i A2r

The Mothers Counſell

Or,
Live within Compaſſe.

Being the laſt Will and Teſtament to her
deareſt Daughter.

A square with a compass shape within it. The compass shape is divided into three concentric rings. Within the center ring are two female figures, one holding out a book to the other, with the word Modesty written above them. In the next ring, which is divided into four quarters, the phrases In Chastitie, In Temperance, In Humilitie and In Beautie appear. In the next ring sentences appear above each respective phrase: Chastity is the key to Religion; Temperance is the mother of [page cut off, illegible word]; Humilite is a womans best armor; Beauty is a womans golden Crown. Outside the compass, each of the four corners of the surrounding square contains a word: Wantonness is in the corner beyond Chastity, Madness beyond Temperance; Pride beyond Humilitie, Odiosness beyond Beauty.

Printed at London for John Wright, and are to be ſold at his Shop in
damaged1 word ſpur ſtreet without Newgate, at the ſigne of the Bible. 16301630

ii A2v iii A3r

Good Counſell to the Chriſtian Reader.

  • 1

    That you keepe a narrow watch over your heart, words, and deedes continually.
  • 2

    That with all care the time be redeemed that hath been idly, careleſly, and unprofitably ſpent.
  • 3

    That once in the day at leaſt, private prayer, and meditation bee made.
  • 4

    That care be had to doe, and receive good in company.
  • 5

    That your family be with all diligence and regard, inſtructed, watched over, & Chriſtianly governed.
  • 6

    That no more care bee ſpent in matters of this world, then muſt needs.
  • A3 7 That iii A3v
  • 7

    That you ſtirre up your ſelve to liberalitie to Gods Saints.
  • 8

    That you prepare your ſelves to beare the Croſſe, by what meanes ſoever it ſhall pleaſe God to exerciſe you.
  • 9

    That you give not the leaſt bridle to wandring thoughts.
  • 10

    That you beſtow ſome time in mourning, not onely for your owne ſinnes, but for the time and age wherein you live.
  • 11

    That you looke daily for the comming of our Lord Jeſus Chriſt, for your full deliverance out of this world.
  • 12

    That you acquaint your ſelves with ſome godly perſon, with whom you may conferre of your Chriſtian eſtate, and open your doubts, to the quickning of Gods graces in you.

M. R.

The
1 A4r 1

The Mothers counſell, Or, Live within Compaſſe, Being the laſt Will and Teſta ment to her deareſt Daughter, which may ſerve for a worthy Legacie to all the Women in the World, which deſire good report from men in this world, and grace from Chriſt Jeſus in the laſt day.

Live within Compaſſe: In Chaſtitie.

Firſt my Daughter underſtand, that Chaſtity is the beautie of the ſoule and puritie of life, which refuſeth the corrupt pleſures of the fleſh. illegible1-2 words onely poſſeſſed of thoſe who be1-2 wordsillegible A4 2 A4v 2 bodies cleane and udefiled, and it conſiſteth either, in sincere virginitie, or in faithfull matrimony.

The chaſte ſoule is a rich chamber, onely fit for Chriſt.

The moſt bountifull God is a chaſte and pure Spirit, and therefore above all things thou oughte to call upon him with chaſte prayers.

If the body be not kept pure and unſpotted from whoredome, the Soule can hardly be fervent in devout prayer.

Pure chaſtity is beauty to the Soule, grace to the body, and peace to all worthy deſires.

Beautie is like the flowers of the Spring, but chaſtitie like the ſtarres in heaven.

So muſt the fleſh be nouriſhed, that it may ſerve thee; ſo muſt it be tamed, that it be not proud.

As nothing is more vile than to be overcommed of the flesſh, ſo nothing is more glorious, than to overcome the fleſh.

Frugalitie is the ſtave of chaſtitie.

Chaſtity is a vertue of the ſoule, whoſe companion is fortitude.

Chaſtity 3 A5r 3

Chaſtity is the Seale of Grace, the ſtaffe of devotion, the marke of the Juſt, the crowne of virginity, the glory of life, and a comfort in Martyrdome.

Idleneſſe is the enemy to chaſtity.

Chaſtity without charity, is a Lamp without oyle.

Chaſtity and modeſty are ſufficient to enrich the poore: And wiſe men in marriage, rather make choyce of honeſty and manners, than looſeneſſe of behaviour with great Lands and rich poſſeſſions.

If chaſtity bee once loſt, there is nothing left prayſe-worthy in a woman.

The firſt ſtep to chaſtity, is to know the fault, the next, to avoyd it.

Where neceſſitie is joyned unto chaſtity, thence Authoritie is given to uncleanneſſe; for neither is ſhe chaſte which by feare is compelled, neither is ſhe honeſt which with neede is obtained.

Doe not ſay thou haſte a chaſte minde, if thine eye be wanton: for a laſcivious looke is a ſigne of an inconſtant heart.

Amongſt all the conflicts of a Chriſtian ſoule, none is more hard than the warres of a chaſte minde, for the fight is continuall, and the victorie rare.

Chaſtity 4 A5v 4

Chaſtity with the raines of Reaſon bridleth the rage of luſt.

A chaſte eare cannot abide to heare that which is diſhoneſt.

True felicity though hid from mortall eyes, yet is it the object of a chaſte ſpirit.

