discoverie of the
Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip
, daughters of Joan Flower neere Bever
: Executed at Lincolne, 1618-03-11March 11. 1618.

Who were specially arraigned and condemned before Sir
Henry Hobart
, and Sir Edward Bromley, Judges of Assise,
for confessing themselves actors in the destruction
of Henry Lord Rosse, with their damnable practises against
others the Children of Right Honourable
Francis Earle of Rutland.

Together with the severall Examinations and Confessions of Anne
, Joan Willimot, and Ellen Greene, Witches in Leicestershire.

Three women, holding canes and dressed as witches, surrounded by a variety of small animals (a cat, rat, dog and owl).

Printed at London by G. Eld for I. Barnes, dwelling in the long Walke
neere Christ-Church.16191619 .


The Wonderfull
Discoverie of the
Witch-craftes of Margraaret and Phillip
, Daughters of Joan Flower,
by Beaver Castle, and executed
at Lincolne the
1618-03-1111. of March.

My meaning is not to make
any contentious Arguments
about the discourses,
distinction or definition
of Witchcraft,
the power of Divells,
the nature of Spirits, the
force of Charmes, the secrets of Incantation,
and such like; because the Scriptures are full
of prohibitions to this purpose, and proclaimes
death to the presumptuous attemptersBtersB1v
of the same: Besides both Princes (yea
our owne learned and most judicious King)
Philosophers, Poets, Chronologers, Historiographers,
and many worthy Writers,
have concurred and concluded in this; that
divers impious and facinorous mischiefes
have beene effectuated through the instruments
of the Divell, by permission of God,
so that the actors of the same have carried
away the opinion of the world, to doe that
which they did by Witchcraft, or at least to
be esteemed Witches, for bringing such and
such things to passe: For howsoever the
learned have charactred delinquents in this
kinde by titles of sundry sortes, and most
significant attributes; as Pythonissæ dealing
with artificiall Charmes; Magi anciently reputed
so, for extraordinary wisedome and
knowledge in the secrets of simples and
hearbes; Chaldei, famous for Astronomy and
Astrology; Necromancers for practising to
raise dead bodies, and by them to foretell events
of the earth; Geomantici, for conversing
with Spirits, and using Inchantations;Geneth-B2r
Genethliaci, for presuming on the calculating
of Nativities, or if you will, assuming the
credit of Figure-casting; Ventriloqui, for
speaking with hollow voyces as if they were
possessed with Divells; Venesici, for dealing
with Poyson, and either killing or curing
that way: For you must understand however
the Professors aforesaid practise murther
and mischiefe, yet many times they Pretend
cures and preservation; with many others,
carrying the shew of great learning
and admired knowledge; yet have they all
but one familier tearme with us in English
called Witches. As for the conceit of wisemen
or wise woemen, they are all meerely
coseners and deceivers; so that if they make
you beleeve that by their meanes you shall
heare of things lost or stolne, it is either done
by Confederacy, or put off by protraction
to deceive you of your money.

Only (as I said before) there bee certaine
men and women growne in yeares, and
over-growne with Melancholly and Atheisme,
who out of a malicious dispositionB2onB2v
against their betters, or others thriving
by them; but most times from a heart-burning
desire of revenge, having entertained
some impression of displeassure, and unkindnesse,
study nothing but mischiefe and exoticke
practises of loathsome Artes and Sciences:
yet I must needes say, that sometimes
the fained reputation of wisedome, cunning,
and to be reputed a dangerous and skilfull
person, hath so prevailed with divers, that
they have taken upon them indeed to know
more then God ever afforded any creature,
& to performe no lesse then the Creator both
of Heaven & earth; making you beleeve with
Medea, that they can raise tempests, turne
the Sunne into Blood, pull the Moone out of
her Spheare, and saile over the Sea in a cockle
shell, according to the Poet. Flectere si nequeam Superos, Acheronta monebo.If Art doe faile to move the Godsconsent unto my minde:I will the Divells raise, to doewhat they can in their kinde.

But B3r

But howsoever speciall persons are transported
with an opinion of their owne worth,
and prevailing in this kind, yet by lamentable
experience we know too well, what monstrous
effects have bene produced, even to the
horror of the hearers, and damnation of
their owne soules by such kinde of people:
For as it is in the tale of the envious man,
that put but one of his eyes to have his
companion loose both; so fareth it with
them and worse, to give away their soules to
bee revenged of their adversaries bodies,
wherein the monstrous subtilty of the Divell
is so apparant, that it is wonderfull
one way to relate, and lamentable another
way to observe the same. For no sooner
shall such motives poyson the inward conceite
or apprehension of such damnable
Caitiffes: But then steppeth forth the Divell,
and not onely sheweth them the way,
but prescribeth the manner of effecting the
same, with facility and easinesse, assuring
that hee himselfe will attend them in
some familiar shape of Rat, Cat, Toad, B3 Birde B3v
Bird, Cricket, &c: yea effectuate whatsoever
they shall demaund or desire, and for their
better assurance and corroboration of their
credulity, they shall have palpable and forcible
touches of sucking, pinching, kissing, closing,
colling and such like: whereupon, without
any feare of God or Man, knowledge of
Christ, hope of redemption, confidence of
mercy, or true beleefe that there is any other
thing to bee looked after but this present
World; according to that Athiesticall position
of Epicurus. Ede, bibe, lude, post mortem nulla voluptas.Eat, drink, sport, play and take thy pleasures rest:For after death, who knowes what shall be best.

