π1v 2 stamps and 25 wordsomitted π2r π2v a1r

Round the
the Gorgon Man of War:
Captain John Parker.

Performed and Written by his Widow;

for the advantage of a numerous family.

Dedicated, by Permission,
Her Royal Highness
The Princess of Wales.

Printed by John Nichols, Red-Lion-Passage, Fleet-Street.
and sold by
Mr. Debrett, Piccadilly; Mr. Pridden, No. 100, Fleet-Street;
Messrs. Wilkie, Paternoster-Row; and Mr. Richardson,
at the Royal Exchange. 17951795.

a1v library stampomitted a2r

Her Royal Highness
The Princess of Wales
With Grateful Thanks
For Her
Condescending Permission,
The Following Work
Is Most Humbly Dedicated
By Her Royal Highness’s
Most Devoted,
And Most Obedient Servant,
Mary Ann Parker.
No. 6, Little Chelsea, 1795-06-25June 25, 1795.

a2v a3r v


It having been most unjustly and
injuriously reported, that the Authoress
is worth a considerable sum
of money; she thinks it her duty
thus publicly to avow, that nothing
but the greatest distress could ever
have induced her to solicit beneficence
in the manner she has done,
for the advantage of her family.

a3 If a3v vi

If this traducing report originates
(and it can no otherwise) from
Captain Parker’s being entitled to a
share of prize-money, accruing from
successes in the West-Indies; she
has to lament, that his debts are
unfortunately too considerable to
give his children one hope of any
thing coming to them after they are
discharged.—It is her duty to bring
them up not to expect any thing,
as it is her first wish that the creditors
should be justly reimbursed their

The a4r vii

The unhoped-for success she has
met with in Subscriptions to this
publication demands her acknowledgements;
and she trusts her situation
as a nurse, and being obliged
to attend so much to her domestic
concerns, will be accepted as an
apology for the brevity and other
greater demerits of the book.

a4 List
a4v a5r


  • A.

    • Sir Joseph Andrews, Bart. of Shawe.
    • Lieut. Colonel Affleck, 23d Dragoons
    • Captain John Arbuthnot, Royal Artillery.
    • Lieut. Anstruther, Royal Navy.
    • William Arbuthnot, Esq. Cariacou, West Indies.
    • George Arbuthnot, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Robert Arbuthnot, Jun. Esq.
    • Captain Askew, Romney Fencibles.
    • Alexander Adair, Esq. Pall-Mall.
    • S. Aldersey, a5v x
    • S. Aldersey, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Mr. Edmund Antrobus, Strand.
    • Mr. Joseph Ainsworth, Blackburn.
    • Mr. William Aspinall, Ditto.
    • Mr. Frederick Accum.
    • Mr. Richard Atkinson.
    • Mr. Thomas Aloes.
    • Mr. Adams.
  • B.

    • Right Hon. Earl of Banbury.
    • Sir Joseph Banks, Bart.
    • Lady Banks.
    • Colonel Bishopp, Knightsbridge.
    • Lieut. Col. Braddyll, M.P.R. Lancashire Militia.
    • Hon. Major Bridgeman, M.P. Ditto.
    • Hon. Mrs. Boscawen, South Audley-Street.
    • Major Byron, late of the 12th Regiment.
    • Captain Burnett, Bengal Artillery.
    • Captain Bootle, Royal Lancashire Militia.
    • Captain Bristow, Wiltshire Militia.
    • Miss Bristow.
    • Mr. Bristow.
    • Captain Robert Burrows, Francis East-Indiaman.
    • Francis Barker, Esq. Knightsbridge.
    • Rev. T. Brown, Dornsby, Lincolnshire.
    • Nicholas a6r xi
    • Nicholas Bond, Esq. Sloane-Street.
    • Richard Barker, Esq. 2d Life Guards.
    • Robert Barnwell, Esq.
    • Jeremiah Berry, Esq. Norfolk.
    • John Beddingfield, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • T.D. Boswell, Esq. Ditto.
    • William Barclay, Esq. Ditto.
    • William Bankes, Esq. Winstanley.
    • David Bull, Esq.
    • Edward Blair, Esq. Horksley.
    • Mr. Joseph Budworth, F.S.A. Sloane-Street.
    • Mrs. Budworth.
    • Rev. W. Beloe, F.S.A. James-Street, Westminster.
    • Mr. George Barke, Brompton.
    • Mr. Edward Bill, New Bridge-Street.
    • Mr. John Berwick, Pall-Mall.
    • Mr. Browell, Scotland-Yard.
    • Mr. Barke, Knightsbridge.
    • Mr. Arthur Brocas. Francis East-Indiaman.
    • Mrs. Brocas.
    • Mr. J. Bainbridge, jun. Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. Battey, Ditto.
    • Mr. Bisset, Ditto.
    • Mrs. Barley.
    • Mrs. Bell.
    • Miss Blashfield, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. John Blackwell.
    • Mr. a6v xii
    • Mr. Biddulph.
    • Mr. Browne.
    • Mr. Barlow.
    • Mr. Blackett.
    • Mr. Alexander Butler, Blackburn.
    • Mr. Richard Birley, Ditto.
    • Mr. Samuel Bower, Ditto.
    • Mr. Robert Broadbelt, Ditto.
    • Mr. David Blessett, Ditto.
    • Mrs. Brook, Ditto.
    • Miss Babington, Sloane-Street.
    • Mrs. Bosquet.
    • Mr. Thomas Burch.
  • C.

    • Right Hon. Lord Compton.
    • Admiral Sir Roger Curtis.
    • Colonel J.F. Cradock.
    • Major Clayton, Wigan.
    • Captain Chesshyre, Royal Navy.
    • Captain Crooke, Royal Lancashire Militia.
    • Captain Christian, Royal Navy.
    • Lieutenant Clotwyk, South Hants Militia.
    • Richard Cardwell. Esq. Blackburn.
    • Richard Cardwell, Jun. Esq. Ditto.
    • Henry a7r xiii
    • Henry Cranstoun, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Christopher Cook, Esq. Ditto.
    • John Church, Esq. Ditto.
    • S. Child, Esq. Ditto.
    • William Cresswell, Esq. Ditto.
    • John Clarke, Esq. Knightsbridge.
    • Thomas Carter, Esq. Sloane-Street.
    • Richard Henry Crost, Esq. Pall-Mall.
    • George Cloake, Esq. Turnham-Green.
    • William Cowan, Esq.
    • Mr. William Close, Pall-Mall.
    • Miss Cocks, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. P. Cooper, Arundel-Street.
    • Mr. Carrol, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. Codd, Hans-Place.
    • Mr. Charles Cullen.
    • Mr. Capel.
    • Mr. Chalmers.
  • D.

    • Colonel Delhoste, R.M.V.
    • Captain Drummond, Knightsbridge.
    • Captain Darby.
    • John Davies, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Richard Draper, Esq. Ditto.
    • Mr. a7v xiv
    • Mr. R. Dolton, at Mr. Glover’s, Knightsbridge.
    • Mr. James Dewar, Clement’s Inn.
    • Mr. Thomas Docker, Surgeon in the Army.
    • Mr. Joseph Docker, Pall-Mall.
    • Mr. H. H. Deacon, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. William Dawes, Fenchurch-Street.
    • Mr. Thomas Dowding.
    • Mr. Douglas.
    • Mr. Dunell.
  • E.

    • Major John Edwards.
  • F.

    • Sir James Foulis, Bart.
    • Captain Frith, North Hants Militia.
    • George Fennell, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • T. Fitzgerald, Esq. Ditto.
    • Edward Boscawen Frederick, Esq. Berkeley-Square.
    • C. W. Flint, Esq.
    • Samuel Felton, Esq. F.R.S.
    • E. Foulker, Esq.
    • James Fallowfield, Esq.
    • John Foster, Esq.
    • Rev. Mr. Ferrers, Bath.
    • Miss a8r xv
    • Miss Fernside.
    • Mrs. Fowden, Wigan.
    • Mr. Henry Fielden, Blackburn.
    • Mr. John Fielden, Ditto.
    • Mr. William Fielden, Ditto.
  • G.

    • Capt. Lord Viscount Garlies, Royal Navy.
    • Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley, Bart.
    • Colonel Gledstanes.
    • Mrs. Gledstanes.
    • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Grey.
    • Major Thomas Grey.
    • Captain William Grey.
    • Captain George Grey, Royal Navy.
    • Major Grymes, Sloane-Street.
    • Captain Grueber, Ditto.
    • Captain Gage.
    • Captain Gillam, Madras Infantry.
    • William Gillam, Esq.
    • G. J. Gascoigne, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • J. Glover, Esq. Jobbing’s Buildings, Knightsbridge.
    • Rev. J. Gamble, Knightsbridge
    • Lieutenant John Gardiner, Royal Navy.
    • William a8v xvi
    • William Gardiner, Esq.
    • Jasper Leigh Goodwin, Esq.
    • William Gresley, Esq. Twickenham.
    • Thomas Gardnor, Esq. Upper Grosvenor-Street.
    • Rev. Mr. Gamman, Cheapside.
    • Mrs. Gines.
    • Mrs. Gresley.
    • Mr. Thomas Gill.
    • Mr. Goldney.
    • Mr. John Grant, Cockspur-Street.
    • Mr. Isaac Glover, Blackburn.
    • Mr. Green, Dartford.
    • Mr. Robert Gray.
    • Mr. Gray.
    • Mrs. Gray.
  • H.

    • Right Hon. Lady Caroline Herbert.
    • Charles Herbert, Esq.
    • Honorable Lady Honeywood.
    • Colonel Stephen Howe, Aid de Camp to His
    • Colonel Henderson.
    • Colonel Otho Hamilton, James Street, Westminster.
    • Captain Hamilton, 3d Life Guards, Ditto.
    • Captain Howarth.
    • Dr. Harrington, M.D. Bath.
    • 7 Captain b1r xvii
    • Captain Hopwood, Royal Lancashire Militia.
    • Lieut. Thomas Hitchbone, late of 12th Reg.
    • D. Harmood, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • William Hutton, Esq. Ditto.
    • William Higden, Esq.
    • John Hale, Esq.
    • John Fowden Hindle, Esq. Blackburn.
    • Hugh Robert Hughes, Esq. Pall-Mall.
    • Rev. E. Harris, Sloane-Street.
    • Mrs. Harris.
    • Miss Harris.
    • Miss Sophia Harris.
    • Rev. Mr. Harrison, Brompton.
    • Rev. James Holme, Vicar of Shap, Westmorland.
    • Miss Catherine Hunter, Adelphi.
    • Mr. Thomas Hollis, Park-Place, Knightsbridge.
    • Mr. Peyton Hadley.
    • Mr. Howison, Hammersmith.
    • Mrs. Holland, Hans Town.
    • Miss Holland.
    • Mr. Holme, Thames-Street.
    • Mrs. Hockley, Blacklands.
    • Mr. Harding.
    • Mr. Ham.
    • John Hull, M.D. Blackburn.
    • b Mr. b1v xviii
    • Mr. William Hornby, Blackburn.
    • Mr. John Hornby, Ditto.
    • Mr. Hicks.
  • J.

    • Captain Jekyll, 43d Regiment.
    • George Jeffries, Esq. Sloane-Street.
    • George Jeffries, Esq. Jun.
    • Mr. Jackson, Knightsbridge.
    • Mrs. Jackson.
    • Mrs. Jarvis.
    • Mr. Johnston.
  • K.

    • Mr. Kelly, Sloane-Street.
    • Mrs. Kearsley, Wigan.
  • L.

    • Captain Sir Wilfred Lawson, Bart. R.L.M.
    • Lady Lawson.
    • Captain Lyons, 11th Dragoons.
    • Mrs. b2r xix
    • Mrs. Lyons.
    • Captain Lane, Sloane-Street.
    • Captain John Larkins, Greenwich.
    • Lieut. Lutwidge, R. Lancashire Militia.
    • Library at Bampton Vicarage, Westmoreland.
    • William Lockhart, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Lewis, Esq.
    • Miss Eliz. Locker, Greenwich.
    • Mr. Ralph Lattic, Blackburn.
    • Mr. John Livesay, Ditto.
    • Mr. Lonquet.
    • Mr. Long, Upper Brook Street.
    • Mr. Henry Longbottam, Borough.
  • M.

    • Sir John Miller, Bart.
    • General Melvill.
    • Honourable Captain Murray, Royal Navy.
    • Captain Richard Morrice, Ditto.
    • Captain Simon Miller, Ditto.
    • Captain Maude, Ditto.
    • Mrs. Maude.
    • Captain Machell, R. Lancashire Militia.
    • Dr. Moore.
    • Miss Hannah More, Bath.
    • Thomas Maberley, Esq.
    • b2 Thomas b2v xx
    • Thomas Maude, Esq. Downing-Street.
    • Henry Grey Mainall, Esq. M.D.
    • Samuel Maskall, Esq.
    • John Minyer, Esq.
    • D. Minors, Jun. Esq.
    • Miss Merry.
    • Mr. Mash, St. James’s Palace.
    • Miss Murray, Clarges-Street.
    • Rev. James Mac Qunoe, Blackburn.
    • Mr. William Miller, Bond Street.
    • Mr. John Marshall, Aldermary Church-Yard.
    • Mrs. Marshall.
    • Mr. Michie, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. William Maude, Royal Navy.
    • Miss Milles.
    • Mr. Mills.
    • Mr. Maundrill, Knightsbridge.
    • Mr. Maundrill, Jun.
    • Mrs. Middleditch.
    • Mr. Donald Maclean, Blackburn.
    • Mr. Bertie Markland, Ditto.
    • Mr. Charles Morgan, Ditto.
  • N. Ensign b3r xxi
  • N.

