Muſick more enchanting than the Birds, which, from the neighbouring Thickets, attend to chant our Nuptials in a thouſand different Notes. Yield then, my Love, added he, (now growing more vehement) be mine—all Nature joins with my fierce Deſires to tempt you to be happy, and you muuſt―― Here graſping her more cloſely to his Boſom, he was about to render all Denials fruitleſs; but Eovaai ſummoning all her Strength, both of Reſolution and Limbs, broke from his Arms, and with a Tone of Voice, which had more in it of the commanding than beſeeching, Hold, I conjure you, cry’d ſhe; if, as you would have me think, your Deſires are legal, loſeI12v 192 loſe not the Merit of them by violating that Virtue it ſhould be your Intereſt to preſerve.――Let me be carried to my Palace, cloathed according to the Modeſty of my Sex, and then when Marriage- Rites ſhall have made us one――No, Princeſs, interrupted Ochihatou, I have already too much experienced the little Conſideration you have for me, to flatter myſelf with any Gratification, which muſt depend upon your Choice; and therefore reſolved to make ſure of my Reward before my Service is compleated. Hear me then, continued he, with a ſtern and determined Air; if you do not reſign yourſelf willingly to my Embraces, I ſhalil forgo all the Reſpect my fooliſh Paſſion has hitherto made me obſerve, and ſeize my Joy; which done, I ſhall deſpiſe and hate――give all my Soul up to revenge.―― Yield then, and be a Queen, or by refuſing, ceaſe to be a Woman.――This Wand, whoſe Power you know, ſhall ſtrait transform you to a Weazel’s loathsome Form; under which you ſhall paſs the whole Remainder of your wretched Days.

This Menace entirely deſtroyed all the Courage poor Eovaai had aſſumed, but not her Virtue, which never was more powerful in her than at this dreadful MomentK1r 193 Moment――tho’ nothing could be more terrible to her than the Thoughts of ſuch a Transformation; tho’ ſhe doubted not but he would really inflict it on her, yet ſhe reſolved to hazard every thing, endure every thing, rather than conſent to ſacrifice her Chaſtity to the Enchanter’s Will. The Diſtraction of her Thoughts keeping her from making any Anſwer to his laſt Words, he inferr’d from her Silence, that tho’ ſhe could not bring herſelf to tell him ſhe would be devoted to him, ſhe had at leaſt given over all Reſiſtance; and abating ſomewhat of his late Auſterity, he again approach’d her, and taking her tenderly in his Arms, endeavour’d to diſſipate her Tremblings with repeated Vows of making her Queen of Ijaveo, as ſoon as, by having poſſeſt her, he could aſſure himſelf ſhe would ſuffer him to reign with her. But ſhe who abhorr’d a Throne with ſuch a Partner, continued firm in her Reſolution, and as he was about The Commentator obſerves, that either Ijaveo muſt be a very warm Climate, or Ochihatou of an uncommon Conſtitution, to retain the Fury of his amorous Deſires, conſidering the Poſition he was in. to perpetrate the Ruin he intended, O divine Aiou, cry’d ſhe, this once afford me Relief!――Let Knot K1v 194 not the Remains of thy Favourite Eojaeu become the Prey of Luſt, nor the Princeſs of Ijaveo be polluted in that Land which gave her The ſame great Author alſo takes notice that ſince the Loſs of her Jewel, this was the firſt time Eovaai had ever aſſumed Courage to offer up any Prayer to Aiou. Birth! In ſpeaking theſe Words, ſhe ſeemed inſpir’d by the Power to whom they were addreſs’d, ſhe ſprung a ſecond time from the Arms of Ochihatou, in ſpite of his ſuperior Strength; and ſeeing the dreadful Wand, the Inſtrument of his Miſchiefs, lying on the Graſs, ſhe ran to it, ſnatch’d it up, and broke it in ſunder before his Face. The Suddenneſs with which ſhe did this Action, left Ochihatou not the Power of preventing it; and he ſaw himſelf undone, before he had the leaſt Thought of being ſo.

