Brideling, Sadling and Ryding, of
a rich Churle in Hampshire, by the subtill practise of one
Judeth Philips, a professed cunning woman, or
Fortune teller.

With a true discourse of her unwomanly using of a Trype wife, a widow,
lately dwelling on the back side of S. Nicholas shambles in London
, whom she with her conferates, likewise cosoned:

For which fact, shee was at the Sessions house without New-gate arraigned
where she confessed the same, and had judgement for her offence,
to be whipped through the Citie, the 1594-02-1414. of February, 1594.

Middle-aged woman (facing front) riding a prostrate, bridled old man (facing right, hat on ground). She holds reins in left hand, and a purse[?] in outstretched right.

Printed at London by T. C. and are to be solde by
William Barley, at his shop in New-gate
, neare Christ-Church. 15951595.

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A true discoverie of divers notable villanies practised by one Judeth Philips the wife of John Philips, of Crowne Alley in Bishops gate streete, the like was neuer in any age committed by a woman.

Of all the seven deadly sinnes, there is none so common in this flourishing Realme of England, as is the greevous sin of Covetousnesse, for it is the roote of all iniquitie, the puddle of perdition, and the alluring bayt of hell, and that minde which is once drowned in the depth of that sin, is sold to eternall damnation, unlesse the mercy of God raise him up from that filthie and devouring gulphe: for there is no sin committed under the cope of heaven, but one braunch of Covetousnesse is therein comprehended. As Usury, what is it but the desire of gold, and hurding up of wealth? What is Whoredome and Lecherie, but lust and desire of the flesh? What is Drunkennesse but Covetousnesse of wine? And what is Pride, Envy, Fury, Theft, Murther, but the desires of the wicked minde? yea every vice is cloaked under the winges of Covetousnesse. The theefe and robber both by sea and land, ventureth the hazarding of his life for covetousnesse of wealth: yea all creatures which beare life, in some sort covet after unlawfull things. Lucifer that once was an Angel of brightnesse through his pride coveted to sitte in the bright celestiall throne of God, for which he was cast from heaven, and A2 made A2v 4 made an Angell of darkenesse. Wee may reade how Jezabell for coveting poore Nabothes Vineyard, for the which, by the just judgements of God shee was devoured of filthy Dogges. Therefore the sinne of Covetousnesse is so hainous before the face of heaven, that God in his tenth commaundement strickly doeth charge us to forsake all unlawfull covetousnesse, by these wordes; Thou shalt not covet thy neighbors house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbors wife, nor his servaunt, nor his mayde, nor his oxe, nor his asse, nor anie thing that is his. Which precept, if men woulde advisedly and carefully looke into, and with their true endevoures seeke to follow it, we should not have in this our Realme of Englande, and especially in this famous Cittie of London, so many badde and notorious members yearely cut off by the Queenes majesties Lawes as wee continually have. Which spectacle, wee have once everie moneth to see and beholde, to the great heartes griefe of all her majesties loving subjectes: but yet men are gracelesse and wilfully minded, and will not be warned, nor take example by the downfal of others: some are so idlely brought up, that they can nor will endure no labour; and some are so haughtie and proud minded, that they scorne to bende their neckes to the yoake of others, and live honestly, in taking paines for their livings, but studie and devise night and day how they may frawdulently and deceitfully better their estates by the sweate of other mens browes, for now a dayes, theft, cosonage, robberies, and unlawfull practises are so common, that not onely men, but women and children, strive with studying and busie braines, how to compasse and bring to passe many cunning sleites and pollicies, to deceive the world. As by an example here following, is truly described by a woman, the mirror and mappe of all cosonage and deceit, whereat all modest women may blush, and everie true meaning man may smile at the folly of the worlde.

Pardon my penne, you modest Dames and grave Matrons,trons, A3r 5 trons, it shall no way impaire your honourable Sere, but truly imblazen to the worlde, the cousoning devises of a shamelesse woman, whose name and conversation hereafter followeth.