    • Ensign Neville, 3d Guards.
    • Norris, Esq.
    • J. Nesbitt, Esq. M.P.
    • William Newton, Esq. Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. John Neville, Blackburn.
    • Rev. R. Nares, F.S.A. James-Street, Westminster.
    • Mr. John Noble, Fleet-Street.
    • Mr. William Noble, Pall-Mall.
    • Mr. Deputy Nichols.
    • Miss Nichols.
    • Mr. John-Bowyer Nichols.
    • Mr. Naylor, Mile End.
  • O.

    • Rev. George Ogle.
    • Mrs. Orrell.
    • Mr. Thomas Oldfield, Union-Street.
  • b3 P. Viscountess b3v xxii
  • P.

    • Viscountess Palmerston.
    • N. Pierce, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • C. Purvis, Esq. Ditto.
    • G. Player, Esq. Ditto.
    • Roger Palmer, Esq. Oxford-Street.
    • Francis Palmer, Esq. Sloane-Street.
    • William Pollock, Esq.
    • Joseph Potter, Esq. Chelsea.
    • Charles Phillips, Esq.
    • Thomas Poole, Esq.
    • Captain Parker, 11th Light Dragoons.
    • Rev. John Pridden, M.A.F.S.A.
    • Miss Phillips, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. William Parrys, Knightsbridge.
    • Mr. Plaskett.
    • Mr. James de la Pryme, Blackburn.
    • Mr. John Parkhouse.
    • Mr. Peyton, Navy-Office.
    • Mr. Edward Powell.
    • Mr. Palmer, St. James’s Street.
    • Mrs. Pocock.
    • Mr. Pettiwood.
    • 6 Mr. b4r xxiii
    • Mr. Parsons.
    • Mr. J. Plumridge, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. Charles Pincent, Edward-Street
    • Mr. Edward Powell.
    • Mr. G. Puffer, Knightsbridge.
  • R.

    • General Rainsford.
    • Mrs. Rainsford.
    • Captain Edward Ridgway, R. Lancashire Militia.
    • Lieutenant Radford, Ditto.
    • Kemys Radcliffe, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Walter Reed, Esq. Ditto.
    • George Ross, Esq. Duke-Street, Adelphi.
    • Major Andrew Ross, Ditto.
    • William Roberts, Esq.
    • John Reid, Esq.
    • Rev. Dr. Reynett, Prescott-Street.
    • Mrs. Reynett.
    • Mr. J.A. Rucker, Sloane-Street.
    • Mrs. Russell.
    • Mr. Rieman.
    • Chevalier Ruspini, Pall-Mall.
    • Mr. Ramsay Robinson, Kensington.
    • Mr. Thomas Richardson.
    • b4 Mrs. b4v xxiv
    • Mrs. Ricketts, Lower Seymour-Street.
    • Mr. William Rothwell, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. Randoll.
  • S.

    • Right Honourable the Earl of Scarborough.
    • Colonel Hans Sloane, M.P. Upper Harley-Street.
    • Lieut. Colonel William Skerrett.
    • Major Smith, Royal Artillery.
    • Captain Squires, Royal Navy.
    • Captain John Schank, Ditto.
    • Captain Skinner.
    • Dr. Shufan, New Bridge-Street.
    • Mrs. Stephens, Adelphi.
    • Miss Stevens.
    • George Swaffield, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • John Swaffield, Esq. Ditto.
    • James Slade, Esq. Ditto.
    • Henry Slade, Esq. Ditto.
    • Walter Stirling, Esq. Ditto.
    • Thomas Sermon, Esq.
    • Walter Stott, Esq. Liverpool.
    • Henry Sudell, Esq. Blackburn.
    • Samuel Swinton, Efq. Sloane-Street.
    • Alexander Scott, Esq.
    • William b5r xxv
    • William Smith, Jun. Esq. Lombard-Street.
    • James Symes, Esq.
    • Robert Saunders, Esq. Southend, Kent.
    • Rev. Mr. Symes.
    • Edward Grey Saunders, Esq. Oxford-Street.
    • Rev. Thomas Staikie, M.A. Vicar of Blackburn.
    • Edward Stuart, Esq.
    • Mr. Sealey.
    • Mr. Seaman, Strand.
    • Mr. Thomas Somers.
    • Mrs. Saunders, Sloane-Street.
    • O.B. Smyth, M.D.
    • Mr. Henry Stacie, late Soldier 58th Regiment.
    • Mrs. Smith, Woodstock.
    • Mrs. Sones.
    • Mrs. Stuart.
    • Mrs. Shepherd, Kelvedon.
    • Mrs. Seaten, Suffolk-Street.
    • Mrs. Shricol, Westham.
  • T.

    • Admiral Charles Thompson.
    • Captain Thornton, Royal Artillery.
    • Captain Thomas, 11th Light Dragoons.
    • Captain Trotty, Royal Navy.
    • Captain Taylor, Carteret Packet.
    • Alexander b5v xxvi
    • Alexander Trotter, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • William Taylor, Esq. Ditto.
    • William Taylor, Jun. Esq. Ditto.
    • Adam Thomson, Esq. Ditto.
    • Mr. Charles Tweidie, Ditto.
    • Charles Tweedie, Jun. Esq. Ditto.
    • Rev. Dr. John Trotter, Hans Square.
    • John Turing, Esq. Sloane Street.
    • Mrs. Turing.
    • Miss Turing.
    • William Thompson, LL.D.
    • John Thoyts, Esq. Merton.
    • Rev. Mr. Thomas, Strand.
    • Mr. Thomas Turner, Blackburn.
    • Miss Travers, Ditto.
    • Mr. Thomas Thompson, Castle-Street.
    • Mr. F. Trecourt, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. John Townsend.
    • Mr. Richard Twiss.
    • Mr. Toulmin.
  • U.

    • Capt. Vesey, 39th Regiment.
    • Lieut. Upton, R. Lancashire Militia.
    • G. Urquhart, Navy Pay-Office.
    • Mr. Virtue, Hammersmith.
  • W. Major b6r xxvii
  • W.

    • Major Wathen.
    • Captain Charles White, Royal Navy.
    • Captain Williamson, Royal Lancashire.
    • Captain Wright, 99th Regiment.
    • Thomas Wilson, Esq. Navy Pay-Office.
    • Thomas Walker, Esq. Ditto.
    • Mr. William Ward, Ditto.
    • William Webb, Esq. Conduit-Street.
    • William Walter, Esq. New Bridge-Street.
    • Thomas Watsan, Esq.
    • Walker, Esq.
    • J. Warner, Esq. Knightsbridge.
    • Jekyll Wyatt, Esq.
    • Thomas Watson, Esq.
    • Mrs. Wallace, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. Wilmot, Thornhaugh-Street.
    • Mr. Watkins.
    • Mrs. Welcher, Sloane-Street.
    • Miss Welcher.
    • Mr. Richard White, Piccadilly.
    • Mr. John Wright, Old Bond-Street.
    • Miss White, Bath.
    • Mr. William Ware, Sloane-Street.
    • Mr. White.
    • Mr. Richard Wimburn.
    • Mr. Wagner, Pall-Mall.
Con. b6v b7r xxix
A Voyage B1r

of a
Voyage Round the World.

Chap. I.

Reasons for undertaking the voyage—
set out for Portsmouth—passengers
on board—sail from Spithead—arrive
at the island of Teneriffe
pay a visit to the Governor—description
of the town of Santa Cruz—an
excursion to Puerto Oratava—a
laughable occurrence—Lieutenant B Rye— B1v 2
—another excursion—return to
the ship—and set sail.

On 1791-01-01the first day of January 1791,
my late husband, Captain John
, was appointed by the Right
Honourable the Lords Commissioners
of the Admiralty
to the command of
His Majesty’s ship the Gorgon.—On
1791-01-02the second he received his commission.
The ship was then lying at her moorings
off Common-hand in Portsmouth
harbour, refitting for her intended
voyage to New South Wales,
and exchanging the provisions she
then had, for the newest and best in

There were embarked for their
passage to the aforenamed colony, a part B2r 3
part of the new corps that had been
raised for that place, commanded by Major Grose. By the last day of January
the ship was ready for sea; and
on 1791-02-01the first day of February the pilot
came on board, in order to conduct
her out of the harbour to Spithead.

When things were in this state of
forwardness, it was proposed to me
to accompany Captain Parker in the
intended expedition to New Holland.
A fortnight was allowed me for my
decision. An indulgent husband
waited my answer at Portsmouth: I
did not therefore take a minute’s consideration;
but, by return of post,
forwarded one perfectly consonant to
his request, and my most sanguine
wishes—that of going with him to B2 the B2v 4
the remotest parts of the globe; although
my considerate readers will
naturally suppose that my feelings were
somewhat wounded at the thoughts
of being so long absent from two
dear children, and a mother, with
whom I had travelled into France,
Italy, and Spain; and from whom I
had never been separated a fortnight
at one time during the whole course
of my life.

Attended by an intimate friend, I
repaired to the West end of the town,
and set off for Portsmouth the next
morning. We remained at Spithead
until the 1791-03-1212th of March. In the interim
orders had arrived to receive
on board Captain Gidley King, of the
Royal Navy, the intended Lieutenant Governor B3r 5
Governor of Norfolk Island in the
Pacific Ocean, together with Mrs.
and their family; also to disembark
Major Grose, and such part of
the corps as were on board, except
Mr. Burton a botanist, Mr. Baines the
chaplain, and Mr. Grimes, who, with
their attendants, were directed to be
continued on board, and to take their
passage for the new settlement.

On Tuesday, the 1791-03-1515th of March,
we sailed from Spithead, by way of
St. Helens; and, after a fortnight’s
seasoning and buffeting in the channel,
I began to enjoy the voyage I
had undertaken; and with the polite
attention of the officers on board, and
my amiable companion Mrs. King,
we glided over many a watery grave B3 with B3v 6
with peace of mind, and uninterrupted
happiness; although many calms
tended to render our passage to the
island of Teneriffe somewhat tedious.

We arrived, however, safe in the
bay of Santa Cruz on the 1791-04-15fifteenth of
; and captain Parker sent the
second lieutenant on shore, to acquaint
the Governor of our having put into
that port for refreshment, and offered
to exchange salutes, provided
his Excellency would assure him the
return of an equal number of guns
from the garrison; at the same time
informing him that he should have
the honour, together with the officers,
of waiting on him the ensuing
day; and that lieutenant governor
King of Norfolk Island
was a passenger,senger, B4r 7
and also intended to do himself
the honour of paying his respects
to his Excellency.

The officer returned with the Governor’s
answer, that whatever the
ship stood in need of, she might have;
and that an officer should be sent onboard,
to signify the time when it
would be most convenient for His Excellency
to receive the compliments
we had been so polite as to offer, of
waiting on him; but that he had
orders from his Court not to return
any salute to a foreign Ship of War.

About half an hour after the return
of the officer, one of the Governor’s Aid-de-Camps came on board: he
congratulated us, in his Excellency’s B4 name, B4v 8
name, on our safe arrival, and informed
us that the Governor would
be happy to see us, and requested that
we would favour him with our company
to dine with him on the ensuing

The invitation was accepted. Our
party consisted of Lieutenant Governor
King, his lady, our officers, together
with Mr. Grimes, and Mr.
. The company at Don Antonio
di Gutierez
(that was the name
of the Governor) were; the former
Governor the Marquis di Branciforti,
the Lieutenant Governor and his
lady, with several other officers and
their ladies.

The reception we met with, and particularly
the compliments di los manos,nos, B5r 9
A compliment paid in Spain by the ladies to
each other on entering a room. The last comer
just touches the hand of every lady, at the same
time curtseying and repeating continually “di los
would have struck me by their
singularity, had I not resided when
very young upwards of three years
in Spain; during which time I had
every reason to believe them particularly
attentive to the English ladies:
and I hope it will be allowed me to
remark the great satisfaction which
they expressed at my being capable
of conversing in their own language—
a pleasure which I could not help
participating with them, from having
it in my power to be of some service,
as Interpreter General to the party
with whom I had the satisfaction of

It B5v 10

It being Passion-week, the dinner,
although sumptuous, consisted of
many dishes dressed with oil.—After
having, from hunger and politeness,
ate more than we wished of the
least rancid dishes, not expecting any
plain ones to make their appearance;
we were quite surprized when a large
roasted Turkey, dressed quite in the
English fashion, was brought on the
table:—had it made an earlier entrance,
it would have been well
finished, but, unfortunately, it came
so unexpectedly, that our appetites
had been satisfied, with a previous
course of rancid plenty.

After dinner our formidable party
paraded the town, which I suppose to
be very near a mile in length, and about B6r 11
about half a mile in breadth. There
are several neat churches in it, but
only one good street, which is remarkably
broad:—the rest are generally
very narrow, and abound in beggars,
who are extremely troublesome
to travellers.

