i A1r

The Mirrour of Princely
deedes and Knighthood:

Wherein is shewed the worthineſſe of the
Knight of the Sunne, and his brother
Roſicleer, ſonnes to the great Emperour
Trebetio: with the ſtrange
love of the beautifull and excellent
Princeſſe Briana,
and the valiant actes of
other noble Princes

and Knightes.

Now newly tranſlated out of Spaniſh
into our vulgar Engliſh
tongue, by M.T.

A man with a crown steering a coach with two horses.

Imprinted at London
by Thomas Eaſt.

ii A1v iii A2r

To the right honourable the Lord Thomas Haward.

Not being greatly forwarde of myne own inclination, (right honourable) but forced by the importunity of my friends to make ſome triall of my ſelfe in this exerciſe of trāanſlation. I have adventured upon a peece of worke not in deede the moſt profitableſt, as entreting of arms, nor yet altogether fruitleſſe, if example may ſerve, as being hiſtoricall, but the while, either to be born withal for the delight, or not to be refuſed for the ſtr āangenes: farther I mean not to make boaſte of my travaile, for the matter was offred not made choice off, as ther appeared lykewiſe little lybertie in my firſt yielding. The earneſtneſſe of my friends perſwaded me that it was convenient to lay forth my talent for encreaſe, or to ſette my candle on a candleſticke, and the conſideration of my inſufficiency drove me to thinke it better for my eaſe, eyther quite to bury my talent, therby to avoyde the breaking of thriftleſſe debtes, or rather to put my candle cleane out, then that it ſhould bewray every unſwept corner in my houſe, but the opinion of my friendes judgement prevailed above mine owne reaſon. So upon hope to pleaſe them I firſt undertooke this labour, & I have gone thorow withall, the rather to acquaint my ſelfe with mine olde reading: wherto ſince the diſpatch theroff, I have made my friends privie, & upon their good liking with requeſt thereto, I have paſſed my graunt unto thēem for the publicatiōon, reſerving to my ſelfe the order for the dedication, ſo as I ſhould thinke beſt either for the defence of my worke, or for ſome perticuler merite towards me. And heerein I tooke no long leyſure to finde out a ſufficient perſonage. For the manifolde benefits receyved from your honourable parents my good A.ii. Lord iv A2v Lord and Lady, quickly eaſed me of that doubt, and preſented your honour unto my viewe: whome by good right I ought to love and honour in eſpeciall, as being of them begotten, at whoſe handes I have reaped eſpeciall benefit. The which benefit if I ſhould not ſo gladly profeſſe openly, as I willingly received being offred, I might well be challenged of unkindeneſſe: but were I as able to make good my part, as I am not ignoraunt what may be required at my hands, I would hope not to be founde ungrateful. In the meane time this my travaile I cōommend unto your Lordſhippe, beſeeching the ſame, ſo to accept thereoff, as a ſimple teſtimony of that good will which I bere to your parēents while they lived thēen being their ſervāant, & now do owe unto their ofspring after their deceaſe, for their demerits. Under your honours protectiōon I ſhal leſſe fere the aſſalt of the envios, & of your honours good acceptaci ōon I have ſome hope in the mildenes of your Lordſhips nature, not doubting but that as your Lordſhippe hath given no final ſignification in this your noble youth of wiſedome and courage to ſo many as knowe you, it being the only ſupport of your aunceſtours lyne: ſo the ſame lykewiſe will maynteine your aunceſtours glorye & the hope of your owne vertues with affabilitie & gentleneſſe, which was the proper commēendation of your parents. The almightie encreeſe this hope with the other vertues before named, to the good hope of your counttries peace, your Princeſſe ſafetie, and your owne honour, with the Joy of your kindred & friēends, whom not a few your parents good deſerving hath aſſured unto you, and of whoſe erneſt prayers you ſhal not faile, to further your wel doing. Amongſt them though laſt in worthineſſe, yet with the formoſt in well wiſhing and deſire of wel deſerving, your honour ſhall finde me.

Your honours humbly moſt aſſured.