They admit of those execrable conditions
of commutation of soules for the entertaining
of the spirits, and so fall to their abhominable
practises, continuing in the same till
God laugh them to scorne, and will by no
meanes suffer them to abuse his holy name
nor deceive others by their prophane lives anyB4r
any longer: Witnesse for the generall those
infinite Treatises of many of them convinced
by Law, and condemned to death, to the
fearefull example of all carnall and hypocriticall
Christians: but more especially you
may over-looke (if you please) that learned
Discourse of Dæmonologie, composed in
forme of a Dialogue, by the High and
mighty Prince, James by the grace of
God, King of England, Scotland, France and
Ireland, &c. and printed (as I take it) according
to the coppy of Edenburgh, 16031603. As
also a Treatise of Witch-craft made by that
learned Mr. Alexander Roberts Preacher at
Kings-Line in Norfolke, 16151615. upon the
discovery of the Witch-crafts of Mary Smith,
wife of Henry Smith Glover, with her vocall
contract betweene the Divell and her selfe,
in sollemne tearmes, and such like imposturing
filthinesse: with many hurts and mischiefes
which thereby she procured: As also
a certaine discovery 16111611. made by John
Doctor of Phisicke in Northampton
of Empericks, woemen about sicke persons: Quack- B4v
Quacksalvers, and fugitives, which seeme to
worke juggling wonders, Surgeons, Apothecaries,
practisers by spells, the true discovery
of Witch-craft, especially in the sicke with
many instances in that kind, Wisards, and
servants, of Phisitions, who may bee called
ministring helpers: To this hee hath added
the Methodian learned deceiver, or hereticke
Phisition, Astrologers, Ephemerides-maisters,
Conjecters by urine, Travellers, and last of
all, the true Artist his right description and
election. As also a Dialogue concerning
Witches and Witchctraft, composed by
George Gifford, Minister of Gods word in
Maldon, 16031603. Wherein the cunning of
the Divell is discovered, both concerning
the deceiving of witches, and seducing of others
into many great errors: As also an ancient
discourse of the fearefull practises of
foure notorious French Witches, with the
manner of their strange execution. As also
the severall and damnable practisees of Mother
Sutton of Milton Miles in the County of
Bedford, and Mary Sutton her Daughter,whoC1r
who were arraigned, condemned, and executed
for the same: As also 16121612. the wonderfull
discovery of Witches in Lancashire, being
19. in number, notorious for many infamed
actions, and convicted before Sr. James
, and S. Edward Bromley, Barons of
the Exchequer, together with the arraignment
and triall of Jennet Preston, at Yorke,
with her fearefull execution for the murthering
of Mr. Lisker by Witch-craft; with infinite
other relations concerning the generall
conviction of Witches, and their practises,
and condemnation of the particular opinion
of some men, who suppose there bee none at
all, or at least that they doe not personally or
truely effect such things as are imputed unto
them, and which out of some dangerous impression
of melancholly, vaineglory, or
some other diseased operation, they assume
to themselves by reason of a former contract
with the Divell. And so much for the certainty
of Story, and fearefulnesse of the truth concerning
the damnable practises of Witches
and cunning of the Divell to deceive them.

C But C1v

But yet because the mind of man may be
carried away with many idle conjectures, either
that woemen confessed these things by
extreamity of torture, or that ancient examples
are by this time forgotten (although the
particulars are upon record, for the benefit of
all posteritie:) Or that they were besides
themselves, or subject to some weake devise
or other, rather to bring in question the integrity
of Justice; then to make odious the
lives of such horrible offendors. I have presumed
to present on the Stage of verity for
the good of my Country & the love of truth,
the late wofull Tragedy of the destruction of
the Right Honourable the Earle of Rutlands
Children, who to his eternall praise proceeded
yet both religiously and charitably against
the offenders, leaving their prosecution
to the law and submitting himselfe, and
deplorable case to the providence of God,
who afflicteth his best servants with punishments,
and many times, sendeth extraordinary
vengeance as well on the innocent,
as the bad deserver, to manifest his glory:There-C2r
Therefore by way of Caution I advise thee
(gentle Reader) whosoever thou art, to
take heede how thou doest either despise the
power of God in his Creatures, or vilipend
the subtilty and fury of the Divell, as Gods
instrument of vengeance, considering that
truth in despight of gaine sayers will prevaile,
according to that principle: Magna est
veritas & prevalebit.

The Story followes.

