Books printed for, and sold by R. Wellington.

Familiar Letters:

Vol. I.

Written by the Right Honourable
John, late Earl of Rochester.
To the
Honble Henry Savile, Esq;
And other Letters, by
Persons of Honour and Quality.


Written by the most Ingenious
Mr. Thomas Otway,
Mrs. K. Phillips.

Publish’d from their Original Copies.

With Modern Letters, by Tho.
, Esq; Mr. Dennis
And Mr. Brown.

The Fourth Edition, with Additions.

London: Printed for Rich. Wellington, at
the Dolphin and Crown, at the West-
End of St. Paul’s Church-Yard. 17051705.

excerpt136 pages K5r 137


By the late Celebrated Mrs. Katherine Phillips.

The Fam’d Orinda, to the Honourable Berenice.

Your Ladiship’s last Favour from Col. P—’s was truly obliging, and carried so much of the same great Soul of Yours, which loves to diffuse it self in Expressions of Friendship to me, that it merits a great deal more Acknowledgment than I am able to pay at my best Condition, and am less now when my Head-akes, and will give me no leave to enlarge, tho’ I have so much Subject and Reason; but really if my Heart ak’d too, I could be sensible of a very great Kindness and Condescention in K5v 138 in thinking me worthy of Your Concern, tho’ I visibly perceive most of my Letters have lost their way to Your Ladiship. I beseech You, be pleas’d first to believe I have written every Post; but, secondly, since I came, and then to enquire for them, that they may be commended into Your Hands, where alone they can hope for a favourable residence: I am very much a Sharer by Sympathy, in Your Ladiship’s Satisfaction in the Converse You had in the Country, and find that to that ingenious Company Fortune had been just, there being no Person fitter to receive all the Admiration of Persons best capable to pay them, than the great Berenice: I hope your Ladiship will speak me a real Servant of Dr. Wilkins; and all that converse with You, have enrich’d all this Summer with Yours. I humbly thank Your Ladiship for Your Promise of Mr. Boyle’s Book, which indeed merits a publick, not View only, but Universal Applause, if my Vote be considerable in things so much above me. If it be possible, oblige me with the Sight of one of them, which (if Your Ladiship command it) shall be very faithfully return’d You. And now (Madam) why was that K6r 139 that a cruel Question, When will You come to Wales? ’Tis cruel to me, I confess that it is yet in question; but I humbly beg Your Ladiship to unriddle that part of your Letter, for I cannot understand why You, Madam, who have no Persons alive, to whom Your Birth hath submitted You, and have already by Your Life secur’d to Your self the best Opinion the World can give You, should create an Awe upon Your own Actions, from imaginary Inconveniencies: Happiness, I confess, is twofac’d, and one is Opinion; but that Opinion is certainly our own; for it were equally ridiculous and impossible to shape our Actions by others Opinions. I have had so much (and some sad) Reason to discuss this Principle, that I can speak with some Confidence, That none will ever be happy, who make their Happiness to consist in, or be govern’d by the Votes of other Persons. I deny not but the Approbation of wise and good Persons is a very necessary Satisfaction; but to forbear innocent Contentments, only because it’s possible some Fancies may be so capricious as to dispute, whether I should have taken them, is, in my Belief, neither better nor worse, than to fast always,ways, K6v 140 ways, because there are some so superstitious in the World, that will abstain from Meat, upon some Score or other, upon every Day in the Year, that is, some upon some Days, and others upon others, and some upon all. You know, Madam, there is nothing so various as Vulgar Opinion, nothing so untrue to it self: Who shall then please, since none can fix it? ’Tis a Heresy (this of submitting to every blast of popular Extravagancy) which I have combated in Persons very dear to me: Dear Madam, let them not have Your Authority for a Relapse, when I had almost committed them; but consider it without a Byass, and give Sentence as You see cause, and in that Interim put me not off, Dear Madam, with those Chymera’s, but tell me plainly what Inconvenience is it to come? If it be one in earnest I will submit, but otherwise I am so much my own Friend, and my Friend’s Friend, as not to be satisfied with Your Ladiship’s taking measure of Your Actions by others Opinion, when I know too that the severest could find nothing in this Journey that they could condemn, but your excess of Charity to me, and that Censure You have already supported with Parience,tience, K7r 141 rience, and (notwithstanding my own conciousness of no ways deserving your sufferance upon that score) I cannot beg You to recover the Reputation of your Judgment in that particular, since it must be my Ruine. I should now say very much for your most obliging Commands to me to write, and should beg frequent Letters from your Ladiship with all possible importunity, and should by command from my Lucasia excuse her last Rudeness (as she calls it) in giving You account of her Honour for You under her own Hand, but I must beg Your Pardon now, and out-believing all, I can say upon every one of these accounts, for really, Madam, You cannot tell how to imagine any Person more to any one than I am,