At sun-set we returned on board,
well satisfied with the reception we
had met with; and on the following
day, the same party dined at Mr.
, a Gentleman in partnership
with the English house of Mess. Little
and Co.
and to whom Captain Parker
had been introduced by means of
a letter from Sir Andrew Hammond.
From a desire of making me acquainted
with some Spanish ladies, Mr.
engaged us in an afternoon’s walk B6v 12
walk to visit Captain Adams, the
Captain of the Port, and there I had
the pleasure of meeting with several
females. They seemed highly delighted
with my hat and dress, and
took singular satisfaction in repeatedly
taking off the former, and in examining
my coat, which was half uniform.
My having formerly travelled in Spain,
and consequently having acquired a
tolerable knowledge of their language
procured me unusual attention, such
as I shall ever remember with pleasure,
though mingled with a degree
of regret, arising from the improbability
of my ever revisiting a country,
in which I had the happiness to meet
with unlimited kindness.

The next morning we were presented
with sallads, fruits, lemons, &c. B7r 13
&c. from different inhabitants of the
town, who seemed to vie with each
other in presenting us with those salutary

The following day was fixed for
an excursion to Puerto Oratava. Accompanied
by Governor King, his lady,
our first Lieutenant, and a young
gentleman belonging to Mess. Little
and Co.
we went on shore at day-break,
and after breakfasting mounted our
buricos and donkeys. The roads
(hardly deserving that appellation)
were rugged indeed; in some places
the stones were sufficiently out of the
ground to afford us seats, but the good
humour which reigned amongst our
party made ample amends for any
trifling difficulty of that nature—and indeed B7v 14
indeed little difficulties make social
excursions more interesting.

Our first halting-place was a small
hut, where Mr. Malcolme, a gentleman
belonging to the same house,
had taken care to provide us with
biscuits, wine, &c. Having refreshed
ourselves we continued our ride until
meridian, when it was judged prudent
for us to tarry during the heat
of the day. Here Mr. Malcolme had
also procured a cold collation, or a
first dinner.—Two sultry hours having
passed away very cheerfully, we
again mounted our buricos, and, upon
my making use of the Spanish method
of quickening their pace, my animal
set off on full speed, left the muleteer
staring with astonishment, and poor me B8r 15
me rolling down a steep hill; but
perceiving the party, who had not
got up with us, coming rapidly to
my assistance, fearful lest they should
gallop over me, I arose as quickly as
possible, and scrambling to a stone sat
myself down upon it, and laughed as
heartily as I ever recollected to have
done in my life. This little accident
let my muleteer into the secret of
my having understood the chief of
his conversation with the other, who
had the honour of attending my
companion Mrs. King, which was
“his inclination to stop at all the posadoes,
or public houses, we had passed

At a short distance from his laughable
scene, we were met by Mr. Little,1 tle, B8v 16
who very politely conducted us
to his town residence, where he had
prepared a most splendid entertainment
replete with every delicacy of
the season. The fruits and vegetables
were luxuries indeed to us, who
had been accustomed to little choice
during our passage.

From this town, on the same evening,
one of our officers, Lieutenant
, accompanied by Mr. Burton the
botanist, took his departure for the
Peak of Teneriffe, in which enterprize,
notwithstanding the great danger
pointed out to him at that season of
the year, he was fortunate enough to
succeed, and arrived at its summit.

On his return to England, his excursion
was published; and I recommendmend C1r 17
it to the perusal of my readers;
yet must at the same time take the
liberty of observing, that although
he has been minute as to particulars
that tend to the information and
benefit of such as may hereafter wish
to visit the Peak, he has been too
diffident in mentioning the extreme
fatigues and difficulties which he underwent
in the accomplishment of
his wishes. The inhabitants spoke
of his courage in terms of astonishment
—too much cannot be said in
praise of his perseverance, it is sufficient
of itself to convince us that no
difficulties are insuperable to the prudent
and brave, and at the same time
brings to my remembrance the following
lines of Mr. Rowe: C “The C1v 18 “The wise and prudent conquer difficulties By daring to attempt them: Sloth and folly Shiver and shrink at sight of toil and hazard, And make th’ impossibility they fear.”

We were the next morning regaled
with a breakfast equally profuse and
delicate as the preceding meals. The
greater part of that day being too
sultry to walk, we were much indebted
to the polite and respectful attention
of the aforementioned gentlemen,
who, studying our amusement,
proposed an evening excursion
to their country residence, situated at
a short distance from the town. It
is a small neat house, standing upon a
hill, commanding an extensive view
of the Bay of Santa-Cruz; the garden
is enclosed with myrtle hedges,
the walks were shaded with vines, and C2r 19
and lofty lemon trees, and the parterre
before the door arranged
with pots of most beautiful carnations.

Having comfortably regaled ourselves,
we returned back to tea and
supper; retired early, and arose at
four the next morning. After breakfasting
we set out upon our return;
at eleven we stopped to partake of
some refreshments, and then proceeded
two leagues farther, when we again
alighted to avoid the intense heat;
during which time Mrs. King and
myself strolled to several little huts.
The inhabitants were surprized at seeing
strangers of our sex alone; but
their astonishment soon subsided when
I spoke a few words to them in Spanish;C2 nish; C2v 20
—from this moment pleasure
was visible in every countenance; in
proof of which, although their spot
of ground was small, their kindness
induced them to present us with some
sage, and an egg apiece—the little
all they had to proffer us; and I make
no doubt but we were remembered
by them the remainder of the day;
nay I will even think they have not
yet forgotten us.

Returning to our party, and finding
all ready, we remounted, and
after riding a few miles our English
friends took leave of us. Their
uniform attention has induced me to
name them so often in this narrative—
the only return I shall ever have it in
my power to make them.

3 It C3r 21

It may afford a smile to my readers
to add, that, after it was found out that
I could speak Spanish, I entered into
conversation with my muleteer,
which made him so proud of his
charge, that, previous to our entering
any town or village, he, with
great form, requested me to sit upright,
and then spread my hair very
curiously over my shoulders.—Poor
fellow! could I be displeased with
his request; since it arose, without
doubt, from a desire of making me
appear to the greatest advantage?

Thus, by the favour of a serene
evening, we returned to Mr. Rooney’s,
who wished us to sleep on shore, as
the wind began to blow fresh, and C3 the C3v 22
the surf rendered it very unpleasant
for us to go on-board; but having
resolved prior to my leaving England,
to bear every difficulty, if possible, and
determined to start none, I, with my
good friends, took leave; and, after a
few lifts over a heavy sea, we reached
the wished-for vessel.

The next morning we paid a visit
to the Spanish Lieutenant Governor’s
Lady, who introduced us to several
ladies. The following day Mr.
and Mr. Malcolme favoured
us with their company on-board.
After dinner they took leave of us,
and shortly after we received from
them a present of some lemons, and
such other fruit as they deemed most
acceptable for our intended voyage.

On C4r 23

On the 1791-04-2424th of April we attempted
to sail; but unfortunately the anchor
of our vessel hooked the cable of a
Spanish brig, owing to a strong tide;
which broke the window, and carried
away part of our quarter gallery. This
accident detained us until the following
day, when we sailed with a fresh
and favourable breeze, and saw the
Peak many leagues distant.

C4 Chap. C4v 24

Chap. II.

Ceremony of crossing the Equator—arrive
at St. Jago—description of the
Portugueze inhabitants—a violent
gale—see the island of Saint Trinidad
—a description of that island—
arrive at Simon’s Bayset out for
the Cape.

On the 1791-04-2727th of April we got into
the Trade-Winds. On the 1791-04-2929th we
crossed the line, and paid the usual
forfeit to Amphitrite and Neptune.
Those sailors who had crossed the
line before burlesqued the new-comers
as much as possible, calling themselves
Neptune and Amphytrite with their C5r 25
their aquatic attendants. They have
the privilege to make themselves
merry; and those who have never
been in South latitudes purchase their
freedom by a small quantity of liquor.
But the sailor or soldier who has none
to give is the object of their mirth;
and, the more restive he is, the more
keen they are to proceed to business.
A large tub of salt water, with a seat
over it, is placed in the fore-part of
the ship, on which the new comer is
reluctantly put—the seat is drawn
from under him; and, when rising
from the tub, several pails of water
are thrown over him—he is then
pushed forward amongst his laughing
shipmates, and is as busy as the rest
to get others in the same predicament.

The C5v 26

The 1791-05-01first of May we expected to
make the island of Salsaw many
porpoises, and, having had moderate
breezes, arrived at St. Jago on the
1791-05-03third. Being advised not to go on
shore, we waited till we had procured
abundance of all kinds of refreshments;
in particular, fruit, poultry,
and goats; all of which articles
were very scarce at Teneriffe, owing
to its being so early in the Spring.
The turkeys upon this island are remarkably
fine, and would do credit
to the plumpest that Norfolk could

The ships then in Port Praya Bay
were The Phoenix and Lord Camden
East Indiamen
; and, during our short stay, C6r 27
stay, The Dutton, Albemarle, Barrington,
and Active transports, arrived.
Here we had the pleasure of
becoming acquainted with Captain
, of the New South Wales
, and his Lady. We treated
ourselves with cocoa-nuts and pineapples,
of which there are great
abundance in this island. The Portugueze
inhabitants have chiefly been
defaulters in their native country;
and the sallowness of their complexions
proves what a sickly climate
they have to buffet with. The black
inhabitants are robust, and much inclined,
like their masters, to take advantage
of strangers; nay, I have
been credibly informed, that they
make no ceremony of cheating one
another, whenever a suitable opportunitytunity C6v 28
occurs. They are fond of old
cloaths in their exchange for fruit,
&c. and a shabby suit of old black is
esteemed twice as valuable as any other

We left this island on the 1791-05-066th of
—had fresh breezes and violent
heat until the 1791-05-1010th. Many sharks
were caught, and the tails of the
youngest of them eaten by the men:
porpoises were seen rolling about with
great force all around us.

We experienced much heat between
the trade-winds, until the 1791-05-1919th,
when, for a change, we were overtaken
by a most violent squall of
wind, attended with thunder, lightning,
and rain, and the ship pitched
very much.

The C7r 29

The greatest inconvenience I suffered
from these squalls was the necessity
we were under of having in
the dead lights, which are strong
shutters wedged in to prevent a following
sea from breaking into the
ship. The noise made by the working
of the vessel, and the swinging
of the glass shades that held our lights,
rendered the cabin very dismal.

This squally weather continued,
with little variation, until the 1791-05-2323d,
when we spoke with a French ship,
bound to Port L’Orient. They had
nothing to dispose of; but sent us a
fine turtle, which was a great treat
to those who were fond of the variety
of good food it contains.

On C7v 30

On the 1791-05-2929th we saw the island of
Saint Trinidad, which appears a very
beautiful little spot: Captain D’Auvergne,
in a cutter belonging to Commodore
fleet, was cast
away here. I am told they made
themselves quite comfortable, as they
saved great part of their stores; and,
having some garden seeds, they grew
up quickly, and cabbages thrived particularly
well. This island is about
nine miles in circumference, well
wooded, and watered with fertile valleys;
and the English colony, who
were the only inhabitants, left it with
regret. We saw a great quantity of
birds hovering all around; and, as
they are not often disturbed by man,
they range in native freedom. The 2 sea- C8r 31
sea-birds have plenty of food, from
the variety of fish, particularly the
Flying-fish, which is constantly tormented
both by Bonetas and Dolphins,
and the birds darting upon them, in
their flying efforts to escape.

On the 1791-05-3030th the weather was very
squally, and the sea rough. We saw
pintado-birds, and others usual in
these latitudes; also Mother Cary’s
small birds, that fly very
fast, and are not unlike the swallow:
they are seldom seen but in rough
weather; and sailors say they are the
attendants upon storms—of course
they are not partial to them.

This C8v 32

This weather continued several
days; once we were obliged, on account
of the roughness of the sea, to
dine on the deck in the cabin; but
these little difficulties were scarcely
felt, the party being in good humour,
and our spirits well supported by
good broth, roast pig, and plumb-
puddings—thanks to my caterer, who
had so well provided for so long a

With little variation, we sailed till
the 1791-06-1919th of June, when land was
once more in sight. At 1791-06-20T10:00ten the next
the Bellows Rock opened to
view; and on the 1791-06-21T16:0021st, at four in the
, we arrived at Simon’s Bay;
this being the Bay where ships generallyrally D1r 33
lay during the winter-season,
as the sudden hurricanes, which sweep
round the mountains at this period,
make the Bay at Cape town too dangerous
to risk a vessel at.

An officer was sent on shore, to inform
the Commandant of our having
put in for refreshment: he shortly
returned, and brought us word, that
every thing wanted should be readily
supplied; and the next morning the
Commandant paid us a visit on board.

Governor King also wrote to Mr.
Peter de Witt
, a merchant at the
Cape of Good Hope; in consequence
of which he waited upon us, and
brought with him two carriages to
conduct us to the Cape; the one a D chaise, D1v 34
chaise, drawn by four, the other a
kind of waggon, drawn by eight

On the 1791-06-2323d, eager for a little shore
amusement, we rose early, and, after
breakfasting upon rolls, and such fruit
as we had procured from the Bay,
Lieutenant Governor King, Mrs. King,
our first Lieutenant, Captain Parker,
and myself, went on shore—the fort
saluting with fifteen guns, and our
ship returning the compliment with
an equal number.