The Moment Eovaai had broke the inchanted Wand, a dark’ning Miſt fell from the Regions of the Air, and huge Claps of Thunder rattled over their Heads, a thouſand frightful Ypres kept in ſubjection by Ochihatou’s Power, now freed, expreſs’d their Joy in antick Skippings round him, then vaniſh’d; while he loud as the Storm, blaſphemed the Gods, and uttered ſuch Impieties, as would be horribleK2r 195 horrible repeated after him. What other wiſe indeed could be expected from him? He had renounced Heaven and all the Powers of Goodneſs: his Crimes had render’d him deteſtable to Earth; and the Ypres, who for his Ruin had become his Servants, now deſerted him; the magick Wand broken, his Spells no longer were of uſe; and all his Skill in Necromancy but made him know how much accurſed he was. He who ſo lately could command the Elements, convert the Moon to Blood, and even annoy the Celeſtial Genii in their ſtarry Palaces, had now no means of procuring for himſelf or Lodging, Food, or Rayment, much leſs of executing that Revenge his Soul was big with. Eovaai, of all created Beings, ſeemed only in his power, and on her he reſolved to inflict all the Torments he was able. That poor Princeſs had hoped to conceal herſelf from his Fury in a little Thicket; but he preſently diſcover’d, and dragg’d her forth, then tied her up by her delicate Hair on one of the Boughs of a ſpreading Tree, where, as ſhe was hanging, he got Bundles of ſtinging Nettles, and ſharp-pointed Thorns, with which he intended to ſcourge and tear her tender Fleſh, till Death ſhould eaſe her Anguiſh: but even of this Miſchief, of which he thought himſelf ſo ſure, K2was K2v 196 was he diſappointed. Juſt as his Arm was ſtretch’d for beginning the Execution of his barbarous Purpoſe, a young Man, richly habited, and of a moſt majeſtic Form, ruſh’d forth from the inner Part of the Foreſt, and ſeizing him by the Shoulders, Inhuman Monſter! ſaid he, what more than ſavage Fury has poſſeſt thee, thus to abuſe the faireſt and moſt perfect Part of the Creation? Ochihatou was ſurprized at the nervous Gripe, but much more ſo at the Sight of the Perſon from whom he received it; he hung down his Head, and now for the firſt time ſhewed ſome Marks of Shame. Can it be poſſible! cry’d he, have I been then betrayed, has Hoban too deceived me! Oh Heaven! ſaid the other at the ſame time, is it then the Villain Ochihatou, whom indulgent Fate has put into my power!――O for ever bleſſed be the Influence that directed my Steps this Way, and made me the happy Avenger of my own and Country’s Wrongs. As he ſpoke this, he haſtily plucked off a Gold and Crimſon Belt, with which he was girded, and bound the vainly ſtruggling Wretch faſt to the Body of a huge Oak, near to that on which the Princeſs was ſtill hanging.――There, moſt accurſed of all that ever bore the Shape ofK3r 197 of Man, reſumed the brave Stranger, recollect the horrid Catalogue of thy enormous Crimes, and think what Tortures Juſtice requires ſhould be inflicted on thee. Then turning to Eovaai, Pardon, divineſt Creature, continued he, that I deferr’d releaſing you from a Condition ſo unworthy of your Sex and Beauty, till I had ſecured that Traitor to all Goodneſs; for ſhould he have eſcaped, nor Heaven, nor Earth, nor you, ought to have forgiven my Remiſſneſs. While he was ſpeaking, he gently untwiſted her Hair from the Bough, and taking from his Shoulders an azure-colour’d Robe embroider’d with Silver Stars, in part cover’d the bluſhing Charmer. The firſt Uſe ſhe made of Liberty, was to caſt herſelf at the Feet of her Deliverer; but he obliging her to riſe, received ſuch Teſtimonies of her Gratitude, as made him ſee it was a Perſon of no mean Condition, whom he had the good Fortune to preſerve.

Many Compliments had not paſs’d between them, before they were ſurrounded with a numerous Band of the Ijaveon Nobility, who expreſs’d the extremeſt Joy at ſeeing the gallant Stranger ſafe, having been ſeparated from him in the late Storm and Darkneſs. They accoſted him with ſuch a Reſpect, as well as Love, K3that K3v 198 that Eovaai, who very well knew them, and their Quality, was at a loſs to gueſs of what Rank he muſt be, to whom they paid ſuch Homage. Being unwilling to reveal herſelf till more aſcertained how Affairs went in Ijaveo, ſhe drew part of the Robe over her Face, while her Protector was informing the Company in what manner he found her. The Relation of this Adventure made every one turn with Eyes of Horror on Ochihatou, whoſe Character in the World yet they knew not, nor did the Deliverer of Eovaai acquaint them; contenting himſelf with ſaying, he would hereafter divulge a Secret concerning himſelf, as well as that Captive Villain, which would amaze them all. He then gave Orders, that he ſhould be tied with Cords to a Horſe’s Tail, and in that manner dragg’d to Priſon, till he had conſider’d of his Execution.

But the unavailing Rage of Ochihatou being now converted into the moſt horrible Deſpair, he no ſooner found himſelf looſed from the Tree, than before the Ijaveons could faſten the Cords about him, in order to carry him, as they were commanded, he broke from the Hands which held him, and running furiouſly againſtK4r 199 againſt a knotted Oak, daſh’d out his Brains, and by that means ſhun’d the publick Shame deſign’d for him.