After the Right Honourable Sr. Francis
succeeded his Brother in the
Earledome of Rutland: and so not onely
tooke possession of Beaver Castle, but of all
other his demeanes, Lordships, Townes,
Mannors, Lands, and Revennues appropriate
to the same Earledome: hee proceeded
so honourably in the course of his life,
as neither displacing Tenants, discharging
servants, denying the accesse of the
poore, welcoming of strangers, and performing
all the duties of a noble Lord, thatC2heeC2v
hee fastened as it were unto himselfe the love
and good opinion of the Countrey wherein
he walked the more cheerefully and remarkable,
because his honourable Countesse marched
arme in arme with him in the same
race; so that Beaver Castle was a continuall
Pallace of entertainment, and a daily receptacle
for all sorts both rich and poore, especially
such auncient people as neighboured the
same; amongst whom one Joane Flower, with
her Daughters Margaret and Phillip were not
onely relieved at the first from thence, but
quickly entertained as Chair-women, and
Margaret admitted as a continuall dweller in
the Castle, looking both to the poultrey abroad
and the wash-house within dores: In
which life they continued with equall correspondency,
till something was discovered
to the noble Lady, which concerned the
misdemeanour of these women. And although
such honourable persons shall not
want of all sorts of people, either to bring the
newes, tales, reports, or to serve their turne
in all offices whatsoever; so that it may wellbeC3r
bee said of them, as it is of great Kings and
Princes, that they have large hands, wide
eares, and piercing sights to discover the unswept
corners of their remotest confines, to
reach even to their furthest borders, and to
understand the secrets of their meanest subjects:
yet in this matter, neither were they
busie-bodies, flatterers, malicious politians,
underminers, nor supplanters one of
anothers good fortune; but went simply to
worke, as regarding the honor of the Earle
and his Lady, and so by degrees gave light to
their understanding to apprehend their complaints.
First, that Joane Flower the Mother
was a monstrous malicious woman, full of
oathes, curses, and imprecations irreligious,
and for any thing they saw by her, a plaine
Atheist; besides of late dayes her very countenance
was estranged, her eyes were fiery
and hollow, her speech fell and envious, her
demeanour strange and exoticke, and her
conversation sequestred; so that the whole
course of her life gave great suspition that she
was a notorious Witch, yea some of herC3neigh-C3v
neighbours dared to affirme that shee dealt
with familiar spirits, and terrified them all
with curses and threatning of revenge, if
there were never so little cause of displeasure
and unkindnesse. Concerning Margaret, that
shee often resorted from the Castle to her
Mother, bringing such provision as they
thought was unbefitting for a servant to purloyne,
and comming at such unseasonable
houres, that they could not but conjecture
some mischiefe between them, and that their
extraordinary ryot & expences, tended both
to rob the Lady, & to maintaine certaine deboist
and base company which frequented
this Joane Flowers house the mother, & especially
her youngest Daughter. Concerning
Phillip, that she was lewdly transported with
the love of one Th: Simpson, who presumed
to say, that shee had bewitched him: for hee
had no power to leave her, and was as hee
supposed marvellously altred both in minde
and body, since her acquainted company:
these complaints began many yeares before
either their conviction, or publiqueap-C4r
apprehension: Notwithstanding such was
the honour of this Earle and his Lady;
such was the cunning of this monstrous woman
in observation towards them; such
was the subtilty of the Divell to bring his
purposes to passe; such was the pleasure of
God to make tryall of his servants; and
such was the effect of a damnable womans
wit and malitious envy, that all things were
carried away in the smooth Channell of liking
and good entertainment on every side,
untill the Earle by degrees conceived some
mislike against her; and so, peradventure
estranged himselfe from that familiaritie
and accustomed conferrences hee was wont
to have with her: untill one Peate offered
her some wrong; against whom shee complained,
but found that my Lord did not
affect her clamours, and malicious information,
untill one Mr. Vavasor abandoned
her company, as either suspicious of
her lewd life, or distasted with his owne
misliking of such base and poore Creatures,
whom nobody loved but the EarlesC4houshold;C4v
houshold; untill the Countesse misconceiving
of her daughter Margaret, and discovering
some undecencies both in her life and
neglect of her businesse, discharged her from
lying any more in the Castle, yet gave her
40.s. a bolster, & a mattresse of wooll: commanding
her to go home, until the slacknesse
of her repayring to the Castle, as shee was
wont, did turne her love and liking toward
this honourable Earle and his family into
hate and rancor: whereupon despighted to
bee so neglected, and exprobrated by her
neighbours for her Daughters casting out of
dores, and other conceived displeasures, she
grew past all shame and Woman-hood, and
many times cursed them all that were the
cause of this discontentment, and made her
so loathsome to her former familiar friends,
and beneficiall acquaintance.