The firſt felicitie that a chaſte woman ſhall have after this life, is the reſt of her Soule in Chriſt: the ſecond ſhall be the immortalitie and glory of her body.

That chaſte woman hath got to the height of felicitie, whom no feare troubleth, no penſiveneſſe conſumeth, no carnall concupiſcence tormenteth, no deſire of worldly wealth afflicteth, nor any fooliſhneſſe moveth unto mirth.

A chaſte woman is to be meaſured not by her beauties, but by her vertues.

A woman is the wonder of Nature if ſhee wrong not Nature.

A chaſte woman is an admirable Angell, till ſhe be drawne by angells to become a Devill.

Women that are chaſte when they are truſted, prove often wantons when they are cauſeleſſe ſuſpected.

A virgins heart is like the Cotton tree, whoſe fruit is ſo hard in the Bud, that it 5 A6r 5 it ſoundeth like ſteele, and being ripe puts forth nothing but wooll.

Chaſtite is a veile which Innocents adorne,

th’ ungatherd roſe defēended with the thorne.

O Chaſtitie the gift of bleſſed ſoules,

comfort in death, a crowne unto the life,

which all the paſſions of the minde controls,

adorne the minde, and beautifies the wife;

that grace, the which nor death, nor time attaints,

Of earthly Creatures, making heavenly Saints.

Penelope in ſpending chaſte her dayes,

as worthy as Ulyſſes was of prayſe.

Beleee’t, a woman cannot take upon her

with Beauty, Riches, nor with hie nobility,

to claime the true deſerved praiſe of honor,

if chaſtitie doe faile by her fragilitie;

for that’s the vertue which defends her honor.

Chaſtitie is ſtrong, when all that wooe

it doth reſiſt, and turnes them vertuous too.

Unchaſte words utter’d to a vertuous dame,

turne and defile the ſpeaker with red ſhame.

A 6 A6v 6

A Wife is like a garment uſ’d and torne,

A Maid like one made up, but never worne.

Gold is not knowne by ſight, but by the teſt:

Thought makes not chaſte, but tryall proves them beſt.

Misfortune ſtill ſuch projects doth purſue,

He makes a falſe Wife that ſuſpects a true.

Their carriage, not their Chaſtitie alone,

Muſt keepe their name chaſte from ſuſpition.

Out of Compaſſe in Chaſtitie, Is Wantonneſſe.

Wantonneſſe when it turnes to luſt, in a womans boſome, is a deſire againſt reaſon, a furious and unbridled appetite, which killeth all good motions in her minde, and leaveth no place for vertue.

Shame 7 A7r 7

Shame and infamie waits at the heeles of unbridled wantons.

Wantonneſſe is an enemy to the purſe, a foe to the perſon, a canker to the minde, a corroſive to the conſcience, a weakner of the wit, a beſotter of the ſenſes, and laſtly, a mortall bane to all the bodie; ſo that thou ſhalt finde pleaſure is the path-way to perdition, and wantonneſſe the load-ſtone to ruth and ruine.

Wantonneſſe maketh a woman covet beyond her power, to act beyond her nature, and to die before her time.

Senſuall and wanton vice hath ever theſe three companions. Firſt, blindneſſe of underſtanding; ſecondly, hardneſſe of heart; and laſtly, want of Grace and perfection.

Wantonneſſe is inſeparably accompanied with the troubling of order, with impudency, ſloth, and diſſoluteneſſe.

Adultery deſireth not procreation, but onely pleaſure.

Wantonneſſe is a ſtrong tower of miſchiefe, and hath in it many keepers and many defenders, as Needineſſe, Anger, Paleneſſe, Diſcord, Love, and Longing.

Euery 8 A7v 8

Every good woman makes not for every man a good wife, and more than one diſh of meat can pleaſe all ſtomackes; but every evill woman makes an abſolute ill wife, as a drop of Coloquintida marres the whole pot of pottage.

Wanton dwarfe-women, or fooliſh ones, are the worſt to make wives of; for the firſt brings forth but a race of Pigmies, and for the latter, there is nothing more fulſome as a ſhe-foole.

Wantonneſſe is attended on by riot, and they two impaire health, conſume wealth, and transforme a woman to a beaſt.

Wantonneſſe is a ſin of no ſingle rank: No ordinary ſtation, that never walkes unattended with a traine of miſdemeanors at the heeles.

Corrupt company is more infectious than corrupt aire; therefore let women be adviſed in their choiſe; for that text of thy ſelfe that could never bee expounded; thy companion ſhall as thy commentarie, lay open to the world: for it is ſeene by experience, that if thoſe which are neither good nor evill, accompany with thoſe that are good, they are tranſ formed 9 A8r 9 formed into their vertue. If thoſe that are neither good nor evill conſort with thoſe that are evill, they are incorporated to their vice. If the good companie with the good, both are made the better; if the evill with the evill, both the worſe; for ſuch as the companie is, ſuch is the condition.

There be foure vices a wanton woman is ever moſt troubled with, ſloathfulneſſe, careleſnes, vaine curioſitie, and niceneſſe.

Hate and Diſdain ſhines in a wantons eyes;

Deceit and Treaſon in their boſome lies.

Th’are mad, that thinke by any meanes to ſtay

A wantons mind that is diſpoſd to ſtray.