Thus ended the Life of this pernicious Man, to the great Satisfaction of Eovaai, who could not think herſelf ſafe while he was yet in Being; but her Defender could not forbear teſtifying ſome little Uneaſineſs, that he had thus eſcaped the Puniſhment of his Crimes, for the leaſt of which he thought Death by far unequal. He ſeemed however entirely ſubmitted to the Will of Heaven, and having commanded that the Chariots, which attended them, ſhould be drawn as near as poſſible to the Edge of the Foreſt, in conſideration of Eovaai, he put the Prineceſs into that which belonged to himſelf, and being ſeated in it by her, Madam, ſaid he, I look on it as an inexpreſſible Favour of the Gods, that they have ordain’d me the happy Inſtrument of delivering you from that dead Wretch’s Cruelty; and the more ſo, that the Accident happen’d in a Place where, having the ſole Command, ’tis in my power to accommodate you in ſuch a faſhion, as your Perfections ſeem to merit.

K4 This K4v 200

This Diſcourſe, meant for a Comfort, was the ſevereſt Corroſive to the Heart of Eovaai; it ſeem’d to confirm what ſhe before believed, that he was King of Ijaveo; but ſhe made no ſhew of Diſcontent, and when they arrived at her own Palace, where he bid her welcome with the utmoſt Gallantry and Politeneſs, ſcarce could ſhe refrain from burſting into Tears; and finding herſelf unable to return his Civilities in the manner ſhe fancied he would expect, pretended a ſudden Illneſs came over her Spirits, and entreated ſhe might be put to bed.

The late Fatigue and Terror he was Witneſs ſhe had endured, made this Requeſt not ſeem ſtrange to him. Women- Attendants were therefore immediately called, and ſhe was by them uſhered into a very rich Apartment, where ſhe had enough to exerciſe her utmoſt Wit to keep herſelf from their Knowledge. She was obliged to feign a Weakneſs in her Eyes, which would not bear the Light, to make them darken the Rooms ſo far as not to render her Features diſcoverable; and as they all of them had waited on her when Queen, and might eaſily remember her Voice, ſhe ſpoke no more thanK5r 201 than ſhe was compell’d to do, and that in ſuch diſguiſed Accents, that they had not the leaſt Notion they now ſerved a former Miſtreſs.

Being left to her Repoſe, a thouſand ſad Ideas ran through her troubled Mind, which at length burſt out in theſe Complainings: Are theſe, ſaid ſhe, my promiſed Joys at my Return to Ijaveo, to find my Throne in the Poſſeſſion of another?――And, wou’d cruel Heaven allow me no means of Preſervation, but from the Uſurper of my Dominions?

To render, as ſhe thought, her Miſfortunes compleat, and capable of no Addition, the Charms of her Deliverer, when in that dreadful Moment he ruſh’d between her and impending Fate, had taken ſuch faſt hold of her Heart, that ſhe now in vain ſtruggled to get free; and indeed never were there ſuch ſeeming Cauſes for Love and Hate blended in one Object. She could not harbour a revengeful Thought againſt the Invader of her Right, without being guilty of Ingratitude to the Preſerver of her Life. Reaſon, had ſhe been more the Miſtreſs of it, than ſhe was at preſent, had not the power of extricating her from this Labyrinth K5of K5v 202 of Perplexity.――She knew not what ſhe ought to do; but found too well for her Peace of Mind what ſhe muſt do:―― She felt ſhe loved, and loved to that degree, that to live without him would be a Miſery greater than in all her Sufferings ſhe had ever before had any notion of. The firſt moment ſhe beheld him, ſhe wiſhed he might be of a Rank that might not diſgrace her Choice in making him King of Ijaveo; but as ſhe now believed him already ſo, the Pride of Blood and conſcious Title made her diſdain the Thought of reigning with him, if even, to ſanctify his Claim, he ſhould make her that Offer, when who ſhe was ſhould be diſcovered.