Margaret Tyler.

v A3r

M T. to the Reader

The commendation of the ſto ry. Thou haſt heere, gentle Reader, the hiſtorie of Trebatio an Emperour in Greece: whether a true ſtorie of hun in deede, or a fained fable, I wot not, neither dyo I greatly ſeeke after it in the tranſlation, but by me it is done into Engliſh for thy profit & delight. The chiefe matter therin contained is of exploits of wars, & the parties therin named, are eſpecially renowmed for their magnanimitie & courage. The authors purpoſe appearth to be this, to animate thereby, and to ſet on fire the luſtie courages of yoūung gentlemen, to the advauncement of their line, by enſuing ſuch like ſteps. The firſt tongue wherein it was penned was the Spaniſh, in which nation by common report, the inheritance of all warlike commendation hath to this day reſted. The whole diſcourſe in reſpect of the ende not unneceſſary, for the varietie & continuall ſhift of freſh matter very delightfull, in ſpeaches ſhort & ſweet, wiſe in ſentence, and wary in the proviſion of contrary accidents. For I take the grace thereoff to be rather in the reporters device then in the truth of this report,as I would that I could ſo well impart with thee delight which my selfe findeth in reading the Spanish: but ſeldome is the tale carried cleane from an others mouth. Such delivery as I have made I hope thou wilt friendly accept, that rather for that it is a womans woork, though in a ſtory prophane, and a matter more manlike then becōommeth my ſexe. But as for the manlineſſe of the matter, That a woman maye write of warre. thou knoweſt that it is not neceſſary for every trumpettour or drumſlare in the warre to be a good fighter. They take wage onely to incite others though themselves have privy maimes, and are thereby recureleſſe. So Gentle Reader if my travaile in Engliſhing this Authour, may bring thee to a liking of the vertues hærein commended, and by example therof in thy princes & countries quarrel to hazard thy perſon & purchaſe good name, as for hope of well deſerving my ſelfe that way, I neither bend my ſelfe therto nor yet feare the ſpeach of people if I be found backward. I truſt every man holds not the plow, which would the groūund A.iif. were vi A3v were tilled: & it is no ſinne to talke of Robinhood though you never ſhot in his bow: Or be it that the attempt were bolde to intermeddle in armes, ſo as the auncient Amazons did, and in this ſtory Claridiana doth, & in other ſtories not a fewe, yet to report of armes is not ſo odious but that it may be borne withal, not onely in you men which your ſelves are fighters, but in us women, to whom the benefit in equal part apperteineth of your victories, either for that the matter is ſo commendable that it carrieth no discredit from the homelineſſe of the ſpeaker, or for that it is ſo generally knowen that it fitteth every man to ſpeake thereoff, or for that it iumpeth with this common feare on all partes of warre and invaſion. The inventition, diſpoſitiōon, trimming, & what els in this ſtory, is wholy an other mans, my part none therein but the tranſlation, as it were onely in giving entertainment to a ſtranger, before this time unacquainted with our coūuntry guiſe. Mary the worſt perhappes is this, That a woman of your yeares maye write in this argu-ment. that amonge ſo many ſtraungers as dayly come over, ſome more auncient, and ſome but new ſet foorth, ſome penning matters of great weight and ſadneſſe in divinitie or other ſtudies, the profeſſion whereof more neerely beſeemeth my yeares, other ſome diſcourſing of matters more eaſy & ordinary in common talke, wherein a gentlewoman may honeſtly employ hir travaile. I have notwithſtanding made countenance onely to this gentleman, whōom neither his perſonage might ſufficiently commend it ſelfe unto my ſere, nor his behaviour (beeing light & ſouldierlike) might in good order acquaint it ſelfe with my years. So that the queſtion now ariſeth of my choice, not of my labour, wherfore I preferred this ſtory before matter of more importance. For anſwere whereto gentle Reader, the truth is, that as the firſt motion to this kinde of labour came not frōom my ſelfe, ſo was this peece of worke put upon me by others, & they which firſt counſailed me to fall to worke, tooke upon them alſo to be my taſkemaſters and overſeers leaſt I ſhould be idle, and yet bicauſe the refuſall was in my power, I muſt ſtand to anſwere for my eaſy yelding, & may not be unprovided of ex- vii A4r excuſe, wherin if I ſhould