Such is the crueltie of women kind,

when they have ſhaken off the ſhamefac’ſt band,

with which wiſe nature did them ſtrongly bind.

t’obey the heſts of mans well ruling hand,

that then all rule & reaſon they withſtand,

to purchaſe a licentious libertie,

But vertuous women wiſely underſtand

that they were borne to Humilitie,

unleſſe the Heavens them lift to lawfull Soveraigntie.

’Tis 10 A8v 10

’Tis certaine that the wanton woman never

Loves Beautie in her ſexe, but Envie ever.

There cannot be a greater clog to man,

than to be troubled with a wanton woman.

’Tis evermore obſerv’d mongſt men,

that be ſhe Baſe or Hie,

A wanton eye doth guide her wit,

and not her wit her Eye.

Looſe women doe repine their ſinnes to heare,

and folly flings, if counſail touch thēem neare.

The fooliſh and the wanton women uſe

T’obey them moſt, who doth them moſt abuſe.

A witleſſe foole & wanton we may gueſſe,

that leaves the more, & takes her to the leſſe.

When wantons finely ſooth their owne deſires,

their beſt cōonceits do prove the greateſt liers.

Live within Compaſſe in Temperance.

Abuſe not thy body in thy youth by Surfet, Riot, or any other diſtemper, through 11 B1r 11 through an over-weening abilitie of ſtrength; for youth and Nature paſſe over many Infirmities that are growing till their age.

Live temperately and vertuouſly, that thou mayſt dye patiently; for who lives moſt honeſtly, will dye moſt willingly: and for thy long dayes and better health on earth, afflict not thy body with too much unneceſſary Phyſicke, but furniſh thy minde in time of plentie to lay up for it ſelfe and others in the time of want; for ſurely her end ſhall be eaſie and happie, that death finds with a weake body, but a ſtrong Soule.

Grieve not to groane under the hand of ſickneſſe; for as ſometimes it purgeth the body from intemperate humors, ſo doth it oftentimes the Soule from more dangerous ſecuritie, and the rather, ſince there is no perfect health in this world, but a newtralitie betweene ſickneſſe and health.

The eyes are the inſtruments of luſt, therefore make a covenant with them, that they betray not thy heart to vanitie.

Suffer with thoſe that ſuffer, be crucified with thoſe that are crucified: ſo ſhalt B thou 12 B1v 12 thou be glorified with thoſe that are glorified.

True grace and Temperance doe not lift up, but humble a good woman; therefore ſhe is not yet partaker of true grace which doth not walke in humilitie of heart. The Streames of Gods grace doe flow downwards, not upwards.

God creates of nothing, and he repaires of nothing; that therefore thou maiſt bee partaker of the Regeneration and Reparation, be nothing in thine owne eyes, that is, attribute nothing to thy ſelfe, arrogate nothing to thy ſelfe. Women are weake and fraile; but judge none frailer than thy ſelfe: to be inferiour to all, hurts none, to be above any, offends many.

Temperance is an enemy to luſt, and luſt is an ever-waiting ſervant to the pleaſures of high bloods.

Temperance calleth a womun backe from all groſſe affects and carnall appetites, and lets her neither exceed in fooliſh rejoycing, nor in ungodly ſorrowing.

Shee is firmely to be accounted temperate, which from the ground of reaſon can governe and bridle the vice of ſenſualitie,alitie, 13 B2r 13 alitie, and all other groſſe affections of the minde, and paſſions.

Temperance is the true Peace-maker in all the tumults betweene reaſon and paſſion.

When the untamed paſſions of a woman have their full careere, and are neither over-ruled with Temperance nor diſcretion; then is the ſoule loſt and forſaken, or at leaſt, deformed and miſerable; and the more delicately the body is handled, the more ſtubbornly it wraſtleth againſt the minde; for the heavie burthen of the body is onely the oppreſſon of the ſoule.

Shee cannot commend Temperance that imagineth the beſt felicitie to conſiſt in pleaſure.

O it is Temperance, with his golden ſquire

Between our paſſions, meaſures out a mean,

Neither to melt in pleaſures hot deſire,

Nor fry in heartleſſe griefe & dolefull teen:

Thrice happie ſhee that ſtayes them both betweene.

O in what ſafetie Temperance doth reſt,

When it finds harbor in a modeſt breſt.

B2 Of 13 B2v 14

Of all Gods workes which doe this world adorne,

There’s none more faire, more ſweet or excellent

Then womans body, both for power and forme,

Whilſt it is kept in temperate government.

’Tis harder for to learne faire continence

In joyous pleaſure than in grievous paine,

For ſweetnes doth allure the weaker ſenſe

So ſtrongly, that unneath it can refraine

From that which feeble nature covets fain;

But griefe and wrath that be her enemies

And foes of life, ſhee better can reſtraine,

Yet vertue vaunts in both their victories.

Let Wolves and Beaſts be cruell in their kinds,

But women meeke, and of faire temperate mindes.

Though men mindes can cover with bold ſterne lookes,

Pale womens faces are their owne faults bookes.

Thoſe vertues that in women praiſe doe win,

Are ſober ſhewes without, chaſte thoughts within;

True faith & due obedience to their make,

And of their children honeſt care to take.