The various Agitations of her Thoughts were ſuch, as would permit no Sleep: ſhe long’d for Morning; but when Morning came, was as diſſatisfied, as diſturbed as ever. The Women brought her Habits, not inferior in Magnificence to ſuch as would have been preſented had they known her for Eovaai; but ſhe continuing reſolute to conceal herſelf for a while, refuſed to riſe, and deſired they would leave the Chamber. When they were withdrawn, ſhe quitted her Bed, dreſt herſelf, and watch’d at the Window,K6r 203 Window, in hope of ſeeing a Lady, call’d Emoe, who had been formerly of her Bedchamber, and who, of all her Women, ſhe loved beſt, and could repoſe moſt Confidence in; to her alone ſhe was willing to make herſelf known; and as ſhe knew her Lodgings faced thoſe ſhe was in, was not without hope of an Opportunity of ſpeaking to her. In this, her Conjectures deceived her not; Emoe at length appear’d, and ſhe calling her by her Name, and ſhewing her Face to her, the other, full of Amazement, rather flew than ran croſs the Court, and was in a moment at her Feet, crying, Royal Eovaai, my deareſt Queen, do I then live to ſee you! Eovaai interrupted her Acclamations, by ſaying, Ah Emoe! who is King?――King! reply’d that Lady, what means your Majeſty by ſuch an Interrogation? Heaven forbid the Ijaveons ſhould have a King ungiven by you. ――We indeed have a Protector, one who is truly worthy of that Name.—The Nobility, the Populace ſtrove to outvye each other in laying waſte this unhappy Land―― all things were in Confuſion, and to make perfect our Undoing, the offended Gods ſent among us a dreadful Monſter, who in a ſhort ſpace of time devour’d thouſands of your K6wretchedK6v 204 wretched Subjects.—No mortal Courage or Strength, was thought capable of ſubduing him, and ſetting free the Country; but when our Hopes were at the loweſt Ebb, and Deſpair began to invade every Heart, a gallant Stranger arrived, and with his ſingle Arm laid dead this Terror of the Earth, as did his Wiſdom afterward reconcile the jarring Factions, and what before was Diſcord converted into Harmony. Such Services well merited the Diſtinction paid him: he was unanimouſly choſe Guardian of the Kingdom, in which high Station he has behaved with ſo much Juſtice, Prudence, and Humility, as has endeared him to all Degrees of People in ſuch a manner, as, I am certain, they would exchange him only for yourſelf.

Thus ended Emoe her little Narrative, and returned to her former Demonſtrations of Joy, for the ſight of her Royal Miſtreſs; but how impoſſible is it to deſcribe the Tranſport with which her Words had fill’d the Soul of Eovaai: to find, in the Preſerver of her Life, the Preſerver of her whole People alſo, to have ſuch infinite reaſon to love the Man, whom ſhe cou’d not have avoided loving, had it been otherwiſe, was ſuch a Surcharge of Felicity, as Senſe cou’d hardly bear. While ſhe was in this Flow of Spirits,rits,K7r 205 rits, a Page enter’d the Chamber, to let her know the Prince Protector deſired leave to wait upon her: A more welcome Meſſage cou’d not have been brought. Impatient now to ſee him, ſhe immediately diſpatched an Anſwer of Conſent; and his Entrance on it was ſo ſudden, that ſhe had only time to command Emoe, as ſhe withdrew out of reſpect, to keep the News of her Arrival entirely ſecret till farther Orders.

The Meeting of this illuſtrious Pair had ſomething in it very peculiar: They ſtood for ſome moments gazing at each other at a diſtance; then bow’d and approach’d, but without ſpeaking; the extraordinary Emotions which hurried thro’ their Souls, (as they afterwards confeſs’d) kept both in a profound Silence. At length the Hero recover’d himſelf; and, with an Air full of Reſpect, addreſs’d her in theſe terms: Madam, ſaid he, the Service I had the Honour to render to you yeſterday, would be uncompleat, without taking care to have you conducted to ſome Place where you may promiſe your ſelf a ſafe Retreat: Therefore, as I ſhall quit this Kingdom in a few hours, and cannot anſwer for any thing after my departure, entreat you will accept of a GuardK7v 206 Guard before I go, to wait you to whatever Reſidence you intend to bleſs.

How, my Lord! cried Eovaai, ſhock’d beyond meaſure, are then the Ijaveons ſo ungrateful for the Happineſs you have procured them, as to have been guilty of any thing might juſtly occaſion them ſo great a loſs? The Ijaveons, Madam, anſwered he, have too much acknowledged the little I have done for them, not to make me regret leaving ſo deſerving a People; nor cou’d I be drawn hence, if ſummon’d by any Calls leſs powerful than thoſe by which I am. A Wife, perhaps, or Miſtreſs, ſaid the Princeſs, trembling for the Reply he might make to this Interrogatory ?. No, Madam, rejoined he with a Sigh, were it permitted me to follow my Inclinations, all that I know of Love for your Sex wou’d rather prevent than haſten my Journey.—But— As he was proceeding, an Attendant came to inform him, that the Lords of the Council being met according to his Orders, waited his Approach. On which, I go, ſaid he, to fix the Government of this Kingdom, if poſſible, in ſuch a manner, as ſhall prevent it from falling again into the Confuſions I relieved it from; that done, will renew my Viſit to receive your laſtK8r 207 laſt Commands. He went out of the Room with theſe Words, leaving Eovaai in ſuch a Perplexity of Mind, as may more eaſily be conceived than repreſented; it ſeem’d extremely ſtrange to her, that he ſhould abandon a People by whom he was ſo much eſteem’d, and who had given into his hands the ſole Reins of Power; eſpecially when ſhe remembred, that the Day before he ſeemed to be far from having any ſuch Deſign; this ſudden Reſolution ſhe therefore thought muſt proceed from as ſudden an Excitement; ―― ſhe found he was not married, and the Eyes with which he had regarded her both at the time of his delivering her from the Rage of Ochihatou, and in this Morning’s Viſit, made her think it not impoſſible he might have found ſomething in her worthy of the moſt violent Paſſion; and that imagining ſhe was not of a Birth which might juſtify his Choice, he had no other way of expelling her Idea, but by Abſence. She was the more confirm’d in this Opinion, when Emoe, who returned as ſoon as he was gone, told her he had never been obſerved to treat any Lady of the Court with a particular Diſtinction, tho’ he behaved with an Infinity of Reſpect to all. She ask’d this Confidante a thouſand Queſtions, to all which ſhe gave ſuchK8v 208 ſuch Anſwers, as ſerved to heighten the Affection ſhe had for him, and far from diſcouraged the Hope of an adequate Return, when he ſhou’d come to know who ſhe was. She was however leſs delicate in the Point of Rank, than ſhe ſuppoſed him to be; for tho’ Emoe informed her that he kept every body in ignorance of his Deſcent, and let them know no more, than that he was of noble Blood, and called Ihoya; yet ſhe determined to offer him her Crown and Perſon, as ſhe ſaid, to recompenſe him for what he had done for herſelf and People, but in reality to gratify The Hiſtorian, methinks, might have ſpared giving his Opinion in this Matter; but, if it were as he ſuggeſts, that Paſſion cou’d not be blameable in Eovaai, which had Gratitude for its Source, and was encouraged by an appearance of the greateſt Virtue and Bravery in the Object. the Paſſion ſhe was enflamed with for him; and as it never enter’d her Head that ſhe ſhou’d be refuſed by him, or that all the Motives for his departure wou’d not recede to being King of Ijaveo, and her Husband, ſhe had now no other Diſquiet than what aroſe from her Modeſty in making this Propoſal.