Chap. D2r 35

Chap. III.

Set off for Cape Townstop at Falsebay
—meet a party of Soldiers—reflections
—arrive at the CapeMrs.
De Witt
shipwreck of the Guardian
Lieutenant Riou—a Cape-
breakfast—observations on the town
and its inhabitants.

I could not help being well-
pleased at finding myself once more
safe landed. We loitered some time
at Mr. Brank’s, where we met Colonel
, of the Bengal army,
who was then at the Cape, for the
re-establishment of his health. In a D2 short D2v 36
short time we set off for Cape Town,
Captain King and Mr. De Witt in the
chaise and four, and the rest of us in
the carriage drawn with eight horses,
somewhat resembling a covered waggon,
except having seats within, and
little gaudy decorations.

The road was excessively bad, and
the carriage not being hung with
springs rendered travelling most joltingly
disagreeable. After having
rode about eight or nine miles, we
arrived at a house situated in the
bottom of False Bay, called Mussleburg:
this house, when first built, was intended
by the Governor and Council,
as a temporary residence, being situated
in a good fishing neighbourhood,
and as a place of refreshment to travellers D3r 37
travellers passing to and from Cape-
and Simon’s Bay.—After the
jolting of our vehicle, we had reason
to think it a place of relief; and when
we arrived there, we found several
officers, with their wives and children,
at dinner. We had also met
several different parties of soldiers
on the road; upon enquiry, we found
it was a regiment marching to Simon’s
, in order to be embarked onboard
a Dutch Indiaman bound to Batavia;
there having been recently at
that place a great mortality amongst
all classes of Europeans, said to be
caused by the Malays, the natives of
Java, having poisoned the waters.

In relating this circumstance, I cannot
but feel myself deeply affected, as D3 it D3v 38
it brings to my mind the recollection
of similar embarkations that have
lately taken place for those cruel
islands, where so many brave men
have fallen victims to that worst of
all distempers, the Yellow Fever—a
distemper, the fatal effects of which I
have so heavily experienced, as it has
deprived me of a beloved husband, the
tender partner of my life, and my
only support in the time of trouble
and affliction. When I reflect on his
many virtues, and on the irreparable
loss which I have unexpectedly sustained,
I cannot help saying, with
General Draper, on a similar occasion:

“Why to such worth was no duration given?
Because perfection is the choice of Heaven.”

But D4r 39

But to proceed—During our ride,
we noticed some remarkable small
birds with beautiful plumage; but
which are not known to sing: their
chief support is supposed to be from
a flower that grows plentifully in the
neighbourhood, somewhat resembling
a tulip; from this flower issues a
juice equal in sweetness and thickness
to syrup; and, when boiled, it is good
for complaints in the breast, and also
for young children.

The remainder of the road from
Mussleburg to Cape Town is, in general,
very pleasant; numerous villas
being interspersed on both sides of
the road. In particular, as you round
Table Hill, towards Cape Town, the
rising appearance of Constantia, where D4 the D4v 40
the famous wine is made, has a wonderful
effect upon the traveller; the
situation of it being under the Table-Mountain,
about three miles from
Musselburg, and ten from Cape Town.

At six o’clock in the evening we
reached the end of our journey; most
completely jostled and tired. We
were all lodged at Mrs. de Witt’s,
mother to the abovementioned gentleman,
well known by the English
frequenting the Cape: her bulk,
comparatively speaking, was nearly
equal to that of a Dutch man of war,
and, being remarkably low in stature,
her size was rendered still more conspicuous.
She received us with much
complacency, and immediately procured
a little cargo of bread and butter,2 ter, D5r 41
which I believe we all relished
very much, having had no overplus
in that article during our passage. The
countenance of the good lady was
pleasing, her manner engaging, and
her motherly attention, during our
short séjour at her habitation, such
as I shall ever remember with the
greatest degree of satisfaction. Miss
J. de Witt
did not make her appearance
that evening; the eldest daughter
was not very conversible; and a
young lady, a relation, was remarkably
bashful. Thus situated, we were
obliged to amuse ourselves with our
own private remarks, until supper
was ready; a meal which, in this
town, is distinguished for substantial
dishes; and, what is always most
welcome to voyagers, plenty of vegetables,tables, D5v 42
which are as sweet as they can
possibly be; for the situation of this
climate is so happy, that all European
and most tropical fruits and vegetables
grow as well as in their native

On the 1791-06-2424th of June, after a good
night’s repose, I arose particularly
thankful to Providence for His protection;
and offered up my daily supplication
for the health of the affectionate
ties I had left in England. Curiosity
then directed my steps to a
window, whence I beheld the small
remains of his Majesty’s ship the
Guardian, commanded by Lieutenant
, an officer conspicuous for presence
of mind in the most imminent
danger, and for feelingly recommendingding D6r 43
his mother and sisters to the notice
of his honourable employers. By
dint of the greatest exertion he brought
his ship to the Cape, and saved the
lives of those of the crew who remained
with him: as a reward for
his services, he has since been made
a post-captain. To avoid as much as
possible any disagreeable reflections
which might arise from the idea of a
probability of our sharing the fate of
the above vessel (as the Gorgon was
the first ship commissioned for the relief
of the colony, after the fatal loss
of the Guardian), I hastened to my
companions, and was, for the first
time, surprized with a Cape breakfast,
which certainly merits many
encomiums: it is customary to arrange
out the table as for dinner, except D6v 44
except its being covered with all sorts
of fruit; against each person is placed
a knife, a plate, and a napkin; thus
seated, the lady of the house makes
tea and coffee at a side-table, which
the slaves hand round to the company.

The day being very rainy, and
our baggage advancing slower than
we had done, it was mutually agreed
to remain at home. We were visited
by Mynheer Van Graaffe, the Governor,
who was at that time about to
resign; also by Colonel Burrington
and other Gentlemen.

A description of Cape Town having
repeatedly been given by authors of
knowledge and taste; I only intend, with D7r 45
with submission to my readers, to
commit to paper my own slender remarks
on the various objects which
engaged my attention.

The town I thought both clean
and pleasant; its environs afford several
delightful rides: the road to the
Company’s house, by the sea-side,
brought to my recollection one from
Puerta Colonela, at Leghorn, round
the Lazarettos, to Monti Negro. I
was struck with the uncommon dexterity
of the Cape-drivers, who manage
eight horses in hand, and turn
the corners with the greatest swiftness.
The carriages used for these
excursions are entirely open, and
consist, some of two, and others of
four seats.

In D7v 46

In this town there are no public
amusements, nor any particular promenades,
excepting the Governor’s
garden, at the end of which there is
a very large aviary. There are not
any public shops, as in other towns:
the merchants dispose of their goods,
both by wholesale and retail, in the
following method: if you wish to
make any purchase you send for a
large book, upon the leaves of which
are pasted patterns of edgings, dimities,
silks, muslins, &c. with the
prices annexed; and if you make any
large purchase, you go and view the
different articles in the parlours.
Butcher, baker, &c. are all equally
private; in fact, the most pleasing
sight is in the market-place at daybreak,break, D8r 47
when the slaves, mostly two
by two, bring their baskets by the
means of poles on their shoulders.
Ostrich feathers are very plentiful.
There is also every sort of fruit in
great abundance; that which was
most remarkable to me was the roseapple,
not having met with it in
any of my former travels in France,
Spain, and Italy: there is a faintness
in the taste of this apple which few
palates would approve of; but the
odoriferous smell it disperses around
renders it very acceptable when placed
amongst other fruit.

The women of the Cape are remarkable
for their bulk; which I am
apt to attribute to their going without
stays, and sitting much in the house 5 with D8v 48
with their feet continually lifted on a
chair. They have good teeth, and
in general their features are pleasing;
after marriage they are totally neglectful
of their persons.

Neither hat nor bonnet is fashionable
amongst them; high caps, with
cloaks or shawls, are worn in their
stead; the latter they have frequent
opportunities of receiving, in return
for the hospitality shewn to our British
East India

The churches at Cape Town are
open at eight in the morning, when
the genteel classes go in sedan chairs,
which are usually kept in the entrance
of their houses.

Chap. E1r 49

Chap. IV.

Visit Colonel Gordon.—Arrival of the
Neptune.—Receive intelligence from
New South Wales.—Arrival of Captain
and his Lady.—A
Cape Dance.—A Hottentot Song.—
Visit Mr. Vandrian’s Brewery.—Prepare
for our Departure.—Set sail.

Our baggage arrived the next
day, and we were busily employed,
having engaged ourselves to dine
with Colonel Gordon. The hour of
dinner was two o’clock; the Colonel
obligingly sent his carriage for us,
which was very acceptable, the weatherE ther E1v 50
being intensely hot, and the
pavement intolerably bad. The Villa
where the Colonel resides is situated
a few miles from the town, on the
summit of a hill commanding a most
pleasant and extensive view by sea and
land. The good Colonel is already
well known for his Museum, and
Manuscripts relative to Natural History,
and his many enterprising journeys
to the interior parts of that
country; for which he was eminently
qualified on account of his extensive
knowledge of the language,
manners, and customs of the Hottentots,
by whom he is almost adored.—
The respect and regard which I bear to
this family forbids my passing over in
silence the polite and friendly attention
I received from Mrs. Gordon, who is E2r 51
is a Swiss lady, and who most agreeably
acquiesces in whatever may tend
to render those comfortable who have
the happiness of being ranked amongst
her acquaintance. After what I have
said, it will easily be supposed that
their children are taught the same
engaging attention to strangers.

On the next day, the Neptune and
the Lady Juliana anchored in False
; both of them had been ships
sent out by Government with Convicts
and Stores to the colony of New
South Wales
, and, after having fulfilled
their contract with Government,
were permitted to go to China, to take
in a freight of Teas on account of the
East-India Company. We did not
receive any favourable account of the E2 place E2v 52
place we were shortly going to visit;
on the contrary, we learnt from the
command of the Neptune, Mr. D.
, that, on his leaving it, there
were only six months provisions in
the Settlement, at full allowance;
we also learnt the disappointment of
the Governor and Officers of that Colony
at the non-arrival of the Guardian:
—in short, every circumstance
served to assure us how anxiously they
waited the appearance of our happy
bark: and made Captain Parker as
anxious to relieve them.

About this time the arrival of the
Britannia and Albemarle transports
was announced: this circumstance
afforded us considerable satisfaction, as
we were in expectation of again meetinging E3r 53
with Mrs. Patterson, the Lady of
Captain Patterson of the new corps.
This gentleman once accompanied
Colonel Gordon in his excursion
up the country. An unexpected
meeting with those of our kingdom is
always agreeable to travellers: it proved
so to us; and the more especially
as it chiefly consisted of those who
were engaged upon services, similar
in their nature with our intended

But, though surrounded with novelties
and amusements, I could not
forget the perilous situation of my
husband, who was gone to bring the
ship round to Table Bay, the winter-
season rendering it very unsafe on account
of the Monsoons which are prevalentE3 valent E3v 54
at that time of the year; but,
thanks to the Supreme Being! the ship
appeared in sight on Sunday the 1791-07-1717th
of July
, and Captain Parker came on
shore to dinner. We received another
invitation from Mrs. Gordon, and accordingly
went in the afternoon to
Green Point to tea; after which, we
returned home to supper, and the
evening concluded with dancing,
which they are remarkably fond of
at this town; particularly a dance
somewhat like the Allemande, excepting
the figure, which is not variable,
and the long continuance of turning
round: it is surprizing that the ladies
are not giddy with the swiftness of
the motion; for it would certainly
turn any person’s head unaccustomed
to it.

The E4r 55

The next morning we again visited
the hospitable villa, where we were
regaled in a manner that bespoke the
attention of the providers: during a
desert that would have gained applause
from the nicest Epicure, singing
was introduced, in the course of
which we were favoured with a Hottentot
song from the Colonel: to describe
any part of it would be impossible;
but, without a wish to offend,
I must say that it appeared to
me the very reverse of all that
is musical or harmonious; and the
Colonel, who gave us strict charge
not to be frightened with what we
were to hear, seemed to enjoy the
laughter it occasioned. Different
songs having gone round, the Colonel’s
son amused us with several pieces E4 upon E4v 56
upon the organ; and shortly after we
were agreeably surprized with the
bands belonging to the regiments
without: nor did this conclude the
amusement; for, after drinking coffee,
we danced until our return into
town, when the same music accompanied
us, to prevent, I suppose, our
spirits from drooping at the thought
of leaving such good company.

The next day Captain Patterson
and his Lady arrived from False Bay;
who, fortunately for our little parties,
remained at the house in which we
resided. Through the friendly introduction
of this gentleman I became
one of the party at Mr. Vandrian’s;
and I cannot but acknowledge the
polite attention I received from this family E5r 57
family during my short acquaintance.