They 15 B3r 15

They melt with words as wax againſt the Sunne,

So weake ins many women’s modeſtie,

For what ſometimes they moſt would ſeeme to ſhield,

Another time unaskt, poore ſoules they yeeld.

Out of Compaſſe in Temperance. Madneſſe.

Amad woman is like a rough ſtirring Horſe, and as he muſt have a ſharp bit, ſo muſt ſhee have a ſharp reſtraint.

As a blocke though it be decked with gold, pearles, gems, and precious ornaments, is not to be regarded except it repreſent the ſhape of ſome thing: even ſo a woman be ſhe never ſo rich and glorious, yet if ſhee want obedience, ſhe is of no account or eſtimation.

Such wives as would rather have fooliſh Husbands whom they might rule, than to be ruled by ſober wiſe men, are like them that would rather lead a blind B3 man 16 B3v 16 man in an unknowne path, than follow one that can both ſee and knoweth the way directly.

She that forſakes her husband becauſe ſhe diſlikes his manners, is like her that forſakes the Honey leaſt the Bee might ſting her.

They which ſacrificed to Juno the goddeſſe of married women, tooke ever the galls from the beaſts which they ſacrificed; ſignifying thereby, that all anger, madneſs, and diſpleaſure ſhould ever be farre from married couples.

In three points women and fooles hold ſmall difference; they are full of vaine affections, they are curious and peeviſh to pleaſe, and ever wilfull to diſobay.

There is no creature that more deſireth honour, and worſe keepeth it than a mad woman.

The intemperate woman with her lightneſſe, and children with their ſmall knowledge, occupy their minds in things preſent: but vertuous wiſe women do thinke on that is paſt, they ordaine for that which is preſent, and with great ſtudy and care provide for the time to come.

There are in outragious womens eyes two 17 B4r 17 two ſeverall ſorts of teares, the one of griefe, the other of deceit.

Beautie in womens faces, and outrage in their hearts, are two wormes which fret life, and waſte goods.

Mad women for a little goodnes looke for a great recompence, but for much evill no chaſtiſement.

A fierce beaſt and a dangerous foe is an outragious woman to a Commonwealth: for ſhee hath much power to doe much harme, and is not apt to follow any goodneſſe.

A mad woman once defamed beleeves after in no womans vertue, but defameth all to make her owne vice worthie of a companion.

The tongue of a mad woman is a ſlipperie inſtrument, nimble to doe miſchiefe; for commonly by it friendſhip is decayed, worldly riches diminiſhed, the life moſt miſerably waſted, and infamy and immortal paine purchaſed.

Such a miſchievous evill is the ſinne of detraction in the heart of a proud and unruly woman, that there is neither long familiaritie, accuſtomed fellowſhip, nor cauſes of approved friendſhip, neither yet B4 any 18 B4v 18 any eſtate or degree that can once bridle them, or ſtay them from doing infinite miſchiefe.

She that is given to the vice of detraction, is worthily subjceect to the common hatred of men, and to be eſchewed of all as a moſt peſtilent infection; and at her enterance into any place among good women, every mouth to be either ſtopped againſt her, or other wiſe opened to hiſſe her out of doores, as a thing altogether voyde of delight, and filled up but with danger onely.

Amongſt temperate women, madde women are made bright; but amongſt madde women, temperate women are made glorious.

It is a great madneſſe in any woman to amuſe upon thoſe things which are farre beyond her underſtanding.

A faire woman without diſcretion, is like a faire houſe and an evill hoſt harbored therein.

Many times of wiſe maides becommeth fooliſh wantons, and of fooliſh wantons, wiſe maides.

Let every woman behold her ſelfe in a Looking-glaſſe, and if ſhee appeare beauti- 19 B5r 19 beautifull, let her doe ſuch things as become her beautie, but if ſhee ſeeme foule, then let her make good with good manners the beautie which her face lacketh.

As the body being alwayes oppreſt with labour loſeth his ſtrength, and ſo periſheth; ſo doth the minde of a woman oppreſſed with paſſions and pleaſures of this world, loſe the force, luſt, and deſire which ſhee had to the reſt of eternall life to come.

Exceſſe of paſſions may ever hurt, they can never profit.

When ſenſualitie reigneth, (eſpecially amongſt women) there reaſon taketh no place.

A madde Woman knoweth things done, but a diſcreet woman conſidereth things long before they come to paſſe.

Praiſe and indiſcretion can never be coupled together.

From idle wit there ſprings a brain-ſick will,

Which wiſe men luſt, which fooliſh make a god;

This in the ſhape of vertue reigneth ſtill,

But ’tis the onely vice, one worſt and odde.

Will 20 B5v 20

Will puts in practice what the wit deviſeth;

Will ever acts, and wit contemplates ſtill,

And as from wit the power of wiſedome riſeth,

All other vertues daughters are of will.

The heedleſſe will true judgement doth enſnare,

Who’s rul’d by it doth never want her care.

Where womens actions meaſure no regard,

there lawleſſe will is made his owne regard.

Such is the crueltie of women kinde,

When they have ſhaken off the ſhame-fac’t band,

With which wiſe nature did them ſtrongly binde

T’obey the heſts of mans well-ruling hand,

That then all rule & reaſon they withſtand,

To purchaſe a licentious libertie:

But vertuous women wiſely underſtand,

That they were borne to baſe humilitie,

Unleſſe the Heavens them lift to lawfull ſovereigntie.

