Brideling, Sadling and Ryding, of
a rich Churle in Hampſhire, by the ſubtill practiſe of one
Judeth Philips, a profeſſed cunning woman, or
With a true diſcourſe of her unwomanly
uſing of a Trype wife, a widow,
lately dwelling on the back ſide of S. Nicholas ſhambles in London
, whom ſhe with her conferates, likewiſe coſoned:
For which fact, ſhee was at the Seſſions houſe without New-gate arraigned
where ſhe confeſſed the ſame, and had judgement for her offence,
to be whipped through the Citie, the 1594-02-1414. of February, 1594.
Printed at London by T. C. and are to be ſolde by
William Barley, at his ſhop in New-gate
Market, neare Chriſt-Church. 15951595.
A true diſcoverie of divers notable villanies practiſed by one Judeth Philips the wife of John Philips, of Crowne Alley in Biſhops gate ſtreete, the like was neuer in any age committed by a woman.
Of all the ſeven deadly ſinnes, there is none ſo common in this flouriſhing Realme of England, as is the greevous ſin of Covetouſneſſe, for it is the roote of all iniquitie, the puddle of perdition, and the alluring bayt of hell, and that minde which is once drowned in the depth of that ſin, is ſold to eternall damnation, unleſſe the mercy of God raiſe him up from that filthie and devouring gulphe: for there is no ſin committed under the cope of heaven, but one braunch of Covetouſneſſe is therein comprehended. As Uſury, what is it but the deſire of gold, and hurding up of wealth? What is Whoredome and Lecherie, but luſt and deſire of the fleſh? What is Drunkenneſſe but Covetouſneſſe of wine? And what is Pride, Envy, Fury, Theft, Murther, but the deſires of the wicked minde? yea every vice is cloaked under the winges of Covetouſneſſe. The theefe and robber both by ſea and land, ventureth the hazarding of his life for covetouſneſſe of wealth: yea all creatures which beare life, in ſome ſort covet after unlawfull things. Lucifer that once was an Angel of brightneſſe through his pride coveted to ſitte in the bright celeſtiall throne of God, for which he was caſt from heaven, and A2 made 4 A2v 4 made an Angell of darkeneſſe. Wee may reade how Jezabell for coveting poore Nabothes Vineyard, for the which, by the juſt judgements of God ſhee was devoured of filthy Dogges. Therefore the ſinne of Covetouſneſſe is ſo hainous before the face of heaven, that God in his tenth commaundement ſtrickly doeth charge us to forſake all unlawfull covetouſneſſe, by theſe wordes; Thou ſhalt not covet thy neighbors houſe, thou ſhalt not covet thy neighbors wife, nor his ſervaunt, nor his mayde, nor his oxe, nor his aſſe, nor anie thing that is his. Which precept, if men woulde adviſedly and carefully looke into, and with their true endevoures ſeeke to follow it, we ſhould not have in this our Realme of Englande, and eſpecially in this famous Cittie of London, ſo many badde and notorious members yearely cut off by the Queenes majeſties Lawes as wee continually have. Which ſpectacle, wee have once everie moneth to ſee and beholde, to the great heartes griefe of all her majeſties loving ſubjectes: but yet men are graceleſſe and wilfully minded, and will not be warned, nor take example by the downfal of others: ſome are ſo idlely brought up, that they can nor will endure no labour; and ſome are ſo haughtie and proud minded, that they ſcorne to bende their neckes to the yoake of others, and live honeſtly, in taking paines for their livings, but ſtudie and deviſe night and day how they may frawdulently and deceitfully better their eſtates by the ſweate of other mens browes, for now a dayes, theft, coſonage, robberies, and unlawfull practiſes are ſo common, that not onely men, but women and children, ſtrive with ſtudying and buſie braines, how to compaſſe and bring to paſſe many cunning ſleites and pollicies, to deceive the world. As by an example here following, is truly deſcribed by a woman, the mirror and mappe of all coſonage and deceit, whereat all modeſt women may bluſh, and everie true meaning man may ſmile at the folly of the worlde.