When the Divell perceived the insicious
disposition of this wretch, and that she and
her Daughters might easily bee made instruments
to enlarge his Kingdome, and bee as
it were the executioners of his vengeance;notD1r
not caring whether it lighted upon innocents
or no, he came more neerer unto them,
and in plaine tearmes to come quickly to the
purpose, offered them his service, and that in
such a manner, as they might easily command
what they pleased: For hee would attend
you in such prety formes of dog, cat, or
Rat, that they should neither be terrified, nor
any body else suspicious of the matter. Upon
this they agree, and (as it should seeme) give
away their soules for the service of such spirits,
as he had promised them; which filthy
conditions were ratified with abhominable
kisses, and an odious sacrifice of blood, not
leaving out certaine charmes and conjurations
with which the Divell deceived them,
as though nothing could bee done without
ceremony, and a solemnity of orderly ratification.
By this time doth Sathan triumph,
and goeth away satisfied to have caught such
fish in the net of his illusions: By this time
are these women Divels incarnate, and grow
proud againe in their cunning and artificiall
power, to doe what mischiefe they listed: ByDthisD1v
this time they have learnt the manner of inchantations,
Spells and Charmes: By this
time they kill what Cattle they list, and under
the covert of flattery and familiar entertainment,
keepe hidden the stinging serpent
of mallice, and a venomous inclination
to mischiefe: By this time is the
Earle and his familie threatened, and must
feele the burthen of a terrible tempest, which
from these womens Divellish devises fell
uppon him, hee neither suspecting nor understanding
the same: By this time both
himselfe and his honourable Countesse, are
many times subject to sicknesse and extraordinary
convulsions, which they taking
as gentle corrections from the hand of
God, submit with quietnesse to his mercy,
and study nothing more, then to glorifie
their Creator in heaven, and beare his crosses
on earth.

At last, as mallice increased in these
damnable Women; so his family felt the
smart of their revenge and insicious disposition.
For his eldest Sonne Henry LordRosseD2r
sickened very strangely, and after a
while died: his next named Francis Lord Rosse accordingly, was severely tormented by
them, and most barbarously and inhumanely
tortured by a strange sicknesse not long
after the Lady Katherine was set upon by
their dangerous and divellish practises, and
many times in great danger of life, through
extreame maladies and unusuall fits, nay (as
it should seeme, and they afterwards confessed)
both the Earle and his Countesse were
brought into their snares as they imagined,
and indeed determined to keepe them from
having any more children. Oh unheard of
wickednesse and mischievous damnation?
Notwithstanding all this did the noble Earle
attend his Majesty, both at New-market before
Christmas, and at Christmas at Whitehall;
bearing the losse of his Children most
nobly, and little suspecting that they had
miscarried by Witch-craft, or such like inventions
of the Divell, untill it pleased God
to discover the villanous practises of these
Woemen, and to command the Divell D2fromD2v
from executing any further vengeance on
innocents, but leave them to their shames,
and the handes of Justice, that they might
not onely be confounded for their villanous
practises, but remaine as a notorious example
to all ages of his judgement and fury. Thus
were they apprehended about Christmas,
and carried to Lincolne Jayle, after due examination,
before sufficient Justices of the
Peace, and discreete Majestrates, who wondred
at their audacious wickednes, but Joane
the Mother before conviction, (as
they say) called for Bread and Butter, and
wished it might never goe through her if she
were guilty of that whereupon shee was examined;
so mumbling it in her mouth, never
spake more wordes after, but fell downe
and dyed as shee was carryed to Lincolne
, with a horrible excruciation of soule
and body, and was buried at Ancaster.

When the Earle heard of their apprehension,
hee hasted downe with his brother Sr.
, and sometimes examining them himselfe,
and sometimes sending them to others;atD3r
at last left them to the triall of Law, before the
Judges of assise at Lincolne; and so they were
convicted of murther and executed accordingly,
about the 1618-03-1111. of March, to the terror
of all the beholders, and example of such dissolute
and abhominable Creatures, and because
you shall have both cause to glorifie
God for this discovery, and occasion to apprehend
the strangenesse of their lives, and
truth of their proceedings: I thought it both
meete and convenient to lay open their own
Examinations and Evidences against one
another, with such apparrant circumstances,
as doe not onely shew the cause of their
mislike and distasting against the Earle and
his family; but the manner of their proceedings
and revenges, with other particulars
belonging to the true and plaine discovery of
their villany and Witch-craft.

D3 The D3v

The Examinations of
Anne Baker, Joane Willimot,
and Ellen Greene;

followeth, &c.

Anne Baker. Joane Willimot. Ellen Green.

Three women holding canes, surrounded by various small animals (a cat, rat, dog and owl).
The D4r

The Examination
of Anne Baker of Bottesford in
the County of Leicester Spinster,
taken 1618-03-01March, 1. 1618. by the
Right Honourable, Francis Earle
of Rutland, Sir George Manners
Knight, two of his Majesties Justices
of the peace for the County
of Lincolne, and Samuel FlemingDoctor
of Divinitie, one of
his Majesties Justices of the peace
for the County of Leicester aforesaid.

She saith that there are foure colours
of Planets, Blacke, Yellow, Greene,
and Blew, and that Blacke is alwaies
death, and that shee sawe the
Blew Plannet strike Thomas Fairebarne,
the eldest sonne unto William Fairebarne ofD4Botte-D4v
Bottesford aforesaid by the Pinfold there,
within the which time the said William Fairebarne
did beat her and breake her head, whereuppon
the said Thomas Faire-barne, did mend.
And being asked who did send that Planet? answered
it was not I.