This is to let you understand, that in 1594-01the moneth of January last past, in the famous Cittie of London, one Judeth Philips the wife of John Philips, by occupation a Gun-maker, now dwelling in Crown Alley in Bishops gate street, was brought before her Majesties Justices of peace at the Sessions house in olde Baily, and there was indited upon cosonage, where shee confessed the truth of all her practises, before the honourable Lords of the bench. But know gentle Reader, before I undertake to explaine the truth of all her practises done here in London, I will first in most ample manner, set foorth to the view of the worlde, a notable villany committed by this cunning and fine witted woman, in the village of Upsborne in Hampshire, in distaunce seven myles or thereaboutes from Winchester.

This Judeth Philips before times having another husband named Pope, being an honest poore man of a good conversation and well beloved amongst his neighbours, but this his wife not contented with his poore estate of living, uppon a certaine time tooke an occasion to goe away from him, and purposed to seeke some other course for maintenauce of her living, so travelling along the West parts of Englande, it was her chaunce to remaine for a certaine space in the parish of Upsbrne, a Towne scituate and being in Hampeshire, and there practised many cousoning sleites and devises to deceive the simpler sort of people in the Countrey: Onely shee betooke her selfe to the profession of a cunning woman, a Fortune teller, and those which shee knew did abounde in wealth, shee daily sought meanes to bring into a fooles paradice, and by one device or A3 other A3v 6 other, cozen them of some store of Crownes. Not far from this Towne, there was dwelling a wealthy churle, (whose name I here omit) that was somewhat fantasticall and given to beleeve every tale he heard, which Churles wealth whetted so the desire of this woman, that she devised a subtill practise to have a share out of his Cofers. First to bring her purpose to effect, she enquired secretly of his neighbors of what condition and conversation this myzer and his wife were of, and in what state the manner of his living lay, likewise she understood, that this Churle was in sute of lawe about a péece of ground, with one sir William Kingsman, a worshipfull knight in Hamshire, which being done, this Judeth Philips one evening very late went into the backe side of this mans house, where under a hollow holly tree she buried an angell of gold, and sixe pence in white mony, and then returned home to her lodging againe for ý night: But the next day after, she walked by the Churles house, and it fortuned that his wife sat at her doore to take the fresh aire, and so when this cunning witted woman sawe her time, stood still, and lookt very wishly upon her, which made the Churles wife to marvell much, that a strange woman whom she never saw before, should looke upon her so stedfastly, which caused her to demaunde wherefore she lookt so earnestly in her face? O mistresse said this Judeth Philips, you are the fortunates woman I saw this many a day, for in your browes I see good fortune sit, have you not (said she) a hollow holly tree standing near unto your house, with certaine weedes growing about the roote? we have (answered the mizers wife) and what of that? O mistresse said this woman then, if I might speake with your husband, and if hee be like you in the face, you will come to be exceeding rich, for under that hollow tree there is great store of treasure hid, come in (then said she) and thou shalt see my husband: but when this woman came into the place where her husband was, she likewise lookt him strangely in the face, and told him that she knew by certaine signes in his forehead, that A4r 7 that he was in sute of lawe with some great man of that country, and how he should prevaile in his sute. Also she told him, if he would be at some charge, she would bring him to great summes of gold and silver, that was hidden about his grounds, to whom the man being some what covetous said; If I might first see something of thy skill, I will be at any charge thou wilt, but first tell me what thou art, and from whence thou cammest? I am said this Judeth, an English woman borne, but come now from the Pope, and knowe more of his mind then any woman in the world: to confirm her words for truth, she tooke her oath upon the Bible how that she came from the Pope: which was true, for her husbands name as then was Pope, which being done, she tooke him by the hand and led him to the roote of the hollow tree, where she caused him to dig till he found some gold, which was the angell and the sixe pence, which the night before she closely hid, this brought the covetous Churle into such a conceit, that he promised to give her whatsoever she desired, so that her promise might be performed: then she demaunded of him for her paines, foureteene pounds, whereat he grumbled to lose so great a gub at one time, yet at last the hope of the treasure hidden under the tree made him to consent, and so with speede gave this woman fourteene poundes in ready gold and silver. Then said this woman, now must I have the largest chamber in your house be hūung with the finest linnen you can get, so that nothing about your chamber but white linnen cloth be seen, then must you set five candelsticks in five severall places