Never K9r 209

Never was Impatience greater than that ſhe felt for his Return from Council; at laſt he came. Well, my Lord, ſaid ſhe, have you brought the Ijaveons to conſent to your departure? We all muſt yield to Fate, Madam, anſwered he: But tho’ I am certain, they ſuffer much leſs than I do by it, yet has the Concern they teſtify been ſuch, as greatly adds to mine. They, nor yourſelf, reſumed ſhe ſmiling, can ſearch into the Seeds of dark Futurity, and ſee the Events of Time.—Who knows but ſome ſtrange Revolution may happen in a Moment to fix you ever here? Come, my Lord, purſued ſhe, perceiving he look’d ſurprized, be ſeated, and add to the Obligations you have conferred upon me one more; it is that of relating to me by what Adventure you firſt came into this Kingdom, and on what Motives you now ſo raſhly quit it. —Be aſſured it is not womaniſh Curioſity, but the ſtrongeſt Reaſons that prompt me to deſire this Narrative; and that it ſhall be recompenſed with another from me, no leſs deſerving your Attention. Theſe Words were delivered with ſuch an Emphaſis, and accompanied with ſo extraordinary a Look, that the noble Stranger had not the power of reſiſting them. Madam, anſwered he, tho’ I cannot conceiveceiveK9v 210 ceive how any thing relating to a Perſon utterly unknown to you, and who till this hour has been ſo to all the World, can be of any ſervice to you; yet I think it ſufficient to be commanded by you, and ſhall content my ſelf with an implicite Obedience. Prepare then, Madam, to hear a Story ſo full of Wonder, as may juſtly make you more than once call my Veracity in queſtion; I ſhall however utter nothing but what I can, without Impiety, call the immortal Gods, and thoſe The Genii, or guardian Angels, are ſuppoſed to be meant here. ſecond celeſtial Beings, to whom I owe my Preſervation, to atteſt the Truth of. He then placed himſelf on a Couch, oppoſite to the Chair the Princeſs was ſitting on, and began to ſatisfy the Demand ſhe had made, in theſe or the like Words:

The K10r 211

The Hiſtory of Adelhu, only Son of Oeros, and Heir apparent to the Crown of Hypotofa.