Madam, Your Ladiships most faithful Servant, and passionate Friend,


Lucasia K7v 142

Lucasia is most faithfully Your Servant: I am very glad of Mr. Cowley’s success, and will concern my self so much as to thank your Ladiship for your endeavour in it.

To K8r 143

To the Honourable Berenice.

Dear Madam,

Ihave been so long silent, that I profess I am now asham’d almost to beg your Pardon, and were not Confidence in your Ladiship’s Goodness a greater Respect than the best Address in the World, I should scarce believe my self capable of remission; but when your Ladiship shall know more fully than Papers can express, how much and how many ways I have suffered, you will rather wonder that I write at all, than that I have not written in a Week; when You shall hear that my Dear Lucasia, by a strange unfortunate Sickness of her Mother’s, has been kept from me, for three Weeks longer than I expected, and is not yet come: I have had some difficulty to live, and truly, Madam, so I have, and more difficulty to be silent to You, but that in earnest my disorder was too great to write: Dear Madam, pardon and pity me, and, to expresspress K8v 144 press that You do both, be pleas’d to hasten hither, where I shall pour all my Trouble into your Bosom, and receive thence all that consolation which I never in my Life more needed than I now do. You see, Madam, my presumption, or rather Distraction to leap from Confessions into Petitions, and those for advantages so much above my merit: But what is that, that the dear great Berenice can deny her faithful Orinda? And what is it that Orinda would not do or suffer, to obtain that sweet and desired Converse, she now begs of You? I am confident my Lucasia will suddenly be here, to thank You for Your Charity, which You will, by coming, express to me, and the Obligation You will put upon her by it; both which shall be equally and constantly acknowledg’d (if You will please to hasten it) by

Your faithfully affectionate Friend, and humble Servant,


To L1r 145

To the Honourable Berenice.