in your Chamber, and under every candelsticke you must put an angel of gold, all which was done as she required: and likewise said she, you must also get a saddle and a bridle with two new girths thereunto, all which the covetous churle performed in hope to attaine to great wealth: then this Judeth caused him and his wife to go into the yard, where she set the saddle on his back, and theron girteth it fast with two new girths, and also put a bridle upon his head, all which being done A4v 8 done, she gat uppon his backe in the saddle, and so rid him three times betwixt the chamber & the holly tree, then said this cosoning queane, you must lye three houres one by an other groveling on your bellies under this tree, & stir not I charge you, untill I come backe againe, for I must go into the Chamber to meete the Queene of Fairies and welcome her to that holy and unspotted place, so this churle and his wife were left quaking in the colde, casting many a long looke for the comming of this woman, but she in the meane time tooke downe all the fine linnen clothes from the wals of the chamber and wrapt them up close in a bundle, and all the gold from under the candelsticks, and put them into her purse, then putting her selfe into a faire white smock, somewhat disguised, with a thing on her head all white, and a stick in her hand, she appeared unto him and his wife, using some dalliance, as old wives say, spirits with night spelles do, she vanished away, and againe entered the chamber where her packe laie ready, and so roundly went away, leaving the churle and his wife in their cold lodging, but whēen the poore foole sawe the time expired, and his exspected woman did not return, he got him up and cast off his saddle and bridle, being halfe-dead with colde, retired into the chamber where he supposed to have found this cunning woman talking with the Queene of Fairies, but when he entered his chamber, and saw both his linnen and his gold convaide away, fel into such a perplexity of mind, as though he had bin distraight of his wits: one while greeving for the losse of his fouretéene pounds, another while, for the abuse of his good name, likewise for the penance and disgrace she put him and his wife unto, the base and rediculous maner of his sadling, his cold lodging and weary time spent under the tree, to his utter infamy and shame. And lastly, the losse of his pure and fine linnen, but yet he dissembled his griefe in such order, that his neighbors had no suspition therof, so in all haste, hée tooke horse, and road to Winchester, being in distance seaven miles from the towne where he dwelt, and there certifiedfied B1r 9 fied a kinsman of his, of all the actions before happened: so betwixt this Churle and his kinsman, they make hew and cry after her, by which this deceitfull woman was taken, and conveyed to prison, where she remained until the great Assises came: and for the same was arraigned before the right honorable my Lord Anderson, the Lord chief Justice of the Common place under her Majestie by his Office, before whom, she confessed her selfe guiltie of all these aforesaid practises, and there received such deserved punishment as the law would permit. But this shamelesse woman, regarding neither her publike disgrace, not the punishments of heaven inflicted upon all such gracelesse livers, putting off the garment of shamefastnesse, and forgetting her selfe to have done any such thing, drownde her selfe in the sea of all vices, and the gulphe of all outragious mischiefes: for she after this, growing carelesse of her good name, fell into company of two certaine bad minded men, of the same condition and quallitie she was on, whose names I here omit: but the one of them was in his former time, by trade a silkwea ver, but leaving that honest course of living, betooke himselfe to a very wicked disposition, as to build the state of his living upon cosonage, and to blind the eies of the world, goes in the habit of a Lawier all in black, like a civill Gentleman. The other fine witted companion, in the attire of a Country Gentleman, I will not say, he dwels at Borden in Kent, nor his wife is the owner of a fewe Chery-trees, the onley staie and maintenance of both their livings, but to be plaine, these two Caterpillers P. and V. like Wolves in shéepes cloathing, feedes upon the blouds of many innocent lambes, who knowing a woman, her husband being dead, and she left a rich widow, and in the way of marriage, wold never cease pondering in their craftie brains, till they were throughly acquainted with her, and so by one sly devise or other, overreach her for som part of hir substance, they made her beléeve, they could help her to a husband of mightie revenewes and great wealth, where at last she found them B but B1v 10 but Caterpillers to live upon her labors. As for example, the notable piece of villany committed betwixt these two counterfeit gentlemen P. and V. and this cosoning woman Judeth Philips, of a Trype wife, lately dwelling on the back side of S. Nicholas shambles in London, as it was truly noted at the arraignment of the said Judeth Philips, 1594-02-14the 14. of February last past, 1594. at the Sessions house in the old Baily, before my Lord Anderson, and others of her Majesties Justices, and likewise word by word, as the said Judith confest it her selfe in the prison of Newgate, where she now remaineth.