Iwas born a Prince, ſaid he, and only Son of Oeros, King of Hypotofa: In my younger Years, I looked on myſelf as happier in a Father’s Love, than in the hopes of one day enjoying his vaſt Dominions; but when I arrived at the age of nineteen, the moſt artful of all that ever was brought up in the School of Villany, got poſſeſſion of the Royal Ear; but I need not waſte time in giving you his Character, ſince it was no other than that Wretch, who I found uſing you with a Brutality, which nothing but himſelf could have been guilty of: This Ochihatou, by miſrepreſenting all my Actions, robb’d me of Paternal Affection;—and when I refuſed to come into ſome Projects propoſed to me by the Creatures of that wicked Stateſman, which I knew were detrimental to Liberty, and the Good of theK10v 212 the People; I was ſent by his Artifices from Court, and, in a ſhort time, out of the Kingdom, under the Care of a pretended Tutor, but who was indeed deſign’d for my Murderer: Huaco was the Place in which the Scene of my Death was to be acted, and I had not been there many Days, before Hoban, for ſo he was called, came into my Chamber, with a Countenance which informed me his Mind laboured under ſome great Diſturbance; and, after ſome previous Diſcourſe, acquainted me with the whole black Deſign in which he had been engaged; but which Remorſe wou’d not ſuffer him to perpetrate: He told me alſo, that Ochihatou had endeavoured, by his horrid Art, to transform me into ſome Part of the inferior Creation; but that being, from my Birth, committed to the Care of Fortitude, or true Greatneſs of Mind. Uieah, the Ypres were too weak to combat with that powerful Genius, and Magick cou’d have no effect on me; and concluded with aſſuring me, that there was no Hope of Safety for me, but in my ſuppoſed Death. It was therefore agreed between us, that I ſhould depart privately, and he ſhou’d deceive that accurſed Politician, with a feign’d Tale of having executed his Commands.mands.K11r213 mands. Late at night, I quitted Huaco in diſguiſe, and changing my Name, whi ch is really Adelhu, into that of Ihoya, by long and painful Journeys I at laſt arrived in the Kingdom of Narzada, juſt at the time when Hyalard was about to ſet out on an Expedition againſt the Provinces of Tacty and Benla. The natural Propenſity I ever had to martial Exploits, induced me to liſt my ſelf under the Banners of this young Prince: Our Arms obtain’d a Conqueſt, indeed, but too eaſily; for moſt of the Cities and great Towns, having, as they imagin’d, been ſeverely dealt with by their former Sovereigns, ſurrendered themſelves gladly to one who promiſed them many Liberties and Immunities they before had been debarred from: but they ſoon found, that where a People conſents to a Change of Government, for the ſake of Freedom, the Perſon to whom they ſubmit takes but the more care to rivet their Chains the faſter. Hyalard had been educated in the Principles of arbitrary Sway, and no ſooner was made a King, than he began to exerciſe his Authority in the ſame manner his Father did in Narzada. Nothing now was to be ſeen but Pride, Luxury and Oppreſſion among the Great, and Remorſe, Beggary, and Wretchedneſs, among the Populace. This madeK11v 214 made me grow weary of that Court.―― I took my leave of the new King, and travelled into Habull, where I was yet more mortified; Oudeſcar, the King thereof, had been compelled to make Peace with the Fayolians, very much to his Prejudice, merely on the account that Hypotofa, his ancient Ally, had ſeen his Provinces laid waſte, his Armies routed, and himſelf diſtreſs’d beyond meaſure; yet, ſent no Forces to his Aid, nor ſeem’d any otherwiſe concern’d, than to offer a fruitleſs Mediation. I every day heard my Royal Father ſpoken of, in Terms which ſtabb’d me to the Heart.—They ſaid he was in his Dotage, a ſecond time a Child, and under the Tutorage of one of the meaneſt Wretches in the Kingdom, meaning Ochihatou; that there was neither Honour, Wiſdom, Faith nor Courage, left in Hypotofa, and ſeemed to hint, that, at a proper time, the Affront offered to Habull ſhould be returned with Intereſt. Unable to ſupport this Inſolence, and far from a Condition to reſent it as I ought, I went to Fayoul; not doubting but I ſhould there hear only Praiſes of the Moderation obſerved by Oeros in this nice Conjuncture: but, on the contrary, they only laugh’d at his Supineneſs; and what yet more alarm’dK12r 215 alarm’d me, were entering into Leagues with his moſt cruel Enemies to invade Hypotofa, which by the Degeneracy of its Morals was now looked on as an eaſy Conqueſt. I wrote ſeveral Letters, as from a Perſon unknown, of all I had diſcovered, to ſome whom I knew were ſtill ſollicitous for their Country’s Welfare, but fear they were intercepted by the Vigilance of Ochihatou, who was more careful of nothing than to keep the true Knowledge of Affairs from the People.

From Fayoul I travell’d into Ezba, where the generous Yamatalallabec perceiving himſelf deſerted by Oſiphronoropho, Fanharridin, and all thoſe Princes, he had depended on, and that the Efforts he could make of himſelf, for recovering his betroth’d Miſtreſs Yximilla, would only ſerve to render her yet more unhappy, wrote her a Letter, in the moſt moving Terms I ever read, to perſuade her to that due Reſignation the Gods require from all their Creatures. He made her ſee that it was in vain to ſtruggle with ſuperior Powers, and that the Aid to be expected from Man was altogether uncertain, and promiſed but with a View of Self-Intereſt; which once ceaſing, thoſe, who pretended the moſt Zeal toK12v 216 to ſerve, were often the firſt that joined in the Deſtruction of the Hopes they had raiſed. Since, therefore, the Hand of Fate had torn them from each other, he adviſed her to endeavour to love his happy Rival, and to an entire Forgetfulneſs of himſelf, and all the flattering Expectations her Affection had inſpired him with.