Further shee saith, that shee saw a hand appeare
unto her, and that shee heard a voyce in the
ayre said unto her: Anne Baker, save thy selfe,
for to morrow thou and thy maister must be slaine:
and the next day her maister and shee were in a
Cart together; and suddainely shee saw a flash of
fire, and said her prayers, and the fire went away,
and shortly after a Crow came and picked
upon her cloathes, and shee said her prayers
againe, and bad the Crow go to whom he was sent,
and the Crow went unto her Maister, and did beat
him to death, and shee with her prayers recovered
him to life; but hee was sicke a fortnight after,
and saith, that if shee had not had more knowledge
then her maister, both he and shee and all the Cattell
had beene slaine.

Being examined concerning a Childe of Anne
, which shee was suspected to have bewitchedwitch-E1r
to death; saith, the said Anne Stannidge
did deliver her childe into her hands, and
that shee did lay it upon her skirt, but did no harme
unto it; And being charged by the Mother of the
childe, that upon the burning of the haire and
the paring of the nailes of the saide childe, the said
Anne Baker came in and set her downe, and for
one houres space could speake nothing; confesseth
shee came into the house of the said Anne Stannidge
in great paine, but did not know of the burning
of the haire and nailes of the said Childe;
but said she was so sicke that she did not know whither
she went.

Being charged that shee bewitched Elizabeth
, the wife of William Hough to death,
for that shee angred her in giving her almes of her
second bread; confesseth that she was angry with
her and said she might have given her of her better
bread, for she had gone too often on her errands,
but more she saith not.

This Examinat confesseth that shee came to
Joane Gylles house, her child being sicke, and that
shee intreated this Examinat to look on the Child,
and to tell her whether it was forspoken or no, andEthisE1v
this Examinate said it was forspoken; but when
the said child died she cannot tell.

And being asked concerning Nortley carrying
of his Child home unto his owne house, where
the said Anne Baker was, shee asked him, who
gave the said Child that loafe, he told her, Anthony
, to whom this Examinate said, he might
have had a Child of his owne if hee would have
sought in time for it; which words she confessed
shee did speake.

Being blamed by Henry Mills in this sort:
A fire set on you, I have had two or three ill nights;
to whom shee made answere, you should have let
me alone then, which shee confesseth.

The said Anne Baker, 1618-03-02March 2. 1618. confessed
before Samuel Fleming Doctor of Divinitie,
that about 3. yeares agoe, shee went into
Northamptonshire, and that at her comming back
againe, one Peakes wife and Dennis his wife of
Belvoyre told her that my young Lord Henry
was dead, and that there was a glove of the said
Lord buried in the ground; and as that glove did
rot and wast, so did the liver of the said Lord rot
and wast.

Further E2r

Further shee said, 1618-03-03March 3. 1618. before Sr.
George Manners
Knight, and Samuel Fleming
Doctor of Divinity, that shee hath a Spirit
which hath the shape of a white Dogge, which
shee calleth her good Spirit.

Samuel Fleming, test.

E2 The E2v

The Examination of Joan Willimot,
taken the 1618-02-2828. of February, in the
16.yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne
Lord, James, over England
King &c. and over Scotland
the 52
. before Alexander Amcotts
Esquire, one of his Majesties
Justices of the peace of the
said parts and County.

This Examinat saith, that Joane Flower
told her that my Lord of Rutland had
dealt badly with her and that they had
put away her Daughter, and that although
she could not have her will of my Lord himselfe,
yet she had spied my Lords Sonne and
had stricken him to the heart. And she saith,
that my Lords Sonne was striken with a
white Spirit, and that shee can cure some that
send unto her, and that some reward her for
her paines, and of some she taketh nothing.

She E3r

She further saith, that upon ---05Fryday night
last, her Spirit came to her and told her that
there was a bad woman at Deeping who had
given her soule to the Divell: and that her
said Spirit did then appeare unto her in a
more ugly forme then it had formerly done,
and that it urged her much to give it something,
although it were but a peece of her
Girdle, and told her that it had taken great
paines for her, but she saith that she would
give it nothing, and told it that she had sent
it to no place but onely to see how my Lord
did, and that her Spirit told her that he
should doe well.

E3 The E3v

The Examination of the said Joan
, taken the 1618-03-02second day of
March in the yeare abovesaid
before the said Alexander Amcots.

This Examinate saith, That shee hath a
Spirit which shee calleth Pretty, which
was given unto her by William Berry of Langholme
in Rutlandshire, whom she served three
yeares; and that her Master when hee gave it
unto her, willed her to open her mouth, and
hee would blow into her a Fairy which
should doe her good; and that shee opened
her mouth, and he did blow into her mouth;
and that presently after his blowing, there
came out of her mouth a Spirit, which stood
upon the ground in the the shape and forme
of a Woman, which Spirit did aske of her
her Soule, which shee then promised unto it,
being willed thereunto by her Master. Shee
further confesseth, that shee never hurt any
body, but did helpe divers that sent for her,whichE4r
which were stricken or fore-spoken: and that
her Spirit came weekely to her, and would
tell her of divers persons that were stricken
and forespoken. And shee saith, that the use
which shee had of the Spirit, was to know
how those did which shee had undertaken to
amend; and that shee did helpe them by certaine
prayers which she used, and not by her
owne Spirit; neyther did she imploy her Spirit
in any thing, but onely to bring word how
those did which she had undertaken to cure.