What iron band, or what ſharp-mouthed bit,

What chain of Diamond; if ſuch might be,

Can 21 B6r 21

Can bridle womens wrath, or conquer it,

And keepe them in their bounds, and true degree?

Craft makes a woman oft appeare in ſhow,

Merry and ſad, when ſhee is never ſo.

The lovely lookes, the ſighs that ſtorme ſo ſore,

The due of deep diſſembling doubtfulneſſe,

Theſe may attempt, but are of power no more,

When beauty leanes to wit & ſoothfaſtnes.

Live within Compaſſe: in Beautie.

There is nothing harder for a woman than to know her ſelfe; for blinded with beautie and ſelfe-love, they flatter themſelves in all things.

There is in every woman two powers, which draw and conduct her: a deſire of pleaſure bred in the beautie of the body, and a good opinion coveting onely good things: between theſe two there is continuall strife in women, and when the 22 B6v 22 the opinion hath the maiſtry, it maketh a woman ſober, chaſte, diſcreet, & quiet: but when deſire getteth the upper hand, it makes her luſtfull, riotous, covetous, & unquiet.

Three things a woman ought to hold remarkable, her ſoule, her body, the ſubſtance of this world: The ſoule firſt, becauſe it is a thing beautifull, & immortall, made after the ſhape of God himſelfe: The body next becauſe it is faire, and is the caſe and ſepulcher of the ſoule, and the neareſt ſervant to the ſecret ſpirit: laſtly the ſubſtance of this world being neceſſary, and the principall inſtruments and tools of the body. Let then the eyes of every womans inward minde firſt reſpect the beautie of her ſoule, then the comelineſſe of her body, and laſtly, the neceſſitie of riches.

She that loveth beautie more than vertue, ſhalt either lack that ſhe coveteth, or els loſe what ſhe hath got with great paine.

Shee that is in love with her owne beautie is like one that travelleth on the Seas; if ſhe eſcape the dangers (which are ſcandals) ſhee is fortunate, but if ſhee periſh, ſhee is wilfully deceived.

Truſt not beautie, for it never payeth what it promiseth.

Beautie 23 B7r 23

Beautie in this world is the delight of an houre, and the ſorrow of many dayes; but in the world to come, eternall reſt and long joy.

Beautie is of two ſorts, as of the body, which is a ſeemly compoſitiōon of all the members, wherein all the parts with a certain grace agree together; and the other of the minde, which is a conveniency meet for the excellency of man or woman, and that wherin their nature doth differ from other living creatures; & as the outward beauty moveth & rejoiceth the eies, ſo this ſhining in their lives by order & moderation, both in deeds & words, draweth unto them the hearts of them amongſt whom they live.

Beauty is ſuch a fading good, that it can be ſcarce poſſeſſed, before it be vaniſhed.

The greateſt gift that ever heaven beſtowed on a woman, is beautie; for it both delighteth the eye, contenteth the minde, & winneth good favour of all men.

The beauty of the body withereth with age, and is impaired by ſickneſſe, but the beautie of the ſoule, which is innocency and humilitie, can never be conſumed.

A beautifull countenance is a ſilent commendations.

The 24 B7v 24

The faireſt creature that ever God created was the world.

Beautie, honor, and wealth, are three deepe perſwaſions to make love frollick and men miſerable.

In all things divisible, there is ſomething more, ſomething leſſe, ſomething equall more or leſſe: what can be more equall than beautie or wit?

The Scorpion if hee touch never ſo lightly, invenometh the whole body; the leaſt ſparke of wild-fire ſets the whole houſe on a flame, the Cockatrice kils men with his ſight, the ſting of love and beautie woundeth deadly, the flame of fancy ſets all the thoughts on fire, and the eyes of a lover wounded with beautie, are accounted incurable.

Shee that is an enemy to beautie is a foe to nature, and ſhee that doats on beautie is a high traytor to nature.

Beauties that ſhould be concealed, too groſly diſcovered, are faire ſignes hung out to entice to an unhoſpitable Inne.

Beautie without honeſty is poyſon preſerved in a box of gold.

Let not a womans beauty, but her vertue be her dower, for her good deeds will remaine 25 B8r 25 remaine when age hath taken her beautie from her.

Let no woman strive to excell in beautie, but hold the golden meane, which is the true mediocritie and beſt part of any action, and muſt be uſed in all things: it containeth the full effects of prudence touching government, and tranquilitie concerning the ſoule.

Curioſitie and extremity baniſhed woman from the firſt modeſty of her nature.

To live on the mountaines, and have too much heat, is to be Sunne-burnt; to live in the valley and have too little, is barren; to hold the meane is ever moſt fruitfull.

’Tis ſacred Beautie is the fruit of ſight,

The curteſie that ſpeaks before the tongue,

The feaſt of ſoules, the glory of the lights,

Envy of age, and everlaſting young,

Pitties commander, Cupids richeſt throne,

Muſicke entranced, never dully ſung:

The ſumme and court of all proportion.

And that I may dull ſpeeches leaſt afford,

All Rhetorickes flowers in leſſe than a word.

’Tis 26 B8v 26

’Tis beauty that is a womans golden crown,

Mans conquereſſe, and feminine renowne,

Not joynd with love, who deare yet ever ſold it.