On the 1791-07-2424th, a select party of us
dined at Colonel Gordon’s, where we
met Colonel Burrington,Whilst writing the above, intelligence has
been received of the death of this gentleman, in
an engagement with the Rohilla Chiefs, on the
1794-10-2626th of October, 1794.
Major De
, with some other Dutchmen, and
Mr. Pitt, a relation of Lord Chatham,
who was fortunately saved out of the
wreck of the Guardian. We were occupied
in feasting and singing till the
evening, when we returned home,
and found the company waiting for us.
Upon our arrival, the dances immediately
began; and, after eating an
excellent supper, we retired to our apart- E5v 58
apartments; but, from the coolness
of the night, the moon shining delightfully,
and the music parading
the streets, we were unwilling to
consign ourselves to “dull oblivion.”

The next day we visited Mr. Vandrian,
at the Brewery; where we
met with a welcome reception: the
house and gardens are very pleasant;
the brewery is an extensive building,
situated between Cape Town and False
, very near the latter; and, strange
to say, not far distant from Paradise!
a spot of ground so called, from the
situation; and about which the Silver
grows in great perfection: neither
is it far from Constantia.

The Governor, having rode out
that morning, stopped and joined the party, E6r 59
party, who were then at dinner; and,
the evening proving rainy, we returned
with him in his voiture d’Hollande.

The following day we were busily
employed in getting our cloaths ready
for sea, and in sending them on-board,
as we expected to embark that afternoon;
however, the business of the
ship not being actually accomplished,
we slept on shore that night; and on
the ensuing morning, the 1791-07-3131st of
, we all repaired on-board, escorted
to the key by the greater part
of Mr. de Witt’s family: Mr. Peter de
accompanied us on-board, and
saw us under weigh.

Chap. E6v 60

Chap. V.

The voyage continued—a melancholy
accident; singular instance of fraternal
affection—death of Lieutenant
—a dreadful storm—the falling
of a ball of fire—observations and

During our residence at the Cape,
great care had been taken amply to
provide for the remainder of our
voyage; the crew were well supplied
with fresh provisions, and we returned
to our little sea-amusements
in peace and tranquillity of mind.

2 With E7r 61

With my companion Mrs. King,
and the society of the ship, I seldom,
if ever, found any thing unpleasant,
except the pitching of the ship, which
motion proved very disagreeable to
me to the end of our voyage.

We proceeded favourably on our
passage, having, in general, good
weather, and brisk winds, until the
1791-09-077th of September, when we met with
the following melancholy occurrences.
At 6 o’clock, P.M. a carpenter fell
overboard; the cutter was immediately
sent to rescue him, if possible,
from the merciless waves; but to no
effect, the sea running high, and the
wind blowing fresh: one dismal hour
had scarcely elapsed when the cutter returned, E7v 62
returned, and, while hoisting it in,
another poor man fell overboard: the
cutter was again sent out; but, alas!
the earnest attempts of the sailors to
save the life of their comrade unfortunately
proved abortive; his brother,
who was in the boat, had been
rescued by the deceased from a similar
accident only a few months before;
his gratitude to, and affection for, this
brother, lost before him, drove him
into a delirium; in which dreadful
state he continued for some time. A
dismal sky and a deluge of rain concluded
this disastrous and eventful
night. The ensuing morning was
equally stormy as the preceding evening,
and the weather continued much
the same until the 1791-09-1111th, when we
saw the Coast of New Holland.

In E8r 63

In the evening of this day we had
the misfortune of losing Mr. George
, midshipman, after a severe illness
since leaving the Cape. This
young gentleman was the son of Lieutenant
of the Navy, and brought
up at Portsmouth Academy; he was
a very promising youth, and his death
was sincerely regretted by all his shipmates,
and the superior officers of the
ship, for his attention to his duty.
The same melancholy evening died
suddenly James Key, a seaman. The
ensuing day the bodies of the deceased
were committed to the deep,
after having performed the usual funeral

On the 1791-09-1212th we had fresh gales,
with favourable weather, which continued E8v 64
continued until the 1791-09-1717th, when we
came in sight of Mount Dromedary,
so called from the similarity of its
shape. This day we were engaged
to dine with the officers in the wardroom:
under the expectation of arriving
shortly at Port Jackson, the
time passed away very sociably; but
a sudden squall and perverse winds
coming on, deprived us of the satisfaction
of reaching the wished-for
haven for three long days—at least
they appeared so to every one of us;
when we reflected that the colony
stood in such great need of the supplies
with which we were so plenteously
stored: however, with patience,
the sovereign remedy of all
evils, and the travellers best support,
I passed the time in adjusting the cabin,bin, F1r 65
and in other preparations prior
to our going on shore.

The ensuing day, being Sunday,
was pleasant and serene, as if to afford
us an opportunity of imploring
a continuance of the Divine Protection,
which we had hitherto experienced
in a singular degree.

On Monday the 1791-09-1919th, at 12:00noon, we
were in latitude 35°. 15". S. and
longitude 149°. 26". E. from the
meridian of Greenwich, when a point
of land appeared in sight, called by
Captain Cook Long Nose, on account of
its pointed shape. At sun-set the hovering
clouds seemed to forebode the event
of the evening; at eight came on a
tremendous thunder-squall, attended F with F1v 66
with most dreadful lightning and
constant heavy rains, which continued
upwards of an hour and a
half. About 16:30half past eight the lightning
struck the pole of the main-top-
gallant-mast, shivered it and the head
of the mast entirely to pieces; thence
it communicated to the main-top-
mast, under the hounds, and split it
exactly in the middle, above one third
down the mast; it next took the
main-mast by the main-yard, on the
larboard side, and in a spherical direction
struck it in six different places;
the shock electrified every person on
the quarter-deck; those who were unfortunately
near the main-mast were
knocked down, but recovered in a
few minutes: this continued until
about 22:30half past ten, when a most awful F2r 67
awful spectacle presented itself to the
view of those on deck; whilst we
who were below felt a sudden shock,
which gave us every reason to fear
that the ship had struck against a
rock; from which dreadful apprehension
we were however relieved
upon being informed that it was occasioned
by a ball of fire which fell at
that moment. The lightning also
broke over the ship in every direction:
it was allowed to be a dismal resemblance
of a besieged garrison; and,
if I might hazard an opinion, I should
think it was the effect of an earthquake.
The sea ran high, and seemed
to foam with anger at the feeble
resistance which our lone bark occasioned.
At midnight the wind shifted
to the westward, which brought F2 on F2v 68
on fine clear weather, and I found
myself once more at leisure to anticipate
the satisfaction which our arrival
would diffuse throughout the
colony; for, owing to the loss of his
majesty’s ship The Guardian, the governor
and officers were reduced to
such scanty allowance, that, in addition
to the fatigues and hardships
which they had experienced when the
colony was in its infant state, they
were obliged, from a scarcity of provisions,
to toil through the wearisome
day with the anxious and melancholy
expectations of increasing difficulties.
What then could afford us
more heart-felt pleasure than the
near event of relieving them? for it
is surely happiness to succour the distressed;
a satisfaction we fully experienced.perienced. F3r 69
Our desire of reaching
the colony was also increased by the
reflection, that the greater part of
the marine officers were to return
with us once more to visit Old England,
and to render happy such of
their friends and relations as had lingered
out their absence with many
an aching heart. With what anxiety
did they await the ship’s arrival!
with what eagerness did they hasten
on-board! The circumstances are
too deeply engraven on my memory
ever to be eradicated; but, alas! my
pen is utterly incompetent to the task
of describing our feelings on this occasion.

F3 Chap. F3v 70

Chap. VI.

Arrive at Port JacksonGovernor
and Captain Parker wait upon
Governor Phillip with the dispatches
—Account of ships arrived in
the harbour; and of a dreadful
mortality which had taken place onboard
the transports—Interesting
particulars respecting the propriety
of establishing a whale-fishery on the
coast of New Holland.

At sun-rise we saw the coast of
New Holland, extending from South
West to North West, distant from the
nearest part about nine or ten miles.
During the night we were driven to the F4r 71
the Northward, and passed Port Jackson,
the port to which we were bound;
however, on the ensuing day, the
1791-09-2121st, we arrived safe in the above
harbour. As soon as the ship anchored
several officers came on-board;
and, shortly after, Governor King, accompanied
by Captain Parker, went
on shore, and waited on his Excellency
Governor Phillip, with the
government-dispatches: they were
welcome visitors; and I may safely
say, that the arrival of our ship diffused
universal joy throughout the
whole settlement.

We found lying here his Majesty’s
armed tender The Supply, with her
lower masts both out of repair; they
were so bad, that she was obliged to F4 have F4v 72
have others made of the wood of the
country, which was procured with
great difficulty, several hundred trees
being cut down without finding any
sufficiently sound at the core. Lieutenant
, with four sail of transports
under his direction, was arrived
here; also The Mary-Anne, a transport-ship,
that had been sent out
alone, with only women-convicts and
provisions on-board.

A dreadful mortality had taken
place on-board of most of the transports
which had been sent to this
country; the poor miserable objects
that were landed died in great numbers,
so that they were soon reduced
to at least one third of the number that
quitted England.

“Their F5r 73

“Their appearance,” to use the
words of Captain Parker, “will be
ever fresh in my memory. I visited
the hospital, and was surrounded
by mere skeletons of men—in every
bed, and on every side, lay the
dying and the dead. Horrid spectacle!
it makes me shudder when
I reflect, that it will not be the last
exhibition of this kind of human
misery that will take place in this
country, whilst the present method
of transporting these miserable
wretches is pursued; for, the more
of them that die, the more it redounds
to the interest of the shipowners
and masters, who are paid
so much a-head by government, for
each individual, whether they arrive
in the colony or not.”

7 But F5v 74

But to return to my narrative.—On
the 1791-09-2525th, in consequence of the anniversary
of his majesty’s accession to
the throne, his Excellency Governor
gave a public dinner to all
the army and navy officers in the colony.
The Gorgon dressed ship as
well as her scanty allowance of colours
would permit; and, at the usual hour,
fired twenty-one guns.

About this time, Mr. Melvin, master
of The Britannia transport, arrived
here; with this, and with several
other gentlemen, Captain Parker
held various conferences on the propriety
of establishing a Whale-Fishery
on the Coast of New Holland.
Minutes of these conferences were preserved F6r 75
preserved by my husband; and, as
they appear to me rather interesting,
I shall take the liberty of inserting
them in this place.

“Mr. Melvin gave it as his opinion
that a very good Whale-Fishery might
be established upon this coast; and
that fish were infinitely more numerous
than on the American. In his
passage from Van Deiman’s Land to
Port Jackson, he asserted that he saw
more shoals of spermaceti whales in
the course of that voyage, than in
any one of a great number which he
had made in the South Whale-Fishery.
This afternoon he sailed, upon experiment,
accompanied by the William
and Anne
, Edward Bunker, master.
The day after their leaving Port Jackson, F6v 76
, they fell-in with a shoal of
whales; the boats belonging to the
two ships struck seven of them; but
the wind blew so hard that each ship
saved but one; and, in consequence
of the weather, were obliged to return
from the cruize.
As soon as the agreement between
Government and the ships had ended,
which was when they had landed
their convicts and discharged their
lading, the masters of them were at
full liberty to proceed upon their
owners’ employ. Five of the number
had permission from the East India
to load with cotton at Bombay;
the others, being fishery-ships,
went out and returned frequently.
During the time of our stay at Port Jackson, F7r 77
, they saw abundance of fish;
but, always meeting with tempestuous
weather and a strong current setting
to windward, their success was not
adequate to their expectations. One
of them, named the Matilda, took
three fish, which yielded about thirty
barrels of oil, and the master told me
that it was in its quality more valuable,
by ten pounds in the ton, than the
oil which they procured on the coast
of America. One of them gave me
a small keg of it, which I brought
home with me as a specimen. They
also told me, that nothing but the fear
of losing the time of their employers
prevented them from continuing on
this coast, for they had many good harbours
to run into if need required;
an advantage of considerable importance,tance, F7v 78
as it enabled them always to
have a good supply of water, which
was not the case when fishing on the
American coast: they had also great
relief from wild herbs gathered here,
particularly that called Sweet Tea,
which makes a very pleasant and
wholesome beverage. These, with
other considerations, were sufficient
to influence those employed in the
Whale-Fishery to prefer this coast to
the other, where they have no port
to go into, as, by treaty, they are
not to approach nearer than one hundred
leagues of the shore: in consequence
of which, their crew must be
greatly infected with the scurvy, for
want of that assistance which they
can so plenteously meet with on the
coast of New South Wales. They have F8r 79
have also an opportunity of keeping
their ships in much better repair,
having harbours to go into when
necessity required, whereas on the
coast of America it is quite the reverse.
New Holland abounds in good harbours;
we have thoroughly investigated
the greater parts of them, and
there are many others at present but
imperfectly known; yet, if a Whale-
Fishery were once established, they
would soon become familiar to us;
and, if peculiar emoluments were
granted to Ships that took fish on this
coast in preference to that of America,
great advantages might accrue to Government
therefrom: the number of
vessels which would be in that employploy F8v 80
must greatly lessen the freight of
transports, and give us continual
opportunities of supplying the settlement
at a moderate expence to government:
it would also be an encouragement
to settlers to go over; and until
that takes place the maintaining the
Colony of New South Wales will be
a continually accumulating burthen to
the mother-country. Were we to
send settlers from England, with some
little property of their own, and to
give the men sufficient encouragement
by allotting them ground, building
them convenient houses, allowing
them a certain number of convicts,
giving them tools of husbandry, seeds
of various kinds adequate to the number
of acres in their possession, and
victualling them and their men, for at G1r 81
at least eighteen months, out of the
public stores, at the expiration of
which time they and their men were
to provide of themselves—Were we
to do these things, it might probably
be able to support itself in a few years.
But to return to the Whale Fishery:
it might be carried on by small vessels
at the different harbours with which
we are at present acquainted; if they
contained casks enough to hold the
blubber which two or three Whales
might produce, and were able to carry
three or four Whale-Boats, they would
be sufficiently large. When they
took any fish, if it were not convenient
to run for Port Jackson, let them
make any of the other harbours, immediately
boil down the oil, and then G watch G1v 82
watch for the opportunity to proceed
to sea again. It is to be observed,
that, at the full and change of the
Moon, the weather is very tempestuous
and unsettled on this coast, and also
that there is a strong current always
setting to windward; the harder it
blows, the stronger it sets, and causes
a turbulent, irregular, and very high
sea. In the course of a season these
small vessels would in all probability
procure a sufficient quantity of oil to
load such ships as should be sent from
England to receive it; but, if any objection
be made to small craft from
the apprehension of convicts running
away with them, let all the ships that
Government take up belong to the
Whale-fishery; let them sail from
England in the Months of October, November, G2r 83
November, and December; and after
having landed their stores, or whatever
they may have brought out for
Government, let them refit their ships
and then proceed on the fishery, returning
to Port Jackson when they
want refreshments, or into any of the
harbours with which we are acquainted.
Lieutenant Bowen, of the Atlantic
transport, discovered a bay,
which, in honour to Sir John Jervis,
he named after him. This bay has
been since explored by Mr. Weatherhead,
master of The Mary and Anne
transport; who, in one of his cruizes
after whales, was twice there, and
has given me a draught of it.
There are two other ports known
to the Northward of Port Jackson; G2 the G2v 84
the first is Broken Bay, which has
been well surveyed by Captain Hunter,
of his majesty’s ship The Sirius; and
is a very fine harbour, forming into
different branches: one branch enters
the river Hawkesbury; another runs
to the Westward, and forms a fine
piece of water, which has been
named, by Governor Phillip, Pittwater.
The next harbour to the
Northward of this is Port Stephens,
which has not been explored; but
some of the fish-ships have been close
in with it, and make no doubt but
that it is a very good port. ”
Chap. G3r 85