And shee further saith, that her Spirit came
unto her this last night (as she thought) in the
forme of a woman, mumbling, but she could
not understand what it said. And being asked
whether shee were not in a dreame or
slumber when shee thought shee saw it, shee
said no, and that she was as waking as at this

Alexander Amcots.

Thomas Robinson


The Examination of Joane Willimot
of Goadby in the County of
Leicester Widdow, taken the 1618-03-1717.
of March, 1618
by Sir Henry Hastings
Knight, and Samuel Fleming
Doctor of Divinitie, two of his
Majesties Justices of the Peace
of the said County of Leicester.

She saith that she tould one Cookes wife
of Stathorne in the said County Labourer,
that John Patchett might have had
his Child alive, if he would have sought
forth for it in time, and if it were not death
stricken in her wayes, and that Patchets wife
had an evill thing within her, which should
make an end of her, and that she knew by
her Girdle.

She saith further, that Gamaliel Greete
of Waltham in the said County Shepheard,
had a Spirit like a white Mouse put into himinF1r
in his swearing; and that if hee did looke upon
any thing with an intent to hurt, it should
be hurt, and that hee had a marke on his left
arme, which was cut away; and that her own
spirit did tell her all this before it went from

Further she saith, that Joane Flower, Margaret
and shee, did meet about a weeke
before Joane Flowers apprehension, in Blackborrow-hill,
and went from thence home to
the said Joan Flowers house, and there she saw
two spirits, one like a Rat, and the other like
an Owle; and one of them did sucke under
her right eare, as shee thought: and the said
Joan told her, that her spirits did say that shee
should neyther be hanged nor burnt.

Further she saith, that the said Joan Flower
did take up some earth and spet upon it, and
did worke it with her finger, and put it up into
her purse, and said though shee could not
hurt the Lord himselfe, yet shee had sped his
Sonne, which is dead.

H. Hastings.

Samuel Fleming.

F The F1v

The Examination of Ellen Greene
of Stathorne in the County of Leicester,
taken the 1618-03-1717. of March
. by Sir Henry Hastings Kt:
and Samuel Fleming D. of Divinitie,
two of his Majesties Justices
of the Peace of his said County.

Shee saith, that one Joan Willimot of Goadby
came about sixe yeares since to her in the
Wowlds, and perswaded this Examinate to
forsake God, and betake her to the divel, and
she would give her two spirits, to which shee
gave her consent, and thereupon the said Joan
called two spirits, one in the likenesse
of a Kitlin, and the other of a Moldiwarp: the
first the said Willimot called pusse, the other
hisse, hisse, and they presently came to her, &
she departing left them with this Examinate,
and they leapt on her shoulder, and the kitlin
suckt under her right eare on her neck, & the
Moldiwarp on the left side in the like place.AfterF2r
After they had suckt her, shee sent the Kitlin
to a Baker of that Towne, whose name shee
remembers not, who had called her Witch &
stricken her; and bad her said spirit goe and
bewitch him to death: the Moldiwarpe shee
then bad go to Anne Dawse of the same towne
and bewitch her to death, because she had called
this examinate witch, whore, jade, &c. and
within one fortnight after they both dyed.

And further this Examinate saith, that she
sent both her spirits to Stonesby, to one Willison
a husbandman, & Robert Williman a husbandmans
sonne, and bad the Kitlin goe to Willison
and bewitch him to death, and the Moldywarp
to the other, and bewitch him to death,
which they did; and within tenne dayes they
dyed. These foure were bewitched while this
Examinate dwelt at Waltham aforesaid.

About three yeares since, this Examinate
removed thence to Stathorne, where she now
dwelt: upon a difference betweene the said
Willimot and the wife of John Patchet of the
said Stathorne Yeoman, shee the said Willimot
called her this Examinate to goe and touchF2theF2v
the said John Patchets Wife and her Childe,
which shee did, touching the said John Patchets
wife in her bed, and the childe in the
Grace-wifes armes, and then sent her said
spirits to bewitch them to death, which they
did, and so the woman lay languishing by the
space of a moneth and more, for then shee
dyed; the childe dyed the next day after
she touched it.

And shee further saith, that the said Joane
had a spirit sucking on her, under the
left flanke, in the likenesse of a little white
Dogge, which this Examinate saith, that she
saw the same sucking in Barley-harvest last,
being then at the house of the said Joan Willimot.

And for her selfe, this Examinate further
saith, that shee gave her soule to the Divell to
have these spirits at her command; for a confirmation
whereof, she suffered them to suck
her alwayes as aforesaid about the change
and full of the Moone.

H. Hastings.

Samuel Fleming.

The F3r

The Examination of Phillip Flower, Sister of
Margaret Flower, and Daughters of Joane
before Sr William Pelham, and Mr.
, Justices of the Peace, 1618-02-01Febr. 4. 1618.
Which was brought in at the Assizes as evidence
against her Sister Margaret.