For Beauty is cheape, except loves eye behold it.

Beautie is ſtill an Adamant to all,

And Natures buſh that paſſengers doth call.

Beautie it ſelfe doth of it ſelfe perſwade

The eyes of men without an Orator:

What needeth then Apologies be made,

To ſet forth that which is ſo ſingular?

O how can Beauty maſter the moſt ſtrong,

And ſimple Truth ſubdue avēenging wrong?

O what is he whoſe youth can ſay he loves not,

Or who ſo old that womens beauty moves not?

Never were cheeks of roſes, locks of amber

Ordaind to live impriſon’d in a chamber.

Heaven made Beauty like it ſelfe to view,

Not to be lockt up in a ſmokie mew:

A roſie vertuous cheeke is heavens gold,

Which all men joy to touch, all to behold.

The 27 C1r 27

The ripeſt corne dyes if it be not reapt,

Beauty alone is loſt too char’ly kept.

Out of Compaſſe in Beautie, Odiouſneſſe.

To exceed Nature or thy condition, is a ryotous exceſſe in luſt, apparell, or other ornament, it is alſo a part of pride, and contrary to decency and comlineſſe.

Exceſſe of bravery brings a woman of wealth quickly to povertie, and exceſſe of beautie to hate and odiouſneſſe.

They that rather delight to decke their bodies than their ſoules, ſeems women rather created for their bodies than their ſoules.

As the weed cannot be eſteemed precious for the faire flower which it beareth, ſo ought no woman to be accounted vertuous for the gay garment ſhe weareth, or the beauty ſhee borroweth.

Beautie may be overthrowne with age, C and 28 C1v 28 and apparell conſumed with moaths: what folly is it then for women to delight in that which an houre can waſte, or a very little worme deſtroy?

Raine can never cauſe the Corne to bring forth any fruit which is ſowne upon hard ſtones, nor ſpeech cannot perſwade a proud woman to become an enemy to brave apparell.

Gorgeous garments are markes of pride, and neſts of riotouſneſſe.

As a man would judge one to be ill at eaſe which weareth a plaſter upon his face, or one that hath beene ſcourged to be puniſhed by the Law; ſo doth painting betoken in a woman, a diſeaſed ſoule marked with adultery.

As it is no wiſedome in admiring the ſcabard to deſpiſe the blade, ſo is it meere folly to praiſe a woman for her bravery, & diſcommend her for her modeſty.

Odious is that beautie which ſleepeth not with the face.

If by the civill Law the child may have an action of the caſe againſt him which ſhall deface the portraiture of his father, we may well imagine what action God will have againſt thoſe women which by artificiall 29 C2r 29 artificiall painting, ſeeke to correct his workmanſhip.

Painting haſtens wrinkles before old age come.

All kinde of painting, artificiall garniſhing, and colouring of haire, was forbidden among the Spartans, deſpiſed of wiſe men, and loathed of good men.

There are three things which coſt dearly, and conſume quickly; a faire woman that is unchaſte, a rich garment that hath many cuts, and a wealthy ſtocke in the hands of an ill husband.

The tongue of a bitter woman pierceth deeper than her eyes.

A painted womans ſorrowes, howſoever extreme, ought not to be redreſſed: for being trimmed up with diſſimulation, ſhe ſhould not be beleeved.

A painted womans eyes have two ſorts of teares, the one of ſorrow, the other of diſſimulation.

Falſe beautie in the faces of women, & folly in their heads, are two wormes that fretteth life, and waſteth goods.

All women for little goodneſſe looke for great praiſe, but for much evill no chaſtiſement.

C2 30 C2v 30

A fierce beaſt and a dangerous enemy to the common-wealth is a wicked woman, for ſhee is of much power to doe muche harme.

An ill womans heart is full of holes, apt to receive, but not to retaine.

He that can endure a curſt wife, needs not feare the Devill for his companion.

The cloſet of a bad womans thought is ever open, and the depth of her heart hath a ſtring that ſtretcheth to her tongues end.

A painted womans face is a liver ſmeared with carrion, her beauty baits of dead wormes, her lookes nets, and her words inticing charmes.

An unconſtant faire woman may bee likened to Praſiteles Picture which hee made of Flora, before which if one ſtood directly, it ſeemed to weepe; if on the left ſide, it ſeemed to laugh; if on the right ſide; to ſleepe.

A ſparke of beautie burnes a world of creatures,

When it is of ſophiſticated features.

O beauty, ſtill thine Empire ſwims in blood

And 31 C3r 31

And in thy peace warre ſtores himſelfe of food.

Beautie a begger, fie it is too bad,

When in it ſelf ſufficiency is had:

It was not made to pleaſe the wandring eie,

But an attire t’adorne ſweet modeſty.

If modeſty and women once doe ſever,

Farewell all fame, farewell all name for ever.

O beautie that betrayes thy ſelfe to every amorous eye,

To trap thy proud profeſſors, what is it but wantons try?

Where through it ſeldome haps, the faire from meane deceits to flye.

Truce, war, and woe; doe wait at beauties gate,

Time loſt, laments, reports, & privy grudge,

And laſt fierce love is but a partiall judge,

Who yeelds for ſervice ſhame, for friendſhip hate.