Chap. VII.

Governor Phillip breakfasts on-board—
visit Sidney Cove—go on-shore—short
description of shrubs, birds, beasts,
&c. of Botany Bay—excursion to,
and description of, Paramatta—visit
the Governor.

But to return to my narrative.—
On the 1791-09-3030th Governor Phillip did us
the honour to breakfast on-board; so
did also Mr. Collins, Judge Advocate;
and Mr. Palmer, the Commissary.
The conversation was very interesting;
the one party anxiously making enquiries
after their relatives in England; G3 land; G3v 86
and the other attentively listening
to the troubles and anxieties
which had attended the improvements
made in that distant colony.
When the company returned onshore,
we amused ourselves with the
pleasing novelties of Sidney Cove, so
named by the Governor in honour of
Lord Sidney: from this Cove, although
it is very rocky, a most pleasant
verdure proceeds on each side:
the little habitations on shore, together
with the canoes around us,
and the uncommon manners of the
natives in them were more than sufficient
amusements for that day; the
next was occupied in receiving visits
from several officers belonging to
this settlement.

When G4r 87

When we went on shore, we were
all admiration at the natural beauties
raised by the hand of Providence
without expence or toil: I mean the
various flowery shrubs, natives of this
country, that grow apparently from
rock itself. The gentle ascents, the
winding valleys, and the abundance
of flowering shrubs, render the face
of the country very delightful. The
shrub which most attracted my attention
was one which bears a white
flower, very much resembling our
English Hawthorn; the smell of it is
both sweet and fragrant, and perfumes
the air around to a considerable
distance. There is also plenty of
grass, which grows with the greatest
vigour and luxuriance, but which, G4 how- G4v 88
however, as Captain Tench justly
observes, is not of the finest quality,
and is found to agree better with
horses and cows than with sheep.

In Botany Bay there are not many
land fowls: of the larger sort, only
eagles were seen; of the smaller
kind, though not numerous, there is
a variety, from the size of a wren to
that of a lark; all of which are remarkable
for fine loud notes, and
beautiful plumage, particularly those
of the paroquet kind. Crows are also
found here, exactly the same as those
in England. But descriptions, infinitely
beyond the abilities of her
who now, solely for the benefit of
her little flock, is advised to set forth
this narrative, having been already pub- G5r 89
published, it would be presumptive
to attempt any thing farther.

Our amusements here, although
neither numerous nor expensive, were
to me perfectly novel and agreeable:
the fatherly attention of the good
Governor upon all occasions, with the
friendly politeness of the officers rendered
our séjour perfectly happy and

After our arrival here, Governor
and his Lady, resided on shore
at Governor Phillip’s, to whose house
I generally repaired after breakfasting
on-board: indeed it always proved a
home for me; under this hospitable
roof, I have often ate part of a Kingaroo,
with as much glee as if I had been G5v 90
been a partaker of some of the greatest
delicacies of this metropolis, although
latterly I was cloyed with them, and
found them very disagreeable. The
presents of eggs, milk, and vegetables,
which I was often favoured with from
the officers on shore, were always
very acceptable; and the precaution
which Captain Parker had taken, previous
to our departure from the Cape
of Good Hope
, made me fully contented
with my situation.

Our parties generally consisted of
Mrs. King, Mr. Johnson, and the Ladies
who resided at the colony. We
made several pleasant excursions up
the Cove to the settlement called
Paramatta. The numerous branches,
creeks, and inlets, that are formed in 3 the G6r 91
the harbour of Port Jackson, and the
wood that covers all their shores down
to the very edge of the water, make
the scenery beautiful: the North
branch is particularly so, from the
sloping of its shores, the interspersion
of tufted woods, verdant lawns, and
the small Islands, which are covered
with trees, scattered up and down.

Upon our first arrival at Paramatta,
I was surprised to find that so great a
progress had been made in this new
settlement, which contains above one
thousand convicts, besides the military.
There is a very good level road,
of great breadth, that runs nearly a
mile in a straight direction from the
landing place to the Governor’s house,
which is a small convenient building, placed G6v 92
placed upon a gentle ascent, and surrounded
by about a couple of acres of
garden ground: this spot is called
Rose-Hill. On both sides of the road
are small thatched huts, at an equal
distance from each other. After
spending the day very agreeably at
the Governor’s, we repaired to the
lodging which had been provided for
us, where we had the comfort of a
large wood fire, and found every thing
perfectly quiet, although surrounded
by more than one thousand convicts.
We enjoyed our night’s repose; and
in the morning, without the previous
aid of toilet or mirror, we set out for
the Governor’s to breakfast, and returned
with the same party on the
ensuing day.

This G7r 93

This little excursion afforded us an
opportunity of noticing the beautiful
plumage of the birds in general, and of
the Emu in particular, two of which
we discovered in the woods: their
plumage is remarkably fine, and rendered
particularly curious, as each hen
has two feathers generally of a light
brown; the wings are so small as
hardly to deserve the name; and,
though incapable of flying, they can
run with such swiftness that a greyhound
can with difficulty keep pace
with them. The flesh tastes somewhat
like beef.

In this cove there are some cool
recesses, where with Captain Parker
and the officers I have been many times G7v 94
times revived after the intense heat of
the day, taking with us what was
necessary to quench our thirst.

Here we have feasted upon Oisters
just taken out of the sea;—the attention
of our sailors, and their care in
opening and placing them round their
hats, in lieu of plates, by no means
diminishing the satisfaction we had in
eating them. Indeed, the Oisters
here are both good and plentiful:
I have purchased a large three-quart
bowl of them, for a pound and a
half of tobacco, besides having them
opened for me into the bargain.

Chap. G8r 95

Chap. VIII.

Description of the inhabitants of New
South Wales
—their huts—their extraordinary
honesty—account of
Banalong—an instance of his sensibility.
—observations on the Slave

The Inhabitants of New South
, both male and female, go without
apparel. Their colour is of a
dingy copper; their nose is broad and
flat, their lips wide and thick, and
their eyes circular. From a disagreeable
practice they have of rubbing
themselves with fish-oil, they smell so loath- G8v 96
loathsome, that it is almost impossible
to approach them without disgust.

The men in general appeared to
be from five feet six to five feet nine
inches high, are rather slender, but
straight and well made: they have
bushy beards, and the hair on their
heads is stuck full with the teeth of
fish, and bits of shells: they also ornament
themselves with a fish-bone
fastened in the gristle of the nose,
which makes them appear really
frightful; and are generally armed
with a stick about a yard long, and a
lance which they throw with considerable

The stature of the women is somewhat
less than that of the men—their noses H1r 97
noses are broad, their mouths wide,
and their lips thick. They are extremely
negligent of their persons,
and are filthy to a degree scarcely
credible: their faces and bodies are
besmeared with the fat of animals,
and the salutary custom of washing
seems entirely unknown to them.

Their huts or habitations are constructed
in the most rude and barbarous
manner: they consist of pieces of
bark laid together somewhat in the
form of an oven, with a small entrance
at one end. Their sole residence,
however, is not in these
huts; on the contrary, they depend
less on them for shelter than on the
numerous excavations which are
formed in the rocks by the washing H of H1v 98
of the sea; and it is no uncommon
thing to see fifty or sixty of them
comfortably lodged in one of these

Notwithstanding the general appearance
of the natives, I never felt
the least fear when in their company,
being always with a party more than
sufficient for my protection. I have
been seated in the woods with twelve
or fourteen of them, men, women,
and children. Had I objected, or
shewn any disgust at their appearance,
it would have given them some reason
to suppose that I was not what
they term their damely, or friend;
and would have rendered my being
in their company not only unpleasant,
but unsafe.

Before H2r 99

Before I conclude my description
of the natives, it is but justice to remark,
that, in comparison with the
inhabitants of most of the South-Sea
, they appear very little given
to thieving; and their confidence in
the honesty of one another is so great,
that they will leave their spears and
other implements on the sea-shore,
in full and perfect security of their
remaining untouched.

From the treatment which I invariably
experienced, I am inclined to
think favourably of them; and fully
believe that they would never injure
our people, were they not first offended
by them.

H2 I can- H2v 100

I cannot help observing that one of
the men had a most engaging deportment;
his countenance was pleasing,
and his manners far beyond what I
could possibly have expected. He
was pleased to seat himself by me,
changed names with Captain Parker,
and took particular notice of the
travelling knife and fork with which
I was eating, and which I did myself
the satisfaction to give him: he paid
us a visit on-board the ensuing day,
and shewed me that he had not lost
my present, but made use of it,
though somewhat aukwardly, whilst
he demolished two or three pounds of
the ship’s pork.

The H3r 101

The natives very frequently surrounded
our vessel with their canoes.
The women often held up their little
ones, as if anxious to have them noticed
by us. Sometimes, for the sake
of amusement, I have thrown them
ribbands and other trifles, which
they would as frequently tye round
their toes as any other part of their

Since my return to England, Banalong,
one of the natives brought
hither by Governor Phillip, came to
see me. To describe the pleasure that
overspread this poor fellow’s countenance
when my little girl presented to
him the picture of her dear father,
is impossible; it was then that the H3 tear H3v 102
tear of sensibility trickled down his
cheeks; he immediately recognized
those features which will never be
obliterated from my memory, and
spoke, with all the energy of Nature,
of the pleasing excursion which they
had made together up the country.
The above is one amongst many instances
which I could relate of the
natural goodness of their hearts; and
I flatter myself that the time is hastening
when they will no longer be considered
as mere savages;—and wherefore
should they?

“Fleecy locks, and black complexion, Cannot forfeit Nature’s claim: Skins may differ, but affection Dwells in white and black the same.”
Chap. H4r 103

Chap. IX.

Preparations for our departure—repair
on-board—set sail—discover Lord
Howe’s Island
Mount Lidgbird
Mount GowerThree Kings Head
New ZealandCape Maria.

In the course of this month (October),
the Britannia transport anchored
at this place, as did also the Admiral
. The arrival of the latter
afforded us the pleasure of seeing
Mrs. Patterson again, whose company
added much to the happiness of our
little parties. The 1791-10-2525th was quite a
busy day with us, it being the commemoration
of His Majesty’s accession
to the throne: after amusing ourselvesH4 selves H4v 104
in the morning with looking
at some ships which were busily employed
in going out of the cove on a
fishing expedition, and the full dress
of our bark in compliment to the
day, we repaired to the Governor’s,
whose unremitting attention to his
guests rendered the day very agreeable,
could we but have forgotten
that it was the eve of our separation
from Captain King and his Lady,
whose affability had so much contributed
to the pleasantry of our voyage
thus far; and who, with Captain
and Mrs. Patterson
and several other
military officers destined for Norfolk
, set sail the next day, accompanied
to the end of the cove by the
Governor, Judge Advocate, Captain
, and many others, who were anxious H5r 105
anxious to be in their company as
long as possible.