She saith, that her mother and her sister maliced
the Earle of Rutland, his Countesse, and
their Children, because her Sister Margaret,
was put out of the Ladies service of Laundry, and
exempted from other services about the house,
whereupon her said sister, by the commandement
of her mother, brought from the Castle the right
hand glove of the Lord Henry Rosse, which she delivered
to her Mother; who presently rubd it on the
backe of her Spirit Rutterkin, and then put it into
hot boyling water, afterward shee pricked it often,
and buried it in the yard, wishing the Lord Rosse
might never thrive, and so her Sister Margaret continued
with her mother, where shee often saw the
cat Rutterkin leape on her shoulder, sucke her

Shee further confessed, that shee heard her mother
often curse the Earle and his Lady, and thereupon
would boyle feathers and blood together,
using many Divellish speeches and strange gestures.

The F3v

The Examination of Margaret Flower, Sister
of Phillip Flower &c, about the 1618-01-2222. of January.

She saith and confesseth, that about foure or
five yeare since her Mother sent her for the
right hand glove of Henry Lord Rosse, afterward
that her mother bade her goe againe into
the Castle of Beaver, and bring downe the glove
or some other thing of Henry Lord Rosse, and shee
askt what to doe? Her Mother replyed to hurt my
Lord Rosse: whereupon she brought downe a glove,
and delivered the same to her Mother, who stroked
Rutterkin her Cat with it, after it was dipt in hot water,
and so prickt it often, after which Henry Lord
fell sicke within a weeke, and was much tormented
with the same.

She further saith, that finding a glove about two
or three yeares since of Francis Lord Rosse, on a
dung-hill, she delivered it to her mother, who put it
into hot water, and after tooke it out and rubd it on
Rutterkin the Cat, and bad him goe upwards, and after
her mother buried it in the yard, and said a mischiefe
light on him, but he will mend againe.

Shee further saith, that her Mother and shee, and
her Sister agreed together to bewitch the Earle and
his Lady, that they might have no more children:
and being demanded the cause of this their mallice
and ill will; shee saith, that about foure yeares sincetheF4r
the Countesse (growing into some mislike with her)
gave her forty shillings, a bolster, & a mattresse, and
bad her lye at home, and come no more to dwell
at the Castle; which she not onely tooke in ill part,
but grudged at it exceedingly, swearing in her heart
to be revenged. After this, her Mother complained
to the Earle against one Peake, who had offered her
some wrong, wherein she conceived that the Earle
tooke not her part, as shee expected, which dislike
with the rest, exasperated her displeasure against
him, and so she watched an opportunity to bee revenged:
whereupon she tooke wooll out of the said
mattresse, and a paire of gloves, which were given
her by Mr. Vavasor, and put them into warme water,
mingling them with some blood, and stirring it together,
then she tooke the wooll and gloves out of
the water, and rubd them on the belly of Rutterkin
her Cat, saying the Lord and the Lady should have
more Children, but it would be long first.

Shee further confesseth, that by her mothers commandement,
shee brought to her a peece of a handkercher
of the Lady Katherine the Earles daughter,
and her mother put it into hot water, & then taking
it out, rubd it on Rutterkin, bidding him flye, and go;
whereupon Rutterkin whined and cryed Mew:
whereupon shee said, that Rutterkin had no power
over the Lady Katherine to hurt her.

The F4v

The Examination of Phillip Flower, the 1618-02-2525.
of February, 1618
. before Francis Earle
, Francis Lord Willoughby of
Ersby, Sr. George Manners, and Sr. William

Shee confesseth and saith, that shee hath a Spirit
sucking on her in the forme of a white Rat,
which keepeth her left breast, and hath so
done for three or foure yeares, and concerning the
agreement betwixt her Spirit and her selfe, she confesseth
and saith, that when it came first unto her,
shee gave her Soule to it, and it promised to doe
her good, and cause Thomas Simpson to love her, if
shee would suffer it to sucke her, which shee agreed
unto; and so the last time it suckt was on ---02Tuesday
at night, the 1618-02-2323. of February.

The G1r

The Examination of Margaret Flower, at
the same time, &c.

Shee confesseth, that she hath two familiar Spirits
sucking on her, the one white, the other
black spotted; the white sucked under her left
brest, and the blacke spotted within the inward parts
of her secrets. When shee first entertained them she
promised them her soule, and they covenanted to
doe all things which she commanded them, &c.

Shee further saith, that about the 1618-01-3030. of January,
last past, being ---06Saturday, foure Divells appeared unto
her in Lincolne Jayle, at eleaven or twelve a clocke
at midnight: The one stood at her beds feete, with
a blacke head like an Ape, and spake unto her; but
what, shee cannot well remember, at which shee was
very angry because hee would speake no plainer, or
let her understand his meaning: the other three
were Rutterkin, Little Robin, and Spirit; but shee
never mistrusted them, nor suspected her selfe,
till then.

There is another Examination of the said
Margaret Flower, taken the 1618-02-04fourth of February,
. tending to this effect.