alledge for my ſelfe the matters of leſſe worthyneſſe by as aged years have bene taken in hand, & that dayly new deviſes are publiſhed, in ſongs, ſonets, enterludes, & other diſcourſes, and yet are borne out without reproch, only to pleaſe the humour of ſome men: I thinck I should make no good plea therem, for beſides that I ſhould finde therby ſo many known enimies as known men have ben authors of ſuch idle conceits, yet would my other adverſaries be never the rather quieted: For they would ſay that aſwel the one as the other were al naught, & though peradventure I might paſſe unknown amongſt a multitude, & not be the onely gaze or the od party in my il doing, yet bicauſe there is leſſe merit of pardon if the fault be excuſed as cōommon, I wil not make that my defence which cannot help mee, & doth hinder other men. But my defēence is by example of the beſt, amongſt which many have dedicated their labours, ſome ſtories, ſome of warre, ſome phiſick, ſome lawe, ſome as concerning goverment, ſome divine matters, unto divers ladies & gentlewomen. And if men may & do beſtow ſuch of their travailes upon gentlewomen, then may we womēen read ſuch of their works as they dedicate unto us, and if we may read them, why not farther wade in thēen to the serch of a truth. And then much more why not deale by translatiōon in ſuch argumēents, eſpecially this kinde of exerciſe being a matter of more heede then of deep invention or exquiſite learning, & they muſt needs leave this as confeſſed, that in their dedications they minde not only to borrow names of worthy perſonages, but the testimonies alſo for their further credit, which neither the one may demaund without ambition, nor the other graunt without overlightnes: if women be excluded from the view of ſuch workes as appeare in their name, or if glory onely be ſought in our common inſcriptious, it mattereth not whether the parties be men or women, whether alive or dead. But to retourn whatſomever the truth is, whether that women may not at al diſcourſe in learning, for men lay in their claim to be ſole poſſeſſioners of knowledge, or whether they may in ſome maner that is by limita A.iiif. tion or viii A4v tion or appointment in ſome kinde of learning, my perſwaſion hath bene thus, that it is all one for a woman to pen a ſtory, as for a man to addreſſe his ſtory to a woman. But amongſt al my il willers, ſome I hope are not ſo ſtraight that they would enforce me neceſſarily either not to write or to write of divinitie. That you maie not write of divinitie. Whereas neither durſt I truſt mine own judgement ſufficiently, if matter of controverſy were handled, nor yet could I finde any booke in the tongue which would not breed offence to ſome, That you meant to make a common benefit of your paines. but I perceive ſome may be rather angry to ſee their ſpaniſh delight tourned to an Engliſh paſtime, they could wel alow the ſtory in Spaniſh, but they may not afford it ſo chepe, or they would have it proper to themſelves. What Natures ſuch men be off, I liſt not greatly diſpute, but my meaning hath ben to make other parteners of my liking, as I doubt not gentle reader, but if it ſhal pleſe thee after ſerious matters to ſport they ſelf with this Spaniard, The uſe & profit of this Spanish tranſlation. thou ſhalt finde in him the juſt reward of mallice & cowardiſe, with the good ſpeed of honeſty & courage, beeing able to furnish thee with ſufficient ſtore of forren example to both purpoſes. And as in ſuch matters which have bene rather deviſed to beguile time, then to breede matter of ſad learning, he hath ever borne away the price which could ſeaſon ſuch delights with ſome profitable reading, ſo ſhalt thou have this ſtraunger an honeſt man when neede ſerveth, & at other times, either a good companiōon to drive out a wery night, or a merry teſt at thy boord. The concluſion. And thus much as concerning this preſent ſtory, that it is neither unſeemly for a woman to deale in, neither greatly requiring a leſſe ſtaied age then mine is. But of theſe two points gentle reader I thought to give thee warning, leaſt perhaps underſtanding of my name & yeares, thou mighteſt be carried into a wrong ſuſpect of my boldneſſe and raſhneſſe, frōom which I would gladly free my ſelfe by this plaine excuſe, & if I may deſerve thy good favour by lyke labour, when the choice is mine owne I will have a ſpeciall regard of thy liking.

So I wiſh thee well. Thine to uſe,

M.T.

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