From the first of our arrival at
Port Jackson, no time had been lost
in preparing for our return to England.
The embarkation of the marines,
with their wives twenty five in
number, and their children forty-seven,
the caulking of the vessel, the clergyman
of the New Corps coming onboard
to read divine service for the
last time, in short every thing began
to remind me of our departure.

The ship, when ready for sea, was
very differently stored to what it was
when we left the Cape of Good Hope
in July. In lieu of live stock and
all kind of necessary provisions, our bark H5v 106
bark was now crowded with Kangaroos,
Opposums, and every curiosity
which that country produced. The
quarter-deck was occupied with shrubs
and plants, whilst the cabin was hung
around with skins of animals. We
had also procured a variety of birds.
I was so fortunate as to bring to England
a bronzed wing, and two pair
of Norfolk Island pigeons; they are
now alive and well, and are, I believe
the only birds of the kind ever
brought to this country.

The uniform attention which the
Governor paid us during our short
stay at the colony will always be
remembered with singular satisfaction:
—he may be justly called, like
the Monarch of Great Britain, “The “Father H6r 107
Father of his People;”
and the Convict,
who has forsaken the crimes
that sent him to this country, looks
up to him with reverence, and enjoys
the reward of his industry in peace
and thankfulness:—indeed, the kindness
which we experienced from all
around was such, that to have left the
colony without a considerable degree
of regret at parting from them would
have shewn much ingratitude.

On the 1791-12-1717th of December, after
supping at the Governor’s, we repaired
on-board, where every one was busily
engaged in lashing and securing such
things as were intended to be conveyed
to England: it was my occupation
to look after the birds, and to place
them in the safest and most convenient
manner I possibly could.

18th. Anchor H6v 108

1791-12-1818th. Anchor being weighed, we
set sail at 7 o’clock P.M.

1791-12-1919th. Fresh breezes, and rather

1791-12-2020th. We found ourselves at the
North Head of Port Jackson, with
fresh breezes. At midnight hard
squalls from all parts of the compass.

1791-12-2121st. At 04:004 A.M. heavy rain with
lightning; at 06:006, violent squalls of
wind, with a deluge of rain, severe
thunder and lightning, the wind flying
around the compass, and the ship
labouring very much. At 10, we
brought-to, the unsettled weather
not permitting us to sail, except on the H7r 109
the Southerly tack. At 8 P.M. the
sea struck the vessel on the starboard
quarter, which occasioned the plants
on the deck to give way, the noise of
which sounded so dismal in the cabbin,
that I, who was at that time much
oppressed with the sea-sickness, imagined
that the fate of our bark was
fast approaching.

1791-12-2222d. Still squally and much rain.

1791-12-2323d. The dead-lights in; every
thing very wet from the quantity of
rain which had fallen, and myself
very sick.

1791-12-2424th. The weather moderate
throughout the 24 hours.—On this
day the ship’s company were put to the H7v 110
the allowance of five pints of water
per day, as a necessary precaution
against future accidents.

1791-12-2525th. Moderate and cloudy, with
lightning to the Southward. On
looking out for land, we saw Lord
Howe’s Island
, a small spot discovered
by Captain Wallis, and called, by the
inhabitants of the Society Island, Mophea;
it lies in South latitude 16° 46",
and West longitude 154° 8". At 5,
P.M. we saw Mount Lidgbird S.E. by
E. The Cutters were sent on shore
to seek for turtle; Lieutenant Ball
having met with plenty when he first
discovered this Island.

1791-12-2626th. We tacked the ship to the
Northward of Lord Howe’s Island. The H8r 111
The Cutters returned without meeting
with any success. There are goats,
and a great number of brown birds
about the size of our crows: the noise
made by this bird is loud and unpleasant,
and when dressed the flavour
is strong and disagreeable.

1791-12-2727th. At 04:004 A.M. we saw Mount
, distance about 8 or 9 leagues
N.N.E. from Ball’s Pyramid. At 6
A.M. we discovered Ring’s Point. At
noon we met with fresh breezes and
squally weather, which continued
with little variation to the end of the

On the 1792-01-01T00:001st day of January, 1792,
about midnight
, a large Meteor was
seen in the South-West quarter, which took H8v 112
took its course towards the NorthWest.
Until the 1792-01-055th instant, we had
moderate weather, which afforded me
the satisfaction of partaking in the
chearful parties of those who were
within our wooden walls. Upon
looking out for land, we discovered
the Three Kings Head Island off the
North end of New Zealand. At
4 we saw the Coast of New Zealand.
At half past 4, saw Cape Maria, at
which time Van Dieman’s land bore
S. by W. and the North Cape S.E. by
E. distant 7 or 8 leagues. It is remarkable
that the land from Cape
to the North Cape appears to
be desolate, barren, and rocky, without
the least verdure or tree, excepting
on the summit of a hill over Sandy
, where there appear five or six.

6 Chap. I1r 113

Chap. X.

The voyage continued—discover a number
of Ice-islands—description of
them—singular story of a Shark—
with an anecdote relative thereto.

I Shall not here trouble my readers
with the regular dates and little variations
customary in these distant latitudes;
but simply notice the weather,
which was mostly fresh breezes, hazy,
and squally—splitting of sails, passing
rock-weed, sea-weed, and such
like occurrences, met with by voyagers
in general.

On the 1792-01-1414th we saw several whales,
much rock-weed, and birds of different

I 16th. I1v 114

1792-01-1616th. Cloudy, with a heavy swell
from N.E. Saw a number of silver

1792-01-1717th. Observed a curious porpoise,
with a white bill and under-jaw, also a
number of brown-winged birds around
the ship.

1792-01-1818th. Fresh gales and squally;
passed a number of porpoises.

1792-01-1919th. At 16:004 P.M. the wind shifted
suddenly with a heavy squall from
N.N.E. to W.S.W. and continued
so the remainder of the night.

1792-01-2020th. The same uncomfortable
weather, with a long Westerly swell.
Saw several whales. This weather continued I2r 115
continued with little variation during
the remainder of the month.

The beginning of February, we
had frequent squalls and heavy seas,
with rain, hail, and sleet.

On the 1792-02-077th, we discovered Terra
del Fuego
, and York Minster, bearing
N.E. by N. distant about 7 or 8

1792-02-088th. Fresh breezes and hazy; York
bore N.N.W. I/4 W. 8 or 9
leagues.—In the afternoon of the
same day, the central Isle of Il de
bore N.N.W. 3/4 W. 8 or 9
leagues. At 4, land was seen at the
mast-head, supposed to be the Island
Diego. The extreme land to the N.
W. I/2 W. was supposed to be Cape I2 Horn, I2v 116
, and that to the Eastward Barnwell
. At ½ past 5, the land
supposed Cape Horn bore W.N.W. 6
or 7 leagues.

The 1792-02-1212th was thick and foggy,
with rain and fresh breezes. We saw
albertrosses, penguins, and apparently
some land-birds supposed to come from
Saint George’s or Falkland Islands.

1792-02-1414th. We had almost a calm, saw
some land-birds, and caught one which
was rather larger than a full-sized
pigeon. Passed Willis’s Island, South
, East 125 leagues.

1792-02-1616th. Discovered penguins and various
other birds. The sea ran very
high, and a hard gale struck the ship

17th. The I3r 117

1792-02-1717th. The same blustering weather,
with increasing gales. Saw several
seals, penguins, and porpoises, whales
and sea-weed.

1792-02-18T04:00The ensuing morning, at 4 o’clock,
several Ice-islands appeared in sight.
By the advice of Captain Parker I arose
to partake of this uncommon spectacle.
The course of one hour brought seven
to our view, bearing E. by N. to N.
N.W. distance from the nearest three
. From this time until 10
o’clock several ice-islands were seen.
In order to support my drooping
spirits, I retired for a short time to
strengthen my resolution, a precaution
by no means unnecessary, as I could
not help reflecting on the number of I3 navigators I3v 118
navigators who had been arrested and
frozen to death in the midst of these
tremendous masses; it was in this
manner that the brave Sir Hugh Willoughby
was lost, with all his crew, in
15531553, and in like manner Lord Mulgrave
in the year 17731773 was caught in
the ice, and nearly experienced the
same unhappy fate.

If it were possible for voyagers to
divest themselves of the horror which
the eventful expectation of change
must ever occasion; the view is at
once both beautiful and picturesque,
even to the most incurious eye: the
forms assumed by the ice are extremely
pleasing and grotesque; the water
which dashes against the ice freezes
into a variety of forms, and almost into I4r 119
into every shape which the imagination
can frame.

The novelty of the sight engaged
the attention of every one on-board.
About 7 o’clock we beheld no less
than fifteen of these tremendous islands
at one time, which obliged us to haul
our wind, and bear up frequently in
order to sail clear of them. Between
the hours of 8 and 10 we passed nine
more, and at that time a large body
or field of ice appeared from North
to W.N.W. our distance from it was
about 9 miles. We hauled our wind
to W.S.W. which course we ran for
seven or eight miles; the northernmost
part of the field then bore N.N.E. I/2 E.
and the westernmost N.W. ¼ W. One
of the Islands was 17 ¾ miles in length, I4 and I4v 120
and that on the farthest extremity
was no less than 52 ½ miles. At
meridian the nearest distance was
about 6 miles.

On Sunday the 1792-02-1919th, the weather
was moderate and hazy. At noon
the dulness of the hemisphere, and
the sun appearing very faintly, made
many suppose land to be in sight; but,
on sounding 120 fathom, no ground
was found: at 10 o’clock the sun
shining bright, all parties were convinced
it was an ice-bank; this large
field or body, by the different bearings,
was thought to be near 18
miles in length, as appeared by the
distance run by the log, and by the
workings of the different courses that
the ship had sailed from 10 A.M. in their I5r 121
their last log until 5 P.M. in this,
when the extremes of it bore East
about 8 or 9 miles. At 6 o’clock the
extremes of the ice in sight bore
S.E. ½ S. distance 3 or 4 leagues.
This most tremendous field made the
twenty-ninth island of ice we had sailed
past, from 5 A.M. until 5 P.M.
In the course of the day we discovered
a number of birds, seals, and porpoises:
the evening was very blustering, during
the greater part of which the
ship lay-to, and every one appeared
anxious to know the event of this
dismal night.

On the 1792-02-2121st, we had a continuance
of dark and dismal weather, attended
with heavy gales, incessant sleet, and
violent labourings of the ship.—Indeeddeed, I5v 122
all our little comforts were done
away by anxiety, sea-sickness, and
darkness; the turbulent waves rendering
it necessary for the dead-lights to
be up on all sides; and the intense
cold obliged us to have stoves and hot
shot slung to heat the different cabins.

The 1792-02-2222nd. a great swell remained
from the last gale; the appearance of
ice was seen to windward again E. by
S. to N.E. by N. also whales, birds,
rock-weed, together with lightning
all round the compass.

These heavy seas and hard gales
were our chief attendants until the
1792-02-2727th, when the weather became more
moderate, and we once more began
to entertain the hope of revisiting
those friends, whom we had almost 3 despaired I6r 123
despaired of seeing again: but the
anxiety of mind, which I had laboured
under for some time, would have
been much more poignant had I not
been participating the fate of so
many others whose good example
and patient resignation taught me to
consider that I was but an insignificant
individual amongst them.—Nay, had
the danger been inevitable, it would
have been some consolation in approaching
destruction, to have had
a prospect of sharing the same fate
with him whose virtues I am left to

Hazy damp weather continued during
the first part of the month of
March. We discovered frequent
shoals of porpoises, also Cape hens, al- I6v 124
albertrosses, and other birds. Singular
as the circumstance may at first
appear, a large shark was caught, on
opening of which an old Prayer-book,
now in my possession, was taken out
of its belly; those who know the
ravenous appetite of this rapacious
fish, will not be surprised at the explanation
—as there was a marine
on-board whose name was written
in it, but who probably from fear of
punishment denied that it was his. It
appears to have belonged formerly to
a convict, as on one of the leaves was
written “to die,” and underneath
“reprieved,” with a space left on
purpose to insert the day of the month.
The above circumstance is probably
unique. It was wittily observed, on
the occasion, that it would not have been I7r 125
been so astonishing if a Law-book had
been found instead of a Prayer-book,
—as the shark was always thought
more of the Lawyer than the Parson,
being called by sailors a Sea-Lawyer;
as the following little anecdote,
related to me upon this occasion, will
fully evince.

A certain Judge, on his passage to
the East-Indies, looking in distant
amaze at the flouncing of an enormous
shark, upon which the sailors
were operating, enquired with retiring
trepidation, “what the prodigious
creature could possibly be?”
replied a Tar, in a tone of
voice better conceived than expressed,
“Nothing, your Honour, but a

The I7v 126

The prospect now began to brighten;
the expectation of returning safe
to the Cape, revived our drooping
spirits. Dinner-parties, cards, &c.
were once more the pastime of those
on-board: even our little birds and
plants appeared sensible of the return
of sunshine and tranquillity.

Chap. I8r 127

Chap. XI.