Pardon my penne, you modeſt Dames and grave Matrons,trons, 5 A3r 5 trons, it ſhall no way impaire your honourable Sere, but truly imblazen to the worlde, the couſoning deviſes of a ſhameleſſe woman, whoſe name and converſation hereafter followeth.
This is to let you underſtand, that in 1594-01the moneth of January laſt paſt, in the famous Cittie of London, one Judeth Philips the wife of John Philips, by occupation a Gun-maker, now dwelling in Crown Alley in Biſhops gate ſtreet, was brought before her Majeſties Juſtices of peace at the Seſſions houſe in olde Baily, and there was indited upon coſonage, where ſhee confeſſed the truth of all her practiſes, before the honourable Lords of the bench. But know gentle Reader, before I undertake to explaine the truth of all her practiſes done here in London, I will firſt in moſt ample manner, ſet foorth to the view of the worlde, a notable villany committed by this cunning and fine witted woman, in the village of Upsborne in Hampſhire, in diſtaunce ſeven myles or thereaboutes from Wincheſter.
This Judeth Philips before times having another huſband named Pope, being an honeſt poore man of a good converſation and well beloved amongſt his neighbours, but this his wife not contented with his poore eſtate of living, uppon a certaine time tooke an occaſion to goe away from him, and purpoſed to ſeeke ſome other courſe for maintenauce of her living, ſo travelling along the Weſt parts of Englande, it was her chaunce to remaine for a certaine ſpace in the pariſh of Upsbrne, a Towne ſcituate and being in Hampeſhire, and there practiſed many couſoning ſleites and deviſes to deceive the ſimpler ſort of people in the Countrey: Onely ſhee betooke her ſelfe to the profeſſion of a cunning woman, a Fortune teller, and thoſe which ſhee knew did abounde in wealth, ſhee daily ſought meanes to bring into a fooles paradice, and by one device or A3 other 6 A3v 6 other, cozen them of ſome ſtore of Crownes. Not far from this Towne, there was dwelling a wealthy churle, (whoſe name I here omit) that was ſomewhat fantaſticall and given to beleeve every tale he heard, which Churles wealth whetted ſo the deſire of this woman, that ſhe deviſed a ſubtill practiſe to have a ſhare out of his Cofers. Firſt to bring her purpoſe to effect, ſhe enquired ſecretly of his neighbors of what condition and converſation this myzer and his wife were of, and in what ſtate the manner of his living lay, likewiſe ſhe underſtood, that this Churle was in ſute of lawe about a péece of ground, with one ſir William Kingſman, a worſhipfull knight in Hamſhire, which being done, this Judeth Philips one evening very late went into the backe ſide of this mans houſe, where under a hollow holly tree ſhe buried an angell of gold, and ſixe pence in white mony, and then returned home to her lodging againe for ý night: But the next day after, ſhe walked by the Churles houſe, and it fortuned that his wife ſat at her doore to take the freſh aire, and ſo when this cunning witted woman ſawe her time, ſtood ſtill, and lookt very wiſhly upon her, which made the Churles wife to marvell much, that a ſtrange woman whom ſhe never ſaw before, ſhould looke upon her ſo ſtedfaſtly, which cauſed her to demaunde wherefore ſhe lookt ſo earneſtly in her face? O miſtreſſe ſaid this Judeth Philips, you are the fortunates woman I ſaw this many a day, for in your browes I ſee good fortune ſit, have you not (ſaid ſhe) a hollow holly tree ſtanding near unto your houſe, with certaine weedes growing about the roote? we have (anſwered the mizers wife) and what of that? O miſtreſſe ſaid this woman then, if I might ſpeake with your huſband, and if hee be like you in the face, you will come to be exceeding rich, for under that hollow tree there is great ſtore of treaſure hid, come in (then ſaid ſhe) and thou ſhalt ſee my huſband: but when this woman came into the place where her huſband was, ſhe likewiſe lookt him ſtrangely in the face, and told him that ſhe knew by certaine ſignes in his forehead, that 7 A4r 7 that he was in ſute of lawe with ſome great man of that country, and how he ſhould prevaile in his ſute. Alſo ſhe told him, if