Imust confess my self extreamly troubled, to miss a Letter from your Ladiship in a whole fortnight, but I must beg You to believe your Silence did not occasion mine; for my Ambition to converse with You, and advantage in being allow’d it, is too great for me to decline any opportunity which I can improve to obtain so much happiness: But really the Box of Gloves and Ribbons miss’d a conveniency of going, and a Letter that attended them partak’d in the same misfortune; and by this time, and some days before it, I hope they have reach’d You, for they were sent away above a Week ago; and if so, all that I can tell You of my Desire to see Your Ladiship will be repetition, for I had with as much earnestness as I was capable of, begg’d it then, and yet have so much of the Beggar in me, that I must redouble that importunity now, and tell you, That I gasp for You with an impatience that L is L1v 146 is not to be imagin’d by any Soul wound up to a less concern in Friendship than Yours is, and therefore I cannot hope to make others sensible of my vast desires to enjoy You, but I can safely appeal to Your own illustrious Heart, where I am sure of a Court of Equity to relieve me in all the complaints and supplications my Friendship can put up: Madam, I am assured You love me, and that being once granted, ’tis out of dispute, that your Love must have nobler circumstances than mine, but because the greatness and reality of it must be always disputed with You, by me there must of necessity remain the obligingness of your Love to weigh down the Ballance, and give You that advantage over me in Friendship, which You unquestionably have in all things else, and if this reasoning be true, (as sure there are all Sciences in Friendship, and then Logick cannot be excluded) I have argued my self into a handsom necessity of being eternally on the receiving hand, but let me qualifie that seeming meanness, by assuring You, that even that is the greatest testimony of my esteem for Your Ladiship, that ever I can give; for I have a natural Pride (that I cannot much L2r 147 much repent of) which makes me very unwilling to be oblig’d, and more curious from whom I receive kindnesses than where I confer them; so that being contented to be perpetually in Your debt, is the greatest Confession I can make of the Empire You have over me, and really that Priviledge is the last which I can submit to part withal, to be just done in Acts of Friendship, and that I do not only yield You in all my Life past, but can beg to have it continued by Your doing me the greatest favour that ever I receiv’d from You, by restoring me my dear and honoured Berenice: This, Madam, is but one Action, but like the Summ of an Account, it contains the Value of all the rest, and will so oblige and refresh me, that I cannot express the satisfaction I shall receive in it; I humbly thank Your Ladiship for the assurance you have given me, that You suddenly intend it, and that You were pleas’d to be accountable to me for Your stay till 1658-12-25Christmas, which being now at hand, I hope You will have neither Reason, Importunity, nor Inclinations to retard the Happiness you intend me: Really, Madam, I shall and must expect it in these Holidays, and L2 a L2v 148 a disappointment to me is the greatest of Miseries; and then, Madam, I trust you will be convinc’d of this necessity there is of your Life and Health, since Heaven it self appears so much concern’d in it, as to restore it by a Miracle: And, truly had you been still in danger, I should have look’d upon that as more ominous than the Blazing-Star, so much discours’d of; but you are one of those extraordinary Blessings which are the Publick Concernments, and are, I trust, reserv’d to be yet many Years an Example of Honour and Ornament to Religion.

Oh, Madam, I have abundance to tell you and ask you, and if you will not hasten to hear it, you will be almost as cruel as Arsaces; but you will come, and, if you find any thing in this Letter that seems to question it, impute it to the continual distrust of my own merit, which will not permit me easily to believe my self favoured: Dear Madam, if you think me too timerous, confute me by the welcome Experiment of your Company, which, really, I perpetually long for, and again beg, as you love me, and claim as you would have me be- L3r 149 believe it; I am glad your Ladiship has pitch’d on a place so near me, you shall be sufficiently persecuted with Orinda. I know you will pardon me, for not acquainting you with the News you heard from other hands, when I tell you, there is nothing of it true, and the Town is now full of very different Discourse; but I shall tell you more particularly, when I have the honour to see you; and, till then, cannot with conveniency do it. I easily believe Deus factious; but in those Disputes, I think he discovers more Wit than Wisdom, and your Ladiship knows they are inseparable; I shall lose the Post, if I do not now hasten to subscribe, what I am always ready to make good, that I am more than any one living,

Your Ladiships most faithful, and most passionate Friend and Servant,


L3 To L3v 150

To the Honourable Berenice.

With the greatest Joy and Confusion in the World, I receiv’d, Dear Madam, your Ladiships most obliging Letter from Kew, and thus far I am reconciled to my own Omissions, that they have produc’d a Shame, which serves me now to allay a Transport, which had otherwise been excessive at the knowledge that I am to receive, that notwithstanding all my Failings, you can look upon me with so generous a Concern: I could make many Apologies for my self, and with truth tell you, That I have ventur’d Papers to kiss your Ladiship’s Hand, since I received one from it; but really, Madam, I had rather owe my Restitution wholly to your Bounty, than seem to have any pretence to it my self, and I will therefore allow my self utterly unworthy of having any room in your Thoughts, in that I have not perpetually begg’d it of you, with that Assiduity as is suitable to so great and so valued a Blesing;ing; L4r 151 ing; and I know that tho’ a Sea has divided our Persons, and many other Accidents made your Ladiships Residence uncertain to me, yet I ought to have been restless in my Enquiries how to make my Approaches to you; and all the Varieties, and Wandrings, and Troubles that I have undergone since I had the honour to see your Ladiship, ought not to have distracted me one moment from the payment of that Devotion to you, which, if you please I will swear never to have been one jot lessen’d in my Heart, as ill and as seldom as I have express’d it; but now, that my good Fortune has brought me once more so near your Ladiship, I hope to redeem my Time, by so constant and fervent Addresses to you, as shall both witness how unalterably I have ever lov’d and honour’d you, and how extreamly glad I am still to be preserv’d in so noble and so priz’d a Heart as yours; and, that I may the sooner be secur’d of that, and restor’d to your Converse, I must beg your Ladiship to find some occasion that may bring you to London, where I may cast my self at your Feet, both in repentance of my own Faults, and acknowledgment of your Goodness, and assure you that neither LucasiaL4 casia, L4v 152 casia, nor any other Person, ever had the Will, the Power, or the Confidence to hinder the Justice of my most affectionate Service to your Ladiship, and tho’ you fright me with telling me how much you have considered me of late, yet I will venture upon all the Severity that Reflection can produce; and if it be as great as I may reasonably fear, yet I will submit to it for the Expiation of my Failings, and think my self sufficiently happy if after any Penance, you will once more receive me into your Friendship, and allow me to be that same Orinda, whom with so much goodness you were once pleased to own as most faithfully yours, and who have ever been, and ever will be so: And, Dear, Dear Madam,