Arrive at Table-Bay—take up our abode
at Mr. Peter de Witt’s—mild treatment
of the Slaves at the Cape—a
Gentoo—a visit to Constantia—return
to Cape Town.

On the 1792-03-1212th of March, land was
once more in view, and at 6 o’clock
in the evening the ship was running
into Table-Bay, where we found two
Dutch frigates, a brig of war, several
Dutch Indiamen, and ships of different
nations. We saw no one from shore
that night. Happy at our safe arrival
after so many anxieties, the remainder
of the evening passed away very I8v 128
very agreeably, and the next morning
at an early hour one of our officers
went on-shore, and returned, accompanied
by Mr. Peter de Witt, with
fresh butter, lemons, grapes, figs,
apples, meat, and vegetables; refreshments
which we began to stand in
need of; for, although we did not absolutely
want provisions, our stores in
general were nearly exhausted; the
sheep we took from this place had lost
so much that the whole quarter when
boiled has not been larger than a fore
quarter of lamb.

When we formerly landed at the
Cape, my readers will remember, that
we lodged at Mrs. de Witt’s. We now
took our abode at the house of Mr.
Peter de Witt’s
, a son of the good lady K1r 129
lady above-mentioned. Colonel and
Mrs. Gordon
lost no time in paying
their congratulations upon our return,
and renewing their friendly invitations;
as did also the Governor, whose
name was Monsieur Renies. The
Colonel was so obliging as to send his
carriage for me; and on my arrival
at his villa I had the pleasure of finding
all our marine officers, and such
of our gentlemen as could be spared
from the ship; for, although safely
landed in this healthful and plentiful
country, we all had sufficient reasons
for wishing to proceed on our voyage.

We found the family in good
health, nor was their polite attention
in the least diminished; nay, after our
being confined on-board for three K months, K1v 130
months, even the villa itself appeared,
if possible, more beautiful than before.

The lady of Mr. de Witt was extremely
attentive to us, and endeavoured
to render our abode as comfortable
as possible. According to
the best of my recollection there were
thirty slaves belonging to this house.

The beauty of one of the females
particularly struck my attention; the
elegance of her deportment, the symmetry
of her features, and the pleasing
curl of her fine dark hair, could not
pass unnoticed by any, excepting
those who were unwilling to pay
that tribute to the simplicity of nature,
which all the assistance of art
could not place them in the possession

With K2r 131

With satisfaction I noticed that the
slaves were treated at the Cape with
the greatest humanity: and only in
name bore the degrading distinction.

They are let out by the month,
week, or day, during which time
they are obliged to earn for their
masters a certain fixed sum. The
male slaves wear their own hair, upon
which they set a great value, wrapped
up in a handkerchief, somewhat like
a turban; the females wreath up
theirs, and fix it on their heads with
a large pin. Trowsers constitute the
other part of their dress; and as a
token of their servile condition, they
always go barefooted, and without a

K2 Pre- K2v 132

Previous to sitting down to meals,
it is the custom of the Cape for a
female slave to bring a bason and a
towel for the company to wash their
hands; which is repeated on rising
from table. In the houses of the
wealthy, every one of the company
has a slave behind his chair to wait
upon him: this slave has frequently
a large palm-leaf in his hand, by way
of a fan to drive away the flies, which
are extremely troublesome in these

The company’s gardens, at a small
distance from Cape Town, are very
pleasant, and the chief resort of persons
of respectability in that country.
Mrs. Gordon has frequently called
upon me in her carriage, and obliged me K3r 133
me with a ride to see them; and
nothing could be more refreshing
than the fragrant evening breezes that
generally prevail in these hot climates.

Our time was now taken up in
visiting and receiving visits; we had
several invitations from the Governor,
where the entertainments were elegant,
and the company numerous,
consisting chiefly of marine officers,
and those belonging to our ship.

On the 1792-03-1818th, a Dutch Indiaman
arrived from Batavia, and shortly after
we were gratified with the company
of Captain Edwards, of his Majesty’s
ship the Pandora, who a few days
after landing embarked, and afterwards
pursued his voyage in our ship: K3 the K3v 134
the convicts also who had escaped
from Port Jackson were taken up at
sea by the Pandora, and returned
to England in the Gorgon.

About this time I had the pleasure
of receiving a visit from Mrs. Johnson,
a lady who had arrived at the Cape
on her return from the East Indies.
I was also introduced, by Colonel
, to the acquaintance of a
lady, who was so obliging as to favour
me with the sight of a Gentoo,
which is indeed singular in every respect;
they having a gold ring upon
almost every toe, also in their ears
and noses, and large silver rings round
the ancles; they wear the hair fastened
with a silver pin and a curious
piece of India muslin, which negligently,ly, K4r 135
though not inelegantly, almost
covers their bodies.

A party of us had fixed a day for
a jaunt to Constantia, a little district
at the Cape of Good Hope, consisting
of two farms, which produce the well-
known wine so much prized in Europe.
It is situated at the distance of
a mile and a half from Alphen, in a
bending, formed by and nearly under
the ridge of hills, which comes from
Muysen-Mountain, and just where it
strikes off towards Houtbay. One of
these farms is called Little Constantia:
here the white wine is made; the
other produces the red.

On the morning of the day appointed
we set out in two carriages, K4 each K4v 136
each containing four persons, and the
gentlemen on horseback. We had rode
but a very little way before we were
overtaken by a smart shower of rain;
and as the front seats of the vehicle
were not sheltered from it, we were
sprinkled in a short time to such a degree
that, when we arrived at the end
of our journey, we found ourselves
necessitated to refer for a change of
cloathing to the good people of the
house, who willingly granted our request
although we were entire strangers
to them.

We met here the Governor of Cape
, with some captains and officers
belonging to the Dutch Man of
War then lying at Table-Bay. It
being the usual compliment in that Country K5r 137
Country for the Lady of the house to
resign her seat at the table, I was invested
with that honour, and accordingly
placed at the head of a numerous
party, (mostly strangers,) deprived
of all the decorations which
vanity, a few hours before, had induced
me to bestow upon myself;
for, my coat and hat being wet through,
I was furnished with a large white
jacket belonging to the lady of the
house, one half of which I could
have spared with great convenience.

We were received and entertained
with attention and respect, and tasted
the different sorts of the famous wine
which borrows its name from the spot
where the grapes grow; although I
think I have eaten a similar grape in K5v 138
in the Mediterranean; which conjecture
is in some measure confirmed by
the great quantity of wine that appears
under this name;—if I am
wrong in my suspicions, these small
vineyards must afford a profusion indeed!

The weather continued much the
same during the remainder of the
day; however, as we were none of
us strangers to a watery element, it
rendered it less troublesome to all,
and we returned in our borrowed
garbs to Cape Town, well pleased with
our visit; and affording no small
amusement to our friends, from the
laughable appearance which we made.

This excursion served us frequently
for conversation, and was nearly
the last we took during our stay.

Chap. K6r 139

Chap. XII.

Some account of Cape Town—departure
from the CapeAscension Road
the voyage continued—reach Saint
—land at Portsmouth—arrive
in London—Conclusion.

On our return to the Cape, I took
several opportunities of walking about
the town, in which there are many
excellent gardens laid out in the neatest
taste, and producing fruit and
culinary vegetables in great abundance.

The extensive and beautiful garden
belonging to the Company is 3 always K6v 140
always open to the publick; and it is
from this garden that the stranger,
on his arrival, meets with his first

The town is adorned with three
large squares, in one of which stands
the Protestant church; it likewise has
a fountain in it, which furnishes the
inhabitants with water. In the other
is the Town-hall. The third is laid
out for the convenience of the country
people, who bring their goods to

While I was passing my time thus
agreeably at the Cape, Captain Parker
and the officers were more essentially
employed in the necessary preparations
both for our safety and support.port. K7r 141
The Governor and Colonel
family seemed to study
what presents might be most acceptable
for us when we next embarked;
owing to their goodness, we added, to
our stores, wine, goats, liquors, and
many other refreshments which were
likely to be serviceable to us.

The Ostrich feather is one of the
most gaudy and valuable purchases
that can be made in this country;
and, to those who are amateurs of
birds, I can, from experience, recommend
the Cape Canary; the plumage
of which is much like our green linnet,
the breast more yellow, and the colour,
if any thing, more lively; it has a
very pretty note, and, what renders it
still more agreeable, is its being rather louder, K7v 142
louder, though similar to that general
favourite and winter companion, the
sprightly Robin. One morning I
purchased sixteen, and the cage containing
them, for the moderate sum
of four shillings and six pence.

On the 1792-03-3131st, we took our final
dinner at the hospitable villa before
mentioned, and reluctantly bade adieu
to the good Colonel and his lady,
whose attention to strangers I have
signified in the former part of this

The last farewel being taken, accompanied
by a considerable number
of our friends, we once more repaired
on-board, after having passed a month
at the Cape with much satisfaction and K8r 143
and pleasure. I began now to turn
my thoughts towards Old England,
and encouraged the pleasing expectation
of being shortly in the company
of a mother and two dear children,
from whom I had been so long absent.

Our birds, &c. being replaced and
lashed as before, we set sail on the
1792-04-066th of April. With moderate weather
we continued our voyage to
Saint Helena, which Island was first
seen on the 1792-04-18T00:0018th at midnight, and by
½ past 7 in the morning we could perceive
three ships in the road, viz.
I Swedish, I English Indiaman, and
a Whaler. The necessity of returning
with the dispatches of the Colony as
speedily as possible left us no time
for delay at this island; we therefore contented L8v 144
contented ourselves with viewing the
shore at a considerable distance; thus,
favoured with pleasant breezes and
trade-winds, we rolled merrily on till
the 1792-04-2323d, when we anchored in 15
fathom, at Ascension Road. At this
uninhabited Island we found the Betsy,
an American schooner, with the master,
his wife, and four or five men onboard,
without a grain of tea or
scarcely any provisions. Our boats
were sent on-shore, with men, to try
if it were possible to procure some
turtle; they shortly returned with a
sufficient quantity, which was of infinite
service to numbers on-board.

The sea continued tranquil and the
ship still, which made our short stay
very agreeable. After leaving the body L1r 145
body of a child on shore for interment,
we again set sail on the 1792-04-2525th.

The moderate weather, and fine
trade-winds, added to the pleasing
hope of seeing our friends in a little
time, made the remainder of our
voyage appear short. The beginning
of the month of May, we had light
winds and frequent calms, which
tended to prolong our journey, and
to do away the expectations we had
formed of returning to Spithead about
the 1792-06-066th of June.

However, the intrusion of calms
was easily endured by us; for, after sailing
so many thousand miles together,
our little parties were, if possible, more
agreeable than at first setting-out, L and L1v 146
and for this reason it must not be supposed
that our friendship for each
other had in the least degree diminished,
but much the contrary.

About the middle of June, we
reached Saint Helens: Captain Parker
and the other gentlemen, intrusted
with government dispatches, fixed the
same evening for their departure for
London. Captain Edwards accompanied
me on-shore, and after four
hours rowing against wind and tide,
we landed at the Salley Port, at Portsmouth,
where we were met by many,
who, astonished at the speedy return
of our ship, cheerfully congratulated
us on our arrival.

We L2r 147

We repaired to the Fountain Inn,
and, after seeing the above gentlemen
set off for London, I retired to rest.
Early the next morning, accompanied
by one of our officers, I took chaise,
and arrived in town at 8 o’clock the
same evening, where I had the happiness
of again embracing an affectionate
mother, and a little daughter,
who is at this present time one of my
greatest comforts; my other child, a
boy, had died during my absence.
This vacancy in my family did not,
however, remain long after my arrival;
for, on the Thursday following, Captain
had luckily taken lodgings in
Frith-street, Soho, in the morning,
where, after a short ride from my
friend’s house, I was safe in bed at L2 4 o’clock L2v 148
4 o’clock in the afternoon. This little
boy is of the number of those for
whose benefit, by the advice of my
friends, I have taken the liberty to set
forth this narrative; humbly hoping
that my kind readers will pass over
the many faults with which it abounds,
when they reflect that it was written
under the pressure of mind, occasioned
by the unexpected loss of him, who
was indeed an indulgent husband,
and a tender parent. The youngest
of these fatherless children is an infant
of seven months, who has chiefly been
on my left arm, whilst the right was
employed in bringing once more to my
recollection the pleasing occurrences
of fifteen months, spent in the company
of him, whose kind attention
supported me under all my affliction:— 7 but L3r 149
but the scene is changed—a retrospect
of the past tends only to augment my
present calamities; whilst the future
presents nothing to my view but the
gloomy prospect of additional misfortunes
and additional sorrows!


L3v L4r

Lately published, Price 5s. sewed, The Second Edition of
A Fortnight’s Ramble
the Lakes
Westmoreland, Lancashire,

By A Rambler. “Heavens! what a goodly prospect spreads around Of Hills, and Dales, and Woods, and Lawns!― — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Happy Britannia! where the Queen of Arts Inspiring vigour, Liberty abroad Walks, unconfin’d, even to thy farthest cots, And scatters plenty with unsparing hand.” Thomson. Printed for J. Nichols, Red-Lion-Passage, Fleet-Street.


New Books printed for John Nichols,
Red-Lion-Passage, Fleet-Street.

L5r L5v