he would be at ſome charge, ſhe would bring him to great ſummes of gold and ſilver, that was hidden about his grounds, to whom the man being ſome what covetous ſaid; If I might firſt ſee ſomething of thy ſkill, I will be at any charge thou wilt, but firſt tell me what thou art, and from whence thou cammeſt? I am ſaid this Judeth, an Engliſh woman borne, but come now from the Pope, and knowe more of his mind then any woman in the world: to confirm her words for truth, ſhe tooke her oath upon the Bible how that ſhe came from the Pope: which was true, for her huſbands name as then was Pope, which being done, ſhe tooke him by the hand and led him to the roote of the hollow tree, where ſhe cauſed him to dig till he found ſome gold, which was the angell and the ſixe pence, which the night before ſhe cloſely hid, this brought the covetous Churle into ſuch a conceit, that he promiſed to give her whatſoever ſhe deſired, ſo that her promiſe might be performed: then ſhe demaunded of him for her paines, foureteene pounds, whereat he grumbled to loſe ſo great a gub at one time, yet at laſt the hope of the treaſure hidden under the tree made him to conſent, and ſo with ſpeede gave this woman fourteene poundes in ready gold and ſilver. Then ſaid this woman, now muſt I have the largeſt chamber in your houſe be hūung with the fineſt linnen you can get, ſo that nothing about your chamber but white linnen cloth be ſeen, then muſt you ſet five candelſticks in five ſeverall places in your Chamber, and under every candelſticke you muſt put an angel of gold, all which was done as ſhe required: and likewiſe ſaid ſhe, you muſt alſo get a ſaddle and a bridle with two new girths thereunto, all which the covetous churle performed in hope to attaine to great wealth: then this Judeth cauſed him and his wife to go into the yard, where ſhe ſet the ſaddle on his back, and theron girteth it faſt with two new girths, and alſo put a bridle upon his head, all which being done 8 A4v 8 done, ſhe gat uppon his backe in the ſaddle, and ſo rid him three times betwixt the chamber ; the holly tree, then ſaid this coſoning queane, you muſt lye three houres one by an other groveling on your bellies under this tree, ; ſtir not I charge you, untill I come backe againe, for I muſt go into the Chamber to meete the Queene of Fairies and welcome her to that holy and unſpotted place, ſo this churle and his wife were left quaking in the colde, caſting many a long looke for the comming of this woman, but ſhe in the meane time tooke downe all the fine linnen clothes from the wals of the chamber and wrapt them up cloſe in a bundle, and all the gold from under the candelſticks, and put them into her purſe, then putting her ſelfe into a faire white ſmock, ſomewhat diſguiſed, with a thing on her head all white, and a ſtick in her hand, ſhe appeared unto him and his wife, uſing ſome dalliance, as old wives ſay, ſpirits with night ſpelles do, ſhe vaniſhed away, and againe entered the chamber where her packe laie ready, and ſo roundly went away, leaving the churle and his wife in their cold lodging, but whēen the poore foole ſawe the time expired, and his exſpected woman did not return, he got him up and caſt off his ſaddle and bridle, being halfe-dead with colde, retired into the chamber where he ſuppoſed to have found this cunning woman talking with the Queene of Fairies, but when he entered his chamber, and ſaw both his linnen and his gold convaide away, fel into ſuch a perplexity of mind, as though he had bin diſtraight of his wits: one while greeving for the loſſe of his fouretéene pounds, another while, for the abuſe of his good name, likewiſe for the penance and diſgrace ſhe put him and his wife unto, the baſe and rediculous maner of his ſadling, his cold lodging and weary time ſpent under the tree, to his utter infamy and ſhame. And laſtly, the loſſe of his pure and fine linnen, but yet he diſſembled his griefe in ſuch order, that his neighbors had no ſuſpition therof, ſo in all haſte, hée tooke horſe, and road to Wincheſter, being in diſtance ſeaven miles from the towne where he dwelt, and there certifiedfied 9 B1r 9 fied a kinſman of