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A discoverie of the Cosoning and ill handling of the Trype wife, by Judeth Philips and her confederates.

Middle-aged woman in large hat points her right finger at floor to younger woman on left holding a large scissor-like utensil in her right hand.

There was of late dwelling in London on the back side of the shambles, a very rich and wealthy man of good conversation, who dying, left his wife in such good estate of living, as fewe of the trade of selling Trypes, might well compare with her. This woman as it was well knowne amongst her neighbors had many sutors in the way of marriage, and many of sufficient livings, which womans name for her wealth, was bruted through every part of the citie, so that it came at last to the eares of these two cosoning companions, P. and V. who studied day and night how they might come acquainted with this rich trype wife so that at last, this practise they devised.

B2 This B2v 12

This P. being a very comely man of personage, and of a Gentleman like qualitie, went as a suter among the rest, unto this widow, wherby he learned the condition and qualitie of the woman, and what large proffers she had in the way of marriage, likewise he understood how that a wealthy Cittizen dwelling upon London Bridge, had received from her in pledge of love, a Ring with five Diamonds in it, being in value worth five poundes, which Ring uppon some disagreement, she received againe: also this P. understood, that one maister Grace a gentleman, dwelling in Essex, was her deare friend, and one that was her councellor in all her actions, and how that she would not do any thing without his consent, and how that sometimes he lodged in the widowes house, which things being well considered off betwixt these two fine witted fellowes, whose heads being never barraine, devised a present pollicie to deceive this covetous Trype wife. First they made privy to their practises this Judeth Philips before named, & told her the state, condition, and qualitie of this widow, and made her the Instrument of their intended drift, who was as subtil in performance therof, as they were craftie in devising, then they made a counterfeit Letter from maister Grace, being as then in Essex, and sent as it were from him to this widow of London, by this Judeth Philips, wherin was conteined, how that she was a wise woman, and could tel fortunes, and requested her to welcome her to her house, and to make much of her, for she might stand her in great stead, which Letter being in good maner contrived, as best befitting their purposes, caused this Judeth Philippes to be attired in a russet gown like a country woman, and to bear this Letter home to the widowes house behind the shambles, where she was no sooner come, & the Letter read, but was bid welcome for M Graces sake, but especially for the secret quallities the which her friend did commend her in: but now when this dissembling minion espied her time, she requested to see the widowes hand, which she vouchsaft to do; O mistresse (then said B3r 13 said this woman) I see by the Art of Palmistrie in your hand, and by mine owne skill, that you are borne to good fortune, likewise I know you have had many rich proffers in the way of marriage: I have had said the widow indeed, Knights fellowes come unto me. Then said this deceitfull woman againe, a Citizen dwelling upon London Bridge, hath bin an earnest suter unto you, and hath received a ring with five Diamonds in pledge of love, but the Ring you have againe. And so there was another Gentleman loved you well, which once would have kissed you, and used you harshly, by that token in striving with him, your hat fell into the Sowse Tub. At which words, said the Trype wife, I thinke you know all things. I know some what replied this woman again, have you not mistresse about your house a great rumbling when you are in bed? Sometimes sayd the widow we have: Ey that said this woman again, your husband in his life hid about your house great store of treasure, for which cause there are sprites now that haunt your house: when indeed the noise which she heard, was no other but this P. and V. that late in the nights would lomber against her doores and so likewise in the mornings. But mistresse if you wil be at some charge, I wil shew you where this gold and silver is hid. I will good woman, be at any charge thou wilt with reason, so I may gaine therby. Theun sayd this cosoning Dame, you must set five Candelstickes, and five candels burning in them, in five corners of your house, then must you earnestly pray in every corner a certaine space, which was performed with all all speed. Thus is Gods word made a cloake for all such divilish practises, onely to blinde the eyes of the simple and well meaning people. But God surely in divers places of the scriptures saith; That whosoever beleeveth in Witches and Sorcerers, beleeve in the Divel: but yet God doth suffer the Divel and his Angelles to spread abroad the worlde, to tempt those that be weake in faith, and like Wolves in sheepes cloathing, seeke to devour us.