That being asked what shee knoweth concerning
the bewitching of the Earle of Rutland,
his wife, and children, shee saith, that it isGtrue,G1v
true, that her selfe, her mother, and sister were all
displeased with him, especially with the Countesse,
for turning her out of service, whereuppon some
foure yeare since, her mother commanded her to
goe up to the Castle, and bring her the right hand
glove of the Lord Henry Rosse, the Earles eldest
sonne; which glove she found on the rushes in the
Nurcery, and delivered the same to her Mother,
who put it into hot water, prickt it often with her
knife, then tooke it out of the water, and rubd it uppon
Rutterkin, bidding him height and goe, and doe
some hurt to Henry Lord Rosse, whereupon hee fell
sicke, and shorly after dyed, which her Mother hearing
of, said it was well: but after shee had rubd
the glove on the Spirit Rutterkin, shee threw it into
the fire and burnt it, &c.

These Examinations and some others were
taken and charily preserved for the contriving
of sufficient evidences against them, and
when the Judges of Assise came downe to Lincolne
about the 1618-03-01–1618-03-07first weeke of March, being Sr. Henry
, Lord chiefe Justice of the Common Pleas,
and Sr. Ed: Bromley one of the Barons of the Exchequer,
they were presented unto them, who not
only wondred at the wickednesse of these persons,
but were amazed at their practises and horrible
contracts with the Divel to damne their own soules:
And although the Right Honorable Earle had sufficient
griefe for the losse of his Children; yet nodoubtG2r
doubt it was the greater to consider the manner, and
how it pleased God to inflict on him such a fashion
of visitation: Besides, as it amazed the hearers to
understand the particulars, and the circumstances of
this divellish contract, so was it as wonderfull to
see their desperate impenitency, and horrible distraction,
according to the rest of that sort, exclaiming
against the Divell for deluding them, and now
breaking promise with them, when they stood in
most need of his helpe.

Notwithstanding all these aggravations, such
was the unparalleld magnanimity, wisedome, and
patience of this generous Noble-man, that hee
urged nothing against them more then their owne
confessions, and so quietly left them to judiciall triall,
desiring of God mercy for their soules, and of
men charity to censure them in their condemnation:
but God is not mocked, and so gave them over
to judgement, nor man so reformed, but for the
Earles sake, they cursed them to that place which
they themselves long before had bargained for.

What now remaines (gentle Reader) but for thee
to make use of so wonderfull a Story, and remarkable
an accident, out of which, to draw to a conclusion
thou maist collect these particulars. First.
that God is the supreame commander of all things,
and permitteth wonderfull actions in the World,
for the tryall of the godly, the punishment of the
wicked, and his owne glory: of which man shall
never attaine to know the reason or occasion. Secondly,
that the Divell is the meere servant andG2agentG2v
agent of God, to prosecute whatsoever hee shall
command rather then give leave unto; limiting
him yet thus farre in his own nature, that he can go
no further then the bounds within which hee is
hedged. Thirdly, that this God hath punishments,
ad correctionem, that is to say, chasticements of the
godly, & ad ruinem, Videlicet, Judgements against
the wicked, wherein yet man must disclaime any
knowledge, and forsake prejudicate opinions. For
the very just shall be tried like gold, and no man exempted
from castigation whom God doth love.
Fourthly, that this Divell, though he bee Gods Instrument,
yet worketh altogether by deceit: for as
hee was a lyer from the beginning; so let no man
trust him, because he aymeth at the confusion of all
Mankinde. Fiftly, that the wicked, (however they
may thrive and prosper for a time) yet in the end
are sure to be payed home, either with punishment
in this life or in the life to come, or both, as a finall
reward of monstrous impiety. Sixtly, that Man
in his frailty must not presume of prosperity; but
prepare a kinde of stooping under the hand of God,
when it pleaseth him to strike or punish us. Seaventhly,
that there is no murmuring nor repining
against God, but quietly to tolerate his inflictings,
whensoever they chance, of which this worthy
Earl is a memorable example to all men and Ages.
Eightly, that the punishments of the wicked are so
many warnings to all irregular sinners to amend
their lives, and avoid the judgement to come, by
penitency and newnesse of life. Ninthly, thatthoughG3r
though man could bee content to passe over blasphemies
and offences against the Statutes of Princes,
yet God will overtake them in their own walks,
and pull them backe by the sleeve into a slaughterhouse,
as here you know the evidences against these
people tooke life and power from their owne Confessions.
Tenthly, and last of all, that private opinion
cannot prevaile against publique censures: for
here you see the learned and religious Judges cryed
out with our Saviour, Ex ore tuo. Therefore though
it were so, that neither Witch nor Divell could doe
these things, yet “Let not a Witch live”, saith God, and
“Let them dye” (saith the Law of England) “that have
conversation with spirits, and presume to blaspheme
the name of God with spels and incantation”
. O then
you sonnes of men, take warning by these examples,
and eyther divert your steps from the broad way of
destruction, and inrecoverable gulph of damnation,
or with Josuahs counsell to Achan, blesse God for
the discovery of wickednesse, and take thy death patiently,
as the prevention of thy future judgement,
and saving innocents from punishment, who otherwise
may be suspected without a cause.

Utinam tam facile vera inuenire possem, quam falsa