his, of all the actions before happened: ſo betwixt this Churle and his kinſman, they make hew and cry after her, by which this deceitfull woman was taken, and conveyed to priſon, where ſhe remained until the great Aſſiſes came: and for the ſame was arraigned before the right honorable my Lord Anderſon, the Lord chief Juſtice of the Common place under her Majeſtie by his Office, before whom, ſhe confeſſed her ſelfe guiltie of all theſe aforeſaid practiſes, and there received ſuch deſerved puniſhment as the law would permit. But this ſhameleſſe woman, regarding neither her publike diſgrace, not the puniſhments of heaven inflicted upon all ſuch graceleſſe livers, putting off the garment of ſhamefaſtneſſe, and forgetting her ſelfe to have done any ſuch thing, drownde her ſelfe in the ſea of all vices, and the gulphe of all outragious miſchiefes: for ſhe after this, growing careleſſe of her good name, fell into company of two certaine bad minded men, of the ſame condition and quallitie ſhe was on, whoſe names I here omit: but the one of them was in his former time, by trade a ſilkweaver, but leaving that honeſt courſe of living, betooke himſelfe to a very wicked diſpoſition, as to build the ſtate of his living upon coſonage, and to blind the eies of the world, goes in the habit of a Lawier all in black, like a civill Gentleman. The other fine witted companion, in the attire of a Country Gentleman, I will not ſay, he dwels at Borden in Kent, nor his wife is the owner of a fewe Chery-trees, the onley ſtaie and maintenance of both their livings, but to be plaine, theſe two Caterpillers P. and V. like Wolves in ſhéepes cloathing, feedes upon the blouds of many innocent lambes, who knowing a woman, her huſband being dead, and ſhe left a rich widow, and in the way of marriage, wold never ceaſe pondering in their craftie brains, till they were throughly acquainted with her, and ſo by one ſly deviſe or other, overreach her for ſom part of hir ſubſtance, they made her beléeve, they could help her to a huſband of mightie revenewes and great wealth, where at laſt ſhe found them B but 10 B1v 10 but Caterpillers to live upon her labors. As for example, the notable piece of villany committed betwixt theſe two counterfeit gentlemen P. and V. and this coſoning woman Judeth Philips, of a Trype wife, lately dwelling on the back ſide of S. Nicholas ſhambles in London, as it was truly noted at the arraignment of the ſaid Judeth Philips, 1594-02-14the 14. of February laſt paſt, 1594. at the Seſſions houſe in the old Baily, before my Lord Anderſon, and others of her Majeſties Juſtices, and likewiſe word by word, as the ſaid Judith confeſt it her ſelfe in the priſon of Newgate, where ſhe now remaineth.
A diſcoverie of the Coſoning and ill handling of the Trype wife, by Judeth Philips and her confederates.
There was of late dwelling in London on the back ſide of the ſhambles, a very rich and wealthy man of good converſation, who dying, left his wife in ſuch good eſtate of living, as fewe of the trade of ſelling Trypes, might well compare with her. This woman as it was well knowne amongſt her neighbors had many ſutors in the way of marriage, and many of ſufficient livings, which womans name for her wealth, was bruted through every part of the citie, ſo that it came at laſt to the eares of theſe two coſoning companions, P. and V. who ſtudied day and night how they might come acquainted with this rich trype wife ſo that at laſt, this practiſe they deviſed.B2 This 12 B2v 12
This P. being a very comely man of perſonage, and of a Gentleman like qualitie, went as a ſuter among the reſt, unto this widow, wherby he learned the condition and qualitie of the woman, and what large proffers ſhe had in the way of marriage, likewiſe he underſtood how that a wealthy Cittizen dwelling upon London Bridge, had received from her in pledge of love, a Ring with five Diamonds in it, being in value worth five poundes, which Ring uppon ſome diſagreement, ſhe received againe: alſo this P. underſtood, that one maiſter Grace a gentleman, dwelling in Eſſex, was her deare friend, and one that was her councellor in all her actions, and how