The Bees of Hybla have beſides ſweet honey, ſmarting ſtings;

And Beautie doth not want a bait that to repentance brings.

C3 The 32 C3v 32

The faireſt cheeke hath oftentimes a ſoule

Leprous as ſin it ſelfe, than hell more foule.

Live within Compaſſe: in Humilitie.

Shee that gathereth vertues without Humilitie, caſteth duſt againſt the winde, and loſeth her labour.

Happie is that woman whoſe calling is great, and her ſpirit humble.

Humilitie is a twinne to Chaſtitie and Nobilitie, and as neceſſary in a woman as her virginitie.

Nothing can repaire a decayed Chaſtitie but true Humilitie.

Since the Countrey which a woman deſires to dwell in, is high and heavenly, and the way thither Lowlineſſe and Humilitie, why then deſiring this Countrey, ſhould they refuſe the way?

There are three degrees of Humilitie: the firſt, of Repentence; the ſecond, a deſire of Righteouſneſſe; and the third, the workes of mercy.

Shee that cannot have what ſhee would, muſt 33 C4r 33 muſt be humbly content with what ſhee can get.

Sufferance maketh women Angels, but pride maketh them Devils.

Let not thankes waxe old, when gifts are in thy poſſeſſion.

She that refuſeth to buy good counſell cheape, ſhall buy repentance deare.

Mocke not at any in miſery, but by it avoid the like miſfortune.

Give no vaine and unneceſſary gifts, as is Armour to thy maids, Bookes to thy plow-ſwaine, or Nets to a Student.

Let thy beſt apparell be Juſtice, and thy uppermoſt garment Chaſtitie; ſo ſhalt thou be happy, and thy dayes proſper.

Let Vertue be thy life, Humilitie thy love, Honour thy fame, and Heaven thy felicitie.

Let not thy bounty exceed thy meanes, nor thy free mind thy modeſty, keepe thine eye in equall pace with thine eare, and thy tongue ſhort of thy feet.

Rather, live wal’d up with an Anchorite, than houſ’d with an evill woman.

Be not ſecure, leſt want of care procure thy calamitie; nor too carefull, leſt C4 penſiue 34 C4v 34 penſive thoughts oppreſſe thee with miſery.

Behold thy ſelfe in a Looking-glaſſe, and if thou appeare beautifull, doe ſuch things as becomes thy beautie; but if thou ſeeme foule, then performe with good manners the dutie which thy face wanteth.

If thy Parents ware poore, ſupply their want with thy wealth; if froward with age, beare patiently with their imperfections.

Live and hope as if thou wert not to live a moment.

Never wiſh impoſſible wiſhes, for it expreſſeth but a wanton paſſion, or a moſt greedy covetouſneſſe, both grounded on folly.

To frivolous queſtions ſilence is ever the beſt anſwer.

Be ware what thou granteſt in any ſort, for inconveniences follow one in the necke of the other.

If thou doubt in any thing, aske counſell of the wiſe, and be not angry at their reproofe, leaſt (as Martiall the Poet ſaid) it be truth that thou loveſt, not truth.

Shee 35 C5r 35

Shee that talketh much to little purpoſe, is like him that ſailes with a ſide-winde, and is borne to a wrong ſhoare.

As a woman without humilitie is unpleaſant, ſo humilitie without ſeveritie draweth neare to proſtitution.

She only may properly be called a womāan that in her behaviour governeth her ſelfe like a woman, that is to ſay, conformable to ſuch things as reaſon willeth, and not as the motions of ſenſualitie requireth.

Where any demand is a teſt, the fitteſt anſwer is a ſcoffe.

Rather labour to be delivered from contempt, than practiſe to be revenged.

The eye can never offend if the minde would rule the eye, but where there is deviſion, there is ever confuſion.

Solitarineſſe is the onely ſlie enemy that ſeparateth both woman and man from doing well.

Liking is not alwayes the childe of beautie, but jealouſie is ever the buſie harbenger to diſdaine.

Shee that will needs ſtirre affections in others, muſt firſt ſhew the ſame paſſion in her ſelfe.

Shee that blameth another, muſt firſt 36 C5v 36 firſt be blameleſſe her ſelfe, eſpecially in the matter ſhe blameth another for.

Forbearance of ſpeech is moſt dangerous when neceſſitie requireth to ſpeake.

Humilitie is aged, hoary, gray,

With looke full lowly caſt, and gate full ſlowe:

Who on a ſtaffe his ſteps doth ſtay,

To whom who comes muſt ever ſtoope moſt low;

For ſtrait and narrow is the way that he doth ſhow.

Humilitie to heaven is ſtep and ſtaire,

Both for devotion, ſacrifice, and prayer.

The bending knee in ſafetie ſtill doth goe,

when others ſtumble, as too ſtiffe to bow.

Ah, God ſhield maid, that any one ſhould learne to looke aloft:

This reed is rife, that oftentimes great climbers fall unſoft.

In humble dales is footing faſt, the troad is not ſo tickle:

And though one fall through heedles haſt, yet is his miſſe not mickle.

As 37 C6r 37

As on th’unſavory ſtock the Lilly’s borne,

And as the Roſe growes on the pricking thorne:

So modeſt life, with ſobs of glorious ſmart,

And cryes devout, comes from an humble heart.