The Condition of this Prince, abandon’d by even thoſe who had the moſt binding Obligations to him, ſerved to ſhew me the Faith not only of Princes, but of Mankind in general; and I could not forbear making Reflections on it, which may hereafter contribute much to my Security.

After I had quitted Ezba, I intended to purſue my Journey to Pentnah, and take a View of the many Curioſities, with which that famous City is ſaid to abound; but being attended only with one Servant, who happened to know leſs of the Road than he pretended, we loſt our Way in the vaſt Deſart of Bamre. We wandered long till faint with Hunger; and Darkneſs coming on, we at length lay down to take ſuch Repoſe as that wild and naked Place would permit. HereL1r 217 Here I had an Opportunity of obſerving how little the Toils of the Body are to be held in competition with thoſe of the Mind: The poor Fellow having nothing to diſturb his Thinking Faculties, immediately fell into a profound Sleep; while I, tho’ much more fatigued, as I had been leſs accuſtom’d to ſuch tireſome Journeys, could not indulge one Moment’s Slumber; the Unkindneſs of a Father, the exiled and diſtreſt State to which I was reduced by the Villany of Ochihatou, the Miſeries of a Country I was born to rule, and the little Probability there ſeemed of any Turn of Fortune in our favour, ran too ſtrongly in my Head to ſuffer me to cloſe my Eyes. But intent and fixed as I was on this melancholly Entertainment, I was rouzed from it by an Apparition too tremendous to be remember’d, without a Horror ſcarce to be conceived. Huge whirling Clouds, black as the direful Shades, It was an eſtabliſhed Article of Faith in thoſe Days, that all who made uſe of the Power they had to oppreſs their Fellow-Creatures, were condemned after Death to eternal Darkneſs. where Tyrants and Oppreſſors mourn their paſt Crimes in everlaſting Anguiſh, LcoveredL1v 218 covered the whole Hemiſphere, and blotted out the Stars: then burſting ſuddenly, high in the Air, two Forms of more than Giant-ſize by their own Lightnings ſhowed themſelves plain to my wond’ring Eyes.――Enraged, and fierce, they ſeemed in Combat:――the Weapons with which they fought, were Thunders and Elemental Fires:――A while the Victory was doubtful.――Earth ſhook, as fearful of the Event.—Noiſes, of which no Deſcription can be given, eccho’d from the Arch of Heaven, and I expected no leſs than that the End of all things was approaching; when, from the Firmament, a mighty Comet darted from a ſuperior, but unſeen, Hand, fell upon one of the Contending Powers, and with its Exceſs of Blaze, ſtruck me for a moment blind. My Sight reſtored, I caſt my Eyes up again, and ſaw all was ſerene, and but one of the majeſtic Figures remained.—I fell upon my Knees, and would have implored the Protection of the Celeſtial Conqueror; but Amazement had locked up Utterance, and internal Devotions were all I was able to offer. Riſe, Prince, ſaid a Voice, which had in it ſomewhat that inſpired Rapture, and take up what you ſee before you.―― Preſerve it with more Care than you wouldL2r 219 would do your Life, till you find a Virgin who has the Caſe, which once contained it.――It is a Jewel of more Value than all the Empires in the World can purchaſe.――But beware how you caſt your Eyes on Beauty, till your propitious Stars ſhall bring to you the Owner of that Gem.—’Tis ſhe alone is deſtin’d to make your Happineſs, and that of Thouſands yet unborn.—Fame, Honour, Glory, Peace, and Everlaſting Bliſs, will be the Conſequences of your Union; but if you ſeek to anticipate your Lot, and give your Heart to any other, Shame, Diſgrace, Diſcord, and Contempt, muſt be your Portion here, and keen Remorſe dwell with you to Eternity.

The Viſion ceaſed to ſpeak or to be ſeen, and all was as before: I ſtoop’d and found this Stone, which glitter’d like a Star beneath my Feet, and I have ever ſince kept it as my Defence from Ill. With theſe Words the Prince took a ſmall Purſe out of his Pocket, from which he drew the precious Relique, and ſhewed it to Eovaai; who no ſooner caſt her Eyes upon it, than ſhe was aſſured of what ſhe before had pleaſed herſelf with the Hopes of, that it was the very Jewel given her by Eojaeu, and which ſhe had ſo L2ſtrangelyL2v 220 ſtrangely loſt. Scarce could ſhe refrain burſting into the Tranſports her Soul was full of; but a ſudden Jealouſy that moment taking poſſeſſion of her Thoughts, And have you, cry’d ſhe, (interrupting the Prince haſtily) have you indeed obey’d the Dictates of the heavenly Being? Have you not ſuffered your Heart to be uſurp’d by the Charms of ſome Beauty?—Is it yet entire and pure from any Impreſſion?