that ſhe would not do any thing without his conſent, and how that ſometimes he lodged in the widowes houſe, which things being well conſidered off betwixt theſe two fine witted fellowes, whoſe heads being never barraine, deviſed a preſent pollicie to deceive this covetous Trype wife. Firſt they made privy to their practiſes this Judeth Philips before named, ; told her the ſtate, condition, and qualitie of this widow, and made her the Inſtrument of their intended drift, who was as ſubtil in performance therof, as they were craftie in deviſing, then they made a counterfeit Letter from maiſter Grace, being as then in Eſſex, and ſent as it were from him to this widow of London, by this Judeth Philips, wherin was conteined, how that ſhe was a wiſe woman, and could tel fortunes, and requeſted her to welcome her to her houſe, and to make much of her, for ſhe might ſtand her in great ſtead, which Letter being in good maner contrived, as beſt befitting their purpoſes, cauſed this Judeth Philippes to be attired in a ruſſet gown like a country woman, and to bear this Letter home to the widowes houſe behind the ſhambles, where ſhe was no ſooner come, ; the Letter read, but was bid welcome for M Graces ſake, but eſpecially for the ſecret quallities the which her friend did commend her in: but now when this diſſembling minion eſpied her time, ſhe requeſted to ſee the widowes hand, which ſhe vouchſaft to do; O miſtreſſe (then ſaid 13 B3r 13 ſaid this woman) I ſee by the Art of Palmiſtrie in your hand, and by mine owne ſkill, that you are borne to good fortune, likewiſe I know you have had many rich proffers in the way of marriage: I have had ſaid the widow indeed, Knights fellowes come unto me. Then ſaid this deceitfull woman againe, a Citizen dwelling upon London Bridge, hath bin an earneſt ſuter unto you, and hath received a ring with five Diamonds in pledge of love, but the Ring you have againe. And ſo there was another Gentleman loved you well, which once would have kiſſed you, and uſed you harſhly, by that token in ſtriving with him, your hat fell into the Sowſe Tub. At which words, ſaid the Trype wife, I thinke you know all things. I know ſome what replied this woman again, have you not miſtreſſe about your houſe a great rumbling when you are in bed? Sometimes ſayd the widow we have: Ey that ſaid this woman again, your huſband in his life hid about your houſe great ſtore of treaſure, for which cauſe there are ſprites now that haunt your houſe: when indeed the noiſe which ſhe heard, was no other but this P. and V. that late in the nights would lomber againſt her doores and ſo likewiſe in the mornings. But miſtreſſe if you wil be at ſome charge, I wil ſhew you where this gold and ſilver is hid. I will good woman, be at any charge thou wilt with reaſon, ſo I may gaine therby. Theun ſayd this coſoning Dame, you muſt ſet five Candelſtickes, and five candels burning in them, in five corners of your houſe, then muſt you earneſtly pray in every corner a certaine ſpace, which was performed with all all ſpeed. Thus is Gods word made a cloake for all ſuch diviliſh practiſes, onely to blinde the eyes of the ſimple and well meaning people. But God ſurely in divers places of the ſcriptures ſaith; That whoſoever beleeveth in Witches and Sorcerers, beleeve in the Divel: but yet God doth ſuffer the Divel and his Angelles to ſpread abroad the worlde, to tempt thoſe that be weake in faith, and like Wolves in ſheepes cloathing, ſeeke to devour us.B3 But 14 B3v 14
But now to our purpoſe again: This craftie creature calling the Trype wife from her prayers, aſked her what ſhee ſaw, and what ſhe heard? to whom ſhe anſwered, that ſhee heard nothing. Then ſaid this minion againe, you muſt fetch as much Gold, Rings, Jewels, and Chaines, to the value of one hundreth poundes, and put them into a purſe, all which was done: then ſhee tooke the purſe with the gold and wound about it a bottome of woollen yarne, which being done, ſhe requeſted the widow to goe a while from hir, ſo in the meane ſpace, like a craftie queane ſhee conveyed the gold into her pocket, and tooke another bottom of yarne with two ſtones in it, in the ſame