More honor’s in humilitie, than ſafetie is in wals:

Ill livers prove not monuments, ſave onely in their falls.

Meekneſſe this noble vertue and divine,

Doth make a woman ſtill ſo rare and od,

As in that one ſhe moſt reſembleth God.

Ever as rage kindleth the fire of wrath,

Meeknes to quench it ſtore of water hath.

Out of Compaſſe in Humilitie, Pride.

Pride perceiving Humilitie to be honourable, deſires oftentimes to bee covered with her garment, for fears leaſt appearing alwayes in her owne likeneſſe, ſhee 38 C6v 38 ſhe ſhould be little regarded.

Immoderate wealth cauſeth pride, pride bringeth hatred, hatred worketh rebellion, rebellion maketh an alteration and changeth Kingdomes, even in womens diſſentions.

That kind of fantaſticke contemplation which tends to ſolitarineſſe, is but a glorious title to proud idleneſſe.

The proud conceit of young women, is, that they can ſpeake wiſely, when they cannot underſtand themſelves.

When Dogs fall on ſnarling, Serpents on hiſſing, and Women on weeping, the firſt meanes to bite, the ſecond to ſting, and the laſt to deceive.

As rewards are neceſſary for well-doers, ſo chaſtiſements are meet for proud offenders.

Pride is alwayes accompanied with Folly, Audacitie, Raſhneſſe, Impudency, and Solitarineſſe: as if one would ſay that the proud woman is abandoned of all the world, ever attributing that to her ſelfe which is not, having much more boaſt than matter of worth.

Pride did firſt ſpring in men from too much abundance of wealth, in women from 39 C7r 39 from too much truſt in beautie, and the flattery of men.

Pride is the mother of Envie; ſtrangle her, and her daughter dieth.

She that knowes her ſelfe beſt, will ever eſteeme her ſelfe leaſt.

It is hard for a faire woman not to be proud.

A proud woman is like Theocritus his fiſherman; ſhee onely feeds the vanitie of her fancy with dreames of gold.

If a mans folly make a woman once his equall, her pride will ſoone make her ſelfe his ſuperior.

Women be of ſo tender condition, that they will complaine for a ſmall cauſe, and for a leſſe will riſe up into infinite pride.

There is no creature that more deſires honour, worſe keeps it, and ſooner loſeth it, than a proud woman.

Proud women in miſchiefe are ever wiſer than men.

It is naturall to a proud woman, to deſpiſe that which is offered her; and death to her to be denied any thing ſhee demandeth.

Sophocles being asked, why, when he brought in the perſons of women, hee made 40 C7v 40 made them alwayes good, whereas Euripides made them all bad: Because (quoth he) I preſent women as they ſhould be and Euripides preſented them ſuch as they are.

A proud womans will is like a Sheffild knife, ſometimes ſo ſharpe it will cut a haire, and otherwhiles ſo blunt it muſt needs goe to the grindſtone.

If women be beautifull, they are to be won with prayſes; if coy, with prayers; if proud, with gifts; if wonton, with promiſes; but if good, with providence and vertue.

Thoſe women which eſteeme themſelves moſt wiſe, are evermore the ſooneſt tickled with selfe-love.

A proud womans mind is ever uncertaine: it hath as many new devices as a tree hath leaves, for ſhee is alwayes deſirous of change, and ſeldome loveth him heartily with whom ſhee hath beene long converſant.

Truſt not a proud woman when ſhee weepeth, for it is her nature to ſhed teares when ſhe wants her will.

A proud woman in her wit is pregnable, in her ſmile deceivable, in her frowne revengeable,uengeable, 41 C8r 41 vengeable, and laſtly in her death acceptable.

Of griſly Pluto, Pride the daughter was,

And ſad Proſperpina the Queene of hell,

Yet doth ſhe thinke her pearles worthy to paſſe,

That parēentage with pride ſo doth ſhe ſwell;

And thundring Jove that hie in heaven doth dwell,

And wield the world, ſhee claimed for her ſire

Or if that any elſe doth Jove excell,

For to the higheſt ſhe doth ſtill aſpire;

Or if ought higher were, then that doth ſhe deſire.

O pride the ſhelf cloſe ſhrouded in the port

Of this lifes Ocean, drowning all reſort.

Pride makes her rounds, for ſhee hath never end,

And Sonets, for ſhe never leaves her noiſe:

She makes her dumps, if any thing offend,

And to her idoll ſelfe, with warbling voice,

Sings Hyms & Anthems of eſpeciall choice:

And yet prides quire’s put to ſilence clean,

Wanting a Baſe, a Tenor, and a Meane.

Pride 42 C8v 42

Pride is the ſcourge of ſin, the Devils fee,

The head of hell, the bough, the branch, the tree.

From which doe ſpring and ſprout ſuch fleſhly ſeeds,

As nothing elſe but moane and miſchiefe breeds.

Such is the nature ſtill of haughtie pride,

Can nothing leſſe than others praiſe abide.

A proud maid may her owne muſitian be,

Her heads device makes pavens to her heart

This hart with lips & pleaſures dāanceth free,

All but the meaſures framing every part;

Like Organs worthy of ſo ſweet an Art,

Her thoughts playes marches on her vaulting mind,

And Memory her Recorder ſtands behind.

Finis.