Adelhu ſeemed a little ſurpriz’d at theſe Interrogatories, and, with ſome Confuſion, Madam, anſwered he, till yeſterday I might have boaſted an entire Obedience to the Divine Will; and if I ſince have ſwerved from it, I hope to be forgiven, ſince no Eyes leſs powerful than yours could have made me guilty; and as I am reſolved, in ſpite of the Pleaſure I take in gazing on them, to condemn myſelf to an eternal Abſence, and to do every thing in my power to obliterate all Ideas from my Heart, that may render it an unworthy Offering to the Owner of this Jewel.

Eovaai having this Confirmation of what ſhe wiſh’d, no longer cou’d reſtrain herſelf: Behold her then before you, cried ſhe, I am the true Owner of thatL3r 221 that Jewel; and, as a Part of the Happineſs you were promis’d with me, take the Kingdom of Ijaveo, of which none will diſpute with me the Title. Exceſs of Joy wou’d ſuffer her to utter no more; and the Prince, quite loſt in wonder, was as little able to reply: but what ſhe cou’d not do in Words, ſhe ſupplied with Action; ſhe untied the Ribband from her Neck, and putting the Stone into the Socket from whence it had drop’d, he ſaw they not only were exactly fitted to each other, but alſo that moment they were join’d, the Cement cloſed upon the Jewel, as it never had been looſened. What Words, what Ideas can be equal to the mutual Tranſports of this happy Pair! Eovaai!――Adelhu!Queen of Ijaveo!Prince of Hypotofa!――Divineſt Woman!――Charming Hero! were all was to be heard between them for ſome time; but as Adelhu imagined his dear Princeſs cou’d not be without a good deal of Curioſity, to know by what means they met together in Ijaveo, and he was not free from ſome Impatience himſelf, he gave a Truce to Extaſy, in order to ſatisfy her’s, by reſuming the Hiſtory of his Adventures in this manner:

L3 After L3v 222

After the Prophecy, already in part ſo happily fulfill’d, ſaid he, I waked my Servant, who had all this time been in a death-like Sleep, and obliged him to proſecute our Journey, tho’ I knew not which way; for as I had no material Buſineſs any where, all Places were alike to me, and I reſolved to give my ſelf entirely to the Conduct of Fortune.—We travell’d all the remainder of the Night, and early in the morning found ourſelves on the Borders of a fine Country, which I was preſently informed was called Ijaveo. I heard likewiſe, at the ſame time, of a Monſter which did much miſchief to the Inhabitants. Charm’d with an Opportunity of teſtifying at once both my Courage and Compaſſion, I undertook to rid the Land of ſuch a Grievance, and happily effected what I promiſed. I know you did, cried Eovaai, and thank the divine Beings, who inſpired my People with the Gratitude your Services merited from them. She then told him, ſhe had heard from Emoe, every thing that had paſs’d ſince his coming into that Kingdom; and, on his deſire, proceeded to inform him As People (tho’ bound by Honour to tell nothing but the Truth) ſeldom think themſelves obliged to tell all the Truth, when it wou’d be a diſad- diſadvantage to their Intereſt or Reputation, the Commentator imagines Eovaai concealed that Part of her Behaviour with Ochihatou in the Gardens of Hypotofa. This he is blamed for by Hahehihotu; becauſe, ſays this Philoſopher, had ſhe kept it a Secret, how ſhou’d the Hiſtorian come to the Knowledge of it? But I muſt here be of the Commentator’s ſide; there might poſſibly, in that amorous Seaſon be others on the ſame Errand, in ſome adjacent Grove or Arbour, who might overhear what paſſed between them; or Ochihatou himſelf, being naturally vain, might more likely divulge to ſome of his Friends, the Condeſcenſions ſhe made him, than ſhe repeat them to any one; much leſs to a Perſon whoſe Eſteem ſhe was ſo deſirous of preſerving. of every thingL4r 223 thing had happened to herſelf, ſince the Death of Eojaeu till that moment. After which, the Nobility of both Sexes were called into the Room, who, with Tears of Joy, congratulated the Return of Eovaai, and the Choice ſhe had made of a Prince ſo juſtly dear to them. They were married the next Day, with a Magnificence worthy of their Virtues and their Births; and all things being in a profound Tranquillity, the wedded Pair took a Journey to Hypotofa, the pious Adelhu being in the utmoſt Impatience to ſee his Royal Father. To deſcribe the Satisfaction of Oeros, in embracing a Son, whom he had ſo long thought dead, or thatL4v 224 that of the People, in ſeeing their Prince with his beautiful Conſort, would fill a Volume; ſo it ſhall ſuffice to ſay, that never was greater or more univerſal Tranſport.

Soon after their Return, the good Oeros died, as full of Comforts as of Years; and the Scepters of Hypotofa and Ijaveo being united in the Perſons of Adelhu and Eovaai, compos’d the moſt powerful, moſt opulent, and moſt happy Monarchies in the World.