likeneſſe the other was off, and gave it the woman againe, as though it had bin the very ſame: to whom ſhe ſaid, I pray you miſtreſſe lock this up very ſure, and looke not into it untill I come againe, for I muſt goe and converſe with a wiſe man that is acquainted with the Queen of Fairies, but I requeſt you, that you will ſend him by me, a fat Turkey, and a couple of Capons, onely to get his friendſhip in the matter, and no doubt but we ſhall finde the hid treaſure very ſhortly: which woman, through covetouſneſſe of this money, went preſently and bought a Turky, ; two fat Capons, and ſent them with this coſoning cheater by her mayd ſervant, into Holbern, but being come neare unto the place whither ſhe intended to goe, tooke them from the mayd, ; ſo ſent her back againe. Thus this daintie witted Dame, having coſoned the trype wife, of all her gold, Jewels, ; Chaines, returned joyfully unto the lodgings of her two ſchoolemaiſters, P. and V who ſeeing her come, aſked her preſently if ſhe had ſped? I have anſwered ſhe, in ſom ſort for here is a hundred pound to make us merry with, the which they divided into foure parts: ſhe received two for her paines, and they betwixt them the other two, and afterwards made merry with the widowes Turkey, and her couple of Capons, and ſo went with fiftie poundes home to her huſband Johun Philips, dwelling in Crowne Alley in Biſhoppes gate ſtreete : who noting her long 15 B4r 15 long abſence, and divers ſtarts ſhe made from him, aſked where ſhe had bene, and how ſhe came by that money: to whom ſhee gave many hard words and bad anſweres, inſomuch that in his anger he ſtrooke hir, but yet by no means he could do, the craftie queane wold reveale where ſhe had it. But now to returne to the widowes mayd again, who comming out of Holborne home to her miſtreſſe, tolde her that ſhe ſuſpected the queane had coſoned her, with that ſhee went preſently and unwound the bottome of yarne, wherin ſhee founde nothing but two ſtones: the which being done, ſhee went to one of her neighbours and diſcourſt to him all the maner of her coſoning, but he lyke a wiſe man, counſelled her not to make hue and cry, but watch a time untill ſhe came againe, and then to apprehend her. Not many dayes after this, theſe three aforeſayd coſoning companions, met againe togither, and conſulted how they might get a another bootie of this trype wife, which was platted downe in this manner. Firſt this Judeth Philips ſhould repaire unto the widow againe, and tell her that ſhe came from the Quéene of Fairies, and how that ſhee gave her in charge (if ſhee woulde attaine the hidden treaſure) to ſet twelve Candelſtickes in diverſe places of her houſe, and under every Candelſticke both golde and ſilver, and to ſet all her plate rounde about the Candles, whereby this ſubtill headed woman might the eaſier deceive her of it: but comming to the widowes houſe againe, ſhee was bidden welcome as before, and requeſted to come in, but in the meane time, the Conſtable was ſent for, and ſhee apprehended and ſo carried to Newgate. Likewiſe for the ſame fact, her huſband was arraigned before the bench but found not guiltie, and ſo quit by the Jewrie: but the lawe finding her guiltie therin, was returned to Newgate, where ſhe did remaine till the Seſſions following for judgement: thēen that time being come, her judgement was, to be whipped through the citie. Thus have you heard ý notable practiſes committed by this woman and her aſſociates. And no doubt but there are mo ſuch wicked members in this land.God 16 B4v 16
God I beſéech thée roote them from this floriſhing Realme of England, and from this thrice renowmed Citie of London: that all her Majeſties true ſubiects, may liue deuoyd of ſuch ſuſpitious thoughts. And ſwéet countreymen of England, abhorre that idle and wicked kinde of life, and if Gods pleaſure be not to lende you honeſt maintenance at home, follow her Majeſties warres abroad, and fighte the honor of Englands red Croſſe, then do you ſhew your flawed-reproduction1 word unto God, love unto your Countrey, and ſervice unto your Quéene: For whoſe long and quiet raign, let all true ſubjects daily pray.