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But now to our purpose again: This craftie creature calling the Trype wife from her prayers, asked her what shee saw, and what she heard? to whom she answered, that shee heard nothing. Then said this minion againe, you must fetch as much Gold, Rings, Jewels, and Chaines, to the value of one hundreth poundes, and put them into a purse, all which was done: then shee tooke the purse with the gold and wound about it a bottome of woollen yarne, which being done, she requested the widow to goe a while from hir, so in the meane space, like a craftie queane shee conveyed the gold into her pocket, and tooke another bottom of yarne with two stones in it, in the same likenesse the other was off, and gave it the woman againe, as though it had bin the very same: to whom she said, I pray you mistresse lock this up very sure, and looke not into it untill I come againe, for I must goe and converse with a wise man that is acquainted with the Queen of Fairies, but I request you, that you will send him by me, a fat Turkey, and a couple of Capons, onely to get his friendship in the matter, and no doubt but we shall finde the hid treasure very shortly: which woman, through covetousnesse of this money, went presently and bought a Turky, & two fat Capons, and sent them with this cosoning cheater by her mayd servant, into Holbern, but being come neare unto the place whither she intended to goe, tooke them from the mayd, & so sent her back againe. Thus this daintie witted Dame, having cosoned the trype wife, of all her gold, Jewels, & Chaines, returned joyfully unto the lodgings of her two schoolemaisters, P. and V who seeing her come, asked her presently if she had sped? I have answered she, in som sort for here is a hundred pound to make us merry with, the which they divided into foure parts: she received two for her paines, and they betwixt them the other two, and afterwards made merry with the widowes Turkey, and her couple of Capons, and so went with fiftie poundes home to her husband Johun Philips, dwelling in Crowne Alley in Bishoppes gate streete : who noting her long B4r 15 long absence, and divers starts she made from him, asked where she had bene, and how she came by that money: to whom shee gave many hard words and bad answeres, insomuch that in his anger he strooke hir, but yet by no means he could do, the craftie queane wold reveale where she had it. But now to returne to the widowes mayd again, who comming out of Holborne home to her mistresse, tolde her that she suspected the queane had cosoned her, with that shee went presently and unwound the bottome of yarne, wherin shee founde nothing but two stones: the which being done, shee went to one of her neighbours and discourst to him all the maner of her cosoning, but he lyke a wise man, counselled her not to make hue and cry, but watch a time untill she came againe, and then to apprehend her. Not many dayes after this, these three aforesayd cosoning companions, met againe togither, and consulted how they might get a another bootie of this trype wife, which was platted downe in this manner. First this Judeth Philips should repaire unto the widow againe, and tell her that she came from the Quéene of Fairies, and how that shee gave her in charge (if shee woulde attaine the hidden treasure) to set twelve Candelstickes in diverse places of her house, and under every Candelsticke both golde and silver, and to set all her plate rounde about the Candles, whereby this subtill headed woman might the easier deceive her of it: but comming to the widowes house againe, shee was bidden welcome as before, and requested to come in, but in the meane time, the Constable was sent for, and shee apprehended and so carried to Newgate. Likewise for the same fact, her husband was arraigned before the bench but found not guiltie, and so quit by the Jewrie: but the lawe finding her guiltie therin, was returned to Newgate, where she did remaine till the Sessions following for judgement: thēen that time being come, her judgement was, to be whipped through the citie. Thus have you heard ý notable practises committed by this woman and her associates. And no doubt but there are mo such wicked members in this land.

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God I beséech thée roote them from this florishing Realme of England, and from this thrice renowmed Citie of London: that all her Majesties true subjects, may live devoyd of such suspitious thoughts. And swéet countreymen of England, abhorre that idle and wicked kinde of life, and if Gods pleasure be not to lende you honest maintenance at home, follow her Majesties warres abroad, and fighte the honor of Englands red Crosse, then do you shew your flawed-reproduction1 word unto God, love unto your Countrey, and service unto your Quéene: For whose long and quiet raign, let all true subjects daily pray.