Your Ladiship’s most affectionate humble Servant and Friend,

K. Phillips.

This was wrote but a Month before Orinda died.

To L5r 153

To Mr. Herbert.

Ireceived your two Letters against Hyprocrisie and Love, but I must tell you, they have made me no Convert from Women, and their Favourite; for who, like Simonides, wou’d give nine scandalous Origins to Womankind, for one good one, meerly because the Follies and Vices of that Sex deserve it, and yet hope ever to make your Account of them? Or who, with Petronius Arbiter would tell the Lawyers,

Quid faciunt Leges ubi sola pecunia regnat?

Aut ubi paupertas vincere nulla potest,

Ipsi qui Cynica traducunt tempora cena,

Nonnunquam nummis vendere verba solent,

Ergo judicium, nihil est nisi publica Merces

Atq; eques in cause qui sedet empta probat.

Thus English’d by Mr. Barnaby.

Laws bear the Name, but Money has the Power;

The cause is bad when e’er the Cllent’s Poor;

Those L5v 154

Those strict-liv’d Men that seem above our World,

Are oft too modest to resist our Gold;

So Judgment, like our other Wares, is sold;

And the Grave Knight that nods upon the Laws,

Wak’d by a Fee, Hems, and approves the Cause.

That the Bar is but a Market for the Sale of Right, and that the Judge sits there only to confirm what the Bribe had secur’d before, and yet hope ever to escape when you come into their Hands? Or what Man that has his Interest before his Eyes, would tell this dangerous Truth, That Priests of all Religions are the same?

No, no, Plain-dealing must be left to Manly, and confin’d to the Theatre, and permit Hypocrisie and Nonsence to prevail with those pretty Amusements, Women, that like their own Pleasure too well, to be fond of Sincerity. You declaim against Love on the usual Topicks, and have scarce any thing new to be answer’d by me, their profess’d Advocate, if by Repentance you mean the Pain that accompanies Love; all other Pleasures are mixt with 155 with that, as well as Love, as Cicero observes in his second Book de Oratore, Omnibus rebus, voluptatibus maximis fastidium finitimum est: In all things where the greatest Pleasures are found, there borders a satiety and uneasie pain. And Catullus, Non est dea nescia nostri, quæ dulcem euris miscet amaritiem: Nor am I unknown to that bright Goddess, who with my Cares mingles a sweet pleasing Bitter. But I take this Pain in Love to proceed from the imperfection of our Union with the Object belov’d, for the Mind forms a thousand entrancing Idea’s, but the Body is not capable of coming up to that satisfaction the Mind proposes; but this Pain is in all other Pleasures that we have, none of which afford that fulness of Pleasure, as Love, which bears some proportion to the vehemence of our Desires: Speak therefore no more against Love, as you hope to die in the Arms of Sylvia, or not perish wretchedly in the Death of a Pumpkin. I am

Your Friend, &c.
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